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  • 301.
    Resic, Anela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Proportionalitetsprincipen – en principmed flera funktioner: En studie av proportionalitetsprincipens olika tillämpningar iunionsrätten i jämförelse med nationell rätt2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 302.
    Ricken, Joseph
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    The Rule of Law and InformalJustice Systems: A Potential Conflict in Judicial Development2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 303.
    Rönnmar, Mia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Kullman, Miriam
    Maastricht University.
    Numhauser-Henning, Ann
    Lund University.
    Ulander-Wänman, Carin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Employment protection and older workers2017In: Elder law: evolving European perspectives / [ed] Ann Numhauser-Henning, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 204-228Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 304.
    Saati, Abrak
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Building peace abroad and coming back home: experiences of Swedish police officers2018In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 28, no 9, p. 1050-1064Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since the Swedish Police Authority established a unit for Peace Support Operations in 2000, approximately 70–110 Swedish police officers have participated in peacebuilding missions around the globe on an annual basis. This signifies that a substantial number of Swedish police officers have gained practical experience of assisting post-conflict states to rebuild their societies, reform their security sectors and establish a police force that acts in accordance with the principles of democratic policing. However, to date, there is no research that has set out to investigate these police officers’ experiences; not only of building peace abroad within the framework of democratic policing, but also of coming back home to reengage in Swedish police work. In this paper we begin to address this research gap. We do so through a number of qualitative interviews with Swedish police officers who have recent experiences of participating in peacebuilding missions in Liberia, Kosovo and Haiti. The findings show that despite certain obstacles, the police officers find ways to conduct police work in a manner that they believe supports the advancement of a democratic police force, and that their overall sentiment of building peace abroad is positive. However, their experiences of returning home to reengage in Swedish police work are less satisfactory. Officers express frustration that new insights and new knowledge gained abroad do not seem to be valued by the Swedish Police Authority. This is a finding that aligns with results from previous studies on Canadian and Australian police officers.

  • 305.
    Saglind, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Psykisk sjukdoms betydelsevid förlängningstvister: Psykisk sjukdoms betydelse för utgången iförlängningstvister i hyresnämnden och hovrätten2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 306.
    Sarre, Rick
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences. University of South Australia.
    Swift, certain and fair: Does Project HOPE provide a therapeutic paradigm for managing offenders?2018In: Australian and New Zealand journal of criminology, ISSN 0004-8658, E-ISSN 1837-9273, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 473-474Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Schratzenstaller, Margit
    Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO).
    The Next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), its Structure and the Own Resources2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU budget is facing numerous long-term challenges, which are not adequately addressed, neither on the expenditure nor on the revenue side. Regardless of the future EU integration scenario, a fundamental overhaul of the MFF is required. EU expenditure should provide more European added value. Tax-based own resources partially replacing current own resources have the potential to reduce sustainability gaps within Member States’ tax regimes as well as to alleviate the juste retour problem.

  • 308.
    Schratzenstaller, Margit
    et al.
    Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO).
    Krenek, Alexander
    Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO).
    Tax-based own resources to finance the EU budget: potential revenues, summary evaluation from a sustainability perspective, and implementation aspects2019Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The existing EU system of own resources financing EU expenditures does not make any positive contribution to the various EU strategies and policies implemented to cope with the manifold long-term challenges confronting the EU. It is against this background that the European Commission as well as the High Level Group on Own Resources, but also the European Parliament have (repeatedly) called for the introduction of tax-based own resources to partially substitute national contributions to the EU budget. Our specific contribution to this debate consists in the exploration of sustainability-oriented options for tax-based own resources which are able to support sustainable growth and development in the EU. Based on a concept of sustainability-oriented taxation in the context of own resources for the EU, we develop sustainability-oriented evaluation criteria to assess the suitability of specific candidates for tax-based own resources. We then present various options for tax-based own resources and estimations of their revenue potential. Moreover, a summary evaluation of these options based on our evaluation criteria is undertaken. Finally, we address implementation aspects. In particular, we briefly present and discuss potential models to implement tax-based own resources in the EU within the existing legal framework.

