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  • 301.
    Ekegren Winther, Lisa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Klimathotet i din tidning: En studie av klimathotets framställning i dagspress och kvällspress2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the threats from climate change coverage in the media. The climate threats start to appear more frequently in the media and because of that it is important to examine what the media conveys to the viewers and readers since it may effect how people act when it comes to climate threats. In this study newspaper has been examined, more specifically daily press and evening press. The papers chosen was Aftonbladet and Expressen, which represented evening press, and Dagens Nyheter represented daily press.

    The method applied was both a quantitative and qualitative text analysis. With the quantitative method variables were formed and tested against the material. After that the result were analyzed qualitative to gain greater depth with the result. The theory used in this study is primarily framing but also agenda setting and news value are used. The variables were formed after the theories, which mainly focused on framing, and specific frames. The specific frames were: conflict frame, human interest frame, economic consequences frame, morality frame and responsibility frame.

    The result showed that the newspapers framed the issue pretty similar. All the newspapers used the conflict frame and the human interest frame the least. The responsibility frame was used often and the government was usually given the responsibility. The newspapers differ when it comes to morality frame and the economic consequences frame. The daily paper used the morality frame more often then the evening press and the evening press used the economic consequences frame more frequently, portraying the climate threat.

  • 302.
    Ekstrand, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Kultur och medier.
    Kaj Anderssons Morgonbris: kvinnopress, trettiotal och längtan efter fri tid2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1930s the Swedish homes were modernized through a series of social reforms. As a result of this, time was expected to be released from the housewife’s daily domestic duties and the question was what to do with this time. In this dissertation the concept of time is used in the sense of free time as time for free thinking. The time issue during the thirties is an underlying question throughout the study. The magazine Morgonbris (1904-), a political campaign journal published by the social democratic women’s association (in Swedish: Socialdemokratiska kvinnoförbundet, SSKF) was the public arena for political issues of this kind.

    The aim of the study is to scrutinize the magazine, its shape (typography and layout) and content, the editors´ journalism as well as the relationship to the SSKF and the circle of readers during the decade, in order to describe the dramatic changes of this political and public arena with special focus on the editorship of Kaj Andersson (1931-1936).

    Methodologically this study draws on Hannah Arendt’s “storytelling” or “fragmented historiography”. Theoretically the concepts “public sphere” and “proletarian experiences” are adopted and Jürgen Habermas, Oscar Negt & Alexander Kluge as well as Pierre Bourdieu, are referred to. The gender perspectives of Joan F. Scott and Yvonne Hirdman are also adopted.

    Kaj Andersson’s ”active journalism” in Morgonbris exhibits two distinguishing characteristics during the thirties, it was clearly socialist and critical towards nazism and fascism and it was the most salient vehicle of modernity within the Swedish press at the time. She re-styled the magazine, gave it a new outfit and introduced a new kind of modern, photojournalism. The result was an economic upswing for the magazine. The heritage of Ellen Key´s aesthetics came forward in a consumer campaign, “The best of the industry to the needs of the homes” (Fabrikernas bästa till hemmens behov), which bears similarities to the “Better Homes of America” campaign, launched in the 1920s in the USA. The political path in both campaigns coincided partly with the agenda of Alva Myrdal. Also the “Housewife Holiday” campaign that Kaj Andersson initiated in Morgonbris was in line with the modernization of women’s life throughout the country. The exhausted housewives’ yearning for rest and temporary release from domestic duties was reflected in several articles, in which their grass-root initiatives were acknowledged as political action.

    Until Kaj Anderson left Morgonbris, after several schisms with the committee about her creative – her backbiters would say self-indulgent – style to run the editorial office, she balanced on the border between commercialism and socialism. Her background in the party press, the social democratic newspaper Social Demokraten, influenced her ideas, but her initiatives to turn to the fields of production and consumption also drove a wedge into the field of journalism, as an involuntary beginning to separate it from the field of politics.

  • 303.
    Ekstrand, Jonathan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Byström, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    “Man ska inte behöva skämmas när någon frågar var man jobbar”: En kvalitativ analys av populära IT-företagskommunikation på sociala medier2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractAuthors​: Johan Byström and Jonathan Ekstrand.

    Advisor​: Jesper Enbom.

    Examinator​: Eric Carlsson.

    The purpose of this thesis is to increase our understanding about how some of the most popular tech business’ use the phenomenon employer branding to make their own company look more attractive towards future workers through their social media channels. But also, expand our knowledge when it comes down to what makes a company attractive among students who study information technology and data programs. This thesis consisted of two methods which were a semiotic image analysis and two qualitative interviews. The data from the semiotic analysis consists of nine different images from the selected companies and the qualitative interviews consists of two separate group interviews which concluded a total of nine students from Umeå university.

    The results showed us new insights on how successful companies operate on their social media channels Instagram and Facebook. We could also identify that each company had their own idea of strategic communication on their channels. But something mutual between all channels were that they published content which purpose was to please a wider audience rather than a small selected group of people.

    Through this study we landed in the conclusion that the three companies do not aim their communication directly towards the group of students we interviewed. However, you can see patterns of the phenomenon employer branding in the published content, which contributes to make the companies look attractive. The interviewed students meant that the work environment had to be inviting. They also explained that some of the most important things that they look for in a future workplace are; fellowship, common interests and personal development. If companies use social media their chance of attractiveness and good reputation increases, rather than being lost in the crowd if they are never seen.

    Keywords: ​Employer branding, identity, social identity, social media, consumption, attractiveness, IT, personal development, corporate culture, students, communication, semiotics

  • 304. Ekström, Anders
    et al.
    Jülich, SolveigLundgren, FransWisselgren, PerUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    History of participatory media: politics and publics, 1750–20002011Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book argues for a historical perspective on issues relating to the notion of participatory media. Working from a broad concept of media – including essays on the 19th century press, early sound media, photography, exhibitions, television and the internet – the book offers a broad empirical approach to different modes of audience participation from the mid 19th century to the present. Using the insights from the historical case studies, the book also explores some of the key concepts in discussions on the politics of participation, arguing for a theoretical perspective sensitive to the asymmetries that characterize the distribution of agency in the relationship between media and users.

    Scholarly discussions on participatory media now occur in several fields. This book argues that all of these discussions are all too often obscured by a rhetoric of newness, assuming that participatory media is something unique in history, radical and revolutionary. By challenging the historiography implicit in this rhetoric, the book also engages in a discussion of issues of more general relevance to the multidisciplinary field of media history.

  • 305.
    Ekström, Anders
    et al.
    idé- och lärdomshistoria vid Uppsala universitet.
    Jülich, SolveigLinköpings universitet.Snickars, PelleStatens ljud- och bildarkiv, Stockholm.
    1897: mediehistorier kring Stockholmsutställningen2006Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mediehistoria var länge liktydigt med historien om 1900-­talets massmedier – press, radio, teve och film. I den här boken skildras istället ett äldre medielandskap. Med utgångspunkt i Stockholms-­ utställningen 1897 beskriver författarna det utbud av gamla och nya medier som samlades på utställningen, från äldre attraktioner som camera obscura, dioramor och vaxfigurer till spektakulära nyheter som fonograf, kinematograf och röntgenbilder. Boken ger inblickar i några av det sena 1800-­talets ledande medieindust-­ rier, och diskuterar bland annat frågor om mediekonsumtion, publikpositioner och historiska medieringsvillkor. Sammantaget framträder en komplex mediekultur med förbindelser både till det förra sekelskiftets museiinstitutioner och ett äldre utbud av audiovisuella attraktioner, men också till 1900-­talets förmenta mediemodernitet och våra dagars digitala ”revolution”.

