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  • 251. Ullén, F
    et al.
    Söderlund, T
    Kääriä, L
    Madison, G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bottom-upmechanisms are involved in the relation between accuracy in timing tasks andintelligence - further evidence using manipulations of state motivation.2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 252.
    Urniaz, Piotr
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Redigering och skuld: Ett kognitivt perspektiv på redigeringensfunktioner i ansvarsutkrävande tv-reportage2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: During the past decade, media researchers have intensified the study of media scandals and the role of journalism as an institution that holds social actors responsible for malfeasance and wrongdoings. On a micro level of analysis, the main attention has beendirected towards the journalistic interview and its use to promote the impression of guilt and journalistic neutrality. However, such studies have not been able to address the editing dimension of TV journalism that transforms conversation to another type of communicativepractice – that of communication through TV-flows composed of speech sequences, pictures,and sounds.

    This doctoral thesis develops a theoretical framework for analysis of the functions of editing inthe process of guilt attribution by journalistic TV-flows – e.g. investigative TV reporting. The purpose is also to contribute to an understanding of the relationship between the communicative competences of viewers and the contextualization of speech acts through the composition of TV-flows.

    The developed perspective consists of three parts: 1) A division of viewers’ reception of TV-flows in two types of interpersonal relations (to a speaker and to the composer) that involves six levels of cognitive activities. This division is based on the Habermasian notion of communicative rationality; 2) An intent-model, that lists communicative intentions expressed by the composer when speech sequences are merged and pictures are inserted; 3) A guilt-model, that encompasses guilt as a mental structure of ontologically separated elements (e.g. deed,intention, norm) and the associative relations that the viewer uses to create a meaningful whole– a fabula of guilt.

    The conveyed analysis of three cases of investigative reporting illustrates how the developed framework can be applied in the study of guilt attribution. The analyses also describe several compositional strategies by which the viewer is encouraged to make certain meaning, evaluate, and judge. The strategies concern the following areas: promotion of certain understanding of speech, promotion of certain evaluation of the validity claims, and promotion of certain understanding of the speaker’s intentions. Also strategies of positioning of the reporter in constructed discourses, that enhance the impression of her performances and argumentation, are explored. Furthermore, the composer’s strategies for masking intentions to interfere with the speech acts, by increasing intent ambiguity, are described.

    The guilt-model is used to understand the workings of the TV-flow on an overreaching level of meaning (the fabula level). Here, the analysis explains the interplay between portrayed intentions and acts, and the different ways in which condemning norms can be activated and highlighted. Furthermore, the model explores the possible employment of categorization in theprocess of guilt attribution (e.g. when properties of an individual are transferred to a group).

    In sum, this thesis contributes to a new way of understanding the reception of current affairs programs and TV journalism, as relation building between composer and viewer, by means of contextualization of speech acts.

  • 253.
    Valleskog, Charlotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Organisatorisk identifikation, psykisk hälsa och vårdkvalitet: - i svensk och spank äldreomsorg2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational identification (OI) is strongly associated with employees’ psychological well-being and job performance. This study explores this association within a group of elder care employees in the north of Sweden and Catalonia, Spain. 166 Swedish and 353 Spanish managers and staff members from the elder care participated in the study that aimed to examine which demographic variables were connected to OI, if there was a correlation between managers and their staffs OI, and if OI can predict employees’ psychological health and quality of care. Main results show an association between OI and manager position as well as country origin. Manager OI was not associated with staff OI. OI was a significant predictor for both employees’ psychological health and quality of care. Potential explanations for the associations found, and the relevance of OI as and instrument in the work towards a better psychological health and quality of care is discussed, as well as generalizability and reliability of instruments.