  • 309.
    Schratzenstaller, Margit
    et al.
    Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO).
    Krenek, Alexander
    Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO).
    Nerudová, Danuše
    Mendel University in Brno.
    Dobranschi, Marian
    Mendel University in Brno.
    EU taxes as genuine own resource to finance the EU budget: pros, cons and sustainability-oriented criteria to evaluate potential tax candidates2016Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    EU taxes play a key role in political and economic discussions about the future of the EU own resource system, and their desirability can vary accordingly. It is therefore essential to clearly articulate the goals which are to be achieved by the introduction of this new financing tool. This paper provides a critical overview of advantages and disadvantages of EU taxes. Reviewing the conventional fiscal federalism and political economy literature on this topic it can be concluded that there is no obvious (overall) case for funding the EU budget with EU taxes rather than with contributions by Member States which currently make up for the lion’s share of EU own resources. There are, however, some specific issues arising from a sustainability perspective, which could be addressed with the introduction of EU taxes. Departing from a comprehensive concept of sustainability, which is based on the economic, the social, the environmental and the cultural/institutional pillar of sustainability, the paper reviews sustainability gaps in taxation in the EU. EU taxes if designed accordingly may be suitable instruments to reduce these sustainability gaps. The paper also develops criteria based on the four dimensions of sustainability that may be used in a next step to evaluate potential candidates for EU taxes.

  • 310.
    Senator, Rasmus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Westerlind, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sportjournalister – inte lika bra på att gräva?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om synen på objektivitetsidealet och kritisk granskning inom sportjournalistiken.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the view of the ideal of objectivity in sports journalism and other factors that can effect a journalists terms to their journalistic ethic such as the commercialization, investigative journalism and their relationship to their sources. The purpose is further to investigate if these different factors differ on a national- or local level of sports journalism.

    For this study we have chosen the method of a qualitative interview, where six sports journalists and two news editors are included. The interviews have been deducted with help of an interview guide, which has been used the same way  the journalists that’s been interview. 

    This particular field of journalism studies is yet to be discovered in a bigger scale. Therefore, this study has used a great bit of earlier research and also three different theories to help us in answering the purpose of the study and our question formulation; News management, Media logic and the Swedish exchange-theory.

    The result of the study shows that there are some differences in how journalists on a national- and a local newspaper view the importance of investigative journalism, relationships with their sources and how they apply the ideal of objectivity in their role as a journalist. The study also shows that commercialization of the sports industry has an impact on sport journalism were several new actors such as public relation-experts and organizations want to effect the media and “sell” their product to the newspapers. 

  • 311.
    Seton, Rebecka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Arbetsmiljö och patientsäkerhet: En kontraproduktiv särbehandling?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 312.
    Siegwan, Arvid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Godmansinstitutet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 313.
    Sjöberg, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg: - en uppsats i tre delar om rättspolitisk kreativitet.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 314.
    Sjögren, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Försäkringsskydd vid arbetsskada: En analys av en ifrågasatt försäkring2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 315.
    Sjöquist, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Crime as Process: An Exploratory Inquiry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to theoretically discuss and problematizing the influence of gender and sex throughout the crime as process in Sweden. The issue of gender, criminality and a system for justice will be discussed from different angles to identify, understand and problematize the different parts of the process.The research question has been: In what way may theories, research and knowledge give understanding regarding the socially constructed gender within the crime as process in an overall perspective?Different theories and examples of research and other knowledge for each step in crime as process is presented in order to understand the impact of gender. The context is delimited to Sweden, Swedish law, crime fighting and courts as well as corrective instances in Sweden. In this project, the model used for the reflection is first and foremost allowing a systematic work through of the crime as process in order to identify and formulate patterns of interest. The model is used to drive the theoretical discussion forward.The moving between sex and gender considering crime and criminality opens several challenges. They contest perceptions on crime and criminality, on its development, its extent and its appearance. The constructed systems and ideas on the importance of gender is probably of importance but are at the same time questioning, at a fundamental level, a strong tradition. Since the queries are at fundamental level it is probably hard to address theories’ accuracy built on these premises. There are too many, simultaneously effecting processes, of different directions, to understand neither good or bad nor right or wrong. What could be said is that biological sex does not suffice to understand neither crime, criminality, crime fighting nor its descriptions. If we assume the society creates all the above mentioned: how would it look if we fully accepted gender as a key variable?

