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  • 251. Eriksson, Mathilda
    et al.
    Brännlund, Runar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Lundgren, Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Pricing forest carbon: implications of asymmetry in climate policy2018In: Journal of Forest Economics, ISSN 1104-6899, E-ISSN 1618-1530, Vol. 32, p. 84-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using an integrated assessment model, we examine the implications of climate policies that do not fully recognize forest carbon. Specifically, we first investigate the impact of an asymmetric policy that recognizes carbon emissions from fossil fuels while fully ignoring forest carbon. Next, we investigate the relative importance of not recognizing emissions from a reduction in the stock of forest biomass compared to not recognizing sequestration from the growth of forest biomass. We show that asymmetric carbon policies lead to lower levels of welfare, as well as higher emissions and carbon prices. This occurs because the forest resource will be allocated inefficiently under these carbon policies. Broadly, we find that when the social planner does not account for emissions or sequestration from the forest, the planner will set bioenergy levels that are too high and afforestation and avoided deforestation levels that are too low. Our results further reveal that not recognizing forest emissions leads to larger welfare losses than not recognizing sequestration.

  • 252.
    Eriksson, Mathilda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Vesterberg, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    When not in the best of worlds: uncertainty and forest carbon sequestration2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is argued that the forest can provide low-cost options to reduce the atmospheric CO2 concentration. However, many dimensions of the future dynamics of the forest, and its interactions with climate change are still not well understood. This paper provides new insights into how these types of uncertainties affect the optimal climate policy. We model uncertainty over several key forest parameters by using the novel state-contingent approach. Our main results show that the importance of including optimal forest controls in climate policy increases when the dynamics of the forest are uncertain. Ignoring uncertainties concerning the forest will lead to biased estimates of the social costs of carbon and be misleading when evaluating climate policies. Conversely, recognizing forest uncertainties and its potential to mitigate climate change will lead to a robust policy where the cost of uncertainty to a large extent can be avoided.

  • 253. Eriksson, Max
    et al.
    Hansson-Forman, Katarina
    Ericsson, Göran
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Viltvårdsavgiften: En studie av svenskarnas vilja att betala det statliga jaktkortet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Viltvårdsavgiften ska enligt Jaktförordningen (SFS 1987:905, 49 §) betalas av alla över 18 år som jagar i Sverige. Avgiften är 300 kr och gäller för ett jaktår, vilket omfattar tiden 1 juli–30 juni. Det statliga jaktkortet är ett kvitto på att denna avgift är betald. Under de senaste decennierna har antalet personer som löser det statliga jaktkortet minskat. I den här rapporten, som är ett utredningsuppdrag från Naturvårdsverket till Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU), undersöks varför antalet personer som löser jaktkort minskar, och om antalet jaktkortslösare som ägnar sig åt jakt också minskat över tid. Rapporten omfattar endast personer bosatta i Sverige.

  • 254.
    Eriksson, Max
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Umeå.
    Direct experience and attitude change towards bears and wolves2015In: Wildlife Biology, ISSN 0909-6396, E-ISSN 1903-220X, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 131-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding how changes in the sizes of large carnivore populations affect the attitudes of the public is vital in order to mitigate social conflicts over large carnivore management issues. Using data from two Swedish postal surveys in 2004 and 2009, we examined the probable social effects of a continued increase in the Swedish populations of bear and wolf by comparing levels of direct experience of bears and wolves with public attitudes towards these animals. We report an increase in direct experience of bears and wolves, lower levels of acceptance of the existence of these animals, and a lower degree of support for the policy goals of both species in 2009 compared to 2004. We also find that these changes are more prominent in areas with local carnivore populations than in other areas of Sweden. Our results imply that attitudes towards bears and wolves are likely to become more negative as populations continue to grow. The uneven distributions of the carnivore populations are likely to generate more frequent social conflicts in the future as they could cause an increase in the attitudinal divide between those members of the Swedish public who have had direct experiences of carnivores and those who have not.

  • 255.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sverige och övergången till klassifikationssystemet DDC: Problematiken med hylluppställning ur ett användarperspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett antal bibliotek i Sverige, med Kungliga biblioteket i spetsen, har tagit beslut att byta klassifikationssystem från SAB-systemet till Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC). Den aspekt på denna övergång som utreds här är att ur ett användarperspektiv utvärdera Kungliga bibliotekets förslag på hylluppställningar som biblioteken kan använda sig av vid en övergång till DDC. Först jämför jag hur SAB och DDC:s huvudklasser skiljer sig åt och därefter diskuterar jag de olika hylluppställningarna ur ett användarperspektiv.

     

    SAB-systemet har 25 huvudklasser och DDC endast tio. Detta innebär att SAB-systemet har mer utkristalliserade ämnen i sina huvudklasser, medan DDC behandlar fler ämnen i varje huvudklass. SAB-systemet har fokus på humanistiska ämnen, medan naturvetenskapliga ämnen hamnar längre ned i systemet. DDC är mer sammansatt och inte lika tydligt humanistisk i sin uppbyggnad. De naturvetenskapliga ämnena prioriteras högre i DDC.

