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  • 301.
    Deldén, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Högskolan Dalarna.
    ¿La ficción para qué?: Literacidad de películas históricas2017In: Caminos de la enseñanza de la historia / [ed] Paulina Lapatí Escalante, José Carlos Blázquez Espinosa, Siddharta Camargo Arteaga, Querétaro, México, 2017, p. 1242-1259Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [es]

    El texto se basa en mi tesis doctoral, Elcine como herramienta didáctica. Investigo el sentidohistórico creado a partir de las películas históricas. Laspelículas históricas forman parte de la cultura histórica,como una memoria cultural. Basándome en el filósofohistórico alemán Jörn Rüsen exploro cómo podemoscrear sentido a la historia mediada por el lenguajedel cine. Utilizo entrevistas con jóvenes, como ‘sociosde un diálogo crítico’, donde los jóvenes expresan susexperiencias de películas históricas. Pongo las vocesde los jóvenes a dialogar con teorías de las didácticasde la historia y teorías del cine. Llego a la teorizacióndel concepto de la literacidad de películas históricas(historical film literacy). Una conclusión sobre la literacidadcine-historia para crear sentido a la historia esque se trata de una fusión holística entre la emocióny la cognición, donde la dialéctica entre ambas es lovital. La experiencia del cine en el espectador la nombrovaloración emocional, con el significado de que sebasa en sentimientos básicos combinados con pensamientosde carácter más abstracto, de valor o juicio.La perspectiva crítica es importante dado que el sentidohistórico también tiene que ver con la dialécticapasado - presente - futuro, y la consciencia históricadel ser humano.

  • 302.
    Deldén, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Las películas históricas, la narración y la recepción de los alumnos2015In: La historia enseñada a discusión: Retos epistemológicos y perspectivas didácticas / [ed] Barajas Trejo, Dení; Martínez Villa, Juana, Morelia, Michoacán, México: D.R. Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas , 2015, p. 905-922Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In history teaching sometimes historical feature film is used, as part of the use of different media when teaching and often as a way to visualize the past. This use of historical feature film for teaching and learning purposes raises important questions. This paper first focuses on the reception among students, when the film is used as a didactical tool in the teaching of history. In an empirical study I have investigated the process of meaning making when the students experience historical feature films. The study points to a convergence between cognitive and emotional processes where empathy is an important factor that contributes to the historical and narrative understanding. The paper comes to reflect on the notion of empathy and how it relates to historical empathy; likewise it problematize the didactical dilemma regarding the use of historical films in teaching. The second part of the paper looks at the historical feature film and its use in the perspective of cultural memory and with the help of the metaphor of the palimpsest. I argue that precisely in the interaction between reality, fiction and meaning making that film creates, we find the interesting and challenging teaching and learning opportunities. The potential of the film can be found in the entangled layers of reality and fiction, past and present.

  • 303.
    Deldén, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Högskolan Dalarna.
    Perspektiv på historiefilmslitteracitet: en didaktisk studie av gymnasieelevers historiska och emotionella meningsskapande i mötet med spelfilm2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study addresses what happens when historical feature film is used in history education. The purpose of this thesis is to develop new knowledge of historical film literacy through a study of the feature film's didactical potential in an educa­tional context. This is carried out through an analysis of the historical meaning making among upper secondary students when viewing historical feature films, and special attention is paid to the importance of emotions in the students' meaning making through historical feature film. A focus of the study is the didactical dilemma, previously addressed in historical film research, that arises in the use of feature film in history or social studies education, in relation to educational context, film experience, and historical understanding.

    The present thesis is an independent continuation of my licentiate thesis History as Fiction (2014). The empirical material consists of interviews with students and teachers from two upper secondary schools in Sweden, as well as documentation from students' assessments and selected scenes from feature films experienced by the students as they were used in history class.

    The theoretical framework for the study takes an interdisciplinary approach. It is based on Jörn Rüsens under­standing of historical meaning and histo­ri­cal culture, as well as on transaction theory described by John Dewey and Louise M. Rosenblatt. Film reception theory is equally important, represented by theories from David Bordwell and Carl Plantinga.

