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  • 301.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Hansen, Högni
    Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Geography Section, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Winther, Lars
    Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Geography Section, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Employment growth and regional development: industrial change and contextual differences between Denmark and Sweden2017In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 25, no 10, p. 1756-1778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the potential drivers behind uneven regional development in the context of employment growth in Denmark and Sweden. In particular, we are interested in the roles of urbanization, industrial change and the rise of the new economy as manifested in the growth of the two economies in 2002–2007. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to analyse the impact of a number of key industrial sectors on regional employment growth in the two countries. The empirical analysis is based on longitudinal matched employer–employee data retrieved from official registers in each economy from 2002 to 2007, a period of strong national growth following the crisis of early 2000. Our findings indicate that the two economies follow a similar pattern in addressing total employment growth; but looking at changes in employment levels across the national borders of these two relatively similar open economies, we find that, although in general these economies react relatively similarly to changes, embarking on a narrower analysis of the individual sectors reveals marked national differences. This indicates that context matters in the analysis of regional economic dynamics in terms of structure, system and policy. 

  • 302.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Hansen, Høgni Kalsø
    Department of Geography and Geology, University of Copenhagen.
    Industries, skills and human capital: how does regional size affect uneven development?2013In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 593-613Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses how the composition of industry structures, skills and human capital is related to regional development in peripheral and central locations. We do this by means of OLS models to analyse the relationship between purchase power growth and employment growth between 2001 and 2008 as well as a selection of variables constructed via register data of the total population in Sweden. The analysis demonstrates an evident spatial division of post-industrial development that larger regions benefit relatively more from than smaller regions do. The empirical findings indicate that a transition towards more knowledge intensive sectors and a higher educated labour force has the strongest impact on development in the largest Swedish regions, while a transition from manual skills towards more creative skills shows only a positive relationship with development in medium size regions. Consequently, the paper argues that the recent appraisal of the knowledge based economy mainly benefits the largest urban regions, meaning that regional size is an important parameter when discussing trajectories of regional development and the adaption to contemporary economic development paths.

  • 303.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Hansen, Høgni Kalsø
    Department of Geography and Geology, University of Copenhagen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    The importance of business climate and people climate on regional performance2014In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 8, no 6, p. 1135-1155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity and talent are considered key-factors in regional development due to the connection between growth, city regions and human capital. To come to a deeper understanding on the relevance of recent amenity-driven theories and how they are related to employment and GRP at regional level, this paper analyses the influence of business-climate (business friendly assets) and people-climate (amenities). Based on panel-data regressions, we show that both business- and people-climate is related to regional performance. The exact nature of these relationships is however dependent on how both regional performance and business- or people climate is defined.

  • 304.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Henning, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Otto, Anne
    Institute of Employment Research (IAB).
    Industrial and geographical mobility of workers during industry decline: the Swedish and German shipbuilding industries 1970–20002016In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 75, p. 87-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article follows the industry employment histories of all individuals who at some point have been affiliated with the declining German or the dismantling Swedish shipbuilding industry during 1970–2000. We analyse the situation of the individual workers leaving shipbuilding, investigating the extent to which they were employed at all, tended to move to related sectors within or outside the region, and whether such moves were beneficial for the individuals. Combining insights from labour geography and redundancy studies with evolutionary economic geography, we find remarkably similar results for the West German and Swedish cases. Our findings indicate a notable impact of the regional industry structure on the labour market outcomes for workers leaving shipbuilding. This suggests that more attention should be devoted to the specific structures of the absorptive capacity of regional labour markets. The findings are discussed within the context of a mature industry.

  • 305.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Henning, Martin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Otto, Anne
    Institute for employment research (IAB), Saarbrucken .
    Regional and industrial mobility of workers leaving mature industries: A study of individuals who exit the Swedish shipbuilding industry 1970-20002014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper follows the industry employment histories of all individuals at some point affiliated with the dismantling Swedish shipbuilding industry 1970-2000. We analyse the situation of the individual workers leaving shipbuilding through investigating to what extent they were employed at all, tended to move to related sectors inside or outside the region, and whether such moves were beneficial for the individuals. By cross-using German and Swedish data, our findings indicate a notable impact of regional industrial structure on the movement and success of individuals, and that individuals moving from shipbuilding to related sectors benefit more from moving than others. 

  • 306.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Lengyel, Balazs
    Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    Co-worker networks and agglomeration externalities2019In: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 95, no 1, p. 65-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article provides an initial systematic analysis of how social networks influence productivity in regional agglomerations. This is accomplished by means of matched employer–employee data for the entire Swedish economy for the period 1990–2008, allowing us to construct a weighted co-worker network with aggregated tie weights on the plant level. We find evidence that increasing density of the plant-level network has a positive effect on productivity, particularly in large regional industry-clusters with high degrees of specialization. Triadic closure of ties is, however, negatively linked to productivity, suggesting the importance of nonredundant knowledge. Moreover, we find only limited support for the notion that the diversity of linkages within or across regions as such is beneficial for productivity. Instead, we show that the degree of specialization conditions the extent to which both linkages to related industries in the region and nonlocal ties are beneficial. Our results thus suggest that having dense social networks is a crucial feature of high-performing agglomerations, and that interindustry, as well as interregional, linkages are compensatory in cases when sufficient industry specialization is absent.

