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  • 251.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Ai cui sunt embrionii?2015Ingår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 252.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    Analyzing love2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 253.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Au generaţiile viitoare dreptul la o societate non-discriminatorie?2004Ingår i: Drepturile omului la intâlnirea dintre culturi / [ed] J. Rüsen, H.-K. Keul, A.P. Iliescu, Bucharest: Paralela 45 , 2004Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 254.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Casatoria intre persoane de acelasi sex, perpetuarea speciei umane si cresterea de copii2013Ingår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 255.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Ce se intampla cu ovulele?: Cand parintii care si-au pierdut fiica ar putea deveni bunici2015Ingår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 256.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Clone, gene şi nemurire, authored by John Harris, Bucureşti: Curtea Veche, 20032003Ingår i: Romanian Journal of Society and Politics, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 236-238Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 257.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Cum a devenit un barbat tatal fratelui sau: aspecte etice si legale2015Ingår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 258.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Despre iubire, prietenie si familie2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 259.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Etica reproducerii umane cu gameti creati in laborator2014Ingår i: Dilema Veche, ISSN 1841-3587, nr 536Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 260.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Framtidens familjer: definitioner, etik och politik2015Ingår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 12-19Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 261.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    GenEtica Reproducerii. Politici ale moralităţii şi moralitatea politicilor [The GenEthics of Reproduction. Policies of morality and the morality of policies]2007Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The book comprises three parts: (1) a general presentation and analysis of the main relevant concepts: bioethics, human genetic engineering, eugenics, disability and, particularly, of the relations between these; (2) the analysis of two documents of the Council of Europe (the so called “Bioethics Convention” and its first protocol), and the reconstruction of the debates surrounding their primary concerns: human dignity and rights in relation to the prospect of human genetic engineering; and (3) the analysis of a Romanian draft law on human assisted reproduction and of the Romanian legislative endeavours and debates regarding human genetic engineering.

  • 262.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Infertility, ethics, and the future: an exploration2017Ingår i: The Palgrave handbook of infertility in history: approaches, contexts and perspectives / [ed] Gayle Davis, Tracey Loughran, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 609-624Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores current and prospective reproductive technologies and some of their likely implications for reproductive and family ethics and policymaking. The technologies discussed include uterus transplants, mitochondrial transfer, ectogenesis, the development of in vitro gametes, and solo reproduction. The chapter considers the impact of these developments on the content of concepts such as 'infertility', 'mother', or 'father'. Another layer to this process of redefinition originates in ongoing socio-cultural changes that shift the focus in parenting from the way in which children have come into the world, to relationships within the family. Considering these scenarios beforehand can help to clarify some of the current challenges in defining and regulating infertility. The chapter therefore aims to raise a number of questions rather than provide answers.

  • 263.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Istoria din noi2018Ingår i: Scena9Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 264.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Polyamory2016Ingår i: The International Encyclopedia of Ethics / [ed] Hugh LaFollette, John Wiley & Sons, 2016Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The term “polyamory” stands for love relationships between more than two romantic or sexual partners, or loving more than one person. It means being open to engaging in consensual non-monogamous love relationships at the same time and in this way it is different from serial monogamy (having only one romantic partner at a time, but several during one's lifetime). In a broader sense, polyamory is also taken to denote a willingness to accept that romantic love may involve more than two partners. A core tenet of polyamory is that loving one person does not need to exclude loving another, and that love is, or should be, inclusive.