     

    De hylluppställningsförslag som är aktuella och som diskuteras bland biblioteken är ren DDC-uppställning, bruten hylluppställning, blandad hylluppställning eller behålla befintliga system. Förslaget att införa ren DDC-uppställning innebär att all litteratur måste omklassificeras enligt DDC. Bruten hylluppställning innebär att den äldre litteraturen får stå kvar med samma hylluppställning som tidigare medan den nya litteraturen ställs upp enligt DDC. Blandad uppställning innebär att alla böcker ställs tillsammans på hyllorna, men den äldre litteraturen omklassificeras inte utan får behålla samma koder som tidigare. Att behålla samma hylluppställningssystem som tidigare eller använda sig av något helt annat system är också ett alternativ. Detta förslag innebär dock att klassificeringen av bibliotekens material inte kommer att ha något att göra med hylluppställningen och i och med det uppkommer en annan fråga; finns det någon mening att använda sig av ett klassifikationssystem som sedan inte kommer att användas vid uppställningen av bibliotekets material? Utifrån dessa förslag på hylluppställningar som kungliga biblioteket presenterar så är det mest användarvänliga att ha samma hylluppställning som klassifikationssystem. Men detta innebär också mest jobb för biblioteken och det förslag som istället diskuteras flitigast är blandad uppställning. Det förslaget kan ses som den gyllene medelvägen för både låntagare och bibliotek. Låntagarna får de böcker som behandlar samma ämne samlade på samma ställe vilket ger en bra översikt i hyllan och dessutom sparar detta förslag tid för biblioteken i arbetet med övergången till DDC. Det mest användarvänliga på sikt är dock en total övergång till DDC-hylluppställning.

  • 256.
    Evengård, Birgitta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology.
    Nymand Larsen, JoanPaasche, Øyvind
    The new Arctic2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Evertsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Perlinski, Marek
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Rexvid, Devin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Can complexity in welfare professionals' work be handled with standardised professional knowledge?2017In: Social and caring professions in European welfare states: policies, services and professional practices / [ed] Björn Blom, Lars Evertsson and Marek Perlinski, Bristol: Policy Press, 2017, p. 209-221Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Evertsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nyman, Charlott
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    On the other side of couplehood: single women in Sweden exploring life without a partner2013In: Families, Relationships and Societies, ISSN 2046-7435, E-ISSN 2046-7443, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 61-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes Swedish women’s experiences of life as single. Data showed that singlehood was not actively chosen but rather a situation that participants ended up in due to separation from a partner. However, once single, participants chose to remain single. The lack of gender equality in traditional cohabiting couplehood made participants wary about entering a new cohabiting couple relationship. Living apart together (LAT) relationships were identified  as a possible way to combine gender-equal intimacy with personal freedom and independence. Data suggested that the increased number of single women may not necessarily point to an increased desirability of singleness per se, nor to a rejection of coupled intimacy. Singlehood was rather a rejection of the limitations associated with cohabiting couplehood. The article highlights the importance of the Swedish welfare state for making it possible for women toremain single, even those with dependent children.

  • 259.
    Fahlgren, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Strävan efter det legitima polisväsendet: En jämförande studie mellan tre postkonfliktländer2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 260.
    Fahlgren, Siv
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det sociala livets drama och dess manus: diskursanalys, kön och sociala avvikelser1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We are the eyes of our discourses. This is the point of departure. The disourses make us see, think, talk, act. be and move in certain ways. They contribute to forming our bodies, our souls, our genders. Therefore, to consider how such discourses are ordered becomes an important project. How is the manuscript of the social drama written? How is meaning constructed in our lives? What effects may the construction of meaning have? The ensuing research assignment will be to design a discourse analysis which is justifiable from the perspectives of gender theory and ethics and which can function as a research strategy, and to apply that discourse analysis to three areas or texts: a traditional social science text, texts from the contemporary discussion about gender theory, and a story of my own from social work with children.

    First, a frame centered around the philosophy of language and the theory of knowledge is constructed to encircle the discourse analysis as a research strategy, and then the analysis is described out of an example. The first application—to a classic, sociological text—clearly illus­trates how a disourse analysis can be made, and it also demonstrates how gendered meanings can be constituted and discursively reproduced in social science texts as well as what potential effects the constitution of meaning can have. This application makes up an illustration of how gender differences are constructed and naturalised in a concurrence of discourse and practice.

    The second application is a discursive reading of the contemporary discussion about gender theory and its various gendered meanings and varying effects. Here I posit my own view of gender/sex in relation to that discussion. Both in scholarly work and in everyday life there are discursive controversies about which gendered meaning to naturalise, about which drama to enact, about which manuscript to use. The discourse analysis can visualise such controversies.

    In the third application of the discourse analysis, the relation between discourse and practice is focused. It concerns social work with children and departs from my own story about a child who is taken into custody. In the analysis, social work is described as paradoxical and contra­dictory, a discipline whose governing purpose is the maintenance and administration of central social values and orders like class, gender, and ethnicity (here focused on gender).

    The discourse analysis in the three applications opens up opportunities for a discussion and an ethical reflection about how discursive constitutions are made and what effects they have. Contrarily, the analysis also demonstrates what discursive constitutions aggravate or silence in reference to other approaches or modes of expression, and consequential forms of social practices, relations, life styles, and ways of life.

  • 261.
    Farokhian, Suzana
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Zadonsky, Shirie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reformation of a user-interface from a cognitive science perspective2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Current computer-based medical systems used in health care, such as analysis programs, has evolved which has redirected the focus to creating user-interfaces based on cognitive theories, to enhance the usability for the end-user. Which cognitive science theories can be applied to interfaces of analysis programs, focusing on a search function of data, the settings of initial parameters and visual representation of data (in this study, programs specifically for motion detection) to optimize the usability for the end-user? This study has a total of 8 participants, who underwent 2 evaluations of MoLabTM, an analysis program. The evaluation consisted of an observation study followed by a semi-structured interview, consisting of 10 questions. After the first evaluation, the problems were compiled, hence 10 guidelines were raised based on numerous cognitive science theories. The guidelines were used to reform the current design of the analysis program and create a low-fidelity prototype. The low-fidelity prototype was later evaluated by 5 of the previous participants, which showed an experienced improvement of the usability of the analysis program. Afterwards a high-fidelity prototype was created. The results of this study show that by using cognitive science theories in analysis programs (focusing on search function of data, settings of initial parameters and visual representation of data), in the form of guidelines, optimizes the usability for the enduser. In further research, other parts of analysis programs or other programs can be investigated using the raised cognitive guidelines, to study if it optimizes the usability for the end-user.