  • 316.
    Sjöqvist, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Arbetstagaren i sjukskrivningsprocessen: - Kollisioner och överensstämmelser mellan förvaltningsrättsliga och arbetsrättsliga regleringar kring nedsatt arbetsförmåga på grund av sjukdom2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 317.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Invocation of coercion context in compliance communication: power dynamics in psychiatric care2006In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, ISSN 0160-2527, E-ISSN 1873-6386, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 36-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on observations from ethnographic fieldwork to develop a theoretical understanding of the power dynamics in psychiatric care. The aim is to analyze how psychiatric clinicians solve compliance problems by invoking "coercion context".

    It is suggested that clinicians take a rather instrumental approach to laws regulating coercive intervention. Clinicians may invoke a coercion context even with voluntary patients. For example, they may use wordings that connote coercion, or they may make use of how treatment wards are set up to accommodate involuntary patients, thus stalling voluntary patients who cannot exit through locked doors. A coercion context can also be invoked to solve mundane practical problems, e.g. when clinicians talk about "coerced showers". The management of information and maintaining a suitable "awareness context"with regards to coercion is an essential feature in clinical attempts to achieve compliance from patients.

    In conclusion, the notion of coercion context helps explain the confusing findings from previous research about patients' apparent misconceptions of their formal legal status. Furthermore, it is argued that research that rely on decontextualised, objectifications of "coercion" risk to miss the meaning coercion is assigned in everyday clinical practice.

  • 318.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jacobsson, Maritha
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hollander, Anna
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Kollegialitet, terapi och medling: experters tolkningsrepertoarer i psykiatrimål2002In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 39, no 3-4, p. 86-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article investigates the role of court appointed psychiatrist’s (AP) in Swedish court hearings relating to compulsory psychiatric care. Data consist of taperecordings and documents from twelve court hearings together with informal interviews with actors in court.

    The discourse in court is analysed in terms of interpretative repertoires. The possibility for APs to examine each case is limited by shortage of time and resources. Furthermore, APs may have to take into account an out-of-court, professional relationship to the treating psychiatrist (CP). We find that conversation between APs and CPs frequently are carried out in a collegiate repertoire. These circumstances inhibit a detailed critical examination of the CP’s application for compulsory care, which in turn helps explaining why APs seldom assess cases different from CPs.

    This raises the question of how APs’ status as experts is reproduced in courtroom conversation. This is accomplished by using a disclosing repertoire, which invites the patient to produce incoherent talk. Expert status is also reproduced when APs give medical advise to patients in a therapeutic repertoire. Applying a mediating repertoire, APs attempt to resolve clinical conflicts between CPs and patients. As a result, the legal conflict at stake is downplayed.

  • 319.
    Skarpsvärd, Christin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Barnets bästa vid utvisning på grund av brott2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 320.
    Solilová, Veronika
    et al.
    Mendel University in Brno.
    Nerudová, Danuše
    Mendel University in Brno.
    Dobranschi, Marian
    Mendel University in Brno.
    Sustainability-oriented Future EU Funding: A Financial Transaction Tax2016Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although  the  responsibility  for  realizing  the  Europe  2020  strategy  is  shared  between the EU and its 28 member states, the main criticism of the current EU budget relates to the lack of a link between the budget and Europe 2020  strategy.  Therefore a new  budget design as well as alternative revenue sources is currently explored within a  mid-term review. One of the possible candidates is a Financial Transaction Tax (FTT). To research FTT revenue potential, a model based on  a remittance system was designed. We analyse full or partial replacement of VAT- and GNI-based own resources by the transfer of the tax revenues from a FTT raised on a national level to the EU budget. The research reveals that FTT-based own resources would be able to fully replace GNI-based own resources and VAT-based own resources only for some EU member states. However, the results also show that, from the EU11 (28) perspective, the tax is sufficient to fully replace VAT- or GNI-contributions if levied on the EU11 (28) level (not on the national level) as a direct payment to the EU budget without tracking the source Member State.