    De medietekniker som presenterades på Stockholmsutställning-­ en 1897 lagrade på samma gång utställningen för framtiden. Ett centralt tema är därför hur dessa medieringar blivit identiska med minnet av utställningen, och hur detta arkiv organiserats utifrån mediernas specifika egenskaper. På den dvd-­skiva som medföljer boken har ett nytt mediearkiv skapats över Stock-­ holmsutställningen 1897 och dess många länkar till en bredare mediekultur.

  • 306.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Interactivity in Egyptian newspapers2015Ingår i: Social Semiotics, ISSN 1035-0330, E-ISSN 1470-1219, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 33-56Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The utilisation of information and communications technologies (ICTs) in Egypt has irrevocably changed the nature of the traditional Egyptian public sphere. One can see the Egyptian online society as a multiplicity of networks. These networks have developed, transformed and expanded over time, operating across all areas of life. Nonetheless, in essence they are sociopolitical and cultural in origin. This trend changed the way audiences consumed news, with traditional media - especially independent and opposition - started to utilise ICTs to access online information to develop their media content to escape government control. Several media organisations also started to expand their presence online so that, as well as providing news content, they also provided them with a "space" to interact amongst themselves and with media organisations. Audiences started to provide detailed descriptions of Egyptian street politics, posting multimedia material, generating public interest and reinforcing citizen power hence democratic capacity.

  • 307.
    Elgh, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi.
    Ljuslinder, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Palmgren, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk mikrobiologi, Infektionssjukdomar.
    Westum, Asbjörg
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Pandemipanik i pressen2009Ingår i: Journalisten : Svenska journalistföreningens fackorgan, ISSN 0022-5592Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 308.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Audience comments, racism and Sami2018Ingår i: Diaspora and Media Working Group: Abstracts of papers presented at the annual conference of the International Association for Media and Communication Research, 2018, s. 7-7, artikel-id 18285Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sami are indigenous people living in northern Sweden, Finland, Norway and Russia. The population is estimated as 20 000-40 000 people in Sweden, 50 000-65 000 in Norway, ca 8000 in Finland, and ca 2000 in Russia. There are several Sami languages: Northern Sami with its ca 17 000 speakers is the largest, whereas the other languages have only a few hundred speakers each.

    This study compares audience/reader comments written for Sami related topics in majority and minority media. The material covers comments for both Northern regional newspapers, and Sami public service broadcasters. Newspaper comments were posted in 2012-2013, just before the newspapers closed anonymous commenting option. Johansson-Lönn (2014) has analysed the news stories but not the comments. SR Sameradion and SVT Oddasat target primarily Sami (speaking) audience. In spring 2017, they run a hashtag campaign, encompassing several interviews covering both personal experiences and expert opinions of everyday racism. These stories were also shared and commented on Facebook. The audience was asked to contribute with their own stories via #everydayracismagainstsami. Musician Sofia Jannok participated in the hashtag campaign via Sami broadcasters and her own Facebook fanpage. Those comments are included as well. In late 2017, UR (educational channel) aired a 3-part series covering Sami history, which is also a story of the Swedish state's expansion to Sami Homeland (Sapmi), including racism and discrimination. The series is available on UR Play and each episode was shared and commented on Facebook. The mentioned social media pages are open and public, but require login to Facebook or Twitter.

    It is therefore interesting see if there is a difference between comments made for stories told from majority and Sami point of view, and if there is a difference between anonymous and non- anonymous comments. The method used is connected concept analysis based on the idea of distant reading (Lindgren 2012). The tool used is Textometrica developed by Lindgren and HumLab at Umeå University.

    In newspapers CCA identifies two key nodal concepts: predators and reindeers. The main fault lines go between “wolf-positive” and “kill-them” attitudes, and between positive and negative attitudes to Sami reindeer herders. Content in public service broadcasters is per definition Sami focused, which is reflected in the comments. Thus the organizing key node is Sami, relating to minor nodal concepts of culture, racism, and Swedes. UR series’ third episode covers Swedish race biologists' scull measuring trips to Sapmi, which created a long discussion, finally ending to Hitler and Nazis. Reindeer herding is here more peripheral theme as there is more focus on language and other cultural aspects.

  • 309.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Södertörns högskola.
    Ett brokigt förflutet: gränsdragningen mellan ”Vi” och ”Dom” i Svenska Dagbladet och Dagens Nyheter2000Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines imagined boundaries between Swedes and non-Swedes. Rather than using pre-determined definitions as a starting point, the attempt is to examine the discursive construction of difference. The purpose is not to study the portrayal of immigrants per se but to examine how the “immigrant-ness” is constructed. The result shows the perception of “immigrant-ness” is linked more to a person’s origin than to the act of immigration itself. 

    The selected newspapers are Dagens Nyheter (DN) and Svenska Dagbladet (SvD) for the period of 15th November – 21st November, 1999. The theoretical frame is based on discourse analysis, myths, representation and construction of whiteness and blackness (e.g. Hall, Foucault, Barthes, Fanon, Dyer, Ristilammi). News coverage of ethnic minorities is also discussed (e.g. Dijk, Campbell).  The methodological approach is based on semiotics and critical linguistics. 

    The result shows mainly that people of non-Western origin are presented as Others (immigrants). Eastern Europeans fall into a more ambiguous category, being both different and similar. However, both groups are linked to “suburbs”, a racialized sign connoting non-Swedish populations and socio-economic problems, thus closely linking those problems and segregation to “immigrant-ness”. On the other hand, white, well-educated non-Swedes are described as cosmopolitan, i.e. persons whose “non-Swedishness” is a positive feature. 

  • 310.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Remembering the civil war: from hatred to conciliation2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2018, it is hundred years since the Finnish Civil War, which ended in May 16 with the White Army’s victory parade at Senate Square in Helsinki. Nation is an imagined and commemorative community (Anderson 1993), and journalism functions as a social storyteller (Kitsch 2007, 2008; Zelizer 2008). Therefore, it’s interesting to study how the war was remembered in military magazines Suomen Sotilas, and Suojeluskuntalaisen lehti, founded soon after the war. Suomen Sotilas still exists, whereas Suojeluskuntalaisen lehti, later called Hakkapeliitta, was closed down in 1945. The material consists of articles published in both magazines in 1918-1919, and in Suomen Sotilas in 2018.  After the war the White Army was reorganized into the regular army, and the voluntary auxiliary defence organisations Suojeluskunnat and Lotta Svärd. Lottas used the military magazines until Lotta Svärd magazine was founded in 1928. Siironen (2012) sees these organizations as White Finland’s most important organizational core. In 1918-1919, stories written by/of women are few, and they contain hardly any references to the enemy (Ellefson 2016). Topics in male authors’ texts are similar in 1918 & 2018, but the framing changes from open hatred to understanding – but not necessarily accepting - the Red’s side of the story.

  • 311.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Stockholm university.
    "Sons of the Midnight Sun": Korpelanism, Sámi and Finnish Minorities in Swedish Newspapers in late 1930s2012Ingår i: Media History Monographs, ISSN 1940-8862, E-ISSN 1940-8862, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 1-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the winter of 1935 a series of strange events began to unfold. It began with news items abouta flying ark that would take the true believers to the Promised Land. A religious group called the Korpelans saw the new Finnish bible translation as the abomination of desolation, which meant that the end was near. They began to end their earthly lives by quitting their jobs, getting rid of their property, etc. Such peculiar behavior caught reporters' attention and the drive was on. Coverage of the movement consisted of various rumors and rather random accounts of threats, curses, and the constant praying of members and their retreat from everyday life and reality. Since the event took place among the Sami and Finnish minorities living in Northern Sweden at the juncture of the Swedish, Finnish and Norwegian borders, there were also ample amounts of exoticism.

