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  • 301. Cigéhn, Göran
    et al.
    Mats, Johansson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Karlsson, Lena
    Klassamhällets återkomst: Om klassidentitet, arbetsliv och fritid vid tröskeln till ett nytt sekel2001Report (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Ciuchta, Olga
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Introduktion av nyanställda.: En kvalitativ studie om hur nyanställda ingenjörer på Företaget X upplever sin introduktion och hur introduktionen påverkar bilden av företaget.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktionen är en av de viktigaste arbetsprocesserna som avser att välkomna och slussa in den nyanställde i organisationen och arbetet på ett effektivt sätt. Den kan också vara avgörande för hur den nyanställde trivs, presterar och hur länge den stannar i organisationen. Med denna studie avsåg jag att undersöka hur introduktionsprocessen upplevts och påverkar de nyanställdas bild av en stor teknikintensiv kommunalägd verksamhet i Sverige. Studien tar sin grund i tidigare forskning om introduktion av nyanställda, behovsteorier, socialt stöd, det psykologiska kontraktet och employer brand. Sammanlagt har sju kvalitativa intervjuer med nyanställda ingenjörer genomförts där majoriteten av respondenterna har tidigare arbetslivserfarenhet från branschen och/eller en koppling till verksamheten sedan tidigare vilket visar sig ha viss betydelse för resultatet. Bearbetning och analys av datamaterialet har likheter med den hermeneutiska spiralen där tolkningen växer successivt och har genomförts med hjälp av meningskoncentrering. Respondenternas uttalanden kategoriseras i tre huvudteman som besvarar frågeställningarna. Resultatet visar på att respondenterna överlag är nöjda men att det finns en önskan om ökad systematik i introduktionsprocessen samt att införa fadderskap i en mer strukturerad form. Detta skulle förmodligen, utifrån teorier, ha en positiv inverkan på de nyanställdas produktivitet, trivsel samt företagets arbetsgivarvarumärke.

  • 303.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Being in the spaces where decisions are made: Reproductive rights advocacy and policy influence in two regions of Peru2009In: Social Movement Studies, ISSN 1474-2837, E-ISSN 1474-2829, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 427-447Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1990s, some segments of Latin American feminist movements shifted to advocacy strategies to influence government policies. Long-standing social movement theories predict that this tactical change to institutional means has two possible consequences for a movement: either it gains greater influence over policy arenas and becomes more effective in achieving outcomes, or it loses capacity to carry out protest tactics and becomes less effective in achieving outcomes. However, empirical studies on Latin American feminist organizations intervening in policies, and recent social movement theorizing, indicate that the relationship between social movements and policy influence is more complex. Moreover, these theories have been formulated based on empirical studies in contexts with established democratic frameworks and institutions. The study presented here employed Grounded Theory to examine inductively the research questions of how reproductive rights organizations carry out advocacy to influence government policies in Peru. Data was collected through participant observation and focus group discussions among two reproductive rights coalitions in the regions of Arequipa and Cusco. The findings indicate that the reproductive rights coalitions develop a multiplicity of interactions with government officials, as a means to influence policies through various channels and handle constraints on their ability to act as independent pressure groups. In addition, the findings show that the coalitions deal with a wide range of factors to influence policies: organizational capacity, advocacy strategies, issue frames, relationships with other policy actors as well as political and social aspects that facilitate or hinder advocacy. The study concludes that the relationship between social movements and policy influence is more complex than portrayed by long-standing theories. Instead, the findings are consistent with, and enhance the scholarship on Latin American feminist organizations involved in policies, as well as recent social movement theorizing that takes into account how various factors affect social movement influence on policies.

  • 304.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    How social movements influence policies: Advocacy, framing, emotions and outcomes among reproductive rights coalitions in Peru.2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With its origins in the early 1990s, feminist advocacy directed at influencing public policies is a relatively new phenomenon in Latin America that is commonly studied at the national level. The aim of this thesis was to study feminist advocacy on reproductive rights at the sub-national level in Peru. Specifically, it explored two research questions: how do feminist movements carry out advocacy to intervene with government agencies and what effects does their advocacy have on policies. This aim ties in with the body of literature that seeks to explain how and what outcomes are produced by social movements. Grounded Theory was used to collect and analyze empirical materials on two reproductive rights coalitions and their members in Arequipa and Cusco, Peru. Empirical materials consisted of focus group discussions, individual interviews and participant observation. Data analysis resulted in two core categories: Coalition-Government Interactions and Policy Outcomes. Linked to the core categories are thirteen categories, which constitute factors that the reproductive rights coalitions “deal with” or “strategize about” in order to interact with government officials and attain policy outcomes. The coalitions maneuver those factors they have immediate control over - tactics, organization, framing and emotions - as a means to deal with those factors they do not have immediate control over - relationships with other policy actors as well as political, cultural and social contexts. The findings help refine existing theories on how and what outcomes are attained by social movements. The coalitions and their members influence policies through various channels by developing an array of interactions with government officials. This allows the coalitions to handle potential constraints on their ability to be a critical voice. Political, cultural and social contexts are not the only external factors affecting the coalitions’ influence on policies. Another key external factor is their relationships with other policy actors comprised of a range of organized political and social groups. Concerning internal factors, the coalitions and their members rely on framing activities and emotion work in addition to organization and tactics. Indeed, the coalitions and their members engage in framing activities and emotion work by means of their relationships with other policy actors to influence policies. Finally, the coalitions perceive effects of their advocacy including, but not limited to, the modification of laws and policies. Instead, outcomes were identified along different stages of the policy process, including the impact of coalition frames on policy positions.

