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  • 251.
    Karlsson, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Multiple Affiliations: Memory and Place in Autobiographical Narratives of Displacement by (Im)migrant US Women2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Multiple Affiliations explores the autobiographical negotiations of memory and multilocality articulated by five (im)migrant women writers writing from, and being read (primarily) within, the US. Texts as diverse as Korean-American Theresa Hak Kyung Cha's Dictée (1982), Polish (Jewish)-American Eva Hoffman's Lost in Translation: Life in a New Language (1989), Chinese-American Maxine Hong Kingston's The Woman Warrior Memoirs of a Girlhood among Ghosts (1976) and China Men (1980), Caribbean/African-American Audre Lorde's Zami: A New Spelling of My Name (1982), and Pakistani-American Sara Suleri's Meatless Days (1989) highlight how various (cross-race and transnational) experiences of location, dislocation, and relocation resonate with each other and "immigrant America."

    Whereas the conventional immigration/assimilation paradigm assumes the resolvability of difference, (im)migration, related to the concept of diaspora, is sensitive to "different differences," related to race, class, gender, etc. Further, (im)migration points to the variability and mobility within the immigrant experience. I use the concept of diaspora, not as a metaphor, but as a lens through which to investigate subjectivities that disturb the assumed union between place, culture and identity. I further employ various exigencies of "locational feminism" to take into account shifting, unstable, postmodern identities and, at the same time, pay attention to historical and material particularities.

    Multiple Affiliations shows how "diasporic" dialectics - negotiations of here and there, continuity and change, roots and routes - continually shape (im)migrant subjectivities, even if the possibility of returning to the homeland is precluded and even if the experience of immigration is not firsthand. Acts of imaginative memory are called upon to re-configure diasporic identity by linking the present and the past, here and there, self and ethnic group, and with marked insistence, to rewrite history, frequendy to trouble national schemes. I propose that, far from inhabiting separate spheres, immigrant and diasporic sensibilities often overlap.

  • 252.
    Krull, Kirsten
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Lieber Gott, mach mich fromm ...: Zum Wort und Konzept “fromm” im Wandel der Zeit2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on current research in historical and cognitive linguistics this thesis examines the German semantic field <fromm> (<pious>), partly contrasting it with its Swedish correspondent <from>. Starting at the time of Old High German the analysis follows the historical development of word and concept, exploring how attitudes to the Christian religion are verbalised in different ages. One important assumption is that ideas and attitudes are accessible to us through the lexicalised items of a language.

    The thesis is part of the interlingual research project “Ethical concepts and mental cultures”, which, by applying a pluralistic method, examines various ethical fields, and assumes as central the oppositions a/o (action directed to others vs. to oneself), right/wrong (virtues vs. vices) and too much/too little vs. the ideal mean.

    This study shows that true piety, in order to be classified as a virtue, has to include both trust and critical thinking in equal proportions and that if either of the two outweighs the other the virtue will become a vice. Furthermore, it is shown that a shift in meaning has taken place from ‘profitable’ or ‘advantageous’ in Old High German, through ‘excellent’, ‘righteous’, ‘virtuous’ into ‘religious’, with Luther’s usage as the critical factor in giving the word its religious meaning. As a result of Secularisation and Individualisation negative connotations have developed in modern German usage which do not seem to exist to the same extent in modern Swedish. This is confirmed by two corpus studies, evaluating the usage of fromm/from in German and Swedish newspaper texts, according to which fromm tends to be transferred to profane contexts, meaning for example ‘hypocritical’, ‘uncritically credulous’ and ‘uncritically obedient’ more frequently than its Swedish equivalent.

    Based on results from socio-psychological research the study also identifies some strategies that speakers employ in order to mark distance or adherence to a group of believers or non-believers, for example metaphors (i.a. GOOD IS UP ÷ BAD IS DOWN) or stereotypes, which are often used to ridicule, criticise or insult a member of another group in order to strengthen the speaker’s own social identity.