  • 307.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Rodriguez-Posé, Andrés
    Department of Geography and Environment, London School of Economics, London, UK.
    Job-related mobility and plant performance in Sweden2017In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 83, p. 39-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a Swedish micro-dataset containing 2,696,909 hires during the period 2002-2006 to assess the impact of job-related mobility on plant-level performance. The analysis classifies new recruits according to their work experience and level of formal qualification, as well as by the region of origin and of destination. New hires are divided into graduates and experienced workers and between high- and low-educated. The results point towards the importance of acknowledging both the experience and the skills of new recruits. The greatest benefits are related to hiring new workers from outside the region where the plant is located. The analysis also stresses the importance of geography, with plants in metropolitan regions gaining the most from labour mobility, while the benefits of mobility for plants in smaller, more peripheral regions are more diverse and dependent on both the type and origin of new workers.

  • 308.
    Ewa, Axelsson Lantz
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Naturresurser, sågverksbolag och bönder: konflikter i Västernorrland 1863-19062018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the nineteenth century, competition over forestland and waterways grew in Northern Sweden. This increased the pressure on existing institutions of natural resource governance. It culminated with a ban on private acquisition of woodland from smallholders in 1906. This thesis deals with how the local communities handled the institutional challenges of this process. I study two geographical areas connected to different stages in the chain of production, from the inland of standing timber to the downstream sawmills. Previous research states that the sawmill industry in this region used its position in local governments to gain economic advantages. The number of votes were related to the value of one’s property and income, which put forest and factory owners in a favorable political position. Another claim from previous works is that the local courts, in general, constituted a place for settling local natural resource conflicts in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The two research questions extracted from this are: What role did formal political and legal institutions play in managing conflicts about natural resource use? What disagreements occurred in the different parts of the sawmill industry's production chain? The aim is to better understand natural resource conflicts between the local community and the sawmill industry, across the production chain, in the county of Västernorrland, 1863-1906. To capture the regional differences, I study one industrial municipality – Gudmundrå, and one raw material municipality – Junsele. An iterative methodological approach is used. I find that the local government was not a significant arena for natural resource matters, in contrast to what could be intuitively expected from the literature. Sawmill companies did use their politically dominant position to influence the local community, however not in matters of resource management in this case. The local court was more important. These conflicts were often about property rights regarding contracts and the use of waterways and forestland, and damages imposed by this. Local farmers often initiated cases. This is in line with what the literature suggested on the role of local courts as the arena for settling private economic matters among locals. However, the nature of the conflicts changed over time and differed vastly between the two geographical areas. The results show that the conflict types were different in Gudmundrå and Junsele due to their geographical location, which provided a ground for different links of the sawmill value chain. The results also reveals that key institutional changes were characterized of both top-down and bottom-up processes. One example is local farmers who were involved in the processes of setting the terms for log driving routes. They served as an important link of the value chain that connected the raw materials to the saw mill industry’s production.

  • 309.
    Felton, Adam
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Nilsson, Urban
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sonesson, Johan
    Skogforsk.
    Felton, Annika M.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Ahlström, Martin
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Bergh, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Björkman, Christer
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Boberg, Johanna
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Drössler, Lars
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Fahlvik, Nils
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Gong, Peichen
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Holmström, Emma
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Klapwijk, Maartje
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Lundmark, Tomas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Niklasson, Mats
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)/Foundation Nordens Ark.
    Nordin, Annika
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Pettersson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Stenlid, Jan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Wallertz, Kristina
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Replacing monocultures with mixed-species stands: Ecosystem service implications of two production forest alternatives in Sweden2016In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, p. 124-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas there is evidence that mixed-species approaches to production forestry in general can provide positive outcomes relative to monocultures, it is less clear to what extent multiple benefits can be derived from specific mixed-species alternatives. To provide such insights requires evaluations of an encompassing suite of ecosystem services, biodiversity, and forest management considerations provided by specific mixtures and monocultures within a region. Here, we conduct such an assessment in Sweden by contrasting even-aged Norway spruce (Picea abies)-dominated stands, with mixed-species stands of spruce and birch (Betula pendula or B. pubescens), or spruce and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). By synthesizing the available evidence, we identify positive outcomes from mixtures including increased biodiversity, water quality, esthetic and recreational values, as well as reduced stand vulnerability to pest and pathogen damage. However, some uncertainties and risks were projected to increase, highlighting the importance of conducting comprehensive interdisciplinary evaluations when assessing the pros and cons of mixtures.