  • 305.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Practicing Gender and Race in Online Activism to Improve Safe Public Space in Sweden2018In: Sociological inquiry, ISSN 0038-0245, E-ISSN 1475-682X, Vol. 88, no 3, p. 510-534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to locate the social practices of activist groups online and clarify how they collectively practice gender and race. It draws upon a qualitative study of two locale-oriented groups that sought to improve safe public space in their respective cities in Sweden. Using Grounded Theory method, I observed and analyzed each group’s public Facebook site from initiation until decline or maintenance. The findings captured five routine behaviors done by the groups in a tacit manner: responding to a concrete incident,creating meaningful participation, fostering substantive debate, formulating a long-term vision, and questioning social hierarchies. Working with theories of social,gendered, and racialized practices, I analyze these behaviors as practices available to the activist groups to do, yet open for social change through their performance. Although all five practices were detected among both groups, the two groups performed them differently and this had consequences for their maintenance as well as their ability to challenge gender and racial hierarchies. The analysis makes an important contribution tosocial movement scholarship by showing how tacit and routine behavior forms the backbone of any collective action and is a crucial site for the (re)construction of social hierarchies.

  • 306.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Social Processes Underlying Movement Influence: Young Adult Feminist Activists’ Interactions with Professionalized Feminist Organizations in Ecuador and Peru2020In: The Sociological Quarterly, ISSN 0038-0253, E-ISSN 1533-8525Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite extensive research on the influence between social movements, knowledge remains limited to the basic social processes by which this occurs. This article locates these social processes in the accounts among young adult feminist activists in Ecuador and Peru. Qualitative interviews were conducted and analyzed among 21 young adult feminist activists from eight groups. The findings show how their feminist mobilizing was influenced by interactions with professionalized feminist organizations that were simultaneously inclusive and exclusionary. Three in/exclusionary interactions captured basic social processes whereby young adult feminist activists struggled to define modes of participation, organizational practices, and targets of engagement.

  • 307.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Collective caring: creating safety through interactions between young activist groups and young adults in Sweden2019In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 839-855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing research explores safety among young adults as a complex phenomenon in diverse social spaces. Nonetheless, it largely approaches perceptions of unsafety and safety strategies as discrete individual action. In this paper, we show how safety is created through the social interactions between young activist groups and their main target or audience, young adults. Our study aimed to explore how young adults created meanings and actions of safety within their activism. Grounded Theory method was use to collect and analyze qualitative interviews with young adults often social change groups located in two medium-size cities inSweden. To interpret our findings, we drew upon interactionist concepts of shared definitions and joint action [Blumer, Herbert.1966. “Sociological Implications of the thought of George Herbert Mead.” American Journal of Sociology 71 (5): 535–544]. Shared definitions challenged narrow notions of unsafety by identifying uniform categories and harmful stereotypes as the source of the problem, and thereby locating constraints upon the capacity ofdifferent groups of young adults to define situations as (un)safe. Joint action combined an immediate response of moving to where young adults were with an enduring response of being there for young adults. Combined, these constituted an overarching social process of collective caring, which we linked to Isabel Lorey’s [2015. State of Insecurity. London: Verso] concept of practices of caring.

  • 308.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Att ta plats/att ta tillbaka plats: att mobilisera för en trygg stad2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 97-98Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gender beliefs as a dimension of tactical choice: the 'Take Back the Night' march in Sweden2019In: Social Movement Studies, ISSN 1474-2837, E-ISSN 1474-2829, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 622-638Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two main explanations of tactical choice among social movements are repertoires of contention and characteristics of collective actors. Feminist theorizing suggests another dimension of tactical choice: the role of gender beliefs. This paper examines the relationship between these three explanations by drawing on a qualitative study that explored how activist groups in Sweden selected the 'Take Back the Night' (TBTN) march as a tactic. Begun in the 1970s, the TBTN march has been performed around the world, usually on central city streets at nighttime, to protest gender violence in spaces presumed to be gender neutral and safe for women. Our findings resulted in three themes that captured how activist groups selected it as a tactic: a routine performance in publicly visible urban settings, alignment with preferred forms of feminist organizing, and refusal of normalized fear and violence in the seemingly safe city. Each theme corresponded to one of the three explanations and shed light on a different dimension of tactical choice. We propose three heuristic tools for identifying these dimensions: making claims, enacting claims and reclaiming spaces. The different dimensions relate to distinct conceptions of power: centralized authority, movement agency and gender power relations respectively.

  • 310.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schnabel, Annette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Emotions matter after all: how reproductive rights advocates orchestrate emotions to influence policies in Peru2011In: Sociological perspectives, ISSN 0731-1214, E-ISSN 1533-8673, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 665-688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emotions clearly matter in social movements, but it is less apparent how social movement participants actively handle emotions in their line of activities. In this article, the authors address this question by examining how two reproductive rights coalitions in Peru employ and manage emotions in relation to different actors who they must deal with to influence policies. Empirical materials consist of participant observation, focus groups, and individual interviews conducted with the coalitions and their members. Grounded theory was used to analyze the data. The authors distinguish relationships with five relevant actors: the internal members of the coalitions, allies, the general public, the Catholic Church as the major opponent, and government officials as the main target. As each relationship requires distinct emotion work, coalition members simultaneously adjust to contradictory emotional expectations while actively evoking and coordinating emotions. The authors refer to this as the orchestration of emotion work.

  • 311.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A novel approach to citation normalization: a similarity-based method for creating reference sets2015In: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 2330-1635, E-ISSN 2330-1643, Vol. 66, no 3, p. 489-500Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A similarity-oriented approach for deriving reference values used in citation normalization is explored and contrasted with the dominant approach of utilizing database-defined journal sets as a basis for deriving such values. In the similarity-oriented approach, an assessed article's raw citation count is compared with a reference value that is derived from a reference set, which is constructed in such a way that articles in this set are estimated to address a subject matter similar to that of the assessed article. This estimation is based on second-order similarity and utilizes a combination of 2 feature sets: bibliographic references and technical terminology. The contribution of an article in a given reference set to the reference value is dependent on its degree of similarity to the assessed article. It is shown that reference values calculated by the similarity-oriented approach are considerably better at predicting the assessed articles' citation count compared to the reference values given by the journal-set approach, thus significantly reducing the variability in the observed citation distribution that stems from the variability in the articles' addressed subject matter.