  • 254. Van der Merwe, A.S
    et al.
    Rothmann, S
    Pienaar, Jaco
    Coping, stres en selfmoord-denkbeeldvorming in die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiediens in die Vrystaat [Coping, stres and suicide ideation in the South African Police Service in the Freestate].2004In: South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 81-91Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 255. Van der Merwe, P
    et al.
    Saayman, M
    Pienaar, Jaco
    Expenditure based segmentation of South African biltong hunters.2011In: Expenditure based segmentation of South African biltong hunters., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 256. Van Wyk, M
    et al.
    Pienaar, Jaco
    Towards a research agenda for job insecurity in South Africa.2008In: Southern African Business Review, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 49-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 257. Van Wyk, Sumarie M
    et al.
    de Beer, Leon T.
    Pienaar, Jaco
    WorkWell Research Unit, North-West University, South Africa.
    Schaufeli, Wilmar B
    The psychometric properties of a workplace boredom scale (DUBS) within the South African context2016In: South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, ISSN 0258-5200, E-ISSN 2071-0763, Vol. 42, no 1, article id UNSP a1326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Orientation: Boredom at work has been shown to be a concern for individuals and organisations. At the time of this research, no validated scale was available to measure and investigate workplace boredom within the South African context. Research purpose: To determine the psychometric properties of the Dutch Boredom Scale (DUBS) within the South African context. Motivation for the study: No reliable and valid scale for workplace boredom was available in South Africa at the time of the current research. Boredom at work has been found to affect organisations negatively in other countries. Insights are needed into workplace boredom and how it affects the outcomes of organisations in South Africa. Research design, approach and method: A cross-sectional research approach was utilised. A random convenience sample (N = 490) was obtained from organisations within the manufacturing and logistics sector. In order to validate the DUBS, the factor structure, construct validity (convergent and discriminant validity) and scale reliability were investigated. A mediation model was also tested with structural equation modelling to ascertain predictive validity. Main findings: The results showed that the one-factor structure of the DUBS could be confirmed and that this factor had acceptable reliability. In terms of convergent validity, all of the item indicators loaded significantly on the workplace boredom construct, and the relationship between workplace boredom and work underload revealed that they were positively correlated with medium effect size. Furthermore, work engagement and organisational commitment were correlated negatively in terms of practical significance with workplace boredom. A structural mediation model showed that work underload was significantly and positively associated with boredom, which in turn had significant negative relations to both work engagement and organisational commitment. No significant direct relations were found from work underload to either work engagement or organisational commitment. Instead, bootstrapping showed that there was an indirect-only relationship from work underload to work engagement and organisational commitment through workplace boredom - indicating full mediation. Practical/managerial implications: Management should not neglect workplace boredom, as results indicate that it may adversely impact work engagement and organisational commitment. Therefore, workplace boredom should be a concern not only for individuals, but also for the organisation at large. Contribution/value-add: This study contributes to the limited research available on workplace boredom in South Africa by providing evidence of acceptable psychometric properties for a workplace boredom scale.

  • 258. von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    et al.
    Lundmark, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Inst, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasson, Henna
    The Dynamic Integrated Evaluation Model (DIEM): Achieving Sustainability in Organizational Intervention through a Participatory Evaluation Approach2016In: Stress and Health, ISSN 1532-3005, E-ISSN 1532-2998, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 285-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, there have been calls to develop ways of using a participatory approach when conducting interventions, including evaluating the process and context to improve and adapt the intervention as it evolves over time. The need to integrate interventions into daily organizational practices, thereby increasing the likelihood of successful implementation and sustainable changes, has also been highlighted. We propose an evaluation model-the Dynamic Integrated Evaluation Model (DIEM)-that takes this into consideration. In the model, evaluation is fitted into a co-created iterative intervention process, in which the intervention activities can be continuously adapted based on collected data. By explicitly integrating process and context factors, DIEM also considers the dynamic sustainability of the intervention over time. It emphasizes the practical value of these evaluations for organizations, as well as the importance of their rigorousness for research purposes.

  • 259. Wagnsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Augustsson, Christian
    Swedish youth football players' attitudes towards moral decision in sport as predicted by the parent-initiated motivational climate2016In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 25, p. 110-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine associations between late adolescent football players' perceptions of the motivational climate as initiated by mothers and fathers and attitudes towards moral decision making in sports.

    Design: Cross-sectional. Methods: Participants were 213 Swedish football players (144 males, 67 females) aged 16-19 years who completed measures assessing perceived parent-initiated motivational climate (i.e., success-without effort climate [SWEC]; worry conducive climate [WCC]; and learning/enjoyment climate [LEC]) and attitudes towards moral decision-making in sport (i.e., acceptance of cheating [AOC]; acceptance of gamesmanship [AOC.] and keeping winning in proportion [KWIP]).