    The main research question focused on how the concept of historical film literacy could be developed theoretically. Historical film literacy is understood in this thesis as an advanced consciousness of how historical meaning making is created through the individual's transaction with film's narration in a specific context, and how meaning making ideally links historical disciplinary thinking with practical orientation in life. The core of theoretically developed historical film literacy is an understanding of the individual's emotional and aesthetic experience of historical feature film, and elaborated theoretical knowledge about the close relationship between the affective response and the more distanced cognitive activity during and after watching a film. Also crucial for historical film literacy is an under­standing of the historical film's representation of the past as a conflation of facts and fiction. The knowledge of history that students' gain from historical feature film should be constructed in a synthesis of an aesthetic and an efferent stance in the transaction process. This is because the feature film has the capacity to stimulate both a feeling of empathy and of nearness in the viewer as well as a movement of the viewer away from the narration and towards more distanced cognition. This movement helps the viewer to analyze and interpret the historical meaning making from a critical perspective, when the experience of the feature film is transformed to a reflected experience.

  • 304.
    Deldén, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Teacher and Educational Spaces: The Photograph as a Tool for Teacher Reflection2014In: Engaging with Educational Space: Visualizing Spaces of Teaching and Learning / [ed] Catherine Burke, Ian Grosvenor & Björn Norlin, Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier , 2014, p. 51-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Credit, strategies, and female empowerment in early modern France2018In: Women and credit in pre-industrial Europe / [ed] Elise M. Dermineur, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018, p. 253-280Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines female participation and strategies in French local credit markets in the eighteenth century. A sample of about 2,000 notarial loans from two rural manors of south Alsace constitutes the backbone of this analysis. This chapter posits that women's participation in credit markets was of significance not only for their household and their communities, but that it also granted them social benefits in return. This chapter is therefore a tentative exploration of the paradigm of empowerment through the prism of female credit activities.

  • 306.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Emotions of Indebted Peasants in Early Modern France, 1680-17852013Report (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Gender and politics in eighteenth-century Sweden: Queen Louisa Ulrika (1720-1782)2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book retraces the life and experience of Princess Louisa Ulrika of Prussia (1720-1782), who became queen of Sweden, with a particular emphasis on her political role and activities. As crown princess (1744-1751), queen (1751-1771) and then queen dowager (1771-1782) of Sweden, Louisa Ulrika took an active role in political matters. From the moment she arrived in Sweden, and throughout her life, Louisa Ulrika worked tirelessly towards increasing the power of the monarchy. Described variously as fierce, proud, haughty, intelligent, self-conscious of her due royal prerogatives, filled with political ambitions, and accused by many of her contemporaries of wanting to restore absolutism, she never diverted from her objective to make the Swedish monarchy stronger, despite obstacles and adversities. As such, she embodied the perfect example of a female consort who was in turn a political agent, instrument and catalyst. More than just a biography, this book places Louisa Ulrika within the wider European context, thus shedding light on gender and politics in the early modern period.

  • 308.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    How Emmanuel Macron could still lose the French presidential election2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 309.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Uppsala university.
    Indebtedness2017In: Early modern emotions: an introduction / [ed] Susan Broomhall, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 199-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 310.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Les Femmes et le Crédit dans les Communautés Rurales au 18e siècle.2014In: Traverse, revue d'histoire - Zeitschrifte für geschichte, Vol. 2, p. 53-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cet article examine le rôle et la place des femmes dans les transactions financières d'Ancien Régime, en particulier dans les communautés rurales.

  • 311.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mechanisms of collective resentment: gender wars and the alteration of patriarchy in Eighteenth-century rural France2013In: On Resentment: Essays on the Cultural History of an Omitted Emotion / [ed] Bernardino Fantini, Dolorès Martin Moruno, and Javier Moscoso, London: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013, p. 109-127Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 312.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Peer-to-peer lending in pre-industrial France2019In: Financial History Review, ISSN 0968-5650, E-ISSN 1474-0052Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the world of informal financial transactions and informal networks in pre-industrial France. Often considered merely as simple daily transactions made to palliate a lack of cash in circulation and to smooth consumption, the examination of private transactions reveals not only that they served various purposes, including productive investments, but also that they proved to be dynamic. The debts they incurred helped to smooth consumption but also helped to make investments. Some lenders were more prominent than others, although no one really dominated the informal market. This article also compares informal transactions with formal ones through the study of probate inventories and notarial records respectively. It compares these two credit circuits, their similarities and different characteristics, and their various networks features. The debts incurred in the notarial credit market were more substantial but did not serve a different purpose than in the informal market. Here too, the biggest lenders did not monopolise the extension of capital. Perhaps the most striking result lies in the fact that the total volume of exchange between the informal credit market and the notarial credit market (after projection) was similar.