  • 262.
    Fejes, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Berglund, Gun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Employability: significant signs of the present2010In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 11-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Employability has gained renewed attention in contemporary political discussions during the last ten years. The concept has emerged as a signifier which has replaced the previous way of describing the workforce, thereby producing different kinds of pictures of whom is a desirable worker. This article aims to gain a broader understanding of how discourses on employability position care workers in elderly care as responsible for their own employability. Drawing on the Foucauldian concept of governmentality, transnational policy texts and interview transcripts from interviews with care workers are analysed and compared. The main questions are: How are care workers in elderly care made responsible for their own employability and how does this relate to the responsibility assigned to entities such as employers and the state?

  • 263. Fejes, Andreas
    et al.
    Berglund, Gun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Employability: Significant signs of the present2009In: Proceedings of the third International Conference on Training, Employability and Employment, 16-17 June 2009, Karlstad: Karlstad University , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Felton, Adam
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Nilsson, Urban
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sonesson, Johan
    Skogforsk.
    Felton, Annika M.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Ahlström, Martin
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Bergh, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Björkman, Christer
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Boberg, Johanna
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Drössler, Lars
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Fahlvik, Nils
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Gong, Peichen
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Holmström, Emma
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Klapwijk, Maartje
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Lundmark, Tomas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Niklasson, Mats
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)/Foundation Nordens Ark.
    Nordin, Annika
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Pettersson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Stenlid, Jan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Wallertz, Kristina
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Replacing monocultures with mixed-species stands: Ecosystem service implications of two production forest alternatives in Sweden2016In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, p. 124-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas there is evidence that mixed-species approaches to production forestry in general can provide positive outcomes relative to monocultures, it is less clear to what extent multiple benefits can be derived from specific mixed-species alternatives. To provide such insights requires evaluations of an encompassing suite of ecosystem services, biodiversity, and forest management considerations provided by specific mixtures and monocultures within a region. Here, we conduct such an assessment in Sweden by contrasting even-aged Norway spruce (Picea abies)-dominated stands, with mixed-species stands of spruce and birch (Betula pendula or B. pubescens), or spruce and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). By synthesizing the available evidence, we identify positive outcomes from mixtures including increased biodiversity, water quality, esthetic and recreational values, as well as reduced stand vulnerability to pest and pathogen damage. However, some uncertainties and risks were projected to increase, highlighting the importance of conducting comprehensive interdisciplinary evaluations when assessing the pros and cons of mixtures.

  • 265. Ficko, Andrej
    et al.
    Lidestav, Gun
    Ní Dhubháin, A
    Karppinen, Heimo
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    European private forest owner typologies: a review of methods and use2019In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 99, p. 21-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing diversity of non-industrial private forest owners (PFOs) in Europe has been recognized by policy makers and the forestry sector at large. Typologies of these owners have been developed to provide an understanding of the diversity of owners' attitudes, values, beliefs, management objectives and behaviour. We analyzed PFO typologies from 28 European countries published from 1985 to 2015 in peer-reviewed journals and grey literature with respect to 1) research approaches and methods used; 2) typology objectives and problems addressed; 3) policy and management recommendations given. Using an on-line questionnaire we asked the first authors of the most relevant publications to retrospectively assess 4) the use of their typologies in education, science and forest policy. Most of the 66 publications reviewed share the common objective of providing a better understanding of forest ownership. Typologies were also developed to address roundwood mobilization, delivery of public goods, forest management approaches, involvement in PFO associations and entrepreneurship. The most common methodological approach was quantitative where owners were grouped by k-means clustering into 2 to 6 types and labelled with various names. Most frequently used labels were Multiobjective owners, Recreationists, Investors, Farmers, Indifferent owners, Conservationists, Multifunctional owners and Self-employed owners. Policy implications remain vague. The typologies had mostly been used in teaching and occasionally by politicians, civil servants or stake-holders. Only a half of the typologies had a follow-up study or was updated over time by the authors. After decades of classifying PFOs, it seems necessary to explore the link between typologies and forest owners' overt behaviour.

  • 266.
    Flacking, Renee
    et al.
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Educ Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden.
    Jerden, Lars
    Sweden Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Sweden.
    Bergström, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Starrin, Bengt
    Karlstad Univ, Fac Arts & Social Sci, Dept Social & Psychol Studies, Karlstad, Sweden.
    'In or Out'-On the Dynamic between Acceptance and Rejection and its Influence on Health in Adolescent Girls2014In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 291-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescent girls' subjective health, or well-being, is of international concern as the frequency of psychological and psychosomatic complaints is continuously increasing in several countries world-wide. The causes of this development are still obscure. The aim of this study was to explore well-being and strategies for increased well-being among adolescent girls. Grounded Theory method was used, in which in-depth interviews were held with 18 adolescent girls, 17-18 years of age. Results showed that striving for acceptance and avoiding rejection were central for their well-being. When rejection was experienced, emotions of stress-shame were recognized, a phenomena we call the stress-shame cycle. In the struggle to prevent rejection and to become accepted, the girls strived to boost their social attractiveness by impression management.