  • 265.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Primul copil nascut in urma unui transplant de uter. Cateva implicatii etice2014Ingår i: Think Outside the BoxArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 266.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Reglementarea reproducerii asistate în România. O analiză critică a legii 217/20032005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 267.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Should parents take active steps to preserve their children's fertility?2017Ingår i: Parental responsibility in the context of neuroscience and genetics / [ed] Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas, Dorothee Horstkötter, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 189-205Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that, when there is a probable imminent risk of loss of children's fertility, their parents should take active steps to preserve their reproductive potential if possible – or even that children have a right to such interventions being undertaken on them on their behalf, as an expression of their right to an open future. In this chapter, I explore these proposals and some of their implications. I place the discussion of fertility preservation for children into the more general context of the choices that parents might have to help keep their children's future reproductive (and parenting) choices open. I discuss the role of desert and fairness in arguments for fertility preservation and their relevance for framings of infertility in general, as well as the relation between having a (slight) possibility to reproduce and becoming a parent.

  • 268.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The composition of the family2018Ingår i: The Routledge handbook of the philosophy of childhood and children / [ed] Anca Gheaus, Gideon Calder and Jurgen De Wispelaere, Routledge, 2018, s. 191-201Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter starts with an exploration of what the family is in order then to move on to look at its parts. The family has been defined in terms of its form (e.g. a mother, a father, and their biological offspring) or its function (e.g. adults taking and/or sharing custodial responsibility for children). In both of these cases, children are a necessary ingredient for a unit to be called a family – but the chapter also briefly reviews proposals to extend the accolade of "family" to beyond child-rearing. From a perspective concerned primarily with family form, biological and more specifically genetic parents have been seen as those to whom children should be born, and by whom they should be raised. From a perspective concerned with family function, this is not necessarily the case. Lastly, the chapter looks at the relation between parents and the requirements that co-parenting may generate in this regard.

  • 269.
    Cutas, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Undervisning i forskningsetik kräver praktisk relevans och moralfilosofisk teori2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 270.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Bortolotti, Lisa
    University of Birmingham, Department of Philosophy.
    Natural versus Assisted Reproduction: In Search of Fairness2010Ingår i: Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology, ISSN 1941-6008, E-ISSN 1941-6008, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 1-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we are concerned with the ethical implications of the distinction between natural reproduction (via sexual intercourse) and reproduction that requires assistance (either medical or social). We argue that the current practice of enforcing regulations on the latter but not on the former means of reproduction is ethically unjustified. It is not defensible to tolerate parental ignorance or abuse in natural reproduction and subsequently in natural parenting, whilst submitting assisted reproduction and parenting to invasive scrutiny. Our proposal is to guarantee equal (ethical and legal) treatment to people engaging in either form of reproduction or parenting.

  • 271.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department for Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, and The Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Chan, SarahUniversity of Manchester, Institute for Ethics, Science and Innovation.
    Families - Beyond the Nuclear Ideal2012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines, through a multi-disciplinary lens, the possibilities offered by relationships and family forms that challenge the nuclear family ideal, and some of the arguments that recommend or disqualify these as legitimate units in our societies. That children should be conceived naturally, born to and raised by their two young, heterosexual, married to each other, genetic parents; that this relationship between parents is also the ideal relationship between romantic or sexual partners; and that romance and sexual intimacy ought to be at the core of our closest personal relationships - all these elements converge towards the ideal of the nuclear family. The authors consider a range of relationship and family structures that depart from this ideal: polyamory and polygamy, single and polyparenting, parenting by gay and lesbian couples, as well as families created through current and prospective modes of assisted human reproduction such as surrogate motherhood, donor insemination, and reproductive cloning.

  • 272.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. The Department for Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, and The Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chan, Sarah
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Introduction: perspectives on private and family life2012Ingår i: Families – Beyond the Nuclear Ideal / [ed] Daniela Cutas and Sarah Chan, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2012, s. 1-12Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 273.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands .
    Dondorp, Wybo
    Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands .
    Swierstra, Tsjalling
    Department of Philosophy, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands .
    Repping, Sjoerd
    Centre for Reproductive Medicine, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    de Wert, Guido
    Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Artificial gametes: perspectives of geneticists, ethicists and representatives of potential users2014Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 339-345Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Several threads of research towards developing artificial gametes are ongoing in a number of research labs worldwide. The development of a technology that could generate gametes in vitro has significant potential for human reproduction, and raises a lot of interest, as evidenced by the frequent and extensive media coverage of research in this area. We have asked researchers involved in work with artificial gametes, ethicists, and representatives of potential user groups, how they envisioned the use of artificial gametes in human reproduction. In the course of three focus groups, the participants commented on the various aspects involved. The two recurring themes were the strength of the claim of becoming a parent genetically, and the importance of responsible communication of science. The participants concurred that (a) the desire or need to have genetic offspring of one’s own does not warrant the investment of research resources into these technologies, and that (b) given the minefield in terms of moral controversy and sensitivity that characterises the issues involved, how information is communicated and handled is of great importance.