  • 313.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Pride and prejudice: Luise Ulrike of Sweden, the Pomeranian War and the question of loyalty2017In: Frictions and failures: cultural encounters in crisis / [ed] Almut Bues, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017, p. 77-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1757, in the midst of the Seven Year's War, Sweden declared war on Prussia. Queen Luise Ulrike of Sweden (1720-1782) faced a personal dilemma. Born and raised in Berlin, the queen remained deeply attached to her family and to the prestige of the Hohenzollern dynasty. Waging war on her fatherland – and above all on her brother Frederick the Great – was one of her greatest challenges. Yet as queen consort of Sweden her duty required her to be loyal to her country of adoption. Facing a quandary regarding her "double dynastic affiliation", Luise Ulrike rapidly chose her side in this conflict. The queen secretly passed on sensitive information to her brother and privately hoped for Sweden's defeat in the war. Interestingly, her motivations were both personal and political. How did a princess or a queen consort become assimilated to her new kingdom? How did she resolve the paradox of belonging to her old dynasty and her new one?

    This chapter focuses on the meaning of loyalty, identity, and the concepts of belongingness/foreignness in a queen consort through the example of Queen Luise Ulrike of Sweden (1720-1782). Through the particular example of the Pomeranian War, I examine Luise Ulrike's actions and decisions not only through the prism of her multiple identities (queen of Sweden/princess of Prussia) but also through her political ideals and agency.

  • 314.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Rethinking Debt: The Evolution of Private Credit Markets in Preindustrial FranceIn: Social science history, ISSN 0145-5532, E-ISSN 1527-8034Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on traditional private credit markets in eighteenth-century France through the examination of notarized loan deeds and to a lesser extent civil court records. It examines in particular how credit markets functioned and how they developed in the eighteenth century. It argues that traditional credit markets featured norms of solidarity, cooperation and fairness, and allowed considerable flexibility and input from both creditors and debtors. But in the middle of the eighteenth century, this market experienced several major changes. Not only did the volume of exchange and the number of notarized credit contracts dramatically increase, engendering a standardization of contracts and a greater resort to external institutions, but a new group of investors modified the traditional norms and practices of exchange. This paper concludes that the private credit market shifted from an institution in which input, negotiation and flexibility prevailed to a more rigid institution in which rules and rigour applied.

  • 315.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Rural credit markets in 18th-century France: contracts, guarantees and land2018In: Land and credit: mortgages in the medieval and early modern European countryside / [ed] Chris Briggs and Jaco Zuijderduijn, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 205-231Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter looks at the significance of land in relation to credit in early modern France with special reference to the eighteenth century. Through a close examination of notarial contracts covering loans and credit practices, this chapter first presents the characteristics of the early modern French rural credit markets. Particular emphasis is placed on the various types of contracts available to agents in which land served as collateral. Obligations and rentes (annuities) are of particular relevance. Focusing on the credit market of a small rural community in Alsace, this chapter analyses in detail the meaning and evolution of landed guarantees over time. It argues that the significance of land as collateral decreased throughout the eighteenth century mostly because the local credit market was disrupted by a group of new investors from the emerging bourgeoisie. Socially and often geographically strangers to the local community, they began to extend credit and demanded not only stronger guarantees to secure their investments but also set rigid deadlines for repayment.

  • 316.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Single Women and the Rural Credit Market in Eighteenth-Century France2014In: Journal of social history, ISSN 0022-4529, E-ISSN 1527-1897, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 175-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the strategies, actions, and meaning of the credit activities of single women in rural credit markets in eighteenth-century France. For the purpose of this article, gender and, more importantly, marital status, are considered as critical categories of historical analysis, and this approach has yielded key data in the examination of loans records from 1733 to 1790. This article concludes that not only did single women gradually become major agents in the circulation of capital within their communities but that they also gained greater social freedom and empowerment thanks to their role as creditors.