  • 312.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Science mapping and research evaluation: a novel methodology for creating normalized citation indicators and estimating their stability2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to contribute to the methodology at the intersection of relational and evaluative bibliometrics. Experimental investigations are presented that address the question of how we can most successfully produce estimates of the subject similarity between documents. The results from these investigations are then explored in the context of citation-based research evaluations in an effort to enhance existing citation normalization methods that are used to enable comparisons of subject-disparate documents with respect to their relative impact or perceived utility. This thesis also suggests and explores an approach for revealing the uncertainty and stability (or lack thereof) coupled with different kinds of citation indicators.This suggestion is motivated by the specific nature of the bibliographic data and the data collection process utilized in citation-based evaluation studies.

    The results of these investigations suggest that similarity-detection methods that take a global view of the problem of identifying similar documents are more successful in solving the problem than conventional methods that are more local in scope. These results are important for all applications that require subject similarity estimates between documents. Here these insights are specifically adopted in an effort to create a novel citation normalization approach that – compared to current best practice – is more in tune with the idea of controlling for subject matter when thematically different documents are assessed with respect to impact or perceived utility. The normalization approach is flexible with respect to the size of the normalization baseline and enables a fuzzy partition of the scientific literature. It is shown that this approach is more successful than currently applied normalization approaches in reducing the variability in the observed citation distribution that stems from the variability in the articles’ addressed subject matter. In addition, the suggested approach can enhance the interpretability of normalized citation counts. Finally, the proposed method for assessing the stability of citation indicators stresses that small alterations that could be artifacts from the data collection and preparation steps can have a significant influence on the picture that is painted by the citationindicator. Therefore, providing stability intervals around derived indicators prevents unfounded conclusions that otherwise could have unwanted policy implications.

    Together, the new normalization approach and the method for assessing the stability of citation indicators have the potential to enable fairer bibliometric evaluative exercises and more cautious interpretations of citation indicators.

  • 313.
    Colliander, Cristian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Ahlgren, Per
    Department of Statistics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Comparison of publication-level approaches to ex-post citation normalization2019In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 120, no 1, p. 283-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we compare two sophisticated publication-level approaches to ex-post citation normalization: an item-oriented approach and an approach falling under the general algorithmically constructed classification system approach. Using articles published in core journals in Web of Science (SCIE, SSCI & A&HCI) during 2009 (n=955,639), we first examine, using the measure Proportion explained variation (PEV), to what extent the publication-level approaches can explain and correct for variation in the citation distribution that stems from subject matter heterogeneity. We then, for the subset of articles from life science and biomedicine (n=456,045), gauge the fairness of the normalization approaches with respect to their ability to identify highly cited articles when subject area is factored out. This is done by utilizing information from publication-level MeSH classifications to create high quality subject matter baselines and by using the measure Deviations from expectations (DE). The results show that the item-oriented approach had the best performance regarding PEV. For DE, only the most fine-grained clustering solution could compete with the item-oriented approach. However, the item-oriented approach performed better when cited references were heavily weighted in the similarity calculations.

  • 314.
    Colliander, Cristian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ahlgren, Per
    Department of e-Resources, University Library, Stockholm University.
    Experimental comparison of first and second-order similarities in a scientometric context2012In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 90, no 2, p. 675-685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The measurement of similarity between objects plays a role in several scientific areas. In this article, we deal with document–document similarity in a scientometric context. We compare experimentally, using a large dataset, first-order with second-order similarities with respect to the overall quality of partitions of the dataset, where the partitions are obtained on the basis of optimizing weighted modularity. The quality of a partition is defined in terms of textual coherence. The results show that the second-order approach consistently outperforms the first-order approach. Each difference between the two approaches in overall partition quality values is significant at the 0.01 level.

  • 315.
    Colliander, Cristian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ahlgren, Per
    Department of e-Resources, University Library, Stockholm University.
    The effects and their stability of field normalization baseline on relative performance with respect to citation impact: a case study of 20 natural science departments2011In: Journal of Informetrics, ISSN 1751-1577, E-ISSN 1875-5879, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 101-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we study the effects of field normalization baseline on relative performance of 20 natural science departments in terms of citation impact. Impact is studied under three baselines: journal, ISI/Thomson Reuters subject category, and Essential Science Indicators field. For the measurement of citation impact, the indicators item-oriented mean normalized citation rate and Top-5% are employed. The results, which we analyze with respect to stability, show that the choice of normalization baseline matters. We observe that normalization against publishing journal is particular. The rankings of the departments obtained when journal is used as baseline, irrespective of indicator, differ considerably from the rankings obtained when ISI/Thomson Reuters subject category or Essential Science Indicators field is used. Since no substantial differences are observed when the baselines Essential Science Indicators field and ISI/Thomson Reuters subject category are contrasted, one might suggest that people without access to subject category data can perform reasonable normalized citation impact studies by combining normalization against journal with normalization against Essential Science Indicators field.

  • 316.
    Cornelius, Barbara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Landström, Hans
    Persson, Olle
    Sociology.
    Entrepreneurial Studies: The Dynamic Research Front of a Developing Social Science2006In: Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 375-398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship research has been built upon a historical foundation grounded in economic change. To understand the development of the field, it is useful to understand the motivations and interests of key scholars and to trace the linkages between these scholars and other authors, from the transient to the contributor. This has been done through a bibliometric analysis of research articles cited between 1982 and 2004. Entrepreneurship has developed from a subdiscipline of management studies reliant on alien terms and cognitive methods toward a separate field with increasing complexities of its own. While not fully mature, entrepreneurship shows all the signs of a maturing field from its increasingly internal orientation and the establishment of key areas of research through to an enhanced, discipline-specific, theoretical approach with a professional language of its own.

  • 317.
    Cornelius, Barbara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Persson, Olle
    Sociology.
    Who's who in venture capital research2006In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 142-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A bibliometric analysis of research papers in venture capital reveals an increasing interest over time by researchers across a broad spectrum of business disciplines. It also reveals the dominance of North American, particularly American researchers who entered the field early. Interestingly, the analysis demonstrates that two schools of entrepreneurial research compete for dominance in the venture capital framework. Much of the core research, the knowledge base, crosses disciplinary lines but is developed, from there-on, in a discipline specific fashion.