    Results: Canonical correlations demonstrated moderate positive relations between parent initiated both mother and father performance climates (WCC and SWEC) and AOC and AOG. Moreover, the relationship between mother and father-initiated learning/enjoyment climate (LEC) were shown to be moderately and positively associated with the prosocial attitude dimension of KWIP. Results also showed that a mother-initiated LEC and a mother-initiated SWEC were stronger predictors of the criterion variables (AOC, AOG, and KWIP) than equivalent father-initiated climate dimensions.

    Conclusions: The results highlight the importance of considering the relationship between parent initiated climates especially initiated by mothers and the development of moral decision-making among youth football players. 

  • 260. Wallert, J
    et al.
    Held, C
    Madison, G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Olsson, E
    Myocardialinfarction and artificial time-constraint: a theoretical framework and nationalregistry study of yearly, monthly, and weekly incidence variation.2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 261. Wallert, J
    et al.
    Madison, G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Held, C
    Olsson, E
    Cognitive ability, lifestyle risk factors, and two-year mortality in first myocardial infarction men: a Swedish national registry study2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 262. Wallert, John
    et al.
    Gustafson, Emelie
    Held, Claes
    Madison, Guy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Norlund, Fredrika
    von Essen, Louise
    Olsson, Erik Martin Gustaf
    Predicting adherence to Internet-delivered psychotherapy for symptoms of depression and anxiety after myocardial infarction: machine learning insights from the U-CARE heart randomized controlled trial2018In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, ISSN 1438-8871, E-ISSN 1438-8871, Vol. 20, no 10, article id e10754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Low adherence to recommended treatments is a multifactorial problem for patients in rehabilitation after myocardial infarction (MI). In a nationwide trial of internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) for the high-risk subgroup of patients with MI also reporting symptoms of anxiety, depression, or both (MI-ANXDEP), adherence was low. Since low adherence to psychotherapy leads to a waste of therapeutic resources and risky treatment abortion in MI-ANXDEP patients, identifying early predictors for adherence is potentially valuable for effective targeted care. Objectives: The goal of the research was to use supervised machine learning to investigate both established and novel predictors for iCBT adherence in MI-ANXDEP patients. Methods: Data were from 90 MI-ANXDEP patients recruited from 25 hospitals in Sweden and randomized to treatment in the iCBT trial Uppsala University Psychosocial Care Programme (U-CARE) Heart study. Time point of prediction was at completion of the first homework assignment. Adherence was defined as having completed more than 2 homework assignments within the 14-week treatment period. A supervised machine learning procedure was applied to identify the most potent predictors for adherence available at the first treatment session from a range of demographic, clinical, psychometric, and linguistic predictors. The internal binary classifier was a random forest model within a 3x10-fold cross-validated recursive feature elimination (RFE) resampling which selected the final predictor subset that best differentiated adherers versus nonadherers. Results: Patient mean age was 58.4 years (SD 9.4), 62% (56/90) were men, and 48% (43/90) were adherent. Out of the 34 potential predictors for adherence, RFE selected an optimal subset of 56% (19/34; Accuracy 0.64, 95% CI 0.61-0.68, P<.001). The strongest predictors for adherence were, in order of importance, (1) self-assessed cardiac-related fear, (2) sex, and (3) the number of words the patient used to answer the first homework assignment. Conclusions: For developing and testing effective iCBT interventions, investigating factors that predict adherence is important. Adherence to iCBT for MI-ANXDEP patients in the U-CARE Heart trial was best predicted by cardiac-related fear and sex, consistent with previous research, but also by novel linguistic predictors from written patient behavior which conceivably indicate verbal ability or therapeutic alliance. Future research should investigate potential causal mechanisms and seek to determine what underlying constructs the linguistic predictors tap into. Whether these findings replicate for other interventions outside of Sweden, in larger samples, and for patients with other conditions who are offered iCBT should also be investigated.