  • 310. Ficko, Andrej
    et al.
    Lidestav, Gun
    Ní Dhubháin, A
    Karppinen, Heimo
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    European private forest owner typologies: a review of methods and use2019In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 99, p. 21-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing diversity of non-industrial private forest owners (PFOs) in Europe has been recognized by policy makers and the forestry sector at large. Typologies of these owners have been developed to provide an understanding of the diversity of owners' attitudes, values, beliefs, management objectives and behaviour. We analyzed PFO typologies from 28 European countries published from 1985 to 2015 in peer-reviewed journals and grey literature with respect to 1) research approaches and methods used; 2) typology objectives and problems addressed; 3) policy and management recommendations given. Using an on-line questionnaire we asked the first authors of the most relevant publications to retrospectively assess 4) the use of their typologies in education, science and forest policy. Most of the 66 publications reviewed share the common objective of providing a better understanding of forest ownership. Typologies were also developed to address roundwood mobilization, delivery of public goods, forest management approaches, involvement in PFO associations and entrepreneurship. The most common methodological approach was quantitative where owners were grouped by k-means clustering into 2 to 6 types and labelled with various names. Most frequently used labels were Multiobjective owners, Recreationists, Investors, Farmers, Indifferent owners, Conservationists, Multifunctional owners and Self-employed owners. Policy implications remain vague. The typologies had mostly been used in teaching and occasionally by politicians, civil servants or stake-holders. Only a half of the typologies had a follow-up study or was updated over time by the authors. After decades of classifying PFOs, it seems necessary to explore the link between typologies and forest owners' overt behaviour.

  • 311.
    Fjellström, Amanda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    ”Bilen behövs i Åkersberga men in till Stockholm åker man kollektivt": En kvalitativ studie av kollektivtrafiken i Österåker kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Public transportation is important today due to all the problems connected to the use of cars. To avoid these problems like pollution and traffic jams people need to use the public transportation systems more frequently. Many people today are used to the idea of their cars as a primary way of transportation due to the flexibility it provides. To make them think twice before using the car they need to find a sustainable and flexible substitute to the car, maybe public transportation could be that.

    This thesis aims to identify possibilities for development in the public transportation system. To do so some inhabitants in the municipality of Österåker have been interviewed about their opinion towards the public transportation. The results from the interviews have been thematically coded to be able to find common themes within the answers. The results show that the public transportation system is sufficient to use when commute to and from work, but not adequate enough within the municipality during leisure time or trips for service. This could mirror the opinions of the interviewed inhabitants that the public transportation is time consuming and lack flexibility. To work around these the municipalities and the public transportation companies need to work together to be able to change people’s views and behavioral towards the public transportations.

  • 312.
    Flemström, Karl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Förutsättningar för mellankommunal översiktsplanering Örnsköldsvik–Umeå: En tematisk dokumentanalys2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 313.
    Form, Niclas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Bicycle hazards: Do intersections matter?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish city of Umeå is one amongst other cities that has a focus on the increase in the bicycling usage. The municipality of Umeå aims to make public transport, bicycling and walking the most frequently used modes of transport in the city (Umeå kommun, 2017b). There are both positive and negative effects when people are using the bicycle as a mode of transportation. The positive aspects can be increase in health benefits, more environmentally friendly than other transport options and it is a relatively cheap way to transport oneself. The negative aspects can be that more people get hurt due to the risks with bicycling such as physical infrastructure related hazards. The aim of this thesis is to explore if the number of roads in an intersection has any correlation with the amount and severity of accidents and to analyse it in the scope of sustainable development and accessibility. This was done with the quantitative database STRADA which consists of both hospital data and police data on bicycles accidents in the timespan of 2008-2018. The chosen study area was Umeå but with two more specific locations: the city centre and the campus area. Two different approaches were used to utilize the data from STRADA: GIS to create descriptive maps and calculations of the bicycle accidents and logistics-regressions to investigate the accident severity relation to a certain number of chosen variables. The main findings were that it is important that every aspect of bicycling should be as safe as possible otherwise many beneficial effects with bicycling may disappear, such as the ones with sustainable development and accessibility. The results show that there was one type of intersection that had relevance and that was the intersections with three roads in it. Three road intersections were significant in two ways. The first way was that it caused an increased risk in more severe accidents and the second way had an opposite relationship and this was depending on what type of geographical place one was looking at. As with other risk factors there were many variables that affected the outcome of the risk. In Umeå it seemed that people that were over age 39, accidents with vehicles and winter were factors alongside with the three road intersections.

  • 314.
    Forsberg, Helen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Kommunala satsningar på̊ kulturhus: - En fallstudie om kulturhuset Väven i Umeå kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 315.
    Forsberg, Magdalena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Vägens betydelse för turismen: En studie om den nya E4:ans påverkan på Sundsvalls hotellmarknad2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the importance of road connection to the hotel businesses of a destination. Many destinations request a reconstruction of a connected road route due to different reasons. In this case, the highway E4 Sundsvall has undergone a road route change. The main reason why this action was requested was because the highway was affecting people's health from vehicle emissions, due to being located too close to the society. This study intends to examine the direct effects of the rerouting of the road.

