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  • 301.
    Derlén, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Multilingual Interpretation of European Union Law2009Book (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Derlén, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Multilingualism and legal integration in Europe2014In: Dynamics and terminology: an interdisciplinary perspective on monolingual and multilingual culture-bound communication / [ed] Rita Temmerman & Marc Van Campenhoudt, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014, p. 17-41Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multilingual character of European Union law presents a number of legal challenges. This article examines one of these challenges, the relationship between multilingualism and legal integration in Europe. It disputes the one- dimensional view of multilingualism as solely an obstacle to legal integration and proposes a wider definition of integration – focusing not only on the hori- zontal dimension but also on the vertical dimension. The horizontal dimension concerns traditional integration, uniformity of application of Union law, from both a quantitative and qualitative perspective. The vertical dimension concerns the effectiveness of Union law, often emphasised by the Court of Justice. The chapter examines two varieties of multilingual interpretation adopted by the Court of Justice and national courts, and their relationship to legal integration. It concludes that multilingualism can be a challenge as well as an opportunity from an integration perspective.

  • 303.
    Derlén, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Multilingualism and the dynamic interpretation of European Union law2019In: Evolutionary interpretation and international law / [ed] Georges Abi-Saab, Kenneth Keith, Gabrielle Marceau & Clément Marquet, Oxford: Hart Publishing Ltd, 2019, p. 329-338Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Derlén, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Multilingualism and the European Court of Justice: challenges, reforms and the position of English after Brexit2018In: The new EU judiciary: an analysis of current judicial reforms / [ed] Emmanuel Guinchard, Marie-Pierre Granger, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2018, p. 341-356Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Ingmanson, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Grundläggande EU-rätt2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är uppdelad i tre delar: Den första delen beskriver EU och EU-rätten, vad som kännetecknar EU:s rättsordning och hur unionsrätten förhåller sig till nationell rätt. Den andra delen förklarar målen för EU:s verksamhet och hur de ska uppnås. Den tredje delen behandlar EU-rätten från skrift till verklighet, det vill säga de rättsliga mekanismer och processer som garanterar EU-rättens genomslag.På ett tydligt och pedagogiskt sätt beskrivs EU-rättens innehåll, logik och systematik. Såväl individuella rättsregler som de institutioner som utvecklar och verkställer dessa regler behandlas.Grundläggande EU-rätt är i första hand tänkt att användas som en introduktion till EU-rätten på universitets- och högskoleutbildningar. Den vänder sig också till personer som i sitt arbete behöver grundläggande kunskaper i ämnet.

  • 306.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Bosman: a legacy beyond sports2016In: The legacy of Bosman: revisiting the relationship between EU law and sport / [ed] Antoine Duval & Ben Van Rompuy, Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2016, p. 31-49Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 1995 Bosman case from the CJEU is one of the most famous judgments ever delivered by the Luxembourg court. It is well-known in sporting contexts, but this article takes the discussion beyond that area, demonstrating Bosman's importance in other areas of law by using network analysis. This illustrates that Bosman is an exceptional case, both in its own right and as a source of further cases, citing Bosman directly or indirectly. We also demonstrate that Bosman is primarily cited for four reasons: the jurisdiction of the CJEU in matters of preliminary rulings, the use of the fundamental freedoms against private entities, non-discriminatory obstacles on the internal market and the temporal effects of CJEU judgments. However, when analyzed further it becomes clear that the Bosman case contains few truly original contributions to EU law and largely builds on existing case law to draw important conclusions. Thus, the Court must have other reasons for citing Bosman. Given the characteristics of the case many such reasons are plausible. Bosman is well-written, well-reasoned, well-known and well-connected, making it an excellent source to use in future cases.

