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  • 251. Hedberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Axelsson, Linn
    Abella, Manolo
    Thai berry pickers in Sweden: A migration corridor to a low-wage sector2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Every year, around 5000 berry pickers travel from Thailand to Sweden to pick wild berries. This report describes the system and regulatory framework that surrounds the berry pickers, and analyses their costs and earnings. The report has a comparative approach, and compares the Thai berry pickers with other types of international labour migration and with their alternative earnings in Thailand. It also describes the workers demographic background and their use of the earnings from berry picking. The report is uniquely based on 165 standardized interviews with Thai berry pickers, which were performed in Thailand on behalf of this study. The main conclusion is that the costs surrounding berry picking are relatively high, as seen against the background of the short berry picking season and the time that the workers are spending in Sweden. On average, a berry picker pays around 4000 USD to work in Sweden for a period of 70 days. This means that, for the average worker, it takes 1,6 months to earn enough money to cover these costs, and thereafter remains only a limited time window to earn enough money to bring back to Thailand. Around 50 percent of the costs incurred are paid to Thai staffing agencies, and the other half is paid to Swedish berry companies as a daily fee for accommodation, food and access to a car. After the deduction of all costs, the average berry picker returns to Thailand with around 2000 USD from one season in Sweden. This figure is roughly three times that of what the average worker would normally earn in Thailand during the same amount of time. The worker with the highest net earnings from berry picking in Sweden, however, could make as much as 12 times more than what he or she would make in Thailand. The report also shows that the berry pickers, who often are men working as farmers in north-eastern Thailand where they also have their families, are travelling to Sweden repeatedly. A majority of the workers in the study had travelled to Sweden seven times or more, whereas the most frequent worker had travelled as much as 26 times. According to the study, there is no positive relationship between the frequency of work in Sweden and the size of vi the earnings. The earnings from berry picking are being used for daily consumption and investments in farming, housing and children’s’ education. In the report we discuss the motives behind the perpetuation of the migration system despite the relatively high costs. One explanation could be that the workers are being paid on a piece rate, meaning that they are aspiring, and believing that they can achieve, the same high earnings as the most successful workers. However, the payment system also implies that the workers are at high risk, since almost 50 percent note that they have earned less than the guaranteed wage that they are entitled to according to Swedish collective agreements. Another reason why berry pickers travel to Sweden repeatedly could be that it’s associated with relatively low social costs. The berry season in Sweden occurs at a suitable time in the Thai growing season, and the berry pickers are spending a relatively short time away from their families. The system surrounding berry picking can be seen both as it’s solution and it’s problem. On the one hand, Thai staffing agencies and Swedish berry companies are providing the infrastructure that sustains the system across time, thus enabling the workers to invest in their children’s futures, etc. On the other hand, the report shows a lack of transparency in relation to the costs, which might be excessive, while the costs and risks are put on the individual worker. The practice of using staffing agencies has been enacted as a way to avoid taxes and social responsibility in Sweden. As an alternative, it is possible that experienced berry pickers could use their own social networks to travel to Sweden, while starting up a cooperative and in that way, reduce the costs.

  • 252.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    University of Tartu.
    ´Neighbourhood effects´ and ´City effects´: the entry of newly arrived immigrants into the labour market2013Inngår i: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 50, nr 6, s. 1165-1182Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An important debate in current research and policy focuses on the role of urban residential segregation on the social mobility of immigrants. Much focus has been on ‘neighbourhood effects’ and on how spatial variations within the city affect individual careers. This paper adds the analysis of variations of labour market incorporation between cities. The labour market careers of one migrant cohort to Sweden are analysed, where the analysis of ‘neighbourhood effects’ and ‘city effects’ are studied jointly, using a longitudinal database and discrete-time event history analysis. The results show that labour market participation increases slowly over time and there are large variations due to migrant origin, gender and education. Both ‘neighbourhood effects’ and ‘city effects’ were significant, but whereas the former decreased over time, the ‘city effect’ was robust. Accordingly, contextual aspects of the individual city need to be included in the analysis of neighbourhood effects.

  • 253.
    Hedkvist Herzog, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Scoiotopkartering med barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Children have long been one of the biggest user-groups of public space. Children’s experiences of public space have not been fully explored by the planning practice. Children’s viewpoint regarding the city have often been overlooked by the adult world, since children are often seen as lacking rational thought and dependent on parents.  A relatively new planning method for public open space, called Sociotop Mapping has long been used in the city of Stockholm. The Sociotop Mapping have been an effective way of implementing people’s experiences into the process of planning.  The aim of this study was to explore children’s experiences of Public Space by using the Sociotop Method, as developed in Stockholm. The Sociotop Mapping gives actual meaning to human experiences of the city by describing its public space with qualitative values. This study was performed with a qualitative method consisting of two parts. The first part gathered data on public space with placeinventories in the district of Ålidhem in Umeå. The second part of the study derived the experiences of children with in-depth focus group discussions with 14 children living in Umeå. The study concluded that children often find enjoyment in public space, but sometimes might the public space be in crisis, since it cannot handle people that are strangers to one another.

  • 254.
    Hedlund, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Growth and decline in rural Sweden: geographical distribution of employment and population 1960–20102017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the combination of changes in the population and employment into sectors in rural Sweden for the period 1960-2010. The aim is to describe and analyze the demographic changes together with the labour market changes, and to account for the spatial outcome of these changes by considering the heterogeneity of rural areas. The analysis departs from the framework of rural restructuring, where changes in employment and population in rural Sweden are interpreted as local products of the global processes of technological development, social modernization and globalization. Empirically, the analysis is based on a combination of longitudinal censuses and register data on the Swedish population covering the period 1960-2010.

    The first part of the aim is achieved by applying a life-course perspective and exploiting the longitudinal nature of the data. The life-course perspective distinguishes between historical time and the age of individuals, making it possible to situate changes in employment and migration on the individual level. The second part of the aim is achieved through developing a typology of rural Sweden by doing a cluster analysis on SAMS-areas.

