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  • 301.
    Hägg, Erika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    What individual characteristics influence commuting distance and mode transportation?: A quantitative case study of Malmö, Southern Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    How mobile people are affects the accessibility which can lead to several benefits like better match in the labour market and economical gain in the labour market. How mobile people are and their accessibility are effected by several factors. The purpose with this study is to see what individual characteristics that influences the choice of mode of transport when commuting and the travelled distance. This was done with a quantitative method that analyzed the Travel Survey of Southern Sweden. The result was carried out from descriptive result and regressions that was analysed. Findings from the result shows that gender, income and origin of birth are the individual characteristic that affects the choice of mode and travelled distance the most. The result can indicate that the commuting is also effected by structures as well as the economical incitement. The most used mode for transport and the probability to go by car increases with the economical gain does as well. 

  • 302.
    Häggedal, Jeanette
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Barns perspektiv på cykling i trafikerade stadsmiljöer: En studie om trafikplanering av cykelvägar på Linnégatan i Göteborg utifrån barns perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate children’s own experience of cycling in a busy urban environment and how children’s understanding of the place can be used in the planning of cycle paths, suitable for children. The primary focus of the study was children’s own perspectives on cycling in busy urban environments and on the environmental factors that affect children’s view on the subject. The study examines child’s relationship to cycling in their everyday life, children’s view on their ability to interact, play and learn in a busy urban environment and their perspective of safety and security in the selected urban area, that was chosen for this study. In addition, the study aim to examine how children communicate their perspectives of places. The method that was used was based on a walk along interview with five children, whom all had reached an age, mature enough to cycle independently. By making use of walk as a method, it was possible to obtain detailed knowledge, where the children express their view and thoughts about the physical environment in direct contact with it. The use of walk as a method gives children the opportunity to express themselves in ways other than verbally.

    The study is based on three key planning concepts regarding children in the physical environment; everyday life, interact, play and learning and health and safety. The study revealed key themes such as children’s perception of their own responsibility, independence, experience and habits. In addition, there were recurring themes, such as ambiguity, discontinuity, clutter and proximity to the cars. These were all factors that led to perceive the busy urban environment as unsafe. Finally, the children suggested clearer markings on the bike path instead of having identical signs for cyclists and motorists, as this created a sense of insecurity in the busy urban environment. Bike paths that lay next to the road should be separated by some kind of railing, to enhance the sense of security. Noted during the walk was that children favoured traffic lights rather that unsupervised pedestrian crossings. However, the children felt that it was necessary to acquire habit and experience to feel safe cycling in busy urban environments.

  • 303.
    Hägglund, Markus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Schilar, Hannelene
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Keskitalo, E Carina H
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    How is 'Sami tourism' represented in the English-language scholar literature?2019Inngår i: Polar Geography, ISSN 1088-937X, E-ISSN 1939-0513, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 58-68Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    'Sami tourism' seems to be increasing, both as a practice as well as a focus of research attention. The present study illustrates a review of English language literature concerning Sami tourism and discusses the specific perspectives in this. The study uses a systematic literature review approach to grasp these perspectives and summarize the findings of pertinent English-language publications. In total 37 relevant publications were found that focus clearly on both 'tourism' and 'Sami' (28 articles and 9 book chapters, all published between the years 1998-2017). Our analysis identifies three central themes in the literature so far: (1) the roles and limitations of Sami tourism, (2) conflicts regarding tourism development, and (3) the representation of Sami in relation to tourism. Finally, these findings are discussed in relation to broader literature including literature published in regional languages.

  • 304.
    Hällkvist, Lovisa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    En bostadsmarknad för alla?: En studie om bostadsförsörjning för nyanlända i fyra kommuner i norra Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There is a big housing shortage in many municipalities in Sweden. It has become more visible in relation to an increased reception of migrants. A residential is a social right in Sweden and therefore it is important to solve this situation. But how are the municipalities going to do it?

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how the public municipality sector of Umeå, Skellefteå, Piteå and Luleå are planning for new arrivals to enter the housing markets. The study is about to identify how the public sector of the municipalities strategic and concrete are working and if there is any differences between the municipalities.

    The Swedish housing policy is affected from different laws and path dependence. The 1th of mars 2016 a new law was implemented. It is named “bosättningslagen” and determines how many new arrivals each municipality in Sweden is about receive each year. Because of the complex housing stock, few municipalities were able to receive new arrivals earlier. But now the municipalities have to solve the shortage of housing to be able to settle the assigned number.

    To be able to answer the aim, semi structured interviews with workers at each municipality are made with the purpose to get a deeper understanding about the topic and how they work with the question. The result shows that there is an increased need for collaboration within the public sector and also with actors from outside to come up with short- and long term solutions for the current housing shortage in context to the receiving of new arrivals. 

  • 305.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Changing population distribution in Sweden: long term trends and contemporary tendencies2000Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to describe and analyse the population redistribution in Sweden at different geographical levels from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century. The analysis is approached in three different ways. First, the redistribution at different geographical levels is analysed (papers I and II). Second, the changing accessibility between people (interpersonal accessibility) is analysed from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century (paper II). Third, the impacts of fertility, mortality, internal migration, international migration and geographical variations in age composition on population distribution are analysed for the last decades (papers I, III and IV).

    Measurements of concentration have been used in order to analyse the changing population distribution. For the analysis of changing interpersonal accessibility the average population within the daily reach has been calculated for different times. In order to analyse the impacts of fertility, mortality, migration and geographical variations in age composition the actual redistribution of the population is compared with the redistribution generated by a number of counterfactual scenarios. To analyse the impact of international migration the changing distribution of the population in different immigrant groups is compared to the distribution of the Swedish population.

    Some conclusions drawn from the thesis are:

    1. There is no overall trend in the population redistribution towards either concentration or dispersion. The redistribution pattern depends on the time perspective and the geographical level chosen. The population has been both concentrated and dispersed since the beginning of the 19th century. This applies to all investigated geographical levels. In the five identified phases of the redistribution the most common pattern is that concentration and dispersion of the population exist simultaneously on different geographical levels. The total effect of the redistribution between 1810 and 1990 is that today the population is more dispersed at macro-regional level, while it is more concentrated at local and regional level.