  • 307.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Bosman som spindeln i nätet: Bosmans betydelse bortom idrott2016In: Europarättslig tidskrift, ISSN 1403-8722, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 685-702Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Cases and materials on EU law2007Book (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Characteristics of Precedent: The Case Law of the European Court of Justice in Three Dimensions2015In: German Law Journal, ISSN 2071-8322, E-ISSN 2071-8322, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 1073-1098Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) is one of the most important sources of European Union law. However, case law’s role in EU law is not uniform. By empirically studying how the Court uses its own case law as a source of law, we explore the correlation between, on the one hand, the characteristics of a CJEU case— type of action, actors involved, and area of law—and, on the other hand, the judgment’s “embeddedness” in previous case law and value as a precedent in subsequent cases. Using this approach, we test, confirm, and debunk existing scholarship concerning the role of CJEU case law as a source of EU law. We offer the following conclusions: that CJEU case law cannot be treated as a single entity; that only a limited number of factors reliably affect a judgment’s persuasive or precedential power; that the Court’s use of its own case law as a source of law is particularly limited in successful infringement proceedings; that case law is particularly important in preliminary references—especially those concerning fundamental freedoms and competition law; and that initiating Member State and the number of observations affects the behavior of the Court. 

  • 310.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Direktivs verkan före genomförandefristens utgång: preliminär, begränsad eller fullständig indirekt effekt?2007In: Europarättslig tidskrift, ISSN 1403-8722, no 1, p. 83-112Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    EG & EU-fördragen: EC & EU Treaties2007 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Europeiska unionens fördrag2009 (ed. 3)Book (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    EU-rättens framtid som rättsvetenskaplig disciplin: början på slutet eller slutet på början?2017In: Jubileumsskrift till Juridiska institutionen 40 år / [ed] Örjan Edström, Johan Lindholm, Ruth Mannelqvist, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2017, p. 79-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 314.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, JohanUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Festskrift till Pär Hallström: Volume in Honor of Pär Hallström2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Fra.bo, en viktig bit i pusslet om de grundläggande friheternas horisontella verkan2012In: Europarättslig tidskrift, ISSN 1403-8722, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 707-721Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Från Champagne till Ramlösa: EU-domstolens rättspraxis i svenska underinstanser2017In: Europarättslig tidskrift, ISSN 1403-8722, no 4, p. 695-716Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Goodbye van Gend en Loos, Hello Bosman?: Using Network Analysis to Measure the Importance of Individual CJEU Judgments2014In: European Law Journal, ISSN 1351-5993, E-ISSN 1468-0386, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 667-687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is generally agreed that some judgments by the Court of Justice are more important than others, but the ability of traditional legal methods to identify such judgments is inherently limited. In this article, we apply various tools developed in network analysis to identify which judgments are the most important as legal precedents. The study reveals that certain well-known judgments, like van Gend en Loos, have limited importance as precedents, while other judgments, like BosmanPreussenElektra and Schumacker, are likely overlooked.

  • 318.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Introduction: Europarättsdagarna 20152016In: Europarättslig tidskrift, ISSN 1403-8722, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 667-668Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Is it good law?: network analysis and the CJEU's internal market jurisprudence2017In: Journal of international economic law (Oxford), ISSN 1369-3034, E-ISSN 1464-3758, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 257-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of legal scholars have been attracted to using network analysis, particularly by the possibility of conducting large-scale studies of case law. In this article, we discuss how network analysis can provide new and important information about the law governing the European Union’s internal market by making possible the study of the entire jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), including changes over time. We apply different network centrality measurements to key CJEU internal market decisions and compare how accurately they capture the precedential and persuasive power of case law. In so doing, we reach conclusions that can be used to better understand not only the law of the internal market, but also the law of any case law-driven jurisdiction such as WTO dispute settlement or investor–state arbitration.