    The results show that rural change after 1980 was characterized by de-industrialization and the rise of the urban service sector. The period was also characterized by regional urbanization rather than local urbanization. Peripheral urban and rural areas based on industrial employment found themselves with a declining economic motor, which meant that people had to find their source of income elsewhere. The migration stream in this period was thus increasingly directed towards metropolitan or large city centers, and their rural surroundings within commuting distance. However, the more fine-tuned spatial typology reveals that also a few areas in the rural periphery have experienced growth, these areas are mainly attractive places based on various kinds of tourism. It can thus be concluded that different rural areas have experienced, and will continue to experience, the shift from manufacturing to services differently, where some areas have grown in both demographic and employment terms while others have declined. In this sense the heterogeneity of rural areas are a product of both growth and decline – of old development paths that is reaching their end and of new development paths that will continue into the future.

  • 255.
    Hedlund, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Mapping the Socioeconomic Landscape of Rural Sweden: Towards a Typology of Rural Areas2016Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, nr 3, s. 460-474Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Definitions of the rural have been the subject of numerous academic papers. This paper argues that the a priori urban–rural continuum model should be abandoned in favour of a more open approach. In advancing this argument, a socioeconomic typology of rural Sweden is developed by means of cluster analysis. A total of 3983 areas were sorted into five clusters and16 sub-clusters. One-third of the rural population lives in the middle-class countryside within the urban shadow (12%) and working-class countryside within the urban shadow (22%); the bulk of the rural population lives in countryside outside the urban shadow (25%) and manufacturing periphery (28%); and a smaller share resides in the resource periphery (12%). It is concluded that location-specific typologies based on high-resolution data that avoid a priori assumptions of rurality give great insight into rural heterogeneity.

  • 256.
    Hedlund, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Rural restructuring and its socioeconomic manifestations: A case study of Sweden2013Inngår i: Natural resources and regional development theory / [ed] Linda Lundmark, Camilla Sandström, Umeå: Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Umeå universitet , 2013, s. 24-50Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 257.
    Hedlund, Martin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Rural restructuring and gendered micro-dynamics of the agricultural labour market2017Inngår i: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, Vol. 195, nr 1, s. 25-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a comparison of the employment trajectories of two cohorts of men and women in the agricultural sector in Sweden, this article gives an account of the past 50 years’ decline in employment in agriculture. The findings show that the decline of employment in agriculture was the result of fewer entries into the sector and more exits out of the sector. The findings also suggest that the restructuring of the agricultural sector has had greater effects on women than men, with women exiting the sector to a greater degree or never entering it to begin with.

  • 258. Heidelbeer, Daniel
    et al.
    Carson, Dean B
    Rural and Remote Research, Flinders University, Burra, South Australia, Australia.
    Experiences of non-resident nurses in Australia's remote Northern Territory2013Inngår i: Rural and remote health, ISSN 1445-6354, Vol. 13, nr 3, artikkel-id 2464Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: There is emerging concern in the health literature about the impacts of non-resident work modes on the quality of service delivery particularly in sparsely populated or remote areas, but little is known about what non-resident health workers themselves see as the advantages and disadvantages of their modes of work, and whether non-resident workers face the same or different social/personal and professional barriers to rural and remote practice as their resident colleagues. Although literature from the resources sector provides insights into the expected social/personal advantages and disadvantages, very little is said about professional issues. Methods: This article reports on semi-structured interviews conducted with seven non-resident nurses working in remote locations in Australia's Northern Territory in 2011. All nurses lived outside the Northern Territory when not at work. The interviews focussed on how the separation of place of residence and place of work affected nurses' private and professional lives. Results: Social/personal issues faced by these nurses are similar to what has been reported in the broader literature on non-resident work. Nurses who successfully engage in non-resident work develop strategies to manage their lives across multiple locations. However, questions are raised about the professional impacts of non-resident work, in terms of the continuing competency of the workers themselves, the performance of work teams that consist of resident and non-resident workers, and the maintenance of context-specific skills. Conclusions: Non-resident work is likely to become more common in remote areas such as Australia's Northern Territory because of the advantages workers experience in their personal lives. There is an urgent need to address professional issues associated with non-resident work modes.

  • 259.
    Helena, Holst
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Centrumhandel i relation till externhandel: - en fallstudie om Strängnäs2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the 90's the establishment of external trade centers had a strong growth in Sweden, primarily in large and medium cities. Gradually took smaller towns by this development. In larger cities with larger and growing customer base than in small towns were not affected by the trade centers heavily, but in the smaller towns where the customer base was smaller, there was a risk that it created a negative competitive relationship between external trade center and trade in the citycenter. In some cases, competition is a positive development for both the citycenter and external trade areas, but in some cases there was a risk that the center became impoverished. In such situation there are theories that the different variety of different types of goods should be at the center and in external trade center could lead to a balanced trade relationship. Otherwise, customers may come to replace their consumption in the citycenter with consumption of external trade center. The external trade center in Strängnäs called Solberga trade center. There are plans for Solberga trade center to grow their business. Solberga trade centre is located approximately 5 kilometers from the city center.  There are living many people in Strängnäs today, that need good accessibility to Solberga trade centre and the citycenter, for instance many elderly people with limited ability to move. Lower accessability in terms of distance could create social groups in the city. This can be countered by other attractive activaties in the city Centre. Many that require good accessibility to trade lives in Strängnäs. When supply and attractions in other areas than the trade in the citycenter, this may promote social inclusion in the center that can counteract social segregation.