  • 312.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Staten är vår herde god: Representationer av annorlundahet och ordning i fyra svenska trettiotalstidningar2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to study representation of order and otherness in the late 1930’s Swedish press. That is, who are envisioned as "us" and who are the "Others"? The theoretical frame is based on Foucault’s concepts of pastoral power, the reason of state and biopolitics. The Good Shepherd is an excellent metaphor for the Nordic-style welfare state and the Foucauldian approach fits well with the social Darwinist and race biological metaphors of the time. Furthermore, news, myths and law articulate public morality and belong to disciplining, naturalizing and normalizing discourses. The symbolic boundaries between “We” and “Them” are outlined and modes of thinking, acceptable ways of behavior, and possible solutions for existing problems are provided. The material examined consists of four Stockholm-based newspapers Dagens Nyheter, Stockholms-Tidningen, Svenska Dagbladet and Social-Demokraten. The years studied are 1935 and 1938. The quantitative content analysis is based on a selection of four months from each year. The articles are coded according to a theme and the characteristics of the actors. Gripsrud’s version of Propp’s actant model is used to examine the narrative structure of the stories. Linguistic tools, such as ideational and interpersonal functions, are used to analyze the individual texts. The groups depicted as deviant include religious sects, ethnic minorities, foreigners, criminals and political activists on the extreme right and extreme left. A number of articles discuss various social problems in more general terms. Quantitatively more than eighty percent of the material consists of crime news. Approximately five percent of the articles are about ethnic minorities and foreigners. Religious sects and political extremists constitute about one percent each and roughly ten percent of the material is about social problems.

  • 313.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    The Hero's Mother: Lotta Svärd and mediated memories2016Ingår i: The Dynamics of Cultural Borders / [ed] Anu Kannike and Monika Tasa, Tartu: University of Tartu , 2016, s. 147-168Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the retrospective meaning making of the 1918 Finnish Civil War, a dramatic rupture in the country’s history. The aim is to study how the war and pre-war activities were perceived, described and remembered by the Lotta Svärd organisation. Lotta Svärd was born out of bourgeois women’s desire to help the White Army and the voluntary auxiliary defence organisation Suojeluskunnat (the White Guards). Lotta groups were initially subordinated to local Suojeluskunta units and became a separate organisation in 1921. Due to its popularity and size, Lotta Svärd played an important role in shaping the national consciousness and memories of the 1918 war. The organisation is of great interest, since, over the years, Lottas have both lost and regained their good reputation.

    The material consists of the Lotta Svärd magazine and Lotta pages in the military magazines Suomen Sotilas, Suojeluskuntalaisen lehti and Hakkapeliitta in the period 1919‒1939. As the Winter War began on 30 November 1939, memories of the 1918 war faded into the background. Much of remembering (and forgetting) is socially motivated, since memories need to be communicated (Cubitt 2007; Fentress & Wickham 1992). However, the early wartime experiences shaped the Lotta organisation’s activities, membership requirements, ideology and sense of belonging. Lotta pages and magazines often described individual members’ experiences and contributions to the national struggle. Texts were typically written from the point of view of ‘us’ or ‘I’, meaning that the individual was always positioned as serving the organisation and the Fatherland. The 1918 war was ‘kept alive’ by various rituals, involving sacralisation of the Nation, for example flag raising or visits to war cemeteries. Such events were also described in the magazines, meaning that there was an element of anniversary journalism (Kitch 2007; 2008). In the process these rituals were turned into Lotta rituals.

    The Red and White Guards can trave their history back to the 1905 general strike. Such groups were formed on both sides to ’keep order’ in the streets. However, the first clashes occured during the strike. Suojeluskunnat grew out of this experience and formed an essential part of the Civil War White Army under mannerheim’s leadership. There is no established translation for Suojeluskunta (or, Suojeluskunnat in plural), which was an essential part of the White Army. Suojelus means ‘protection’. Kunta has several meanings, but in this context it refers to a collective, for example ihmiskunta means ‘mankind’. The word valkokaarti (White Guard) also exists, for example in Helsingin valkokaarti (White Guard of Helsinki). In Finnish Suojeluskunta is more common, since it is the official name of the organisation. Haapala and Tikka (2012, 81) speak of “Protection Guard”, combining suojelus and kaarti. Heimo and Peltonen (2006, 52) prefer “White Guard”. Lavery (2006), Nevala-Nurmi (2006), Ahlbäck and Kivimäki (2008) say “Civil Guard”. Kirby (2006) uses suojeluskunta but also mentions “the White Guards”. The Reds used the word lahtarit, i.e. the butchers. I will use “White Guards” to emphasise the political element and the link to the White Finland.

  • 314.
    Ellefson, Merja
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    The People’s Home? Crime, class, gender and ethnicity in the 1930s Swedish dailies2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation discusses the relationship between crime, ethnicity, social class and gender in Swedish dailies in the late 1930s. The 1930s can be seen as the beginning of the formation of the People’s Home. It is consequently interesting to study the crime news, which groups were perceived as deviant and what figural solutions were offered. Different groups can be excluded for different reasons and the degree of exclusion may differ. However, all the Others have one thing in common - Us. In Hegelian terms we could speak of the dialectic of the lord and the bondsman (Herr vs Knecht). Bird-Pollen (2013) says that the lord is ”stuck in his instrumental relation to the world in which he sees himself as the sole source of normativity // (and) recognises no one as his equal”.  In other words, We, the First, decide that the Second is not like Us, doesn’t behave like Us and We do not like him. In the process the Second turns into the Other. It is therefore interesting to examine the crime news’ construction of deviance in the light of the idea of People’s Home, who is included or excluded, who can be reformed and who is beyond honour and uprightness.  Crime news has a long history. Leth (1994) traces it to the 16-17th century newsletters and Chermak (1994) to the 18th century courtreporting. Carrabine (2008) speaks of ancient oral storytelling and early ’gallows journalism’. There is a complex relationship between news and social order. The media have an important role in mediating cultural norms and values. Pollack (2001) sees crime news as an arena for cultural conflict and says that both the law and the news are part of a hegemonic process. Ericson et al (1991) and Doyle (2006) think that as communicative processes news, myths and law work in similar ways. They belong to normalising, disciplining and naturalising discourses that are in an intertextual relationship with each other and with other normalising institutions and discourses (Ericson et al 1991).⁠ These communicative processes provide social stories, showing society’s shared values and beliefs. They offer recognition, a sense of security and credible answers and explanations for various phenomena and events.  The data consists of news items with Swedish and non-Swedish, male and female, lower and upper-class villains, as well as unruly communists and national socialists with alleged links to foreign powers. Crime news can thus reveal subtle imagined hierarchies. Although ethnicity had a stronger stigmatizing effect than social class, it didn’t apply equally to all ethnic groups. The poor whites were portrayed differently depending on their nationality. Finns and Travelers in particular were linked to knives, alcohol and fighting. Finns also appeared in the crime news as unruly Communists. Other ethnic minorities and foreigners were fairly invisible in this material. Reporting about female villains was a sensitive and difficult matter. Stories of mothers killing their children were potentially newsworthy but, in reality, got much less attention than male perpetrators.

