umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
3456789 251 - 300 av 1212
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 251.
    Emma, Nyman
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Trafikverket.
    Turismens samhällsekonomiska effekter: förstudie om utvecklingsbehovet av bättre metoder och modeller i den nationella transportinfrastrukturplaneringen2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 252.
    Enlund, Desirée
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Fighting for public health: How a Swedish rural community confronted neoliberal cutbacks2018Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The rural communities in the Västernorrland county of Northern Sweden are not used to being in the national spotlight, but in 2017 their struggle to stop cutbacks in maternity and emergency care made national news. What are the lessons for all those involved in building counter-power in rural areas of the Global North?

  • 253.
    Enlund, Desirée
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Kvinnor leder kampen för välfärd i glesbygden2018Ingår i: Jordemodern, ISSN 0021-7468, Vol. 130, nr 3, s. 11-13Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 254.
    Enlund, Desirée
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Rural peripheries and the promise of asylum immigration?2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Amid an increasingly hostile climate toward asylum seekers in Europe, rural Swedish municipalities have come to view asylum seekers as a possibility for rural revival. This has had varying results but ultimately proves difficult in reversing the long-term problems with which rural areas contend.

  • 255.
    Enlund, Desirée
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Shanghai – A Geographer’s Reflections on a First Academic Visit2018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 256.
    Enlund, Desirée
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Westergren, Agneta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Bylund, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Ett samtal om makten över samhället, arbetet och livet2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 257.
    Ericson, Maud
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Planera för havet - Friluftsliv i planeringsprocessen2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was that, in view of the upcoming marine spatial planning, examine in what way active outdoor recreation interests has been meet in Umea municipalities current planning. In addition, outdoor recreation geographic patterns and social values has been examined, and how a dialogue could be created with those involved in outdoor activities and come the marine spatial planning to gain. This work was conducted with a qualitative statement.

    The result of the study has shown that the active outdoor life at sea has a vast geographical spread. Outdoor recreation generates a great social value and wellbeing of the practitioners. Among those actively engaged in outdoor activities there is a strong drive and wish to engage in, and being able to influence the related planning of the sea. Where and how consultations and dialogues are held is very important for the commitment to become. The study has also shows the importance of establishing a dialogue with the relevant associations involved on early stages of the planning process and let the material be included as decision support in the ongoing process. By personal invitations to unions and placing consultation in connection to their activities will increase the incentive to get involved. It is also important that the municipality reconnects to the information regularly to those who chose to get involved. By creating a strong commitment from the grassroots level increases the chances that planning should be accepted and dissatisfaction can be avoided.

  • 258.
    Ericsson, Alexander
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Green Parking Purchase: A Study of Policy, Implementation and Acceptance of Travel Demand Management2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study utilized both quantitative and qualitative methods to investigate different actors and layers of policy, implementation, and reception of pro-environmental Travel Demand Management policy and measures in Umeå. One initiative by Upab (Umeå Parkering AB) and Umeå municipality, Grönt parkeringsköp, which means moving parking spaces from the central area of Umeå and replacing them with facilities that promote sustainable travel, was investigated more thoroughly. The data was collected through a manually distributed survey in three properties that have implemented Grönt parkeringsköp, as well as through interviews with property owners. Utilizing discourse analysis, thematic analysis as well as OLS-regressions, the results have shown that the comprehensive plan of Umeå puts emphasis on sustainable growth to 200 000 inhabitants, as well as minimising car traffic in the central areas of town, mainly through densification of already built-up areas. The property owners stated several motives to implement such policies, including ecological, financial as well as brandstrengthening benefits. Attitudes amongst survey respondents are generally positive towards measures that improve conditions for bicycle users, and more negative towards push-measures. There are different predictors for attitudes and perceived importance of Travel Demand Management measures, including altruism and self-interest. The use of the installed measures through Grönt parkeringsköp however appear to be limited, possibly due to a lack of information.

  • 259.
    Eriksson, David
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Umeå 200 000 invånare: En fallstudie av ett befolkningsmåls genomförbarhet2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Population growth is something that many Swedish municipalities strive for. Out of the 290 municipalities in the country, 115 of them have population targets and 103 state that they are targeting an increased population. Umeå in the north of Sweden is one of those municipalities and has a vision to have 200,000 inhabitants by the year of 2050.

    This study aims to critically exam Umeå municipality’s likelihood on fulfilling its vision to have 200,000 inhabitants. Furthermore, the aim is to illustrate the municipality’s planning regarding the spatial distribution of this population growth. This is done by comparing historical average growth data with population projections and the average growth which is required to fulfill the vision. Neither the historical average growth, latest ten years or the population projection done by Umeå is sufficient for the municipality to reach 200,000 inhabitants.