  • 274.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Gheaus, Anca
    Paternal responsibility for children and pediatric hospital policies in Romania2019Ingår i: What about the family?: practices of responsibility in care / [ed] Marian A. Verkerk, Hilde Lindemann and Janice McLaughlin, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019, s. 100-108Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this brief text we look at one instance of how gender norms continue to inform institutional treatment of parents regarding care for children: specifically, at how the exercise of fathers' responsibilities for their children can be discouraged or altogether blocked. 

  • 275.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Harris, John
    University of Manchester, Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation.
    Le clonage humain est-il un mal?2005Ingår i: Un homme nouveau par le clonage reproductif? Fantasmes, raisons, défis / [ed] D. Müller and H. Poltiers, Genève: Labor & Fides , 2005Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 276.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Harris, John
    University of Manchester, Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation.
    The ethics of ageing, immortality and genetics2007Ingår i: Principles of Health Care Ethics / [ed] Richard Ashcroft, Angus Dawson, Heather Draper, John McMillan, John Wiley & Sons, 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The questions we address are the following: Are we entitled to access life extension therapies? Must we draw the line at some point (say 120 years, the maximum life span so far, or maybe even earlier) and decide that that’s that and now we must die? Are there considerations that might make either living or making it possible to live after a certain ages immoral? Does justice require foregoing life extension therapies or does it require the development and application of these therapies?

  • 277.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hens, Kristien
    Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Preserving children's fertility: two tales about children's right to an open future and the margins of parental obligations2015Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 253-260Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The sources, extent and margins of parental obligations in taking decisions regarding their children’s medical care are subjects of ongoing debates. Balancing children’s immediate welfare with keeping their future open is a delicate task. In this paper, we briefly present two examples of situations in which parents may be confronted with the choice of whether to authorise or demand non-therapeutic interventions on their children for the purpose of fertility preservation. The first example is that of children facing cancer treatment, and the second of children with Klinefelter syndrome. We argue that, whereas decisions of whether to preserve fertility may be prima facie within the limits of parental discretion, the right to an open future does not straightforwardly put parents under an obligation to take actions that would detect or relieve future infertility in their children—and indeed in some cases taking such actions is problematic.

  • 278.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Munthe, Christian
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science.
    Legal imperialism in the regulation of stem cell research and therapy: the problem of extraterritorial jurisdiction2010Ingår i: Contested Cells: Global Perspectives on the Stem Cell Debates / [ed] B. Capps and A. Campbell, Singapore and London: World Scientific and Imperial College Press , 2010Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 279.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Shaw, David
    Basel, Switzerland; Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Writers blocked: on the wrongs of research co-authorship and some possible strategies for improvement2015Ingår i: Science and Engineering Ethics, ISSN 1353-3452, E-ISSN 1471-5546, Vol. 21, nr 5, s. 1315-1329Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The various problems associated with co-authorship of research articles have attracted much attention in recent years. We believe that this (hopefully) growing awareness is a very welcome development. However, we will argue that the particular and increasing importance of authorship and the harmful implications of current practices of research authorship for junior researchers have not been emphasised enough. We will use the case of our own research area (bioethics) to illustrate some of the pitfalls of current publishing practices – in particular, the impact on the evaluation of one’s work in the area of employment or funding. Even where there are explicit guidelines, they are often disregarded. This disregard, which is often exemplified through the inflation of co-authorship in some research areas, may seem benign to some of us; but it is not. Attribution of co-authorship for reasons other than merit in relation to the publication misrepresents the work towards that publication, and generates unfair competition. We make a case for increasing awareness, for transparency and for more explicit guidelines and regulation of research co-authorship within and across research areas. We examine some of the most sensitive areas of concern and their implications for researchers, particularly junior ones, and we suggest several strategies for future action.