  • 263. Wehling, Eike I.
    et al.
    Lundervold, Astri J.
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wollschlaeger, Daniel
    Longitudinal Changes in Familiarity, Free and Cued Odor Identification, and Edibility Judgments for Odors in Aging Individuals2016In: Chemical Senses, ISSN 0379-864X, E-ISSN 1464-3553, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 155-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study investigated changes in olfaction as assessed by a set of tasks requiring different aspects of semantic information in normal aging individuals. Using 16 odorous items from a standardized olfactory test, the Scandinavian Odor Identification Test, 107 middle aged and older adults were assessed up to three times over a period of 6.5 years, requesting them to rate familiarity and edibility for each odorous item before identifying it with or without presenting verbal cues. Using linear mixed models, the longitudinal analyses revealed significant correlations between all olfactory measures. Furthermore, we found an almost parallel age-related decline in all olfactory tasks, although free identification performance indicated a trend toward faster decline with age. Women showed less decline compared with men, in particular for edibility judgments. The results corroborate earlier cross-sectional findings showing significant correlations between the olfactory tasks. In the present study of healthy middle-aged and older adults, we found a parallel longitudinal decline across different tests of olfaction.

  • 264. Wehling, Eike I.
    et al.
    Wollschlaeger, Daniel
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundervold, Astri J.
    Longitudinal Changes in Odor Identification Performance and Neuropsychological Measures in Aging Individuals2016In: Neuropsychology, ISSN 0894-4105, E-ISSN 1931-1559, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 87-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine changes in odor identification performance and cognitive measures in healthy aging individuals. While cross-sectional studies reveal associations between odor identification and measures of episodic memory, processing speed, and executive function, longitudinal studies so far have been ambiguous with regard to demonstrating that odor identification may be predictive of decline in cognitive function.

    Method: One hundred and 7 healthy aging individuals (average age 60.2 years, 71% women) were assessed with an odor identification test and nonolfactory cognitive measures of verbal episodic memory, mental processing speed, executive function, and language 3 times, covering a period of 6.5 years.

    Results: The cross-sectional results revealed odor identification performance to be associated with age, measures of verbal episodic memory, and processing speed. Using linear mixed models, the longitudinal analyses revealed age-associated decline in all measures. Controlling for retest effects, the analyses demonstrated that gender was a significant predictor for episodic memory and mental processing speed. Odor identification performance was further shown to be a significant predictor for episodic verbal memory.

    Conclusion: This study shows age-related decline in odor identification as well as nonolfactory cognitive measures. The finding showing that odor identification is a significant predictor for verbal episodic memory is of great clinical interest as odor identification has been suggested as a sensitive measure of incipient pathologic cognitive decline.

  • 265.
    Wiberg, Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Betydelsen av kunskap och medvetenhet om subjektiv tidsuppfattning2015In: SeniorPsykologen, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 266. Wiklund-Hörnqvist, Carola
    et al.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Test bidrar till effektiv inlärning2015In: Vägen ut ur skolkrisen / [ed] Mats Bergstrand, eddy.se ab , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE). Luleå University of Technology, Sweden .
    An exchange approach on firm cooperative orientation and outcomes of strategic multilateral network participants2008In: Group & Organization Management, ISSN 1059-6011, E-ISSN 1552-3993, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 303-329Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on exchange theory, this study develops and tests a model that explores the associations among strategic multilateral network participants' cooperative orientations (contributions to and benefits from network partners) and network connectedness, entrepreneurial behavior, and firm performance. Empirical analyses of 54 firms in two strategic multilateral networks show that the two firm orientations of benefiting from and contributing to the network are positively related to each other. Results substantiate the expected association between benefiting orientations and firm performance and confirm the nonsignificant relationship between contributing orientations and firm performance. The indirect performance path, where cooperative orientations were proposed to influence performance via network connectedness and entrepreneurial behavior, was not supported. Implications and suggestions for future research on firm cooperative orientations are presented.

  • 268.
    Wirén, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Johansson, Alexander
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    ACTUA!: Sudden gains i internetbehandling av depression2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity and behavioral activation has been shown in previous research to be effective in the treatment of depressive disorders. The purpose of ACTUA was to evaluate an Internet-based self-help program with therapist support via e-mail. A total of 71 individuals with major depressive disorder were randomized into four treatment groups, two of which contained physical activity (FA), two others comprised of behavioral activation (BA) and one waiting list. The treatment program consisted of eight modules and they were distributed to participants during a 12 week treatment period. Sudden gains, which is a phenomenon that is generally considered to influence the final outcome of treatment for an individual in a positive way was detected in 47 (66%) participants treatment process. A correlation between the occurrence of sudden gains and overall improvement during treatment could not be demonstrated in this study and there was no association between the occurrence of sudden gains and type of treatment. 