  • 317.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sweden’s election: a vote free from meddling?2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 318.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Civil Judicial System in Early Modern France2012In: Frühnenzeit-Info, Vol. 23, no 1-2, p. 42-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Civil court records have remained until recently an obscure source for historians of early modern France. These documents have been neglected and under used mostly because scholars have preferred to focus on the more colourful study of criminality. Recently, however, a new interest in local and seigneurial courts has stimulated a significant production of doctoral dissertations and manuscripts, which use and rehabilitate civil court records in historiography. This paper examines the historical value of such documents and presents recent developments and trends in historical research concerning French early modern civil courts and civil records. But more importantly, it also proposes a few new directions for research using this particular type of source, research that could enrich not only French historiography, but also the historiography of early modern justice.

  • 319.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The (R)Evolution of French Rural Credit Markets in the Eighteenth Century2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 320.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Uppsala university.
    Village2017In: Early modern emotions: an introduction / [ed] Susan Broomhall, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 242-244Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 321.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Widows' political strategies in traditional communities: negotiating marital status and authority in eighteenth-century France2016In: Gender and political culture in early modern Europe, 1400-1800 / [ed] James Daybell and Svante Norrhem, Routledge, 2016, p. 123-139Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The social and economic status of widows in early modern France is characterized by a paradoxical dichotomy. On one hand, they gained social and political authority not only within their household but also within their communities through their new marital position, which granted them a wide spectrum of rights and duties. Indeed, widows could contract, ask for justice, appear on tax roll, lend and borrow money, or serve as collaterals. Yet, on the other hand, their position within the society was considered suspicious –women living without men- and always been subject to caution. Witchcraft trials in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, for instance, have particularly highlighted their target status. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, judicial records continued to underline the conflict and difficulties that many of them encountered in their daily life and exchange with men.

    But because their marital status could possibly weakened widows and engendered social resentment towards them, they, I argue, gradually came to negotiate their social position within their community, especially through economic means and extensive cooperation such as the re-allocation and redistribution of capital in the credit market, for instance, contributing not only to secure their old days but also, and above all, to achieve social consideration and honor.

    Through a cross analysis of loans and judicial records from 1700 to 1789, I am able to retrace widow’s political agenda and negotiations with special reference to the strengthening of their social and economic position within their community.  In the first part, I study the political status of widows in traditional communities and its evolution. Then, in a second part, I focus on their economic position and strategies in the credit market—a public and cooperative sphere—that progressively became important in a context of general indebtedness through the redistribution of wealth and allocation of capital. Finally, I argue that widows gradually developed strategies to negotiate their marital status and their honor through cooperative means.

  • 322.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Women and credit in pre-industrial Europe2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection of essays  compare and discuss women's participation and experiences in credit markets in early modern Europe and highlight the characteristics, common mechanisms, similarities, discrepancies, and differences across various periods of time and regions. The essays cover various regions in Europe in different time periods and at all levels of society. The emphasis is placed particularly on their role as creditors and debtors, a topic largely ignored in traditional historiography, but also and above all on the evolution of their roles across time. Were women able to enter the credit market, and how? In what proportion? What was then the meaning of their involvement in this market? What did their involvement mean for the community and for their household? Was credit a vector of female emancipation and empowerment? What were the changes that occurred for them in the transition to capitalism?   