  • 253.
    Kuoppa, Harriet
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Kvänerna - en minoritet på Nordkalotten2002In: När språk och kulturer möts: festskrift till Tuuli Forsgren 2 november 2002 / [ed] Heidi Hansson, Raija Kangassalo & Daniel Lindmark, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2002, p. 255-266Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 254.
    Lambertsson Björk, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Campus clowns and the canon: David Lodge's campus fiction1993Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of David Lodge's campus novels: The British Museum is Falling Down, Changing Places, Small World and Nice Work. Unlike most previous studies of Lodge's work, which have focussed on literary-theoretical issues, this dissertation .aims at unravelling some of the ideological impulses that inform his campus fiction. A basic assumption of this study is that literature is never disinterested; it is always an ideological statement about the world. Mikhail Bakhtin's concept of the dialogical relationship between self and other provides a means of investigating the interaction between author and reader; central to this project is Bakhtin's notion of how to reach an independent, ideological consciousness through the active scrutiny of the authoritative discourses surrounding us.

    First, a brief historical outline of the campus novel is presented, together with analyses of three representative works. Lodge's novels are thereafter discussed in relation to his own literary-theoretical work, and also in relation to his attempts at bridging the gap between the academy and the world outside. The chapter demonstrates how, as a result of this bridging posture, Lodge's works, critical and fictional, become increasingly intertwined. Yet, despite Lodge’s avowed intentions, for readers without prior access to the literary canon his elaborate intertextual games fail to bridge the gap.

    The discussion of Lodge's first three campus novels novels shows how the authority of the Church, the literary canon, and established societal norms, is seemingly challenged in these texts. Lodge has himself invited a Bakhtinian reading of his novels, but this study demonstrates that his fiction, allegedly both dialogical and camivalesque, to a large extent advocates an ideology that is diametrically opposed to such an activity. Reigning over these novels is a mood of gloom and passive resignation—a mood which is the very antithesis of Bakhtin's insistence on activity and the camivalesque positive attitude to change and renewal. In the discussion of the last novel, it is furthermore demonstrated that Lodge's use of stereotypes wrecks any dialogical potential, and that the extended intertextual play evinces clear anti-feminist and élitist patterns.

    Lodge’s campus fiction confirms the myth of the isolated Ivory Tower. The attempted bridging of the gap between the academy and the outside world is not accomplished. For most readers his texts remain one-dimensional portrayals of irrelevant campus clowns.

  • 255. Larsson Ringqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Valfridsson, IngelaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Forskning om undervisning i främmande språk: Rapport från workshop i Växjö 10–11 juni 20042005Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 256. Larsson Ringqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Valfridsson, IngelaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Forskning om undervisning i främmande språk: rapport från workshop i Växjö 10-11 juni 20042005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 257.
    Leavenworth, Van
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Playing with the Mythos2007In: Electronic Book Review, ISSN 1553-1139Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A review of Kenneth Hite's essay "Narrative Structure and Creative Tension in Call of Cthulhu," which first appeared in Second Person: Role-Playing and Story in Games and Playable Media (2007, MIT press).

  • 258.
    Liebel, Dorothea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Zu adjektivischen Ad-hoc-Bildungen in Harry Martinsons Roman Nässlorna blomma und deren Übersetzung ins Deutsche2005In: Text im Kontext 6: Beiträge zur sechsten Arbeitstagung schwedischer Germanisten in Göteborg, 23.-24. April 2004, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Lindgren, E.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Promoting individualisation and reflection in EFL WritingArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 260.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Writing and revising: Didactic and Methodological Implications of Keystroke Logging2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Keystroke logging records keyboard activity during writing. Time and position of all keystrokes are stored in a log file, which facilitates detailed analysis of all pauses, revisions and movements undertaken during writing. Keystroke logging further includes a replay function, which can be used as a tool for reflection and analysis of the writing process. During writing, writers continuously plan, transcribe, read, and revise in order to create a text that meets with their goals and intentions for the text. These activities both interact and trigger one another.