    Researchers whose primary interest is in finance and economics use quantitative, neo-classical models almost exclusively and publish, with the exception of the most cited authors, solely in economics and finance journals. These researchers tend to be more successful at achieving internal university funding for their projects while the second group, publishing in journals dedicated to management and entrepreneurship research, uses a broader array of theoretical techniques, apply both quantitative and qualitative methodologies and are more often funded externally. The core group of researchers, with reputations supported by large numbers of citations, appear to be able to raise funds both internally (through university bodies) and externally.

  • 318.
    Cosic, Ivana
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Åberg, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    ”Plötsligt var medelhavet i Umeå”: Ideellt engagerade individers motivation i kontexten av en hastig samhällsförändring2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska välfärdssamhället präglas av ett utbrett medborgerligt engagemang i form av ideellt arbete. Motivation till ett ideellt engagemang kan variera beroende på individ, situation och samhällskontext. Under 2015 kom en flyktingström till Sverige som innebar nya utmaningar för samhället. Många av flyktingarna ville inte söka asyl i landet och klassades därför som irreguljära flyktingar. Den svenska staten har inga direkta skyldigheter mot irreguljära flyktingar vilket skapade ett behov som ideellt engagerade fick täcka upp för. Trots avsaknaden av juridiska skyldigheter kände människor ändå en moralisk skyldighet att agera på ett sådant sätt som ansågs främjade för allmänhetens bästa. En ideell handling kan betraktas som en gåva och ska tolkas i den sociala kontext den utförs i. Ideellt engagemang relateras också till ett socialt utbyte där de engagerade individerna förväntar sig att få något tillbaka från engagemanget. Motivationen till att ge en gåva eller delta i ett utbyte kan grunda sig både i inre och yttre faktorer. Syftet med denna uppsats har därför varit att undersöka vad det är som motiverar människor att engagera sig ideellt vid en hastig samhällsförändring som skapat nya sociala behov. För att undersöka syftet har sex djupintervjuer utförts med ideellt engagerade inom verksamheten Refugees Welcome som assisterade flyktingarna på deras resa genom Sverige. Resultat visar på att olika delar och grupper i samhället påverkas på olika sätt vid en hastig samhällsförändring. Majoriteten av civilsamhället mobiliseras till förmån för att täcka upp behoven samtidigt som det finns individer med skilda åsikter som går samman och tillsammans organiserar ett motstånd mot de ideella insatserna. Den största faktorn för människors motivation vid en samhällsförändring är känslan av att vilja hitta en lösning och erbjuda stöd för de drabbade människorna. Den snabba uppstarten innebar ett löst organiserat nätverk som ledde till organisatoriska utmaningar. Utmaningar och motgångar användes som motivationsfaktorer för de ideellt engagerade individerna. Under engagemangets gång spelade stöd och uppskattning från omgivningen in som centrala drivkrafter till ett fortsatt engagemang.

  • 319.
    Cottino, Amedeo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Slavmarknad - eller om lagens effektivitet: en studie av den grå arbetskraften1973Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 320. Cudjoe, Ebenezer
    et al.
    Abdullah, Alhassan
    Chua, Aniceta Aranzanso
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Children's Participation in Child Protection Practice in Ghana: Practitioners' Recommendations for Practice2019In: Journal of social service research, ISSN 0148-8376, E-ISSN 1540-7314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) includes provisions to ensure that children and young people participate in decisions affecting their lives. Ghana ratified the convention in 1990 making a commitment to review its child protection policies and legislation in compliance with provisions in the UNCRC. Yet, national policies and legislation do not include practical guidelines to promote children's participation in the child protection process. Thus, this qualitative study presents findings from in-depth interviews with 15 child protection practitioners on their views about some practical guidelines to promote children's participation in child protection. Data from the interviews were subjected to constructivist grounded theory analysis. The study findings revealed the age of the child, separate room for children, creating a friendly environment and education as some important factors for practitioners to consider in promoting participatory practices for children. Child protection policies and legislation in Ghana should include these suggestions to ensure that children's views are heard in the child protection process. To realize the overarching goal of achieving active child participation in child protection, further research may focus on the views of parents and children on how to develop culturally relevant strategies to promote child participation.

  • 321.
    Dahlberg, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    LL-böcker på bibliotek: en studie av bibliotekariers förmedlingsarbete av lättläst litteratur2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka hur bibliotekarier arbetar för att förmedla LL-böcker till dess potentiella läsare. Jag har velat skapa en förståelse för vilka problem som kan omge denna litteraturform sett från bibliotekariernas perspektiv. Undersökningen bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer med bibliotekarier på sammanlagt sex olika bibliotek, tre stadsbibliotek och tre filialer, i Västerbottens och Norrbottens län. Jag har använt mig av grundad teori som metod för att genomföra undersökningen. Resultatet visade att LL-böcker ofta är ett eftersatt område på biblioteket. Detta beror delvis på att det inte alltid finns någon som är ansvarig för denna litteraturform. Studien visade också att bibliotekarierna hade dålig kunskap om LL-böckernas användningsområden och den breda och differentierade målgruppen. Till stor del förklarades detta genom resursbrister, men det visades även att bibliotekariernas personliga intresse och engagemang för LL-böckerna är en avgörande faktor för att förmedlingsarbetet ska fungera.