    Strängnäs has an advantageous geographic location, with the strong labor market regions around Stockholm area allowing Strängnäs has a large proportion of people living in the city who commute to Stockholm and other larger towns for work. The city also has a unique history, an increase in population and a high proportion of elderly population, which means that the city has the potential for both positive trend with an external trade center and a vibrant city center. To help it should also seek to separate the sale of concealing goods and groceries at various locations. It should also increase the availability of special non-motorists to external trade Centre and bet on the "idyllic" pedestrian area in the center. The role of the municipality with their power to control the use of the ground is important and can be used to adjust the external trade development to Strängnäs development I other areas such as population growth and effects on the trade in the city centre.

  • 260.
    Helgesson, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Getting Ready for Life: Life Strategies of Town Youth in Mozambique and Tanzania2006Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to explore how and under what conditions life strategies of young men and women unfold in the towns of Masasi in southern Tanzania and Montepuez in northern Mozambique. These towns are located in regions which in their national contexts are perceived as peripheral and rural. The thesis examines the life strategies of youth, with particular emphasis on livelihood, education and mobility. How the life strategies can be related to the representations of young people in national and local discourses, and how global processes are involved in young people’s daily lives are also examined. The fieldwork was conducted between 2002 and 2004 and the main part of the empirical material consists of structured and semi-structured interviews.

    Many young people are under substantial pressure to support themselves and their families, but a conflict exists between the expectations on youth to contribute to the household economy and their possibilities to do so. There is also a contradiction between being needed for labour and being trusted with responsibilities. Harsh economic conditions, combined with a weak position in terms of power, increase the vulnerability of young people in these places.

    Global processes influence young people’s lives, primarily expressed through changed patterns of consumption. However, there is a feeling of exclusion from globalisation in terms of work. Self-employment is promoted as a solution to poverty by the government and by various organisations, but young people contest this discourse and demand ‘real’ employment for themselves and for their children. Young people’s mobility experiences are mainly local due to a local social network and limited resources. Those with larger resources tend to be more mobile and the more privileged youth aspire to move to the larger cities or abroad. Agriculture is a complementary livelihood strategy, which implies that the rural economy still has an important function as a safety net within the urban landscape.

  • 261.
    Hellnersson, André
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Tillväxtens baksida: En studie om hur Umeå kommun behandlar boendesegregation för att uppnå en hållbar urban utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the extent of residential segregation in Umeå by describing differences in socioeconomic structure between urban districts. Furthermore, the study also aims to analyse how Umeå municipality is considering residential segregation in their plans for urban development and how this can affect the extent of the segregation. In order to present the socioeconomic differences between the urban districts in Umeå statistics showing income, education and employment was used. Information about the municipal priorities regarding the development of the urban environment was gathered by reading and analysing municipal documents that is used to guide physical planning in the city. The results of the study show that there are differences in the socioeconomic structure of Umeås urban districts. These differences show that residential segregation is an occurring phenomenon in Umeå since residents with different characteristics are living separated from each other. Results gathered by studying and analysing the municipal documents show that Umeå municipality prioritises sustainable growth and want to condensate the city in order to achieve a mixed supply of housing in attractive locations with different sizes, prices, and forms of tenure. Thus, the results imply that Umeå municipality has a good chance of reducing the residential segregation of the urban districts in the future.

  • 262.
    Helmersson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Fördel Nordanstig: Befolkningen, fastighetsmarknaden och kommunikationerna2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 263.
    Hjelte, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Att forma och sälja en destination: En studie som undersöker och analyserar Höga Kustens arbete med platsvarumärke och platsmarknadsföring2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Today more people choose to travel, both for business and leisure, which have resulted in that tourism gradually are considered to be an important industry for different places. The increased possibility to travel and globalization is the main reason why destinations more often tend to use place branding and place marketing as a strategy to differentiate themselves against their competitors. This paper aims to study the phenomenon place marketing from a producer perspective on the destination High Coast, Sweden. Interviews was conducted with both the destination-organization and various tourism company within the region. The study aims to answer following questions: In which way do the destination developers at the High Coast work with place branding and place marketing? Perceive tourism companies in the High Coast area any benefit of and do they share the image that the destination developers want to convey?

    This paper shows how a destination actively work with packaging and communicating the core values of the destination. The developers work includes for instance a brand analysis where the involvement of companies and local people is one of the main points. The majority of the tourism business companies within the destination High Coast also feel that they can take advantage of the destination developers branding and that they, as individual companies, can help promote the destination.

  • 264.
    Hjelte, Frida
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Så bygger man en destination: En studie om möjligheter och utmaningar för samarbete mellan Umeå och Bjurholms kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Increased travel has led to greater competition between destinations. Therefore, actors in the tourism industry are constantly seeking new ways to remain competitive, in which collaborations have often been viewed as a solution. This study will focus on the collaboration in tourism issues in the Umeå region, Sweden. The aim of this study is to examine, from a producer perspective, opportunities and challenges for collaboration between different actors in the municipality of Umeå and Bjurholm. The study also examines whether and how Bjurholm municipality can be a shadow destination to Umeå. To do this, interviews were conducted with various actors in the municipality of Umeå and Bjurholm.

    The results show that the differences between the municipalities are both seen as a great opportunity but also a major challenge for the collaboration. Furthermore, the study found that Bjurholm shows some characteristics of being a shadow destination to Umeå.

  • 265.
    Hjort, Susanne
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Rural gentrfication as a migration process: Evidence from Sweden2009Inngår i: Migration Letters, ISSN 1741-8984, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 91-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate rural gentrification as a migration process in parts of the sparsely populated countryside. The aim is sought through an analysis of the socio-economic and demographic composition of migration patterns using register data and employing different methods including logistic regression analysis. The particular time set of the analyses from the late 1980s until the early 1990s has been utilized as a way to understand the changing migration pattern of a changing economy; from boom to bust. The results show that rural gentrification is of marginal importance in the sparsely populated countryside of Sweden.

  • 266.
    Hjort, Susanne
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Socio-economic differentiation and selective migration in rural and urban Sweden2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse migration and socio-economic differentiation in rural and urban spaces: where people move, what the characteristics of migrants are and whether experiences of rural and urban space affect attitudes toward the local living environment and place attachment. The background consists of five themes discussing different aspects of socio-economic differentiation and selective migration, for example polarization and rural gentrification. Integrated in the five themes are summaries of the four papers.