  • 267.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Gender subversion and the early Christian East: reconstructing the Byzantine comic mine2015In: Laughter, humor, and the (un)making of gender: historical and cultural perspectives / [ed] Anna Foka and Jonas Liliequist, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 66-83Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 268.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Introduction: Part I : Laughter, humor, and misogyny : reconsiderations and new perspectives2015In: Laughter, humor, and the (un)making of gender: historical and cultural perspectives / [ed] Anna Foka and Jonas Liliequist, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 7-12Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 269.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Material Girls: Humor and Female Professional Seduction in Greek Literature and Culture2014In: Eugesta: Journal of Gender Studies in Antiquity, ISSN 2156-2253, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current scholarship typically views the ancient Greek prostitute/ courtesan figure as an artificially manipulated, sexualized body motivated by material profit. By examining fragments of Middle Comedy and their echoes in post-classical antiquity, this article proposes an alternative view of courtesans and prostitutes as professionals of emotional labor. Through narrative analysis, I show that the Greek comic portrayal of courtesans is multifaceted and not sufficiently illuminated by discussions of their subjectivity, aesthetic modifications, and greed but also extends to the realm of their emotions. Intersecting gender and humor theories with the concept of Emotional Labor (Hochschild 1983), I then argue that these figures can be seen to comically modify their appearance and behavior in order to reflect contemporary ideological and cultural standards of female sexual conduct. Viewing humor as a communicative tool for social hierarchies consequently facilitates a more complex analysis of attitudes towards the commercialization of bodies and emotions in Greek literature and culture.

  • 270.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Digital gender: a manifesto: report on the research workshop: digital gender: theory, methodology, and practice2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While early day Internet research often hailed “Cyberspace” as an arena where individuals would be liberated from the social shackles of their biological gender, a growing body of research makes evident the exaggerations present within these romanticized claims. Though the online gender divide is rapidly eroding, the Internet remains rooted in society at large. While digital technologies can challenge normative views, they therefore often maintain status quo. Consequently, there is a need to revisit old claims and challenge traditional notions of ”Digital Gender”. In this vein, this manifesto reports and synthesizes findings and discussions from an international workshop titled ”Digital Gender: Theory, Methodology and Practice”, held at Umeå University, Sweden, in early 2014. Against this backdrop, we chart out a new agenda for research on how the digital intermingle with the social in the production of gender. In particular, we argue that scholars must move past the idea of Internet as a separate – virtual – realm and direct attention to the increasingly complex ways that digital technologies permeate social practices, altering the very fabric of society itself. On the one hand, we stress the need for research that focuses on how particular Internet technologies help maintain as well as challenge normative views of gender. On the other hand, we stress the need to uncover how particular material properties of digital technology affect the (un)making of such views. Overall, we also stress the need for scholars of gender to move beyond binary oppositions and to be appreciative of intersectionality in their analyses of digital gender construction.

  • 271.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Liliequist, JonasUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Laughter, humor and the (un)making of gender: historical and cultural perspectives2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A fresh look at longstanding questions, across a temporal range (classical antiquity to the early modern) and a geographical range (Asia to Europe, Islam to Christendom). The optimistic investigators find gender subversion, women's agency, and men's self-criticism in comic forms from high (Homer) to low (folklore, burlesque, jokes, cartoons), imagining a complex audience.

    Humor is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. Throughout history, it has played a crucial role in defining gender roles and identities. This collection offers an in-depth thematic examination of this relationship between humor and gender, spanning a variety of historical and cultural backdrops. Bringing together a medley of case studies diachronically and across cultures, the book examines gendered humorous expressions from classical antiquity to the late eighteenth century and across visual culture, literature and performance in both European and Asian premodern contexts.

  • 272.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Pufendorf Institute, Lund University, Sweden.
    Misharina, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Beyond humanities qua digital: Spatial and material development for digital research infrastructures2018In: Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, ISSN 2055-7671, E-ISSN 2055-768X, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 264-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities around the world have increasingly turned to digital infrastructures as a way to revamp the arts and humanities. This article contributes a fresh understanding by examining the material development of HumlabX, a research laboratory for digital humanities at Umeå University, Sweden. Specifically, we approach the empirical case as a timeline of research funding, projects, events, and deliverables to examine how the research laboratory as an organizational and material space developed and evolved in relation to new technology investments. Based on our analysis, we argue that while digital research infrastructures can, indeed, stimulate innovation in and around research, aimed to produce new knowledge, digital technologies carry social and material implications that affect organizational processes. We show that while knowledge production processes at HumlabX were highly influenced by the infrastructural legacy of the past, they indeed directed scholars toward innovation. By discussing these implications in detail, we move beyond the debate of humanities qua digital, and demonstrate the need for scholars of digital humanities to engage in the development of policies for digital research infrastructures. Using a Swedish case study, we argue that research laboratories for the digital humanities must be scrutinized and should be fully exposed as socio-material organizations that develop, and should develop, over time. In particular, we stress the need to ensure that digital humanities laboratories are sustainable and open for redevelopment.

  • 273.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Fältanteckningar om magasinerade flickminnen och ett ambivalent tjejblivande2013In: Finsk tidskrift : kultur, ekonomi, politik, ISSN 0015-248X, no 7/8, p. 33-41Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jösses flickor, vilket trassel!: Historiska reflektioner kring flickforskningens uppgift i en flickfrämjande och postfeministisk tid2013In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 2-3, p. 7-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oh Boy Girls, What a Tangle! Historical Reflections on the Value of Girlhood Studies in a Girl-Friendly and Post-Feminist Time

    Using the recent establishment of the International Day of the Girl Child as an analytical departure point this article addresses three different but intertwined challenges which Girlhood Studies are facing in relation to the contemporary construction of the girl as an important agent for social change. The construction of a historically significant girl represents a significant historical change, which requires further historical analysis and reflection. Seeking to untangle this temporal problem the article first discusses a number of problematic implications caused by the historiographical emphasis of the “invisibility of girls” within the research field. Furthermore, it discusses how this narrative of invisibility also has infused the ideals, norms and discourses among girlhood researchers. In the article I argue that this narrative represents a risk in relation to the current neo-liberal centering of the girl, as it might entail a tendency to approach all instances where the girl is noticed as a girl in an uncritical manner. The article then analyses how historians have framed the writing of the history of girls and girlhood. A project in which there seems to be an emancipatory ambition to affix a kind of eternal value to the girl, which can be viewed to be in correspondence with contemporary girl power discourses. The article thereafter discusses some historical aspects regarding the relationship between Girlhood Studies and Women’s and Gender Studies both in an international and in a Swedish context. I conclude the article by exemplifying how a more theoretical understanding of girls, girlhood and generation could be used as a framework in the investigation of the Nordic experience of forty years of gender equality politics.

