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  • 301.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Mojgan, Padyab
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande flyktingbarn: om effektivitet, värdighet och barnens bästa från tjänstemäns och gode mäns perspektiv2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport tar sin utgångspunkt i den svenska regeringens ställningstagande att barn som inte anses ha skyddsbehov eller andra skäl att stanna i Sverige ska kunna återvända hem på värdiga sätt. Samma regering har dock också tydligt uttalat att antalet av- och utvisningar väsentligen ska öka i förhållande till tidigare år. Det är den potentiella spänningen mellan skarpa krav på effektivitet i av- och utvisningsärenden å ena sidan och kraven på värdighet, respekt för mänskliga rättigheter och barnets bästa å den andra, som undersöks i den här rapporten. Fokus ligger på hur centrala aktörer förhåller sig till och tolkar dessa krav och på vad deras respektive förhållningssätt och tolkningar betyder för samverkan dem emellan.

    Tre fallstudier i kommuner av varierande storlek belägna i de geografiskt åtskilda länen Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland har genomförts. Fallstudierna bygger på totalt 49 intervjuer med handläggare på Migrationsverket, socialsekreterare, gode män, HVBpersonal och poliser – alla verksamma som centrala aktörer vid av- och utvisningar. I analysen av det insamlade materialet betraktas de professionella aktörerna (de gode männen undantagna) som gräsrotsbyråkrater med vida handlingsutrymmen. Det som undersöks är i vilken utsträckning de anser sig kunna omsätta de politiska målsättningarna om ökad effektivitet och bibehållen värdighet i praktiken. För att kunna analysera vad det är som utmärker samarbete och samverkan mellan aktörerna används teorier om interorganisatorisk samverkan.

    De huvudsakliga slutsatser som framkommit i rapporten är att uppfattningar om och förhållningssätt till det effektiva och värdiga återvändandet skiljer sig åt bland de olika aktörerna i Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland. Aktörerna gör egna tolkningar av begreppen effektivitet och värdighet, i vilka mening skapas utifrån professionella erfarenheter, roller och uppdrag. De största skillnaderna i uppfattning och tolkning har återfunnits mellan aktörskategorierna, inte mellan de tre fallstudierna. Polis och Migrationsverk anser generellt att effektivitet och värdighet går att förena. Poliserna och tjänstemännen på Migrationsverket har jämfört med de andra aktörerna oftare ett uttalat legalt perspektiv och ser både värdighet och respekt för barnens mänskliga rättigheter som inbäddade i det juridiska ramverket. Socialsekreterare, HVB-personal och gode män anser däremot generellt att ett återvändande mot ett barns vilja inte någonsin kan bli värdigt. De är också mer benägna att se det som att Barnkonventionen i relation till utlänningslagen hamnar i underordnad ställning. Vissa likheter mellan aktörerna har också kunnat identifieras. Samtliga betonar gott bemötande, god kommunikation och tydlig information i relation till de barn som fått av- eller utvisningsbeslut.

    Aktörernas olika förhållningssätt får konsekvenser för deras samverkan. Överlag kan samverkan i samtliga undersökta kommuner beskrivas som begränsad, oklar, personberoende och utan gemensamma mål. Aktörerna uttrycker brist på tillit och många upplever en känsla av ensamhet i sina roller. Goda erfarenheter av samverkan finns visserligen men det är tydligt att skilda professionella normer, organisationskulturer, erfarenheter och perspektiv försvårar samverkan.

  • 302.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    En resa med tvång: erfarenheter av avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande asylsökande flyktingbarn2015Report (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gender and physiology in ice hockey: a multidimensional study2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background That men are prioritised over women has been called the “gender regime in sport”, and has in part been explained by the gender difference in performance. However, gender differences in physical performance between women and men can be debated to depend on how comparisons are made and on the fact that there are many different confounders that may influence the results. Even if attempts are made to overcome this and the groups of women and men are stated to be matched, there are still often differences in training experience in years, or differences in training load. Women tend to have less experience in ice hockey in relation to age and differences in training conditions have also been reported. The aim of this thesis was to investigate how female and male ice hockey players position themselves in their sport and to visualise the interactions between society and biology that may affect performance.

    Theoretical approach and methods Harding’s three perspectives (Symbolic, Structural and Individual) were applied on information from team administration as well as on results from questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, and tests of puck velocity, anthropometrics, body composition, isokinetic muscle strength, ergospirometry and on-ice tests from female and male ice hockey players.

    Results Vast differences in structural conditions were found, for example in hockey history and in the financial situation within the teams and both women and men were aware of the gender differences in structural conditions. However these differences were not even considered when comparisons of the ice hockey performance of women and men were made. Nine out of ten female players increased puck velocity when a more flexible stick and a lighter puck were used thus indicating that poorly adjusted equipment may affect performance. Male ice hockey players were taller, heavier and stronger, had more lean body mass and a higher aerobic capacity compared to the women in absolute values as well as in relation to body weight. However, the differences diminished or disappeared when the values were expressed in relation to lean body mass. Men had higher expectations on their situation as athletes and the interviewed women described men’s ice hockey as superior to theirs and consequently male ice hockey players deserved better conditions.

    Conclusions The views of women and men may affect structural conditions in sport which in turn may affect possibilities in sport for the individual. Gender differences in conditions thus risk confirming the traditional views of femininity and masculinity. However, by moving outside the normal gender boundaries individuals may change the traditional views of femininity and masculinity.

