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  • 301.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den tvärvetenskapliga miljöforskningens ideal, fallgropar och realiteter: biodrivmedel i humanistisk belysning2008In: Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria / [ed] Bosse Sundin & Maria Göransdotter, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2008, p. 147-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lång, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vildmarkens väktare: natursyn och civilisationskritik i Stig Wessléns författarskap2010In: Kamerajägaren: Stig Wessléns skildringar av naturen och det samiska / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2010, 1, p. 45-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Förord2010In: Kamerajägaren: Stig Wessléns skildringar av naturen och det samiska / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2010, 1, p. 7-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Nordlund, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Tore Frängsmyr: 1938–20172018In: Thule: Kungl. Skytteanska samfundets Årsbok 2018 / [ed] Roger Jacobsson, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2018, p. 161-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Norlin, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Etiska överväganden i ett forskningsprojekt riktat mot en ungdomsförening2007In: Forska rätt : texter om etik och historisk forskning / [ed] Åsa Bergenheim, Umeå: Historiska studier , 2007, p. 80-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Norlin, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Nordic Secondary School Youth Movement: Pupil Exchange in the Era of Educational Modernization, 1870–19142014In: Beyond the Classroom : Studies on Pupils and Informal Schooling Processes in Modern Europe / [ed] Anna Larsson/Björn Norlin, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2014, p. 83-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 307.
    Norrbygård, Rasmus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Inbördeskriget i Finland 1918:: Hur har orsakerna bakom händelseförloppet presenterats i läroböcker?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 308.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den ambivalenta Emma Goldman2019In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 45-46Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den samtidskommenterande historikern2019In: Det lyckliga femtiotalet: Sexualitet, politik och motstånd / [ed] Anders Burman & Bosse Holmqvist, Höör: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2019, p. 219-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Innan forskningen blev radikal: en historiografisk studie av arbetarhistoria och kvinnohistoria2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation studies the emergence of Labour History and Women’s History as academic fields of research in Sweden after World War II. The aim is to study the ways in which Labour History and Women’s History were presented in early writings: in research publications, book reviews, and scholarly debates. Labour History and Women’s History emerged within, and engaged scholars from, a wide range of academic disciplines such as Economic History, History, and History of Literature. A key issue is to discuss whether or not these early writings challenged norms of knowledge production. How did Labour History and Women’s History approach epistemological and methodological standards?

    The point of departure is various historiographical accounts of the emergence of Labour History and Women’s History. By making a close connection between research and the social and political movements of the time, previous historiographical accounts have placed the emergence of Labour History and Women’s History in the 1970s. Although there is no doubt that this particular kind of research became popular in the 1970s, the construction of the 1970s as a starting point is problematic. Both in Sweden and internationally, labour history and women’s history have been produced since the turn of the twentieth century.

    Following the work of scholars such as Clare Hemmings, Sara Ahmed, and Edward W. Said, this thesis contrasts analysis of early writings with historiographical accounts of Labour History and Women’s History. The dissertation shows that subjects that have been associated with the academic context of the 1970s existed in discussions predating this decade. For example, discussions of power structures relating to class and gender and the critique of traditional epistemological and methodological standards both share similarities with discussions said to have been initiated in the 1970s. Consequently, the thesis highlights the importance of not solely focusing on progress and change in studies of past research, but also examining similarities and continuities. By focusing on similarities and continuities, it is argued that recurrent processes and dynamics relating to research can be disclosed.

  • 311.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lilla Hjärtat, Muhammedkarikatyrer och en skäggig norrman2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 136-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Om populärhistoriska tidskrifter2019In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 120-137Article in journal (Other academic)
    The full text will be freely available from 2020-09-01 15:34
  • 313.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Plädering för vikten av bildning på högskola: Recension av Medborgerlig bildning – Om varför man studerar på högskola av Henrik Bohlin2018In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 6, p. 70-71Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Henrik Bohlins plädering för vikten av bildning riktar sig till studenter, eftersom de ofta förefaller präglade av ett nyliberalt nyttotänkande. För att utveckla samhällsengagerade medborgare krävs fler bildande inslag i utbildningen, menar Bohlin. De studenter som läser honom kommer att finna att han lever som han lär: han skriver engagerat, analytiskt och kritiskt.