  • 275.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Spröda kvarlevor av växtvärk: Tori Amos besjungande av levd flickerfarenhet2013In: Flicktion: perspektiv på flickan i fiktionen / [ed] Eva Söderberg, Mia Österlund och Bodil Formark, Malmö: Universus Academic Press , 2013, p. 258-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 276.
    Formark, Bodil
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Mulari, HetaVoipio, Myry
    Nordic girlhoods: new perspectives and outlooks2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited collection is an interdisciplinary and dialogical endeavor focused on the field of Nordic Girlhood Studies. It investigates young femininity as well as the key themes and concepts of Girlhood Studies, including girl power, feminisms, femininity, gender equality, postfeminism and sexualities in the specific cultural, historical and political context of the Nordic region. The chapters of the book consist of thematic case studies, including memories of girl power in the Finnish context, gendered harassment experienced and explained by Finnish girls, troublesome girlhood within the Swedish context and girls’ subjectification projects in Nordic welfare state. Further, the case studies are accompanied by dialogical Outlook-essays, where researchers either outside Nordic region or from adjacent research fields reflect on Nordic Girlhood Studies through comparisons and reflections form their vantage point. The book will be of scholarly interest to researchers and students working especially on the fields of Girlhood Studies, Youth Studies, Gender Studies, Sociology and Cultural Studies both within the Nordic region and outside.

  • 277.
    Fors Connolly, Filip
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Goossen, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Does Gender Equality Cause Gender Differences in Values?: Reassessing the Gender-Equality-Personality Paradox2019In: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Gender-Equality-Personality Paradox (GEPP) is the finding that gender differences in personality are at their largest in the most gender equal countries. Previous known studies have not examined this relationship over time. Examining this linkage is crucial to our understanding of gender differences and personality development. In the present study, we contrast evolutionary perspectives predicting a gender divergence in personality due to progression in gender equality against biosocial perspectives predicting convergence. Using data from all eight rounds of the European Social Survey (n = 235,339) across 32 European countries, we report three findings. First, in accordance with the evolutionary perspective, country-level gender equality is positively associated with gender differences in basic human values. Second, in accordance with the biosocial perspective, we find evidence supporting gender convergence in basic human values. Third, contradicting both evolutionary and biosocial assumptions, we find no evidence that gender equality causes gender differences in values. We argue that there is a need to explore alternative explanations to the observed cross-sectional association between gender equality and personality differences, as well as gender convergence in personality over time.

  • 278.
    Forsberg, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Arbetsgivarattityder till Nätuniversitetet: en förstudie2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna förstudie undersöker arbetsgivares attityder till högre utbildning på distans med ITstöd, samt till att anställa personer utbildade vid Nätuniversitetet. Arbetsgivarna representerartre yrkesområden: skola- vård- samt dataingenjörsyrken. Urvalet är begränsat till nio arbetsgivare. Intervjupersonernas bedömningar rörande rekryteringav nätuniversitetsutbildade är överlag av hypotetisk karaktär, d.v.s. de har inga egna erfarenheter att falla tillbaka på. Detta sammantaget gör att slutsatserna måste tolkas med viss försiktighet. Det faktum att de intervjuade arbetsgivarna i viktiga avseenden delar sammauppfattningar, trots att de representerar olika yrkesområden, regioner m.m., indikerar dock en bredare giltighet för rapportens centrala slutsatser.

    Samtliga arbetsgivare gör gällande att nätuniversitetsutbildning och vanlig campusutbildning skulle bedömas likvärdiga i en rekryteringssituation. Skälen till detta är:(1) En positiv syn på IT-stödda utbildningsformer. Trots att yrkesutbildning via IT-stöd är en ny företeelse som arbetsgivarna har ytterst begränsad kunskap om, förväntar de sig att nätuniversitetsutbildade har jämförbara kvalifikationer med campusutbildade. Flera av arbetsgivarna har dock erfarenheter av IT-stöd i fortbildning, vilket bidrar till deras positiva inställningtill nätuniversitetsutbildning.(2) Arbetsgivarna lägger i allmänhet inte någon värdering kring frågan genom vilken studieformeller vid vilken högskoleort den arbetssökande tillgodogjort sig sin utbildning, så länge denne har relevant examen. De faktorer som arbetsgivarna tillmäter betydelse är främst desökandes personliga egenskaper samt arbetslivserfarenhet.

    Arbetsgivarnas positiva inställning till rekrytering av nätuniversitetsutbildade är emellertid villkorad: flera av dem framhåller att detta förutsätter att utbildningen ger motsvarande färdigheter som ordinarie campusstudier. Här vädrar några arbetsgivare en oro över att nödvändiga gruppövningar och liknande blir lidande vid nätbaserade studier. Vad som kanske är något överraskande är den likartade bilden inom de undersökta yrkesområdena, att det inte uppträder några tydliga yrkesrelaterade skillnader i arbetsgivarnas attityder. Möjligen döljs eventuella skillnader bakom en annan faktor – klyftan mellan glesbygd och stad. Trots att samtliga arbetsgivare delar en positiv grundsyn kring olika aspekter av IT-stödd utbildning, värderas denna i än högre grad bland studiens glesbygdsarbetsgivare. Detta är direkt relaterat till en större upplevd nytta av IT-stöd i glesbygden. Berörda arbetsgivare framhåller här både en nytta för själva arbetsplatsen – t.ex. hur IT-stödd distansutbildning kan underlätta i samband med anställdas fortbildning – och för den egna orten i stort.