  • 315.
    Ellefson, Merja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Agirreazkuenaga, I.
    Ferrández Ferrer, A.
    Graf, H.
    Pavlikova, M.
    Ethnic Minority Media in Russia, the UK, Germany, Spain, Estonia and the Nordic Countries2016Ingår i: ECREA 2016 Abstract Book: Mediated (Dis)Continuities: Contesting Pasts, Presents and Futures, Prague: CZECH-IN, s. r. o. , 2016, s. 114-114, artikel-id PP 311Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim is to examine how ethnic minority media emerged and became a factor in the development of media landscapes. What media is minority media? How important are societal contexts in different countries or regions? What key factors, forces and processes shape the minority media landscape? What differences and similarities can be identified, and explained? We discuss media produced by or for ethnic minorities, beginning with the foundation of minority language periodicals, and moving on to radio and television programming. We also discuss representation of ethnic minorities in mainstream media, and ethnic diversity - or lack thereof - in media companies. Finally, the emergence of broadcast media led to demands for minority programming, which has gradually expanded in the wake of migration and recognition of national minorities. Minority media, public or private, is vulnerable in times of economic crisis. Digitalization has opened new possibilities. But, the Internet is dominated by majority languages (Cunliff 2007).   In the late 19th century Europe technological innovations and favorable conditions created flourishing press markets. Ethnic or nationalistic activists followed suit, founding the first periodicals. However, multiple changes in borders, state formations and central concepts make it difficult to determine which ethnic groups can be seen as minorities. There are no universal definitions of ‘minority’, ‘indigenous people’ or ’migrants’. The concept of ‘minority’ arose in the aftermath of WWI and signing of first minority treaties (Jackson 1998). But, how do we conceptualize ethnic groups in the 19th century multiethnic conglomerate states? Such states either didn’t have ethnic majorities, or people weren’t conceptualized in that manner. We use the term ‘ethnic minority’, to encompass migrants, national minorities and indigenous people. Some ethnic communities changed status from minority to majority, or vice versa. Estonians, Russians and Finns are examples of this. The countries discussed are Spain, the UK, Germany, Estonia, Russia, and the Nordic countries. Although many minorities live in transnational spaces, the frame of reference is the nation-state. Media markets are in many ways national spaces which affect the markets’ functional and institutional completeness, i.e. the range of media outlets, formats and genres (Moring 2007). Catalans, Basques, Finnish Swedes, and Tatars are examples of minorities with access to the widest range of alternatives. Others have few outlets and the content is primarily news and children’s programs. Some of the languages, such as Nivkh, Evenki, Saami, and Scottish Gaelic, are endangered or at risk. Small ethnic and linguistic communities have difficulty sustaining commercial media outlets. In such cases public service plays an important role.

  • 316.
    Ellefson, Merja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Kingsepp, Eva
    Karlstad universitet.
    The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Stereotyping Russia, the Western Way2004Ingår i: News of the Other. Tracing Identity in Scandinavian Constructions of the Eastern Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Kristina Riegert, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2004, s. 203-222Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 317.
    Elm, Sandra
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Det är skillnad på att ta guld och att ta damguld: En kvalitativ studie av kvinnors och mäns framställning i Expressen under Olympiska Spelen2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates articles from the newspaper Expressen focusing on the athletes participating in the Olympic games in Barcelona 1992 and in London 2012. The investigation is done from a gender perspective to see whether Expressen endorses or challenges the gender roles and power structures existing in today's society. The research questions aim to assist the study of how the male and the female athletes are portrayed in the articles, what definitions and attributes are associated with them and the credibility of their statements. Moreover, the articles from the two different time periods are compared to examine potential differences or similarities between the different decades, and if there has been a possible evolvement over the twenty years. The theories that have been utilized during the analysis is agenda setting, framing, the performative sex and the stereotypical gender contract. It is a qualitative study with analytical linguistics as the method.

    In the results it is found that the male athletes and their performances are more positively portrayed than the female athletes in both time periods. Stereotypes and gender roles are commonly used in the coverage from the Olympic games of 1992. However, in the coverage from 2012 many of the articles are challenging the issue, although the use of stereotypes is still visible. The results show that people who read Expressen during the Olympic games of 2012 were not as exposed to gender roles and power structures as the readers of 1992. 

  • 318.
    Emelie, Eriksson
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Den klickande aktivisten: En kvalitativ fallstudie om engagemang på Internet2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet have conduced individuals with a relatively easy and fast way to express theirinvolvement and to take a stand in various questions. These opportunities have beenquestioned, which have led to two opposite sides in the area of science, the optimists and thepessimists. The purpose of the study is to examine why individuals choose to engagethemselves online and in that way contribute to a deeper understanding of the underlyingreasons to the involvement. To create an understanding for the motives behind theinvolvement, the study has a hermeneutic methodology and an abductive approach. Thesurvey has been created through a qualitative method where material has been collectedthrough sex semi-structured interviews. The interviewees where chosen based on theirinvolvement in the campaigns ”Ice Bucket Challenge”, ”Fattatatto” and ”Jag är Jason (I’mJason)”. The material was gathered in the timespan of November 27th – December 3rd.The result and analysis have shown several different reasons to the digital involvement.Initially, the involvement works as an expression for the identity of the individual, togetherwith a genuine interest in the specific cause. Furthermore, the digital involvement is describedas something simple, that won’t be a sacrifice in terms of time. It also makes knowledge- andinformational distribution possible, as well as regards as a powerful tool to engender a changeand to affect the different institutions of society. According to the study, the negative aspectsof involvement show that knowledge- and informational distribution have contributed to asituation where the interviewees ascribes the recipients of the information with theresponsibility of the follow-on involvement. Furthermore, the study shows that the difficultieswith the digital involvement was that it didn’t added to the involvement outside the internet,the reason for this depended on the lack of time. In conclusion, the study showed that digitalinvolvement only works as a complement, where digital- and traditional involvement wasseen as consensual to each other.

  • 319.
    Enbom, Jesper
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Facket i det medialiserade samhället: En studie av LO:s och medlemsförbundens tillämpning av news management2009Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    According to most ways of measuring it the Swedish trade union movement is the strongest in the world. The Swedish Trade Union Confederation is the largest and most influential union confederation by far. Since the 1980s though, Sweden experienced a shift in the power relations between employers and unions in favour of the former. This has coincided with a growing importance for political communication, public relations and the mass media. This development has presented the Swedish trade union movement with a multitude of challenges. One of the major ones is how to influence the representations of trade unions and their viewpoints in the news media.

    The purpose of this study is to describe and try to explain how the Swedish Trade Union Confederation and its affiliated unions act to confront the “medialisation” of the public debate.

    A combination of research methods are used in this study in order to investigate both the historical development of trade union news management and the use of news management by trade union personnel in their everyday work. The study of how news management historically became a part in the overall union activity was performed through qualitative analysis of archive material. The study of the everyday uses of news management and the factors constraining this work builds upon interviews with the press officers of the TUC affiliated unions and the TUC itself.

    The study shows how both the historical development and the everyday use of news management by the Swedish trade union movement need to be understood in a context. This context contains political, economical, ideological and organisational structures that at the same time enables and constrains the adaption of news management. The study points towards five central paradoxes which faces the trade unions when they seek desired media attention and try to avoid unwanted publicity. The first paradox concerns how to fight hard in the interest of the members, while at the same time avoid being described as a sectional interest. The second paradox stems from the desire of the trade unions to be perceived as big and strong and how this might result in the labelling of them as ‘Goliath’ during a conflict. The next paradox concerns how trade unions want to show the importance of the work done by their members during a conflict and the way this might lead to media attention about how the strike affects ‘innocent bystanders’. The fourth paradoxes come from the wish of the trade unions to make their local representatives visible in mass media. This could result in unwanted publicity, due to the difference between blue-collar trade unionists and middleclass journalists. The fifth paradox stems from the importance of acting quickly to achieve wanted media attention and to avoid unwanted. The paradox is that it might be hard to be fast and at the same time have a thorough democratic process on a controversial issue.

