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  • 251.
    Ericsson, Alexander
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Green Parking Purchase: A Study of Policy, Implementation and Acceptance of Travel Demand Management2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study utilized both quantitative and qualitative methods to investigate different actors and layers of policy, implementation, and reception of pro-environmental Travel Demand Management policy and measures in Umeå. One initiative by Upab (Umeå Parkering AB) and Umeå municipality, Grönt parkeringsköp, which means moving parking spaces from the central area of Umeå and replacing them with facilities that promote sustainable travel, was investigated more thoroughly. The data was collected through a manually distributed survey in three properties that have implemented Grönt parkeringsköp, as well as through interviews with property owners. Utilizing discourse analysis, thematic analysis as well as OLS-regressions, the results have shown that the comprehensive plan of Umeå puts emphasis on sustainable growth to 200 000 inhabitants, as well as minimising car traffic in the central areas of town, mainly through densification of already built-up areas. The property owners stated several motives to implement such policies, including ecological, financial as well as brandstrengthening benefits. Attitudes amongst survey respondents are generally positive towards measures that improve conditions for bicycle users, and more negative towards push-measures. There are different predictors for attitudes and perceived importance of Travel Demand Management measures, including altruism and self-interest. The use of the installed measures through Grönt parkeringsköp however appear to be limited, possibly due to a lack of information.

  • 252.
    Eriksson, David
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Umeå 200 000 invånare: En fallstudie av ett befolkningsmåls genomförbarhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Population growth is something that many Swedish municipalities strive for. Out of the 290 municipalities in the country, 115 of them have population targets and 103 state that they are targeting an increased population. Umeå in the north of Sweden is one of those municipalities and has a vision to have 200,000 inhabitants by the year of 2050.

    This study aims to critically exam Umeå municipality’s likelihood on fulfilling its vision to have 200,000 inhabitants. Furthermore, the aim is to illustrate the municipality’s planning regarding the spatial distribution of this population growth. This is done by comparing historical average growth data with population projections and the average growth which is required to fulfill the vision. Neither the historical average growth, latest ten years or the population projection done by Umeå is sufficient for the municipality to reach 200,000 inhabitants.

    Among other growth processes, the number of employments in the municipality need to increase to be able to reach the population target. The municipality estimates that 94,000 jobs are required, which is an additional 33,800 from current levels. Neither the historical growth rate last 32 years or the more current last ten years’ rate is sufficient for the number required year 2050.The assessment is that it is unlikely that the municipality will achieve its population target as the rate of growth required is that much higher than both current growth levels and the projected levels in the near future. Even if the goal would to be unattained, the question can be asked if it should be considered as a failure since the municipality still is projected to be under growth, just not to the extent of the targeted levels.

  • 253.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Svenska slott med hotellverksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks upon the castles in Sweden that have transformed from private residence to running a hotel business on the premises. The focus of the study lies in the differences and similarities of the segmentation and marketing aspects of the hotel business of the castles compared between the different counties where they are located. Conducting interviews based on a questionnaire the scientist was able to get responses from 22 castles operating with as hotels out of a total number of 28 such castles in Sweden. The study shows that the seasonal changes in bookings vary both with the type of customer segmentation the castles have chosen and the geographical location of the castles. The main seasonal changes for the majority of the castles fall in line with the hotel business as a whole in Sweden. 

  • 254.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Bostadsbyggande i bostadsbrist: Sker bostadsbyggande på bekostnad av rekreations- och naturområden?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 255.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Components and Drivers of Long-term Risk Communication: Exploring the Within- Communicator, Relational, and Content Dimensions in the Swedish Forest Context2017Inngår i: Organization & environment, ISSN 1086-0266, E-ISSN 1552-7417, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 162-179Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk communication is important for a sustainable management of natural resources. Even though risk management is ideally ongoing, studies of long-term risk communication from the perspective of the communicator are lacking. This case study examined the preparation and implementation of forest risk communication in Sweden. Interviews were conducted with advisors at the Swedish Forest Agency, responsible for providing information to forest owners and professional foresters dealing with risks damaging the forest (e.g., storms and forest management damaging ecological values). The communicator’s perspective was analyzed based on a conceptual framework describing risk communication by means of the components: within communicator, relational, and content. Potential drivers of the preparation and implementation of risk communication in this context, intersecting the three components, included the policy and regulatory framework, the management of the agency, the location of the agency, and the balancing of different interests.

  • 256.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Conventional and new ways of governing forest threats: a study of stakeholder coherence in Sweden2018Inngår i: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 61, s. 103-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a framework for analyzing stakeholder coherence horizontally and vertically, the present study examined the governance of forest threats in Sweden. Opinions of forest risk governance in stakeholder groups with and without a connection to private forestry were compared (n = 2496) and the opinions were analyzed in relation to current governance practices. More specifically, forest threat appraisals, trust in the Swedish Forest Agency (SFA), and the acceptability of forest risk policy measures directed at private forest owners were assessed. Results revealed an overall coherence between different stakeholders in this context. However, the groups differed in, for example, the acceptability of the hypothetical regulative measure aiming to reduce damages threatening the forest long-term (e.g., climate change). Furthermore, an extensive use of advice for a fee may challenge particularly the internal, but also the external, legitimacy of forest risk governance. The forest owner stakeholder group showed lower threat appraisals when evaluating threat to one’s own forest rather than to the Swedish forest, except regarding browsing by animals. Regulations were not disapproved of in any of the stakeholder groups, although the forest owner group generally displayed higher acceptability of encouraging measures compared to the general public. Trust in the SFA was furthermore confirmed as an important driver of policy acceptability, and higher threat appraisals of novel threats, such as climate change and fire, resulted in a higher acceptability of measures less central or new in this context. The value of analyzing stakeholder coherence for natural resource management and governance is discussed.