  • 314.
    Nyström, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Social Studies Subjects and Interdisciplinarity2019In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 3, p. 24-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the ways in which the term tvärvetenskaplig is conceptualized within the social studies subjects (geography, religious education, civics, and history) in Swedish upper secondary school. The term tvärvetenskaplig is generally translated as interdisciplinary. Through a comparative analysis of syllabi (ämnesplaner), subject didactic textbooks, and schoolbooks, existing descriptions of the term are identified. These descriptions are in turn analyzed using theoretical perspectives on interdisciplinarity. The article agrees with the viewpoint that interdisciplinarity is a form of progressive discourse. Moreover, the analysis employs Heinz Heckhausen’s typology of interdisciplinarity, which differentiates between indiscriminate, pseudo, auxiliary, composite, supplementary, and unifying interdisciplinarity. It is concluded that different subjects ascribe different understandings of interdisciplinarity to the concept of tvärvetenskaplighet.

  • 315.
    Nyström, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Overud, JohannaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gender, history, futures: report from the XI Nordic Women's and gender history conference, Stockholm, Sweden, August 19–21 20152018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The second volume of the Report series of the Swedish Association for Women's and Gender Historians is a result of the XI Nordic Woman’s and Gender History Conference, held in Stockholm, Sweden, in 2015. Contributions in English and Scandinavian languages cover a wide range of research fields, including decolonial feminism, antiquity and gender, cultural history, and feminist biography.

  • 316. Nyström, Eva
    The Development of Cause-of-Death Classification in Eighteenth Century Sweden. A Survey of Problems, Sources and Possibilities1988In: Society, Health and Population during the Demographic Transition / [ed] Anders Brändström and Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell International , 1988, p. 109-129Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Obminska, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Idéer om kvinnor och rösträtten i Upsala Nya Tidning 1890—19212019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to take a closer look at the ideas presented about women relating tothe debate about women's suffrage in Sweden before women got the vote, and to look at theunderlying views behind these ideas. The object of the study was the local newspaper UpsalaNya Tidning during the years 1890–1921, 1890 being the year the paper was founded and1921 the year that Swedish women were first eligible to vote according to the same criteria asSwedish men.The main discovery is that throughout this time period the idea is maintained that women as agroup are different from men; they are motherly, caring and more focused on social issues.This could be seen either as a disadvantage or as an advantage when considering thepossibility of giving them the right to vote, a disadvantage for example because of their lackof experience in the political sphere and the risk of women leaving their duties at home and anadvantage because there is an idea that women would be able to contribute to a better, morecaring and peaceful society as a whole.

  • 318.
    Persson, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå School of Architecture.
    Arctic Squatters: Capital of Culture, Urban Transformation, and Resistance from “The Right to The City” to “The Creation of the Urban Commons2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the autumn of 2014 a vacant railroad round house (Lokstallarna) was squatted in the Centre of Umeå – a town located in northern Sweden. In 2008 Umeå had been designated as the European Capital of Culture (ECoC) 2014, together with Latvian capital Riga. Though issues bearing a history of tensions, Umeå had focused its application on the presence of a strong do-it-yourself grassroots culture along with the presence of the indigenous Sámi population in the surrounding regions. During the decade following the designation as ECoC, Umeå went trough a process of rapid urban transformation. Like the previous large urban transformation in the 1970’s and 1980’s, the process continuously sparked resistance from a multitude of citizen initiatives, which might be depicted as a movement around Henri Lefebvre’s slogan of “The Right to the City”. These movements did however not only negate, protest, the various changes in the cityscape, but rather, acted pro-actively in experiments to create space for their own needs, desires and dreams around the notion of commoning. The squatting of the vacant railroad house in the fall of 2014 may be seen as the peak point of an almost decade long cycle of struggles with different cultural associations as the movements main, but not sole, subject(s). Existing for almost two years, the squat was the longest run official occupation of an empty building in Sweden since the shift of the 1980’s and 1990’s. The aim of this paper is to contextualize the Lokstallarna squat in relation to (1) the general local and regional conditions, (2) in a narrative of local actions alike, and to thereafter situate it in the contemporary cycle of struggles of 2008-2015.