  • 280.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Smajdor, Anna
    Norwich School of Medicine, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK .
    "I am your mother and your father!": in vitro derived gametes and the ethics of solo reproduction2017Ingår i: Health Care Analysis, ISSN 1065-3058, E-ISSN 1573-3394, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 354-369Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we will discuss the prospect of human reproduction achieved with gametes originating from only one person. According to statements by a minority of scientists working on the generation of gametes in vitro, it may become possible to create eggs from men’s non-reproductive cells and sperm from women’s. This would enable, at least in principle, the creation of an embryo from cells obtained from only one individual: ‘solo reproduction’. We will consider what might motivate people to reproduce in this way, and the implications that solo reproduction might have for ethics and policy. We suggest that such an innovation is unlikely to revolutionise reproduction and parenting. Indeed, in some respects it is less revolutionary than in vitro fertilisation as a whole. Furthermore, we show that solo reproduction with in vitro created gametes is not necessarily any more ethically problematic than gamete donation - and probably less so. Where appropriate, we draw parallels with the debate surrounding reproductive cloning. We note that solo reproduction may serve to perpetuate reductive geneticised accounts of reproduction, and that this may indeed be ethically questionable. However, in this it is not unique among other technologies of assisted reproduction, many of which focus on genetic transmission. It is for this reason that a ban on solo reproduction might be inconsistent with continuing to permit other kinds of reproduction that also bear the potential to strengthen attachment to a geneticised account of reproduction. Our claim is that there are at least as good reasons to pursue research towards enabling solo reproduction, and eventually to introduce solo reproduction as an option for fertility treatment, as there are to do so for other infertility related purposes.

  • 281.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Smajdor, Anna
    Postmenopausal Motherhood Reloaded: Advanced Age and In Vitro Derived Gametes2015Ingår i: Hypatia, ISSN 0887-5367, E-ISSN 1527-2001, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 386-402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we look at the implications of a prospective emerging technology for the case in favor of, or against, postmenopausal motherhood. Technologies such as in vitro derived gametes (sperm and eggs derived from non-reproductive cells) have the potential to influence the ways in which reproductive medicine is practiced, and will bring new dimensions to debates in this area. We explain what in vitro derived gametes are and how their development may impact on the case of postmenopausal motherhood. We briefly review some of the concerns that postmenopausal motherhood has raised – and the implications that the successful development, and use in reproduction, of artificial gametes might have for such concerns. The concerns addressed include arguments from nature, risks and efficacy, reduced energy of the mother, and maternal life expectancy. We also consider whether the use of in vitro derived gametes to facilitate postmenopausal motherhood would contribute to reinforcing a narrow geneticized account of reproduction and a pro-reproductive culture that encourages women to produce genetically related offspring at all costs. 

  • 282.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Smajdor, Anna
    Reproductive technologies and the family in the twenty-first century2018Ingår i: The freedom of scientific research: Bridging the gap between science and society / [ed] Simona Giordano, Manchester University Press, 2018Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 283.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Smajdor, Anna
    The moral status of the (nuclear) family2017Ingår i: Etikk i praksis, ISSN 1890-3991, E-ISSN 1890-4009, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 5-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The family is commonly regarded as being an important social institution. In several policy areas, evidence can be found that the family is treated as an entity towards which others can have moral obligations; it has needs and interests that require protection; it can be ill and receive treatment. The interests attributed to the family are not reducible to those of its members – and may even come into conflict with them. Using Warren's criteria for moral status, we show that, although the status of the family is not explicitly described in terms of moral status, the way in which it is treated implies that it has such status. 