    2. Based on assumptions about the daily reach, an average person today has access to about 100 times more people locally compared with the beginning of the 19th century. The most important process for the increased accessibility has been the redistribution of the population. The process that has had the least impact is the assumed increase in daily reach. However the importance of the investigated processes changes over time. Since 1950 the increasing reach has been the most important process. However, the rate by which interpersonal accessibility increases has slowed down since 1950.

    3. The main demographic factor behind the redistribution since 1970 is the geographical differences in age composition and its effects on the natural population change. It is demonstrated that this factor lies behind the trend towards increasing concentration in Sweden, while the impact of migration affects the fluctuations from this trend to a greater extent.

    4. The study shows that immigration concentrates the population, while the internal migration during the 1970s and periodically during the 1980s dispersed the population. However during the 1990s the internal migration has had a concentrating effect on the spatial distribution of the population.

  • 306.
    Höglander, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Turism-för en levande landsbygd?: En studie om turismnäringens möjlighet att bidra till befolkningstillväxt på den svenska landsbygden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 307.
    Hübsch, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Gender equality in County Transportation Plans and potential conflicts with sustainable transportation: A case study from northern Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    That women and men have different travel patterns has been known for a long time, and previous research argues that gender inequality is the reason for the different travel patterns. Thus, integrating a gender equality perspective into transportation planning has been a relevant topic for quite some time. However, it has been proven to be easier said than done. Gender equality has not been given much attention within transportation planning and planners find it difficult to know how to implement a gender equality perspective. By studying two County Transportation Plans developed by regions in northern Sweden and interviewing infrastructural planners as well as gender equality experts, this thesis will investigate how gender equality is managed and integrated in transport planning on a regional level, and how it could be integrated. How gender equality relates to sustainable transportation on a regional level is another research question. The results show that the planners are aware of women’s and men’s different travel patterns, but they have experienced the difficulties of how gender equality can be integrated in the plans, and integration has previously been made with modesty. This is partly due to lack of competence among the planners and because it has not been prioritized. The result also indicates that gender equality can be beneficial for sustainable transportation, but some goal conflicts were found as well. A conclusion it that there seems to exist a paradox among the respondents where they are unsure of if the transportation should adjust to the current travel needs, or promote change. It is seemingly not either the lack of competence that is the reason gender equality has not been prioritized, but the fact that other areas, such as the need of functional connections due to long distances between places has been seen as more important. The competence and knowledge exists, but need to increase among the planners, and gender equality within transportation planning has to be given more attention on a national level and in the directives from the government. 

  • 308.
    Ingelsson, Carolina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    På väg mot ett hållbart resande?: En fallstudie kring den lokala kollektivtrafiken i Umeå tätort2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability and the traffics impact on the environment have become increasingly central within spatial planning. For many years, planning has been focusing on building new roads - this has resulted in increased use of automobiles, which many believe is unsustainable in the longer term. Therefore, authorities at national, regional and local level want to increase the use of alternative transport modes – such as walking, cycling and traveling by bus.

    The thesis intends to study if the Municipality of Umeå’s policies for sustainable development have led to an increased use of public transportation. The use of public transport in Umeå is also compared with developments at national level, in order to see if there are differences in the level and trend. The thesis is mainly descriptive and based on material such as scientific literature, public strategy documents and statistical data sets.

    The study shows that the Municipality of Umeå has set clear goals and strategies to increase the use of public transportation. Some of these goals and strategies have emerged in recent years and the study show that they also led to an increased number of trips by public transport.

  • 309.
    Israelsson, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Att kompensera förlorade naturvärden i urbana miljöer: En marknanvändningskonflikt mellan exploatering och bevarandet av grönytor?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have been characterized by urbanization due to that the cities have widened and increased remarkably in number of inhabitants. The urbanization trend has led to a high pressure on land resources in the city. Many municipalities have therefore developed urban densification as a city development strategy. However, it is not uncommon that urban densification claims the green spaces as a suitable area in exploitation purpose. The reduced urban green areas have contributed to the valuable natural and cultural values are lost. To take compensatory measures of green spaces exploitation has therefore become an increasingly important tool for the modern urban planning. Though urban green spaces have a lot of positive effects in human health and for the environment, many municipalities in Sweden still do not have a strategy of the city greenery neither a strategy of compensation measures.

    This paper aims to investigate and to examine the extent to which compensation measures have been taken for a sample of zoning plans in the cities Umeå, Skellefteå and Piteå. The analysis is based on municipal guide lines of land and water use as well as the zoning plans and interviews with responsible officials in each city. To answer the questions to which compensation measures are used in exploitation of urban green areas and how the urban environment in each town has changed over time a literature study was made as well as a spatial overview in GIS and presentation of relevant data.

    The findings in this study shows that all the investigated cities have adopted a population goal that increases pressure on new housing. Neither of the studied zoning plans has applied adequate compensation measures even though the exploitation is planned on urban green spaces. Neither do any of the municipalities have a strategic approach for urban green areas despite the national authority Boverkets (2012) recommendation for achieving a sustainable urban planning in the present and in the future. 

  • 310.
    Jacob, Hassler
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Long term trends of residential segregation in relation to housing policy in Stockholm: Following indicators of residential segregation over time through spatial analysis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the development of residential segregation over a long time period in Stockholm, Sweden. By following the spatial distribution of two socio- economic indicators and two indicators of housing characteristics between 1930 and 2015, it describes how changing housing policy has affected the indicators. Historic data was gathered and compiled in a longitudinal data base. Spatial analysis of the variables produced results that indicate spatio-temporal variation in all variables, and indicate a central-peripheral pattern that has developed and persisted for long time periods. Variation in spatial distributions of the variables is furthermore connected to changes in undertaken housing policy. Regression models also indicate that the characteristics of residential segregation has arguably been different in different times. The long time period is argued to be important in segregation research because of the longevity of many segregation processes. Following continuous indices of residential segregation over long time periods is important as it may help us understand contemporary trends better, conversely creating better knowledge for policy makers when counter segregation policy is implemented. Long time approaches are, however, lacking the literature, motivating the analysis performed in this thesis.