  • 321.
    Sonevik, Linnéa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Wahlgren, Agnes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    ”I’ve never been politically correct – truthfully it takes far too much time and can often make it more difficult to achieve total victory”: En kritisk diskursanalys av Donald Trumps tal under valåret 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study, ​“‘I’ve never been politically correct – truthfully it takes far too much time and can often make it more difficult to achieve total victory’ - a Critical Discourse Analysis of Donald Trump's speeches during United States presidential election of 2016”​, examines the political communication through linguistic strategies throughout 10 of Donald Trump’s speeches from the Trump rallies during the election year 2016. In order to serve that purpose, this thesis investigates which ones of the discourses that dominates the republican agenda in this context. ​Accordingly to the Critical Discourse Analysis the aim is also to see whether the worldview in Trumps speeches is constructed or deconstructed.

    The study is based on a theoretical framework with theories about social constructionism, nationalism and populism. A quantitative content analysis was made through the online text tool “Textometrica” in order to see Trumps main discourses. The qualitative content analysis was made through Norman Faircloughs three-dimensional model for a Critical Discourse Analysis.

    According to the analysis of this study, the five main discourses are ​Establishment, Trump, USA, Immigration ​and​ Work​. Around these discourses, Donald Trump’s main strategy is constructing an opposition between “us” and “them”, where “us” consist with Trump himself and the american people, and “them” includes the establishment, other countries and immigrants. Based on these opponents, and through disparaging “them” in a strategy, here called “the thief-strategy”, Trump constructs a reality where “us” is the better half and he appears as the hero in this duo.

    In conclusion, Trumps strategy in order to win the presidential election 2016 included running a political agenda characterized by populism which later on can lead to a polarized community, and a dissatisfied american people who will be open for change and a new leader.

  • 322. Sosa, Lorena
    et al.
    Niemi, Johanna
    van der Aa, Suzan
    Protection Against Violence: The Challenges of Incorporating Human Rights' Standards to Procedural Law2019In: Human Rights Quarterly, ISSN 0275-0392, E-ISSN 1085-794X, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 939-961Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past three decades, violence against women has received considerable attention in human rights law. While traditionally a matter for national law, today several human rights instruments place obligations on states to protect victims from gender-based violence via protection orders. National procedural law doctrines, however, have not been particularly adaptive to these demands. In this article we discuss the structures, principles, and mechanisms of procedural law in relation to the demands from human rights law.

  • 323.
    Spangenberg, Ulrike
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Mumford, Ann
    Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London, United Kingdom.
    Daly, Stephen
    Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Navigating taxation towards sustainability: contradictions between social, gender, environmental, and economic ambitions, obligations and governance capacities in European tax law2018Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses existing tax competences in EU law, in the light of European and international obligations, and their evolution since the initial founding of the European Economic Community. It approaches this task not just from the perspective of competences, but examines values, objectives, obligations and actual governance capacities underpinning the implementation and realisation of these aims and duties in the field of taxation. The analysis is linked to discourses addressing sustainability gaps within EU taxation law and policy, in particular: a prevailing focus on economic growth; a lack of EU-level environmental taxation; an absence of tax measures that tackle, much less consider inequalities in income and wealth; and, persisting socio-economic inequalities between men and women.

    The concept of sustainable development features prominently in the objectives of the European Union and is closely linked to the function of the internal market. The implications of sustainability for legal obligations, however, remain unclear, and particularly so in the context of taxation. This paper provides an outline of the current legal framework for positive and negative integration of taxation, and considers the evolution of values, objectives and obligations in European and International law with a particular focus on the legal concept of sustainable development. From this basis, it examines legislative capacities to address the economic, ecological and social dimensions of sustainable development in the area of taxation and offers preliminary options for the amendment of hard and soft law mechanisms, so as fully to support European values and objectives in the field of taxation.