    This thesis includes studies in which keystroke recordings are used as bases for visualisation of and reflection on the cognitive processes that underlie writing. The keystroke logging methodology is coupled with Geographical information systems (GIS) and stimulated recall in order to enhance the understanding of keystroke logged data as representations of interacting cognitive activities during writing. Particular attention is paid to writing revision and a taxonomy for analysis of on-line revision is proposed. In the taxonomy, revisions made at the point of inscription are introduced as ‘pre-contextual’ revisions, and highlighted as potential windows on cognitive processing during transcription. The function of pre-contextual revisions as revisions of form and concepts was ascertained in an empirical study, which also showed that 13-year-old writers revised more form and concepts at the point of inscription when they wrote in English as a foreign language (EFL) than in Swedish as a first language (L1).

    In this thesis, a learning method, Peer-based intervention (PBI), is introduced and examined through case studies and statistical analysis. PBI is based on theories about cognitive capacity, noticing, individual-based learning and social interaction. In PBI, the keystroke-logging replay facility is used as a tool for reflection on and discussion of keystroke logged data, i.e. representations of cognitive processes active during writing. In the studies presented in this thesis, teen-aged and adult writers’ texts, written before and after PBI, were analysed according to text quality and revision. Descriptive and argumentative texts in both L1 and EFL were included in the studies. The results showed that PBI raised adult and teen-aged writers’ awareness of linguistic and extra-linguistic features, and that the effect varied across levels of learner ability, text type and language.

  • 261.
    Lindgren, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Analysing online revision2006In: Computer Keystroke Logging and Writing: Methods and Applications, Oxford: Elsevier, 2006, p. 157-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents, discusses and illustrates a method for the analysis of revision of form and concepts in online writing. Keystroke logging was coupled with stimulated recall to assist the development of the LS-taxonomy for online writing revision. Revisions are fundamentally divided according to their position in the text and according to their effect on the developing text. Revision occurs either within the previously written text or at the point of inscription. Revisions at the point of inscription are characterised by being only preceded by written text; the revisions occur in the course of transcription. During the writing process, revisions interact actively with pauses and other revisions. The complex nature of discourse in development, the issues of multiple categorisation of revision and the linking of revisions and pauses together as revision episodes, and how these impact upon the use of the LS-taxonomy is ovenviewed. All LS-taxonomy categories are thoroughly exemplified by examples from a corpus of keystroke-logged data of first language Swedish and English as a foreign language (EFL) compositions.

  • 262.
    Lindgren, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Sullivan, Kirk P. H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    The LS graph: A methodology for visualising writing revision2002In: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 565-595Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The writing process has long been a subject for investigation. Until recently researchers have been restricted to written protocols for the analysis of writing sessions. These provide vast amounts of information from which it is impossible to create detailed mental representations of the writer’s movements around the text, revision activity, or pause behavior. Computer keystroke –logging programs, which record all keystrokes and mouse actions, facilitate the collection of quantitative data about text creation. This article presents the LS graph, a novel way of graphically representing and summarizing the quantitative data collected when keystroke logging. Further, the graph can be combined with a detailed manual analysis of the individual revisions that can be undertaken by playing back the logged writing session.

  • 263.
    Lindgren Leavenworth, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Örnberg Berglund, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Utmaningar och möjligheter med nätbaserat lärande2008In: Utsikter, insikter, avsikter: universitetspedagogisk konferens i Umeå 27 – 28 februari 2007 / [ed] Mohammad Fazlhashemi och Thomas Fritz, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt Centrum, Umeå universitet , 2008, p. 283-292Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När det hösten 2002 beslutades att införa en helt nätburen kurs i engelska sågs tre aspekter som särskilt utmanande. Man misstänkte att det kunde vara svårt att ge goda förutsättningar för studenterna att utveckla sin analytiska förmåga, att träna upp den muntliga kommunikativa kompetensen och att känna grupptillhörighet. I detta paper diskuteras hur dessa tre utmaningar med relativt enkla medel kunnat mötas, liksom hur den nya pedagogik som utvecklats för de nätburna kurserna i sin tur också influerat den traditionella campusundervisningen.