  • 322.
    Dahlberg, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ericsson, Madeleine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Upplevelser av pulshöjande aktiviteter och arbetsmiljö: En studie vid ett Telecomföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning var att utreda hur ett telecomföretag i Umeå kommun arbetar med arbetsmiljöfrågor samt hur de anställda upplever den fysiska och psykosociala arbetsmiljön vid arbetsplatsen. Företaget har knappt 100 anställda varav 20 av dessa är anställda vid kundserviceavdelningen i Umeå. Vidare ska uppsatsförfattarna undersöka effekterna hur implementeringen av pulsklockor har upplevts av de anställda.Ett induktivt angreppssätt med en kvalitativ forskningsmetod valdes till genomförandet och utformningen av undersökningen. Utifrån en semistrukturerad intervjuguide genomfördes tre intervjuer, varav två var fokusgruppsintervjuer med de anställda vid telecomföretagets kundserviceavdelning. Den tredje intervjun genomfördes med kundservicechefen. Undersökningen innebar en utredning av den fysiska och psykosociala arbetsmiljön samt företagets systematiska arbetsmiljöarbete utifrån ett medarbetarperspektiv. Vidare undersöktes vilken inverkan medarbetarna upplevde att implementeringen av pulsklockornas hade. De övergripande resultaten visade att den fysiska arbetsmiljön har stora brister vad gäller lokalen. Trängsel, dålig ventilation och höga ljudnivåer är följden av en kraftig expansion av företaget. Medarbetarna upplever dock ej den fysiska arbetsmiljön som ett större problem, då den psykosociala arbetsmiljön är så pass god. De upplever stöd från varandra och närmsta chefer, vilket bidrar till att de kan hantera brister i den fysiska arbetsmiljön. Företagets dokumentation kring systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete saknar i stora drag den dokumentation som krävs, vilket uppsatsförfattarna anser beror på bristande kunskap kring ämnet. Avslutningsvis visade resultatet på att medarbetarna inte ansåg att pulsklockor hade gett någon större effekt, varken positiv eller negativ.

  • 323.
    Dahlberg-Grundberg, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Digital media and the transnationalization of protests2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in communications technology have transformed how social movements might mobilize, and how they can organize their activities. This thesis explores some of the geographical consequences of the use of digital media for political activism. It does this by focusing on the transnationalization of protests. The aim is to analyse how movements with different organizational structures and political scopes are affected by their use of digital media. This is done with a specific focus on how digital media use influences or enables transnational modes of organization and activism. The thesis comprises four different case studies where each study examines a social movement with a specific organizational structure. There are, however, also important similarities between the movements. In each study, somewhat different perspectives and methodological approaches are used. Some of the methods used are semi-structured interviews, content analysis of written data (retrieved from Facebook as well as Twitter), and social network analysis.

    The analysis indicates that digital media do have a role in the transnationalization of protest. This role, however, differs depending on what type of social movement one studies. The organizational structure of social movements, together with their specific forms of digital media use, influences how the transnationalization of protests and movements is articulated and formed. In cases where a social movement has a hierarchical organizational structure, there is less transnationalization, whereas in social movements with a more non-hierarchical organizational structure one sees more transnationalization. The thesis concludes that the transnationalization of protests is affected by social movements’ organizational structure. The more decentralized the social movement, the more vibrant the transnational public. In order to explain how transnational social movements, using digital media, can emerge in cases where geographical distances might make such coalitions unlikely, the thesis introduces the notion of affectual proximity. This concept helps us understand how transnational social movements, connecting actors from all over the world, can emerge through digital media. 

  • 324.
    Dahlberg-Grundberg, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hybrid political activism and the online/offline divide2013In: Hybrid media culture: sensing place in a world of flows / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Routledge, 2013, p. 67-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Dahlberg-Grundberg, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Technology as movement: on hybrid organizational types and the mutual constitution of movement identity and technological infrastructure in digital activism2016In: Convergence. The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, ISSN 1354-8565, E-ISSN 1748-7382, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 524-542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New communication technologies bring about new ways for political groups and movements to mobilize and organize. A consequence of this might be that established interpretations of and attitudes towards social movements may have to be revisited, for example, when it comes to their internal constitution and their modes of working. This interview case study looks at the digital activist cluster Telecomix and its interventions during the Arab Spring. The study addresses how the network used technological and communicational infrastructures and platforms and how it was organizationally affected by these. By using concepts such as ‘one media bias’, ‘media ecology’, ‘hybridity’ and ‘cognitive praxis’, the article aims to conceptualize how the identity of a movement and its technological infrastructure mutually constitute each other.

  • 326.
    Dahlberg-Grundberg, Michael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Lindgren, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Translocal Frame Extensions in a Networked Protest: Situating the #IdleNoMore hashtag2014In: IC: Revista Científica de Información y Comunicación, ISSN 1696-2508, E-ISSN 2173-1071, Vol. 11, p. 49-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to examine how locally situated social movements can use social media to deploy translocally networked forms of protests. The study looks at the Canadian Idle No More movement, an indigenous and environmental grassroots initiative that emerged around the end of 2012 and the beginning of 2013 as a reaction to previous neglect of indigenous groups and to the omnibus bill proposal C-45 (which threatened both the partial sovereignty of indigenous territories and the Canadian environment). Focusing on the -decentralized and heterogeneous- movement’s Twitter use in general, and the employment of the hashtag #idlenomore in particular, the study examines to which extent and how Twitter may be a means for establishing bonds between geographically dispersed social movements.

  • 327.
    Dahlberg-Grundberg, Michael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Lundström, Ragnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Lindgren, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Social Media and the Transnationalization of Mass Activism: Twitter and the labour movement2016In: First Monday, ISSN 1396-0466, E-ISSN 1396-0466, Vol. 21, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the labour movement organization LabourStart, a digital initiative that, by various means such as e-mail campaigns and social media use, seeks to promote workers’ rights and to strengthen the labour movement on a global scale. The main aim of this study is to analyse a) how LabourStart employs Twitter for communication and organisation and b) how the Twitter-sphere that LabourStart constitutes — and is constituted by — is geographically structured. Our dataset consisted of all tweets containing the word “labourstart” and all tweets coming from or addressing any LabourStart–related account during the period 2008–2015. As theoretical points of departure, the notions of transnationalization/translocalism were used, in part together with the concept of connective action, to conceptualise the research. In terms of methodology, network analysis was the main approach employed to obtain and visualise the findings. Our results indicate that LabourStart’s Twitter use does not seem to have had any effects in terms of creating a decentralised transnational movement with translocal traits, thus suggesting that LabourStart has failed to fully make use of the connective features of Twitter and to establish a decentralized, transnational union movement. This, we suggest, is to some extent caused by LabourStart’s centralized organizational — and thus communicational — structure. In the concluding section, we interpret our findings in broader terms relating to the context and history of labour movements, and we discuss LabourStart’s work in relation to local and global worker issues.