    Att döma av studiens empiri tenderar inställningen till IT-stödda utbildningsformer att bli mer positiv, ju mer egna erfarenheter arbetsgivaren har inom området. Detta leder inte automatiskt till slutsatsen att växande erfarenheter ger en mer positiv inställning till IT-stöd. Arbetsgivarna med de största kunskaperna kring dessa frågor företräder nämligen också de arbetsplatser som tydligast har nytta av IT-stödda utbildningsformer. Arbetsgivarna vägleds i huvudsak av en pragmatisk syn på såväl yrkesutbildning som fortbildning. De gör som regel inte heller någon markant åtskillnad mellan vanlig distansutbildningoch IT-stödd dito. Snarare betraktar studiens arbetsgivare IT-stöd i termer av ett hjälpmedel inom ramen för vanlig distansutbildning.

  • 279.
    Forsberg, Jennie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, History and Theory of Art. The National Graduate School of Gender Studies.
    Museum Anna Nordlander: the museum and the image of an artist2007In: Present challenges in gender research / [ed] Åsa Andersson & Eva E. Johansson, Umeå: National School of Gender Research, Umeå University , 2007, p. 74-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the essay Jennie Forsberg shows how biographical writings have been used as legitimizing strategies by Museum Anna Nordlander, and how these writings at the same time risk becoming both historically problematic, and counterproductive to the ambitions of the museum.

  • 280.
    Forsberg, Ulla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jämställdhetspedagogik: en sammanställning av aktionsforskningsprojekt1998Report (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Forsgren, Tuuli
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Larsson, Göran
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    The digital infrastructure of the archives: workshop in Umeå and Sandslån 15-19 May 20002002Report (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Forslund, Josefine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Exploatering i landsbygdens attraktiva lägen: En studie över befolkningsförändringen och nybyggnationer på Umeå kommuns landsbygd2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization has had a negative impact on rural development, and also places great demands on urban environments. The rural population is decreasing and has negative consequences for the public services, and cities may, among other things, has problems with keeping up with the housing demands. Sweden's rural policy is working with different initiatives and support for sustainable development in rural areas and how to increasing the population base. In 2009, a law change was implemented which increased the possibilities for Swedish municipalities to grant exemption from strandskyddet in areas with low population development in order to offer an attractive waterfront location for both living and businesses.

    The purpose of this study was to map and analyse recent population development in the Umeå municipality's rural area between the years 2005-2016, focusing on new construction and the dispensers from strandskyddet. This is through a deductive quantitative method where statistics on the total population as well as localization of building permits for housing construction and given dispensers from strandskyddet in Umeå municipality have been studied and mapped.

    The result from this studie shows that the population change in Umeå municipality's rural area has generally increased closest to Umeå city and decreased in the areas furthest from Umeå city. Building permits for new housing construction also take place mainly around Umeå city, and over time there has been some concentration towards the coast. There is no clear connection between the location of the areas with given dispensers from strandskyddet and the municipality's LIS areas. The areas with given dispensers from strandskyddet are mainly at the municipality's coast and the urban coastal area. 

  • 283.
    Forssén, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Feminism och medicinsk vetenskap - en provokativ betraktelse2004In: Kropp och genus i medicinen / [ed] Birgitta Hovelius, Eva E Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, p. 87-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Forssén, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Klimakteriet och vetenskapen: en historia att lära av?2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Forssén, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Carlstedt, Gunilla
    Feministisk forskning tydliggör att all forskning är politisk2000In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 97, no 47, p. 5477-5481Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is a review of different trends and epistemologies in women’s studies/feminist research within the field of medicine. In the beginning of the 1980s, women’s studies entered the field of medicine in the Nordic countries. They are now a part of the feminist research that has been established within most sciences both nationally and internationally. The gender power relation and its impact on health - first of all women’s, but in extension also men’s - has been in focus. Moreover, science itself, its limits and possibilities, and the kind of knowledge it produces, is discussed. In this respect, feminist theory of science is a useful tool.

  • 286.
    Frank, Franziska
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Real-world results2018In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 557, no 7703, p. 130-130Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Fredriksson, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Taube, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Läsning, läsvanor och läsundersökningar2012Book (Other academic)
  • 288.
    Fridlund, Angelica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Strömberg, Susanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Fina fisken: Krögares erfarenheter av etiskt märkt fisk & hållbarhet i haven2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The large consumption is expected to increase largely due to an increase of the population on earth. The food consumption stands for a 25 % of the emissions in Sweden and the restaurant visits contribute to this.

    The restaurant industry is a consumer-driven market, where the large range of restaurants make the restaurants dependent to offer something the costumer wants. More people are eating their everyday meals at restaurants. Even though surveys show that Swedish people are well aware about sustainability, there is a lack of knownledge garding sustainabe choices at restaurants. 

    The purpose of this study is to examine how restauranteurs at fish-restaurants sees their own contribution, along with the costumers, and other organisations contribution, in promoting sustainable fishing.

    Qualitative studies have been carried out with the help of semi-structured interviews with three restaurateurs who are active in fish restaurants. An interview with a MSC employee has also been conducted. The interviews have been conducted both physically and via telephone. The focus of the study has been the restauranteur's perspective on how they experience consumption, knowledge and the future in sustainable fish at a restaurant.