  • 323.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Women and credit in pre-industrial Europe: an overview2018In: Women and credit in pre-industrial Europe / [ed] Elise M. Dermineur, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 324.
    Dermineur, Elise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Women, Indebtedness and the Land Market in Early Modern France2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 325.
    Dermineur, Elise
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Langum, Virginia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Umeå Group for Premodern Studies Annual Report 20122013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 326.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Absolutism and Society in Seventeenth-Century France: State Power and Provincial Aristocracy in Languedoc2013In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 79, no 2, p. 149-150Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 327.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Anatomy of early modern patriarchy2018In: Revisiting gender in European history, 1400-1800 / [ed] Elise M. Dermineur, Åsa Karlsson Sjögren and Virginia Langum, New York: Routledge, 2018, p. 10-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thanks to the emergence and dynamism of new research fields over the past forty years, women and gender historians have been able to (re)define essential concepts and tools of analysis in order to examine women's past. Some of these findings and observations, however, came mostly from the examination of recent historical events and experiences, and are often wrongly used and applied to other historical periods. Patriarchy is one of them. In early modern Western historiography, patriarchy is usually described as a social organization marked by the supremacy of the father/husband in the family, the legal dependence of wives and children, and the reckoning of descent and inheritance in the male line. But as patriarchy has been theorized in the light of capitalism's outcomes, this chapter argues that it should not be used as a significant parameter for premodern studies. This chapter proposes, therefore, to revisit the paradigm of patriarchy applied to early modern Europe, with special reference to France. Because it has long been assumed that patriarchy was propped up by a male monopolization of the 'public' sphere of market relations, demonstration of prominent female activity in the latter prompt a re-thinking of the reach of patriarchy in real lives. Looking at the lives and experiences of female peasants in eighteenth-century France, mostly to the light of market activities, I highlight the discrepancy between theory—i.e., the written rules, the custom and even the ancient tradition that supported patriarchy—and new social practices and norms that challenged it.

  • 328.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Common Land, Wine and the French Revolution. Rural Society and Economy in Southern France, c.1789-18202012In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 332-333Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    French Historians 1900-2000: New Historical Writing in Twentieth-Century France2012In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 326-327Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 330.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Memoirs of Mademoiselle de Montpensier (La Grande Mademoiselle)2016In: French History, ISSN 0269-1191, E-ISSN 1477-4542, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 429-430Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 331.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Peasants of Paris from the mid-XVth to Early XVIIth century2013In: French History, ISSN 0269-1191, E-ISSN 1477-4542, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 274-275Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Karlsson Sjögren, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Langum, Virginia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Introduction2018In: Revisiting gender in European history, 1400-1800 / [ed] Elise M. Dermineur, Åsa Karlsson Sjögren, Virginia Langum, New York and Oxon: Routledge, 2018, p. 1-9Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The scholarly notion of gender has only recently been framed. In the aftermath of World War II, a series of social demands and protests emerged which shook the Western world. These movements placed social and political inequality at the core of their struggle. In particular, feminist movements, collectively called the second wave, blossomed throughout the Western world in the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s. Their powerful socio-political dimension and dynamism quickly attracted worldwide attention. This chapter also presents an overview of this book. The book covers various regions in Europe in different time periods at all levels of society. It covers a wide socio-professional spectrum, from elite women to female artisans, domestics and peasant women. The book redresses a lack of scholarship on gender and 'the dark or unofficial side of the preindustrial economy'. It examines the illness experience articulated by two late medieval mystical writers through the possibilities afforded by medicine and religious culture.

  • 333.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Karlsson Sjögren, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Langum, Virginia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Introduction2018In: Revisiting Gender in European History, 1400–1800, Routledge, 2018, p. 1-9Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The scholarly notion of gender has only recently been framed. In the aftermath of World War II, a series of social demands and protests emerged which shook the Western world. These movements placed social and political inequality at the core of their struggle. In particular, feminist movements, collectively called the second wave, blossomed throughout the Western world in the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s. Their powerful socio-political dimension and dynamism quickly attracted worldwide attention. This chapter also presents an overview of this book. The book covers various regions in Europe in different time periods at all levels of society. It covers a wide socio-professional spectrum, from elite women to female artisans, domestics and peasant women. The book redresses a lack of scholarship on gender and 'the dark or unofficial side of the preindustrial economy'. It examines the illness experience articulated by two late medieval mystical writers through the possibilities afforded by medicine and religious culture.

  • 334.
    Dermineur, Elise M.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Karlsson Sjögren, ÅsaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.Langum, VirginiaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Revisiting gender in European history, 1400-18002018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do women have a history? Did women have a renaissance? These were provocative questions when they were raised in the heyday of women's studies in the 1970s. But how relevant does gender remain to premodern history in the twenty-first century? This book considers this question in eight new case studies that span the European continent from 1400 to 1800. An introductory essay examines the category of gender in historiography and specifically within premodern historiography, as well as the issue of source material for historians of the period. The eight individual essays seek to examine gender in relation to emerging fields and theoretical considerations, as well as how premodern history contributes to traditional concepts and theories within women's and gender studies, such as patriarchy.