    The first paper, The divided city? Socio-economic changes in Stockholm metropolitan area, 1970-1994, analyses the income distribution in the Stockholm metropolitan area using residential area statistics regarding income among residents. The results show that polarization and segregation has increased during the study period. The second paper, The attraction of the rural: Characteristics of rural migrants, analyses the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of migrants to the countryside in Sweden using individual register data. The results show that urban areas attract the young, the highly educated and those with high income while rural areas attract older migrants, the self employed and families, but when comparing rural areas, periurban countrysides were more attractive to those with high income and education than more remote areas.  The third paper, Rural gentrification as a migration process: Evidence from Sweden, focuses on rural gentrification as a migration process and is based on an analysis of register data. The results show that rural gentrification in the remote countrysides of Sweden is of marginal importance. In the fourth paper, Place attachment and attitudes among young adults in rural/urban spaces, young adults’ (25-40 years of age) attitudes toward the rural/urban qualities of their local living environment and their place attachments are investigated using a survey. The results show that most people appreciate the environment they live in and they are also attached to this place. However, urban residents with a rural background seem less pleased with and are less attached to their present environment.

    In conclusion, migration selectivity works to reinforce both patterns of segregation and patterns of ageing. There is indication of both demographic and socio-economic polarization between and within rural and urban areas and this polarization is reinforced by selective migration flows. However, the results also indicate that rural areas are attractive living environments to many, particularly the periurban countryside and that there may be a rural migration potential among urban residents with a rural background.

  • 267.
    Hjort, Susanne
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Place attachment and attitudes among young adults in rural and urban spaces2009Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 268.
    Hjälm, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    "Because we know our limits": Elderly parents' views on intergenerational proximity and intimacy2012Inngår i: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 296-308Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From an intergenerational family perspective, geographical distance and proximity have been shown to affect interaction and the extent of help and support between generations. Geographical separation and nearness hence do not only influence the family per se, but might also concern the welfare state, not least in times of population ageing. This study concerns exchange and assistance between elderly parents living very close to an adult child, and is based on interviews with 14 elderly parents. The interviews revealed that help and support flowed in both directions between the close-living generations, but that from the perspective of the elderly some types of help were more acceptable than others to give and receive. Further, the interviews suggested that living close, albeit discussed as allowing extensive interaction and support, should not be understood as a sign of wanting or even accepting more extensive help from the close-living adult child.

  • 269.
    Hjälm, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    The ‘Stayers’: Dynamics of Lifelong Sedentary Behaviour in an Urban Context2014Inngår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 20, nr 6, s. 569-580Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration has, over the years, attracted infinitely more attention than non-migration or staying. In this paper, the focus is set on those individuals who have demonstrated lifelong sedentary behaviour. The aim of the study is to scrutinise the ways in which people who have lived their entire life in the same place make sense of their sedentary, or immobile, lifestyle. The study builds upon semi-structured interviews, conducted in 2011–2012, with persons aged 60 years and older who were living in an urban area in northern Sweden. Initially, the different definitions of staying are highlighted by the informants, and the flexibility of the concept is addressed. The findings indicate that even though reasons for staying might be harder to articulate than reasons for migration, the explanations given are still complex and multi-layered. The findings also suggest that the decision to stay is not a choice made once and then never renegotiated but rather a decision made over and over again. Furthermore, the significance of intertwined lives, both with living relatives and with preceding and following generations, is analysed. Finally, the results from the study challenge earlier pictures of stayers – where they were portrayed as stigmatised – and highlight the need to consider staying, as well as moving, as a conscious choice in order that we may gain a better understanding of the dynamics of staying.

  • 270. Hodge, Heidi
    et al.
    Carson, Doris
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Australia; The Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Carson, Dean
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum). Mid North Knowledge Partnership, Flinders Rural Health South Australia, Flinders University, Australia; The Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Newman, Lareen
    Garrett, Jaimee
    Using Internet technologies in rural communities to access services: the views of older people and service providers2017Inngår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 54, s. 469-478Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Older people in rural communities increasingly rely on the Internet to access essential health, finance, education, and other social services. However, their abilities to participate in the online service system are often undermined by a continuing 'digital divide'. This divide may be exacerbated by the strategies of service providers who fail to recognise and respond to the needs of older rural clients. This paper is based on a case study in Clare, a small rural town in South Australia, and examines the experiences of older residents and local service providers in trying to engage online for digital service delivery. Drawing on two sets of in-depth interviews, the study uses a mix of thematic content analysis and social network analysis to identify the nature and extent of digital interactions between older people and service providers, and the enablers and challenges for online service engagement. Older participants demonstrated considerable interest in learning how to use the Internet for accessing particular services, with social support networks and third party facilitators being crucial enablers. Service providers' ambitions to engage with older people online appeared more limited as a result of entrenched stereotypes of older non-users, a lack of internal digital skills, as well as organisational and funding constraints. The case study findings emphasise the importance of balancing the views of older people and service providers in the design of online engagement strategies. These insights are critical for improving online service delivery in rural communities affected by an increasing withdrawal of physical services.