    Everyone who participated in the study believes that a change in the industry and a changed consumer behavior are required for the fish to remain on our plate. A changeover is inevitable since the world's population is growing and the human pressures on the oceans increase at the same rate.

    Globally, the development of new fishing methods are on-going to avoid ending up in the negative spiral of depleted oceans.

    Firstly, countries are trying to agree on politics and to set up rules and regulations, and secondly, organisations such as MSC are working with developing new tools and monitor the fishing offshore.

    Due to an ongoing social debate and exposure in the media, consumers become more aware of sustainability and endangered fish species. Something that was not previously available to the same extent.

    Because of new availability of information with both traceability of fishing and knowledge in the industry, more restaurateurs want to choose certified fish and opt out of endangered species. This is also something shown in the interviews where the restauranteurs has opted out of working with endangered fish and there is hope that consumers will have higher demands for sustainable options in the future. Consumers and restauranteurs have a common goal to work towards a more sustainable future.

  • 289.
    Fritzon, Alma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    De behöver lära sig bli medvetna konsumenter: En studie om ekonomiundervisning i hem- och konsumentkunskap2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Vi lever i ett konsumtionssamhälle där barn och unga ses som konsumenter som många gånger har egna pengar. Forskning har visat att konsumtion och ekonomi är något som dagens elever behöver kunna, samt att det är både i skolan och i hemmet som dessa kunskaper ska erhållas. I skolan sker undervisning om konsumtion och ekonomi bland annat i ämnet hem- och konsumentkunskap.

    Syfte Syftet med denna studie var att utforska lärares tankar och val kring undervisning i perspektivet ekonomi inom hem- och konsumentkunskap.

    Metod Den metod som användes var semistrukturerade intervjuer med totalt fyra kvinnliga hem- och konsumentkunskapslärare från tre olika orter i södra Sverige. Intervjuerna spelades in på mobiltelefon och transkriberades sedan med hjälp av dator och därefter analyserades med innehållsanalys.

    Resultat Lärarna i studien ansåg att rättigheter och skyldigheter som konsumenter samt förmågan att hushålla med pengar är något eleverna behöver lära sig. Lärarna uppger att de själva undervisar både om pengar samt om rättigheter och skyldigheter. Studien visar att avsaknad av tid kan vara en återkommande svårighet i undervisningen om ekonomi. Den vanligaste undervisningsmetoden visade sig vara katederundervisning, men det förekom även bland annat reflektionsuppgifter, ”case” och medieanvändning i undervisningen. Lärarna önskade ett bättre samarbete med övriga ämnen, men även med konsumentvägledning, bank och kronofogde.

    Slutsats Slutsatsen som kan dras av denna undersökning är att ekonomiperspektivet undervisas, men den öppna tolkningen i kursplan 2000 gör att undervisningen är mycket varierande. Ekonomiundervisningen behöver breddas med ytterligare undervisningsmetoder, lärarna behöver fortbildas och ges mer tid till ekonomiperspektivet. Därutöver bör samarbetet med övriga lärare bli bättre.

  • 290. Frykman, Mandus
    et al.
    Lundmark, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. LIME, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Schwarz, Ulrica von Thiele
    Villaume, Karin
    Hasson, Henna
    Line managers' influence on employee usage of a web-based system for occupational health management2018In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 193-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate line managers' influence on employee usage of a web-based system for occupational health management. Design/methodology/approach Questionnaires were used to measure line managers' transformational leadership at baseline and their change-supportive managerial activities during weeks 16-52. Employee initial (weeks 16-52) and sustained (weeks 53-144) use of the web-based system was measured by extracting their frequency of logins to the system from electronic records. Data were collected from six white-collar organizations from 2011 through 2013. Mixed Poisson regressions were used to analyze the influence of transformational leadership and change-supportive managerial activities on employee usage. Findings As predicted, line managers' change-supportive activities influenced the employees' initial and sustained use of the system. Line managers' transformational leadership had no direct effect on employees' use of the system, however transformational leadership was indirectly associated with employees' initial and sustained use of the system through line managers' change-supportive activities. Originality/value The study adds to the understanding of the role line managers' play during the implementation of occupational health interventions. The findings suggest that the line managers' change-supportive activities directed toward the intervention are important for employees' initial and sustained use of the system. The influence of transformational leadership was indirect, suggesting that line managers may need to direct their leadership behaviors toward the intervention to facilitate implementation.

  • 291.
    Frändå, Linnea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "They teach us to hate each other": A Study on Social Impediments for Peace-Building Interaction Between Young Cypriot Women2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The yet unresolved interethnic conflict on the island of Cyprus known as the ‘Cyprus Problem’is one of the longest persisting conflicts in the world stretching over five decades. The conflictis between the Greek-Cypriots and Turkish-Cypriots and has consequently divided the Islandinto a Greek-Cypriot administrated southern part, and a Turkish-Cypriot administrated northernpart. Despite the opening of the borders in 2003, which granted permission to cross over to eachside, studies show that the peace-building interaction between the younger generations remainslimited. Through in-depth interviews with ten young Cypriot women, the thesis analyses socialfactors impeding the interaction across the divide and provide an understanding of the women’sperception of peace in Cyprus. The politicisation of the construction of belonging continues todisconnect the women from a shared Cypriot identity and hence impedes interaction across thedivide. Further, the context of the negotiations has created a stalemate on peace-buildinginteraction for many of the women and had a negative impact on their views on politics ingeneral. The study reaffirms that women’s political involvement is essential to bring aboutpeace and reconciliation in Cyprus.