  • 335.
    Dermineur, Elise
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Norrhem, Svante
    Lund University.
    Luise Ulrike of Preussia, Queen of Sweden, and the search for political space2016In: Queens consort, cultural transfer and European politics, c. 1500-1800 / [ed] Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly & Adam Morton, Routledge, 2016, p. 84-108Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter will discuss how Luise Ulrike, Princess of Prussia and Queen of Sweden, used culture to create political spaces (or places). The Academy of Literature, History and Antiquities founded by her in 1753 is one such space/place. The chapter will show that the Academy was one of several attempts to use culture as a tool or weapon to reach a political goal and will also put these spaces/places in a European context and discuss where Luise Ulrike got her inspiration from.

  • 336.
    Dolk, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lärare och religionskunskap: En kvalitativ studie om lärares inställning till religionsämnets centrala innehåll2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie avser undersöka lärares inställningar till läroplanens centrala innehåll i religionsämnet på högstadiet och gymnasiet för att kartlägga lärares intryck av den senaste läroplanen. Vidare skall studien undersöka huruvida lärare upplever tydligheten i progressionen. Genom en kvalitativ skriftlig intervju skall svar samlas in från lärare genom en Facebook-grupp för religionslärare samt svar från ämnesexperter som skickas ut genom mejl. Resultatet analyseras med hermeneutiska metoder samt jämförs med tidigare forskning och svar från ämnesexperter. Studiens resultat visar att lärare har svårt att hinna med sin undervisning för att innehållet i kursplanerna är allt för omfattande. Lärare har oftast inte heller någon koll på progressionen mellan högstadiet och gymnasiet. Dock menar lärare att läroplanen är tydlig och det är inga större problem med att tolka den.

  • 337.
    Dorrian, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den mänskliga arbetskraften.: Tjänstemän, flyktingar och arbetsmarknad i Sverige under andra världskriget.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish refugee policy during the 1930’s and during the beginning of the Second World War can be described as restrictive. In the year 1939 the number of refugees in Sweden was about 4000. By the year 1945 the number was approximately 200 000. The responsibility for the reception of the refugees was mainly the governments. Since the late 1920’s, Swedish politics where largely formed by the Social Democratic party’s idea of the welfare state. Central to this idea and embodied in society was labour as almost a moral obligation. This thesis examines the relationship between the refugees, government bodies and the labour market policies in Sweden during the years for the Second World War. The purpose is to explore the government’s labour markets bodies’ relationship to refugees and labour by studying the government’s state officials. How was this relationship organized? Much of the previous research in the related area has focused on the government’s bodies rather than their state officials. Therefor this thesis adds a new perspective to this research area. The main questions of interest are how the labour market government bodies and their state officials where organized, and the challenges they were put before in the meeting with the refugees.A hypothesis for the thesis is that refugee reception and labour market politics are linked. A natural step in the reception of refugees is for government bodies to mediate them to the labour market. Refugees tend over time to transfer to labourers. A sociological theoretical approach in the thesis is that the individual is subordinated to the governing structure. In this regard, the state officials are to be seen as acting agents through the governing structure. Hence, two following questions regarding their autonomy in this structure are interesting: where the state officials to be regarded as agents acting out the policies directed to them? Where they also able to form policies? The primary source material consists of memorandums, reports and correspondence written by state officials. The research methodology is qualitative.The thesis results show that much of the government bodies’ work was made up by compromise and the ability to adapt to the current circumstances, dictated by the war. The state officials also seem to have been able to, in smaller cases, form policies. But mainly their actions should be regarded as part of a collective larger formative element (“formativt moment”) - the war itself dictated their options and formed Swedish labour market policies. The thesis also points to new areas of research. Could the same research model be applied on other, for example neutral, countries during the same period?