  • 271. Hogan, Anthony
    et al.
    Carson, Dean
    Flinders University School of Medicine; Charles Darwin University.
    Cleary, Jen
    Carson, Doris
    University of South Australia.
    Mercer, Rob
    Donnelly, David
    Houghton, Kim
    Tanton, Robert
    Phillips, Rebecca
    The Community Adaptability Tool (CAT): a guide to using the Community Adaptability Tool to secure the wealth and wellbeing of rural communities2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 272. Hogan, Anthony
    et al.
    Carson, Dean
    Flinders University School of Medicine; Charles Darwin University.
    Cleary, Jen
    Donnelly, David
    Houghton, Ki
    Tanton, Robert ()
    The Community Adaptability Tool - report: securing the wealth and wellbeing of rural communities2014Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 273.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Befolknings- och arbetsmarknadseffekter av ett djupförvar för utbränt kärnbränsle i Storuman1994Inngår i: Förstudie Storuman: Socioekonomiska konsekvenser av ett djupförvar för använt kärnbränsle i Storumans kommun / [ed] Einar Holm, Stockholm: Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB , 1994, s. 5-61Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 274.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    En strålande affär?: Socioekonomiska konsekvenser av ett djupförvar för utbränt kärnbränsle i Norrlands inland1995Inngår i: Då, nu och sedan: Geografiska uppsatser till minnet av Ingvar Jonsson / [ed] Ian Layton, Umeå: Geografiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 1995, s. 201-215Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 275.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Förstudie Malå: Socioekonomiska konsekvenser vid lokaliseirng av ett djupförvar av använt kärnbränsle1995Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 276.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Socio-economic impacts of locating a nuclear waste repository in Sweden1997Inngår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 79, nr 1, s. 27-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 277.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Arbete och tillväxt i hela landet: Betydelsen av arbetskraftsmobilisering2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 278.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Dynamic microsimulation2000Inngår i: Spatial Models and GIS: New Potential and New Models / [ed] A. Stewart Fotheringham and Michael Wegener, London: Taylor & Francis, 2000, s. 143-165Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 279.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Mäkilä, Kalle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Simulating an entire nation1996Inngår i: Microsimulation for urban and regional policy analysis / [ed] Clarke, G.P., London: Pion , 1996, s. 164-186Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 280. Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Umeå universitet i det svenska utbildnings-systemet - rekrytering och avgångar1995Inngår i: Samhällseffekter av Umeå universitet / [ed] Einar Holm, Ulf Wiberg, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1995Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 281.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet i det svenska utbildningssystemet: Rekrytering och avgångar1995Inngår i: Samhällseffekter av Umeå universitet / [ed] Einar Holm & Ulf Wiberg, Umeå: CERUM, Umeå universitet , 1995, s. 109-154Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 282.
    Holm, Einar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Haugen, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Place, kinship, and employment2018Inngår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 24, nr 3, artikkel-id e2118Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the magnitude and composition of kinship ties at Swedish workplaces. By analysing official register data and illustrating findings from interviews with HR personnel at different workplaces, the following questions are discussed: How much kinship concentration is there today on the labour market in a modern Western society such as Sweden? How is the kin‐based selection of workplace members structured by place? The study is based on an analysis of individually connected register information on all workplaces in Sweden in 2012. The number of individual links between relatives and couples at an average workplace amounts to 14% of the number of employees as derived from 310, 000 couples and pairs of relatives among 4.3 million workers. So, even today in Sweden, kinship is a common phenomenon observable for most workers at most workplaces. Of all such connected pairs of kin at workplaces, more than a third contain counterparts living in the same household. A non‐linear individual‐level regression reveals that population density in the vicinity of the workplace is substantially related to kin density. Large agglomerations seem to coexist with low kin density workplaces. Although some level of kin membership is unavoidable especially at workplaces in sparsely populated places, removing this part still reveals that kinship above an unavoidable level seems to exist. The study contributes to the discussion of kinship in workplaces by examining the magnitude and composition of kinship ties in the whole work force and complementing findings with interviews.

  • 283. Hoogendoorn, Gijsbert
    et al.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Displacement and second home tourism: a debate still relevant or time to move on?2018Inngår i: The Routledge handbook of second home tourism and mobilities / [ed] Michael Hall and Dieter Müller, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2018, s. 98-111Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 284.
    Hoving, Kristel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Digital Detox Tourism: Why disconnect?: What are the motives of Dutch tourists to undertake a digital detox holiday?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Digital detox technologies such as smartphones, tablets, and PDAs, have grown and developed at an extraordinary rate to become an essential part of everyday life. While ICT is a driving force in the contemporary tourism industry, some travel agencies and hotels have recently detected a niche market for those people who want to ‘escape’ from the digital life by offering ‘digital detox travel packages’, i.e. travel to remote areas that are highly disconnected of ICTs. While the current literature has investigated the tourists’ experience of a forced disconnection, it has yet not sufficiently investigated what the rationales are for the tourists choosing to undertake a digital detox holiday. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate and understand the motives of tourists to undertake a digital detox holiday. To get an understanding of the motives to undertake a digital detox holiday, in-depth interviews among Dutch tourists have been conducted. The results of the study show that especially sociological, psychological and physic health factors motivated tourists to undertake a digital detox holiday. 

  • 285.
    Hult, Henrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Den täta stadens yttersta be(gräns)ningar: En kvalitativ studie om förtätningsidealets motsatsförhållande till villaförorternas fortsatta attraktivitet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 286.
    Hylén, Henrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Utmaningar, problem och möjligheter: En studie om renoveringar i miljonprogram med fokus på social hållbarhet och dialog2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to shed a light over the challenges, possibilities and problems regarding renovation and rehabilitation of the million program housing. Many million program housing is in acute need of restoration and the monetary cost is high since the housings represent one fourth of the Swedish housing. This will be from a social sustainability perspective and investigate how different parts of the property owners incorporate social sustainability during their changes and modifications in their projects. While visiting these strategies and looking into the social sustainability a issue is also due to see if there is any overall dialog between companies in order to share information and experiences. Qualitative methods were used to conduct this study, even more specific interviews with following thematic analysis. The results found that the strategies for public utility and private housing differs when it comes to renovation million program housings. They operate in different practical methods and has difference in the ambitions of social sustainability.

    Three actors from different branches in the million program housing is interview to contain different perspectives to widen the reach and deepen the analysis on how the problems and strategies should be perceived and what they struggle with and find promising for the future.