    The road that earlier passed through the center of the city is now located outside of Sundsvall. This relocation was conducted mainly due to high amounts of emissions from passing vehicles. Other factors were however also included in the decision to reroute the road. A lot of research shows that there is a strong connection between transport and tourism. This could indicate that this new road location might affect the tourism flow to Sundsvall in a negative way since less people now have to drive through the city. To examine this case, documentation from the project have been studied to understand the expected outcomes of the project. Previous research studies has also been used to gain a deeper understanding of the subject, so that comparisons and analyses can be made in this paper. Passenger statistics across the bridge of Sundsvall has also been collected. This data is used to see the activity on the road, and thus be able to draw back to the purpose of the study. The results however shows that the hotel market in Sundsvall has seen a rise in guest nights and occupied rooms since the new road construction. The project of Sundsvall E4 and previous studies implies the development of a destination. In conclusion, the increase in hotel sales might be linked to city development. This means that in the end, the road route change seems to have a positive connection to the hotel market in Sundsvall, not directly but indirectly because of the changes the city has undergone due to the relocation of the new E4 highway.

  • 316.
    Forserg, Josefina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    Olika journalsystem - ett hot mot patientsäkerheten?: Vad är Sammanhållen journalföring2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 317.
    Forslind, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    Medicinteknisk påverkan på sjukvårdens omorganisation vid Visby Lasarett: Hur har tekniken inom medicinskt område påverkat omorganisation inom hälso- och sjukvården?2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 318.
    Forslund, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    How do universities contribute to employment growth?The role of human capital and the analytical,synthetic and symbolic knowledge bases.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 319.
    Forslund, Josefine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Exploatering i landsbygdens attraktiva lägen: En studie över befolkningsförändringen och nybyggnationer på Umeå kommuns landsbygd2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization has had a negative impact on rural development, and also places great demands on urban environments. The rural population is decreasing and has negative consequences for the public services, and cities may, among other things, has problems with keeping up with the housing demands. Sweden's rural policy is working with different initiatives and support for sustainable development in rural areas and how to increasing the population base. In 2009, a law change was implemented which increased the possibilities for Swedish municipalities to grant exemption from strandskyddet in areas with low population development in order to offer an attractive waterfront location for both living and businesses.

    The purpose of this study was to map and analyse recent population development in the Umeå municipality's rural area between the years 2005-2016, focusing on new construction and the dispensers from strandskyddet. This is through a deductive quantitative method where statistics on the total population as well as localization of building permits for housing construction and given dispensers from strandskyddet in Umeå municipality have been studied and mapped.

    The result from this studie shows that the population change in Umeå municipality's rural area has generally increased closest to Umeå city and decreased in the areas furthest from Umeå city. Building permits for new housing construction also take place mainly around Umeå city, and over time there has been some concentration towards the coast. There is no clear connection between the location of the areas with given dispensers from strandskyddet and the municipality's LIS areas. The areas with given dispensers from strandskyddet are mainly at the municipality's coast and the urban coastal area. 

  • 320.
    Forsman, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    Kostförändringar och vårdkostnader i teori och praktik: en jämförande studie med hjälp av en begränsad allmän litteraturstudie och en kvantitativ2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 321.
    Forsman, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    Svenska statens och livsmedelsindustrins interaktion ur ett påverkansperspektiv med fokus på mejerinäringen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska jordbrukssektorn och staten kom att arbeta sida vid sida under stora delar av 1900-talet. Staten subventionerade grupper inom jordbrukssektorn för att tillgodose den svenska efterfrågan och samtidigt förse befolkningen med den kost som staten bedömde vara av värde för en god samhällsutveckling. Mjölkfrämjande organisationer var mycket framgångsrika i sin marknadsföring, och staten befrämjade mjölkkonsumtionen. Ekonomen George Stigler har en teori om att de stora företagen påverkar myndigheterna att agera på ett sätt som gynnar företagen. Stigler uppdelar de åtgärder som företagen önskar av staten i fyra huvudgrupper. Professor Robert Cialdinis teorier om påverkan har sedan använts för att hitta möjliga påverkanssituationer. En översiktlig beskrivning av statens och livmedelssektorns interaktion under 1900-talet fram till idag med fokus på mjölksektorn ligger som grund för mitt arbete. Hänsyn tas också till tidigare kritik vid betraktande av de olika samarbets-formerna mellan staten och livsmedelsindustrin/mejerinäringen för att om möjligt identifiera potentiella påverkanssituationer. Resultatet visar att staten har bidragit med de fyra tjänster som Stigler menar att företagen önskar från staten. Utifrån Cialdinis påverkansmönster hittas flera potentiella påverkanssituationer. Sammantaget bedömer jag att förutsättningarna har funnits för att livsmedelsindustrin och mejerinäringen kan ha påverkat staten att agera till förmån för industrin.