    Keywords: The Second World War, refugee reception, refugees, labour market policies, state officials 

  • 338.
    Drugge, Anna-Lill
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jakt och jägare i Sverige2001In: Efter arbetet: studier av svensk fritid / [ed] Peder Aléx & Jonny Hjelm, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2001, p. 17-33Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 339.
    Dumisic, Sanjin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Choice of Pre-Birth Genetic Modification: Through Kant´s Ethics in the 21st Century2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses, departing from Kant’s deontological ethics, and deals with the ques- tion of which types of pre-birth genetic modification are acceptable from the perspective of Kant’s ethics theory? The conclusion is that Kant’s ethics can be in line with certain thera- peutic interventions. Yet the same ethics disapproves with any sort of pre-birth modifica- tion based on personal design, preferences and commodification of the process.

  • 340.
    Eckeryd, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Acceptans eller utstötning?: ogifta mödrar i Ångermanland 1860–19402017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation has investigated the social vulnerability of unmarried mothers in three rural court districts in the province of Ångermanland in northern Sweden during the period 1860–1940. The main focus is on the consequences that the birth of one or more illegitimate children had on the women’s lives as regards to how they were treated in the local community, including by both neighbours and formal institutions. It was pre-supposed that the social vulnerability of unmarried mothers can vary considerably between geographically close areas and that such variations are likely linked to the frequency of illegitimate births, which in turn should be dependent on unrelated variables such as diverging socio-economic structures and the importance of Christianity. Two periods have been chosen for in-depth analysis: the 1860s and a number of years before and after 1918, when the first specific law regarding illegitimate children was put into practice. This enables both a comparison of areas with diverging illegitimate fertility rates and a comparison of the unmarried mothers’ social vulnerability in a community still largely based on farming in the 19th century, with that of a more industrialised and modernised society in the early 20th century. Theories of social stigma and the concept of deviancy have been applied for the purposes of interpretation. Social vulnerability has been assumed to be linked to perceptions regarding how deviant the unmarried mothers were considered to be in the local community. To investigate this Church records have been used for life course analyses covering the women’s fertile ages, with a primary focus on the unmarried mothers’ marriage patterns. Court protocols have also been studied for an analysis of how paternity suits were handled by district courts, as regards what evidence was required for different outcomes and what that can tell us about the women’s social vulnerability. Based on the frequency of illegitimate births, two main hypotheses were formulated: first, that the unmarried mothers were least socially vulnerable in one particular area during both periods, and secondly that they during the 1860s were most vulnerable in a court district with an unusually low rate of illegitimate births. The first main hypothesis was confirmed regarding the 1860s. The second main hypothesis was however disproven by several factors. In the early 20th century, modernisation and the growing working class seem to have eased attitudes towards unmarried mothers in the two court districts with the lowest illegitimate fertility frequences, leading to a similar social vulnerability in all three areas. However an illegitimate birth could still be seen as deviant behavior and women who had been abandoned with two illegitimate children seems to have been stigmatised in all areas during both periods of investigation.

  • 341.
    Eckeryd, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Spannmål mot fisk: Byteshandel över Kvarken under 1700-talet och början av 1800-talet2014In: OKNYTT. Tidskrift för Johan Nordlander-sällskapet, ISSN 0349-1706, no 3-4, p. 29-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 342.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Anakronismen: mot den historiska manin2011Book (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Edin, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Herren är min herde, mig skall intet fattas: En uppsats om svenska väckelserörelsers påverkan på Amerika-emigrationen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the effect that the 18th and 19th century swedish revivals had on the emigration to America. Due to the law of 1726 against any practice of religion that was not the one preached by the established church, many swedes had to take their belief some place else. America offered a sanctuary for these grops of people due to its freedom of religion. The fanatic so called Erik Jansonist Movement from Alfta parish in Hälsningland is thought to be the first revival movement whos members emigrated from Sweden due to religious reasons. These people belived that their leader Erik Jansson was Messias and that America was the land of Kanaan. The fact that Jansson himself had been put in prison for his faith also made it imposible for his movement to stay in Sweden unless they aplied by the law and were forced back in to the swedeish church community. This revival later gave inspiration to other religious movements to emigrate from Sweden and start a new life in America. Amongst the biggest ones were the swedish lutherians and the Baptists wich this paper also includes. Both these groups had a substantial number of followers but the swedish lutherians were the ones who recruited the most number of people once they had established themselves in America. The Baptist Movement was already big in America wich made it easier for the swedish Baptists to settle there. In this paper I debate wether these people realy emigrated because of their belief or if their belief was one of many reasons. Also, I try to work out how much these emigrated revivals bacame the inspiration to other people in their emigration, believers or not.