  • 324.
    Storbacka, Sabina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Återkrav av ERUF- och ESF stöd2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Strandberg, Anton
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Förskott på arv: Om arvsförskottet till bröstarvingar i ÄB 6 kap2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 326.
    Strandh, Veronica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Kinsman, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Lokal resiliens mot våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism i norra Sverige2018In: Fremmedkrigere: forebygging, straffeforfølgning og rehabilitering i Skandinavia / [ed] Anna Andersson, Sofie Alexandra Engli Høgestøl, Anne Christine Lie, Gyldendal Juridisk, 2018, 1, p. 235-264Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 327.
    Strömberg, Helén
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Wennberg, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Ifrågasatta RUT-tjänster2011In: Kvinnors företagande - mål eller medel? / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Gun Hedlund och Martin Wottle, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2011, 1, p. 161-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 328.
    Sundberg, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Delad lagfart – dubbel glädje: - Konsekvenser vid dold samäganderätt, då lagfart på fastighet inte är delad mellan makar eller sambor2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 329.
    Sundqvist, Max
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    A life free from violence: The legacy of Belem do Para in Latin America2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The inter american convention to eradicate all violence against women (also known as Convención de Belém do Pará, signed in 1994 ) was the first international treaty which purpose is to assure women a life free from physical, psychological and/or other forms of violence. In that sense, it actually turns the debate of men’s violence against women into a human rights debate. In this paper I will analyze how Latin American countries are coping with their obligations from Convención de Belém do Pará from a comparative legal studies perspective. I will discuss how gendered violence, femicides and attempted femicide is addressed in the national legal codes of fou Latin American countries. I will use a comparative legal method and attempt to point to historical, social, cultural and political explanations behind legislation in these countries in the aftermath of Belem Do Para. Finally, I will point to that I find that there are several key areas that are neglected currently in Latin America’s legislations. Firstly, prevention is not given enough room in current legislations. Furthermore, specifically vulnerable groups (i.e. sex workers, minorities, poor women, rural women et cetera) are not in any country provided with special protection. Also, the judiciary dealing with violence against women in Latin America, mainly lack special preparation to investigate and advice on gendered violence in general, and deadly gendered violence (femicides) in particular. Nevertheless, the overall development of inclusion of legislation targeting femicides is positive, and further steps to expand the current protection should be encouraged throughout the region.

  • 330.
    Sundström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    CFC-beskattning: En komparativ studie av de amerikanska Subpart F-reglerna och de svenska CFC-reglerna2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 331.
    Sundstén, Lina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Testamentsregister: Ett behövligt institut i Sverige?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 332.
    Suvanavasin, Parinya
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Tjänstedirektivet – frihet att tillhandahålla tjänster: Är listan med krav i artikel 16.2 absoluta förbud eller kan kraven rättfärdigas?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 333.
    Svedberg, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Den dubbla jakträtten i svenska Sápmi: En studie om det av staten konstruerade jaktproblemet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The dual hunting right in Swedish Sápmi: a study of the hunting problem constructed

    by the state.

    Subject terms: dual hunting rights, elimination of dual hunting rights, hunting right, Sami law,

    Sami people, indigenous people, Northern Sweden, time immemorial, expropriation, Sami

    village.

    Northern Sweden where the indigenous people of Sweden, the Sami people, originally have

    lived a dual hunting right exists on certain parts of the area. According to the Hunting Act

    (1987:259) 10 § as well as by the ownership itself, the property owners have the right to hunt

    on the land they owe. The Sami people has a hunting right which follows of the Reindeer

    Husbandry Act 25 § as well as by the property right based on time immemorial use which

    they have acquired according to Swedish law since they have used the land areas for such a

    long time. Both of the group’s rights are protected as property in the Constitution. The thesis

    aims to analyze the meaning of the so-called “dual hunting right” as well as to analyze the

    legal problems to eliminate the dual hunting right. The thesis is based on a legal dogmatic

    method, which means that the traditional sources of law have been used. The thesis concludes

    that the problem with the dual hunting right regards fundamental rights and freedoms. Both of

    the groups have equally well based rights. In which geographic areas the dual hunting right

    exists is not fully clear. However, it is difficult to find a legitimate way to eliminate the dual

    hunting right. Voluntary agreements with either the Sami people or the property owners are

    unlikely. Furthermore, a forced solution to eliminate one of the hunting rights is an

    expropriation or a similar procedure. Procedures like that have to be justified by important

    public interests, which is not present. The legislator has previously discussed elimination in

    terms of an elimination of the Sami people´s hunting rights only. However, I believe that it is

    not possible to eliminate the dual hunting right.