  • 292.
    Frånberg, Gun-Marie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Dunkels, Elza
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Interactive Media and Learning (IML).
    Hällgren, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Interactive Media and Learning (IML).
    Youth and contemporary learning2011In: Interactive media use and youth: Learning, knowledge exchange and behavior / [ed] Elza Dunkels, Gun-Marie Frånberg and Camilla Hällgren, Hershey, Pennsylvania (USA): IGI Global , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the chapter is to problematize the concept of learning and common views on transformed conditions for learning; have contemporary digital media reformed the processes of learning and if so, how can the educational system benefit from and exploit this?  The chapter highlights changes and reflects on contemporary and future aspects of learning. What is seen as meaningful learning? Is learning more demanding today or does the open and abundant access to information simplify it?

  • 293.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Andersson, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Johansson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Come Together, Right Now, Over Me: Conceptual and Tangible Design of Pleasurable Dupliances for Children2001In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Affective Human Factors Design, CAHD 2001, London: Asean Academic Press , 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 294.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Andersson, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Johansson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Dupliances: Physical and Virtual Activity Encompassed2001In: Proceedings of CHI 2001: Human Factors in Computing Systems, Extended Abstracts, New york: ACM Press , 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 295.
    Fällström, Jon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Interactive Media and Learning (IML).
    En studie i hur gymnasieelever ochlärare upplever att en personligdator påverkar elevernas lärande: med särskild fokus vid upplevda fördelar och nackdelar2010Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att ge exempel på hur personliga datorer kan upplevas av eleveroch lärare på gymnasienivå. Metoderna som används är intervju med elever och lärare samtanalys av styrdokument och tidigare forskning inom området. I dag vill man från regeringsoch skolverkets håll förstärka skolans roll som förmedlare av kunskap inom IT-området. Dettalas om digitalkompetens, en färdighet man menar är nödvändig för att idag och i framtidenkunna verka i samhället. Att utrusta elever och lärare med personliga datorer i så kallade entill-en projekt är något som den senaste tiden vunnit mark. I Umeå väljer man hösten 2008och framåt att ge samtliga elever som börjar studera vid någon av de kommunala skolornatillgång till sådana datorer inom vad man benämner som elevdataprojektet. I denna studieintervjuar jag elever och lärare från en av de skolorna i kommunen.Både elever och lärare är i huvudsak positivt inställda till att få tillgång till och arbeta medpersonliga datorer. Lärarna ser bland annat fördelar i kunna anpassa lärandet till enskildaelever, att datorn förenklar inlämningar och spridning av information, att man nu lättare fårtillgång till information/material och att elever i behov av särskilt stöd har stora fördelar.Bland nackdelarna nämns bland annat okoncentration under lektionen att elever med godadatorkunskaper får större fördelar än andra och att personliga datorer ställer krav på elevernaseget ansvar. Eleverna menar att datorn låter gör det lättare att fåt tag på information, att manarbetar effektivare, att det är roligt att arbeta med en personlig dator. Nackdelar man uppleverär bland annat okoncentration under lektionerna, att datorn är tung att bära omkring och attelever med god datorkunskap har större fördelar än andra.Slutsatser som dras är bland annat att lärarens användande och integrerande av datorerna iundervisningen hur stor inverkan på upplevda fördelar och nackdelar samt att den ökadeokoncentrationen bör problematiseras då det i slutändan är osäkert om vad som är ökadokoncentration och vad som synliggjord okoncentration.

  • 296.
    Färnström, Nelly
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Görandet av det genusvetenskapliga syftet: En kvalitativ analys av genusvetenskapliga institutioners sätt att marknadsföra ämnet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines Swedish education institutions and their ways of marketing gender studieson their websites to future students. The purpose was to analyze how the political and scientificambitions of the field are affected by the way it is presented to attract students. The materialcontains of the informative texts from all Swedish institutions that offer gender studies on ahigh education level and the method that was used was discourse analysis inspired by the ideasof Michel Foucault. The essay also describes how feminist activism has affected the genderstudies field historically and the study leans on scientific theories by Ruth Hubbard andThomas Kuhn. It also renders from political theories by Chantal Mouffe. The study shows thatthe way gender studies are presented is highly influenced by neoliberal ideas and the society’svaluing of education that will lead to concrete possibilities of employment for the student. Thisis in conflict with ideas within the gender studies field that lean on a critical perspectivetowards the society and how structural power relation’s work. The gender studies student isconstructed as a person with an interest in gender equality issues and an urge to learn moreabout the way power works in the society as a whole as well as within themselves.

  • 297.
    Fågelqvist, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Säsong: Grönsaker i dagligvaruhandeln2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 298. Garcia, Danilo
    et al.
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Erlandsson, Arvid
    Siddiqui, Anver
    Umeå University.
    On Lions and Adolescents: Affective Temperaments and the Influence of Negative Stimuli on Memory2010In: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 477-495Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated the relation between reaction to negative stimuli and memory for stimuli. The relation was further investigated using as a framework individuals' affective temperaments (AFTs). Eighty adolescents participated in the study. The AFTs are based on selfreported affect and categorizes individuals in four temperaments: self-actualizing, high affective, low affective and self-destructive. Reaction to negative stimuli was measured by interpretation of specific words in a short story. Two days later, participants were presented with a list of words and asked which of them were present in the short story. Individuals' AFTs were expected to predict the promotion of pleasure or the prevention of displeasure. On a general level, reaction to negative stimuli predicted memory for negative, positive and neutral words. At an individual level, self-actualizers and high affectives' negative reaction predicted the memory of positive words (i.e., promotion). In contrast, low affectives' negative and positive reaction predicted the memory of neutral words (i.e., prevention).

  • 299.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Marell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Intelligent Speed Adaptation - Increased safety through speed reduction.2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Marell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Intelligent Speed Adaptation - Voluntary participation in a large-scale field test2000Conference paper (Other academic)
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