  • 287.
    Hägg, Erika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Att välja pendling framför flytt: - en intervjustudie om att långdistanspendla till Gällivare2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att få förståelse för varför arbetare i gruvnäringen i Gällivare väljer att långdistanspendla istället för att flytta.  Studien undersöker vilka som pendlar och vilka incitament som kan finnas till  pendling, men även vilka är några av de bakomliggande krafterna är till att inte flytta och vilka är som är viktiga för valet att bo kvar.

    Denna studie har genomförts med en kvalitativ metod. Här har fem respondenter som pendlar för arbete inom gruvnäringen i Gällivare intervjuats. Resultatet har tematiskt analyserats.

    Resultatet i denna studie visar att det är tillgången till arbete samt arbetets karaktär som är incitament och kan vara en grund för valet att arbeta i Gällivare, men även den ekonomiska vinsten kan spela en bidragande roll. De sociala nätverken och eventuell partner/familj kan bidra till att man väljer att bo kvar på hemorten.

  • 288.
    Hägg, Erika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    What individual characteristics influence commuting distance and mode transportation?: A quantitative case study of Malmö, Southern Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    How mobile people are affects the accessibility which can lead to several benefits like better match in the labour market and economical gain in the labour market. How mobile people are and their accessibility are effected by several factors. The purpose with this study is to see what individual characteristics that influences the choice of mode of transport when commuting and the travelled distance. This was done with a quantitative method that analyzed the Travel Survey of Southern Sweden. The result was carried out from descriptive result and regressions that was analysed. Findings from the result shows that gender, income and origin of birth are the individual characteristic that affects the choice of mode and travelled distance the most. The result can indicate that the commuting is also effected by structures as well as the economical incitement. The most used mode for transport and the probability to go by car increases with the economical gain does as well. 

  • 289.
    Häggedal, Jeanette
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Barns perspektiv på cykling i trafikerade stadsmiljöer: En studie om trafikplanering av cykelvägar på Linnégatan i Göteborg utifrån barns perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate children’s own experience of cycling in a busy urban environment and how children’s understanding of the place can be used in the planning of cycle paths, suitable for children. The primary focus of the study was children’s own perspectives on cycling in busy urban environments and on the environmental factors that affect children’s view on the subject. The study examines child’s relationship to cycling in their everyday life, children’s view on their ability to interact, play and learn in a busy urban environment and their perspective of safety and security in the selected urban area, that was chosen for this study. In addition, the study aim to examine how children communicate their perspectives of places. The method that was used was based on a walk along interview with five children, whom all had reached an age, mature enough to cycle independently. By making use of walk as a method, it was possible to obtain detailed knowledge, where the children express their view and thoughts about the physical environment in direct contact with it. The use of walk as a method gives children the opportunity to express themselves in ways other than verbally.

    The study is based on three key planning concepts regarding children in the physical environment; everyday life, interact, play and learning and health and safety. The study revealed key themes such as children’s perception of their own responsibility, independence, experience and habits. In addition, there were recurring themes, such as ambiguity, discontinuity, clutter and proximity to the cars. These were all factors that led to perceive the busy urban environment as unsafe. Finally, the children suggested clearer markings on the bike path instead of having identical signs for cyclists and motorists, as this created a sense of insecurity in the busy urban environment. Bike paths that lay next to the road should be separated by some kind of railing, to enhance the sense of security. Noted during the walk was that children favoured traffic lights rather that unsupervised pedestrian crossings. However, the children felt that it was necessary to acquire habit and experience to feel safe cycling in busy urban environments.

  • 290.
    Hägglund, Markus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Schilar, Hannelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Keskitalo, E Carina H
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    How is 'Sami tourism' represented in the English-language scholar literature?2019Inngår i: Polar Geography, ISSN 1088-937X, E-ISSN 1939-0513, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 58-68Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    'Sami tourism' seems to be increasing, both as a practice as well as a focus of research attention. The present study illustrates a review of English language literature concerning Sami tourism and discusses the specific perspectives in this. The study uses a systematic literature review approach to grasp these perspectives and summarize the findings of pertinent English-language publications. In total 37 relevant publications were found that focus clearly on both 'tourism' and 'Sami' (28 articles and 9 book chapters, all published between the years 1998-2017). Our analysis identifies three central themes in the literature so far: (1) the roles and limitations of Sami tourism, (2) conflicts regarding tourism development, and (3) the representation of Sami in relation to tourism. Finally, these findings are discussed in relation to broader literature including literature published in regional languages.

  • 291.
    Hällkvist, Lovisa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    En bostadsmarknad för alla?: En studie om bostadsförsörjning för nyanlända i fyra kommuner i norra Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There is a big housing shortage in many municipalities in Sweden. It has become more visible in relation to an increased reception of migrants. A residential is a social right in Sweden and therefore it is important to solve this situation. But how are the municipalities going to do it?

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how the public municipality sector of Umeå, Skellefteå, Piteå and Luleå are planning for new arrivals to enter the housing markets. The study is about to identify how the public sector of the municipalities strategic and concrete are working and if there is any differences between the municipalities.

    The Swedish housing policy is affected from different laws and path dependence. The 1th of mars 2016 a new law was implemented. It is named “bosättningslagen” and determines how many new arrivals each municipality in Sweden is about receive each year. Because of the complex housing stock, few municipalities were able to receive new arrivals earlier. But now the municipalities have to solve the shortage of housing to be able to settle the assigned number.

    To be able to answer the aim, semi structured interviews with workers at each municipality are made with the purpose to get a deeper understanding about the topic and how they work with the question. The result shows that there is an increased need for collaboration within the public sector and also with actors from outside to come up with short- and long term solutions for the current housing shortage in context to the receiving of new arrivals. 

  • 292.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Changing population distribution in Sweden: long term trends and contemporary tendencies2000Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to describe and analyse the population redistribution in Sweden at different geographical levels from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century. The analysis is approached in three different ways. First, the redistribution at different geographical levels is analysed (papers I and II). Second, the changing accessibility between people (interpersonal accessibility) is analysed from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century (paper II). Third, the impacts of fertility, mortality, internal migration, international migration and geographical variations in age composition on population distribution are analysed for the last decades (papers I, III and IV).