  • 264.
    Lindgren, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Engelska.
    Kulturmöten i Ruth Prawer Jhabvalas Travelers1996In: Villfarelsens blick: Essäer om resan som kultur, Symposion, Stockholm , 1996Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Lindgren, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Male Explorers and Eccentric Creatures: Identities in Mary Kingsley’s Travels in West Africa1997In: From Runes to Romance: A Festschrift for Gunnar Persson on his Sixtieth Birthday, Swedish Science Press, Uppsala , 1997Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 266.
    Lindgren, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Second Journey: Travelling in Literary Footsteps2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a time dominated by mass tourism and the search for what has been termed authenticity, travel narratives are again of academic interest. This study seeks to demonstrate how travel writers from the 1980s and 1990s increasingly turn to earlier texts for inspiration and guidance. The first texts, in this sense, work as both theoretical and practical maps for the second traveller who aims to emulate the experiences of the first traveller. The past is thus seen as a repository for authentic experiences.

    I outline the developments within travel, tourism and travel writing, in part to show that the arguments in this study stem from a number of academic fields, in part to account for the events and ideas leading up to the second journey narratives. The authenticity sought by second journey writers and tourists is defined as residing primarily in the past, and I discuss several strategies the writers employ to attain this desired authenticity: intertextuality being one of them. By referring to and quoting from the earlier text, a sense of authenticity is achieved. I also discuss issues of heroism, home, recognitions and disappointments.

    This study includes three case studies that illuminate different forms and aspects of second journeys. The first form shows how the scientific and adventurous journey has been seen as a predominantly male endeavour. Robert Falcon Scott, Robert Swan and Roger Mear's texts serve as examples here. The second form focuses on the solitary, female traveller, exemplified in texts by Mary Kingsley and Caroline Alexander. The third and final form demonstrates how the second journey can be used in biographical projects, using Robert Louis Stevenson and Nicholas Rankin as cases in point.

    Differences and similarities between these three forms, such as what kind of authenticity is desired and how the traveller goes about achieving it, how the writer uses the intertextual element, gender differences and shifting themes finally reveal that the travel text remains of current interest and that it can be developed in several ways to breathe new life into the genre of travel writing, despite critics' claims that there are no thoroughly authentic places left to travel to.

  • 267.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    "Event": the rise of a buzzword in German2006In: Muttersprache, ISSN 0027-514X, Vol. 116, no 3, p. 216-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focuses on the recent import of an English loanword, event, into German, describing the process of integration and comparing this with corresponding developments in the Swedish language. Using a German and Swedish corpus compiled from newspaper texts the tokens are analysed with regard to frequency, domains of usage, semantic change, and word formation activity. Socio-cultural factors as driving forces in the adoption of the word are discussed, followed by some reflections on the future position of the studied lexeme in the two compared languages.

  • 268.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Event-der Aufstieg eines Modeworts im Deutschen2006In: Muttersprache: Vierteljahresschrift für deutsche Sprache, ISSN 0027-514X, Vol. 3, p. 216-227Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Dieser Beitrag beschreibt den Prozess der Aufnahme und Integration des Anglizismus Event ins Deutsche mit kurzen Ausblicken auf das Schwedische. Ausgehend von deutschen und schwedischen Zeitungskorpora wird das Neulexem nach Häufigkeit des Auftretens sowie nach Gebrauchsdomänen, Bedeutungsentwicklung und Wortbildungsaktivität analysiert. Als Ursachen für die Entlehnung werden sozio-kulturelle Tendenzen der Gegenwart diskutiert. Abschließend folgen Überlegungen zur künftigen Stellung des untersuchten Wortes im deutschen und schwedischen Lexembestand.

    The present study focuses on the recent import of an English loanword, event, into German, describing the process of integration and comparing this with corresponding developments in the Swedish language. Using a German and Swedish corpus compiled from newspaper texts the tokens are analysed with regard to frequency, domains of usage, semantic change, and word formation activity. Socio-cultural factors as driving forces in the adoption of the word are discussed, followed by some reflections on the future position of the studied lexeme in the two compared languages.