    Among other growth processes, the number of employments in the municipality need to increase to be able to reach the population target. The municipality estimates that 94,000 jobs are required, which is an additional 33,800 from current levels. Neither the historical growth rate last 32 years or the more current last ten years’ rate is sufficient for the number required year 2050.The assessment is that it is unlikely that the municipality will achieve its population target as the rate of growth required is that much higher than both current growth levels and the projected levels in the near future. Even if the goal would to be unattained, the question can be asked if it should be considered as a failure since the municipality still is projected to be under growth, just not to the extent of the targeted levels.

  • 260.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Svenska slott med hotellverksamhet2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks upon the castles in Sweden that have transformed from private residence to running a hotel business on the premises. The focus of the study lies in the differences and similarities of the segmentation and marketing aspects of the hotel business of the castles compared between the different counties where they are located. Conducting interviews based on a questionnaire the scientist was able to get responses from 22 castles operating with as hotels out of a total number of 28 such castles in Sweden. The study shows that the seasonal changes in bookings vary both with the type of customer segmentation the castles have chosen and the geographical location of the castles. The main seasonal changes for the majority of the castles fall in line with the hotel business as a whole in Sweden. 

  • 261.
    Eriksson, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Studier i Umeå stads byggnadshistoria: från 1621 till omkring 18951975Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 262.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Bostadsbyggande i bostadsbrist: Sker bostadsbyggande på bekostnad av rekreations- och naturområden?2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 263.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Vilka platser betyder vad? En intervjstudie om människors flyttningar.2004Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 264.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Recreation in different forest settings: a scene preference study2012Ingår i: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 923-943Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recreation  activity  preferences  in  forest  settings  were  explored  in  a  scene preference  study.  The  importance  of  type  of  human  intervention   and  the  level  of biodiversity for preference and intention to engage in recreation activities were examined in a sample of forestry and social science students in Sweden. Results showed that forestry students displayed an almost equally strong preference for natural-looking  scenes as for scenes  with traces  of recreation  (e.g., paths),  whereas  social  science  students  preferred recreational scenes the most. Least preferred were scenes with traces of forest management. Different  forest  settings  were  furthermore  preferred  for  different  recreation  activities. Recreational settings were favored for walking and going on outings, and natural-looking settings were more appreciated for picking berries or mushrooms. Respondents displayed a stronger intention to study plants and animals in high biodiversity settings and the intention to  exercise  was  stronger  in  low  biodiversity  settings.  Implications  for  future  land  use planning and forest management are discussed.

  • 265.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    När går sista bussen?2003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 266.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Narratives of Mobility and Modernity: Representations of Places and People Among Young Adults in Sweden2017Ingår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 23, nr 2, artikel-id e2002Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyse young adults' experiences of moving and the role of identity narratives; how intersecting and multiple identities are constructed through their mobility; and the significance of space and representations of space and place in the processes of subject formation. The focus of this paper is on stories of mobility and the representations of one of many European rural peripheries: the Swedish North. The narratives offer alternative ways of thinking of the urban and the rural; people desire and belong across the places of migration. Even so, the hegemonic neoliberal understanding of the city as progress is reproduced by the informants, while at the same time some of them describe the rural as progressive for valuing the immaterial things people today have forgotten. These narratives can be viewed as ways of both reproducing and resisting the neoliberal understanding of the 'need to be mobile'.

  • 267.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    “People in Stockholm are smarter than countryside folks”: Reproducing urban and rural imaginaries in film and life2010Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 95-104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the celebrated film The Hunters (Swedish title: Jägarna) within the context of the discourse of Internal Orientalism. By juxtaposing a contemporary Swedish film with historical accounts and contemporary news media, I demonstrate how the film reworks and (re)produces representations of the rural North (Norrland), constructing stereotypes enmeshed with familiar and global genre-specific stereotypes of a traditional and intransigent population positioned in rural areas and a modern and progressive population in urban areas. This paper shows how the representation in popular culture becomes enmeshed with the representation in news media and politics and how this helps obscure geography, gender, ethnicity and class by way of positioning representations of the middle class in urban spaces and white male working class in rural spaces, and by way of constructing class as a choice of lifestyle or culture.

  • 268.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    (Re)producing a "peripheral" region: Northern Sweden in the news2008Ingår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 90, nr 4, s. 369-388Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on theories of internal orientalism, the objectiveof this study is to show how intra-national differences arereproduced through influential media representations. By abstractingnews representations of Norrland, a large, sparsely populatedregion in the northernmost part of Sweden, new modes of“internal othering” within Western modernity are put on view.Real and imagined social and economical differences between the“rural North” and the “urban South” are explained in terms of“cultural differences” and “lifestyle” choices. The concept ofNorrland is used as an abstract essentialized geographical categoryand becomes a metonym for a backward and traditional ruralspace in contrast to equally essentialized urban areas with favouredmodern ideals. Specific traits of parts of the region becomeone with the entire region and the problems of the region becomethe problems of the people living in the region. I argue that thenews representations play a part in the reproduction of a “spaceof exception”, in that one region is constructed as a traditional andundeveloped space in contrast to an otherwise modern nation. Acentral argument of this study is that research on identity constructionand representations of place is needed to come to grips withissues of uneven regional development within western nations.