  • 328.
    Dahlberg-Grundberg, Michael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Örestig, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Extending the local: activist types and forms of social media use in the case of an anti-mining struggle2017In: Social Movement Studies, ISSN 1474-2837, E-ISSN 1474-2829, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 309-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As political activists increasingly use social media in local protests, scholars must redirect attention from large-scale campaigns to scrutinize the ways in which geographically confined actors use social media to engage in protests. This paper analyses how a 2013 anti-mining campaign in Kallak, Sweden, combined on-site resistance with social media strategies via Facebook-pages. The study examines which activist roles and forms of social media use that emerged and aims to explore what larger practical and theoretical implications one can derive from this specific case of place-based struggles. Results show that three typologically distinct activist roles emerged during the protests: local activists, digital movement intellectuals and digital distributors. These different types of actors were involved in four different forms of social media use: mobilization, construction of the physical space, extension of the local and augmentation of local and translocal bonds. Based on our findings, we argue that the coming together of these different activist roles and the different uses of social media added a translocal dimension to the peripheral and physically remote political conflict in Kallak. Media users were able to extend a locally and physically situated protest by linking it to a global contentious issue such as the mining boom and its consequences for indigenous populations.

  • 329.
    Dahlblom, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    Herrera Rodríguez, Andrés
    Peña, Rodolfo
    Dahlgren, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Home alone: children as caretakers in León, Nicaragua2009In: Children and society, ISSN 0951-0605, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 43-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to explore and understand the life situations of sibling caretakers in poor areas in León, Nicaragua. The every day lives for caretakers were studied through observations and interviews with children, informants and parents. The children themselves were satisfied and proud to be trusted as caretakers and felt useful in contributing to their families' livelihood. However, in a life course perspective the caretaking role implies a narrowing of life options. Early on they seem to acquire essential life skills but as they grow older many are at risk of falling behind due to their marginalised situation and lack of basic education.

  • 330. Dahlborg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Lewensohn, Danielle
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sundberg, Carl Johan
    To invent and let others innovate: a framework of academic patent transfer modes2017In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 538-563Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous papers on university patenting and commercialisation have mapped the patent ownership landscape at a variety of academic institutions. Despite these efforts, there is still a scarcity in empirical evidence in terms of how patented academic inventions are commercialised over time. This paper extends previous work on academic commercialisation by tracing patent ownership transfers longitudinally. We develop a conceptual framework of academic patent transfer modes that distinguishes between patents transferred through the efforts of the researchers themselves (autonomous mode), through university support intermediaries (bridge mode) or via companies (corporate mode). The framework makes it possible to record knowledge transfer between academic inventors and external innovators at the time of invention (t0), patent filing (t1), and any subsequent time point (tn). Our results indicate that a majority of the patented inventions are transferred from the inventors to outside-of-academe entities. The results show that small and medium-sized companies are the largest absorbers of academic patents. The findings have potential implications for benchmarking of universities and development of more targeted internal innovation support.

  • 331.
    Dahlgren, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Samhällsplanering och lokalsamhälle: en sociologisk analys av den sociala samhällsplaneringens möjligheter och begränsningar, illustrerad av tre ortsstudier i Norrbottens län1984Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to make a contribution to the creation of more efficient social planning. It has been formulated in the following way: 1. To describe how social planning has developed in Sweden and what role sociological knowledge has played in this process. 2. To analyse thè social causes of this development. 3. To illustrate the development of our society througt the study of three communities in the county of Norrbotten. These empirical studies serve a double purpose. They are examples of the kind of planning-tools for which this dissertation argues. They are also meant to throw a light on the specific social evolution, which has created different forms and contents in the planning process. A tangible starting point for the dissertation is to establish the fact that social planning has expanded rapidly after the inter-war pe-riod-both in form and substance and the development is characterized by centralisation and division into sectors. In other words, it is distinguished by increased vertical and horizontal division of labour. During the seventies, however, a growing criticism of this process was articulated, particularly from two directions: agencies in the social sector and districts in the periphery-areas which begin to experience the consequences of structural rationalisation. Among other things they want more social and qualitative planning to take place. An increasing interest in sociological knowledge can be seen as a response to this criticism. After that three normative possibilities of development is presentated on the assumption that social planning for the time being is characterized by centralisation as well as division into sectors. The argumentation aims to show how one of the normative possibilities, a co-ordination between de-centralization and a reduced division into sectors, can make public planning more effective. Furthermore two aspects of the^efficiency problem are discussed. The first perspective is based on productivity and deals with the question to what extent social planning activities are producing optimum knowledge from investigated resources. The other perspective focuses on the ability of social planning to help citizens form an opinion of political decisions. This discussion is a theoretical background to the normative recommendations for planning methods (community studies as a complement to social planning)which follows. The planning methods are illustraded by three community studies carried out in Korpilombolo, Seskarb and Rosvik, all three communities in the most northern county of Sweden, Norrbotten. The collection of data took place within the framework of the pilot project: Social development planning in the county of Norrbotten. The theoretical frame of reference of these studies is based on the concept 'Way of Life', which is defined as the totality of peoples' destinies, activities,everyday life and relationsship. The way of life in the three villages is outlined and compared in three dimensions, activities, needs and resources. Finally future studies following on from this dissertation is suggested, for instance, 'ex-post' estimates regarding actual consequences of applied com-munity studies.

  • 332.
    Dahlqvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Johansson, Viktoria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Med säkerheten i fokus.: En kvantitativ studie om medarbetarnas rapporteringsbenägenhet på Volvo GTO i Umeå.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Volvo Group Truck Operations i Umeå arbetar med arbetsmiljö och säkerhet på arbetsplatsen genom en så kallad säkerhetspyramid. Säkerhetspyramiden baseras bland annat på medarbetarnas rapportering av osäkert agerande och osäkert förhållande. Syftet med pyramiden är att identifiera risker och förhindra arbetsplatsolyckor. Baserat på rapporteringsstatistik och teoretiska antagandena i säkerhetspyramiden finns en anledning att tro att det förekommer en underrapportering. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om det fanns en underrapportering av osäkert agerande och osäkert förhållande bland kollektivanställda på presshallen och kaross. Om underrapportering förekom var målet att kartlägga vilka faktorer som låg till grund för detta samt om faktorerna skilde sig åt. En enkätundersökning genomfördes med syfte att undersöka hur medarbetarnas rapporteringsbenägenhet såg ut samt identifiera orsaksfaktorer. Resultatet visade att underrapportering förekom både för medarbetarna på presshallen och kaross. Av de faktorersom låg till grund för detta var huruvida medarbetarna upplevde att det var accepterat att rapportera, om åtgärder från rapporteringen skett, om rapportering bidrog till att förhindra en arbetsplatsolycka samt produktionsledarnas inställning gentemot säkerhetsarbetet.