  • 269.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    How Does Group Discussion in Reconstruction Tasks Affect Written Output?2005In: Language Awareness, ISSN 0965-8416, Vol. 14, no 2/3, p. 128-141Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 270.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Kaufwut, Gesundheitswahn und Vergnügungssucht: Zeitkritische Komposita im Deutschen mit Ausblick auf das Schwedische2007In: Muttersprache: Vierteljahresschrift für deutsche Sprache, ISSN 0038-8459, Vol. 117, no 1, p. 17-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Der vorliegende Artikel ist eine Studie zu neueren, substantivischen "Wortbildungen", die im Deutschen in Anspruch genommen werden, um drei zeittypische "Lebensstilerscheinungen", nämlich das Konsumieren, die Fitnessorientierung und die Spaß- und Unterhaltungsfixierung zu benennen. Die Lexeme werden nach den Ausgangsbereichen ihrer "Metaphorik" kategorisiert. Allen gemeinsam ist, dass das jeweilige Verhalten als Übertreibung und daher als "Abweichung von der Norm" oder von einem Normalzustand versprachlicht wird, wobei das Krankheitsschema besonders stark vertreten ist. Die Wortbildungen enthalten folglich Elemente, die auf "Einstellungen und Wertungen" der Sprecher in Bezug auf die untersuchten Phänomene schließen lassen.

  • 271.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    ”Meine Freude ist super. Wir haben immer einen Kaffee trinken und Party zusammen.”: några reflektioner kring utveckling av skriftlig produktion i tyska2006In: Språkforskning på didaktisk grund: rapport från ASLA:s höstsymposium, Växjö, 10-11 2005 / [ed] Jan Einarsson, Eva Larsson Ringqvist, Maria Lindgren, Uppsala: Svenska föreningen för tillämpad språkvetenskap , 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 272.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Mit vollen Händen schenken: Semiotik als Interpretationsraster einiger Somatismen2004In: Norden und Süden: Festschrift für Kjell-Åke Forsgren zum 65. Geburtstag / [ed] Mareike Jendis, Anita Malmqvist & Ingela Valfridsson, Umeå: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för moderna språk , 2004, p. 160-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Problemlösning i grupp: några iaktagelser från språkklassrummet2005In: Forskning om undervisning i främmande språk: rapport från workshop i Växjö 10-11 juni 2004 / [ed] Eva Larsson Ringqvist och Ingela Valfridsson, Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Sammelwut und Wegwerfmanie: zur Versprachlichung von 'Laster' als Übertreibung im Deutschen und Schwedischen2005In: Korpuslinguistik deutsch: synchron-diachron-kontrastiv : Würzburger Kolloquium 2003 / [ed] Johannes Schwitalla und Werner Wegstein, Tübingen: Niemeyer , 2005, p. 273-276Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 275.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Sparsamkeit und Geiz, Grosszügigkeit und Verschwendung: ethische Konzepte im Spiegel der Sprache2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this study is to analyse the lexemes and phraseological units that constitute the semantic fields employed in naming four abstract domains, greed, thrift, generosity, and extra­vagance that make up the ethical concept <Attitude to Ownership> in German. On the assump­tion that ideas are accessible to us through the lexicalised items of a language, recent theories in the field of semantic analysis and conceptualisation were applied to the source material. In each domain key words were identified and their definitions in modern and historical dictionaries were analysed. Various dimensions of meaning, which proved to be inherent in the lexical items, emerged from this analysis. The oppositions a/o (action directed to others vs. to oneself), right/wrong (virtues vs. vices) and too much/ too little vs. the ideal mean were established as central. To achieve a more precise description of meaning tentative explications of cognitive levels were proposed. By means of these the underlying ideas, as they were reflected in the lexical units, could be described. The analysis showed greater variation and expressivity in words, idioms, and proverbs referring to the two vices compared to the virtues. Furthermore, a diachronic study produced evidence of semantic and conceptual changes. On the basis of such observations conclusions could be drawn about changes in the ethical system. The data derived from a contrastive corpus analysis of the German and Swedish key words showed numerous similarities as well as some conspicuous differences in the conceptualisation and valuation of attitudes pertaining to the four abstract domains. Moreover, the key words denoting the two virtues showed a clear domination in frequency, indicating that these are more central conceptual categories in today's society than the vices. An ongoing shift in meaning could be established for the key words naming the latter. Applying modern theories of metaphor and metonymy the experiential basis of meaning and thought was explored, showing that the structures forming the ethical concepts studied in this work are grounded in experiences of a physical and socio- cultural nature. The metaphorical concept ILLNESS emerged as a common source domain for the two vices, while the PATH- concept was shown to form the basis of metaphors expressing the o-virtue but not the a-virtue. Among the numerous métonymie concepts HAND proved to be a characteristic of all four domains.