  • 269.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    (Re)producing a periphery: popular representations of the Swedish North2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The discourse on Norrland (literally ‘North land’ in English) as essentially ‘different’ has been(re)produced in literature, politics and science for as long as the idea of ‘Norrland’ has existed. Thus,when investigating the discourse that constructs the identity of Norrland in opposition to a Swedishnational identity, it is important to connect these representations to their contemporary (andchanging) political-economic contexts. The aim of this thesis is to analyze contemporaryrepresentations in news, film, advertising and interviews to show how representations constructstereotypes informed by neoliberal ideals and internationally familiar stereotypes of a traditionalintransigent population positioned in Norrland and a modern and progressive population in theurban South. The findings in this thesis can be summarized as follows. First, Norrland has beenconsistently reproduced, resisted and reworked through various discursive networks and practicesover centuries, as simultaneously authentic and obsolete. Drawing on these discourses makes therepresentations of Norrland in the news become part of a wider discursive network that representsNorrland as an ‘internal other’ within Sweden. Secondly, discourses on Swedish modernity and onneoliberal growth and competition reproduce Norrland and its people as inferior to the rest ofSweden. These representations are reworked and resisted and result in ‘real’ material effects in, forinstance, the news media, place marketing and film. Thirdly, in order to resist these representationsand become part of the ‘modern’, progressive world, places and people need to adjust to neoliberalideals of competitiveness and growth. And, finally, people’s identities are affected by theseneoliberal ideals as they have to relate and react to the representations of different places andpeople and the discourse on the urban as progress. This results in different strategies in theconstruction of narrative identities. I conclude by arguing that these representations serve not onlyas contrasts but also as strategies in the quest to scapegoat certain groups for problems that initiallyoriginated in unequal opportunities and structures of power related to, for instance, ethnicity, class,gender and disabilities – something that is exacerbated by neoliberalist policies and ideologies. Themore pressure is put on individuals and places to produce constant growth, the more certain peopleand places are viewed as ‘unproductive’ and problematic. The problems of depopulation anddiminishing job opportunities in the inland areas of Norrland are thus blamed on the population through the representations of Norrland as an internal ‘other.’

  • 270.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Resor utan slut: populära geografiska föreställningar om Norrland2008Ingår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 271.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Övergivna platser och kreativa platser: Diskurser om stad och land2011Ingår i: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 69, nr 2, s. 61-66Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 272.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Staden på kartan2014Ingår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 37-39Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    För Umeå har utmärkelsen till kulturhuvudstad 2014 till stor del handlat om att bygga vidare på ett redan vitalt kulturliv, att försöka bli ännu bättre. Staden har genomgått snabba förändringar inför detta år, på ytan utan såväl som på djupet. Vad innebär dessa förändringar? Vad ska ett kulturhuvudstadsår vara och för vem? Kulturgeograferna Madeleine Eriksson och Rikard Eriksson skriver om Kulturhuvudstaden Umeå och om vad den kulturdrivna entreprenörsandan vill skapa för slags samhälle. 

  • 273.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Priested Nielsen, Helene
    Aalborg University.
    Paulgaard, Gry
    Tromso University.
    The internal other: reproducing and reworking center and periphery2015Ingår i: Remapping gender, place and mobility: global confluences and local particularities in Nordic Peripheries / [ed] Stine Thidemann Faber and Helene Pristed Nielsen, Hants, England: Ashgate, 2015, s. 37-52Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter contains a critical discussion of constructions of centre and periphery in a Nordic context. Specifically, it takes its starting point in media representations of northernmost Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and discusses how discursive constructions of these geographic localities contribute to a co-production of a presumably egalitarian and forward-looking Nordic centre (i.e. the national capital regions). Relying on Said´s notion of Othering (1978), the chapter presents a post-colonial reading of productions of ‘internal others’ in a Nordic context – internal others who are delegated to the geographic as well as the social margins of the presumably modern, gender equal and future oriented Nordic welfare state. Despite widely diverging geographic and demographic realities in the three regions debated in this chapter, they arguably share a territorial stigma (Wacquant 1996; 2007), which may take various expressions either through exoticising or romantising these localities, or presenting them as the last strongholds of xenophobes and bigots within an otherwise open-minded and progressive Nordic welfare state.