  • 284.
    Cutas, Daniela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Smajdor, Anna
    Hens, Kristien
    Procreative procrastination: the ethics of postponed parenthood2017Ingår i: Preventing age related fertility loss / [ed] Dominic Stoop, Springer Publishing Company, 2017, s. 141-156Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, there has been growing concern over the perceived tendency of women to postpone childbearing. In this chapter, we show that some of the responses to the phenomenon of postponed reproduction are deeply problematic. The question of whether it is accurate to construe later motherhood as postponement at all is far from clear. Moreover, public health messages tend to recommend earlier motherhood as a way of avoiding risks, but this is a crude oversimplification: reproduction involves risks whenever it is undertaken. The focus on risk calls into question some of the strategies intended to remedy postponement of parenthood. There is also the question of where men feature in these decisions: they are all but absent in the public health material and media debates. We consider whether technology could offer a solution to postponement of parenthood, whether there are any benefits to postponement, and finally, whether postponed parenthood could itself be seen as part of a broader trend towards neoteny (the delaying of maturity) in human evolution.

  • 285.
    Cutaş, Daniela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    On Love2018Ingår i: Analize – Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies, ISSN 2344-2352, nr 11, s. 5-15Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 286.
    Céline, Prisca
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Buddhism i skolan: En kvalitativ studie om högstadieungdomar med och utan buddhistisk bakgrund2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur sexton gymnasieelever, varav sex elever har buddhistisk bakgrund, uppfattar undervisningen om buddhism på högstadiet. Stor vikt läggs på deras uppfattning på buddhism och vilket innehåll samt vilka metoder som har använts i undervisningen. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av gruppintervjuer och enskilda intervjuer. Elever med buddhistisk bakgrund upplever att de har lärt sig mer om buddhismens historia i religionsundervisningen men att det saknas fakta om högtider och traditioner. Elever utan buddhistisk bakgrund upplever att de har ingen kunskap om hur en lekman inom buddhism utövar sin tro och om det finns buddhistiska högtider. Utifrån elevernas upplevelser har deras lärare använt metoder såsom grupparbeten och genomgångar. Som viktigaste slutsats, kommer jag fram till en viss enformighet. Antagligen behövs det olika perspektiv beträffande läroböcker och filmer.