  • 311.
    Jacobsson, Kajsa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Utformning av landsväg i tätort med hänsyn till oskyddade trafikanters säkerhet: En studie av Storgatan i Robertsfors tätort2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Road with transit traffic in urban areas entails meeting between relatively high-speed vehicle traffic and unprotected road users in a residential environment. In Sweden there are many, small and large urban areas that are crossed by roads in their central parts. These roads can cause traffic at relatively high speed to affect and create problems for the residential environment in the urban area. Roads in urban areas become problematic in relation to safety because traffic is to interact with unprotected road users. With the citizens' movement pattern as a starting point, this study illustrates how the design of the road can be adapted to the citizens to reduce the risk of accidents. The aim of this study was to investigate the unprotected road users' experience and movement patterns in the road environment at Storgatan in the urban area Robertsfors. The focus is on safety for the unprotected road users and to provide suggestions to improve safety.

    This study had a qualitative design and based on observation of movement's patterns among people using Storgatan as well as eight semi-structured interviews. The result showed that unprotected road users, expressed the need to reduce the speed of vehicles early in the urban area, to clearly visualize and protect unprotected road users and the importance of the road being part of the urban area and not a transit road. It also emerged that vehicle traffic has a prominent role in urban environment and should be questioned, as the urban area should be perceived as a safe and attractive environment for the residents. The interaction between vehicle traffic and unprotected road users is clearly unequal based on the results of this study.

  • 312.
    Jansryd, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Riksdagsvalet 2010: En GIS-analys2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Our social lives and where we live shape our choices in life. One of those choices is which party we vote for in the general election. The aim of this thesis is to see if there are any connections between the Swedish general election of 2010, demography, socioeconomic factors and geography. This is done with regression analysis and chosen variables. Another aim is to see where in Sweden the chosen variables aren’t enough to explain the results of the election. The final aim is to examine if there are any differences within municipalities and their electoral areas. The results show that there are several connections between the chosen variables and the results of the election. The most pronounced connection is a positive correlation with the level of education and a negative correlation with unemployment and distance to a major city. There are also several municipalities and their election results that the regression is unable to predict. The examination of the municipalities and their electoral areas shows that there seems to be a bigger difference between the electoral areas in a municipality with many electoral areas.

  • 313.
    Jansson, Bruno
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Borta bra men hemma bäst: svenskars turistresor i Sverige under sommaren1994Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has a long history but research on tourism is recent and linked to the modern mass tourism. Tourism research deals with the subject from three perspectives. First it is treated as a social phenomenon, second as an economic phenomenon and third as a geographic phenomenon. Even in the geographer's eye tourism has many faces ranging from interaction between people and places to land use patterns and influence on the landscape.

    The aim of the study is to analyse tourism travel patterns during the summer vacation period in Sweden. A number of questions are addressed: Who is a tourist? Why do people travel in their leisure time? Why do they choose a particular destination? Do people travel during their vacations and if so, where do they go? Is it possible to genera-lise about the scattered pattern of tourism travel into regions with similar catchment areas and catchment profiles?

    Although tourism as a word has been in the language for a long time and people have an intuitive understanding of the concept, it is still a concept that defies definition. This study uses a partly instrumental and partly role-related definition in the empirical sections.

    A tourist is a person visiting a place other than his home municipality and staying over night The visit shall have purely recreational purposes and no connection with the visitor's business or employment

    After deciding who is a tourist, the next question is: Why does a tourist travel? Many empirical studies show that personal motives are the most important reasons for leisure time travel. Going to another town to visit a relative is tourism. Thus, tourism travel may be viewed partly as a reflection of migration.which thus increases tourism. The tourism is associated with "tour", but the real touring tourist is fairly rare. An interview survey conducted as part of this study showed that about 50 % of the popu­lation is at home at the same time during their vacation period. Habits are stable; this has not changed significantly over the last 20 years. On the other hand, a majority leave home for some period during their vacation, but make only one short over night visit away from home.

    Only four of Sweden's 24 counties received more travellers from counties other than themselves. Travel within the home county is much greater than might be expected.

    This study includes a methodological experiment on regionalization. A normal cluster analysis has been performed with the addition of a neighbor constraint. Destinations for most journeys during the vacation period are secondary homes or places where friends and relatives live. Only approximately one third of all "tourism travel" is tourism in a "pure" sense. This means that most people, although they are travelling during vacations, rarely use tourist facilities. What are normally considered to be tourist attractions are not really attractive to these people. Thus, one conclusion is that the potential market for the tourist business for Swedes in Sweden may be smaller than expected.

  • 314.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Nilsson, Karina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Stjernström, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Höga Kusten-projektet: Ett företag i viken, en bro i världen: Ekonomisk-geografiska konsekvenser av en stor investering1997Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 315.
    Jobe, Amat
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Cykeln som transportmedel till externhandelsplatser2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 316.
    Johanna, Bergelin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Ansvarsfull turism: Svenska researrangörers arbete med ansvarsfull turism2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Because of the increasing numbers of international tourist arrivals each year it is essential that tourist operators are aware of the impacts that tourism generate. Tourism affects the world in an environmental, social and economic way, positive but also in a negative way. To travel responsible and sustainable is therefore important, and operators have a responsibility in this subject.Because of this I wanted to look at how Swedish tourist operators manage responsible tourism, together with what amount of information their customers receive about this. To be able to study how operators work with this I conducted three interviews via email. The tourist operators were of different sizes and specializations to receive a more extensive result. The answers were analyzed with thematic analysis to see what patterns and themes that could be found. The result shows that Swedish tourist operators are aware of the negative impacts that tourism generates and that they are trying to minimize these effects. They work in different ways with environmental, social and economic problems at destinations and within the company. Their customers are given information about responsible tourism in different amounts and ways, for example through emails and hotel meetings.