  • 274.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Samuelsson, Johannes
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Möjligheterna att upprätthålla god hygien saknas: Brattby vårdhems historia2012Ingår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 10-15Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 275.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Samuelsson, Johannes
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Platsens (natur)resurser och ortshierarkins logik2015Ingår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 4, nr 34, s. 44-51Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 276.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    New figurations of labor in gendered global circuits: migrant workers in the forest berry industry in Norrland, Sweden2015Ingår i: Remapping gender, place and mobility: global confluences and local particularities in Nordic peripheries / [ed] Stine Thidemann Faber and Helene Pristed Nielsen, Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2015, s. 127-142Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary global processes of industrialisation in Asia and de-industrialisation in the rural periphery of Scandinavia produce connections and new figurations of labour that need to be studied in order to tell effective stories about our contemporary world. While urbanisation, industrialisation and labour struggles and organization are increasingly taking place in East Asia (Therborn 2013), some groups of workers engage in international labour migrations to the natural resource based economies of rural Northern Sweden. These industries depend heavily on, primarily, male migrant workers. The ‘coeval multiplicity’ and ‘radical contemporaneity’ (Massey 2005) of rural-urban changes in Asia and transformations in the peripheries of Scandinavia link in complex ways the lives of Asian migrant workers to the rural North of Sweden, through for instance, global production networks and supply chains, and social networks and recruitments by intermediaries. The purpose of this study is, by way of studying representations in media, examine globalist strategies within these rural areas as we argue these areas both function as contrasts, and make up important modernization projects for the global capital and globalist planning (Tsing, 2000). Furthermore, global processes make certain futures possible for different places and people and these processes are transforming relations of class, gender and race/ethnicity. Hence, by analysing the narratives of workers and different actors in natural resource based industries in northern Sweden, we examine the new figurations of labour and the ways in which international labour migrants are implicated in these new figurations; through their everyday practices of work, family life and political agency. 

  • 277.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    'Of Berries and Seasonal Work': The Swedish Berry Industry and the Disciplining of Labour Migration from Thailand2013Ingår i: Disciplining the Transnational Mobility of People / [ed] Geiger, Martin and Pecoud, Antoine, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, s. ?-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 278.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    The production of the rural landscape and its labour: the development of supply chain capitalism in the Swedish berry industry2018Ingår i: Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, ISSN 1732-4254, E-ISSN 2083-8298, Vol. 40, nr 40, s. 68-81Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased commercial interest in wild berries in Northern Sweden's resource periphery has connected places and people to a global berry supply chain that produces goods for world markets. As a part of a wider global food chain, every link in this chain is deeply insecure and partly marked by secrecy and mystification. Contemporary representations of the Norrlandic landscape tend to obscure and hide economic conflicts and power relations connected to resource exploitation and corporate concentration, neglecting workers and local communities. This paper examines how globalization, neoliberal policies and the development of supply chain capitalism drive changes in labour markets and migration policies, which in turn shape/and are shaped by both material and immaterial aspects of the Norrlandic landscape. While many studies of global food chains have focused on abstract patterns of chain governance, business economics and logistics, we analyse the wild berry industry by centring on migrant workers and the production of a distinct spatiality through interconnectedness and historical conjuncture, with a starting point in a particular place in the interior of Norrland. We thereby contribute to a different narrative of the Norrlandic landscape, making visible power and labour relations.

  • 279.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    From blueberry cakes to labor strikes: Negotiating “legitimate labor” and “ethical food” in supply chains2019Ingår i: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, nr 105, s. 43-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish wild-berry industry has become increasingly dependent on migrant workers. As the world market's demand for health and food ingredients increased, Swedish forest berries are exported to China to become nutraceutical products, while most berries consumed in Sweden now are imported cultivated berries. These changing geographies of production and consumption have resulted in a system of supply chains, that reproduce and manage difference between groups of workers and thus, make it difficult to safeguard labor rights. Moreover, this new“global standard” has great impacts on the cultural and political meanings of food. The aim of this paper is to study new emerging practices within the industry and to shed light on the production of representations of certain types of workers and work, and how this relate to supply chain capitalism. From the starting point of narratives collected within the different nodes of the supply chain, the paper focuses on the production, distribution and consumption of berry products as means to address how meanings of work and berries are negotiated. A specific focus is put on the narrated events during and after a strike where migrant workers tried to fight for better wages and living conditions. The workers not only lost the battle, but they were also expelled from Sweden without being paid. The work of the pickers and their agency is disconnected from discourses of labor and from Swedish laws and regulations, and the injustice is further justified and obscured through the lens of memories and nostalgia among Swedish consumers of berries.

  • 280.
    Eriksson, Michael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Att skapa förutsättningar för destinationsutveckling - en fallstudie om ett samverkansprojekt i Stockholms skärgård2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several destinations in Sweden that extend beyond municipal boundaries. In order to develop these destinations, municipal collaboration must be concluded with the aim of working together for the future and development of the destination.