  • 319.
    Persson, Jan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Frälsnings- eller skapelseorienterad dopteologi.: En analys av teologin i dopgudstjänsten i den svenska kyrkohandboken18.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 320.
    Persson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    En informationsteknisk atombomb: Lars Kristiansson och mikrodatorn, 1970–19832018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the 1970s saw widespread public concerns about data privacy. The use of computers in the 1970 census sparked debate, and in 1973 Sweden's data privacy law, datalagen, came into force. In 1980, a parliamentary delegation was tasked with investigating further options for political action. In the years around 1980, computers, and how they should be used, was a topic of hot political and public debate.

    One particularly influential voice in this debate was professor Lars Kristiansson. He shared his visions of the future in debate articles, radio and television interviews, and books. Moreover, he co-hosted two educational series in Swedish public service television. Kristiansson took it on himself to educate Swedish citizens on the perils of a future, Big Brother-like society.

    Kristiansson frequently expressed his concerns in drastic terms. He repeatedly associated computers in general, and microcomputers in particular, with the atomic bomb. In this thesis, I set out to interpret Kristiansson's visions of the future computer society, including his atomic bomb metaphor. His work is placed in a context of contemporary ideas, such as those of the Cold War and the 1960s popular left-wing movements, as well as his own academic and professional background. The atomic bomb metaphor was, in this interpretation, shaped both by Kristiansson's personal experience and by widespread popular ideas of an imminent "intelligence explosion".

    Much of Kristiansson's criticism, directed against the computerized society of the future, concerned what he viewed as a conflation of theory and reality. The criticism was originally directed against a naïve positivism, as Kristiansson warned his engineering students against confusing mathematical models with physical reality. This criticism of positivism evolved into a warning against a society shaped by governmental computer models, but the examples, including some illustrations, were largely retained from his teaching materials.

  • 321.
    Pettersson, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, History and Theory of Art.
    En föreningspunkt för landets yngre konstidkare: Konstnärsgillets verksamhet 1846-18541999In: Konst, bildning och föreningsliv i 1800 talets norden / [ed] Lennart Pettersson, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1999, p. 69-92Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 322.
    Pettersson, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, History and Theory of Art.
    Konst, bildning och föreningsliv i 1800-talets norden1999Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 323.
    Pettersson, Måns
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Structure of Socialist Equality of Opportunity: G.A. Cohen's Socialism: A Defense2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 324.
    Pettersson, Richard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Culture and Media.
    Den statliga minnesvårdens framväxt i Sverige under 1900-talet2005In: Kulturarvens dynamik: Det institutionaliserade kulturarvets förändringar / [ed] Peter Aronsson & Magdalena Hillström, Norrköping: Tema Kultur och samhälle, Linköpings universitet , 2005, p. 311-321Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Pettersson, Richard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Culture and Media.
    Plats, ting och tid: om autencitetsuppfattningen utifrån exemplet Rom2006In: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, p. 202-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 326.
    Pihl, Per-Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Historiebruk i Norrbottniska dagstidningar: Exemplet med rallarna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the question how the Norrbottnic railway navvy has been used inNorrbottnic newspapers in order to deal with contemporary issues of a political and economicnature. The time period covered is 1951-2004 and 36 newspaper articles have been used. Thepaper shows that there is no obvious connection between the newspapers political affiliationand the components from the navvies lives one otherwise would expect the newspaper topresent. Ideological use of history is not always present. There are other uses of history to, inthe articles. On the other hand the results of this investigation shows all newspapers wants topreserve the navvies accomplishments for later generations. There is no clear connectionbetween a decision to preserve and important events in the surrounding contemporary society.A commitment to preserve is taken independently of important contemporary events.