  • 304.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Henriksson-Larsén, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Gendered expectations and structural conditions in ice hockeyIn: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, ISSN 0270-1367, E-ISSN 2168-3824Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using player questionnaires (72 women, 42 men) and club staff interviews, this paper provides an analysis of the effect of structural conditions on expectations of support and hindrance. In spite of large structural conditions women and men rated similar levels of support and hindrance. Yet, both women and men believed that the situation in sport was better for men. The adult women’s lower expectations may be an indication of their awareness of their lower status within their sport. When comparisons are made between women and men in sport it is important to consider that gender operates at different levels and may affect conditions as well as expectations

  • 305.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Henriksson-Larsén, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Gender in ice hockey: women in a male territory2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 235-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how female ice hockey players describe and explain their situation within as well as outside their sport. Information was obtained by semi-structured interviews with female ice hockey players. The results were analyzed in a gender perspective where the main starting point was the concepts of different levels of power relations in society developed by Harding and applied to sports by Kolnes (the symbolic, structural and individual level). The study shows that the players appeared to share the traditional views of men and women. They also described gender differences in terms of financial and structural conditions as well as differences in ice hockey history. Even though the players described structural inequalities, they were quite content with their situation and the differences in conditions were not considered when they explained the gender differences in ice hockey performance. On the individual level the players considered themselves different from other women and appeared to share the traditional views of femininity and masculinity.

    It has been suggested that performance of a sport traditionally associated with the other sex might alter the traditional view of men and women, however our results give little support to that suggestion.

  • 306.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa M.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Thorsen, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Henriksson-Larsén, Karin B.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Physiological Correlates of Skating Performance in Women's and Men's Ice Hockey2011In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 25, no 8, p. 2133-2142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current investigation was to identify relationships between physiological off-ice tests and on-ice performance in female and male ice hockey players on a comparable competitive level. Eleven women, 24 ± 3.0 years, and 10 male ice hockey players, 23 ± 2.4 years, were tested for background variables: height, body weight (BW), ice hockey history, and lean body mass (LBM) and peak torque (PT) of the thigh muscles, [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak and aerobic performance (Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation [OBLA], respiratory exchange ratio [RER1]) during an incremental bicycle ergometer test. Four different on-ice tests were used to measure ice skating performance. For women, skating time was positively correlated (p < 0.05) to BW and negatively correlated to LBM%, PT/BW, OBLA, RER 1, and [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak (ml O2·kg-1 BW-1·min-1) in the Speed test. Acceleration test was positively correlated to BW and negatively correlated to OBLA and RER 1. For men, correlation analysis revealed only 1 significant correlation where skating time was positively correlated to [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak (L O2·min-1) in the Acceleration test. The male group had significantly higher physiological test values in all variables (absolute and relative to BW) but not in relation to LBM. Selected off-ice tests predict skating performance for women but not for men. The group of women was significantly smaller and had a lower physiological performance than the group of men and were slower in the on-ice performance tests. However, gender differences in off-ice variables were reduced or disappeared when values were related to LBM, indicating a similar capacity of producing strength and aerobic power in female and male hockey players. Skating performance in female hockey players may be improved by increasing thigh muscle strength, oxygen uptake, and relative muscle mass.

  • 307.
    Gillving, Caroline
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Negotiating the boundaries of (in)dependent gendered aging2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish welfare society tend to idealize independent and active citizens, in turn pressuring people to care for themselves even when help is needed, a troublesome effect of neo-liberal tendencies that needs to be acknowledged. The purpose with this thesis is therefor to scrutinize the intersection of age and gender through the subjective experience of aging, as an alternative to homogenous representations of “elderly” as a gender-neutral group, concealing the unequal and gendered dimensions of aging. This is a micro-level study focusing on four women in the age of 78-90, as an attempt to explore how delimitations of aging are negotiated and (in)dependency upheld through informal strategies. The analyse illustrates that aging is gendered, further suggesting that it is crucial to not neglect and overlook the important supportive care that women in upper ages provide for themselves and others, in an everyday context.

  • 308.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Easy to Oppose, Difficult to Propose: Young Activist Men's Framing of Alternative Masculinities under the Hegemony of Machismo in Ecuador2014In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 399-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Debates are ongoing on whether man can engage in gender change and challenge hegemonic masculinities. The study aimed to analyze in what ways young Ecuadorian mencurrently or recently involved in activism to advance gender equality and reproductive rightsdefined different masculinities, hegemonic and alternative. We used Grounded Theory to collect and analyze three focus group discussions and 15 individual interviews with 30 young activist men in Ecuador. A core category captured the process of defining masculinities: Moving from passive acceptance of machismo to critical reflection and action' that in turn linked to three theoretical categories: Opposing machismo', From machos to men', and Inspiring opposition to machismo'. We drew upon framing theory in social movement studies to interpret the findings and thereby enhance the theory of hegemonic masculinity. Young activist men successfully framed the problem and motives for collective mobilization, but they wavered when it came to framing solutions.

  • 309.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Salazar Torres, Mariano
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Morras, Ione
    Medicus Mundi Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian, Spain.
    Edin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Condemning violence without rejecting sexism?: Exploring how young men understand intimate partner violence in Ecuador2012In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 5, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study aims to explore young men's understanding of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Ecuador, examining similarities and differences between how ordinary and activist young men conceptualize IPV against women. Methods: We conducted individual interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) with 35 young men - five FGDs and five interviews with ordinary young men, and 11 interviews with activists - and analysed the data generated using qualitative content analysis. Results: Among the ordinary young men the theme 'too much gender equality leads to IPV' emerged, while among the activists the theme 'gender inequality is the root of IPV'. Although both groups in our study rejected IPV, their positions differed, and we claim that this is relevant. While activists considered IPV as rooted in gender inequality, ordinary young men understood it as a response to the conflicts generated by increasing gender equality and women's attempts to gain autonomy.