  • 287.
    Dageryd, Marcus
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    A Comprehensive Buck-Passing Account of Value2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 288.
    Dahlin, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Moraliskt ansvar och slump2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 289.
    Dahlkvist, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Islam, peace and nonviolence: The thinking of Maulana Wahiduddin Khan2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 290.
    Dahlkvist, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Ramadan på Ålidhem2009Ingår i: Ramadan: En svensk tradition / [ed] Jenny Berglund och Simon Sorgenfrei, Lund: Arcus förlag , 2009, s. 79-93Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 291.
    Dahlkvist, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Rejection of violence and state-building in Islam - the case of India's Maulana Wahiduddin Khan2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 292.
    Dahlkvist, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The politics of Islam, non-violence, and peace: the thought of Maulana Wahiduddin Khan in context2019Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of the multifaceted thought of Maulana Wahiduddin Khan (b.1925–), Indian writer, public intellectual, and Muslim religious leader. Khan has been a prolific writer since at least the 1970s and is also an ālim, a Muslim scholar learned in religion. His reputation is based on his public presentation of Islam, non-violence, and peace – a position he has defended in his monthly journal, al-Risāla (Eng. version: Spirit of Islam), a large number of published books and pamphlets, and recently also through use of the internet and social media. Furthermore, as a religious leader and debater Khan has been active as a commentator in Indian national media and through religious dialogue meetings, for which he has received national awards and honours. Khan’s religious thought may be summarised as a thorough attempt at presenting Islam, the Quran, and the example of the Prophet Muhammad as a systematic message of peace. Islam is described as a divine message calling for individual commitment and knowledge. Hence, Islam requires a setting of freedom, peace, and stability so that believers can choose its message without restriction. The Quran is regarded as highlighting non-violent patience as the most significant virtue and peace is both a divine quality as well as a requirement for salvation. The religious ideal of the Prophet Muhammad is not his political achievements. Instead, the Prophet’s message is understood as peaceful negotiation and success through turning conflict into friendship as the ultimate path to end hatred, violence, and persecution. The concept of jihad is seen as essential to this type of peace-building struggle; spreading Islam only through preaching, as well as overcoming the hurdles of the self and ego, for instance anger and violent impulses. By situating Khan’s thought in a context of historical and contemporary debate on the meaning of Islam, this study argues that he continues and develops the nineteenth century Indian Islamic Modernist tradition of presenting Islam, non-violence, and peace in relation to issues of the modern state and the minority situation of Indian Muslims. This type of religious position became nationally prominent from the 1920s during the Indian independence movement. In the contemporary Indian political and social situation however, Hindu nationalist and anti-Muslim rhetoric is being followed by large-scale violence. Khan’s thinking aims to dissociate the rhetorical connection between Islam and violence, while supporting the democratic, pluralist, and secular trappings of the state. The analysis of Khan’s thought considers Islamic Modernism and unmarked reform Sufi Islam, alongside the secularism, democratic liberalism, and reform socialism of the Indian constitution. However, these thematic and discursive structures of thought are formulated by Khan with regard to a certain historical situation, and address particular political and social issues. Studying the various connections between Khan’s thought, the ideological and religious debates, and the historical context of Indian and global society, the final analysis of this study takes on the theoretical issue of whether contemporary and globalised religion can be a force for the development of more democratic and peaceful societies.

  • 293.
    Dahlkvist, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Lindgren, Tomas
    Wahiduddin Khan: A psychobiographical study of a Muslim pacifist2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 294.
    Dahlkvist, Rebecka
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Det sekulära folkhemmets liturgier?: Ritualer hos Förbundet för religionsfrihet år 1952–1972.2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 295.
    Dal Cero, Luca
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Proper Names: a Verbal Dispute: An investigation of the concept of reference2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper sets out to investigate whether the contrast between Description theories of reference and Direct Reference theories constitutes what Chalmers calls “a broad verbal dispute” on the concept of reference.      I begin by describing Chalmers’ “method of elimination” concerning verbal disputes, according to which, in order to find out whether a dispute is verbal or whether it expresses a substantial disagreement on matters of fact, the key concept involved is barred and substituted by two new concepts defined according to the frameworks of the respective theories.   I limit the domain of my enquiry to proper names. I outline the version of Descriptivism advanced by Searle and the version of Direct Reference pictured by Kripke. The definition found for the Descriptive framework consists in reference being the thing that best fits a set of descriptions commonly known and associated with a proper name. In turn, the definition found for the Direct Reference framework consists in reference being the thing once baptized with the proper name used.   In order to concretely explicitate a substantial difference between the definitions of reference within the two framework, I use Dagfinn Føllesdal's general definition of reference, according to which reference is the thing that is talked about when a proper name is used. The Descriptive framework is consistent with Føllesdal's definition, while in Kripke's framework reference cannot be determined in terms of the thing that is talked about. I conclude that the role reference is asked to play differs distinctly within the two frameworks.   As a last step, I investigate whether the concept of reference of the Description Theory and the concept of reference of the Direct Reference Theory are acceptable respectively for the theorist of the opposing field. Statements are constructed in which the two terms expressing reference according to each framework are used and on which both frameworks can agree concerning their truth value.   The fact that the concept of reference in the two fields are substantially different and at the same time that they can be accepted by the opposing field points towards the conclusion that the dispute between the Descriptive theory and the Direct Reference theory can be understood, in Chalmers' terms, as broadly verbal.