  • 327.
    Pihl, Per-Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Människovärde i det moderna samhället: Synen på alkohol, effektivitet och familj hos Blå och Vita bandet i Norrbotten2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay concerns the temperance movements Blue Ribbon and White Ribbon inNorrbotten, Sweden. Their ideas about alcohol, industrialisation, family, humanity andproductivity. The period examined is 1905-1985, which nearly covers the whole of themovements history. Swedish and international research on the subject reveals temperancemovements had a negative view on the industrial society during the late 19th and early 20thcentury. The perceived problems were alcoholism and predatory capitalism. The family wasvalued highly both in itself and through its importance for the future well-being of the nation.The same results applies to Blue Ribbon and White Ribbon in Norrbotten. In addition greedwas seen as problematic, as well as lost productivity due to alcohol consumption. Humanitywas seen as very important, both within and between countries.

  • 328.
    Priebe, Janina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Greenland's future: narratives of natural resource development in the 1900s until the 1960s2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis identifies and analyzes narratives of Greenland's future that emerged in the context of developing and modernizing the dependency's natural resources industries in the 1900s until the 1960s. After almost two centuries of Danish colonial rule, the turn of the 20th century witnessed a profound change in Greenland's governance. Although contested at first, the notion of cultural progress increasingly linked developing a modern industry to a productive economy under Danish auspices. Ideas of modernity that connected rationalities of the market with political power and science were unparalleled in the colonial discourse on Greenland's future. How were the development of Greenland's natural resource industries and its role in Danish governance debated? Which narratives emerged in this context? As the studies in this compilation thesis suggest, the rationalities of science, markets, and power became entangled in an unprecedented way during these decades, creating new ways to imagine Greenland's future.

    The first paper analyzes the application of a private stakeholder group of Copenhagen's financial and economic elite for access to Greenland as a private, for-profit venture to extract and trade with the colony's living resources in 1905. The motif of an Arctic scramble was constructed through the authority of science, still resonating in the debate on rare earth mining today. The second paper identifies the business relationships between the group's members, connecting major Danish financial institutes and private economic interests in the late 19th and early 20th century. The third paper focuses on the commercialization of Greenlandic fisheries in the 1910s until the late 1920s and the fisheries scientist Adolf Severin Jensen (1866-1953). Jensen's work is an example of how applied sciences connected both scientific and political agendas, carried out in a colonial setting. The fourth paper focuses on the narrative analysis of (Danish-language) Greenlandic newspaper coverage of Qullissat between 1942 and 1968. Representations of the coal mine and nearby settlement on Greenland's west coast, which were closed down in 1972, are at the center of this study. While the coal mine was presented as a Danish success to establish an independent energy supply and to introduce modernization measures, it was presented as a Greenlandic failure to adapt to modern demands of economic productivity in the years leading up to its closure. 

  • 329.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Department for History of Science, Technology and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.
    On past, present and future Arctic expeditions2015In: The new Arctic / [ed] Birgitta Evengård, Joan Nymand Larsen, Øyvind Paasche, Cham: Springer, 2015, p. 57-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today the term "Arctic expedition" conjures up images of heroic men chasing knowledge, but also personal and national glory. Geographical goals such as the North Pole, the Northwest and Northeast Passages and the discovery of new lands became major cultural touchstones during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Individuals such as Sir John Franklin, Fridtjof Nansen, and Robert E. Peary became household names. Many smaller expeditions also ventured to the Arctic from Eurasia and North America. This chapter is about how large, publicity-friendly expeditions related to smaller, more prosaic ventures, and how the term expedition is used in the present to denote everything from seasonal fieldwork conducted by scientists to one-off feats of travel. We conclude with some reflections on how Arctic expeditions may look in the future – and how the term expedition continues to carry meaning in terms of culture and memory.