  • 333.
    Dahlström, Sanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Man eller kvinna i VK?: En studie om hur män och kvinnor framställs i tidningen VK samt vad för genusdiskurser som förekommer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Medier speglar inte verkligheten utan förmedlar endast gestaltningar av verkligheten som människor kommer i kontakt med mer eller mindre dagligen. Journalister väljer och väljer bort vad som ska få utrymme och vad som inte ska få det. Bläddrar man igenom dagstidningar får man lätt intrycket att kvinnor får mindre utrymme än män trots att Sverige anses som mer jämställt än de flesta länder.Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att se hur fördelningen mellan män och kvinnor ser ut i tidningen VK när det gäller artiklar och bilder inom områdena sport och kultur & nöje. Uppsatsen ämnar även att se till vilka genusdiskurser som förekommer.För att besvara frågeställningen tillämpas två olika metoder, en kvantitativ innehållsanalys och en kvalitativ kritisk diskursanalys.Studien utgår från dagordningsteorin och gestaltningsteorin som menar att media innehar en makt genom att de bestämmer vad och hur något framställs.Resultaten visar att när det gäller antal artiklar och bilder i de berörda områdena, är kvinnor underrepresenterade, vilket bekräftar det somtidigare forskningvisar. Diskursen präglas av att män framställs som självständiga subjekt som innehar makt medan kvinnor framställs somsjälvkritiska, ej självständiga och passiva.

  • 334.
    Damm, Susanne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Norén, Susanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Vägar till överlevnad.: En kvalitativ studie avseende hur åtta företag inom privat sektor förhåller sig till och bemöter förändrade förutsättningar för att överleva på marknaden.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien avser att ur ett ledningsperspektiv undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar privata företag samt hur företagen arbetar för att vara flexibla och skapar förhållningssätt i relation till dessa. Vidare vill vi jämföra det empiriska materialet med det teoretiska resonemang som producerats i den vetenskapliga arenan för att bidra med insikter som kan utveckla forskning inom området. Det empiriska resultatet bygger på åtta kvalitativa intervjuer med representanter från HR-funktionen i företag inom privat sektor. Både resultat och vetenskaplig genomgång har visat på variationer av såväl påverkan som förhållningssätt. Företagens val av förhållningssätt eller strategi har gjorts med bakgrund av varierande orsaker och har lett till olika effekter beroende på verksamhetsspecifika förutsättningar. Detta medför svårigheter avseende definitionen av vad som påverkar, hur det påverkar samt hur företag bör förhålla sig. Vissa strategier visade sig fungera bra i en typ av verksamhet medan samma typ av strategi inte påstods vara möjlig i andra. Sammanfattningsvis kan vi konstatera att företagens möjlighet att förhålla sig till förändrade förutsättningar utgör deras överlevnads förmåga. Vidare har det visat sig att detta omfattar både företagets flexibilitet och dess förmåga att minska flexibilitetsbehovet.

  • 335.
    Danell, Jenny-Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    From disappointment to holistic ideals: a qualitative study on motives and experiences of using complementary and alternative medicine in Sweden2015In: Journal of Public Health Research, ISSN 2279-9028, E-ISSN 2279-9036, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 125-132, article id 538Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recent studies indicate increased use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in western societies, to ameliorate health problems. Even if there is substantial research on general patterns of use, there is limited knowledge on individual motives. This study contributes to a qualitative understanding of experiences of choosing and using CAM. Design and methods: This study consists of in-depth interviews with 10 CAM users in Sweden. The participants represent different backgrounds and experiences of using CAM. The interviews have been analysed in accordance with content analysis. Results: In analysing experiences of choosing and using CAM four main themes were identified: frustration and critique, values and ideology, individual responsibility, and combining treatments. In general, the participants were highly reflexive on issues concerning their health. They highlighted their own role and responsibility, combined a variety of treatments, and continuously dealt with questions on risks, even if they had relatively different approaches to if and when to use CAM. The results also show that motives may change over time. Even if initial choices were closely related to frustration and critique of conventional treatments (for example, by perceiving conventional health care as limited, not receiving proper diagnoses, or being critical to conventional drugs) was long-term use motivated by ideological characteristics of CAM (such as holistic and individualized treatments, and extensive interaction with practitioners). Conclusions: Four main themes, concerning experiences of choosing and using CAM were identified. This study also supports the idea that initial motives for choosing CAM may differ from those explaining long-term use.

  • 336.
    Danell, Jenny-Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    "I Could Feel It!": A Qualitative Study on How Users of Complementary Medicine Experience and Form Knowledge About Treatments2019In: Journal of Holistic Nursing, ISSN 0898-0101, E-ISSN 1552-5724, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 338-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine how users of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) experience various forms of treatments, form knowledge about them, and understand the boundaries between CAM and conventional health care.

    METHOD: Semistructured qualitative interviews, with 10 CAM users in Sweden, analyzed with qualitative content analysis and quantitative network analysis, and subsequent network visualizations.

    FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION: The main findings stressed the importance to CAM users of bodies and physical experiences, both in experiencing and forming knowledge about treatments. Physical experience was often contrasted with theoretical understanding. Another key finding was that the CAM users seemed to set up different standards for conventional and public health care and CAM. Although scientific explanations were considered as generally important for legitimacy, and conventional health care was expected to be evidence based, they were less important to personal use and in the use of CAM. In these cases, firsthand experience of positive effects were decisive.