  • 269.
    Yacoub, Jocelyne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Odor detection sensitivity and response bias in relation to aspects of health2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chemical intolerance (CI) means that the affected individual experience symptoms from the smell of the weak concentrations of conventional chemicals in the environment that most people are not bothered by. This study aimed to examine whether response bias (beta) and sensitivity index (d´) for odor detection correlate with self-rated health, CI, stress and distress. The questionnaires that were used to answer the question were self-rated health (SRH), CI (assessed with the Chemical Sensitivity Scale), stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and distress (Symptom Check List-90). A group of 23 adult individuals between the ages of 18 to 55 years expected to vary in degree of CI were exposed to various concentration of n-butanol for a signal detection test for about 2 hours. The data processing was done by correlational analyses. The results showed no statistically significant correlations between beta and the variables SRH, CI, stress and distress, but tendencies of significant correlations between d´ and the variables SRH, CI and stress, such that individuals who were high in CI, stress and who generally felt poorly had a lower odor sensitivity (d´). These tendencies encourage continued study of the associations with larger sample size.    

  • 270.
    Yepes-Baldó, Montserrat
    et al.
    Universitat de Barcelona.
    Romeo, Marina
    Universitat de Barcelona.
    Westerberg, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Job crafting, employee well-being, and quality of care2018In: Western Journal of Nursing Research, ISSN 0193-9459, E-ISSN 1552-8456, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 52-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective is to study the effects of job crafting activities of elder care and nursing home employees on their perceived well-being and quality of care in two European countries, Spain and Sweden. The Job Crafting, the General Health, and the Quality of Care questionnaires were administered to 530 employees. Correlations and hierarchical regression analyses were performed. Results confirm the effects of job crafting on quality of care (r = .291, p < .01; β = .261, p < .01; ΔR2 = .065, p < .01) and employees’ well-being (r = .201, p < .01; β = .171, p < .01; ΔR2 = .028, p < .01). A positive linear relationship was found between job crafting and well-being in Spain and Sweden and with quality of care in Spain. On the contrary, in Sweden, the relationship between job crafting and well-being was not linear. Job crafting contributes significantly to employees’ and residents’ well-being. Management should promote job crafting to co-create meaningful and productive work. Cultural effects are proposed to explain the differences found.

  • 271. Zajenkoswski, M
    et al.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ledzinska, M
    Cognitive processes in Time perspective2015In: Time perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application: Essays in Honor of Philip G. Zimbardo / [ed] Stolarski, Maciej, Fieulaine, Nicolas, van Beek, Wessel, New York: New York: Springer , 2015, p. 243-255Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we explore the role of cognitive processes in time perspective. Extending previous findings, we present how individual differences in time orientation are related to intelligence, goal-directed behaviour, executive control and meta-cognition. First, we show that present fatalistic TP is negatively related to intelligence, and that future-oriented individuals tend to have higher general abilities. Further, we present the data, proving that risk taking is negatively correlated with the future positive scale. Another finding discussed here is that working memory development is a strong predictor of temporal orientation. Children who have efficient working memory updating functions in early school age exhibit higher tendency toward future positive when they are adolescents. Finally, our studies indicate, that time perspectives tend to correlate with meta-cognitive skills, knowledge and experiences, suggesting that the temporal orientation influences meta-cognition.