  • 330.
    Samuelsson, Jonatan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lex Norrköping: The Norrköping Water Fluoridation Trials 1952-1962 and the Passing of the 1962 Water Fluoridation Act2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies how scientists and science were put to use in the passing of the 1962 Water Fluoridation Act. The law was created for a specific purpose: that of facilitating the continuation of the water fluoridation trials that had been under way in Norrköping until January 1962, when they were forced to cease, having been deemed illegal by the Supreme Administrative Court. 

    By studying the network of scientists who were either directly involved in or explicitly supportive of the Norrköping trials, and their actions as members of the two expert committees formed in the 1950’s by the Royal Board of Medicine, and which would come to greatly influence the legislative process, the thesis examines how personal and research interests transferred from Norrköping into the issue of nationwide fluoridation. 

    Using analytical tools gathered from Roger Pielke Jr. and Daniel Sarewitz, the thesis utilizes the concept of uncertainty to describe how scientists, in the political process, assumed different roles in order to further the cause of fluoridation on the one hand, but also to maintain an ideal image of the relationship between science and politics. Furthermore, the tension within the concept of scientization is examined, illuminating how the political end result - the law - is made possible by means of a balancing act between science’s claims to objective truth and the value-driven, often ethically charged discourse of politics.  

    Fianlly, the case of fluoridation is placed in the context of the welfare state and the public health project, where it emerges as a part of a broader political and societal renegotiation of the relationship between the individual and the state, which I argue was taking place in Sweden during ”the long fifties”.

  • 331.
    Samuelsson, Jonatan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå Universitet.
    Skandalerna som förändrar medicinhistorien2020In: Västerbottens-Kuriren, ISSN 1104-0246, p. 22-23Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 332.
    Samuelsson, Jonatan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Stora och mäktiga sanningar: En studie av några populärvetenskapliga framställningar av Charles Darwins idéer i Sverige 1859-19092013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker några svenska populärvetenskapliga framställningar av Darwins idéer under halvseklet efter publiceringen av On the origin of species. De publikationer som studeras mest ingående är Ny illustrerad tidning och Verdandis småskrifter. Med hjälp av Ludwik Flecks vetenskapssociologiska tankar, jämte ett antal andra perspektiv på polulärvetenskapens form och funktion, resonerar jag om populariseringarnas folkbildande och stundtals politiska syften och sätt att presentera en omstridd teori som ovedersägligen sann. Uppsatsen innehåller också en översikt över populärvetenskapens historia i Europa och Sverige.

  • 333.
    Samuelsson, Jonatan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Så fick Norrköping hela världen att tro på fluor2019In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, p. 22-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 334.
    Samuelsson, Jonatan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Urmakarens budbärare: Modern intelligent design-rörelse i jämförelse med brittisk naturteologi vid 1800-talets början2012Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen jämförs William Paleys Natural Theology : or, evidence of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, collected from the appearances of nature från 1802 med Michale J. Behes Darwin's black box : The biochemical challenge to evolution från 1996. Jämförelsen kontextualiseras med en skiss över evolutionsteorimotståndets historia under den mellanliggande perioden, som tillsammans med själva den vetenskapliga utvecklingen, antas förklara de skillnader i tilltal och val av argument som föreligger mellan de två verken. I fråga om grundläggande budskap, idéstruktur, syfte och religiositet befinns de två verken ligga varandra betydligt  närmare än vad som initialt kan tyckas vara fallet.