    The purpose of this essay is to study how interaction between participants in an municipal collaboration project leads to strategic decisions about destination development. Through four interviews with participants from the steering committee taking strategic decisions about the development of Stockholm archipelago, the study's purpose and questions have been answered.

    The result is presented through three themes and five categories identified by analyzing the interviews with thematic analysis. It is clear from the results that the participants in the collaborative project work in relation to the geography that characterizes the Stockholm archipelago. A concrete example presented is that a new ferry line has been developed through the interaction of the operators at the destination with the aim of improving the poor transports that are a problem in the archipelago. Furthermore, the result of the study shows that the work of creating common visions and goals is a complex process that municipal officials do not have the mandate to influence over. This makes cooperation more difficult since each participating municipality must prioritize its vision first and the destinations in second. 

  • 281.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Labour mobility and plant performance: The influence of proximity, relatedness and agglomeration 2009Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to shed new light on the theorizations discussing the economic benefits of geographical clustering in a space economy increasingly characterized by globalization processes. This is made possible through the employment of a plant-perspective and a focus on how the relative fixity and mobility of labour influence plant performance throughout the entire Swedish economy. 

    By means of the longitudinal micro database ASTRID, connecting attributes of individuals to features of plants and localities for the whole Swedish economy, the empirical findings indicate that both localization and urbanization economies produce significant labour market externalities and that such inter-plant linkages positively affect plant performance as compared to the partial effects of relative regional specialization and diversification. Moreover, it is also demonstrated that it is necessary both to distinguish how well the external skills retrieved via labour mobility match the existing knowledge base of plants and to determine the geographical dimension of such flows to verify the relative effect of labour market-induced externalities. Finally, it is demonstrated that whereas general urbanization is beneficial within close distance to the plant, the composition of economic activities is more influential at greater distances. In such cases the geographical dimension influences whether plants benefit from being located in similar or different local settings. 

    In conclusion, it is argued that the circulation of labour skills, created and reproduced through the place-specific industrial setup, is crucial for understanding the mechanisms creating geographical variations in plant performance as compared to other regional conditions often proxied as relative specialization or diversification. This is because the relative fixity of labour tends to create place- and sector-specific skills which by means of their mobility in space are likely to facilitate the recombination of local skills, make the acquirement of non-local skills possible and secure sufficient affinity between economic actors by strengthening other dimensions of proximity – all aspects regarded as crucial to facilitate interactive learning processes and contribute to sustained regional growth.

  • 282.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Localized spillovers and knowledge flows: How does proximity influence the performance of plants?2011Ingår i: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 87, nr 2, s. 127-152Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By means of a unique longitudinal database with information on all plants and employees in the Swedish economy, this paper analyzes how geographical proximity influences the impact of localized spillovers and knowledge flows on the productivity growth of plants. Concerning the effects of spillovers, we show that the density of economic activities as such mainly contributes to plant performance within a very short distance from the plant and that the composition of economic activities is more influential further away. Regarding the influence of local industrial setup, proximity increases the need to be located near different, but related, industries whereas in-creased distance implies a greater effect of intra-industry spillovers. The analyses also demonstrate that knowledge flows via the mobility of skilled labor is primarily a sub-regional phenomenon. Only inflows of skills that are related to the existing knowledge base of plants and come from less than 50 kilometers away have a positive effect on plant performance. Concerning outflows of skills, the results indicate that it is less harmful for a dispatching plant if a former employee remains within the local economy as compared to leaving for a job in another part of the national economy.

  • 283.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Regionala och individuella effekter av ekonomiska kriser och företagsnedläggningar2017Ingår i: Thule: Kungl. Skytteanska samfundets årsbok / [ed] Roger Jacobsson, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska samfundet , 2017, s. 99-113Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    While the destruction of economic activities on the one hand can be regarded as a necessary component of the creation of new activities that also tend to have positive long-term macro-economic effects, it is, on the other hand, more than obvious that the regional ability to accommodate such changes varies considerably both across and within countries. This paper discusses under which conditions economic crises indeed may trigger processes that may lead to a renewal of regional skills and industries, and when (and where) this is less likely to happen. It does so by presenting recent conceptual advances in the field of Evolutionary Economic Geography together with ongoing research from a project using Swedish longitudinal micro-data. Preliminary findings suggest that regions with economic endowments that are complementary to each other (i.e., related) are better in accommodating chocks since that allow the workforce to more easily find new employment without being subject to skill destruction. A relative absence of related activities, however, increases the risk of unemployment, income losses and outmigration. Hence, related activities not only reduce the individual adjustment costs in relation to redundancies, it also enhances regional resilience by allowing a successful economic diversification