  • 320.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Judiciell aktivism eller prejudikatbildning?: en empirisk granskning av Högsta domstolen2016In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 2, p. 143-158Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett antal kommentatorer har hävdat att Högsta domstolen under senare år intagit en ny, friare roll i förhållande till lagstiftaren. Debatten har framförallt kommit att gälla ett antal enskilda och kontroversiella domar som enligt vissa debattörer kan beskrivas som ”judiciell aktivism”. Mot bakgrund av denna debatt och utifrån ett omfattande empiriskt material studerar vi hur Högsta domstolens verksamhet utvecklats över tid. Studien bekräftar att Högsta domstolen genomgått en omfattande förändring, men att det handlar om att domstolen under längre tid utvecklats till en tydligare och aktivare prejudikatinstans, snarare än ett plötsligt utslag av judiciell aktivism.

  • 321.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Mickelsson: två män på vattenskoter vänder upp-och-ner på fri rörlighet för varor2009In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, Vol. 94, no 10, p. 1072-1086Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    EG-domstolen avkunnade nyligen dom i Mickelsson, ett mål som gällde begränsningar av bruket av vattenskotrar i svenska vatten. Domen i Mickelsson belyser en föga diskuterad dimension av den redan komplicerade frågan om hur principen om fri rörlighet ska tillämpas och, närmare bestämt, vad som utgör en sådan åtgärd med motsvarande verkan som en kvantitativ restriktion (ÅMV) vilken är förbjuden enligt artikel 28 EG. Brukanderegler av det slag som behandlades i Mickelsson passar inte den traditionella uppdelningen i produktregler och försäljningsåtgärder som EG-domstolen etablerade i Keck. Denna artikel undersöker EG-domstolens praxis kring brukanderegler med utgångspunkt i Mickelsson och det relaterade målet mellankommissionen och Italien. Dessa domar klargör hur brukandereglers förenlighetmed artikel 28 EG ska bedömas. Genom domarna har dock EG-domstolen även tagit ett viktigt steg mot en förenklad tillämpning av artikel 28 i allmänhet.

  • 322.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Not enough room for optimal choices?: The European legal framework for green taxes2011In: Green taxation in East Asia / [ed] Richard Cullen, Jefferson VanderWolk and Yan Xu, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, p. 167-208Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 323.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Peek-A-Boo, It’s a Case Law System!: Comparing the European Court of Justice and the United States Supreme Court from a Network Perspective2017In: German Law Journal, ISSN 2071-8322, E-ISSN 2071-8322, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 647-686Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) have had an immense impact on development of European Union law, and this has raised a critical discussion about how the CJEU establishes and uses case law. Through a comparison with the United States Supreme Court (USSC) and network analysis, this article argues that much of the criticism is based on false expectations as to the nature of the CJEU. We argue that the Court of Justice must be understood as a precedent-driven constitutional court and that, if we take that as our starting point, its approach to case law is quite reasonable.

  • 324.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Perspektiv på prejudikat: En empirisk undersökning av tingsrätternas bruk av Högsta domstolens rättspraxis i tvistemål2019In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 8, p. 751-772Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Betydelsen av HD:s avgöranden som prejudikat har rönt allt större uppmärksamhet, främst med fokus på hur HD själv ser på sin rättspraxis. Denna artikel kompletterar diskussionen genom att undersöka tingsrätternas bruk av prejudikat. Artikeln visar att endast en relativt liten andel av HD:s avgöranden används aktivt i tingsrätterna och att överlappningen mellan de avgöranden som används av tingsrätterna och de som används av HD själv är ytterst begränsad. En möjlig förklaring är att HD i hög grad prövar frågor som mycket sällan uppkommer i tingsrätterna. Detta är inte nödvändigtvis problematiskt, men motiverar en diskussion om hur HD bäst kan leda rättstillämpningen.