  • 335.
    Sandström, Viktor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Preventiva roller:: Knut Wicksell och Hinke Bergegren i kampen för födelsekontroll 1880-19352017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 336.
    Saura, Anssi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine).
    A tale of two papers2014In: Hereditas, ISSN 0018-0661, E-ISSN 1601-5223, Vol. 151, no 6, p. 119-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two papers published in HEREDITAS between 1921 and 1939 show how the attitude towards race biology changed in the course of the interwar period in the Nordic countries. In the early 1920s race biology was seen to constitute a legitimate science. Ordinary human genetics prevailed, however, over race biology already in the very beginning on the pages of HEREDITAS. Population thinking was introduced into the study of human heredity around the year 1930. It effectively contradicted the concept of the race. Interestingly, HEREDITAS does not carry a single paper on eugenics and sterilization. In 1939 we see a final repudiation of the doctrines on race. Times had changed and the National Socialists had usurped the doctrines of race in Germany.

  • 337.
    Styrke, Britt-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Utbildare i dans: perspektiv på formeringen av en pedagogutbildning 1939-19652010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes and theoretically illuminates perspectives on the formation of a dance teacher education in Sweden during the period 1939–65. The process is explored mainly through the visions and activities of Svenska Danspedagogförbundet, SDF (The Swedish Dance Teacher Association). Particular attention is paid to specific instances which eventually could lead toward the establishment of a government-sponsored educational program. The work is both chronologically and thematically arranged in order to enlighten time specific turning points that also encompass three major themes which can be seen as initiation, expansion and establishment. These themes summarize the problems my investigation zeroes in on. The chronological framework is bounded by the foundation of the SDF in 1939, and the first year of classes at the new pedagogical section of Koreografiska Institutet, KI (the Choreographic Institute) in 1964–65. The study focuses on the intersection of aesthetic, educational, and professional transformative processes which also includes the international field of dance. More specifically the study explores the initial process gathering practitioners in a professional association, which could lead both to unionization and the establishment of an education. As far as professional and educational questions are concerned the process toward establishing a system of dance teacher education followed a general growth and organization of the Swedish educational system as a whole. The educational alternatives which evolved between 1959 and 1965 corresponded to both internal and external needs, especially by exposing the lack of a competent corps of teachers. The study examines how these alternatives collaborated and competed with one another for a relatively short time. Though lines of contention were drawn between leading actors this work also illuminates how the profession and the art itself acquired increased status in a broader cultural context. The vision of modernizing the art of dance along with its pedagogy is shown to be as much about pedagogic matters as about aesthetic ideals. Regardless of actual differences and approaches to aesthetics and education the process was guided toward the establishment of a dance teacher education.

  • 338.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    “Forest property rights under attack”: Actors, networks and claims about forest ownership in the Swedish press 2014–20172020In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 111, article id 102038Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a leading country in governance of property rights, according to global assessments, but Swedish landowners currently argue that their forest property rights are being eroded. Thus, the aim of this article is to investigate when and why the current debate on forest property rights came about, and its resemblance to discussion in an ‘echo-chamber’. This refers to an arena in which information is accessed from limited sources and a small number of actors with ideological homogeneity may exert substantial influence and reinforce established opinions. Hence, it may spread disinformation, increase polemic tensions, and hamper deliberative policy processes in society. We assess the resemblance by identifying where the issue is debated in printed news media, the active actors, the interests they represent and how they problematize property rights, i.e. the claims they make and the claims’ homogeneity. Our results show that the debate has intensified in recent years, but several issues are not new. The debate is mainly limited to the Swedish rural business press and rural conservative press. Moreover, the main claim-makers are representatives of land and forest owner organizations, and members of agrarian and conservative political parties, which have close organizational and individual connections, thereby forming a metaphorical ‘chamber’. The ‘echo’ consists of repetitive claims about withdrawal and management rights, with no efforts to examine and contextualize complex aspects of private property rights in a changing society. The debate about forest ownership in an echo-chamber is problematic in several ways. It hampers efforts of claim-makers in the chamber to reach out, undermines current systems’ legitimacy, and locks important questions about sustainable forestry and property rights into a narrow societal sphere.