  • 284.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Umeå utvecklas om fler bor kvar2011Ingår i: Västerbottens-Kuriren, ISSN 1104-0246Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 285.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Work–life advantage: Sustaining regional learning and innovation2018Ingår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 52, nr 9, s. 1306-1307Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 286.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Forslund, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    How do universities contribute to employment growth?: The role of human capital and knowledge bases2014Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 22, nr 12, s. 2584-2604Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze whether employment growth is faster in regions housing a university compared to non-university regions. We argue that universities per se are less likely to trigger externalities that facilitate employment growth. Instead we propose that it depends on the concentration of different skills in that particular region. This is analyzed by running a number of OLS regressions, based on official data on municipal level from Statistics Sweden, on how concentrations of human capital, analytic-, synthetic- and symbolic- knowledge bases in Swedish university regions influence employment growth 2002-2008. The results indicate that presence of universities per se do not influence employment growth. However, the findings suggest that university regions with high concentrations of human capital and, in particular, with employees characterized by the synthetic knowledge base, show higher growth rates. This implies that the influence of universities on employment is greatest in regions with high concentrations of skills able to apply the knowledge created in universities. Consequently, the regional composition of skills needs to match the knowledge produced by universities for significant university-induced spillovers to occur. 

  • 287.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Hane-Weijman, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Har Västernorrland en brist på digital kompetens?: En analys av den digitala yrkesstrukturen i länet2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Även om det än så länge inte finns några tydliga tendenser att antalet jobb i Sverige sammantaget minskar är det tydligt att nationellt sammanslagna siffror på arbetsmarknaden döljer två distinkta omvandlingsförlopp. Dels en omfördelning mellan olika typer av jobb (exempelvis från tillverkning till service och från lågkvalificerade tillverkningsjobb till mer kvalificerade) samt en geografisk omfördelning av arbetstillfällen. Detta bidrar till en förändrad efterfrågestruktur då nya kompetenser behövs i produktionen av både varor och tjänster i takt med ökad digitalisering. 

     

    I Västernorrlands län har diskussioner förts kring regionens eventuella relativa underskott av digitala kompetenser. Givet det omvandlingstryck som ekonomin genomgår kan detta försvåra kompetensförsörjningen och konkurrenskraften inom både tillverkning och service. 

     

    Syftet med denna rapport är därför att ge en överskådlig bild av den formella digitala kompetensen inom Västernorrlands län (fortsättningsvis benämnd som Västernorrland). Detta görs genom att beskriva och analysera länets sammansättning av yrken (SSYK96 på 3-siffernivå) som i olika grad använder sig av ”digitala kompetenser” i relation till övriga Sverige. 

    Resultaten pekar på att Väsernorrland har en relativt hög andel yrken med digitala kompetenser. Dock återfinns dessa mer ustrpidd i näringsliven än i övriga Sverige. 

  • 288.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hane-Weijman, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    How do regional economies respond to crises?: The geography of job creation and destruction in Sweden (1990–2010)2017Ingår i: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 87-103Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By means of Swedish longitudinal micro-data, the aim of this paper is to analyse how regional economies respond to crises. This is made possible by linking gross employment flows to the notion of regional resilience. Our findings indicate that despite a steady national employment growth, only the three metropolitan regions have fully recovered from the recession of 1990. Further, we can show evidence of high levels of job creation and destruction in both declining and expanding regions and sectors, and that the creation of jobs is mainly attributable to employment growth in incumbent firms, while job destruction is primarily due to exits and micro-plants. Although the geography of resistance to crises and the ability of adaptability in the aftermath vary, our findings suggest that cohesive (i.e., with many skill-related industries) and diverse (i.e., with a high degree of unrelated variety) regions are more resilient over time. We also find that resistance to future shocks (e.g., the 2008 recession) is highly dependent on the resistance to previous crises. In all, this suggests that the long-term evolution of regional economies also influences their future resilience.

  • 289.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hane-Weijman, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Henning, Martin
    Handelshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sectoral and geographical mobility of workers after large establishment cutbacks or closures2018Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 50, nr 5, s. 1071-1091Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies redundant workers’ industrial and geographical mobility, and the consequences of post-redundancy mobility for regional policy strategies. This is accomplished by means of a database covering all workers who became redundant in major shutdowns or cutbacks in Sweden between 1990 and 2005. Frequencies of industrial and geographical mobility are described over time, and the influence of some important characteristics that make workers more likely to be subject to particular forms of mobilities are assessed. We find that re-employment rates vary extensively across industries and time. Whereas going back to the same or related industries is the most common re-employment strategy among workers who find a new job in the first year, workers who do not benefit from quick re-employment are increasingly squeezed out to new job fields and regions. Older workers and workers with high vested interest in their original industries usually employ a “same-industry/same-region” strategy. This most frequent, and perhaps often most attractive, same-industry strategy comes at a cost, however. Individuals who instead pursue other mobility strategies have a lower risk of suffering from another major redundancy in the future. Thus, in terms of regional policy, strategies promoting diversification to related industries after major redundancies seem to be much more important than trying to retain workers in their old industry. In this case the route via education (university or vocational training) is important, as it increases the likelihood of successfully changing industry at time of re-employment. 