    Measurements of concentration have been used in order to analyse the changing population distribution. For the analysis of changing interpersonal accessibility the average population within the daily reach has been calculated for different times. In order to analyse the impacts of fertility, mortality, migration and geographical variations in age composition the actual redistribution of the population is compared with the redistribution generated by a number of counterfactual scenarios. To analyse the impact of international migration the changing distribution of the population in different immigrant groups is compared to the distribution of the Swedish population.

    Some conclusions drawn from the thesis are:

    1. There is no overall trend in the population redistribution towards either concentration or dispersion. The redistribution pattern depends on the time perspective and the geographical level chosen. The population has been both concentrated and dispersed since the beginning of the 19th century. This applies to all investigated geographical levels. In the five identified phases of the redistribution the most common pattern is that concentration and dispersion of the population exist simultaneously on different geographical levels. The total effect of the redistribution between 1810 and 1990 is that today the population is more dispersed at macro-regional level, while it is more concentrated at local and regional level.

    2. Based on assumptions about the daily reach, an average person today has access to about 100 times more people locally compared with the beginning of the 19th century. The most important process for the increased accessibility has been the redistribution of the population. The process that has had the least impact is the assumed increase in daily reach. However the importance of the investigated processes changes over time. Since 1950 the increasing reach has been the most important process. However, the rate by which interpersonal accessibility increases has slowed down since 1950.

    3. The main demographic factor behind the redistribution since 1970 is the geographical differences in age composition and its effects on the natural population change. It is demonstrated that this factor lies behind the trend towards increasing concentration in Sweden, while the impact of migration affects the fluctuations from this trend to a greater extent.

    4. The study shows that immigration concentrates the population, while the internal migration during the 1970s and periodically during the 1980s dispersed the population. However during the 1990s the internal migration has had a concentrating effect on the spatial distribution of the population.

  • 293.
    Höglander, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Turism-för en levande landsbygd?: En studie om turismnäringens möjlighet att bidra till befolkningstillväxt på den svenska landsbygden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 294.
    Hübsch, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Gender equality in County Transportation Plans and potential conflicts with sustainable transportation: A case study from northern Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    That women and men have different travel patterns has been known for a long time, and previous research argues that gender inequality is the reason for the different travel patterns. Thus, integrating a gender equality perspective into transportation planning has been a relevant topic for quite some time. However, it has been proven to be easier said than done. Gender equality has not been given much attention within transportation planning and planners find it difficult to know how to implement a gender equality perspective. By studying two County Transportation Plans developed by regions in northern Sweden and interviewing infrastructural planners as well as gender equality experts, this thesis will investigate how gender equality is managed and integrated in transport planning on a regional level, and how it could be integrated. How gender equality relates to sustainable transportation on a regional level is another research question. The results show that the planners are aware of women’s and men’s different travel patterns, but they have experienced the difficulties of how gender equality can be integrated in the plans, and integration has previously been made with modesty. This is partly due to lack of competence among the planners and because it has not been prioritized. The result also indicates that gender equality can be beneficial for sustainable transportation, but some goal conflicts were found as well. A conclusion it that there seems to exist a paradox among the respondents where they are unsure of if the transportation should adjust to the current travel needs, or promote change. It is seemingly not either the lack of competence that is the reason gender equality has not been prioritized, but the fact that other areas, such as the need of functional connections due to long distances between places has been seen as more important. The competence and knowledge exists, but need to increase among the planners, and gender equality within transportation planning has to be given more attention on a national level and in the directives from the government. 

  • 295.
    Ingelsson, Carolina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    På väg mot ett hållbart resande?: En fallstudie kring den lokala kollektivtrafiken i Umeå tätort2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability and the traffics impact on the environment have become increasingly central within spatial planning. For many years, planning has been focusing on building new roads - this has resulted in increased use of automobiles, which many believe is unsustainable in the longer term. Therefore, authorities at national, regional and local level want to increase the use of alternative transport modes – such as walking, cycling and traveling by bus.

    The thesis intends to study if the Municipality of Umeå’s policies for sustainable development have led to an increased use of public transportation. The use of public transport in Umeå is also compared with developments at national level, in order to see if there are differences in the level and trend. The thesis is mainly descriptive and based on material such as scientific literature, public strategy documents and statistical data sets.

    The study shows that the Municipality of Umeå has set clear goals and strategies to increase the use of public transportation. Some of these goals and strategies have emerged in recent years and the study show that they also led to an increased number of trips by public transport.

  • 296.
    Israelsson, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Att kompensera förlorade naturvärden i urbana miljöer: En marknanvändningskonflikt mellan exploatering och bevarandet av grönytor?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have been characterized by urbanization due to that the cities have widened and increased remarkably in number of inhabitants. The urbanization trend has led to a high pressure on land resources in the city. Many municipalities have therefore developed urban densification as a city development strategy. However, it is not uncommon that urban densification claims the green spaces as a suitable area in exploitation purpose. The reduced urban green areas have contributed to the valuable natural and cultural values are lost. To take compensatory measures of green spaces exploitation has therefore become an increasingly important tool for the modern urban planning. Though urban green spaces have a lot of positive effects in human health and for the environment, many municipalities in Sweden still do not have a strategy of the city greenery neither a strategy of compensation measures.

    This paper aims to investigate and to examine the extent to which compensation measures have been taken for a sample of zoning plans in the cities Umeå, Skellefteå and Piteå. The analysis is based on municipal guide lines of land and water use as well as the zoning plans and interviews with responsible officials in each city. To answer the questions to which compensation measures are used in exploitation of urban green areas and how the urban environment in each town has changed over time a literature study was made as well as a spatial overview in GIS and presentation of relevant data.