  • 337.
    Danell, Richard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stratification among Journals in Management Research: A Bibliometric Study of Interaction between European and American Journals2000In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 23-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tho key features of science are its rapid growth and its continuous differentiation. The establishment of new journals can be seen as an expression of both growth and differentiation. In this study of the network among management journals, the focus is on forms of differentiation, i.e., the relationship between stratification and specialization in a network of journals. The question asked in this study is whether the different position of American and European journals corresponds with different levels of specialization. A tendency toward such a structuration of the journal network would indicate an interregional integration of management research. Articles published in six of the most influential American and European journals covering the period from 1981 to 1998 have been downloaded. The findings in this study indicate that even though European journals formed a periphery in relation to the American journals in terms of clearly asymmetrical exchange relations, it was the European journals that seemed to be more comprehensive in scope. The tendency during the investigated period indicated differentiation in terms of segmentation rather than specialization.

  • 338.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Can the quality of scientific work be predicted using information on the author's track record?2011In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 62, no 1, p. 50-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries are moving towards research policies that emphasize excellence; consequently; they develop evaluation systems to identify universities, research groups, and researchers that can be said to be “excellent.” Such active research policy strategies, in which evaluations are used to concentrate resources, are based on an unsubstantiated assumption that researchers' track records are indicative of their future research performance. In this study, information on authors' track records (previous publication volume and previous citation rate) is used to predict the impact of their articles. The study concludes that, to a certain degree, the impact of scientific work can be predicted using information on how often an author's previous publications have been cited. The relationship between past performance and the citation rate of articles is strongest at the high end of the citation distribution. The implications of these results are discussed in the context of a cumulative advantage process.

  • 339.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Evaluating research organizations’ contribution to science is not the same task as evaluating the performance of their scientists2016In: Journal of Informetrics, ISSN 1751-1577, E-ISSN 1875-5879, Vol. 10, p. 655-657Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In their article “A farewell to the MNCS and like size-independent indicators” Abramo and D’Angelo argue that size-independent indicators are not suitable for assessing research performance; due to productivity differences among researchers and universities the use of size-independent indicators can distort rankings. Since I previously made a similar argument, I partly agree with the authors. However, I do not believe that assessing performance in terms of efficiency is the only important task for evaluative scientometrics. An equally important task is to assess the value of scientific contributions, and evaluating research organizations’ contribution to science is not the same task as evaluating the performance of their scientists.

  • 340.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Geographical diversity and changing communication regimes: A study of publication activity and international citation patterns2013In: Social Science in Context: Historical, Sociological, and Global Perspectives / [ed] Rickard Danell, Anna Larsson & Per Wisselgren, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2013, p. 177-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 341.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Hur har de forskarutbildades arbetsmarknad förändrats?2004In: En ny doktorsutbildning: kraftsamling för excellens och tillväxt, 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kartläggning av kriminalpolitiskt relevant forskning i internationella tidskrifter2004In: Brottsförebyggande kunskapsutveckling, 2004, p. 273-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kartläggning av kriminalpolitiskt relevanta forskningsprojekt2004In: Brottsförebyggande kunskapsutveckling, 2004, p. 259-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Koncentration eller omfördelning: trender rörande fördelning av forskningsrådens medel2008In: Forskningsfinansiering - kvalitet och relevans: Betänkande av Utredningen om utvärdering av myndighetsorganisationen för forskningsfinansiering, Stockholm , 2008, p. 203-216Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Productivity differences influence Swedish universities’ citation-based university rankings: Ananalysis of the relationship between work productivity and citation performance2013In: Translational Twists and Turns: Science as a Socio-economic Endeavor / [ed] Sybille Hinze & André Lottmann, Berlin, 2013, p. 96-103Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The argument presented in this study is that when the quality of the researchpapers being produced from two organizations is the same, researcher from one organization can still be seen as the higher performer in terms of citations.The differences are in their work productivity. This is defined as the number of produced units per unit of work. This study shows that there are differences in the work productivity among Swedish universities and that the ranking of universities changes when these differences are accounted for. I also demonstrate that researchers belonging to organizations with greater workproductivity are also more likely to produce highly cited papers.

  • 346.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Starka forskare och starka forskningsmiljöer vid nya universitet och högskolor2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I rapporten presenteras en kartläggning av starka forskare och starka forskningsmiljöer vid nya universitet och mindre högskolor. Rapporten består av två delstudier. I den första delstudien jämförs forskning vid yngre och äldre svenska lärosäten med forskning vid yngre och äldre brittiska lärosäten. Eftersom forskningsaktiviteten vi yngre universitet och högskolor är under uppbyggnad är en jämförelse enbart med äldre svenska universitet missvisande och det är därför motiverat att undersöka hur yngre och äldre svenska lärosäten presterat när de jämförs med yngre och äldre brittiska lärosäten. Jämförelsen med de brittiska lärosätena har gjorts med avseende på citeringsgenomslag, produktionsvolym, specialiseringsgrad och internationella samarbeten. I rapportens andra delstudie jämförs ett urval av yngre svenska universitet och högskolor med avseende på fördelningen av starka forskare och starka forskargrupperingar.

  • 347.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The contribution of authors: A study of the relationship between the size and composition of author teams2014In: Context counts: Pathways to master big and little data / [ed] Ed Noyons, Leiden, the Netherlands: Leiden university , 2014, p. 123-131Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 348.
    Danell, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Unga och social exkludering - en kartläggning av forskning om effekter av ungdomsinsatser2007In: Ungdomsstyrelsens skrifter, ISSN 1651-2855, no 5, p. 7-29Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 349.
    Danell, Rickard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Engwall, L.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The first mover and the challenger: The relationship between two journals in organization research1997In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 445-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many new journals are started in response to increasing specialization and limited space in existing journals. In this study two journals in organization research are studied,Administrative Science Quarterly as the first mover in the field andOrganization Studies as the challenger. It is shown that the new journal gradually differ from the old in terms of the national origin of its authors as well as the documents cited. It is concluded that the scientific journal market may not mirror the copy-cat behaviour found among newspapers or companies in other markets.

  • 350.
    Danell, Rickard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Henriksson, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Kan forskning ha stordriftsfördelar?2008In: Onkologi i Sverige, no 2, p. 32-40Article in journal (Refereed)
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