  • 320.
    Enbom, Jesper
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Carlsson, Eric
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Sportjournalistik2019Ingår i: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Michael Karlsson, Jesper Strömbäck, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, s. 201-213Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 321.
    Enbom, Jesper
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Carlsson, Eric
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Sportjournalistik2015Ingår i: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Michael Karlsson, Jesper Strömbäck, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, s. 207-223Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 322.
    Enbom, Jesper
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Öhman, Adam
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Institutionella villkor för mediehantering: en jämförande kartläggning mellan socialtjänst, skola och polis2014Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    För offentliga organisationer kan mediers granskning uppfattas som problematisk. Representanter för socialtjänstorganisationer har i flera uppmärksammade fall framstått som handfallna när de konfronterats med medier. Under senare år har offentliga organisationer kommit att utveckla mer professionella mediestrategier. Artikeln rapporterar resultat från en nationellt representativ enkät om mediehantering inom socialtjänst, skola och polis.

  • 323.
    Englund, Claire
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Universitetspedagogiskt centrum (UPC).
    Påverkar IKT universitetslärares pedagogiska förhållningssätt?2013Ingår i: Reformation, revolution, evolution: universitetslärandet ur ett tidsperspektiv / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2013, s. 155-158Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 324.
    Englund, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    För säkerhets skull: Bibliotekariers syn på säkerheten i samhällets vardagsrum2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur bibliotekarier vid folkbibliotek ser på säkerheten på sin arbetsplats. Dessutom identifieras faktorer som kan påverka förekomsten av oönskade händelser i biblioteket. Studien, som har en kvalitativ ansats, har utförts genom intervjuer med bibliotekarier på fyra orter i tre kommuner i norra Sverige. Den bidrar till en djupare förståelse inom det biblioteks- och informationsvetenskapliga fältet beträffande dels bibliotekariers arbetsmiljö, dels bibliotekets funktion som offentligt rum.

    Resultatet visar att de fem informanterna har en tydlig säkerhetsmedvetenhet, även om de inte delar uppfattning om hur man ska gå tillväga för att skapa en säker miljö. Beträffande hur säkerhetsaspekter beaktas på arbetsplatsen var tre relativt nöjda, en missnöjd till en del och en relativt missnöjd. Bibliotekarierna har generellt sett god tilltro till den egna förmågan att påverka oroliga eller oönskade situationer, en förmåga de tycker har utvecklats med åren. Fyra av fem informanter känner sig överlag trygga på arbetet. Den som känner sig mindre trygg lyfter fram ensamarbete som en bidragande orsak. Vad gäller framtiden avseende öppenhet tror samtliga att biblioteket även framöver kommer att kunna vara en plats för alla.

    Utifrån intervjuerna identifierades även ett antal omständigheter som kan påverka förekomsten av oönskade händelser i biblioteket. Flera rör förhållanden som underlättar för en förövare att agera ostört, som hur biblioteket är utformat. Även bibliotekets organisation, däribland bemanningen, har inverkan på säkerheten; till exempel kan ensamarbete innebära en ökad risk. Andra faktorer har koppling till relationer, både mellan bibliotekarier och besökare och mellan besökare och besökare. Det finns också stressande omständigheter som rör brister eller osmidighet i systemet, såsom krånglande teknik.

    Studien visar att faktorer som påverkar förekomsten av oönskade händelser i bibliotek återfinns på flera nivåer. En del har med individen eller gruppen att göra, andra har koppling till arbetsplatsen. Det finns även faktorer som har samband med organisationen och/eller det omgivande samhället. Detta bekräftar tidigare forskning om hur riskfaktorer avseende hot och våld förekommer och verkar på flera plan.

  • 325.
    Engman, Sam
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Skada, vinst och samhällsflytt: En kvalitativ studie om hur LKAB porträtteras i Dagens Nyheter2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine how LKAB are portrayed in the newspaper Dagens Nyheter (DN). The methods that were used were: Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) combined with Critical Linguistic Analysis. These were used since they help to reveal the structures and unconscious meaning and power of word. It gives the tools to see how authority, power and meaning of words are constructed during social practice of the way they are used. To complement the method the theories that’s used are discourse analysis since CDA is both a method and a theory. A theory concerning journalism has also been included for the paper.As a result of the analysis, it shows that LKAB is portrayed as a large company with huge amount of economic resources. In articles with a positive attitude against the company they are regarded as a strong and active company in the Swedish economy during the financial crisis that generates a lot of money for the Swedish state. Articles that portrait LKAB in a negative way, regards them as a company that with the power of the state are allowed to look past the individuals that lives near the mines or the environment as long as it generates money for them and the state. The people living near the mines will have to accept the thing that’s happening to them. This paper also shows that the articles that were analyzed, all of them confirm and legitimize the power to certain sources used for facts which confirms that journalists needs certain sources to appear as secure but that also let the sources with power keep their power.

  • 326.
    Engström, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Genus & genrer: forskningsanknutna genusdiskurser i dagspress2008Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    At the centre of this study lies the question of how research-related media texts contribute to the social construction of sex and gender conceptions when they use research, either as a main source, or to support or comment on specific issues and statements, from the political arena, for example. The principal aim of the study has been to analyze and problematize the ways in which different types of newspapers, genres and editorial sections reproduce, or contribute to change, in existing gender discourses.

    The material was collected from two Swedish newspapers during the year 2001: the national morning paper Dagens Nyheter (DN), and the national evening paper Aftonbladet.

    The theories of discourse, agenda-setting and -framing in this study are related to the questions: what kinds of knowledge on women and men, and biological, physiological, psychological, social and cultural perspectives on sex/gender are represented; how are they described; and how do content and form contribute to the (re)production of, or change in, gender discourses? The main analytical perspectives are those about gender discourse (re)production, genres as ideological forms, and the epistemologies of journalism.

    A combination of analytical strategies and methods was used: content and thematic analysis, and qualitative analysis of text and language with methodological tools from different traditions of discourse analysis.

    In my study, I can see an interplay between research traditions and genre conventions in the (re)production of gender discourses. Since the news sections repeatedly choose to publish research as empiric and in the form of results, and then within that, primarily findings from medicine and the social sciences, these areas are reproduced as important and relevant, and as producers of objective, true knowledge that can be presented as simple facts. Research-related texts in culture journalism, on the other hand, follow the tradition of primarily treating research within the humanities, and nowadays also gender and queer theoretical perspectives within different disciplines. Through the genre conventions of culture journalism, this research is reproduced as something that you can reflect upon, problematize, criticize, form an opinion of, and judge.

    The study also gives reason to argue that media logic and institutionalized genre conventions contribute to the reproduction of science and research as different worlds and cultures, in which the natural sciences and the humanities are found in different media spaces, and different forms of knowledge about sex/gender are given space on different conditions and in different forms.

  • 327.
    Engwall, Lars
    et al.
    Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University.
    Pahlberg, Cecilia
    Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The emergence of the business network approach2016Ingår i: Extending the business network approach: new territories, new technologies, new terms / [ed] Peter Thilenius, Cecilia Pahlberg, Virpi Havila, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, s. 21-38Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Relationships between commercial actors have existed for thousands of years as highlighted by Hadjikhani and LaPlaca (2013) and Hadjikhani in the final chapter of this volume. However, research on relationships between business actors, often summarised under headings such as industrial marketing or B2B, has a more recent origin. In the words of Hadjikhani and LaPlaca (2013: 294), relationship research 'existed in society but had little scientific identity or inquiry'. This is even truer for research on wider relationship systems, that is, business networks. However, as will be demonstrated in the present volume, the situation in the beginning of the twenty-first century is quite different. Research on business networks is lively and manifested by a large number of publications. A search for 'business networks' in the databases SCI-EXPANDED, SSCI and A&HCI for all years until 2015 (with the restriction that the journals publishing the papers should be classified in the Subject Category 'Business & Economics' in all 156 journals) resulted in 553 hits, with the first papers published in 1992. Publications then did not accelerate until the early twenty-first century with an all-time high in 2012 of 70 hits, and somewhat lower figures in the following years. However, it should be noted that the 2015 figures merely refer to the first part of the year (Fig. 2.1) and will increase.