  • 310.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Vives-Cases, Carmen
    Intersections between gender and other relevant social determinants of health inequalities2017In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 10, article id 1397909Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 311. Gonsalves, Allison J.
    et al.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Pettersson, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Masculinities and experimental practices in physics: the view from three case studies2016In: Physical Review Special Topics : Physics Education Research, ISSN 1554-9178, E-ISSN 1554-9178, Vol. 12, no 2, article id UNSP 020120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Gender in Physics.] This article analyzes masculinity and experimental practices within three different physics communities. This work is premised on the understanding that the discipline of physics is not only dominated by men, but also is laden with masculine connotations on a symbolical level, and that this limited and limiting construction of physics has made it difficult for many women to find a place in the discipline. Consequently, we argue that in order to further the understanding of gender dynamics within physics communities and enrich the current understandings about the lack of women in physics, perspectives from masculinity studies are crucial. The article draws on three different ethnographic case studies dealing with undergraduate students, graduate students, and research scientists.

  • 312.
    González Ramos, Ana M.
    et al.
    Open University of Catalonia, Spain.
    Räthzel, Nora
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    ‘You must aim high’ - ‘No, I never felt like a woman’: Women and Men Making Sense of Non-standard Trajectories into Higher Education2018In: International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, ISSN 2040-0748, E-ISSN 2040-0748, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 130-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is no secret that the 'glass ceiling' preventing women advancing to leadership positions exists in academia as well. Spain is no exception. Gender relations are usually investigated independently of other power relations like class and ethnicity. In our sample (80 men and women in different academic institutions across Spain) we found that not only women but also men from working class backgrounds have difficulties making successful academic careers. Therefore, we use an intersectional approach to investigate the relationship between gender and class. Comparing two life-histories, we explore what strategies individuals employ to overcome the barriers with which they are confronted. We present the stories of a woman with a middle class but non-academic background and of a man with a working-class background. Their strategies can be understood as the result of specific individual trajectories under specific societal conditions, but they also illustrate the barriers and possibilities men and women with non-standard backgrounds encounter in academia. Analysing successful strategies as well as their limitations, we aim to provide perspectives that might contribute to changing the culture of hegemonic masculinities in academia.

  • 313. Gottert, Ann
    et al.
    Barrington, Clare
    McNaughton-Reyes, Heath Luz
    Maman, Suzanne
    MacPhail, Catherine
    Lippman, Sheri A.
    Kahn, Kathleen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (WRHI), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Twine, Rhian
    Pettifor, Audrey
    Gender Norms, Gender Role Conflict/Stress and HIV Risk Behaviors Among Men in Mpumalanga, South Africa2018In: Aids and Behavior, ISSN 1090-7165, E-ISSN 1573-3254, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 1858-1869Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Men's gender role conflict and stress (GRC/S), the psychological strain they experience around fulfilling expectations of themselves as men, has been largely unexplored in HIV prevention research. We examined associations between both men's gender norms and GRC/S and three HIV risk behaviors using data from a population-based survey of 579 18-35 year-old men in rural northeast South Africa. Prevalence of sexual partner concurrency and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in the last 12 months were 38.0 and 13.4%, respectively; 19.9% abused alcohol. More inequitable gender norms and higher GRC/S were each significantly associated with an increased odds of concurrency (p = 0.01; p < 0.01, respectively), IPV perpetration (p = 0.03; p < 0.01), and alcohol abuse (p = 0.02; p < 0.001), controlling for demographic characteristics. Ancillary analyses demonstrated significant positive associations between: concurrency and the GRC/S sub-dimension subordination to women; IPV perpetration and restrictive emotionality; and alcohol abuse and success, power, competition. Programs to transform gender norms should be coupled with effective strategies to prevent and reduce men's GRC/S.

  • 314. Gottert, Ann
    et al.
    Barrington, Clare
    Pettifor, Audrey
    McNaughton-Reyes, Heath Luz
    Maman, Suzanne
    MacPhail, Catherine
    Kahn, Kathleen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Selin, Amanda
    Twine, Rhian
    Lippman, Sheri A.
    Measuring Men's Gender Norms and Gender Role Conflict/Stress in a High HIV-Prevalence South African Setting2016In: Aids and Behavior, ISSN 1090-7165, E-ISSN 1573-3254, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 1785-1795Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender norms and gender role conflict/stress may influence HIV risk behaviors among men; however scales measuring these constructs need further development and evaluation in African settings. We conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses to evaluate the Gender Equitable Men's Scale (GEMS) and the Gender Role Conflict/Stress (GRC/S) scale among 581 men in rural northeast South Africa. The final 17-item GEMS was unidimensional, with adequate model fit and reliability (alpha = 0.79). Factor loadings were low (0.2-0.3) for items related to violence and sexual relationships. The final 24-item GRC/S scale was multidimensional with four factors: Success, power, competition; Subordination to women; Restrictive emotionality; and Sexual prowess. The scale had adequate model fit and good reliability (alpha = 0.83). While GEMS is a good measure of inequitable gender norms, new or revised scale items may need to be explored in the South African context. Adding the GRC/S scale to capture men's strain related to gender roles could provide important insights into men's risk behaviors.