  • 322.
    Forsman, Hampus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    ”It is a huge wealth with languages and cultures”: Administrative Municipalities and Minority Languages in Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will focus on the seven Swedish administrative municipalities that administer at least two of the three official minority languages in Sweden. Those languages are Finnish Meänkieli (Torne Valley Finnish) and Saami languages and all of these languages are territorially bound to the northernmost area in Sweden. The thesis depart from a new law (SFS 2009:724) that went into practice in 2010. The new law is based on new directives from the European Council to promote and protect regional- and minority languages which is part of a change of paradigm where the value of minority languages has been emerging. This will be investigated by using the ecology of languages-theory which is both described in a global setting and in the Swedish context as well. Language planning is also included to illustrate what is needed to increase status for minority languages. The data collection method for this thesis has been interviews where minority language officials from all seven municipalities included in this thesis are represented.

                          From this thesis it become evident that the language planning theory is important when studying this subject. To some extent also the ecology of language theory can be applied regarding these issues on minority languages in the Swedish setting. The respondents in this thesis only had positive opinions on the new legislation even though there are some things which could develop. For instance the respondents said that they could see minorities that have become more proud and willing to show their minority language and culture. Some of the most important conclusions from this thesis are that an overall perspective is important for the minority languages. Also, the majority population should get the opportunity to understand the minority situation and learn about their language and culture.

  • 323.
    Forss, Linnéa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Flyttprocessens påverkan på identiteten – utveckling eller avveckling?: En fallstudie kring flytten av Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården i Kiruna2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate and analyze how three different actors linked to the urban transformation in the city of Kiruna, in this case LKAB, the Municipality of Kiruna and the County Administrative Board of Norrbotten, believe that the identity of a historical monument that is marked cultural heritage is affected by future relocation. The second part of the study is to investigate the impact the building might have on the city in the future. This study is based on the relocation of Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården.

    The study is based on a qualitative approach in which five informants from the three actors were interviewed. The interviews have been analyzed through thematic analysis, where a combination of theoretical thematic analysis and empirical thematic analysis was used.

     

    The result shows that the new location of Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården is preferred to be in a suitable context close to other cultural buildings. All informants agree that accessibility is a fundamental element in, which a synergistic effect is an increase in visitor numbers. Since the greatest value around Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården is Hjalmar Lundbohm and his deeds, the identity can still be passed on even though the place is not the same. The informants agree that it is important with cultural references in a city so people have something to relate to.

  • 324.
    Frandsen, Albin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Flyttare i Mora kommun: En GIS analys över interna flyttmönster2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Miun and ETOUR.
    Boman, Mattias
    SLU.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Mattsson, Leif
    SLU.
    Economic values in theSwedish nature-based recreation sector: a synthesis2012In: Tourism Economics, ISSN 1354-8166, E-ISSN 2044-0375, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 903-910Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research synthesis reports the main findings from a review of economic values associated with nature-based recreation in Sweden. The purpose of the work was to support policy and to identify areas for future research. Data came from over 150 scientific publications and other public sources. The authors find inter alia a lack of systematic data for several recreation activities (including naturebased tourism), a significant growth in the outdoor equipment industry and a relatively modest economic involvement by the public sector. The information is structured under different categories to illustrate the significance and range of different economic values. The authors conclude that there is a need for more comprehensive and systematically collected data, methodological development and interdisciplinary research.

  • 326.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    MIUN.
    Boman, Mattias
    SLU.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Svensson, Bo
    Lindberg, Kreg
    Friluftslivet i samhällsekonomin2013In: Friluftsliv i förändring: Resultat från ett forskningsprogram. Slutrapport / [ed] Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke, Klas Sandell, Anders Mossing, Naturvårdsverket, 2013, p. 161-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 327.
    Fridell, Nils
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Svenska stål- metall- och järnverks oljeberoende och tillväxt 1967-19832015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker stål- metall- och järnverkens oljekonsumtion och tillväxt under 1967-1983 i korrelation till massa- och pappersindustrin och tidigare forskning. Det sammanställda statistiska resultatet visar att stål- järn- och metallverken minskade sin oljekonsumtion med totalt 27,5 % från 1967 till 1983. Vidare kunde det bekräftats att sektorns produktions-volymer ökar med 14 % under samma tidsperiod. Således kunde även stål- järn- och metallsektorn minska sitt oljeberoende samtidigt som de ökade sina produktionsvolymer.

    Ett antal aspekter nämndes som förklaringsmodeller, bland annat statliga investeringar i företagens energiutveckling och företagslokaler. De tekniska innovationerna av betydelse anses vara INRED-metoden, ELRED-processen, ekologiska förbättringar av användandet eldningsoljor, slurryinjektioner samt övergången från oljeeldade ugnar till elektrisk apparatur.

    Oljeberoendet utgjorde en väldigt stor del av sektorns energianvändning, nästan lika mycket som koks, som utgör sektorns huvudsakliga energikälla. Genom tekniska innovationer, ombyggnationer av befintliga maskiner, nya demonstrationsanläggningar samt statliga bidrag kunde oljeberoendet minskas över tid. Sammanfattningsvis menar studien att stål- järn- och metallsektorn delade en snarlik produktions- och energiutveckling som massa- och pappersindustrin.