  • 328.
    Enryd, Isabella
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    The UX-Frontend Development Boundary: Bridging the Gap with WYSIWYG Tools2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There is currently a clear boundary between web UX design and frontend development and thispaper explores the possibility of bridging said gap with the help of WYSIWYG (What You See IsWhat You Get) tools. In such a situation, WYSIWYG tools would generate markup code fromprototypes created by UX designers that could be directly handed over to frontend developers –saving time and decreasing misunderstandings between the two roles. However, despite thesetools dating back more than two decades, the tools are not actually commonly used for thispurpose. The aim of this paper is therefore to find out why, as well as explore what is necessaryfor these tools to bridge the web UX design-frontend gap. In order to do so, two studies wereconducted – first an evaluation study in which two WYSIWYG tools were methodically testedusing a software quality framework, whereas the second study consisted of two interviews withUX designers and web developers. It was ultimately discovered that the tools – apart fromconstraining its users within the tools’ own technical limitations – produced markup code thatwas neither human-readable, semantically correct nor easy to maintain. Thus, it was concludedthat a reformation was necessary for the web UX design and frontend development gap to bebridged with the help of these tools. The paper also theorises on the possibilities of using artificialintelligence to solve some of the tools’ most critical issues.

  • 329.
    Envall, Johannes
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Granberg, Jon
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Gustafsson, William
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Personas, en gökunge i användarcentrerad design: En undersökning av personas roll i samband med användarcentrerad design2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper has been to examine personas role in the development phase and whether or not some of the criticism that have aroused against personas is valid or not. In this paper we examine the benefits as well as the downsides of working with personas both from a scientific point of view but also from the experiences of a small company located in the north of Sweden. Since personas much like many other powerful tools have pit falls aswell as do's and don'ts this paper looks to clarify what role personas should take aswell as how to minimize risk and maximize the usefulness of personas.

  • 330.
    Eraste, Dondogori
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Kommunikation för integration: En kvalitativ undersökning av hur kommunikation riktad till flyktnigar fungerar vid Umea kommun2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden receives many refugees and many of them come to the northern area of Umeå County. A good communication with them is crucial for their integration. The Swedish language is one of the most important challenges that they must overcome to succeed in this society.

     

    The aim of this study is to investigate communication between refugees and Viva introduction workers in Umeå. Viva is a municipality organization, which deals with migrants’ issues in Umeå. It helps for example children of migrants and adults to get access to education, to search for work and to get integrated into the society.

     

    The study was performed with a qualitative design. Three workers with experience of working with refugees at Viva introduction were sampled and interviewed. I also analyzed four images from a regional website for receiving refugees (www.flyktingmottagningens.se). Data was collected from semi-structured interviews and analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

     

    A good attitude when receiving refugees is important. The knowledge of language was expressed as a vital question for a god communication. Prioritizing a good reception and communication were emphasized as important. The assignment in refugee reception is clear, but the lack of resources and the wish for more knowledge about different types of communication was expressed. Positive attitudes in working with refugees exist and the number of refugees has increased in Umeå County.

    This study shows that communication between refugees and workers in Umeå municipality is perceived to work well. But the Swedish language is one of the most important challenges in this area. There is also a great need to consolidate communication by using specialized methods with respect to matters of language and communication. More knowledge in intercultural communication is required to develop a capacity to deal with the great number of refugees, which increases year after year.

  • 331.
    Ericsson, Sandra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Barriers of developing and implementing IT-innovation in healthcare: A process study of challenges in eHealth development2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare in Sweden is in need of eHealth innovations to meet the requirements a highlydeveloped society. However to develop and implement eHealth in the healthcare system ischallenging because the system is experienced as complex, conservative and fragmented.In this thesis a qualitative single case study has been conducted to further investigate thechallenges of development and implementation of eHealth. This study demonstrates that itis challenging to understand the complexity of the healthcare system and this has animpact on eHealth development. Involvement of potential users and collaborationbetween stakeholders are seen as a suggested solution to understand this problem. Thisthesis has also shown that to involve users and collaborators is challenging as well.Further the study has shown that there are technological challenges in realizing eHealthin the healthcare system and there is a challenge to develop and implement informationsystems because of regulatory limitations. Despite years of experience in healthcare or ITdevelopmentmany of the respondents find that these factors challenge innovation efforts.

  • 332.
    Ericsson, Sandra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Telework: Experiences of technostress in telework environments.2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The adoption and use of information and communication technology (ICT) solutions in companies are on the rise and with this rise comes several health effects. One kind of these health effects, called technostress affects employees and self-employees while using ICT for telework. The aim of this study has been to create a deeper understanding of the factors that are stressing employees and self-employees that has the opportunity to work flexible work hours using ICT. A qualitative research method including interviews has been used to gather data for this thesis. My findings suggests that awareness of the stress factors in different areas makes it easier to avoid getting affected by them. These stress areas are (1) reachability, (2) ICT and flexible work hours, (3) Work, information and technology overload and (4) Separation between work and leisure. I expect that this study will contribute to broadening the awareness of these stress factors.

  • 333.
    Ericsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Granqvist, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Att öppna upp sjukvårdens förändrings- och utvecklingsarbete: En studie av medskapande innovation i primärvården2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare in Sweden are in need of a drastic change to meet the requirements of highly developed societies, and information technology is seen as an essential part to get there. However, the Swedish healthcare have to challenge their traditional innovation approaches as well. For example, it has become more common to engage patients in the innovation process through web-based platforms. We have been focusing on an approach called co-creation by studying a workshop, in which potential users and other stakeholders are cooperating creatively to come up with innovative solutions in order to improve healthcare practice. Our findings suggests that co-creation may increase the mutual understanding between different stakeholders, for example healthcare professionals and IT developers, enable horizontal learning through and outside the organization and also to raise concepts and actions that are responding to healthcare needs. However, we have found important challenges in bridging barriers that may occur when gathering people of different competencies, and involving proper participants that are representative of their groups.

  • 334.
    Eriksmo, Anton
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Sundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Digital academia: How higher education is affected by digital technology2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital technology in higher education is constantly evolving. Understanding the effects of digital technology is important for higher education institutions in order to make good investments of digital technology. Previous research has focused on learning, teaching or the organization and the relation between one of these aspects and digital technology, thereby missing a broader understanding of how materiality in digital technology affects higher education. In this study themed interviews were conducted at a veterinary education to collect data regarding the use of a multi touch medical display table in the organization. The findings show that materiality of digital technology affects all aspects of higher education if it is facilitated by the organization. The findings also show that the organization is vital to the incorporation of digital technology in teaching as well as learning and that already existing materiality in the HE organization needs to be analyzed to understand the potential effects of new digital technology

  • 335.
    Eriksmo, Anton
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Sundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    From IT solutions to citizen benefits: A case study of IT value in a public sector context.2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    While the increase of IT solutions within the public sector is well established, the actual value of IT is still a question of debate. This thesis consists of an interpretive case study focused on how IT is perceived to influence public value creation in a local government. The study was conducted in a strategic IT project department at a local government in Sweden. Our findings show that the IT solution is ignored when assessing the created public value. The created values importance is instead based on subjective opinion and the targeted citizen group despite the acknowledgement that IT resources directly used by the citizen created higher public value. In addition the prioritisation of public value was perceived as more difficult than determining the IT value in itself. Our research show the need of understanding how IT values compare to each other in order to use public resources more efficiently.