  • 344.
    Edlund, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Eliasson, Pär
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Peter Artedis samtid och vetenskapliga gärning: Några tankar från ett symposium2010In: Thule, ISSN 0280-8692, p. 167-174Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Edlund, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sundström, OlleUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.Klein, BarbroSjöberg, Kjell
    Journal of Northern Studies: Published by Umeå university & The Royal Skyttean Society2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 346.
    Edwardsson, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Narrativ historia: Machalniks under Israels självständighetskrig 1948-492017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 347.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lång, Henrik
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sundin, Bosse
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Motorspriten kommer!: en historia om etanol och andra alternativa drivmedel2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Motorspriten kommer! löd budskapet i början av 1900-talet. Liknande utfästelser om alternativa drivmedel har gång på gång hörts genom historien. Men de oljebaserade bränslena har behållit sitt grepp om transportsystemet, trots att de alltid ansetts problematiska. Varför?

    Den här boken handlar om olika försök att utveckla och förverkliga alternativ till oljebaserade drivmedel i Sverige. Den spänner över ett drygt sekel, från slutet av 1800-talet och framåt, och behandlar bland annat sulfitsprit, syntetisk bensin, gengas, metanol och den första och andra generationens etanol. I fokus står motiven bakom dessa alternativ varför de har ansetts angelägna och önskvärda liksom de problem och strukturella hinder som de har mött och alltjämt fortsätter att möta. Boken ger historiska och medievetenskapliga perspektiv på de pågående försöken till en omställning på drivmedelsområdet och bidrar till kunskap av värde för såväl beslutsfattare som allmänhet.

    Boken bygger på forskning som utfördes inom det tvärvetenskapliga projektet Framtidens drivmedel? Biobränslen i historisk och kulturell belysning. Den är skriven av samtliga forskare i projektet Annika Egan Sjölander, Helena Ekerholm, Jenny Eklöf, Erland Mårald, Christer Nordlund och Bosse Sundin i samarbete med Henrik Lång.

  • 348.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Eklöf, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Fuel of the Future? The BioFuel Region case.2008In: Paper presented at the conference Teknik-och Vetenskapshistoriska dagar, Stockholm, April 2008., 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 349.
    Einarsson, Rebecca
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att vara en i mängden… : En studie om religiös isolering på Facebook2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of Att vara en i mängden… – En studie om religiös isolering på Facebook (Running with the pack… – A study on religious isolation on Facebook) is to gain an understanding of religious isolation between Christian, Jewish, Muslim and non-religious people. Further, the purpose is also to gain insight on how Christians, Jews and Muslims experience Facebook as a platform for expressing religious identity. The study was made using a concurrent mixed method, combining quantitative and qualitative methods, targeting Swedish Facebook users. The theoretical framework behind the study is The Spiral of Silence, by Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann.The results indicate that religious isolation exists, and that it effects how prone users are to self-disclose about their religious identity. Also, the study shows that public opinion does not affect how prone users are to self-disclose. Rather, it is determined by the perceived opinion of the people in the user’s Facebook network. Due to the algorithm used by Facebook to filter users’ newsfeed, the recommendation to all Facebook users is to deliberately show interest to a diversity of religious content

  • 350.
    Einarsson, Rebecca
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vem är du som dömer din nästa?: En studie om kristna feministers syn på abort2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studies huvudsakliga syfte var att undersöka ett mindre antal kristna feministers ställningstaganden i abortfrågan och hur dessa kan förstås ur moralpsykologiskt perspektiv. Utifrån studiens moralpsykologiska teorier gjordes också en ansats att hitta gemensamma värden hos de informanter som var för respektive mot abort, eftersom dessa värden enligt teorin kan ligga till grund för en pragmatisk lösning i abortkontroversen. Som bakgrund till studien låg kristen och feministisk etik med fokus på just abortfrågan. Halvstrukturerade kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer var den metod som användes för att genomföra undersökningen. Den hermeneutiska spiralen användes för att analysera och tolka intervjuerna vilka visade att studiens kristna feminister övergripande är för abort som en pragmatisk lösning fram till Jesus återkomst och förverkligandet av Guds rike.

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