    Keywords: Responsible tourism, sustainable tourism, responsible tourism management, corporate social responsibility, tourist operator

  • 317.
    Johansson, Alexandra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hotellmarknadens ökade konkurrens i Umeå2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
  • 318.
    Johansson, Erica
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hur kan landsbygdskommuner i Sverige nå en ökad befolkningstillväxt?: en studie över hur planering kan användas för befolkningsutveckling kommuner, med perspektiv på intern migration och invandringens betydelse, en jämförelse mellan södra och norra Sverige.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    More and more people choose to move from the countryside into the cities, which can eventually have a negative impact on rural municipalities. Rural municipalities with a negative populationgrowth may ultimatley be difficult to handle and offer health, education, social services and service. How will swedish rural municipalities reach a population growth?

    The purpose of the studie is to studie population developement in Osby and Åsele municipality, and how each municipality work with strategies to achieve and increase in population growth. A comparison between the two municipalities will then be made on the basis of natural population growth, internal migration and the role of immigration.

    In order to awnser the purpose, semi-structured interviews were conducted with both officals and politicians from each municipality. This is to gain a deeper understanding of how municipal different conditions and how they work with theses issues. The result showed that local conditions to attract a new population is different, but there are strategies of both municipalities to reach a population growth. Municipalities use of their advantages on the conditions that are to be able to market themselves and attract a new population.  

  • 319.
    Johansson, Jenni
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. 911013-4328.
    The employment rate among foreign-born in urban and rural areas2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The intention with this thesis is to provide a picture of the employment-rate among foreign-born in urban and rural areas in Sweden by using current data from Statistics Sweden and to compare the employment-rate among foreign born to the total population. The research questions will be addressed with a quantitative approach using data from Statistical Sweden registry database. This thesis contributes to knowledge about differences in employment-rate among foreign born and Swedish natives. It is visible in the results that there are differences in employment-rate between foreign-born in urban and rural areas with an employment-rate that generally are higher among foreign-born who lives in urban areas than those who lives in rural areas. The opposite relationship is found among the total population with a higher employment rate in rural areas than in urban. 

  • 320.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Geografiska Skillnader på Hyresrättsmarknaden: Hyresrätterns plats i samhället2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to look at the house rental situation in Sweden, over the last decade. Most municipalities say they have a lack of rental apartments and it is worse in the bigger cities where no one has a balanced rental market. The rental housing shortage is getting worse since the number of built homes are not enough to keep up with the demands and the increasing population doesn't help either. A lot of the apartments that are being built are sold instead of being rented out since it is easier and more profitable in the short run for the construction companies. Building rental apartments in Sweden are considered to be too expensive. The main reasons given to why, are high material costs, labor wages, taxes, lack of competition, building for the Nordic climate and long processing times at the municipalities.

  • 321.
    Johansson, Johanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Coordinating and implementing multiple systems for forest management: implications of the regulatory framework for sustainable forestry in Sweden2014Inngår i: Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research, ISSN 1939-0459, E-ISSN 1939-0467, Vol. 6, nr 2-3, s. 117-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The complexity of multi-level governance is well illustrated by forest management in one of Europe’s large forested states, Sweden. Deregulated government policies emphasise “freedom with responsibility,” largely expecting the forest sector to determine ways in which policy goals and legal requirements are reached. In relation to this, Sweden has become one of the countries with the largest share of forests certified by third-party organisations, such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), in accordance with specific environmental and social criteria. This multi-level case study draws on official documents and semi-structured interviews to analyse Swedish forest governance; specifically, the impact of multiplicity and complexity of environmental considerations on agreement over goal coordination, implementation, and evaluation for feedback and accountability. This contributes to previous research by analysing interactions between state regulation and certification at multiple levels.

  • 322.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    På väg mot en fossilfri fordonsflotta?: Utvecklingen för elbilar i Sverige år 2009-2019.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government has subsidized BEV (Battery electric vehicle) for many years, mainly since the year 2009, to reduce the negative environmental effects that the transport sector produces. This study aims to examine the development of the Swedish BEV market for the time period year 2009 – 2019 and whether government policies have had an effect on BEV sales. The study also examined if the sales of BEV is potentially affected by socioeconomically factors, regional development of charging infrastructure and municipal type and size. The study is based only on secondary data which is analyzed with the statistical method of regression analysis. The result showed that higher levels of income and education affected BEV sales positively on a municipal basis up to the year 2018. The study also showed that the number of charging points had a positive effect on BEV sales on a county level up to the year 2018. The study concluded that sales of BEV has increased mainly since the middle of the year 2018 and that the subsidy program “Bonus Malus” might have contributed to the increased sales of BEV. Furthermore, sales of BEV have shifted slightly from larger municipalities to smaller for the years 2018 – March 2019 and higher levels of education still remains a positive factor for BEV sales on a municipal basis for the same time period.

  • 323.
    Johansson, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Trygghetsuppfattningar och könsnormativa beteenden: Unga mäns ideér och uppfattningar om trygghet på Ålidhem, Umeå2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Feelings of safeness in public space differs a lot between the sexes, where women more often than men feel unsafe. But how do men relate to feelings of safeness in public spaces and how does unsafeness affect the relation between men and women? This study focusses on men’s behaviour towards women and how their behaviour changes during times of unsafeness, and how this behaviour affect´s men´s relationship with their romantic partners. The study is a case study and will focus on the city district Ålidhem in Umeå city, which reputation has suffered from the current image that local medias have projected. This case is interesting when it allows us to study how men in today´s society relate to problems with safeness in public space.

    The study´s result is based in six qualitative semi-structured interviews. the interviews were conducted with six young men in age 20-30 who had experience living in- or had prior experience living in the city district Ålidhem or had a relationship with a woman who had a similar experience. The interviews were later analysed through a narrative analysis method.

    The study´s result show that the men are more open with expressing their feelings of unsafeness and to talk about what types of factors that affect their mindset than previous studies show. These men sometimes felt that they got perceived as threatening elements in public spaces by unknown women, especially at night. This perception of the men as threatening elements sometimes caused the men to change their behaviour, like slowing down or taking other paths to their destination, to dampen the woman´s feeling of anxiety. The men themselves sometimes felt anxiety towards their romantic partner when they move in public spaces and they sometimes applied certain strategies to safeguard them. These strategies however weren’t a product of the men’s anxiety, but rather more often a product of the women´s.

    KEYWORDS: Safety in public space, Gender normative behaviour, Security planning

  • 324.
    Johansson, Per-Olov
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics.
    Kriström, Bengt
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi. Centre for Environmental & Resource Economics (CERE), SLU.
    The New Economics of Evaluating Water Projects2011Inngår i: Annual Review of Resource Economics, Vol 3, Annual Reviews , 2011, s. 231-254Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    We review key developments in the cost-benefit analysis of water projects, including conceptual and empirical issues. We emphasize general equilibrium and dynamics, in particular the links between economic and ecological systems.

  • 325.
    Jonnerby, Linnéa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    GIS-analys av tillgängligheten till parker i Umeå tätort.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
  • 326.
    Jonsson, Gunilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Rotad, rotlös, rastlös: Ung mobilitet i tid och rum2003Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis is to survey and analyse young peoples’ geographical movements, and illustrate the similarities and differences that exist between different individuals.. The aim of the thesis is also to examine and discuss youth’s attitudes and motivation for different forms of geographical mobility. The youth focused on in this project reside in Norrland. The first phase, Mapping of the Geographical Movement of Youth, was carried out through the use of a questionnaire, sent to graduating students in upper secondary school. The second phase, Umeå  Students Abroad, was carried out by interviewing Umeå students who had either completed or were about to begin a period of foreign exchange. The third phase, Emigrants from Sweden, is based on statistics acquired from Sweden Statistics’ (SCB) and from the TOPSWING database.

    Home: The starting point of this thesis is the conception of “home”. The choice of path to take in life, and where students wanted to live in the future had significance for how they examined the choice between moving and staying; and the role of the home town in a longer perspective as to how the students viewed Umeå.

    Away: It is not just the place that a person comes from that says something about who she is, but also the place where she is going and the way in which she takes herself there. Many of the upper secondary school students that took part in the questionnaire had been abroad one or more times. Furthermore, many of the students would like to travel abroad again. At the same time, it can be said that there are also young people that do not have extensive experiences in travelling to other countries.

    Somewhere between home and away: The study shows that students may have very different views of their time abroad. The Tourist Student is one who chooses his/her destination in order to fulfil certain criteria and then mainly stays in the university town, “taking one day at a time.” He or she does not have a thought-out strategy for how the stay abroad should be carried out. The Travelling Student is the student who searches for a particular destination and later also has the ambition to get to know the country and the people that live there. The travelling student can be said to have a thought-out strategy for how to make the most out of his or her time in a foreign country.

    When away becomes home – or when home becomes home again: The interview study shows that to live abroad or to live in Sweden acquired a different meaning if you had a family. To have a family gives rise to a reason why one may choose to move back to Sweden. On the other hand there were also students for whom the home country was not important. A large portion of those who emigrated from Sweden during the study period moved back again. For those with a college or university education, a few years abroad can be a part of their choice of life path. It is something that one wants and from a career prospective, possibly should do.

    Rooted, rootless or restless young? The rooted are those who mainly live their entire lives in one place. The rootless represent a mobile life, where there is no home base, instead they create new ones as life passes. I would like to characterise most of the young people that in one way or another is featured in my study as restless. The restless combine, in different ways, the characteristics of both the rooted and the rootless. They are not unwilling to move, within the country, as well as to other countries, but they are at the same time rooted in their home town or in their home country.

  • 327.
    Juhola, Sirkku
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Centre for Urban and Regional Studies, Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki, Finland.
    Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of Multi-Level Governance in Finland2010Inngår i: Developing Adaptation Policy and Pracitce in Europe: Multi-level Governance of Climate Change / [ed] Keskitalo E.C.H., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, s. 149-187Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Although mitigation of climate change dominates the climate change agenda in Finland, adaptation to climate change is increasingly recognised as an important policy issue across all levels of governance Finland was an early mover on adaptation, being the first country in Europe to publish a National Adaptation Strategy to climate change in 2005 After a few years of mainstreaming of adaptation into regular planning, implementation and monitoring at the national level, adaptation has been recognised important and some measures have been implemented but that there are also sectors where hardly any measures have been taken At sub-national level, actors are pursuing voluntary climate strategies that are not directly linked to the developments at the national level This chapter highlights how the different levels of governance are disconnected in terms of their actions on adaptation On the one hand, at the national level, the NAS predominantly concentrates on administrative sectors by mainstreaming adaptation On the other hand, the lower levels of governance are pursuing their separate climate strategies that are based on voluntary initiatives with little input from the national level Thus, despite the early action on adaptation, it can be argued that implementation of adaptation measures has been slow and fragmented across levels of governance

  • 328.
    Järlind, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Fritidshusturism i avfolkningskommuner - en möjlighet till utveckling?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 329.
    Järlind, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Place Identity and Feeling at Home: A Qualitative Study About Place Identity Amongst Refugees in Umeå, Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    To feel at home and to find your place identity in a completely different setting than you are used too requires a whole new type of coping with changes. In order to cope, there are different aspects that can help you. Either it be your personality, the physical surroundings or the people that you have by your side. This thesis has had the aim of examining how and why refugees feel at home in the city of Umeå, Sweden. What has been clear is that the interviewed refugees do feel at home in Umeå, this mostly because of social activities with friends and family, not as much because of the physical attributes Umeå has as a city. Place identity, seen from different theoretical perspectives, has been clear in that identity is mostly created in harmony with a place and what the place has to offer socially and not always due to the physical attraction of the place, which has been visible in discussion with the refugees in the study. Instead, place identity for the interviewed individuals has been created through the conceptions, interpretations, ideas and related feelings the individuals have to Umeå.

  • 330.
    Kainz, Thekla
    et al.
    IMC Krems University, Austria.
    Carson, Doris A.
    University of South Australia, Australia.
    Carson, Dean B.
    Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Temporary Indigenous Mobility in Remote South Australia: Understanding the challenges for urban based health and social service delivery2012Inngår i: Journal of Rural and Community Development, ISSN 1712-8277, E-ISSN 1712-8277, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 16-36Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote dwelling Indigenous people in Australia frequently move between remote communities and urban centres for reasons such as access to health and social services, cultural and family obligations, or leisure and recreation. Short-term mobility challenges health and social service providers not only to deliver services to remote communities but to make sure that adequate services are available in places Indigenous people visit. This paper documents how service providers in two urban centres in remote South Australia respond to the challenges presented by temporary Indigenous visitors. The paper identifies a number of reasons why the existing health and social service sector is poorly set up to deal with the needs of temporary Indigenous visitors. Many service providers are aware that different groups of (temporary) Indigenous clients may require different services. However, they are limited in their capacity to change existing service strategies due to rigid funding structures and a lack of inter-agency collaboration and service coordination.

  • 331.
    Kallerman, Nils
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Den urbaniserade Umeälven: Vattenkraftverken som utsträckt urbanisering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the power producing dams along the Ume-river as an integral part of and a result from the urbanization process in Sweden during industrial capitalism. The aim of the paper is to contribute to the knowledge of the urbanization process in Sweden in general and of its traces along the Ume river in the county of Västerbotten in particular. The paper applies the theory of concentrated urbanization and extended urbanization put forward by Neil Brenner and Christian Schmid (2015) and argues that the building of power producing dams along the Ume-river is part of an extended urbanization process. This becomes particularly evident when examining the vast physical structures that is the dams, situated in an otherwise remote and sparsely populated area. These vast physical structures are also very well connected to a nation wide electric grid that has connections to bordering countries as well. Due to neo-liberal developments in Sweden the former state governed electrical market is now deregularized and exposed to corporate competition and capitalist speculation. This paper mainly contributes to the understanding of the urbanization process as a process not only taking place in large urban agglomerations but also affects and shapes by remote areas in physical, social and economic terms.

  • 332.
    Kallerman, Nils
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Detailed planning through the eyes of sustainability: Mobility, Green spaces and Safety2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a thematic analysis of written plan-descriptions associated to valid detail-plans in the city of Umeå. These plan-descriptions are used as gateways to how planners and architects have reasoned when it comes to planning decisions. The thematic analysis is conducted on 24 selected detail-plans in the city of Umeå and has the starting point of the three themes of Mobility, Green space and Safety. The themes are identified as important to study in the light of the sustainable development concept where new modes of transportation, better knowledge about how nature affects us and a safe environment for everyone are propagated. By making better use of the fine source of information and insights that are the detail-plans students, researchers and practitioners can more effectively steer their efforts towards areas that really are in need of change. There is also something to be learned about the connection between process and outcome in physical planning. The results of this study show first of all that the scope and the thoroughness of detail-planning have changed over time. During the 1950’s, 60’s and 70’s the plans generally covered larger areas and the descriptions where short and concise. In present time the plans generally cover smaller areas but are very exhausting in their investigative preparing work and associated documents. Other findings are that the goal of a safe environment in the detail-plans mostly is connected to traffic-safety.

  • 333.
    Kamlin, Patricia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Studenters inverkan på besöksnäringen: En kvantitativ studie om hur studenterna vid Umeå universitet påverkar turismen i Umeå ur ett VFR perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The visiting friends and relatives segment has not been given much study, because the segment has been perceived as small and with no positive economic impact on destinations. This is because of the belief that VFR travelers sleep and eat at their friends’ and relatives’ houses. Lately, the definition of VFR travelers has been changing due to more studies in the area. The results of these studies have shown that the size of the segment has been underestimated, as has the economic impact the segment has on a destination. This thesis is a complement to Bischoff and Koenig-Lewis study ”VFR Tourism: the Importance of University Students as Hosts”. The purpose of this thesis is to examine how students at Umeå university affect the tourism industry in Umeå. The thesis aims to study the frequency of visits made by the students’ friends and relatives, seasonal distribution of the visits, visitor motives, and economic factors linked to these visits. The study is based on a questionnaire survey with closed-ended questions. The study was conducted through descriptive statistical analysis of the questionnaire. Results of the study indicates that the main reason for friends and relatives to visit students in Umeå is to be with the student in question. Most of the VFR travelers stay at their host’s place, with only a few percent using commercial accommodation. Instead VFR travelers have more economic impact on restaurants, shopping and nightlife.

  • 334.
    Kamlin, Patricia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Tourists' perceptions of destinations in crisis: A case study of the European migrant crisis on the Greek islands of Kos and Lesbos2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    When tourists want to travel, they gather information about interesting destinations. In the information gathering, information about destinations are obtained through different channels, such as media, friends and relatives, travel intermediaries and advertisement. Tourists are very risk-averse, and if it appears in the information searching that there is a perceived risk at the destination, it might lead to the tourist’s unwillingness to travel to the specific destination. The purpose of this paper is to study tourists’ perceptions of destinations in crisis, with the specific studied crisis being the European migrant crisis on the Greek islands of Kos and Lesbos. The paper studies tourists’ perceptions of destinations based on promotional pictures from tour operators and pictures published in media during the migrant crisis. The study is based on semi-structured interviews, and the analysis is conducted through thematic analysis. The results indicate that the promotional pictures from tour operators attracted the respondents to visit the destinations, because their travel motives were linked to the perceptions they have of the destinations. However, when the respondents saw the pictures featuring the crisis from media, the destinations were no longer seen as places for tourism, but as places for helping people. The crisis environment was not something they wanted to see on a vacation, and the inequality between people was discussed. Enjoying a vacation in an environment with a humanitarian crisis was not preferred. However, if a destination that the respondents had booked a trip to suddenly got media coverage because of a crisis, safety, recommendations and practicalities would affect the decisions on whether to cancel the trip or not.

  • 335.
    Karlsson, Svante
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    From manufacturing to retail: Cross-border shopping and economic restructuring in West Sweden2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 336.
    Karlsson, Svante
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Har trenden vänt?: Om flyttning till och från den svenska landsbygden2014Inngår i: Plan, ISSN 0032-0560, nr 2, s. 32-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 337.
    Keskitalo, Carina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Att skapa grunden för beslut i kärnavfallsfrågan2009Inngår i: Samhällsforskning 2009: Betydelsen för människorna, hembygden och regionen av ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle, Stockholm: SKB , 2009, s. 96-120Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 338.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Adapting to climate change in Sweden: national policy development and adaptation measures in Västra Götaland2010Inngår i: Developing Adaptation Policy and Pracitce in Europe: Multi-level Governance of Climate Change / [ed] Keskitalo E.C.H., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, s. 189-232Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Located in south-western Sweden, the Vastra Gotaland region is often seen as one of the areas of the country most vulnerable to flooding and erosion, and will be highly impacted by flooding and sea level rise as a result of climate change Drawing upon a literature study and semi-structured interviews with actors in climate policy, this chapter reviews the development of adaptation policy in Sweden The chapter focuses particularly on the Commission on Climate and Vulnerability (2007) and a government bill An Integrated Climate and Energy Policy Climate (2009) in which suggestions by the Commission were included The chapter describes the development of adaptation policy and measures on the regional and local levels in Vastra Gotaland and within select municipalities The study illustrates the national distribution of responsibility through which municipalities are given a large role in integrating adaptation measures, and describes some of the differentiated responses such responsibilities may elicit on the local level.

  • 339.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Adaptive capacity and adaptation in Swedish multi-use boreal forests: sites of interaction between different land uses2010Inngår i: Adaptive capacity and environmental governance / [ed] Derek Armitage, Ryan Plummer, Heidelberg: Springer , 2010, s. 89-106Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Governance and conflict resolution in multi-use forests require the integration of stakeholders and decision-makers in multiple sectors: forestry, reindeer husbandry, conservation, tourism and local use. To a large extent, these sectors are characterised by divergent interests and considerable power discrepancies. Drawing upon semi-structured interviews in Gällivare, a municipality in northernmost Sweden, this paper discusses adaptive capacity with regard to interaction between sectors. The chapter examines impacts of the different land uses on each other, identifies adaptation options, and describes existing interaction measures. The chapter concludes that adaptive capacity at the local level is constrained by a number of factors, one example being the institutionalised character of reindeer herding–forestry relations that may limit adaptation at the local level.

  • 340.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Arktis är inget undantag2009Inngår i: Polarår: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi / [ed] Gunhild Rosqvist och Sverker Sörlin, Stockholm: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2009, s. 219-234Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 341.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Climate change adaptation in the United Kingdom: England and South-East England2010Inngår i: Developing Adaptation Policy and Practice in Europe: Multi-level Governance of Climate Change / [ed] Keskitalo E.C.H., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, s. 97-147Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The UK has been one of the early actors in developing adaptation to climate change, and today has a comprehensive legislative and regulative framework for including climate change effects in planning This chapter reviews the development of the UK approach, drawing on a literature study and semi-structured interviews conducted with several actors, the majority of whom are from public administration at the national, regional and local levels The study focuses on England and the South-East England region in particular, one of the areas most at risk of flooding and sea level rise in the UK In addition to discussing the national and regional levels, the chapter describes how adaptation has been integrated in a number of counties, cities and boroughs in the area All in all, the study reveals a relatively developed approach to adaptation, made possible in part as a result of both the recognised sensitivity of selected areas to climate change and the centralised nature of the political system Centralised as well as network capacities of the central government have made it possible for the national level to both include adaptation criteria in the performance assessment framework for local authorities, and for these to be broadly accepted among affected actors.

  • 342.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Climate Change and Flood Risk Management: Adaptation and Extreme Events at Local Level2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate Change and Flood Risk Management discusses and problematises the integration of adaptation to climate change in flood risk management.

    The book explores adaptation to climate change in relation to flood risk events in advanced industrial states. It provides examples of how flood risk management, disaster and emergency management, and adaptation to climate change may intersect in a number of European and Canadian cases.

    Taken together, the studies show that integration of adaptation in flood risk and emergency management may differ strongly – not only with risk, but with a number of institutional and contextual factors, including capacities and priorities in the specific municipal cases and within a national and wider context.

    The book will be relevant to researchers involved with adaptation to climate change and those involved with comprehensive planning in relation to it. It will also be of interest to academics within the fields of environmental studies and the environmentally-oriented social sciences.

  • 343.
    Keskitalo, E Carina H
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Climate change, vulnerability and adaptive capacity in a multi-use forest municipality in Northern Sweden2010Inngår i: Community adaptation and vulnerability in arctic regions / [ed] Grete K. Hovelsrud, Barry Smit, Springer Netherlands, 2010, s. 285-311Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The impacts of climate change may be especially large on areas where conflicts regarding renewable resources such as multi-use forests already exist, and may increasingly impact sectors where access to resources is already limited. Drawing upon the CAVIAR framework for analysing current and future exposure-sensitivity and adaptive capacity in Gallivare municipality, northern Sweden, this chapter describes the socio-economic and environmental context of, and current and potential adaptations to, changes in forestry, reindeer husbandry, and winter tourism. The chapter concludes that these land use sectors are impacted by considerable economic and market pressures, with the result that conflicts between sectors have become increasingly pronounced. While climate change will eventually affect all land use sectors, impacts may be felt most immediately by those with the smallest existing margins for their activities, such as reindeer husbandry.

  • 344.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Conclusion: The “Old North” – or quite simply the developed northern Europe2019Inngår i: The Politics of Arctic Resources: Change and Continuity in the ’Old North’ of Northern Europe / [ed] Keskitalo, E. C. H., London: Routledge, 2019, s. 242-262Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book draws together a wide range of social sciences and humanities, with an emphasis on historians and historians of ideas, and a result of Sweden’s first Arctic social sciences and humanities research programme, thus provides a basis for conceiving of the specific, place- and development history-based nature of change. It starts from a summary of chapters based on a broad conception of what development paths and general features they describe, in resource sectors but also beyond this in assumptions on state-society or multilevel state relations, and illustrating changes from past to present. The book investigates a number of phenomena and changes over time, notably with a focus on resource sectors but also on underlying features such as human geography and state development, often contradicting an established body of literature drawn from other locations.

  • 345.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Images of the northern and 'Arctic' in tourism and regional literature2017Inngår i: Tourism and indigeneity in the Arctic / [ed] Arvid Viken and Dieter K. Müller, Bristol: Channel View Publications, 2017, s. 33-49Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 346.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Introduction - adaptation to climate change in Europe: theoretical framework and study design2010Inngår i: Developing Adaptation Policy and Practice in Europe: Multi-level Governance of Climate Change / [ed] Keskitalo E.C.H., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, s. 1-38Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    As mitigation will not likely be sufficient to hinder climate change, adaptation to the consequences of climate change will be needed The impacts of climate change will include such phenomena as increased flooding and sea level rise, which will in turn have significant effects on densely populated and infrastructurally-developed areas in advanced industrial states Despite the potential for serious consequences very little of the existing climate change adaptation literature has focused on adaptation in the EU or the industrialised world in general This chapter and the volume at large address this gap This chapter describes the governance system of public and private actors and bodies that set the context for adaptive capacity at local, regional national and EU levels, and argues that adaptive capacity can largely be seen as related to the resource distribution and prioritisation processes within such systems The chapter further outlines the comparative approach taken by the volume, including a common methodology for the presented multi-level studies.

  • 347.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    "New Governance" in the Arctic and Its Role for Supporting Climate Change Adaptation2009Inngår i: Climate Governance in the Arctic / [ed] Timo Koivurova, E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Nigel Bankes, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009, Vol. 50, s. 97-116Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Formal Arctic governance has developed mainly since the 1990s when the eight-state Arctic Council was established to provide a common forum for national, indigenous peoples' and environmental interests. The Arctic is seen as encompassing the northernmost areas of the Nordic states, USA, Russia and Canada, thereby including areas that will be among those impacted the earliest by the effects of climate change on sea ice and permafrost. However, most of the pollution affecting the Arctic is not released in the area, and cohesion among the states in confronting the climate change problem has been limited. Based in interviews with organisations involved in new governance initiatives (high level fora, NGOs and international organisations) in the Arctic region, this chapter discusses the capacity of the Arctic governance framework to support adaptation to climate change. The paper views adaptation in governance as requiring horizontal and vertical interlinkage between actors, and outlines the interlinkages between regional actors as well as the resources (including funding and legislation) perceived by the interviewees as available to the organisations. The paper concludes that organisational capacities will need to be strengthened for effective implementation of adaptive actions.

  • 348.
    Keskitalo, E Carina H
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Understanding adaptive capacity in forest governance: editorial2013Inngår i: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 45-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 349.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    What Can an Understanding of the Changing Small-Scale Forest Owner Contribute to Rural Studies?: The Swedish Case2019Inngår i: Small-scale Forestry, ISSN 1873-7617, E-ISSN 1873-7854Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the centuries, Swedish rural areas have been formed in close interaction with their inhabitants and different and various uses. Based on studies, particularly of "new forest owners" in Sweden, this article illustrates how an understanding of forest and forest ownership can highlight the dynamic and shifting role of rural areas: as both rural and urban, based on both forest property and second-home ownership. It also illustrates that rural areas are not only post-productive but also continuously over time production areas, in addition to many other use patterns, and that rural areas can be areas of forest-related industrial and services growth, and thus rural growth. The article also illustrates that forest areas in Sweden, but also more broadly Fennoscandia, can be seen as areas with different habitation patterns and linkages between nature and population than what has often been described in broader rural literature.

  • 350.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Dannevig, Halvor
    CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Gaustadalleen 21, 0373 Oslo, Norway.
    Hovelsrud, Grete K.
    CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Gaustadalleen 21, 0373 Oslo, Norway.
    West, Jennifer J.
    CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Gaustadalleen 21, 0373 Oslo, Norway.
    Swartling, Åsa Gerger
    Stockholm Environment Institute and Stockholm Resilience Centre, Kräftriket 2 B, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Adaptive capacity determinants in developed states: examples from the Nordic countries and Russia2011Inngår i: Regional Environmental Change, ISSN 1436-3798, E-ISSN 1436-378X, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 579-592Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Adaptive capacity in a community context has so far mainly been studied in developing countries as well as indigenous communities in the industrialised world. This article adds to that literature through reviewing studies undertaken in the Nordic countries and Russia, highlighting the ways in which general determinants of adaptive capacity play out in Northern, industrialised contexts. The paper illustrates that the determinants of adaptive capacity in industrialised states exhibit systematic differences from mixed subsistence-cash based communities such as those found in Arctic Canada. We discuss in particular the importance of economic resources in a market-based system, technological competition, and infrastructure, in determining adaptive capacity of natural resource-dependent communities in the Nordic countries and Russia. The paper also illustrates differences in adaptive capacity within the case study region, including between peripheral and central locations with regard to economic resources and diversification possibilities, and between Nordic and Russian cases with regard to infrastructure and technology access. The findings indicate that understanding of determinants of adaptive capacity in resource-dependent communities would benefit from both further contextualisation and broad comparison, across different types of political and administrative systems.

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