  • 336.
    Eriksmo, Anton
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Sundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Från whiteboard till pekskärm: En studie av universitetslärares upplevelser av interaktiva klassrum2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology (IT) have for several decades been used in university education. An increasing number of classrooms today are built around a concept which uses IT in collaboration with the room itself. However, little is known about the experience of university teachers when working in such classrooms. This study examines the views and opinions of teachers at a Swedish university regarding using and interacting with these classrooms. Furthermore, we identify possible underlying factors that influence these views. Using data from qualitative interviews we apply Technology acceptance model (TAM) and Activity theory (AT) used in both education and human computer interaction to identify how different factors interact to form these opinions. Our study finds that teachers experience a lack of proper training in the use of classrooms as a concept and tend to stay in established norms of how education is to be conducted. These results leads to questions whether education in the use of these classrooms is adequate for teachers or if education needs to focus more on outcomes of the concept and changing established norms rather than to focus on the use of technology. Our study also shows that teachers do not view the classrooms as a whole where artefacts enable and form each other. Rather they view the physical room, the technology and themselves as separate entities that operate separately from each other.

  • 337.
    Eriksson, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    UxU : En kvalitativ analys av uppfattningar om, och kommunikationen kring, en musikfestival i Umeå2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelors thesis examines how av new musicfestival in Umea is communicated on the

    festivals website and how the communication is beeing percepted by people who have bought

    tickets to the festival and people who have chosen not to. The material is based on qualitative

    interviews with theese people and a discourse analysis of the website. The methods beeing

    used in this thesis are discourse analysis and qualitative interviews. The interviews focuses on

    two groups, people who have bought tickets to the festival and the ones who has not. The

    results of the analysis shows that the website uxufestival.se communicates the vision of a

    unique festival who brings people together. The people who have bought tickets and the

    people who haven't identify themselves with the targeted group. There's difference in the way

    that the two groups have percepted the communication, the ones that have bought tickets

    experience that the communication has been informative while the ones who haven't bought

    tickets feel that they haven't got a lot of information. The results of the analysis shows that the

    people who have bought tickets feel that they have the power to influence the festival in a way

    that they feel is refreshing. Both the people who have bought tickets and the ones who haven't

    identify themselves with the people who visit this kind of musicfestivals.

  • 338.
    Eriksson, Erik J
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Controlling Plagiarism: A study of Lecturer Attitudes2008Ingår i: Student Plagiarism in an online world: Problems and solutions / [ed] Tim S. Roberts, Hershey, PA, USA: Information Science Reference, 2008, s. 23-36Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 339.
    Eriksson, Frida
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Nyhetsmediernas utveckling med samma innehåll: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av innehållet i svensk nyhetsmedia i en tid av förändring2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det problemområde som ligger till grund för studiens syfte och frågeställningar är att olika faktorer på mediemarknaden gjort det möjligt för fler medier att etablera sig, vilket bidragit till att konkurrensen mellan olika medieformat, olika medier samt mellan olika former av medieinnehåll ökat. Trots dagens klimat är mediernas uppgift att visa på mångfald och fungera som en spegelbild av verkligheten. Det övergripande syftet är därför att studera om det finns några likheter och skillnader i nyhetsinnehållet i nyhetsrapporteringen i en kommersiell och en icke kommersiell TV-kanal samt att studera om det skett några innehållsmässiga förändringar före respektive efter kanalernas formatförändring. De nyhetsprogram som undersöks är TV4 Nyheterna (kommersiell) och Aktuellt (icke kommersiell).

    Det teoretiska ramverk som ligger grund för studien består av olika synsätt på teorin om nyhetsvärdering, medielogik och marknadsdriven journalistik. Det alla har gemensamt är att de visar på olika faktorer som kan påverka och vara avgörande för mediernas innehåll. För att kunna studera detta har innehållet tre månader före samt tre månader efter kanalernas formatförändring analyserats där fokus varit att studera vilka områden, ämnen, aktörer och källor som representeras och därmed utesluts i kanalernas nyhetsrapportering. Det totala materialet består av 40 nyhetsrapporteringar (441 inslag), vilka har analyserats med en kvantitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visar att kanalernas innehåll domineras av inrikesnyheter där nyheterna härstammar från Stockholm, övriga och ej angivna städer i Sverige. Studiens resultat visar även att TV4 visar på större bredd i inrikesnyheterna medan kanalerna visar på samma bredd i utrikesnyheterna. Studiens resultat visar även att kanalernas utrikesnyheter domineras av händelser från Europa, USA, Mellanöstern, Arabvärlden och Asien. Några förändringar som går att urskilja är att Aktuellt inkluderar fler utrikesnyheter efter formatförändringen samt att det skett flest förändringar angående kanalernas ämnes-och aktörsfördelningen. Båda kanalerna inkluderar elitcentrerade aktörer samt enskilda individer. Skillnaderna är att Aktuellt inkluderar fler aktörer i förhållande till nyheter och att TV4s aktörer från den egna organisationen finns på plats i studion medan Aktuellts är utsända. Några förändringar är att Aktuellt inkluderar i större grad och TV4 i mindre grad myndighetsrepresentanter och enskilda individer och tvärtom gällande vittnen, protestanter och "mannen på gatan" efter formatförändringen. Som den empiriska-och teoretiska bakgrunden visar rapporterar Aktuellt i större utsträckning om ämnen som ses vara av vikt för publiken att ta del av medan TV4 rapporterar om händelser som kan anses vara av intresse. Några förändringar som skett efter formatförändringen är att Aktuellt inkluderar fler nyheter som kan anses vara av intresse än viktiga för publiken att ta del av. Studiens resultat visar även att TV4 hänvisar till andra källor i större utsträckning än Aktuellt i deras nyhetsinslag. De källor som framträder mest är egna undersökningar samt företag och myndigheter. De innehållsmässiga förändringarna som går att urskilja är att Aktuellt väljer att hänvisar till fler källor och TV4 till färre källor efter deras formatförändring.

  • 340.
    Eriksson, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Wiberg, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Edenius, Mats
    Uppsala universitet.
    Managing Open Innovation Technologies2012Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 341.
    Eriksson, Jesper
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Björeqvist, Samuel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Datadriven Innovation: En komparativ studie om dataanalysmetoder och verktyg för små företag2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Businesses today are often operating in a highly competitive environment where information is a noticeably valuable asset. Businesses are therefore in need of powerful tools for extracting actionable business knowledge. Research show that SME companies are lagging behind large companies in the use of data analytics; even though they know the potential benefits. We want to study and compare different tools for data analytics and how they can be used by small companies. Our research questions are therefore: what analytical tools are today available on the market, and what are their possibilities and challenges for small companies? And: how can these analytical tools aid in the development of a business, product or service? We conclude in our research that there are several data analytics tools available for small businesses, that their different usages can be applied successfully and without big cost, and that their relevance, both in business development and innovation, depends on the business objectives and goals of their utilization.

  • 342.
    Eriksson, Jessica
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Slaget om Hälsingland: – En kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie av tidningen Ljusnans bevakning av bandylagen Edsbyns IF och Bollnäs GIF.2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Journalistens uppgift är att på ett nyanserat, balanserat och objektivt sätt förmedla nyheter till allmänheten. Men hur påverkas rapporteringen för en sportjournalist när man har två lag att rapportera om? Kan man fortfarande vara rättvis och objektiv, eller får det ena laget mer publicitet än det andra? Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur objektivt lokaltidningen Ljusnan rapporterat om de två bandylagen Bollnäs GIF och Edsbyns IF. Med utgångspunkt i teorier om objektivitet har jag genomfört en kvantitativ innehållsanalys och en kvalitativ kritisk diskursanalys på artiklar skrivna under två elitseriesäsonger. Resultatet visade, både i den kvantitativa och kvalitativa analysen, på ett konstant litet övertag för Bollnäs GIF.