  • 290.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hansen, Högni
    Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Geography Section, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Winther, Lars
    Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Geography Section, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Employment growth and regional development: industrial change and contextual differences between Denmark and Sweden2017Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 25, nr 10, s. 1756-1778Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the potential drivers behind uneven regional development in the context of employment growth in Denmark and Sweden. In particular, we are interested in the roles of urbanization, industrial change and the rise of the new economy as manifested in the growth of the two economies in 2002–2007. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to analyse the impact of a number of key industrial sectors on regional employment growth in the two countries. The empirical analysis is based on longitudinal matched employer–employee data retrieved from official registers in each economy from 2002 to 2007, a period of strong national growth following the crisis of early 2000. Our findings indicate that the two economies follow a similar pattern in addressing total employment growth; but looking at changes in employment levels across the national borders of these two relatively similar open economies, we find that, although in general these economies react relatively similarly to changes, embarking on a narrower analysis of the individual sectors reveals marked national differences. This indicates that context matters in the analysis of regional economic dynamics in terms of structure, system and policy. 

  • 291.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Hansen, Høgni Kalsø
    Department of Geography and Geology, University of Copenhagen.
    Industries, skills and human capital: how does regional size affect uneven development?2013Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 45, nr 3, s. 593-613Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses how the composition of industry structures, skills and human capital is related to regional development in peripheral and central locations. We do this by means of OLS models to analyse the relationship between purchase power growth and employment growth between 2001 and 2008 as well as a selection of variables constructed via register data of the total population in Sweden. The analysis demonstrates an evident spatial division of post-industrial development that larger regions benefit relatively more from than smaller regions do. The empirical findings indicate that a transition towards more knowledge intensive sectors and a higher educated labour force has the strongest impact on development in the largest Swedish regions, while a transition from manual skills towards more creative skills shows only a positive relationship with development in medium size regions. Consequently, the paper argues that the recent appraisal of the knowledge based economy mainly benefits the largest urban regions, meaning that regional size is an important parameter when discussing trajectories of regional development and the adaption to contemporary economic development paths.

  • 292.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hansen, Høgni Kalsø
    Department of Geography and Geology, University of Copenhagen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    The importance of business climate and people climate on regional performance2014Ingår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 8, nr 6, s. 1135-1155Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity and talent are considered key-factors in regional development due to the connection between growth, city regions and human capital. To come to a deeper understanding on the relevance of recent amenity-driven theories and how they are related to employment and GRP at regional level, this paper analyses the influence of business-climate (business friendly assets) and people-climate (amenities). Based on panel-data regressions, we show that both business- and people-climate is related to regional performance. The exact nature of these relationships is however dependent on how both regional performance and business- or people climate is defined.

  • 293.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Henning, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Otto, Anne
    Institute of Employment Research (IAB).
    Industrial and geographical mobility of workers during industry decline: the Swedish and German shipbuilding industries 1970–20002016Ingår i: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 75, s. 87-98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article follows the industry employment histories of all individuals who at some point have been affiliated with the declining German or the dismantling Swedish shipbuilding industry during 1970–2000. We analyse the situation of the individual workers leaving shipbuilding, investigating the extent to which they were employed at all, tended to move to related sectors within or outside the region, and whether such moves were beneficial for the individuals. Combining insights from labour geography and redundancy studies with evolutionary economic geography, we find remarkably similar results for the West German and Swedish cases. Our findings indicate a notable impact of the regional industry structure on the labour market outcomes for workers leaving shipbuilding. This suggests that more attention should be devoted to the specific structures of the absorptive capacity of regional labour markets. The findings are discussed within the context of a mature industry.

  • 294.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Henning, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Otto, Anne
    Institute for employment research (IAB), Saarbrucken .
    Regional and industrial mobility of workers leaving mature industries: A study of individuals who exit the Swedish shipbuilding industry 1970-20002014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper follows the industry employment histories of all individuals at some point affiliated with the dismantling Swedish shipbuilding industry 1970-2000. We analyse the situation of the individual workers leaving shipbuilding through investigating to what extent they were employed at all, tended to move to related sectors inside or outside the region, and whether such moves were beneficial for the individuals. By cross-using German and Swedish data, our findings indicate a notable impact of regional industrial structure on the movement and success of individuals, and that individuals moving from shipbuilding to related sectors benefit more from moving than others. 