  • 334.
    Svensson, Eva-Maria
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet och Universitetet i Tromsö.
    Andersson, UlrikaLunds universitet.Braekhus, HegeUniversitetet i Tromsö.Burman, MonicaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.Hellum, AnneUniversitetet i Oslo.Jørgensen, StineKöpenhamns universitet.Pylkkänen, AnuUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law. Åbo universitet.
    På vei: kjønn og rett i Norden2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 335.
    Svensson, Eva-Maria
    et al.
    Juridiska institutionen Göteborgs universitet.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Gender equality in the Swedish welfare state2012In: feminists@law, ISSN 2046-9551, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 336.
    Svensson, Jesper
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Den sämsta målgruppen att lura?: En studie av unga nyhetskonsumenters attityder till native advertising2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the increased volume of commercial content online, some news sites have adopted so-called native advertising on their websites to convey marketing messages more discreetly. As an increased share of advertising budgets is spent on this form of advertising this essay aims to examine its news consumer’s attitudes towards the phenomenon. The research was carried out through a qualitative study where news consumers discussed their attitudes in two separate focus groups. This was analyzed with the help of the previous studies Advertisement - an uninvited guest? and Banner Blindness as well as theories including theory of science hermeneutics, reception analysis, convergence culture, brand schema, advertising schema and ad- brand attitude.The results show that in most cases native advertising is met with indifferent attitudes but in some cases also confusion, which could lead to negative attitudes towards the ad and the news site. The respondents mostly had a scientism towards native ads but because they don´t intend to pay for their news their attitudes are more indifferent than negative. However most of the respondents experienced a so called third-person effect which means that they think they’re not affected by ads, but others are. They say that their generation is the hardest group to fool. Thus this thesis concludes that the most favorable ads were technology- and channel driven, which is a form of semi native ads. This is making it a little less native and more recognizable as a commercial message

  • 337.
    Svensson, Linnéa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Violence against women with temporary residence permit: An analysis of judgements from the Migration Court2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government has an equality goal that men´s violence against women must stop, the government has also signed several international obligations to eliminate discrimination and violence against women. The number of people that moves to Sweden due to family ties is steadily increasing and research has shown that foreign born women have an increased risk of being exposed to male partner violence. How the question about violence against women with temporary residence permit is handled in the alien law has been criticised by women’s organisations and in a government inquiry for being oppressive towards women. The aim in this thesis is to examine how the alien law is applied in the practical work and since the Migration Court generally is the final instance that decides in cases regarding continued residence permit, 16 judgments from the Migration Court are analysed. The aim is to examine how violence against women with temporary residence permit is handled by the Migration Court, which discourses about violence and immigrant women that can be identified in the judgements and how this relate to the gender equality goal to eliminate violence against women. To analyse the judgements discourse analysis is used, to analyse how the law is applied a dogmatic approach and a critical perspective is also partly used. The analysis of the judgments suggest that the interpretation of the alien law is more generous than the legislator might has intended, however the assessments in the judgements varies, especially the question of the duration of the cohabitation. The consequence is that the interpretation of the alien law is unpredictable. Findings also suggest that a woman´s credibility is dependent on that she has made the violence probable. Two discourses are identified “the seeking help discourse” that shows that a lot of responsibility is placed on the individual woman to seek help and protection. And “the discourse of the invisibility of the violence” which points to that if the woman has any other reasons to be granted a residence permit, the Migration Court in many cases fail to discuss or even mention the claimed violence or violation, which creates a notion about what the Court values. It can be stated from this study that how the Migration Court handles the question about men´s violence against women is not compatible to national obligations and to that Swedish government gender equality goal about ending men´s violence against women.