  • 343.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    In Pursuit of Musical Identifications: YouTube Content ID and the Politics of Audio Fingerprint TechnologiesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 344.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Online music distribution and the unpredictability of software logistics2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This compilation dissertation examines the role of software in online music distribution and critically scrutinizes the increased influence of digital technologies in everyday life. In particular, it explores how software coordinates and arranges things, people, and information surrounding music and thereby exerts a logistical power that makes music calculable and governable online. The dissertation consists of four case-studies that problematize the role of software and algorithms in regulating how digital music moves. Article I highlights the role of algorithms in organizing, evaluating, and creating knowledge about artistry, article II uncovers the material, political, and technical networks that facilitate streamed music, article III scrutinizes editorial playlists and their role in packaging and containing digital sound, and article IV traces how software is designed to identify and regulate how music moves and is monetized in the online domain. These case studies draw attention to issues concerning visibility, access, ownership, control, but also—as this dissertation especially aims to highlight—the elements of surprise, unpredictability, and unsettlement that are inherent to complex software technologies.

    The research contributes to three subfields in media and communication studies: music-oriented media studies, materialist media studies, and software studies. It contributes to music-oriented media research by accounting for the role of digital technologies in organizing musical practices and thereby illustrates how algorithms and software must be taken seriously as agents that shape cultural practices surrounding music. Relatedly, the research contributes to materialist- and softwareoriented media research by continuing the tradition of paying close attention to the technical constitution of media technologies and reflecting on the power and politics of software logistics and its unpredictabilities. Methodologically, the research builds on—and advocates—a mixed-methods approach that combines the use of digital methods, media archeological tactics, and a technology-oriented ethnographic approach. In combining these methods, the dissertation illustrates the benefit of experimental and qualitative methods in the study of digital technologies and highlights the need to approach software as both an object of study and a strategic research tool.

    Theoretically, the dissertation mainly draws upon materialist and German media theory (e.g., Kittler 1990; 1999; Ernst 2012; 2016), theorizations of logistical operations (e.g., Neilson 2012; Cowen 2014; Durham Peters 2013; Case 2013; Young 2014; 2015), and theories regarding technological accidents, ruptures and unpredictabilities (e.g., Frabetti 2010; Virilio 2007; Parikka and Sampson 2009; Fuller and Goffey 2012). In doing so, the dissertation highlights how the hidden and seemingly ‘grey’ and mundane task of regulating the movement of online music online is, in fact, a deeply cultural and subject to ongoing power struggles. Ultimately, the dissertation illustrates the continued relevance of media research that critically engages with software, adopts digital and experimental methods in the study of digital technologies, acknowledges the logistical power of software, and accounts for the unpredictable events that software technologies sometimes trigger.

  • 345.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    The Editorial Playlist as Container Technology: Notes on the Logistical Role of Digital Music PackagesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 346.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Unpacking Online Streams2018Ingår i: APRJA, ISSN 2245-7755, Vol. 7, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 347.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms Universitet, Institutionen för Ekonomisk historia och Internationella relationer.
    Johansson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Vonderau, Patrick
    Department of Media and Communication Studies, Martin Luther University Halle, Germany..
    Spotify teardown: inside the black box of streaming music2019Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An innovative investigation of the inner workings of Spotify that traces the transformation of audio files into streamed experience. Spotify provides a streaming service that has been welcomed as disrupting the world of music. Yet such disruption always comes at a price. Spotify Teardown contests the tired claim that digital culture thrives on disruption. Borrowing the notion of "teardown" from reverse-engineering processes, in this book a team of five researchers have playfully disassembled Spotify's product and the way it is commonly understood. Spotify has been hailed as the solution to illicit downloading, but it began as a partly illicit enterprise that grew out of the Swedish file-sharing community. Spotify was originally praised as an innovative digital platform but increasingly resembles a media company in need of regulation, raising questions about the ways in which such cultural content as songs, books, and films are now typically made available online. Spotify Teardown combines interviews, participant observations, and other analyses of Spotify's "front end" with experimental, covert investigations of its "back end." The authors engaged in a series of interventions, which include establishing a record label for research purposes, intercepting network traffic with packet sniffers, and web-scraping corporate materials. The authors' innovative digital methods earned them a stern letter from Spotify accusing them of violating its terms of use; the company later threatened their research funding. Thus, the book itself became an intervention into the ethics and legal frameworks of corporate behavior.

  • 348.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab.
    Johansson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab.
    Tracking Gendered Streams2017Ingår i: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 163-183Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most prominent features of digital music services is the provision of personalized music recommendations that come about through the profiling of users and audiences. Based on a range of “bot experiments,” this article investigates if, and how, gendered patterns in music recommendations are provided by the streaming service Spotify. While our experiments did not give any strong indications that Spotify assigns different taste profiles to male and female users, the study showed that male artists were highly overrepresented in Spotify’s music recommendations; an issue which we argue prompts users to cite hegemonic masculine norms within the music industries. Although the results should be approached as historically and contextually contingent, we argue that they point to how gender and gendered tastes may be constituted through the interplay between users and algorithmic knowledge-making processes, and how digital content delivery may maintain and challenge gender relations and gendered power differentials within the music industries. Seen through the lens of critical research on software, music and gender performativity, the experiments thus provide insights into how gender is shaped and attributed meaning as it materializes in contemporary music streams.

  • 349.
    Eriksson, Rebecca
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    ”De svenska journalisterna”: En kvalitativ studie av medierapporteringen kring Martin Schibbye och Johan Persson2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the media coverage of the case with Martin Schibbye and Johan Persson in the four biggest newspapers in Sweden in order to see how social constructions is created through the use of language. It is also of interest to see how nationality is represented in the material. 

    The theory is based on Edward Said’s theory of post colonialism and the prejudices that has developed from the western way of viewing ”The orient”. It is also based on Richard Dyers theory on whiteness and binary oppositions, which shows how ”whiteness” is viewed as the norm and is also never questioned.

    The method is critical linguistics and based on Norman Fairclough and Michael Halliday. The results from the method in critical linguistics shows how power is used in the media coverage of Martin Schibbye and Johan Persson. It shows how Schibbye and Persson are presented as human beings and as individuals and the other parts as foreign and unknown parts in the conflict.

  • 350.
    Eriksson, Rebecca
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    "Man måste alltid få prata om allting som är sant": En diskursanalytisk studie av medborgarskap och legitimitet2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to, through societal discussion via different media, analyze how citizenship and legitimacy is constructed and negotiated through the discourses surrounding two vulnerable groups in the swedish society, the roma people and the syrian refugees. By analyzing different types of texts from two local newspapers and also from new media such as blogs and archived chats it is possible to see how certain groups are stigmatized and objects of discrimination. 

    The material in the analyze is coded by which type of text it belongs to but it is also categorized by how official the pespective of the writer is, and it is argued that the role of the traditional media still is very important in terms of educating the public about issues and groups in society which they would likely meet and interact with themselves. 

    The analysis also focus on which geographical perspective the writer has since this could show if an issue, theme or discourse is contextualized with bigger issues and globalization. 

    The theoretical and methodical frame work of this analyze is critical discourse analysis with the focus on discursive construction of national identity by Wodak. Theories about citizenship and legitimacy according to Lister also applies to the study. 

    Keywords: Discourse analysis, CDA, citizenship, legitimacy, roma, syria, migrants, refugees

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