  • 272. Zambianchi, M.G
    et al.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The relevance of time perspective for attitudes toward technologies in old age2014In: II International Conference on Time Perspective, Warsaw, Poland, 29 th July,-1th August, Warsawa, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 273.
    Álvarez, Bernardo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The relationship of self-reported reading habits and declarative memory2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined the possibility that reading books might support declarative memory, and potentially contribute to the cognitive reserve and thereby minimize age-related decline in memory functions. It was a crosssectional study, where data were taken from 566 Betula Study participants, as well as the scores of declarative memory assessment tasks, and book reading reports. The tasks of episodic memory were sentence learning with and without encoding enactment –free and cued recall. The tasks of semantic memory were word fluency, initial letter A, M fivewords, B profession names, and SRB –vocabulary. Three-way analysis of variance was performed for hypothesis testing. The results showed that book reading might support declarative memory. There was a significant relationship between education and book reading. Was not found if book reading might minimize age-related decline. In conclusion, the study showed that book reading and years of education might support declarative memory.

  • 274.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Exploring multiple concepts of psychological time in relation to anxiety2014In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 60, p. S11-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Time is a central part of human experience. Different timing functions are vital for adequate behavioral outcomes, and individual differences in time perspective can be associated with both well-being and mental distress.The aim of this study is to discuss several aspects of temporal processing in relation to anxiety. Specifically, our findings suggest that moderate anxiety is associated with systematic biases in Future Negative- and Past Negative time perspectives. Further, in exploring the possible underlying mechanisms that mediate time perspective in anxiety, preliminary data on the relationship between aspects of cognitive control (inhibition), time perspective and anxiety will be presented. The findings will be discussed according to their clinical and theoretical implications.

  • 275.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Exploring the links between time perspective, anxiety, rumination and aspects of cognitive control2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 276.
    Åström, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Adelmann, Siri
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    DAILY THOUGHTS OF LEAVING THE PROFESSION AMONGST NEWLY GRADUATED PSYCHOLOGISTS2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to investigate how thoughts of leaving the profession amongst newly graduated psychologists were influenced by different factors, such as Basic psychological needs (BPN), Job satisfaction, and perceived preparation and support in the transitions from 1) studies to supervised practice (from here on referred to as the Swedish term PTP) and 2) from supervised practice to working as licensed psychologist. This was investigated based on a resource and motivation perspective including Job-Demands Resources theory and Self- Determination theory. A questionnaire was distributed to psychologists within three years from date of graduation (n=1077). The present sample included 529 psychologists either licenced or PTP. A binary logistic regression demonstrated that higher perceived levels of support and preparation in the transition from education to PTP (Transition 1), was negatively related to thoughts of leaving the profession. The influence of Transition 1 lost its significance when the dimensions of the BPNs were added for the PTP sample, and when the transition from PTP to licensed (Transition 2) was added as a predictor for the licensed psychologists. Transition 2 for the licensed psychologists was no longer significant when adding the BPNs. Higher levels of Job satisfaction were negatively related to thoughts of leaving the profession only among licensed psychologists. The results indicate that the influence of BPNs should not be underestimated in this kind of study nor during the first years in the profession. 

  • 277.
    Çöltekin, Arzu
    et al.
    Department of Geography, University of Zurich.
    Francelet, Rebecca
    Department of Geography, University of Zurich.
    Richter, Kai-Florian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.
    Thoresen, John
    Laboratory of Behavioural Genetics, Brain Mind Institute, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL).
    Fabrikant, Sara Irina
    Department of Geography, University of Zurich.
    The effects of visual realism, spatial abilities, and competition on performance in map-based route learning in men2018In: Cartography and Geographic Information Science, ISSN 1523-0406, E-ISSN 1545-0465, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 339-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on how visual realism might influence map-based route learning performance in a controlled laboratory experiment with 104 male participants in a competitive context. Using animations of a dot moving through routes of interest, we find that participants recall the routes more accurately with abstract road maps than with more realistic satellite maps. We also find that, irrespective of visual realism, participants with higher spatial abilities (high-spatial participants) are more accurate in memorizing map-based routes than participants with lower spatial abilities (low-spatial participants). On the other hand, added visual realism limits high-spatial participants in their route recall speed, while it seems not to influence the recall speed of low-spatial participants. Competition affects participants’ overall confidence positively, but does not affect their route recall performance neither in terms of accuracy nor speed. With this study, we provide further empirical evidence demonstrating that it is important to choose the appropriate map type considering task characteristics and spatial abilities. While satellite maps might be perceived as more fun to use, or visually more attractive than road maps, they also require more cognitive resources for many map-based tasks, which is true even for high-spatial users.

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