  • 339.
    Sundberg, Kjell
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Palestinagrupperna i Sverige: En solidaritetsrörelses syn på det palestinskafolket och dess representanter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses a Swedish solidarity organisation, The Palestine Solidarity Association ofSweden. In original language Palestinagrupperna i Sverige, abbreviated PGS. Like other solidaritygroups the PGS was founded in sympathy with liberation movements during the decolonisation erain the 1960s. The PGS supports the Palestinian attempt to form an independent state partly on thesame land as Israel.Many of the groups were organised in a different manner than traditional leftist organisations. Thisstudy tries to apply the theory of Social Contentious Movements to the PSG. The general idea isthat new social groups mobilise in new ways and apply confrontational tactics towards the state.Renowned scholars in this field are Sidney Tarrow and Charles Tilly. Some of these groups wereformed transnationally and used new ways of communication like the internet.The PGS is active in one such transnational organisation called BDS, Boycott, Divestment andSanctions. PGS have put pressure on Swedish businesses to boycott the Israeli factory SodaStreamthat has been producing on occupied Palestinian territory still labelling the products Made inIsrael.The study shows support for the fact that the PGS has gradually turned from mainly radical critic toan organisation of development aid in Palestine. The main hostile counterpart is the Israeligovernment, which has promised to stop PGS-members entering the country because of itsengagement in the BDS.The results of the study gives support to explanation of its survival where other leftist solidaritygroups have ceased to exist due to its work with development aid.The PGS supports the rights of the Palestinian people. The interest of the people has beenarticulated in different ways of the leadership. The initial wholehearted support seems to havechanged to a more sceptical one. The support now is more directed towards the civil society.

  • 340.
    Sundberg, Kjell
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Utopi och utopisk mentalitet hos Leszek Kolakowski: En beskrivande idéanalys2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 341.
    Sundin, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Alla tiders innovation2013In: 100 innovationer: 51-100 Metallbearbetning-Ångmaskinen / [ed] Helene Sjunnesson och Elisabeth Helldorff, Stockholm: Bilda förlag & idé , 2013, Vol. 81, p. 9-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Sundin, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    En provisorisk plats: från ödemark till folkhem till minnestavla2006In: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, p. 217-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Det trådlösas väsen: radion och det moderna samhället2009In: Världens gång - teknikens utveckling: Om samspelet mellan teknik, människa och samhälle, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, p. 129-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från möjlighet till miljöskandal: Den svenska skifferoljeindustrin under 1900-talets första hälft.2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On a plain, in the middle of Sweden, there is a 100 meter high hill. Today it is best known for an art exhibition, “Art on a Hill”.  In the winter it is used for skiing and at summer, a golf course is available at the foot of the hill. Fifty years ago this landscape of leisure time looked completely different. It was described as a desert, a moon landscape, and the hill as a volcano. Today’s seemingly peaceful hill is in fact an industrial memorial from Sweden’s most environmentally injuring industry ever.

    The hill is composed of waste from the extraction of oil from alum shale. The production started in 1942 with a state-owned company, Svenska Skifferoljebolaget. The company was established the year before. The German occupation of Denmark and Norway cut trade and the import of oil decreased to virtually nothing. Sweden is poor in fossil fuels, except peat and shale oil (to be found in low concentration at various places). After initiatives from the National Fuel Commission and other agencies, and after considerable investments in money and man-power, a domestic production of oil from shale started.

    The production made sense during the war. It partially compensated for the lack of imported oil. But, in spite of chronically weak economy and problematic environmental effects, production continued when peace came. The emissions of sulphuric gases destroyed vegetation and caused corrosion many kilometres from the production site. Only a fraction of the shale was extracted as oil or other hydrocarbons (gasol). The rest, as waste, built up what is today the hill. And parts of the waste was still burning when it was disposed. The result was that the hill (the “volcano”) was burning. And it is still, fifty years later, hot inside the hill..