  • 315.
    Granhall Lahiki, Malena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Boy or Girl? – No, it´s a Child!: Parents´ Motives to Sex Determine their Unborn Children2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this magister thesis is to examine the motives behind parents´ choice to sex determine their children, or not, at routine ultrasound examination (RUL). The analysed empirical data consists of 261 responding questionnaires written by expecting parents. My conclusions are that the motives behind parents’ choice can reflect their view of sex as binary or analog. Many parents sex determine their unborn children in order for preparing their rooms, clothes and toys to correlate with the heterosexual matrix. Girls get pink and boys blue, but the colours are of course only the visible part of how children are sexed as social construction. Some parents are experiencing a peer pressure and quite a few parents are influenced by the midwife performing the RUL to chose to sex determine their child. The most common motive to abstain from sex determining the child at RUL is after all to make gender the big happening at birth. Parents prepare to raise – not a child – but a boy or girl.

  • 316.
    Granlund, Jeanette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    ” Spiteful as a woman, but not so nervous”: En kvalitativ studie om representationen av kvinnlighet i utvalda dikter av Sylvia Plath2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie analyseras sju dikter ur Sylvia Plaths diktsamling ”Ariel”. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka representationen av kvinnlighet och manlighet i utvalda dikter från Sylvia Plaths diktsamling ”Ariel”. Metoden som har använts är diskursanalys som använder begreppen av Laclau och Mouffe. Dessa begrepp användes även som teori, samt att teorier av Judith Butler och Lena Gemzöe har använts. Studien visade på att kvinnligheten i Plaths dikter är väldigt ambivalent, detta gällde även för de manliga subjekten som figurerar i texten men kunde dock ses som mer normativa.

  • 317.
    Granström, Robert
    et al.
    Test Site Sweden.
    Hillman, Karl
    Akademin för teknik och miljö, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Zampoukos, Kristina
    Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi, Mittuniversitetet.
    Användarnas beteende och syn på laddbara bilar: rapport från projektet SELF-i2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 318.
    Gravvik Hånes, Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hamburgermenyn: En undersökning av användbarhetmed fokus på kognitiv belastning och minne2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The hamburger menu has become a common detail of digital interfaces, and it’s used a lot both on mobile applications and on desktop. A hamburger menu can be useful because of the fact that it doesn’t take up much space and gives the website a clean look, but at the same time it is getting all the more critique because it is perceived as being bad for the usability. More clicks are required when navigation on a website with a hamburger menu, and that is said to result in a cognitive overload and make the navigation slower. In this study, a comparison is made between a website with a hamburger menu and a website with a fixed menu bar, focusing on how much time it takes to navigate on the sites when looking for specific information.The study also investigates if there’s any difference in how much one remembers of the content of the menus in the two different websites, through incidental encoding during the navigation tasks. 30 participants where tested, 11 women and 19 women, which of five were Norwegian and 25 were Swedish. The participants completed two navigation tasks on a fictive website, and then they got to conducta recognition test on paper to see what they remembered from the menu section. Half of the participants navigated on a website with a hamburger menu, and the other half on a website with a fixed menu bar with a drop-down function. Other than that, the websites were identical. The results showed that the mean task time was higher for the group with the hamburger menu when looking at the navigation tasks. The memory recognition test showed that there was no difference between the groups regarding how much they remembered of the content.

  • 319.
    Gredmo, Emil
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Stenman, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Kokboken: En resa från 1755-19512018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How cookbooks' design and content have changed is an area that has not been investigated to a greater extent. Cookbooks are part of cultures culinary history, which allows you to understand who the food was cooked for and which food was cooked. The essay is about how cookbooks changed from 1755-1951 in terms of design, structure and content. Five cookbooks with about 50 years intervals have been studied to see similarities and differences. The method is based on a content analysis of five books where the foreword and recipes have been compiled, analyzed and compared to each other to see how they have changed during this time period. The result shows that there are differences in the books but also some similarities. In particular, we can see that technical developments have influenced the contents of the books due to the raw materials and cooking methods that were used. By contrast, the target group has not changed during this period.

  • 320.
    Gregersdotter, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Ful och farlig: ofeminina och ottraktativa mördare i samtida romaner om brott och straff2011In: Att känna sig fram: Känslor i humanistisk genusforskning / [ed] Annelie Bränström-Öhman, Maria Jönsson, Ingeborg Svensson, Umeå: h:ström - Text och Kultur , 2011, 1, p. 86-101Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 321.
    Grensjö, Nina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Biblioteken som mötesplats: Beskrivningen av ett integrationsprojekt i inledningsfasen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    1, Sammanfattning

    Den här uppsatsen handlar om hur kommun- och skolbibliotek kan arbeta med integration och läsfrämjande arbete. Projektet

    Biblioteket mitt i Världen har nyligen beviljats medel från Västerbottens Läns Landsting och Kulturrådet. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med några personer som kan komma att påverkas av projektet och observationer försöker jag ge en bild av inledningsfasen av ett projekt som rör integration och läsfrämjande arbete. Observationerna rör föredraget Böcker, boxning och värderingar

    som inleder projektet. Eftersom projektet ligger alldeles i startgroparna är uppsatsen ett försök att sondera terrängen och undersöka projektets möjligheter. I uppsatsen undersöker jag hur några utvalda bibliotek jobbar med dessa frågor. De bibliotek som undersöks är Stadsbiblioteket och Filialbiblioteket på Ersboda i Umeå samt Skolbiblioteket på Rödbroskolan i Storuman. Här följer de frågor jag ställer mig i uppsatsen och svar på dessa frågor.

     

    1, Hur kan biblioteket fungera som en mötesplats för integration?