  • 325.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Serving two masters: CJEU case law in Swedish first instance courts and national courts of precedent as gatekeepers2018In: The Court of Justice of the European Union: multidisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Mattias Derlén and Johan Lindholm, Oxford: Hart Publishing Ltd, 2018, p. 79-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper seeks to determine to what extent lower national courts are influenced by higher national courts in their application of CJEU case law. In doing so, we study and compare references to CJEU case law in the jurisprudence of Swedish courts of first instance and courts of precedent. We find that Swedish courts of first instance generally speaking identify and apply relevant CJEU case law independent of whether this has been dealt with by Swedish CoP or not. However, when these courts find and cite a Swedish court of precedent decision concerning an issue relating to EU law, they do not consistely consider relevant CJEU case law.

  • 326.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, JohanUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    The Court of Justice of the European Union: multidisciplinary perspectives2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union celebrates sixty-five years and has thereby achieved retirement age in most EU Member States, including Luxembourg. If it were to retire, the Court would be able to look back at an exciting journey, from its relatively humble beginning on 4 December 1952 as part of the then brand-new European Coal and Steel Community to one of the most important and exciting judicial institutions in Europe, perhaps in the entire world.

    The need to understand the CJEU has never been greater. This volume is dedicated to improving our understanding of the Court in relationship to other actors, including other EU institutions, the Member State, national courts, third countries, and international organizations. It is based on a conference arranged by the Swedish Network for European Legal Studies (SNELS) held at Stockholm University in December 2016, and includes contributions by both lawyers and researchers in other fields, as well as current members of the Court.

  • 327.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Three Ideas: The Scope of EU Law Protecting Against Discrimination2012In: Festskrift till Pär Hallström: Volume in honor of Pär Hallström / [ed] Mattias Derlén & Johan Lindholm, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2012, p. 77-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of when EU law applies, its scope, is obviously important and yet it has no clear answer. Two extreme positions are that EU law has a general scope, which it does not, and that all EU law provisions have different scopes, which clarifies nothing. This article explores the middle ground by seeking to identify underlying ideas capable of explaining when different EU law provisions apply on the national level and why seemingly similar provisions differ in scope. The article studies under what conditions an individual seeking protection against discrimination can invoke EU law on the national level and concludes that EU law provisions preventing discrimination differ greatly in scope but that such differences can be explained by the fact that they are based on different ideas: the idea of the internal market, the idea of actor equivalence, or the idea of a Europe without borders.

  • 328.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    What happened to the revolution?: one decade with Trailers and MEQRs2019In: Festskrift till Örjan Edström / [ed] Ruth Mannelqvist, Staffan Ingmanson, Carin Ulander-Wänman, Umeå: Department of Law, Umeå University , 2019, p. 91-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2009 the CJEU delivered its judgment in the so-called Trailers case, offering a new perspective on the enigmatic ban on measures having an equivalent effect to a quantitative restrictions (MEQRs). Trailers was a positive, even necessary, development in an area fraught with complications but it left many questions as to the future direction of the CJEU. One decade on, and after several notable judgments, we are now in a position to return to those questions. This contribution explores the impact of Trailers and the relevance today of seminal MEQR decisions like DassonvilleKeck and Cassis de Dijon.

  • 329.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Markus, Naarttijärvi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Konstitutionell rätt2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en tid då skyddet för grundläggande rättigheter och värnet mot otillbörlig maktutövning blir allt mer aktuellt är den konstitutionella rättens betydelse för rättssystemet och rättsstaten påtaglig. De gränser som den konstitutionella rätten ställer upp för utövandet av offentlig makt ökar således i betydelse, men samtidigt blir det konstitutionellrättsliga läget allt mer komplext, inte minst på grund av europarättens inflytande.Konstitutionell rätt behandlar den konstitutionella rättens tre centrala teman:Maktdelning och andra förutsättningar för utövande av offentlig makt, skyddet för grundläggande rättigheter samt rättsligt genomdrivande av konstitutionellrättsliga normer. Utifrån dessa tre teman behandlar författarna konstitutionella bestämmelser med ursprung i svensk nationell rätt, EU-rätten och Europakonventionen om mänskliga rättigheter.Boken är anpassad för att kunna användas som lärobok på juristutbildningen, men riktar sig också till en bredare publik. Konstitutionell rätt är relevant läsning för såväl erfarna jurister som läsare som är intresserade av konstitutionella frågor mer allmänt.