  • 338.
    Svensson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Individualiserad föräldrapenning: - En rättighet eller skyldighet att vårda sitt barn?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 339.
    Sánchez Mata, María Gema
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Towards criminalization of gender discriminatory advertisements: Deconstructing visual material resulting in violence and misogyny2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden lacks legislation against gender discrimination in advertising considered to be a hate crime. This thesis challenges the limits of law in order to highlight the lack of “gender reasons” in legal articles, by analysing possible links between ‘images that speak’ and law. The study concerns semiotic visual rhetoric image analysis of direct marketing advertisement employing a deconstructive approach from a post-structural gender perspective. The theoretic frame approaches subject constructions, power and performativity (Foucault 1978, 1982; Butler 1988, 1995). Delving in how advertiser companies construct the concept of (specific) ‘women’ in Sweden, and how this affects them in society in regard to gender equality, discrimination, violence, rape, hate and misogyny, the analysis shows how certain ads might induce to hateful and criminal behaviour against a particular group of women on the basis of sex, gender, age and ethnicity, through how they construct subjects by ‘what these say and how it means’ in advertising visual form. Taking a position on understanding the interpretation and use of legal principles towards transformative, anti-discrimination and prohibition or criminalisation of actions with the aim to achieve gender equality, the study concludes that misogynist advertisements should be contextualized to serve as another perspective into the criminalization of messages of discrimination, sexism, violence and hate against women based on gender prejudice under what the Swedish Law describes as hate crime.

  • 340.
    Sánchez Mata, María Gema
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Towards criminalization of gender discriminatory advertisements: Deconstructing visual material resulting in violence and misogyny2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden lacks legislation against gender discrimination in advertising considered to be a hate crime. This thesis challenges the limits of law in order to highlight the lack of 'gender reasons' in legal articles, by analysing possible links between ‘images that speak’ and law.

    Delving in how advertiser companies construct the concept of (specific) ‘women’ in Sweden, and how this affects them in society in regard to gender equality, discrimination, violence, rape, hate and misogyny, the analysis shows how certain ads might induce to hateful and criminal behaviour against a particular group of women on the basis of sex, gender, age and ethnicity, through how companies construct subjects by ‘what these say and how it means’ in advertising visual form. 

    Taking a position on understanding the interpretation and use of legal principles towards transformative, anti-discrimination and prohibition or criminalisation of actions with the aim to achieve gender equality, the study concludes that misogynist advertisements should be contextualized to serve as another perspective into the criminalization of messages of discrimination, sexism, violence and hate against women based on gender prejudice under what the Swedish Law describes as hate crime.   

  • 341.
    Sánchez Mata, María Gema
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Towards criminalization of gender discriminatory advertisements: Deconstructing visual material resulting in violence and misogyny2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden lacks legislation against gender discrimination in advertising considered to be a hate crime. This thesis challenges the limits of law in order to highlight the lack of “gender reasons” in legal articles, by analysing possible links between ‘images that speak’ and law. The study concerns semiotic visual rhetoric image analysis of direct marketing advertisement, employing a deconstructive approach from a post-structural gender perspective. The theoretic frame approaches subject constructions, power and performativity (Foucault 1978, 1982; Butler 1988, 1995). Delving in how advertiser companies construct the concept of (specific) ‘women’ in Sweden, and how this affects them in society in regard to gender equality, discrimination, violence, rape, hate and misogyny, the analysis shows how certain ads might induce to hateful and criminal behaviour against a particular group of women on the basis of sex, gender, age and ethnicity through how they construct subjects by ‘what these say and how it means’ in advertising visual form. Taking a position on understanding the interpretation and use of legal principles towards transformative, anti-discrimination and prohibition or criminalisation of actions with the aim to achieve gender equality, the study concludes that misogynist advertisements should be contextualized to serve as another perspective into the criminalization of messages of discrimination, sexism, violence and hate against women based on gender prejudice under what the Swedish Law describes as hate crime.

  • 342.
    Taawo, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Uppsägning med saklig grund: - en studie om uppsägning på grund av samarbetsproblem2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 343.
    Taussi Sjöberg, Marja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Brott och straff i Västernorrland 1861-18901981Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How did people manage to survive the adjustment from an agrarian way of life to an urban and industrial one, and how did communities undergoing this transformation deal with the new problems which arose in connection with the change? These problems are studied in this work, which is about crime, criminals and the control of crime in a province in northern Sweden which changed rapidly between the years of 1861-90 as a result of the tremendous expansion of the forestry industry. It became apparent that the change from agrarian to industrial society did not lead to a brutalisation of people's behaviour. Serious crimes did not increase. Communities managed to survive the transformation well and were highly mobilised to meet the change. New laws were created and the control of the adherence to the laws was changed. The control of minor criminality passed over from local autonomous institutions to general courts. This change can be seen in the official statistics, which show that the number of minor crimes increased considerably. The threat to the continuation of social order was believed by the authorities to come from mobile workers, and society's control was aimed primarily at this group. Seasonal workers were, among others, controlled with the help of the drunkenness ordinance and the vagrancy regulation. It was mobile labour which felt the change the most strongly. More people found themselves in prison and for lesser offences than previously, due to the fact that fines were to a greater extent changed to a prison sentence on bread and water. Even if society managed to survive the adjustment from agrarian to industrial reasonably well, many individuals did not. Especially vulnerable groups were, apart from seasonal workers, the young and the very old. Prison recidivism did occur in the agrarian society, as did ostracism, but prison recidivism became more and more common in connection with industrialisation and people became outcasts at an earlier age.

  • 344.
    Tengemark, Emelie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Expertskattens gränsdragningsproblematik: En studie av expertskattens ändamålsenlighet och förutsägbarhet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 345.
    Tentoni, Lorrayne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Intimate Partner Violence on Immigrant Women in Sweden and Portugal: (An analysis of the application of the article 59, I of the Istanbul Convention in both Countries)2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 346.
    Thelander, Åse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Vi vill ju locka in dem i fällan": - En kvalitativ studie om organisationers användning av Instagram2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to examine how selected organizations use Instagram in their communicative work. In order to achieve the purpose, theories and previous research on public relations, strategic communication, organizational communication, convergence culture and social media as a communication tool has been used. The study was conducted through interviews with four different organizations: Björklöven, Rapunzel of Sweden, Visit Umeå and NorrlandsOperan. The material was collected during the period 29th of January to 6th of February 2015. The analysis and the results showed that organizations primarily use Instagram as a secondary sales channel where the goal is to sell certain products and services or highlight other areas of their business. The results also showed that all feel that Instagram is a time consuming tool and that they describe a great fear about managing public dialogue with their followers, however also sees some organizations significant advantages in meeting their followers and absorb what is being said. Finally, there were also large differences in how organizations work strategically with Instagram which also could be linked to how respective management prioritizes Instagram as a communication tool. The organizations that describes a lack of planning without either strategy or clear structure, which brings more stress and anxiety about their work with Instagram, also explains that they lack support and commitment from their management. The organizations that describes the exact opposite, as management clearly shows that Instagram is an important communication tool, when work with Instagram is based on clear strategies and is included in the overall communication planning. This means that organizations work with Instagram are affected differently depending on how management prioritizes Instagram as a communication tool. 

  • 347.
    Theodorou, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.
    Why is AI a matter of design2020In: Artificial Intelligence: Reflections in Philosophy, Theology, and the Social Sciences / [ed] Benedikt Paul Goecke and Astrid Marieke Rosenthal-von der Pütten, Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 348.
    Thoresson, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Tillståndsprövning av fiskodlingar: Hur tillämpas miljökvalitetsnormerna vid prövningen?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 349.
    Törnsén, Monika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Principal Development.
    Ärlestig, Helene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Principal Development.
    Elevers rätt till lärande2012In: Skoljuridik / [ed] Viola Boström, Kjell Lundmark, Malmö: Liber, 2012, 3, p. 177-203Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Ulander-Wänman, Carin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Anställningsskydd och kvalifikationskrav i förändring?2016In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, no 3/4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En aktuell fråga i arbetsrätten är vilken betydelse arbetstagares kvalifikationer har för dels arbetsgivares möjligheter att bedriva konkurrenskraftig verksamhet, dels arbetstagares anställningstrygghet. I den här artikeln redovisas arbetsgivarens rätt att bestämma över sin verksamhet och ställa krav på kvalifikationer samt det rättsliga innehållet i villkoret om tillräckliga kvalifikationer i anställningsskyddslagen. Vidare visas resultaten av en undersökning om hur villkoret om tillräckliga kvalifikationer har tillämpats i arbetsdomstolens rättspraxis sedan lag om anställningsskydd (LAS, SFS 1982:80) trädde i kraft 1974.

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