  • 295.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lengyel, Balazs
    Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    Co-worker networks and agglomeration externalities2019Ingår i: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 95, nr 1, s. 65-89Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article provides an initial systematic analysis of how social networks influence productivity in regional agglomerations. This is accomplished by means of matched employer–employee data for the entire Swedish economy for the period 1990–2008, allowing us to construct a weighted co-worker network with aggregated tie weights on the plant level. We find evidence that increasing density of the plant-level network has a positive effect on productivity, particularly in large regional industry-clusters with high degrees of specialization. Triadic closure of ties is, however, negatively linked to productivity, suggesting the importance of nonredundant knowledge. Moreover, we find only limited support for the notion that the diversity of linkages within or across regions as such is beneficial for productivity. Instead, we show that the degree of specialization conditions the extent to which both linkages to related industries in the region and nonlocal ties are beneficial. Our results thus suggest that having dense social networks is a crucial feature of high-performing agglomerations, and that interindustry, as well as interregional, linkages are compensatory in cases when sufficient industry specialization is absent.

  • 296.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Agglomeration och ekonomisk utveckling: Betydelsen av arbetskraftsrörlighet för lärande och innovation2011Ingår i: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 69, nr 2, s. 87-93Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 297.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Localized mobility clusters: Impacts of labour market externalities on firm performance2009Ingår i: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 33-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the impact of labour market-induced externalities on firm performance by using a unique database that connects attributes of individuals to workplaces for the entire Swedish economy. Based on the analysis of 256,985 workplaces, our results show that firms belonging to networks of local job mobility (i.e. ‘localized mobility clusters’) significantly outperform other similar firms within the local labour market. The results also indicate that concentrations of similar and related firms do not explain any considerable part of the variations in firm competitiveness. Labour market externalitiesderived via local job mobility produce significantly more powerful effects for the involved firms as compared to the degree of co-location, diversity and scale.

  • 298.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    What about people in evolutionary economic geography?2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years an increasing interest has been directed towards evolutionary processes of economic change following the notion that history matters for future development. These studies put special emphasis on how the spatial structures of the economy emerge from the micro-behaviours of economic agents (often firms). It this paper we argue that while such an approach indeed may provide new and novel insights on the uneven process of economic change, one important aspect of the economy tend to be neglected, namely the spatial behavior and restrictions of people. In this paper, we therefore outline the ideas to a theoretical framework which more thorough integrates evolutionary economic geography with the time-geographical contribution provided by Torsten Hägerstrand and his adherents in order to provide a synthesis between the interdependent dynamic processes occurring in and between place-specific institutions, firms and people. The paper is structured as followed: First, a critical appraisal of recent evolutionary contributions is presented. This is followed by a discussion on the developments made in time-geography the last couple of decades. The paper ends with a concluding section and an empirical example showing that modern micro-simulation techniques may provide useful insights to the evolutionary processes shaping economic change. The empirical example is framed in recent studies analyzing knowledge flows via the job mobility of skilled individuals within and between local labour markets in Sweden.

  • 299.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Agglomeration mobility: Effects of localisation, urbanisation, and scale on job changes2008Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 40, s. 2419-2434Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Following increased attention being paid to the importance of labour-market processes in relation to knowledge diffusion and learning, this study addresses the influence of agglomeration economies (localisation, urbanisation, and scale) on the propensity to change jobs between and within local labour markets. From the use of longitudinal individual data (1990 ^ 2002), controlling for factors such as age, sex, income, and social relations, the results show that the composition of regional economies influences labour-market dynamism. We identify two cases of intraregional agglomeration mobility, that is, positive effects on job mobility, due to the concentration of similar activities (localisation economies) and the size of the labour market (urbanisation economies). The results also show that localisation economies compensate for regional structural disadvantages connected to small population numbers, as localisation effects in small regions have a significantlypositive effect on intraregional job-mobility rates, even compared with localisation effects in large and diversified metropolitan areas. The results indicate that the concentration of similar activities may be useful for small regions, if high levels of job mobility are crucial for the transfer of knowledge and the performance of firms.

  • 300.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Rataj, Marcin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    The geography of starts-ups in Sweden: The role of human capital, social capital and agglomeration2019Ingår i: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 31, nr 9-10, s. 735-754Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In academia as well as in policy circles, entrepreneurial activities are placed at the focal point for regional development. However, geographical factors such as urbanization and peripherality are often neglected in this strand of research despite the increasing need for place-specific policies. The aim of this paper is therefore to analyse how start-up rates vary across municipalities in Sweden 2002–2012 by focussing on spatial differences of human capital, social capital, entrepreneurial culture and industrial specialization. Our multilevel models show how the degree of rurality and peripherality, respectively, moderates the role of different regional resources. The paper concludes by suggesting the formulation of separate policies considering urban, rural and more peripheral regions.

3456789 251 - 300 av 1212
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf