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  • 301.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The supply of nature-based tourism activities in Sweden2010Ingår i: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 58, nr 4, s. 379-393Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    After a long period of urbanisation and globalisation, the demand for nature and naturebasedrecreation and tourism in large part comes from metropolitan areas and from abroad.Th e development of nature-based tourism is encouraged by regional policy and developmentschemes. However the positive potential of nature-based tourism for regional developmentand rural entrepreneurship is contested. Th is encourages the identifi cation of factors thatmay explain the success or failure of destinations and businesses focusing on nature basedtourism products and how the supply of nature-based tourism activities coincide withdomestic demand in Sweden with the aim to discuss the potential of nature-based tourismfor socio-economic development. Th e question addressed is: what supply is there in terms ofnature-based activities in Sweden? Th e paper is based on a survey of nature-based tourismsupply on regional web pages in Sweden. Th e material indicates that supply and demandhave diffi culties to meet. From a supply-side perspective variations in accessibility and alack of suitable products limit the possibility to actually make a living out of nature-basedtourism. Hence, it is concluded that nature-based tourism is a viable development optiononly for few destinations.

  • 302.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Jansson, Bruno
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Wiberg, Ulf
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Effects of climate change and extreme events on forest communities in the European North2008Ingår i: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 87, nr 1-2, s. 235-249Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The European north is increasingly affected by changes in climate and climate variability. These changes and their causes are global in scope but specific impacts vary considerably between different regions. Recent incidents and events show that forest-resource based regions have difficulties in alleviating adverse effects of these changes. Also, the future socio-economic impact is to date unexplored. Norrbotten in Sweden, Lappi in Finland and Arkhangelsk oblast in Russia are regions that differ significantly in terms of their socio-economic characteristics and capacities. A modified employment multiplier model is used to predict future changes. Scenarios of changing forest resources provide quantitative estimations of the sensitivity of regional employment. These estimates are used to assess and discuss the adaptive capacities of the regions. Results show that Arkhangelsk oblast is more vulnerable to climate variability than Norrbotten and Lappi. This is due to the continued dependency on natural resources in combination with different capacities to counteract negative effects or to take advantage of the opportunities offered by climate change in this region.

  • 303.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Paskevich, Albina
    Department of Economy and Society, Högskolan Dalarna, 791 88 Falun, Sweden.
    Jansson, Bruno
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Wiberg, Ulf
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Effects of climate change and extreme events on forest communities in the European North.2008Ingår i: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009 (Print) 1573-1480 (Online), Vol. 87, nr 1-2, s. 235-249Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The European north is increasingly affected by changes in climate and climate variability. These changes and their causes are global in scope but specific impacts vary considerably between different regions. Recent incidents and events show that forest-resource based regions have difficulties in alleviating adverse effects of these changes. Also, the future socio-economic impact is to date unexplored. Norrbotten in Sweden, Lappi in Finland and Arkhangelsk oblast in Russia are regions that differ significantly in terms of their socio-economic characteristics and capacities. A modified employment multiplier model is used to predict future changes. Scenarios of changing forest resources provide quantitative estimations of the sensitivity of regional employment. These estimates are used to assess and discuss the adaptive capacities of the regions. Results show that Arkhangelsk oblast is more vulnerable to climate variability than Norrbotten and Lappi. This is due to the continued dependency on natural resources in combination with different capacities to counteract negative effects or to take advantage of the opportunities offered by climate change in this region.

  • 304.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Pettersson, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The Relevance of Cluster Initiatives in Rural Areas: Regional Policy in Sweden2012Ingår i: Urbani Izziv, ISSN 0353-6483, E-ISSN 1855-8399, Vol. 23, nr Suppl. 1, s. S42-S52Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The relatively weak performance of sparsely populated areas has been given substantial attention in many regional, national and European Union initiatives. Many rural areas are struggling with development problems such as depopulation, advanced ageing, industrial restructuring and high levels of structural unemployment. In Sweden these issues are mainly associated with the difficulties in the non-metropolitan sparsely populated areas in the northern and southeastern parts. Here, the issue of implementing general cluster policies in sparsely populated regions in order to enhance their economic development is in focus. This research includes an overview of existing Swedish regional growth and development programmes that exemplify the current regional policies. It is found that the concepts of clusters and innovation systems have become important for policy on national and regional levels of government, but the understanding of the concepts is poor. In spite of regional variations in preconditions for cluster development, there are no clear regional modifications in the interpretation of clusters as described in the documents. One conclusion is that regional and local strategies to develop businesses in sparsely populated areas would benefit from using examples from non-metropolitan regions as a point of departure rather than using experiences drawn from high-tech industries located in metropolitan areas usually referenced in the international literature. The routine use of cluster and innovation systems in policy on the regional level underlines the need for more empirically based research on the preconditions for cluster development in sparsely populated areas.

  • 305.
    Lundmark, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Eco-protectorates, planning and nature based tourism2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 306.
    Löffler, Günther
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Lebensmitteleinzelhandel in Schweden - Wandel der Betriebsformen und Auswirkungen auf die Versorgung2004Ingår i: Geographische Rundschau, nr 56Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 307.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    An empty land?: on population dynamics and ageing in a North European periphery2010Ingår i: Europa Regional, ISSN 0943-7142, Vol. 16, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 308.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Demographic drivers and future forests2009Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 309.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Longitudinal data for interdisciplinary ageing research: Design of the Linnaeus Database2010Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 38, nr 7, s. 761-767Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale: To allow for interdisciplinary research on the relations between socioeconomic conditions and health in the ageing population, a new anonymized longitudinal database – the Linnaeus Database – has been developed at the Centre for Population Studies at Umeå University. This paper presents the database and its research potential.

    Design: Using the Swedish personal numbers the researchers have, in collaboration with Statistics Sweden and the National Board for Health and Welfare, linked individual records from Swedish register data on death causes, hospitalization and various socioeconomic conditions with two databases – Betula and VIP (Västerbottens Intervention Programme) – previously developed by the researchers at Umeå University. Whereas Betula includes rich information about e.g. cognitive functions, VIP contains information about e.g. lifestyle and health indicators.

    Population and sample size: The Linnaeus Database includes annually updated socioeconomic information from Statistics Sweden registers for all registered residents of Sweden for the period 1990 to 2006, in total 12,066,478. The information from the Betula includes 4,500 participants from the city of Umeå and VIP includes data for almost 90,000 participants. Both datasets include cross-sectional as well as longitudinal information.

    Potential: Due to the coverage and rich information, the Linnaeus Database allows for a variety of longitudinal studies on the relations between, for instance, socioeconomic conditions, health, lifestyle, cognition, family networks, migration and working conditions in ageing cohorts.

    Conclusions: By joining various datasets developed in different disciplinary traditions new possibilities for interdisciplinary research on ageing emerge.

  • 310.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Pettersson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Distance to elderly parents: Analyses of Swedish register data2007Ingår i: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 17, nr 23, s. 679-704Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, features of and trends in child-parent proximity in Sweden are analyzed using comprehensive register data. The results show that 85% of older parents have adult children within a radius of 50 km, of which 10% live ‘just around the corner’; corresponding figures for adult children are 72% and 5%, respectively. The study gives no indication of increasing intergenerational distances. Results from logistic regressions show that adult children who are well educated, female, older, born in Sweden, who are not parents, who live in densely populated areas, and have siblings are less likely to stay in the same region as their parents.

  • 311.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Den goda platsen: Platsanknytning och flyttningsbeslut bland unga vuxna i Sverige2005Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 312.
    Marcinczak, Szymon
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    University of Tartu.
    Change or continuity?: Evolution of residential and workplace segregation in the Stockholm metropolitan region2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The origins of immigrants coming to Sweden as well as their lifestyles and labour market skills have changed substantially since the early 1990s. The last decades have also resulted in a gradual transition of the Swedish economy from industrial to more service oriented (activities relatedto ‘the new economy’). These two processes inevitably contributed to the pace of segregation in major urban regions of Sweden, regions that have been at the forefront of economic change and that have remained the main destination of many immigrants. So far, the majority of studies on segregation in Sweden have been limited to research the residential dimension only. Yet, it should be emphasised that cities contain clusters of jobs and people and that these clusters together form the socio-economic fabric of urban regions. This paper thus adopts a dynamic approach to exa- mine the evolution of residential and workplace segregation in the ethnically diverse Stockholm Metropolitan Region. Referring to the recent advancements in segregation studies we define the phenomenon of segregation as both process and pattern, and scrutinize them respectively.

  • 313.
    Marell, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bilisters inställning till dynamisk hastighetsanpassning1998Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 314.
    Marell, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Deregulation and re-regulation - the Swedish experience.1999Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 315.
    Marell, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Deregulation of the Swedish taxi-cab industry - vehicle utilization.1995Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 316.
    Marell, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Electronic speed control - some empirical findings of testing equipment for dynamic speed adjustment.1997Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 317.
    Marell, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Elektroniska "fartkollare" i Umeå.1997Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 318.
    Marell, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    How do altered market conditions effect perceived service quality? A study of the Swedish deregulation of the taxicab industry.2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 319.
    Marell, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Intelligent transportation system and traffic safety: – drivers perception and acceptance of electronic speed checkers1999Ingår i: Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, ISSN 0968-090X, E-ISSN 1879-2359, Vol. 7, nr 2-3, s. 131-147Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) can play an important role in reducing risks and increasing traffic safety. Discussion as to whether a technological approach or a behavioral approach is the right way to achieve a safer traffic environment forms a point of departure for this paper. On the one hand, there are the technicians who emphasize technology as the way towards safer traffic. Behaviorists, on the other hand, view the drivers’ behavior as fundamental and argue that education and incentive-oriented policies are essential in order to influence the driver and therefore increase traffic safety. Independent of the approach advocated a successful outcome of either a technological improvement, or an information campaign, has to be based on a high level of acceptance among potential users. In order to increase traffic safety, it is therefore essential to recognize driver motivation and attitudes. In this paper we focus on drivers’ attitudes towards risk, traffic safety and safety measures. A study of drivers’ attitudes and acceptance of an electronic device for speed checking (which the drivers tested for nine months) indicated a high acceptance level. The drivers perceived that they had both become more aware of traffic regulations and behaved in accordance with safety regulations.

  • 320.
    Marell, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Traveller information systems: The perception of dynamic speed adjustment.1997Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 321.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    An inquiry into second-home-induced displacement2009Ingår i: Tourism and Hospitality Planning & Development, ISSN 1479-053X, E-ISSN 1479-0548, ISSN 1479-053X, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 207-219Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to shed empirical light on the debate concerning second-home tourism and displacement of permanent residents. This is done by studying the most exclusive second-home area in Sweden, the Stockholm archipelago, and especially the island of Sandö, one of the most affected islands. Data were collected using a questionnaire examining all out-migrants from the island during the period 1991–2006. The questions concern out-migrants’ reasons for leaving the island and the extent to which second-home development had an impact on their migration decision. The core question is whether second-home tourism poses a displacement effect on the permanent population, through price inflation and limiting the supply of dwellings.

  • 322.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Route to destruction?: second home tourism in small island communities2007Ingår i: Island Studies Journal, ISSN 1715-2593, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 27-46Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely argued that second home demand causes the displacement of permanentresidents. This study examines the displacement theory by looking at three case islands inthe Stockholm archipelago, scrutinizing the development of population figures and secondhomes. Results show that the individuals migrating from these islands are improving theirsituation compared to prior to their migration; there are also signs that the decision tomigrate is associated with major events in life such as studies, job opportunities and familyformation. Hence, this study questions the simplified suggestion that there is a widespreaddisplacement of people due to outside demand for second homes.

  • 323.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Second home tourism and displacement in the Stockholm archipelago2009Ingår i: Nordic Tourism: Issues and Cases, Channel View, Clevedon , 2009Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 324.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Second home tourism: The root to displacement in Sweden?2008Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    During certain seasons, rural and peripheral locations with significant numbers of second homes become the destination for major traffic and commodity flows. The outcome of this seasonal flow can be somewhat problematic and cause conflicts. One of the most controversial issues of conflict is whether the demand for second homes has a displacement effect on permanent residents. It has been argued that, especially in attractive destinations, the demand for second homes has caused an involuntary out-migration of permanent residents. More affluent second home buyers can outbid the competition from permanent residents. Hence, permanent residents must buy dwellings elsewhere, or must leave due to rising living costs through increased property taxes in the area. This thesis aims to study the issue of second home induced displacement in attractive second home locations in Sweden. This is justified because it is unknown to what extent second homes have contributed to the problems in these areas.

    The thesis consists of four empirical studies presented in four separate papers. The studies derive from two different data sources. The first three papers are based on official register data, whereas the fourth paper is based on data collected from a questionnaire survey. The first paper is aimed at finding possible locations of second home induced displacement in Sweden. Results show that areas with a positive population development, proximity to the sea and with long traditions of tourism seem to attract second home owners. The Stockholm archipelago has been deemed to be the most attractive second home region in Sweden and a place that may possibly harbour second home induced displacement. The second paper tests the displacement theory in a regional context in the Stockholm archipelago. Results show that the number of second homes has decreased in favour of permanent homes. Further, the permanent homes’ share of the total property values in the area is increasing. Hence, permanent homes have strengthened their position, implying that dwellings used for permanent purposes have a higher impact on price inflation for dwellings than second homes do. The Stockholm archipelago is in a state of repopulation rather than second home induced displacement. Paper three examines in- and out-migration and dwelling development in three case study islands in the Stockholm archipelago. Results show that these islands have the preconditions for displacement. However, results also show that individuals leave the islands for reasons associated with major events in life such as studies and job opportunities, not displacement. The final paper deals with second home related out-migration from the island of Sandö, one of the single most attractive destinations in Sweden. Results show that the out-migrants left the island on a voluntary basis and did not perceive themselves as being displaced. They state that their life improved after they left Sandö and they are, in general, not willing to return. The paper concludes that people move from the rural periphery to urban areas in order to find a better future and this move is not associated with a forced displacement.

    In conclusion, this thesis has shown that second home tourism is not a widespread problem or the main cause of depopulation in attractive second home destinations in Sweden. As for many other countries throughout the world, the preconditions for a displacement situation are present in many locations. However, other causes such as job opportunities and educational possibilities are more important in explaining the negative population development. Second home owners are described as an external threat to the traditional way of life and serve as convenient scapegoats, compared to less tangible and underlying causes, which are far more difficult to address.

  • 325.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The displacement myth: second home tourism in the Stockholm archipelago2007Ingår i: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 296-317Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Second homes are important for many households in Sweden. However, second homes are not uncontroversial and sometimes cause conflicts between the second home owners and locals. In attractive destinations, second homes are frequently blamed for creating price inflation, increased property values and higher property tax for all dwellings, including permanent homes. It is argued that this development is causing a displacement of permanent residents from these areas. However, others argue that the current depopulation trend in attractive second home destinations is caused by a restructuring of the rural labour market. This study departs from this societal and scientific conflict and has its aim in testing the displacement theory. This is done through an empirical case study dealing with essential issues regarding the development of second homes, permanent homes and changes in property values. The case area is the most popular second home destination in Sweden: the archipelago of Stockholm. Results show that increased assessed property values are caused primarily by increasing numbers of permanent homes, and the area is being repopulated rather than depopulated. The study concludes that no evidence of displacement caused by second home demand can be traced on a regional geographical level.

  • 326.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Second homes' assessed property value development in Sweden 1991-20012004Ingår i: Recent Trends in Tourism: The Baltic and the World, Greifswald , 2004, s. 233-252Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 327.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The development of second homes’ assessed property values in Sweden 1991-20012007Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 202-222Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The second home phenomenon is deeply rooted within the Swedish society. To own a second home or have frequent access to a second home is important and desirable for the Swedish population. The comparably high level of second home ownership in the country manifests this. Second homes are scattered all over the country, with main concentrations in or near densely populated areas. Some, not unimportant, concentrations can be registered in places with relatively low population density and at a considerable long distance from major population centres. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in second homes among the Swedish population, but also increasingly from incoming visitors. This has resulted in a growing competition for properties, especially those located in attractive areas with high amenity values. The purpose of this paper is to identify attractive second home landscapes and their characteristics in Sweden. Utilizing data from the comprehensive geo-referenced database ASTRID (generated by Statistics Sweden) covering all second homes in Sweden 1991-2001, attractive second home landscapes are examined and defined.

  • 328.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Hur långt är det till Stockholm?: Pris som avståndsmått2007Ingår i: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, nr 2-3, s. 17-23Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 329.
    Martel, Catherine
    et al.
    Charles Darwin University.
    Carson, Dean
    Charles Darwin University.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bubbles and craters: analysing ageing patterns of remote area populations2011Ingår i: Demography at the edge: remote human populations in developed nations / [ed] Dean Carson, Rasmus Ole Rasmussen, Prescott Ensign, Lee Huskey, Andrew Taylor, Farnham: Ashgate, 2011, s. 107-123Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 330.
    Mattsson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Pettersson, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Cross-border collaboration in the North: Viewpoints of municipal representatives and firm managers on the Bothnian Arc project2005Ingår i: Fennia, Vol. 183, nr 2, s. 97-107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 331. Mattsson, Pontus
    et al.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Vad händer efter examen?: Lärarstudenters situation efter avslutad utbildning vid Umeå universitet2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 332.
    Moen, Jon
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Keskitalo, E Carina H
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Interlocking panarchies in multi-use boreal forests in Sweden2010Ingår i: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 15, nr 3, artikel-id 17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses northern Sweden as a case study of a multi-use social-ecological system, in which forestry and reindeer husbandry interact as different land use forms in the same area. We aim to describe the timeline of main events that have influenced resource use in northern Sweden, that is, to attempt a historical profiling of the system, and to discuss these trends in the system in terms of adaptive cycles and resilience. The study shows that key political decisions have created strong path dependencies and a situation in which forestry today is characterized by low flexibility and low resilience due to the highly optimized harvesting of tree resources. Since forestry is the overwhelmingly strongest actor, trends in forestry from the mid-19th century forward are, to a large part, driving dynamics in reindeer husbandry and environmental protection, resulting in a system of interlocking panarchies with large implications for the competing land uses.

  • 333.
    Molin, Torkel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Paju, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Pettersson, Richard
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Kulturarvet och entreprenören: Om nyskapat kulturarv i Västerbottens Guldrike2007Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 334.
    Mulder, Clara
    et al.
    University of Groningen, Netherlands.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Local Ties and Family Migration2014Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 46, nr 9, s. 2195-2211Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The migration of couples and families has thus far been approached mainly from human-capital and gender perspectives. In this article, we investigate how the male and female partner’s local ties influence the likelihood of family migration. Our hypotheses are that local ties to work and family strongly decrease the likelihood of migrating; that, given the dominating gender structures, ties to the man’s work are more influential than ties to the woman’s work; and that ties to the woman’s family are more influential than ties to the man’s family. We use data from the ASTRID micro database for Sweden, based on administrative information about the entire Swedish population. Logistic regression analysis was applied to moves that exceeded a distance of 50 kilometers for two-gender couples who did not separate in the period December 2004-December 2005. With regard to the likelihood of migrating, we find marked negative associations in the following: working close to home, the presence of parents and siblings nearby, and whether someone lives near the place of birth. The man’s ties to work seem to be more important to the likelihood of migrating than the woman’s, but we find hardly any gender differences in the impact of ties to family.

  • 335. Mulinari, Diana
    et al.
    Räthzel, Nora
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Everyday working lives in a transnational corporation in Mexico: the contradictory cooptation of trade unionists2011Ingår i: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 32, nr 3, s. 379-399Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to contribute to the rich literature on neoliberalization and trade unions in Mexico by providing an examination of the contradictory relationships between capital, trade unions and the workers they represent, in a Swedish-based transnational corporation. The article investigates how the broader international relationships of dependency and exploitation are lived by workers and trade unionists in the everyday of a transnational corporation in Mexico, where the power of the trade unions has been undermined by politics of neoliberalization and by the demise of the ruling party, with which the unions are allied. Its thesis is that trade unions are changing from being power brokers between governments, companies and workers to becoming mediators of subordination to the company. While they still retain some of their power (for instance their participation in hiring and firing), they are becoming unable to secure work security and workers’ rights. In the everyday working life of a factory this means that unionists are torn between their need and wish to protect workers´ rights and their jobs as union officials. In this context, they experience a need to subordinate themselves and the workers they are supposed to represent to the strategy of the management. They employ a number of strategies to legitimate their existence, none of which appears to be very convincing to the workers. While the union´s strategies undermine their ability and that of the workers to organize for their rights, it also produces a dissatisfaction among workers that counters the companys attempt to organize consent and motivation.

  • 336.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Destinationer och kulturarv2007Ingår i: Industrihistoriska kulturarv: Sociala och ekonomiska aspekter, Riksantikvarieämbetet, Stockholm , 2007, s. 11-14Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 337.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Fritidsboende - slumrande resurs för landsbygdskommuner2008Ingår i: Ska hela Sverige leva?, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet Formas , 2008, s. 143-154Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har mer än en halv miljon fritidshus. Det betyder att troligen mer än en miljon människor vistas på landsbygden utan att det avspeglas i den offentliga statistiken. Idag används dessa hus mycket mer än tidigare - vissa fritidshusägare är till och med mer "hemma" där än på den plats där de är mantalsskrivna. Vilka konsekvenser får det att Sverige använder ett föråldrat sätt att räkna sin befolkning?

  • 338.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Landsbygdens "osynliga" befolkning2008Ingår i: Miljöforskning: Formas tidning för ett hållbart samhälle, ISSN 1650-4925, nr 5-6, s. 29-31Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Övernattningar i landets mer än 500 000 fritidshus svarar för en fjärdedel av alla övernattningar utanför hemmet. Nordiska erfarenheter tyder på att många hushåll spenderar två månader per år i sina fritidshus. Detta har dock än så länge knappt uppmärksammats i Sverige trots att detta delade boende kan tänkas ha omfattande konsekvenser för berörda kommuner och hushåll.

  • 339.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Planering för turistdestinationer2007Ingår i: Utveckla turistdestinationer: Ett svenskt perspektiv, Uppsala Publishing House, Uppsala , 2007, s. 199-218Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 340.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Samarbeta lokalt – konkurrera globalt2007Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 341.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Second Homes2007Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 342.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Second homes in the Nordic countries: Between common heritage and exclusive commodity2007Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 193-201Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 343.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Sportturism: En lösning för glesbygdens strukturproblem?2007Ingår i: Svensk idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 16, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 344.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Amenity migration and tourism development in the Tärna mountains, Sweden2006Ingår i: The Amenity Migrants: Seeking and Sustaining Mounatains and their Cultures / [ed] Moss, L. A. G., Wallingford: CABI Publishing, 2006, s. 245-258Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the involvement of in-migrants with the local tourism labour market in a peripheral mountain area in Sweden. It explores the extent to which tourism development is assisted and caused by in-migrants as well as the role of local amenities in attracting the in-migrants. The analysis is accomplished through a case study of the mountain resort of Tarnaby/Hemavan, based on a 1991-2000 comprehensive geo-referencing micro-level database of Statistics Sweden. The study shows that tourism development indeed contributes to creating or maintaining jobs. However, the results of the study indicate that tourism-related employment is, to a considerable extent, chosen by in-migrants. Hence, tourism forms an important precondition for in-migration in that it provides service jobs with relatively low entrance barriers. Results also indicate that members of younger households, often from the neighbouring municipalities or from urban centres within the country and the south of Sweden, took these jobs. The rather young group of in-migrants hints at the presence of more consumption-led migration motives. Hence, the amenities of the mountain region inviting a variety of outdoor activities seem to be an important reason for relocating the place of the residence into the periphery, at least temporarily. 

  • 345.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Astrid Lindgrens landskap för tyska turister2009Ingår i: Astrid Lindgrens landskap: Hur landskapet kulturarv förändras, förstås, förvaltas och förmedlas, Stockholm: Vitterhetsakademin , 2009, s. 85-99Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 346.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Attraktioner i glesbygd - gömda, glömda eller ännu ej upptäckta?2005Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 347.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Conclusion: Polar tourism for regional development?2011Ingår i: Polar tourism: A tool for regional development / [ed] Alan A. Grenier & Dieter K. Müller, Québec: Presses de l'Université du Québec , 2011, s. 251-255Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 348.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Delårsboende som resurs för tillväxt och utveckling i norra Bohuslän: Resultat av en enkätundersökning2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 349.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Det kommersiella friluftslivet: En kartläggning av naturturismutbudet på de regionala turismorganisationernas hemsidor i Sverige2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Friluftslivet har gamla anor i den svenska kulturen men utan tvekan är det i förändring. En viktig sådan förändring är friluftslivets kommersialisering. Naturturism som kan sägas vara kommersialiserat friluftsliv har identifierats som en betydande faktor för regional utveckling inte minst eftersom den förväntas tillhandhålla nya arbetstillfällen. Mot denna bakgrund, vad kan då sägas om naturturism i Sverige? I denna studie har det används turistens perspektiv på naturturism. Hur försöker olika turistföretag och destinationer att få ut sitt utbud på marknaden och till individuella

    turister? För att svara på denna fråga har de regionala turismorganisationernas hemsidor kartlagds.

    Resultatet visar att det kommersiella friluftslivet i Sverige uppenbarligen är under utveckling men kan sägas vara redan nu överallt förekommande. Perifera områden profilerar sig delvis starkare inom naturturism men ett klart samband kan inte skönjas.Utvecklingen av naturturism är uppenbart beroende av många faktorer som innebär att situationen är komplex.

    Turister som använder sig av de regionala turismorganisationernas hemsidor möter en spretig bild av naturturism i Sverige. De regionala organisationerna tillämpar uppenbarligen olika system när det gäller att lista och indexera olika turistiska produkter i sina databaser. Vad turister hittar är mycket beroende av de län som de

    kan vara intresserade av.

    Ett intryck är att naturturismutbudet på de regionala turismorganisationernas webbplatser endast sällan leverera skäl för en resa. De kan hellre tänkas utgöra en inspirationskälla för dem som redan har bestämt destination och endast vill veta hur tiden på resmålet kan nyttjas på ett givande sätt.

  • 350.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Ett förnyat strandskydd eller ett slag i luften?2005Ingår i: PLAN, nr 5-6, s. 39-41Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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