  • 328.
    Frodlund, Emil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Who is taking care of the passenger?: Are there any motives for a governmental funded passenger organization in Sweden?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden lacks a powerful advocate who can represent the passengers in the public transport sector. In conjunction with the liberalization of the public transport market, the bus and rail services that have been opened up for competition and the allocation of responsibility within public transport has been divided into a several amount of actors. The liberalization has been positive for the passengers by a wider supply of transport services and also resulted in new service incentives. Within the commercial rail traffic market there is now a variety of tickets in different price ranges. The railway has also been vertical separated into operating traffic and infrastructure management, which have resulted in uncertain accountability at disruptions, for passengers such as the traffic operators. Since the Swedish Transport Administration Trafikverket nowadays procures the maintenance of the railway, the authority has been criticized losing control over their facility.

    The new Public Transport Act was introduced in 2010 and provides the local and regional public transport to be procured by the regional public transport authorities. They decide which traffic in the region that should be offered as obligated service that will be subsidised. The state has been reticent in interfering with the regional authorities but has simultaneously in several governmental investigations identified shortcomings in public transport, for example in the systems for ticketing and information. On voluntary bases the industry has been collaborated since a long time for developing such common platforms but the progress has been slow. However the actors introduced a common digital portal for information and ticketing in January 2015.

    In Denmark and in the United Kingdom there are governmental funded passenger organizations today that comprise operations in quality measurements of public transport and offering support to vulnerable passengers. The organizations are trying to achieve improvements in supply, or demand economic compensation for the passengers in case of traffic disruption.

    With the Government's recent appropriation direction to Trafikverket, the authority now may support non-profit organizations activities that harmonize with the national transport policy objectives, which mean that financial support could be disbursed to the non-profit passenger organization Resenärsforum, which is the leading passenger organization in Sweden today. An establishment of a new authority, to ensure the passengers' interests would require a more comprehensive governmental investigation. Rather, the state needs to take responsibility by establishing a national traffic service program that could clarify the division of responsibilities among existing authorities. That could also comprise commission for actors, as well public as private, for example in operation passenger information at traffic disruptions.

  • 329.
    From, Pethra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    En åldrande befolkning och en könssegregerad arbetsmarknad: En fallstudie av Lycksele kommun2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 330.
    Frykholm, Karl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Strategier för fritidshusturism? En översikt av Sveriges kommuner2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate policies regarding second home planning in the Swedish municipalities. To do so content analysis was conducted on the regulation document called översiktsplan (translated into English layout plan, land-use plan or sketch plan) of all 290 Swedish municipalities. The ´översiktsplan´ is a document containing directions, policies, guidelines and recommendations for land use in the municipality. Swedish law dictates that all municipalities must have such a document.

     

    This study addresses the phenomenon second homes and second home tourism in the perspective of the destination, in this study represented by the Swedish municipalities regulation document called översiktsplan. Previous research has been taken into account, both concerning Sweden, the Nordic countries and countries in different parts of the world, to describe the phenomenon. The study aims to describe municipality´s characteristics and to analyse the geographical placement of the municipality. This is done by plotting a map over Sweden with the municipalities classified depending on their degree of policies regarding second homes. Then, a comparison with the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions classification of Swedish municipalities 2017 was made to analyse the characteristics of municipalities having policies for second homes.

     

    Of the 290 (100 %) Swedish municipalities there are 217 (74,8 %) that have made policies and preparations regarding second homes and these directions are shown in the översiktsplan. The result shows a clear pattern within the Swedish municipalities regarding directions, policies, guidelines and recommendations concerning second homes. Municipalities containing a minor urban area that accommodate less than 40 000 inhabitants and geographically placed nearby an urban area containing more than 40 000 inhabitants, nearby a ski resort or by the shoreline do have a higher preparation and planning regarding second homes. 

  • 331.
    Fuller, Tony
    et al.
    University of Guelph.
    Larsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Pletsch, Carolyn
    University of Guelph.
    Insights from Comparing the Community Futures Program in Ontario with LEADER in Sweden: A Qualitative Assessment of Policy and Practice in Two Government-Sponsored Rural Development Programs2010Report (Other academic)
  • 332. Futter, Martyn N.
    et al.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Ellison, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Pettersson, Maria
    Strom, Anna
    Andersson, Elisabet
    Nordin, Jessica
    Lofgren, Stefan
    Bishop, Kevin
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Forests, Forestry and the Water Framework Directive in Sweden: A Trans-Disciplinary Commentary2011In: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 261-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is an ambitious piece of legislation designed to protect and improve water quality throughout Europe. However, forests are only mentioned once in the WFD, and forestry is not mentioned at all, despite its potential implications for streams, rivers and lakes. Here we present a transdisciplinary commentary on the WFD and its implications for forests and forestry in Sweden. This commentary has been prepared by forestry stakeholders, biophysical and social scientists. While we were cognizant of a large body of discipline-specific research, there are very few inter-or trans-disciplinary commentaries which link academic and stakeholder perspectives on the WFD. We had originally felt that there would be little commonality in our concerns. However, we found significant areas of agreement. Our key areas of concern about the implications of the WFD for forestry in Sweden included: (i) concerns about what is meant by good ecological status and how it is assessed; (ii) a perceived lack of clarity in the legal framework; (iii) an inadequate environmental impact assessment process; and (iv) uncertainties about appropriate programs of measures for improving water quality. We were also concerned that ecosystem services provided by forests and the positive effects of forestry on water quality are inadequately recognized in the WFD.