    Uppsatsens viktigaste resultat är att kommunbiblioteket i och med att det är en skattefinansierad verksamhet bör vara en mötesplats för alla. Detta är något som också stöds av bibliotekslagen. För ett par år sedan bildades en mångkulturgrupp med representanter från Umeås bibliotek som jobbar speciellt med dessa frågor som enligt de personer jag har intervjuat som representerar biblioteken har inneburit en stor förbättring. I bibliotekets verksamhet är programverksamheten en viktig del. Genom att ha programpunkter som kan vara intressanta för personer med annan etnisk bakgrund och samarbeten med invandrarföreningar kan ett möte uppstå. Genom mitt resultat framkommer dock att förväntningen på att invandrare ska vilja komma på programpunkter kan vara felaktig. Det finns en synpunkt på att de som arbetar på biblioteket borde utgå ifrån en diskussion med människor med annan etnisk härkomst när de anordnar programpunkter.

    2, Hur kan biblioteket jobba läsfrämjande (gällande integration)?

    När det gäller det läsfrämjande arbetet är en av bibliotekets viktigaste uppgifter att bistå personer med annan etnisk härkomst än svensk böcker på lättläst svenska. En annan sak som bibliotekspersonal kan hjälpa besökare med är att hjälpa dem med att hitta på internet samt att hitta litteratur till deras utbildning. Biblioteket har tagit emot ungdomar och gett dem boktips. En viktig aspekt i mitt resultat är att barnens språkkunskaper kan vara tillgångar på

    biblioteket. Det är också viktigt att mångfald speglas i litteraturen. På Ersbodabiblioteket märker de böcker med ett litet M om barn från olika länder finns representerade i böckerna. Det finns också en liten mångkulturavdelning bland barnböckerna.

    3, Hur kan de erfarenheter som finns bland besökarna tillvaratas på ett gediget sätt?

    Bara genom att det finns besökare på biblioteken med annan etnisk härkomst än svensk på biblioteken öppnar upp för ett möte. Om det fanns fler anställda på biblioteken med annan etnisk härkomst en svensk skulle erfarenheter hos dessa kunna tillvaratas på ett gediget sätt. Idag är många delar av kulturlivet mycket homogent. Det är ett problem som avspeglar sig i bibliotekets verksamhet. För bibliotekets besökare skulle kunskap om olika kulturella uttryck öka med anställda med annan etnisk härkomst.

  • 322.
    Grensjö, Nina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Några användares synpunkter på digitala talböcker2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen har jag undersökt några talboksanvändares krav, erfarenheter och förväntningar på talböcker. Jag har även sett över hur inläsningarna av talböcker förändrats över tid. Jag har i undersökningen intervjuat en grupp på fyra dyslektiker och två personer som arbetar med digitala talböcker. De frågor som jag har sökt svar på i denna utvärdering är.

    Hur fungerar inläsningarna för användarna?

    Hur har inläsningarna förändrats över tid?

    Bör inläsningarna ske med eller utan dramatisering?

    Vad finns det för alternativ till inläsningar (för olika genrer?)

    Jag har även undersökt hur talböcker respektive kommersiella ljudböcker lånas ut idag och hur talböcker lånades ut för ett par år sedan.

    De viktigaste resultaten är att Tal- och Punktskriftsbibliotekets egenproducerade syntetiska röst Folke borde förbättras och att det borde gå snabbare för studenter att få sin litteratur inläst. Dessutom finns det önskemål att talböckerna ska ta efter ljudböckerna som har mer dramatisering och inlevelse i inläsningarna än talböckerna. När det gäller faktaböcker anser de intervjuade användarna ofta att de är tråkiga att lyssna på. De finns dock även andra önskemål på faktaböcker i talboksform, som t ex att de borde vara med en bild, tabell eller punktlista så att man kan titta på dem medan man lyssnar.

  • 323.
    Griffin, Gabriele
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Bränström-Öhman, Annelie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Introduction2013In: The emotional politics of research collaboration / [ed] Griffin, Gabriele, Bränström-Öhman, Annelie, Kalman, Hildur, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 324.
    Griffin, Gabriele
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Bränström-Öhman, AnnelieUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).Kalman, HildurUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    The Emotional Politics of Research Collaboration2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Grimlund Rotstein, Loka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    LIKHET ELLER SKILLNAD?: Om hur ambassadörer för UNICEF i Sverige representeras i relation till barn/”de Andra” utifrån könade och rasifierade diskurser om bistånd2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 326.
    Grönberg, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Lundh Nilsson, Fay
    Sandström, Glenn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Desirable skills?: Non-Nordic citizens applying for work permits in Sweden, 1947–19502015In: Labor history, ISSN 0023-656X, E-ISSN 1469-9702, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 481-498Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's rapid economic growth after the Second World War meant that the native labour supply was incapable of meeting the high demand, especially for industrial labourers. Three agreements on organised collective transfers were signed, but a large majority of the labour migrants came on their own initiative. Not all applicants were equally welcomed. In this article, logistic regressions are used to investigate a sample of 2830 (every fifth) applications to the National Labour Market Board (AMS) from the years 1947–1950; 1367 had an arrangement with a future Swedish employer, while 1463 applicants lacked such an arrangement. The likelihood of being granted a permit was 11 times higher for the first category. Our hypothesis that the chances were better for high-skilled workers proved true only in part; it was valid if they had an employer agreement. Contrary to our assumptions, women had a better chance than men, partly because domestic servants were always permitted and partly because women did not compete with male labour. However, our assumptions with regard to better chances for the young but experienced, and for those applying for the occupation wherein they had their experience held true. A number of official documents revealed the desirability of Sudeten German labourers. They were viewed as skilled, reliable and loyal by employers, labour unions and governmental authorities. This assumption only held true for applicants lacking an employer. This can be viewed as a prolongation of the practice of helping Sudeten German Social Democrats, established in 1938. The intention to help refugees was, however, also evident in the treatment of Baltic and Polish applicants.