  • 330.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Naurin, Daniel
    Political Science, PluriCourts, University of Oslo; Department of Political Science and the Centre for European Research (CERGU), University of Gothenburg.
    You’re Gonna Miss Me When I’m Gone!: The Impact of Brexit on Member States’ Contribution to the Case Law of the CJEU2019In: Europarättslig tidskrift, ISSN 1403-8722, no 3, p. 381-395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Brexit is scheduled to happen on October 31, 2019, and researchers have previously studied the impact of Brexit on relationships in the EU’s political institutions. This paper studies how Brexit might affect Member States’ interactions with the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and, more specifically, when they seek to influence the Court by submitting observations. The Untied Kingdom has consistently been a comparatively active Member State, submitting many observations. The paper introduces and employs a novel approach, studying what we call "mentions" in CJEU decisions, to measure position similarity in Member States' observations and to identify the UK's "allies" before the CJEU. The paper concludes the loss of the UK will be felt in particular in Germany, the Netherlands, Ireland and in the Nordic countries. 

  • 331.
    Derlén, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Rosvall, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Mirshahvalad, Atieh
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Coherence out of chaos: mapping European union law by running randomly through the maze of CJEU case law2013In: Europarättslig tidskrift, ISSN 1403-8722, no 3, p. 517-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [no]

    Recent research has demonstrated the ability of network analysis to better understand law. In this study we apply network analysis to the case law of the European Court of Justice (CJEU) in order understand its role as a source of law. In doing so, we apply network analysis tools not previously used in legal scholarship, most significantly (i) a modified version of the PageRank algorithm, (ii) the Map Equation, and (iii) resampling to infer “missing” links. In the article we demonstrate that this method can help us to understand not only the CJEU’s case law but law generally.

  • 332.
    Dobbertin, Adam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Intermittenta anställningar.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 333.
    Dziewulski, Maciej
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Child Marriages in the American State Idaho: Social and Legal Perspectives2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Child and teen marriages represent an important and very complex social and legal issue; even though the majority of literature is focused on developing countries, child marriages are also practiced and legalized in wealthy and developed countries like the United States. The focus of this study is the American state Idaho that bore the record for the highest rate of child marriages in the United States between 2000 and 2010. Scientific data pointed to many detrimental effects of early marriage for children, primarily higher risk of being a victim of abuse, and remaining within cycle of poverty. On the other hand, there are religion-based arguments that favor parental and legal exceptions in deciding child marriages. In following to scientific criticism of child marriages, some American states had decided to raise legal age for marriage. Idaho had defied this trend and recently rejected the proposed bill aimed at restricting legal age for marriage to 16 year olds. The most common factors that were identified as contributive to child marriages included poverty, residing in rural areas, and religion. These factors led to conflicting perceptions regarding legal status of child marriages in Idaho and; therefore, demands further investigating. The aim of this thesis was to identify not only the consequences of child marriages, but also its main contributive factors - poverty, religion, and living in rural vs. urban areas. The main research question; therefore, sought answers to: “What socio-legal factors are most contributive to child marriages (poverty, religion, and living in urban vs. rural areas) and which one ought to be prioritized in any attempts to legally regulate this practice in Idaho? The answer to research question is hoped to bring social and legal changes that will benefit the children in the state of Idaho and else ware. This qualitative and comparative analysis revealed that religious conservatism, primarily among Evangelical Protestants and Mormons, had the most contributing effect on child marriages in Idaho, with poverty and living in rural areas being secondary factors. Individual cases may differ, and/or contradict these findings. More detailed research would be required to complement these findings. The methodology of this project involved qualitative and comparative analysis. The primary research sources included scientific research/data, government data/reports, and NGO’s reports. The answer to research question is hoped to bring social and legal changes that will, above all, benefit the children in the state of Idaho and else ware.