    The findings in this study shows that all the investigated cities have adopted a population goal that increases pressure on new housing. Neither of the studied zoning plans has applied adequate compensation measures even though the exploitation is planned on urban green spaces. Neither do any of the municipalities have a strategic approach for urban green areas despite the national authority Boverkets (2012) recommendation for achieving a sustainable urban planning in the present and in the future. 

  • 297.
    Jacob, Hassler
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Long term trends of residential segregation in relation to housing policy in Stockholm: Following indicators of residential segregation over time through spatial analysis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the development of residential segregation over a long time period in Stockholm, Sweden. By following the spatial distribution of two socio- economic indicators and two indicators of housing characteristics between 1930 and 2015, it describes how changing housing policy has affected the indicators. Historic data was gathered and compiled in a longitudinal data base. Spatial analysis of the variables produced results that indicate spatio-temporal variation in all variables, and indicate a central-peripheral pattern that has developed and persisted for long time periods. Variation in spatial distributions of the variables is furthermore connected to changes in undertaken housing policy. Regression models also indicate that the characteristics of residential segregation has arguably been different in different times. The long time period is argued to be important in segregation research because of the longevity of many segregation processes. Following continuous indices of residential segregation over long time periods is important as it may help us understand contemporary trends better, conversely creating better knowledge for policy makers when counter segregation policy is implemented. Long time approaches are, however, lacking the literature, motivating the analysis performed in this thesis.

  • 298.
    Jacobsson, Kajsa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Utformning av landsväg i tätort med hänsyn till oskyddade trafikanters säkerhet: En studie av Storgatan i Robertsfors tätort2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Road with transit traffic in urban areas entails meeting between relatively high-speed vehicle traffic and unprotected road users in a residential environment. In Sweden there are many, small and large urban areas that are crossed by roads in their central parts. These roads can cause traffic at relatively high speed to affect and create problems for the residential environment in the urban area. Roads in urban areas become problematic in relation to safety because traffic is to interact with unprotected road users. With the citizens' movement pattern as a starting point, this study illustrates how the design of the road can be adapted to the citizens to reduce the risk of accidents. The aim of this study was to investigate the unprotected road users' experience and movement patterns in the road environment at Storgatan in the urban area Robertsfors. The focus is on safety for the unprotected road users and to provide suggestions to improve safety.

    This study had a qualitative design and based on observation of movement's patterns among people using Storgatan as well as eight semi-structured interviews. The result showed that unprotected road users, expressed the need to reduce the speed of vehicles early in the urban area, to clearly visualize and protect unprotected road users and the importance of the road being part of the urban area and not a transit road. It also emerged that vehicle traffic has a prominent role in urban environment and should be questioned, as the urban area should be perceived as a safe and attractive environment for the residents. The interaction between vehicle traffic and unprotected road users is clearly unequal based on the results of this study.

  • 299.
    Jansryd, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Riksdagsvalet 2010: En GIS-analys2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Our social lives and where we live shape our choices in life. One of those choices is which party we vote for in the general election. The aim of this thesis is to see if there are any connections between the Swedish general election of 2010, demography, socioeconomic factors and geography. This is done with regression analysis and chosen variables. Another aim is to see where in Sweden the chosen variables aren’t enough to explain the results of the election. The final aim is to examine if there are any differences within municipalities and their electoral areas. The results show that there are several connections between the chosen variables and the results of the election. The most pronounced connection is a positive correlation with the level of education and a negative correlation with unemployment and distance to a major city. There are also several municipalities and their election results that the regression is unable to predict. The examination of the municipalities and their electoral areas shows that there seems to be a bigger difference between the electoral areas in a municipality with many electoral areas.

  • 300.
    Jansson, Bruno
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Borta bra men hemma bäst: svenskars turistresor i Sverige under sommaren1994Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has a long history but research on tourism is recent and linked to the modern mass tourism. Tourism research deals with the subject from three perspectives. First it is treated as a social phenomenon, second as an economic phenomenon and third as a geographic phenomenon. Even in the geographer's eye tourism has many faces ranging from interaction between people and places to land use patterns and influence on the landscape.

    The aim of the study is to analyse tourism travel patterns during the summer vacation period in Sweden. A number of questions are addressed: Who is a tourist? Why do people travel in their leisure time? Why do they choose a particular destination? Do people travel during their vacations and if so, where do they go? Is it possible to genera-lise about the scattered pattern of tourism travel into regions with similar catchment areas and catchment profiles?

    Although tourism as a word has been in the language for a long time and people have an intuitive understanding of the concept, it is still a concept that defies definition. This study uses a partly instrumental and partly role-related definition in the empirical sections.

    A tourist is a person visiting a place other than his home municipality and staying over night The visit shall have purely recreational purposes and no connection with the visitor's business or employment

    After deciding who is a tourist, the next question is: Why does a tourist travel? Many empirical studies show that personal motives are the most important reasons for leisure time travel. Going to another town to visit a relative is tourism. Thus, tourism travel may be viewed partly as a reflection of migration.which thus increases tourism. The tourism is associated with "tour", but the real touring tourist is fairly rare. An interview survey conducted as part of this study showed that about 50 % of the popu­lation is at home at the same time during their vacation period. Habits are stable; this has not changed significantly over the last 20 years. On the other hand, a majority leave home for some period during their vacation, but make only one short over night visit away from home.

    Only four of Sweden's 24 counties received more travellers from counties other than themselves. Travel within the home county is much greater than might be expected.

    This study includes a methodological experiment on regionalization. A normal cluster analysis has been performed with the addition of a neighbor constraint. Destinations for most journeys during the vacation period are secondary homes or places where friends and relatives live. Only approximately one third of all "tourism travel" is tourism in a "pure" sense. This means that most people, although they are travelling during vacations, rarely use tourist facilities. What are normally considered to be tourist attractions are not really attractive to these people. Thus, one conclusion is that the potential market for the tourist business for Swedes in Sweden may be smaller than expected.

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