  • 327.
    Grönlund, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Öun, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The gender-job satisfaction paradox and the dual-earner society: are women (still) making work-family trade-offs?2018In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 535-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite their disadvantaged labour market position, women consistently report higher levels of job satisfaction than men. Researchers have attributed women's higher job satisfaction to their lower expectations, arguing that gender differences will fade away as women's labour market prospects improve. Others, however, argue that women are more contented than men because their jobs satisfy a need for family adaptions.

    Objective: In this article, we put the hypotheses of transitions and trade-offs to a strong test, by comparing men and women with comparable human capital investments living in a country where women's employment is strongly supported by policies, practices and social norms.

    Methods: The relationship between gender and job satisfaction is analysed with stepwise OLS regressions. The analysis is based on a survey to newly graduated highly educated men and women in five occupations in Sweden (n≈2 450).

    Results: First, we show that, after controlling for a range of job characteristics, women report a higher level of job satisfaction than men. Second, although the paradox appears to be surprisingly persistent, it cannot be attributed to work-family trade-offs.

    Conclusions: Future research should consider job satisfaction more broadly in the light of gender role socialization and persistent gender inequalities.

  • 328.
    Gunnarsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Bostadsbebyggelse i Umeå tätort: Flerbostäders bebyggelse i relation till översiktsplaner mellan åren 1998-2014 i Umeå tätort2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban planning in Sweden goes back to a prolonged tradition, and even since the beginning of the 16th century there´s been general plans for urban planning for cities in Sweden.

    Nowadays every municipality has a directive from the government to establish or re-new the general master plan covering the whole municipality every 4th year.

    The aim of this paper is to illustrate and shed light on the extent for the planning document and guidelines, and how they change from every active period and in what extent the provisional planning reaches its visions regarding the outcome of the actual city growth. This study was completed by studying the position of every apartment building that’s been constructed for the chosen area over the years of 2000 - 2014 and draw comparisons between the current master plan main visions regarding constructions – and comparing the two separate visions to pin out the differences in the same subject.

    The result shows that there are some deviations from the plans but not as much as one would have thought in the city growth, and some deviations from the different planning documents. Some of the deviations was greater than others but overall the visions was about the same.

  • 329.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Culture and Media.
    Systerskapets logiker: en etnologisk studie av feministiska fanzines2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis coheres around the issue of collective political mobilisation within one part of the contemporary feminist movement, or more specifically, within the Swedish feminist zine community. A feminist zine, also commonly referred to as Grrrlzine or femizine, is a small non-commercial and non-professional publication, which is distributed by channels other than that of the mainstream media.

    The aim of the thesis is to examine what role the 'name' ' sisterhood' has in the constitution of a feminist zine community. Further, it is to explore the ways in which this 'name' is expressed and the precise function this name has within the community itself. That 'sisterhood' is necessary for a feminist politics is, according to the vast majority of the zines studied, obvious. Nevertheless the issue of what sisterhood 'is' or what it ’ought to be’ is constantly under negotiation. In this thesis I study how the name sisterhood works to create a collective feminist identity – even if this very 'name' comes to be articulated in, sometimes radically, different forms.

    In order to conduct my analysis, I have taken several theoretical decisions. First, I have chosen to frame the zine community in accordance with the term communitas, defined as a collective identity constituted in terms of its opposites, by that which it is not. In this specific case, this Other consists of the commercial media, that is also, conceived as an effect of a wider patriarchal threat.

    Second, to understand the differences which exist within this community, I have chosen to develop three feminist logics, to capture some quite contradictory articulatory strategies. They are referred to as ’liberal feminist’, ’radical feminist’ and ’post feminist’. The concept of logics allows me to interpret how it is that three different (and sometimes competing) feminist traditions can be found in the zine community, and commonly how in a single zine, or a single text, the three logics can coalsce.

    As mentioned above, it is the 'name' sisterhood that provides the glue that holds the feminist zine community together. To understand this I have analyzed sisterhood by way of the concept 'empty signifier', that is, a 'name' which is partially emptied of meaning and which serves as a surface of inscription for a variety of feminist demands, demands that in themselves may have very little, or even nothing in common.

    Finally, the ideas outlined in the thesis call for reflexivity, that is, for an explicit meta-analysis of the conduct of one’s own research process. In this thesis I discuss the problematic arising when the feminist researcher studies a feminist movement, and the inevitable blurring of political partisanship and theoretical analysis that takes place. Here I pay particular attention to the frontiers that a political community is always-already in a process of re-negotiating, and how the researcher is herself part of this very re-negotiation.

  • 330.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Genus-och kvinnoperspektiv på skatterätten: i en internationell och tvärvetenskaplig belysning2011In: På vei: kjønn og rett i Norden / [ed] Eva-Maria Svensson, Ulrika Andersson, Hege Braekhus, Monica Burman, Anne Hellum, Stine Jørgensen, Anu Pylkkänen, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 146-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 331.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Kvist, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Public expenditure for domestic work challenges Swedish gender equality2011In: Equal is not enough: challenging differences and inequalities in contemporary societies. Conference Proceedings., Antwerpen: Policy Research Centre on Equal opportunities, University of Antwerp – Hasselt University. , 2011, p. 156-172Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In several European countries governments have used various forms of public expenditures to stimulate job growth in the domestic service sector. The reforms have mainly been incorporated into labour market policies with the specific aim of encouraging households to employ domestic workers. This raises several from a feminist perspective interesting questions about public expenditure and the relation between care work, family models and taxation in gender and welfare policies. In this article the conflicting interests of policies and legal principles concerning tax reform is shown, which could ultimately undermine general welfare and gender equality reforms. The Swedish experience is contrasted with the development of public expenditure for domestic services in other European countries. Concluding that the introduction of a tax credit for domestic services could be seen as a transformation of the Swedish dual-earner and dual-carer regime, towards a dual-earner regime where care is once again made invisible