  • 333.
    Gadeborg, Josefine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Politisk Instabilitet och Turism: Vad händer när kontrollen försvinner?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 334.
    Gahm, Lisa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Parkeringsstrategier: Ett verktyg i arbetet mot hållbart resande?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades car use and car ownership has increased significantly. This has caused problems of traffic congestion, air pollution and noise disturbance. Creating an attractive society that is socially, economically and ecologically sustainable has consequently become more important in planning. By implementing parking policies the amount of parking spaces can be controlled. This can affect the traveling patterns and the choice of transport mode, which furthermore can contribute to sustainable mobility. For that reason the aim of this study is to illustrate how three municipalities in Sweden work with parking strategies and if or how these strategies contribute to sustainable mobility.

    By studying parking documents and complementing interviews through thematic analyse in Västerås, Luleå and Umeå, parking strategies are identified. Furthermore the identified strategies are categorised by Banisters (2008) theories of sustainable mobility to determine which strategies that can contribute to sustainable mobility. A literature study is also made to get an overview of the knowledge within the subject regarding parking strategies.

    The result shows that the studied municipalities work with several parking strategies that contribute to sustainable mobility, although the municipalities are recommended to work further with strategies that relates to technical development and increased public awareness. Themes that are identified within the data are; sustainable transport, parking-fee, and time-regulation, lower amount of car parks and effectivization. Furthermore the result demonstrates several parking strategies within the themes, which shows some similarities and some differences from each other, depending on the municipality. 

  • 335.
    Gainza, Coralie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Socio-economic Selective Migration and Counter-Urbanisation: A case-study of the Stockholm area2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the relocation behaviours of out-movers of deprived areas in the region of Stockholm, Sweden. The research is motivated by the concerns raised by deprived and segregated neighbourhoods in relation to a social fragmentation and an unsuccessful socio-economic inclusion of all citizens. Some researches affirm that the out-movers of deprived neighbourhoods tend to be more integrated than the stayers or the individual moving in such neighbourhoods. And if some studies are concerned about their prospective, they have been restricted to their destinations’ socio-economic features and dismissed any spatial approach.This study aims to analyse flows’ direction and features as well as the areas of destination such as to identify processes of selective migration and how socio-spatial disparities are (re)produced. A specific attention is given to counter-urban movements and their possible correlation to “preservation” objectives: The possible migration of lower classes toward peripheries in order to access a better living environment and avoid a forced economic selective migration toward the urban most deprived neighbourhoods.Descriptive and inferential statistics with binary logistic regressions enabled to put into exergue the selective migration among movers, between the counter-urban and the others but also among counter-urban. If most movers remain in the urban core and in an almost deprived area, a substantial proportion seeks to combine to a move “up” the social ladder (a better suited neighbourhood), a “downward” migration on the urban hierarchy (a move toward the peripheries). And the regression confirms that among this population, a segment is statically significantly disadvantaged and remains in rental after the move.Scholars should consider such evidences by including a spatial dimension to their studies on segregation, neighbourhood sorting processes and selective migration. And most importantly, the results of this study invite them to reassess the traditional life-style and life-cycle explanations of counter-urbanisation in favour of an economic driven migration.

  • 336.
    Ganeklev, Angelica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Turismutveckling i ett världsarvsområde: Lokal delaktighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 337.
    Garli, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Resande i glesa bygder: skillnader och likheter mellan olika glesa bygder och mellan kvinnor och män2010Report (Other academic)
  • 338.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gärling, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Marell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Smart fart: Rekrytering av testförare och montering av fartkollare2001Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 339.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Nöjda så in i Norden?: Motiv och konsekvenser för de som flyttat och stannat i de nordiska länderna2002Book (Other academic)
  • 340.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Ung, yngre, flyttare: flyttningar och platsanknytning hos unga vuxna2004Report (Other academic)
  • 341.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Värdet av att flytta och att stanna: om flyttningsbeslut, platsanknytning och livsvärden2000Report (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Värdet av att stanna och värdet av att flytta2002In: Befolkningen spelar roll / [ed] Malmberg, Gunnar, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2002, p. 31-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 343.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Psychology.
    Marell, Agneta
    Umeå School of Business.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Psychology.
    Effects of increased awareness on choice of travel mode2003In: Transportation, ISSN 0049-4488 (Print) 1572-9435 (Online), Vol. 30, no 1, p. 63-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports a field experiment with the purpose of studying the effects of increased awareness on travel mode choice. One hundred fifteen subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group. In the experimental group, a more deliberate choice of travel mode was induced and expected to result in a stronger relationship between attitude and behavior, a weaker relationship between habit and behavior, and a behavioral change among individuals with a strong habit. Attitude, habit, and behavior were measured in travel diaries and questionnaires. The results indicated no significant change in the relationship between attitude and behavior and no significant change in the relationship between habit and behavior. However, a temporally extended decrease in car use was observed in the experimental group. The effect was noted for individuals with a strong habit who reduced their car use but not for subjects with a weak habit.