  • 334.
    Eckerskog, Sven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Let's play fair - en jämförelse av Fair Use och svenska undantagsregler applicerat på Let's Play2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 335.
    Edenwill, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Förtroendebrist. Hur viktigt är det att man har arbetsgivarens förtroende för möjligheten att kvarstå i en anställning?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 336.
    Edgarsson, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Asylsökande barn2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 337.
    Edin Normark, Julia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Generationsskiften i fåmansföretag - skattemässiga förutsättningar enligt 3:12-reglerna.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 338.
    Edlund, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Målsägande eller vittne. När kan säljare av sexuella tjänster ses som målsägande vid brottet köp av sexuell tjänst.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 339.
    Edlund, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Tillfälliga uppehållstillstånd och våldsrelationer: om kvinnorna, våldet och jämställdheten i en migrationsrättslig kontext2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 340.
    Edlund, Maja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lönefordringar vid konkurs. Varför anses arbetstagares löner inte vara mer skyddsvärda?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 341.
    Edlund Palmaeus, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Justice for everyone: Corruption, impunity, trust in the justice system and the international community in Guatemala.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 342.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Aktuell avhandling om kvantitativ flexibilitet: Kort anmälan av Annika Bergs avhandling ”Bemanningsarbete, flexibilitet och likabehandling”, Lund 20082009In: EU och arbetsrätt, ISSN 1402-3008, no 1, p. 7-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 343.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Andreas Inghammar, ”Funktionshindrad – med rätt till arbete?: En komparativ studie av arbetsrättsliga regleringar kring arbete och funktionshinder i Sverige, England och Tyskland”2008In: Juridisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-7761, p. 956-961Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 344.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Law.
    Anställningsskydd och förändrade kvalifikationskrav i kunskapssamhället.2000In: Tvärvetenskapliga angreppssätt i rättsvetenskapen:: rapport från Nätverksfakultetens höstseminarium 27-29 november 1999, Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2000, p. 39-45Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Anställningsskydd och förändrade kvalifikationskrav i kunskapssamhället.: En undersökning av turordning och särskilt den funktion som regeln om tillräckliga kvalifikationer fyller i samband med uppsägningar pga. Arbetsbrist2001Book (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Arbetsrätt2011In: Arbetsrätt / [ed] Andersson Edström Zanderin, Liber AB , 2011, 5, p. 23-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Bemanningsarbete - både flexibelt och tryggt?2011In: Utblick och inblick: Vänbok till Claes Sandgren / [ed] Tom Madell, Per Bergling, Örjan Edström, Jan Rosén, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2011, 1, p. 153-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Bemanningsarbete - nya regler en inkörsport till arbetslivet för svaga grupper?2012In: Nedslag i den nya arbetsrätten / [ed] Birgitta Nyström, Örjan Edström, Jonas Malmberg, Malmö: Liber , 2012, 1 uppl., p. 119-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Bemanningsarbete – nya regler för flexibilitet och mot utanförskap för anställda i bemanningsföretag?2012In: Rätt, social utsatthet och samhälleligt ansvar: festskrift till Anna Hollander / [ed] Lotti Rydberg-Welander och Katarina Alexius, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2012, 1:1, p. 133-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Collective labour law in the Nordic countries: the relationship between individual employment contracts and state legislation2016In: Employee participation and collective bargaining in Europe and China / [ed] Jürgen Basedow, Chen Su, Matteo Fornasier and Ulla Likkunen, Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2016, p. 3-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article deals with labour law in the Nordic countries (Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Norway) and the challenges and impact from EU law. A conclusion is that labour law and the collective agreement model in the Nordic countries has been under pressure, and that significant changes in national law have been made. However, the Nordic model for industrial relations has shown good capacity for adapting to EU law, even if this adaptation has been made different in the Nordic countries.

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