  • 333.
    Gustafsson, Per E
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Szczepanski, Anders
    Nelson, Nina
    Gustafsson, Per A
    Effects of Outdoor Education Intervention on the Mental Health of School Children2012In: Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, ISSN 1472-9679, E-ISSN 1754-0402, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 63-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at examining the effects of an outdoor educational intervention on the mental health of schoolchildren. Two elementary schools participated (N = 230); one experimental school where the intervention was implemented, and the other a reference school. Demographic questions and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were completed by the parents. An outdoor educational intervention was implemented at the experimental school, and the data collection was repeated after one year. The results point towards a small but non-significant improvement in mental health at the experimental school while adjusting for demographics. However, this effect was significantly moderated by gender: boys generally fared better than girls at the intervention school, relative to the reference school. The results indicate that it may be important to address gender issues when educational programmes are implemented in schools.

  • 334.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Conditions for gender equality in police leadership: making way for senior police women2018In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 241-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This  paper  aims  to  analyse  and  discuss  conditions  for  gender  equality  in  police  leadership.  This  is  done  by  interviewing  28  sworn  police  leaders  in  Sweden, and using a doing gender perspective for analyses. The results show that women and, to a greater extent, men in police leadership do gender traditionally. Explanations for the lack of female leaders and strategies for increasing the number of female leaders are shown to either focus on women as individuals (mostly men) or organisational structure and culture (mostly women).  Further,  strategies  to  reach  gender  equality  goals  are  critically  examined.  These  could  be  used  to  create  concrete  diversity  and  equality  work  within  police  and  other  organisations.  Whether  or  not  quantitative  gender equality work (raising the number of females in leadership positions) can create changes in qualitative gender equality (the learning of new norms to change experiences of inclusion and exclusion in relation to gender) is discussed.

  • 335.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Genus i polisens organisation och ledarskap2018In: Polisen: verksamhet och arbete / [ed] Niklas Eklund, Lena Landström, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 2, p. 115-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 336.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Mission (im)possible?: Kvinnor om att vara akademiska ledare i forskningstunga miljöer : En rapport från IDAS-projektet2007Report (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Löfgren Martinsson, Maria
    Pedagogiska institutionen, Lunds Universitet.
    Mellan verktygslåda och kritisk reflektion: Om personalvetares anställningsbarhet2009In: Anställningsbarhet: perspektiv från utbildning och arbetsliv / [ed] Gun Berglund, Andreas Fejes, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 55-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 338.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Police leaders make poor change agents: leadership practice in the face of a major organisational reform2017In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 764-778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article examines expectations on police leaders during major organisational change pressures. Based on policy analysis and interviews with 28 police leaders, the paper seeks to answer the following question: How do police leaders' accounts of leadership practice relate to expectations from higher ranks (above), subordinates (below) and police policies concerning leadership? The results of the paper indicate that police leaders are squeezed into a position between demands from above (top  management) and demands from below (lower organisational tiers). Some of the perceived expectations and practiced leadership actions are also gendered. For example, women feel the need to prove their credibility as leaders and to act in both a caring and daring manner, something that is not evident for male police leaders. Furthermore, the material indicates a considerable mismatch between the different sets of demands expressed in interviews and expectations regarding leadership expressed in police policy discourse, wherein core values and leadership criteria are articulated. In conclusion, the findings indicate a discrepancy between official rhetoric and practice, where the leadership constructed at a policy level deviates from leadership constructed in practice. This discrepancy is argued to represent an effective barrier for change initiatives, and hence the idea that police leaders will be able to function as agents of change promoting organisational reform is highly uncertain.

  • 339.
    Haeggström, Andreas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Sund, Jennie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Prognosmodell för svenska läns bruttoregionalprodukt (BRP): En komparativ analys av bayesian model averaging, best subset selection och en longitudinell modell.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande uppsats har som främsta syfte att skapa en prognosmodell för bruttoregionalprodukten (BRP) för Sveriges 21 län. Behovet av en prognosmodell motiveras av att Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB) i dagsläget redovisar de definitiva siffrorna av BRP med två års fördröjning. Det kan därmed finnas ett intresse hos regionala beslutsfattare att få en uppfattning om hur BRP utvecklats under de två senaste åren. Metoden som används är bayesian model averaging (BMA), vilken kommer att utvärderas samt jämföras med två andra metoder: En multipel linjär modell som skattas med minsta kvadratmetoden där variabelselektion utförs med best subset selection (BSS). Den andra metoden är en tidsseriemodell och kallas här för en longitudinell modell (LM). Resultatet påvisar bland annat att modellerna lider av multikollinjäritet. Hur väl dess tre metoder predikterar BRP utvärderas med Validation set approach och presenteras med olika precisionsmått. Ett av måtten mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) resulterade i 6,67 % för BMA, 6,61 % för BSS och 4,08 % för LM.

  • 340.
    Halawani, Alaa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Li, Haibo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Anani, Adi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Building eye contact in e-learning through head-eye coordination2011In: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 95-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Video conferencing is a very effective tool to use for e-learning. Most of the available video conferencing systems suffer a main drawback represented by the lack of eye contact between participants. In this paper we present a new scheme for building eye contact in e-learning sessions. The scheme assumes a video conferencing session with “one teacher many students” arrangement. In our system, eye contact is achieved without the need for any gaze estimation technique. Instead, we “generate the gaze” by allowing the user communicate his visual attention to the system through head-eye coordination. To enable real time and precise headeye coordination, a head motion tracking technique is required. Unlike traditional head tracking systems, our procedure suggests mounting the camera on the user’s head rather than in front of it. This configuration achieves much better resolution and thus leads to better tracking results. Promising results obtained from both demo and real time experiments demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed scheme. Although this paper concentrates on elearning, the proposed concept can be easily extended to the world of interaction with social robotics, in which introducing eye contact between humans and robots would be of great advantage.

  • 341.
    Halleröd, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    In-work poverty in a transitional labour market: Sweden, 1988-20032008In: The Working Poor in Europe: Employment, Poverty and Globalization, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008, p. 155-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Hallqvist, Johan
    Umeå University.
    Digital Health and the Embodying of Professionalism: Avatars as Health Professionals in Sweden2019In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 9, no 1, article id e2847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores virtual health professionals (VHPs), digital health technology software, in Swedish health care. The aim is to analyze how health professionalismis (re)negotiated through avatar embodiments of VHPs and to explore the informants’ notions of what a health professional is, behaves and looks like. The paper builds on ethnographic fieldwork with informants working directly or indirectly with questions of digital health technology and professionalism. Discourse theory is used to analyze the material. Subjectification, authenticity, and diversity were found to be crucial for informants to articulate health professionalism when discussing human avatars, professional attire, gendered and ethnified embodiments. The informants attempted to make the VHPs credibly professional but inauthentcally human. A discursive struggle over health professionalism between patient choice and diversity within health care was identified where the patient’s choice of avatars—if based on prejudices—might threaten healthcare professionalism and healthcare professionals by (re)producing racism and sexism.

  • 343.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Få och spridda genusinslag i Umeås läkarprogram: Lärarna nyckelgrupp för att sjösätta förslagen till förbättringar2003In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 100, no 49, p. 4084-4090Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 344.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Genus, medicin och risken för biologisk determinism2004In: Kropp och genus i medicinen / [ed] Birgitta Hovelius, Eva E Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, p. 59-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Genusperspektiv i allmänmedicinskt arbete2015In: Allmänmedicin / [ed] Steinar Hunskår, Birgitta Hovelius (red. Sverige), Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 2, p. 1028-1035Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Har kvinnor verkligen bredband i hjärnan?: Om jakten på biologin i "manligt" och "kvinnligt"2004In: Kropp och genus i medicinen. / [ed] Birgitta Hovelius, Eva E Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, p. 69-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine.
    Larsson, Marie-Louise
    Still far to go: gender perspective in written cases used at a Swedish medical school2009In: Medical teacher, ISSN 0142-159X, E-ISSN 1466-187X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. e131-e138, article id PII 910828740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Given decisions to implement a gender perspective in medical education, this study investigated gender perspective in written cases used at a Swedish medical school.

    Method: All course organizers on terms 5–11 were asked to submit the case descriptions used in 2005. The 257 cases collected were subjected to content analysis focussing on sex of author and patient; whether there were any guidelines for tutors; and whether the case touched on biological sex differences, psychosocial and gender aspects.

    Results: The majority of cases were written by male teachers. The proportions of male and female patients were equal. There were instructions for tutors in 20% of the cases. Sex differences were mentioned in 7% of cases. Psychosocial data were meager. Ten cases (4%) contained gender aspects and four of them presented gender as a main issue.

    Conclusions: The lack of instructions for tutors and overall scant interest in psychosocial issues were important obstacles for gender implementation. Actually, ignoring psychosocial conditions means that a gender perspective is also neglected. The results illuminate the importance of monitoring and follow-ups for a successful implementation of gender. Our method of scrutinizing written cases might be useful also for other medical schools.

  • 348.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Naredi, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Genusperspektiv i kirurgi2010In: Kirurgi / [ed] Bengt Jeppsson, Peter Naredi, Jörgen Nordenström, Bo Risberg, Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 195-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Hamde, Kiflemariam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Constructing cultural identity for the 'Good' Life: The case of Blin Culture Community in Stockholm2009In: Sustainable Cities: Diversity, economic growth and social cohesion / [ed] Maddy Janssens, Dino Pinelli, Dafne C. Reymen, Sandra Wallman, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009, p. 77-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Hammarström, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Annandale, Ellen
    A Conceptual Muddle: An Empirical Analysis of the Use of 'Sex' and 'Gender' in 'Gender-Specific Medicine' Journals2012In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 4, p. e34193-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: At the same time as there is increasing awareness in medicine of the risks of exaggerating differences between men and women, there is a growing professional movement of 'gender-specific medicine' which is directed towards analysing 'sex' and 'gender' differences. The aim of this article is to empirically explore how the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender' are used in the new field of 'gender-specific medicine', as reflected in two medical journals which are foundational to this relatively new field. Method and Principal Findings: The data consist of all articles from the first issue of each journal in 2004 and an issue published three years later (n = 43). In addition, all editorials over this period were included (n = 61). Quantitative and qualitative content analyses were undertaken by the authors. Less than half of the 104 papers used the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender'. Less than 1 in 10 papers attempted any definition of the concepts. Overall, the given definitions were simple, unspecific and created dualisms between men and women. Almost all papers which used the two concepts did so interchangeably, with any possible interplay between 'sex' and gender' referred to only in six of the papers. Conclusion: The use of the concepts of 'sex' and gender' in 'gender-specific medicine' is conceptually muddled. The simple, dualistic and individualised use of these concepts increases the risk of essentialism and reductivist thinking. It therefore highlights the need to clarify the use of the terms 'sex' and 'gender' in medical research and to develop more effective ways of conceptualising the interplay between 'sex' and 'gender' in relation to different diseases.

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