  • 276.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Zu Metaphern als Versprachlichung von "Geiz"…und "Verschwendung" im Deutschen und Schwedischen...2004In: Thema mit Variationen: Dokumentation des VI. Nordischen Germanistentreffens in Jyväskylä vom 4.-9. Juni 2002 / [ed] Ahti Jäntti, Jarkko Nurminen, Frankfurt am Main: Lang , 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Valfridsson, Ingela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Interkulturelles Verstehen als Lernziel in Lehrerausbildung und Schule2006In: Interkulturelle KompetenzArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 278.
    Mareike, Jendis
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Malmqvist, AnitaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.Valfridsson, IngelaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Norden und Süden: Festschrift für Kjell-Åke Forsgren zum 65. Geburtstag2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Maria, Svensson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Franska.
    Critères de figement et conditions nécessaires et suffisantes2002In: XV Skandinaviske romanistkongress, 2002, p. 777-783Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Fadermördari, tumpit ja är-är2005In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    FinOpe-verkkosivusto ja SanatOn-roolipeli - uutta suomea toisena tai vieraana kielenä opettaville opettajille ja heidän oppilailleen2007In: Virsu III: suomalais-ugrilaisia kohdekieliä ja kontakteja / [ed] Pirkko Muikku-Werner, Ossi Kokko ja Hannu Remes, Joensuu, Finland: Joensuun yliopistopaino , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. finska.
    Kvantitativa studier av syntaxen i finsk ungdomslitteratur1992Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the syntax in Finnish literature for young people in order to arrive at fundamental information about the character of the language in literature of this kind. The corpus consists of three Tiina books by Anni Polva. My method is mainly quantitative, but also comparative. The language of the three books is compared, but the results of this comparison are also contrasted with other Finnish and also Swedish quantitative linguistic investigations. The investigation begins at the sentence and clause levels. To some extent is also considered whether syntactic features occur in main clauses or in subordinate clauses, in narrative text or in dialogues.

    The length of sentences and clauses is investigated. It appears that the length of sentences stated in clauses (2.2 clauses on averige) and the length of clauses in words (5 words on averige) do not differ from those typical of literature for children or adults. On the other hand the length of sentences stated in words (11 words on averige) is somewhat higher than in literature for children and adults. Active and passive clauses, mode, tense and negation in the clauses are investigated. The results show that the frequency of active clauses is high and the frequency of passive clauses is very low. The frequency of negated clauses is also very high. The most frequent mode is the indicative, followed by the conditional. There are few predicates in the imperative, and there are only isolated instances of predicates in the potential. The use of tenses resembles that in literature for children and adults: most predicates are in the past tense, followed by the present, the pluperfect and the perfect.

    Main clauses and subordinate clauses of different kinds are dealt with in the investigation. The proportion between main clauses and subordinate clauses is about the same as in the spoken language. The coordinating as well as the subordinating conjunctions are investigated both with regard to the actual occurrences of the conjunctions and with regard to their meanings. The most frequent coordi­nating conjunctions are ja 'and* (55.8 %) and multa 'but' (21.4 %). The classification of the conjunctions according to meaning shows that copulative conjunctions are the most frequent ones (50.7 %). Of the subordinating conjunctions että 'that' (35.7 %) and kun 'when, because' (25.0 %) are the most frequent ones. Semantically explicative conjunctions are the most frequent subordinating conjunctions (27.6 %). Syndetic coordination is most frequent in main clauses (78.8 %) as well as in subordinate clauses (98.9 %). Asyndetic coordination is clearly used as a stylistic device.

    A large number of different constructions are used in the corpus. Some of them are contracted clauses, some are other constructions which resemble them. The frequency of these constructions is unexpectedly high. The most frequent types of contracted clause are the necessive construction (47.9 %), the participle construction (18.3 %) and the temporal construction (15.3 %). Of the other constructions the modal construction (60.4 %) and the agent construction (12.8 %) are the most frequent ones.