    One of the production methods was exceptionally devastating. Electrical thermal elements heated the ground and gasified hydrocarbons which was condensated to oil-products. That is why some papers named the shale oil “electrical petrol”.

    In spite of economical difficulties and obvious environmental problems production continued for twenty years after the end of the war which once had motivated the extraction of shale oil. In my paper I will discuss the causes of this “momentum” of shale oil production.

  • 345.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Ingenjörsvetenskapens tidevarv: Ingenjörsvetenskapsakademin, Pappersmassekontoret, Metallografiska institutet och den teknologiska forskningen i början av 1900-talet1981Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The period around the end of the First World War saw the organization of tech­nological research in Sweden. It was at this time that work began at the Wood Pulp Research Association, at the Swedish Institute for Metals Research and at the Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. The latter organization had as its basic aim the promotion of technical and scientific research and thereby the support of Swedish industry and the utilization of natural resources. The disser­tation is concerned with the background of these institutions.

    The indirect cause of the founding of the Academy was a parliamentary motion in 1916 which resulted in an enquiry into an institute responsible for energy and fuel matters. The enquiry led to the conclusion that there existed a need for a central institution for technological research as a whole. Other issues which played a part in the sequence of events that led to the founding of the Academy, were the demand from industry for a modernization of Swedish government administration and the conflict that existed between scientifically- oriented engineers with roots in civil service traditions and the »modern» engine­ers who emphasized the role of the engineer as an industrial manager trained in economics etc. The Academy came into being with the aim of bridging this conflict and of establishing a state agency corresponding to the older Swedish Academy of Agriculture.

    The Wood Pulp Research Association was founded by the pulp industry, which originally had not been based on any systematic research or development work. After the turn of the century, interest in the chemistry of wood and other related substances began to increase. All early research efforts had one aim in common: the utilization of waste material from the forestry industry. The Asso­ciation was established at the end of 1917 and was jointly owned by a majority of the larger pulp companies. Due to an economic crisis in the pulp industry, the organization was abolished in 1922.

    The Swedish Institute for Metals Research was originally a metalographic research laboratory established as a result of cooperation between State and industry. The Institute was engaged primarily in basic research, dominated by work based on advanced X-ray spectroscopy.

  • 346.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kortvågslyssning: en gränsöverskridande hobby2008In: Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria / [ed] Bosse Sundin & Maria Göransdotter, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Sundin, Bosse
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Göransdotter, MariaUmeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Svensson, Frans
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Non-Eudaimonism, The Sufficiency of Virtue for Happiness, and Two Senses of the  Highest Good in Descartes’s Ethics2015In: British Journal for the History of Philosophy, ISSN 0960-8788, E-ISSN 1469-3526, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 277-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In his reflections on ethics, Descartes distances himself from the eudaimonistic tradition in moral philosophy by introducing a distinction between happiness and the highest good. While happiness, in Descartes's view, consists in an inner state of complete harmony and satisfaction, the highest good instead consists in virtue, i.e. in 'a firm and constant resolution' (e.g. CSMK: 325/AT 5: 83) to always use our free will well or correctly. In Section 1 of this paper, I pursue the Cartesian distinction between happiness and the highest good in some detail. In Section 2, I discuss the question of how the motivation to virtue should be accounted for within Descartes's ethical framework. In Section 3, I turn to Descartes's defence of the view that virtue, while fundamentally distinct from happiness, is nevertheless sufficient for obtaining it. In the final section of the paper (Section 4), my concern is instead with a second and sometimes neglected distinction that Descartes makes between two different senses of the highest good. I show that this distinction does not remove the non-eudaimonistic character of Descartes's ethics suggested in Section 1, and present two reasons for why the distinction is important for Descartes's purposes.

  • 349. Sörlin, Sverker
    The Emerging Arctic Humanities: A Forward-Looking Post-Script2015In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 93-98Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Sörlin Tegenfeldt, Angelica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Judisk nationalism?: En idéhistorisk analys av Theodor Herzi och dennes verk Judestaten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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