  • 296.
    Danell, Rickard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, AnnaUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.Wisselgren, PerUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Social science in context: historical, sociological, and global perspectives2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Social Science in Context is one of the first ventures to explore the relationship between social science and society in historical, sociological and global perspective. What impact has the research in these areas had on society? How are research fields established and to what ends? 

    Social Science in Context is a compilation of articles by an international and multidisciplinary group of scholars. The authors analyse the practical making and discursive aspects of social scientific knowledge and examples are drawn from a broad range of disciplines such as sociology, psychology, economics, and gender studies. 

    The overall aim of the book is to encourage a contextual and reflexive understanding of the complex relationship between the social sciences and society. The bonds of the past and today are made up by reciprocity and involve key elements such as gender and power, science and politics, academic boundaries and global power relations. 

    The book should be of interest to researchers, graduate students or anyone else interested in understanding and reflecting upon the uses, roles and functions of social science in today’s globalised world.

  • 297.
    Danielsson, Joseph
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Tid och relativitet: Utmaningen från den Speciella relativitetsteorin för Presentism2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats tar upp två filosofers argumentation kring konflikten mellan Presentism och denspeciella relativitetsteorin: D. H. Mellor och Theodore Sider. Utifrån detta ges ett försvar avPresentism i ljuset av speciella relativitetsteorin och Mellor´s och Sider´s argument. Försvaretgår ut på att visa att denna konflikt inte innebär inkompatibilitet. Möjligheten att försvaraPresentism genom att påpeka olika tolkningar av speciella relativitetsteorin som empirisktlikvärdiga ges.

  • 298.
    de Loisted, André
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Den svenskspråkiga arbetarrörelsen i Finland 1904 – 1906 i tidningen Arbetaren2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 299.
    De Veirman, Sofie
    et al.
    History Department, Ghent Univeristy .
    Haage, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Deaf and unwanted?: marriage characteristics of deaf people in eighteenth and nineteenth-century Belgium: a comparative and cross-regional approach2016Ingår i: Continuity and Change, ISSN 0268-4160, E-ISSN 1469-218X, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 241-273Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the marriage characteristics of deaf men and women born in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Belgium are compared to each other, as well as to a group of non-deaf siblings and a group of Swedish deaf persons. The aim is to determine the extent to which the marriage pattern of deaf persons lined up with that of non-disabled persons and to see how experiences of disablement interacted with the environment in which persons dwelt. This article challenges the belief in a universal disability experience by arguing that although deaf individuals generally encountered more difficulties in finding a marriage partner, marriage chances were significantly dependent on personal characteristics such as gender, living environment and birth date. As such, we demonstrate that the relationship between being deaf and being vulnerable on the marriage market was not an inescapable one, but the product of specific environments.

  • 300.
    De Vries, Bouke
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    ‘I am your son, mother’: Severe dementia and duties to visit parents who can’t recognise you2019Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonly assumed that many, if not most, adult children have moral duties to visit their parents when they can do so at reasonable cost. However, whether such duties persist when the parents lose the ability to recognise their children, usually due to dementia, is more controversial. Over 40% of respondents in a public survey from the British Alzheimer’s Society said that it was “pointless” to keep up contact at this stage. Insofar as one cannot be morally required to do pointless things, this would suggest that children are relieved of any duties to visit their parents. In what appears to be the only scholarly treatment of this issue, Claudia Mills has defended this view, arguing that our duties to visit our parents require a type of relationship that is lost when parents no longer remember who their children are. This article challenges Mills’ argument. Not only can children be duty-bound to visit parents who have lost the ability to recognise them, I argue that many children do in fact have such duties. As I show, these duties are grounded in any special interests that their parents have in their company; the fact that visiting their parents might allow them to comply with generic duties of sociability; and/or the fact that such visits allow them to express any gratitude that they owe their parents.

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