    The structure of the sentences in the Tiina books is varied and sometimes complex. In all there are 167 different combinations of clauses in the corpus. The most frequent type of sentence consists of one main clause (27.8 %). In the combination of clauses we also find clauses with different degrees of subordination. Grade 1 is the most frequent one (87.1 %). However, there are even instances of grade 4. The position of main clauses and subordinate clauses varies a great deal. They may be mixed at will. The corpus contains a large number of clause combinations which occur once only.

  • 283.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Käytävä matto ja klaffi-lipasto.2002In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 2/2002Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. finska.
    Lahjaksi naiselle vasara rusetilla varustettuna1998In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 2, p. 10-14Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Mauste, höyste ja herkku.1999In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 1/1999Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Mikä hoto molkeri! Tuleeks' se hipan kengässä?: Anni Polva selittää Tiina-kirjojen sanoja1992Book (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Finska.
    Oletko sairaalakunnossa?2007In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 1, p. 19-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 288.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. finska.
    Onko anadigi suomea?1997In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 2, p. 13-14Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 289.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Pikkarit, sukkarit ja beehoot.2003In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 3/2003Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Pläägät, buutsit ja tsengat: Kenkien nimityksiä slangissa2002In: När språk och kulturer möts: festskrift till Tuuli Forsgren 2 november 2002. / [ed] Heidi Hansson, Raija Kangassalo & Daniel Lindmark, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2002, p. 35-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Pohjoisessa testataan roolipeliä suomen kielen opetuksessa2005In: Ruotsin Sanomat, no 2005-02-11Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Finska.
    Roolipeli SanatOn ja FinOpe-sivusto suomen oppimisen tueksi2007In: Ote - opetus ja teknologia, ISSN 1236-7664, no 1, p. 29-31Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Roolipeli suomi toisena tai vieraana kielenä -opetuksessa2007In: III Kansainvälinen VIRSU-konferenssi 19.-20. tammikuuta 2007 Joensuussa, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [fi]

    Vuonna 2004 aloitti toimintansa hanke FinNet. Network for teachers of Finnish as a second or foreign Language (www.projects.itek.norut.no/finnet). Tähän kolmen pohjoismaan väliseen yhteishankkeeseen osallistuu henkilöitä seuraavilta tahoilta: Norjasta Tromssasta atk-tutkimusyksikkö Norut IT ja Tromssan lääninhallituksen koulutusosasto, Ruotsista Uumajan yliopiston suomen kielen jaos, Suomesta Helsingin yliopiston koulutus- ja kehittämiskeskus Palmenia (Kotkan ja Kouvolan toimipisteet) sekä Kemi-Tornion ammattikorkeakoulu.

    Hankkeen tarkoituksena on ollut luoda apuvälineitä lähinnä Norjassa ja Ruotsissa toimiville suomea toisena tai vieraana kielenä opettaville opettajille ja heidän oppilailleen. Hankkeessa on keskeisimpänä virtuaalinen online roolipeli, joka on nimeltään SanatOn. Roolipeli on rakennettu siten, että oppilas voi pelata sitä yksin tai useampien kanssa samanaikaisesti.

    Pelissä on selvä juoni ja lisäksi mysteerio, jonka ratkaistakseen oppilaan on pelattava koko peli. Peliin on sijoitettu eriasteisia kielitehtäviä ja minipelejä, joiden avulla oppilas pääsee etenemään pelissä. Roolipelin kautta oppilaat tutustutetaan suomen kielen eri osa-alueisiin ja samalla myös suomalaiseen kulttuuriin, tapoihin ja tavalliseen arkipäivän elämään. Roolipelin yhteyteen on suunniteltu myös kielisalkku, johon oppilaat voivat kerätä tekemäänsä kieliaineistoa ja kirjata kielenoppimisensa edistymistä ja kehittymistä.

    Oppilaat, joille roolipeli on tässä vaiheessa tarkoitettu, ovat joko kveeni- tai ruotsinsuomalaistaustaisia ja heidän kielitaustansa ja kielelliset tarpeensa vaihtelevat suuresti. Roolipelin tarkoituksena on tukea perinteistä opetuspedagogiikkaa ja -menetelmiä ja stimuloida ja motivoida oppilaita käyttämään suomea vaihtelevissa. tilanteissa.