  • 257.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Effects of policy measures and moderating factors on climate change adaptation among private forest owners in Sweden2018Inngår i: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 409-423Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Threats associated with climate change may damage forests. To encourage adaptation in countries with a lot of privately owned forest, policy measures directed at private forest owners may be implemented. By means of policy scenarios, the present study examined the effects of two hypothetical policies: an advice and an economic incentive, on climate change adaptation among private forest owners in Sweden (n = 753 and n = 729). Both policies strengthened the intention to adapt, although results also revealed that individual variables (i.e., forest values), and a contextual variable (i.e., being in an encouraging social risk management context) were important for the owners’ response. Production forest values and social risk management context furthermore moderated the effect of policy on intention to adapt, suggesting that the economic incentive was mainly more effective than the advice among owners with strong production values and among owners in less encouraging social risk management contexts.

  • 258.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Explaining gender differences in private forest risk management2018Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 33, nr 7, s. 716-723Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, lower levels of forest management activities have been observed among female forest owners compared to male owners. The present study examined potential explanations for gender differences in private forest risk management among forest owners in Sweden (n=1482) using a questionnaire. Results from this study confirmed a slightly lower level of forest risk management among female owners in proactively combating damage caused by climate change and animal browsing when compared to their male counterparts. Further gender differences were revealed on a structural level. For example, female owners displayed higher levels of education and were more often non-resident owners and urban owners, as compared to their male counterparts. In addition, female and male owners differed regarding social-psychological variables (e.g. forest values and threat and coping appraisals). However the greatest gender difference was found in involvement in forest planning and forestry work. Even though gender differences were evident on multiple levels, involvement in forest issues and forest planning were found to be most important for explaining gender differences in forest risk management. By disentangling predictors of gender differences in private forest risk management, this study may contribute to a more strategic gender approach to forest risk governance.

  • 259.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Exploring underpinnings of forest conflicts: a study of forest values and beliefs in the general public and among private forest owners in Sweden2012Inngår i: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 25, nr 11, s. 1102-1117Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on a hierarchical cognitive structure, the aim of this study was to compare forest values and beliefs in the general public and among forest owners in Sweden. Based on questionnaire data (n = 1,805), intergroup differences were identified on different cognitive levels. For example, while the forest owners emphasized production values more than the general public, the difference was smaller regarding more specific beliefs concerning profitability in forestry. In contrast, the general public emphasized recreation more than the forest owners, although the divide was mainly evident for certain recreation activities. While results demonstrated overlapping beliefs concerning owners' right to decide over their forest, larger differences were found regarding the rights of other actors (e.g., the general public). Furthermore, a cluster analysis based on forest values and forest-specific beliefs demonstrated heterogeneous groups cutting across the original group dichotomy. The implications for understanding underpinnings of forest conflicts are discussed.

  • 260.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Risk Perception and Responses Among Private Forest Owners in Sweden2014Inngår i: Small-scale Forestry, ISSN 1873-7617, E-ISSN 1873-7854, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 483-500Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest risk management influences economic, recreation, and ecological values in the forest. To improve the understanding of forest risk management among private forest owners, in-depth interviews were carried out with 20 individual private forest owners in Sweden. Within an environmental stress framework, the forest owners' overall perception of a range of risks, or threats, that they perceive may damage their forest or harm them as a forest owner was uncovered. Overall, results revealed that the owners generally were not very concerned about forest risks. Nevertheless, natural hazards, such as storms and fires, and societal processes including political decisions concerning for example environmental regulations were mentioned among the most serious threats. Proactive as well as reactive strategies were used to deal with the risks-for example, insurance and forest management strategies. Because climate change is a potentially new risk that may affect forest owners, the owners' climate change perceptions were explored. The owners emphasised uncertainties and displayed a rather optimistic view of the impacts of climate change on their forests now and in the future. Two dimensions-risk tolerance and perceived control over risks-characterised forest owners' risk perception and responses. In addition, the susceptibility of the forest, previous risk experience, forest values, and the extent to which the owner is dependent on the forest-for example, economically-were relevant for understanding how risks are evaluated.

  • 261.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    The importance of threat, strategy, and resource appraisals for long-term proactive risk management among forest owners in Sweden2017Inngår i: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 20, nr 7, s. 868-886Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In natural hazards management, it is important to understand what motivates people to act when they or their property are threatened by natural hazards. Despite the importance of both threat and coping appraisals for responses to threats, less is known about the relations between threat and coping appraisals when risk management is long term. The present study examined appraisals of threat (cognitive and emotional), personal resources (cost and self-efficacy), and strategies (response-efficacy) as predictors of proactive management responses (past behavior and future intention) among forest owners in Sweden by means of a questionnaire (n = 1482). A path analysis revealed that threat appraisals and response-efficacy were direct predictors of past risk management behavior and the intention to respond in the future. Appraisals of resources, including cost and self-efficacy, were indirectly – via forest susceptibility and threat appraisals – related to threat responses. Although the model displayed reasonable fit for both owners more and those less involved in forestry, the cognitive appraisals variable was not a significant predictor of responses among owners less involved in forestry. In the full sample, the examined model explained approximately 50% of the variance in threat appraisals, and 28 and 17% in future intention and past behavior, respectively. Theoretical implications for how threat and coping appraisals are related during long-term risk management, and practical implications for forest risk management, are discussed.

  • 262.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Björkman, Christer
    Klapwijk, Maartje J.
    General Public Acceptance of Forest Risk Management Strategies in Sweden: Comparing Three Approaches to Acceptability2018Inngår i: Environment and Behavior, ISSN 0013-9165, E-ISSN 1552-390X, Vol. 50, nr 2, s. 159-186Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global change calls for more active approaches to forest risk management. To avoid unforeseen backlashes, it is necessary to examine the general public's acceptance of the risk management strategies. By drawing on different theoretical approaches (threat and prevention, performance evaluations, and forest cognitions), the present study examines predictors of acceptability in the general public in three counties in Sweden (N = 1,026). As expected, appraisals of threat mediated the effect of threat awareness on belief in risk prevention, and when examining performance evaluations, trust in responsible actors influenced acceptability via procedural satisfaction. However, the threat and prevention approach and the performance evaluation approach only explained low levels of the variance in acceptability of the examined strategies. Nevertheless, stronger ecological forest values, and favoring broadleaved forests, were found to be important to the acceptability of proactively implementing a more diverse forest to meet the expected challenges associated with global climate change.

  • 263.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Boberg, Johanna
    Cech, Thomas L.
    Corcobado, Tamara
    Desprez-Loustau, Marie-Laure
    Hietala, Ari M.
    Horta Jung, Marília
    Jung, Thomas
    Lehtijarvi, Hatice Tugba Dogmus
    Oskay, Funda
    Slavov, Slavtcho
    Solheim, Halvor
    Stenlid, Jan
    Oliva, Jonàs
    Invasive forest pathogens in Europe: Cross-country variationin public awareness but consistency in policy acceptability2019Inngår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Political action can reduce introductions of diseases caused by invasive forest pathogens (IPs) and public support is important for effective prevention. The public’s awareness of IP problems and the acceptability of policies aiming to combat these pathogens were surveyed in nine European countries (N = 3469). Although awareness of specific diseases (e.g., ash dieback) varied, problem awareness and policy acceptability were similar across countries. The public was positive towards policies for informational measures and stricter standards for plant production, but less positive towards restricting public access to protected areas. Multilevel models, including individual and country level variables, revealed that media exposure was positively associated with awareness of IP problems, and strengthened the link between problem awareness and policy acceptability. Results suggest that learning about IPs through the media and recognizing the associated problems increase policy acceptability. Overall, the study elaborates on the anthropogenic dimension of diseases caused by IPs.

  • 264.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Psykologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Garvill, Jörgen
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Psykologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Psykologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Acceptability of travel demand management measures: The importance of problem awareness, personal norm, freedom, and fairness2006Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 15-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 265.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Vilka platser betyder vad? En intervjstudie om människors flyttningar.2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 266.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    How is setting preference related to intention to engage in forest recreation activities?2013Inngår i: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, ISSN 1618-8667, E-ISSN 1610-8167, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 481-489Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban forests provide opportunities for outdoor recreation to many people. Knowledge of the motives for visiting forests is needed for the planning and management of these forests. Since forests are used for a diverse set of recreational activities, however, the motives for different activities are multifaceted. To explore recreational motives, this scene preference study conducted in Sweden examined relations between setting evaluations (i.e., mystery, legibility, valence, and activation), setting preference, general forest perceptions, and intention to engage in forest activities. Two alternative models were examined in relation to five different activities: walking, going on outings, exercising, picking berries or mushrooms, and studying plants and animals. Results revealed that preference mediated between setting evaluations and intention to go on outings, whereas setting evaluations were direct predictors of intention to walk and exercise. However, the models did not describe antecedents of intention to pick berries or mushrooms, or to study plants and animals, satisfactorily. In addition, general forest perceptions, particularly emphasising the restorative qualities of forests, were important for intention to engage in all the examined recreation activities. Results are discussed in relation to landscape preference research and attitude-behaviour theory. In addition, practical implications for encouraging forest recreation are highlighted.

  • 267.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Beliefs about urban fringe forests among urban residents in Sweden2012Inngår i: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, ISSN 1618-8667, E-ISSN 1610-8167, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 321-328Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine predictors of beliefs about urban fringe forests among urban residents in Sweden (n = 586). Based on a cognitive hierarchical model, the study investigated how socio-demographic variables, as well as different values and beliefs, were related to the more specific beliefs urban residents have about urban fringe forests. Results demonstrated that the urban fringe forest was perceived to be essential for personal wellbeing, but preservation and accessibility to the forest were also important. Certain differences between socio-demographic groups were identified; for example, the importance of urban fringe forests for personal wellbeing was emphasized more by women, older people and those with a university degree. However, the importance of socio-demographic variables was modest compared with the influence of people's values and beliefs. More specifically, results showed that urban residents' basic values and ecological worldview, as well as forest values and beliefs (i.e., concerning forest qualities and forest requirements), were important in explaining their beliefs about urban fringe forests. Overall, the study revealed that urban residents are characterized by a heterogeneous set of beliefs concerning urban fringe forests. Recognizing these multiple beliefs in urban fringe forest development processes may help mitigate future conflicts between forest visitors, urban planners, forest owners and forest managers, thus enhancing our way toward good urban living environments.

  • 268.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Recreation in different forest settings: a scene preference study2012Inngår i: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 923-943Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recreation  activity  preferences  in  forest  settings  were  explored  in  a  scene preference  study.  The  importance  of  type  of  human  intervention   and  the  level  of biodiversity for preference and intention to engage in recreation activities were examined in a sample of forestry and social science students in Sweden. Results showed that forestry students displayed an almost equally strong preference for natural-looking  scenes as for scenes  with traces  of recreation  (e.g., paths),  whereas  social  science  students  preferred recreational scenes the most. Least preferred were scenes with traces of forest management. Different  forest  settings  were  furthermore  preferred  for  different  recreation  activities. Recreational settings were favored for walking and going on outings, and natural-looking settings were more appreciated for picking berries or mushrooms. Respondents displayed a stronger intention to study plants and animals in high biodiversity settings and the intention to  exercise  was  stronger  in  low  biodiversity  settings.  Implications  for  future  land  use planning and forest management are discussed.

  • 269.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Schenk, Tilman
    Department of Geography, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    A study of forest values and management attitudes in the general public in Germany and Sweden: does context matter?2015Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 58, nr 8, s. 1412-1431Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the reasoning that contextual variations are important for understanding differences in forest cognitions, this study examined forest values and management attitudes in the general public in Germany (n = 1135) and Sweden (n = 1311) by means of a questionnaire. Results indicated that the public in both countries emphasised similar forest values, and the overall pattern was comparable for different types of forest, although certain differences based on forest type and country were evident. For example, the German public was more ecologically oriented, whereas the Swedish public was more production oriented in its forest values and management attitudes. Furthermore, ecological and various anthropocentric forest values were perceived to be quite compatible, with the Swedish respondents perceiving this to a greater extent than the German. The overall cognitive structure of forest values and management attitudes was similar in both countries, although differences were revealed, particularly regarding attitudes.

  • 270.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    The general public´s support for forest policy in Sweden: a value belief approach2013Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 56, nr 6, s. 850-867Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, the legitimacy of the forest policy in Sweden was explored. Based on a value belief approach, the general public's support for forest policy was examined by means of a questionnaire (n=796). Results demonstrated that the respondents believed ecological principles, such as sustaining natural conditions for native plants and animals, were most important in forest policy, but preservation of social values and using the forest efficiently to maintain high market value were also emphasised. Although socio-demographic variables (i.e. gender and age) had some impact on support for the policy, different values and beliefs reflecting ecological, social and economic interests were more important. By considering different values and beliefs, as well as policy support explicitly, the study provides a multifaceted account of the public's viewpoint regarding forest issues.

  • 271.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Narratives of Mobility and Modernity: Representations of Places and People Among Young Adults in Sweden2017Inngår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 23, nr 2, artikkel-id e2002Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyse young adults' experiences of moving and the role of identity narratives; how intersecting and multiple identities are constructed through their mobility; and the significance of space and representations of space and place in the processes of subject formation. The focus of this paper is on stories of mobility and the representations of one of many European rural peripheries: the Swedish North. The narratives offer alternative ways of thinking of the urban and the rural; people desire and belong across the places of migration. Even so, the hegemonic neoliberal understanding of the city as progress is reproduced by the informants, while at the same time some of them describe the rural as progressive for valuing the immaterial things people today have forgotten. These narratives can be viewed as ways of both reproducing and resisting the neoliberal understanding of the 'need to be mobile'.

  • 272.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Om människor och platser som är i vägen för det 'moderna'2013Inngår i: Norrländsk Journal, ISSN 2001-6190, nr 0, s. 52-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 273.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Rasismen: viktig för den svenska identiteten2005Inngår i: Dagens ETC, ISSN 1652-8980Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 274.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Staden på kartan2014Inngår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 37-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    För Umeå har utmärkelsen till kulturhuvudstad 2014 till stor del handlat om att bygga vidare på ett redan vitalt kulturliv, att försöka bli ännu bättre. Staden har genomgått snabba förändringar inför detta år, på ytan utan såväl som på djupet. Vad innebär dessa förändringar? Vad ska ett kulturhuvudstadsår vara och för vem? Kulturgeograferna Madeleine Eriksson och Rikard Eriksson skriver om Kulturhuvudstaden Umeå och om vad den kulturdrivna entreprenörsandan vill skapa för slags samhälle. 

  • 275.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Spatial Otherness and Places of Others: Urban and Rural Imaginaries in Sweden2013Inngår i: Justice spatiale et politiques territoriales / [ed] Frédéric Dufaux, Pascale Philifert, Paris: Presses Universitaires de Paris Ouest , 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 276.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Priested Nielsen, Helene
    Aalborg University.
    Paulgaard, Gry
    Tromso University.
    The internal other: reproducing and reworking center and periphery2015Inngår i: Remapping gender, place and mobility: global confluences and local particularities in Nordic Peripheries / [ed] Stine Thidemann Faber and Helene Pristed Nielsen, Hants, England: Ashgate, 2015, s. 37-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter contains a critical discussion of constructions of centre and periphery in a Nordic context. Specifically, it takes its starting point in media representations of northernmost Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and discusses how discursive constructions of these geographic localities contribute to a co-production of a presumably egalitarian and forward-looking Nordic centre (i.e. the national capital regions). Relying on Said´s notion of Othering (1978), the chapter presents a post-colonial reading of productions of ‘internal others’ in a Nordic context – internal others who are delegated to the geographic as well as the social margins of the presumably modern, gender equal and future oriented Nordic welfare state. Despite widely diverging geographic and demographic realities in the three regions debated in this chapter, they arguably share a territorial stigma (Wacquant 1996; 2007), which may take various expressions either through exoticising or romantising these localities, or presenting them as the last strongholds of xenophobes and bigots within an otherwise open-minded and progressive Nordic welfare state.

  • 277.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Samuelsson, Johannes
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Möjligheterna att upprätthålla god hygien saknas: Brattby vårdhems historia2012Inngår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 10-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 278.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Samuelsson, Johannes
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Platsens (natur)resurser och ortshierarkins logik2015Inngår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 4, nr 34, s. 44-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 279.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    New figurations of labor in gendered global circuits: migrant workers in the forest berry industry in Norrland, Sweden2015Inngår i: Remapping gender, place and mobility: global confluences and local particularities in Nordic peripheries / [ed] Stine Thidemann Faber and Helene Pristed Nielsen, Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2015, s. 127-142Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary global processes of industrialisation in Asia and de-industrialisation in the rural periphery of Scandinavia produce connections and new figurations of labour that need to be studied in order to tell effective stories about our contemporary world. While urbanisation, industrialisation and labour struggles and organization are increasingly taking place in East Asia (Therborn 2013), some groups of workers engage in international labour migrations to the natural resource based economies of rural Northern Sweden. These industries depend heavily on, primarily, male migrant workers. The ‘coeval multiplicity’ and ‘radical contemporaneity’ (Massey 2005) of rural-urban changes in Asia and transformations in the peripheries of Scandinavia link in complex ways the lives of Asian migrant workers to the rural North of Sweden, through for instance, global production networks and supply chains, and social networks and recruitments by intermediaries. The purpose of this study is, by way of studying representations in media, examine globalist strategies within these rural areas as we argue these areas both function as contrasts, and make up important modernization projects for the global capital and globalist planning (Tsing, 2000). Furthermore, global processes make certain futures possible for different places and people and these processes are transforming relations of class, gender and race/ethnicity. Hence, by analysing the narratives of workers and different actors in natural resource based industries in northern Sweden, we examine the new figurations of labour and the ways in which international labour migrants are implicated in these new figurations; through their everyday practices of work, family life and political agency. 

  • 280.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    'Of Berries and Seasonal Work': The Swedish Berry Industry and the Disciplining of Labour Migration from Thailand2013Inngår i: Disciplining the Transnational Mobility of People / [ed] Geiger, Martin and Pecoud, Antoine, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, s. ?-Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 281.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    The production of the rural landscape and its labour: the development of supply chain capitalism in the Swedish berry industry2018Inngår i: Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, ISSN 1732-4254, E-ISSN 2083-8298, Vol. 40, nr 40, s. 68-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased commercial interest in wild berries in Northern Sweden's resource periphery has connected places and people to a global berry supply chain that produces goods for world markets. As a part of a wider global food chain, every link in this chain is deeply insecure and partly marked by secrecy and mystification. Contemporary representations of the Norrlandic landscape tend to obscure and hide economic conflicts and power relations connected to resource exploitation and corporate concentration, neglecting workers and local communities. This paper examines how globalization, neoliberal policies and the development of supply chain capitalism drive changes in labour markets and migration policies, which in turn shape/and are shaped by both material and immaterial aspects of the Norrlandic landscape. While many studies of global food chains have focused on abstract patterns of chain governance, business economics and logistics, we analyse the wild berry industry by centring on migrant workers and the production of a distinct spatiality through interconnectedness and historical conjuncture, with a starting point in a particular place in the interior of Norrland. We thereby contribute to a different narrative of the Norrlandic landscape, making visible power and labour relations.

  • 282.
    Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Child health and place: How is neighborhood social capital associated with child health injuries?2017Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, nr Suppl_3, s. 41-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Child health inequalities can be explained by social determinants of health, including neighborhood social capital. Swedish research about place effects on children's health is limited. This project aims to contribute to knowledge on how neighborhood social capital may influence child health in the Swedish context. The overall research questions were: What is the incidence rate of child injuries in the living environments among boys and girls? What are the associations between neighborhood social capital and child injuries?

    Methods: Child injury data from the Umeå SIMSAM Lab were utilized, with data from all children 0-12 years of age, living in Umeå municipality during 2006-2009. Individual child injury and residential area data were linked to a neighborhood social capital index, where 49 defined neighborhoods were assigned a score from low- high in social capital, based on people’s perceptions about their neighborhoods. Individual, household and neighborhood demographic and socioeconomic variables (country of birth, educational level, income and family type) were also extracted from the Umeå SIMSAM lab. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to analyze factors associated with child injury.

    Results: We observed 3930 injury events that occurred in the living environments, experienced by 24 000 children who lived in 14 767 households within 49 neighborhoods. The incidence rate of child injuries was about 72.5/1000 for boys and 60/1000 for girls. The odds for child injures was lower in neighborhoods with high social capital compared to neighborhoods with low social capital (OR 0.87 95%CI 0.80-0.95) after controlling for demographic and socioeconomic factors at individual, household and neighborhood level. The protective effects of neighborhood social capital were stronger for girls than boys.

    Conclusions: Neighborhood social capital may have a protective effect on child injuries and especially so for girls.

    Key messages:

    • Neighborhood conditions have a significant influence on child health inequalities in the Swedish context, including inequalities in child injuries.
    • Mobilization of neighborhood social capital might be good investment for reducing child injuries.
  • 283.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    A Golden Combination: The Formation of Monetary Policy in Sweden after World War I2015Inngår i: Enterprise & society, ISSN 1467-2227, E-ISSN 1467-2235, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 556-579Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From a European perspective, what sets apart the Swedish return to the gold standard at prewar parity in 1924 is not only that it occurred before that of every other nation, including the United Kingdom, but also that it could be made by politicians without interference from the central bank. Against this background, it is argued that this decision may be related to the combined impact of two political positions that affected policy making in a crucial way. In a domestic policy context in which minority governments needed support from other parties to realize their political ambitions, the Social Democrats and Conservatives both developed separate positions in favor of an early return of the gold standard during the first part of the 1920s. Because these parties together formed a majority in both chambers of Parliament, a stable political support for a return of the gold standard could thereby emerge.

  • 284.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    A regime for coordination and integration. The Swedish-Finnish ferry traffic within the Nordic cooperation arrangements, 1961-1983.2012Inngår i: Färjefart: historiska och etnologiska perspektiv på färjetrafiken mellan Finland och Sverige / [ed] Kasper Westerlund, Åbo: Sjöhistoriska Institutet vid Åbo Akademi , 2012, s. 65-81Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 285.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    A Troubled Continuity: Agencies and Path Dependence in Interwar Swedish Railway Policy2016Inngår i: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 27-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the abortive attempt by the Swedish Socialisation Commission to reform the Swedish State Railways (SJ) after World War I. It is argued that the decisive opposition to this proposal from SJ and the Swedish Federation of Industries may be related to the fact that railway policy in Sweden, as in many other countries, included a number of conditions that predisposed these agencies to established policy and budgets. In this regard, the article demonstrates how existing railway policy constrained the involved actors to such an extent that they persisted with the established arrangements, even if that decision implied a continued inability to deal with the financial imbalances that gradually undermined the railway sector.

  • 286.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    Between Two Regimes: Continuity and Change in the Swedish Transport Utilities, 1939-20102016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the liberalization of the Swedish transport utilities during the last decades from a regime change perspective. Here, focus lies on how regime coordination mechanisms such as the regulation of markets, the administrative and bureaucratic organization of utilities and the State-interest group relations has changed as a market-oriented regime has replaced a State-oriented regime after 1990. It is demonstrated that these changes do not follow the general patterns of policy change identified within previous research. Rather than as an institutional continuity through reproductive adaptation or abrupt disruptive change caused by exogenous pressures, regime change in the examined cases has a different character which combines these elements. Even if it the process of change was triggered by the economic crisis in the 1990s as an exogenous force, it is demonstrated that the previous regime has been transformed through a slow, yet distinctively disruptive change over the last decades.  

  • 287.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    Beyond industrial policy: state intervention in the Swedish electricity supply industry, 1936–19462015Inngår i: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 57, nr 6, s. 903-918Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As in other Western European countries, the emergence of a national network for electricity transmission in Sweden was accompanied by a greater degree of State intervention in the electricity supply sector. The aim of this article is to elucidate the institutional background to the decision in 1946 by the Social Democratic government to transfer control of the national grid to the Swedish National Power Board. It is demonstrated that this decision not only was linked to a general industrial policy to promote energy supply. It was also linked to the agricultural and cohesion policies which emerged during the 1940s.

  • 288.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    Embedding Big Business: The Political Economy of the 1938 Corporate Tax Reform in Sweden2014Inngår i: Enterprise & society, ISSN 1467-2227, E-ISSN 1467-2235, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 285-306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the business–government relations during the policy and decision-making processes that preceded the 1938 corporate tax reform in Sweden. This reform involved creating a new tax system under the turbulent economic conditions of the interwar period. But while literature on tax history has found that such circumstances often disable actors from agreeing on tax policies, a constructive outcome was still reached in the Swedish case. In this regard, it is demonstrated that one crucial factor behind the creation of the 1938 corporate tax reform was the formation of a coalition between the Social Democratic party and the business peak associations around a number of areas where their taxation interests coincided. Here, the Social Democrats agreed to shelter profits from corporations as long as they were managed according to the intentions of their countercyclical economic policy that encouraged industrial investments and employment expansion.

  • 289.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    I samma båt: Samarbetet mellan staten och skogsindustrin under efterkrigstidens isbrytarpolitik2018Inngår i: Forum navale, ISSN 0280-6215, E-ISSN 2002-0015, Vol. 74, s. 124-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 290.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    På spaning efter en svensk modell2013Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 133, nr 4, s. 747-748Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 291.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Staten och kollektivtrafiken i glesa bygder efter 1989: översikt och policyanalys2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport belyser vad som hänt med turtäthet och trafikutbud i några glesa områden sedan 1989 – då trafikhuvudmannareformen genomfördes. Rapporten ingår i det av Vinnova finansierade projektet Resande i glesa bygder – kvinnors och mäns livsförutsättningar (Dnr 2006-02279), ett projekt som syftar till att belysa och diskutera de olika villkor för dagligt resande och dagligt liv som människor i glesare områden har.

    I projektet testar vi tre myter; (i) den om den homogena glesbygden, alltså det faktum att "glesbygden" inte är en, utan många, sinsemellan olika och mer eller mindre områden, (ii) den om förstelnade könsrelationer i glesbygd och (iii) den om en transportpolitik som är anpassad till de behov människor i skilda geografiska miljöer har. I denna rapport knyter vi an till den tredje myten om ensammanhållen och oföränderlig transportpolitik för hela landet. En övergripande trafikpolitisk målsättning är att erbjuda människor och näringsliv i samtliga landets delar en tillfredsställande transportförsörjning. Sedan Länshuvudmannareformen 1988 har stora insatser gjorts för att få till stånd fungerande, för resenärerna attraktiv, och samhällsekonomiskt lönsam kollektivtrafik. Inte minst har olika försök gjorts att finna alternativa trafiklösningar i glesbygd. Det nedslående resultatet är dock att trots många och goda försök fungerar inte kollektivtrafik i glesbygd; passagerarunderlaget är för lågt, länstrafikbolagen kan inte få ekonomi i verksamheten, och resenärerna – både kvinnor och män – väljer bil. Skillnaden mellan politiska mål och faktiskt vardagsliv har till stor del att göra med myten om den oföränderliga glesbygden.

  • 292.
    Eriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Adapting to liberalization: government procurement of interregional passenger transports in Sweden, 1989–20082012Inngår i: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 24, s. 182-188Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the last two decades of Swedish deregulation and liberalization of railwaysand airlines have affected the government procurement of interregional passenger transports in sparselypopulated areas. Regarding railways, our investigation shows that the area traditionally targeted forregional policy received in 2008 slightly more government procured traffic in personal kilometers perpopulation share than in 1989. As for civil aviation, the number of passengers travelling between theStockholm-Arlanda airport and airports in the regional development area had increased substantiallyduring the same period. This continuity of territorial cohesion suggests that while the new procurementpolicies were based on a general ambition to deregulate and liberalize the markets, they still allowed for areproduction and assimilation of certain elements in the previous policy.

  • 293.
    Eriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Regional Policy as Interaction between National Institutions and Regional Science: The Nordic Growth Centre Policies, 1965-19802013Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 367-386Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a reaction to emerging regional imbalances, discussions regarding growth centre policy began in the Nordic countries during the latter part of the 1960s. At this time, a working group within EFTA provided a policy option based on international theories from urban and agglomeration economics. Within the actual growth centre policies in Norway, Sweden and Finland, central elements from the EFTA concept related to the scale of the centres were however not adopted. Instead, growth centres were located to places which had a smaller population than the 30 000 inhabitants recommended by the EFTA concept. This outcome was related to the fact that the EFTA concept was adapted to the existing regional policy institutions. As these institutions were egalitarian and redistributive in character, the Nordic growth centre policies favoured a more dispersed settlement structure than suggested by the EFTA concept.

  • 294.
    Eriksson, Michael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Att skapa förutsättningar för destinationsutveckling - en fallstudie om ett samverkansprojekt i Stockholms skärgård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There are several destinations in Sweden that extend beyond municipal boundaries. In order to develop these destinations, municipal collaboration must be concluded with the aim of working together for the future and development of the destination.

    The purpose of this essay is to study how interaction between participants in an municipal collaboration project leads to strategic decisions about destination development. Through four interviews with participants from the steering committee taking strategic decisions about the development of Stockholm archipelago, the study's purpose and questions have been answered.

    The result is presented through three themes and five categories identified by analyzing the interviews with thematic analysis. It is clear from the results that the participants in the collaborative project work in relation to the geography that characterizes the Stockholm archipelago. A concrete example presented is that a new ferry line has been developed through the interaction of the operators at the destination with the aim of improving the poor transports that are a problem in the archipelago. Furthermore, the result of the study shows that the work of creating common visions and goals is a complex process that municipal officials do not have the mandate to influence over. This makes cooperation more difficult since each participating municipality must prioritize its vision first and the destinations in second. 

  • 295.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Regionala och individuella effekter av ekonomiska kriser och företagsnedläggningar2017Inngår i: Thule: Kungl. Skytteanska samfundets årsbok / [ed] Roger Jacobsson, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska samfundet , 2017, s. 99-113Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    While the destruction of economic activities on the one hand can be regarded as a necessary component of the creation of new activities that also tend to have positive long-term macro-economic effects, it is, on the other hand, more than obvious that the regional ability to accommodate such changes varies considerably both across and within countries. This paper discusses under which conditions economic crises indeed may trigger processes that may lead to a renewal of regional skills and industries, and when (and where) this is less likely to happen. It does so by presenting recent conceptual advances in the field of Evolutionary Economic Geography together with ongoing research from a project using Swedish longitudinal micro-data. Preliminary findings suggest that regions with economic endowments that are complementary to each other (i.e., related) are better in accommodating chocks since that allow the workforce to more easily find new employment without being subject to skill destruction. A relative absence of related activities, however, increases the risk of unemployment, income losses and outmigration. Hence, related activities not only reduce the individual adjustment costs in relation to redundancies, it also enhances regional resilience by allowing a successful economic diversification

  • 296.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Umeå utvecklas om fler bor kvar2011Inngår i: Västerbottens-Kuriren, ISSN 1104-0246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 297.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Work–life advantage: Sustaining regional learning and innovation2018Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 52, nr 9, s. 1306-1307Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 298.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Forslund, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    How do universities contribute to employment growth?: The role of human capital and knowledge bases2014Inngår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 22, nr 12, s. 2584-2604Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze whether employment growth is faster in regions housing a university compared to non-university regions. We argue that universities per se are less likely to trigger externalities that facilitate employment growth. Instead we propose that it depends on the concentration of different skills in that particular region. This is analyzed by running a number of OLS regressions, based on official data on municipal level from Statistics Sweden, on how concentrations of human capital, analytic-, synthetic- and symbolic- knowledge bases in Swedish university regions influence employment growth 2002-2008. The results indicate that presence of universities per se do not influence employment growth. However, the findings suggest that university regions with high concentrations of human capital and, in particular, with employees characterized by the synthetic knowledge base, show higher growth rates. This implies that the influence of universities on employment is greatest in regions with high concentrations of skills able to apply the knowledge created in universities. Consequently, the regional composition of skills needs to match the knowledge produced by universities for significant university-induced spillovers to occur. 

  • 299.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hane-Weijman, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    How do regional economies respond to crises?: The geography of job creation and destruction in Sweden (1990–2010)2017Inngår i: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 87-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    By means of Swedish longitudinal micro-data, the aim of this paper is to analyse how regional economies respond to crises. This is made possible by linking gross employment flows to the notion of regional resilience. Our findings indicate that despite a steady national employment growth, only the three metropolitan regions have fully recovered from the recession of 1990. Further, we can show evidence of high levels of job creation and destruction in both declining and expanding regions and sectors, and that the creation of jobs is mainly attributable to employment growth in incumbent firms, while job destruction is primarily due to exits and micro-plants. Although the geography of resistance to crises and the ability of adaptability in the aftermath vary, our findings suggest that cohesive (i.e., with many skill-related industries) and diverse (i.e., with a high degree of unrelated variety) regions are more resilient over time. We also find that resistance to future shocks (e.g., the 2008 recession) is highly dependent on the resistance to previous crises. In all, this suggests that the long-term evolution of regional economies also influences their future resilience.

  • 300.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hane-Weijman, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Henning, Martin
    Handelshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sectoral and geographical mobility of workers after large establishment cutbacks or closures2018Inngår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 50, nr 5, s. 1071-1091Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies redundant workers’ industrial and geographical mobility, and the consequences of post-redundancy mobility for regional policy strategies. This is accomplished by means of a database covering all workers who became redundant in major shutdowns or cutbacks in Sweden between 1990 and 2005. Frequencies of industrial and geographical mobility are described over time, and the influence of some important characteristics that make workers more likely to be subject to particular forms of mobilities are assessed. We find that re-employment rates vary extensively across industries and time. Whereas going back to the same or related industries is the most common re-employment strategy among workers who find a new job in the first year, workers who do not benefit from quick re-employment are increasingly squeezed out to new job fields and regions. Older workers and workers with high vested interest in their original industries usually employ a “same-industry/same-region” strategy. This most frequent, and perhaps often most attractive, same-industry strategy comes at a cost, however. Individuals who instead pursue other mobility strategies have a lower risk of suffering from another major redundancy in the future. Thus, in terms of regional policy, strategies promoting diversification to related industries after major redundancies seem to be much more important than trying to retain workers in their old industry. In this case the route via education (university or vocational training) is important, as it increases the likelihood of successfully changing industry at time of re-employment. 

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