  • 344.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Marell, Agneta
    Umeå School of Business.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Factors influencing drivers' decision to install an electronic speed checker in the car2003In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 37-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intelligent speed adaptation (ISA) refers to various concepts aiming at limiting the vehicle speed. In Umea, Sweden, a large scale field study was carried out to test the possibility to, on a voluntary basis, install one type of ISA device in private vehicles. In this study 10,300 car owners were contacted by telephone and offered to have an ISA device installed in their car. This paper reports on drivers' attitudes to four different ISA-applications and on factors influencing the decision to install the one type of ISA, an electronic speed checker (ESC). The results show that approximately 40% of the respondents accepted the offer to have an ESC installed in their vehicle. The analysis indicated that age, perceived risk, moral and perceived difficulty to keep the speed limits significantly influenced their evaluation of the ESC and that the perception of the ESC influenced the decision to participate.

  • 345.
    Garvill, Jörgen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Marell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Intelligent speed adaptation: increased safety through speed reduction2006In: Towards better performing transport networks / [ed] Bart Jourquin, Piet Rietveld, and Kerstin Westin, London, UK: Routledge, 2006, p. 64-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 346.
    Gentile, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Mass privatisation, unemployment and mortality2012In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 785-787Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 347.
    Gentile, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography. Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition (SCOHOST), Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Meeting the 'organs': the tacit dilemma of field research in authoritarian states2013In: Area (London 1969), ISSN 0004-0894, E-ISSN 1475-4762, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 426-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To the regret of many scholars, science and politics often overlap, and nowhere as clearly as inside countries ruled by authoritarian governments, where research tends to attract the surveillance of repressive authorities and, more specifically, of the secret services (known as the organ' within post-communist space). While such surveillance places significant ethical and methodological challenges on field research, it is rarely discussed in the literature. This paper discusses what may happen when the organ takes interest in fieldwork. Based on the author's experiences in a range of post-communist countries, the aim is to present and discuss the related risks, and to show how these may materialise in relation to the organ's (c)overt activities.

  • 348. Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Marcinczak, Szymon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    No more work for Stakhanov: migrants and stayers in the depopulating Donbas, Ukraine2012In: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 401-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Labor migration from the less to the more affluent cities and regions is a defining trait of the patterns of population redistribution in Central and Eastern Europe, especially in the former Soviet Union, where international disparities in income and living standards are particularly manifest. While these macro-trends are well portrayed in the literature, their outcome at the household level seldom figures in the literature. In Ukraine, labor out-migration to Russia is a frequently chosen strategy, not least because of the Russophone background of eastern Ukraine and of many of the major cities, including Kiev and Odessa. This out-migration contributes to urban decline. Using multivariate methods, we analyze the characteristics of population subgroups with and without the experience of working abroad. We also use descriptive statistics to assess the impact of migration events within households on the standard of living of the latter. Our data source is the city of Stakhanov Health Interview Survey 2009 (n = 3,000).

  • 349.
    Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Marcinczak, Szymon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    No more work for Stakhanov: migrants and stayers in the depopulating Donbas, UkraineIn: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography. Södertörns högskola.
    Sjöberg, Örjan
    Housing allocation under socialism: the Soviet case revisited2013In: Post-Soviet Affairs, ISSN 1060-586X, E-ISSN 1938-2855, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 173-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social or public housing is an important component of the housing supply in most European countries. Nowhere, however, has the notion of social housing been taken as far as in the countries that formerly were ruled by socialist regimes, most notably the Soviet Union. For this reason, it may be argued that the development of theorizations on housing has much to learn from this large but inconclusively studied example. One of the avowed virtues of socialism was that the system, in theory, guaranteed its subjects equal rights to housing. That this was not quite the case is well known in the literature, but in fact no robust evidence to support this view (or the contrary) has been presented so far. Therefore, this paper's aim is to investigate the functioning of the Soviet system of housing allocation, assessing its claims to social equity and justice. Based on a detailed case study of about 3500 Soviet-era housing allocation decisions made in Daugavpils, Latvia, at five points in time covering various stages in the development of Soviet power (full coverage of decisions made in 1953, 1960, 1970, 1980, and January-April 1990), we illustrate how much living space was allocated to whom. In addition, we detail the characteristics of the waiting times involved. We apply both descriptive and regression methods on our data-set, making a significant contribution to what is known about the outcome of housing allocation under socialism and, at a more general level, under strictly supply-constrained conditions.

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