    Roolipelin lisäksi hankkeessa on luotu FinOpe-sivusto, joka on suomenopettajien kansainvälinen kohtaamispaikka. Sivustossa on mm. keskustelufoorumi, opetusvinkkejä, linkkikokoelma (www.finope.fi). Opettajille on kehitetty myös verkkokurssi, joka perehdyttää heitä käyttämään tieto- ja viestintätekniikkaa opetuksessaan.

  • 294.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Roolipeli -uusi tapa oppia suomea toisena tai vieraana kielenä2006In: XXXIII Kielitieteen päivät Turussa 4.-5. toukokuuta 2006: esitelmien tiivistelmät / [ed] Piia Seppälä, Turun yliopisto , 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Roolipelillä suomen kimppuun: Kielenopetuksessa puhaltavat uudet tuulet2005In: Liekki, ISSN 0347-3597, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 296.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Rotsit ja brallat: Takkien ja housujen nimityksiä slangissa2003In: Kieli tienhaarassa: Juhlakirja Maija Grönholmin 60-vuotispäivän kunniaksi 23.9.2003 / [ed] Michaela Pörn, Anita Åstrand, Åbo: Åbo Akademis Förlag, 2003, p. 91-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Sanasalaattia.2002In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 4/2002Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Sanasta numeroksi2005In: Kielikello, ISSN 0355-2675, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Sikashoppailua Oulussa2007In: Kielitieteen päivät: Oulu 24.-25. toukokuuta 2007 ABSTRAKTIKIRJA, Oulun Yliopisto, University of Oulu , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [fi]

    Suomen kielessä sana sika on esiintynyt Agricolan ajoista lähtien. Sanan alkumuotoa ei ole pystytty jäljittämääm, mutta sen etymologisia vastineita on itämerensuomessa ja mordvassa. Todennäköisesti sika on lainautunut indoeurooppalaisilta naapureilta, joilta on saatu muitakin maatalouteen ja sen käsitteistöön kuuluvia sanoja. Nykysuomessa sika-sana voi toimia erilaisissa tehtävissä ja sen merkityskenttä on laajentunut niin, että joukko merkityksiä on jo hyvin kaukana tästä alkujaan sorkkaeläinten ryhmään kuuluvasta kotieläimen nimityksestä. Sika saattaa olla mm. substantiivi, joka tarkoittaa esimerkiksi ihmistä, useimmiten miespuolista, joka käyttäytyy jotenkin hyvistä tavoista poikkeavasti. Joitakin vuosia sitten sikaa alettiin käyttää yhdysadjektiivien alkuosana lähinnä nuorison puhekielessä. Puheessa voi esiintyä esimerkiksi seuraavanlaista "sikailua": Mä sain tän loimen sikahalvalla tai Tää muona on sikahyvää. Sika-sanan yhdistämisestä toiseen substantiiviin ei ole esiintymiä Kotimaisten kielten tutkimuskeskuksen Kielitoimiston kokoelmissa. Tällainen kielipiirre ei siis ole, ainakaan toistaiseksi, pesiytynyt suomeen muualla kuin Oulussa. Kirjoitetusta kielestä olen nimittäin sieltä löytänyt mm. yhdyssanat sikapäivät, sikatarjoukset ja sikahinta. Merkitykseltään sikaa voi nykyisin käyttää hyvin monissa yhteyksissä. Aikojen kuluessa jotkin merkitykset ovat jo kiteytyneet pysyviksi, mutta ainakin puhekielen ja slangin osalta sana on saanut joukon uusiakin. Tarkastelen esitelmässäni lähinnä sitä, millaisissa merkityksissä sika-sanaa on mahdollista käyttää. Havaintoni perustuvat sanakirjoihin 1800-luvun loppupuolelta 2000-luvun alkuun.

  • 300.
    Määttä, Tuija
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Stormi, tötsä ja kotsa: Kieliviesti2004In: Kieliviesti, ISSN 0280-350X, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
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