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  • 351.
    Ulander-Wänman, Carin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Swedish Collective Agreements and Employers' Willingness to Hire and Retain Older Workers in Employment2016In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 61-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Demographic change is transforming the EU population structure for the coming decades. One challenge that society faces is to preserve social welfare when elderly persons comprise a larger proportion of the total population. Allowing people to work beyond the current retirement age may help slow the growth of the maintenance burden for welfare costs, and creating situations where larger numbers of older employees can work longer and complete more working hours can improve conditions for preserving and developing welfare. However, a prolonged working life presupposes several conditions; one of these is that legal regulation of the labor market must support employers' willingness to hire and retain older workers in employment. This article explores employers' attitudes toward regulations in Swedish collective agreements—regulations which are of particular importance if employers are to increase hiring and retention of older workers in employment.

  • 352.
    Ulander-Wänman, Carin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Blom, Josefina
    The evolution of fixed-term employment in Swedish legislation: what can we learn from history?2016In: Globalisation, fragmentation, labour and employment law: a Swedish perspective / [ed] Laura Carlsson. Örjan Edström. Birgitta Nyström, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2016, 1, p. 207-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 353.
    Vedefors, Jakob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Förtäckt anställning inom filmbranschen: -En studie av uppdragstagarförhållandet för vissa yrkeskategorier inom filmbranschen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 354.
    Villum, Aksel Reppe
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    (In)equality before the law?: An analysis of the role of gender in sentencing in cases concerning welfare fraud tried in the Norwegian Court of Appeal2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fight against welfare fraud currently sees an increased focus from Norwegian authorities. This attention is connected to the narratives of real and perceived threats to the welfare state, where welfare fraud not only implies the misappropriation of government funds but may also be detrimental to the public’s support of the welfare state. This paper investigates the relationship between gender and sentencing in cases concerning welfare fraud tried in the Norwegian Court of Appeal (Lagmannsretten). Based on the literature on gender bias in sentencing, particularly from an American perspective, the main hypothesis proposed was that women received more lenient sentences than men. The secondary hypotheses proposed that aggravating and mitigating circumstances would correlate with the type of punishment being awarded, i.e. custodial, probation and community sentence. Further, mitigating circumstances would have a positive correlation with probation and community sentence, while aggravating circumstances would have a negative correlation on the same punishment categories. Finally, these correlations would correlate stronger in a positive direction for females, and stronger in a negative direction for males.SPSS was used to conduct descriptive and regression analyses on a data material which was organized in MS Excel. The data was collected through the online source Lovdata.no.Drawing on the research of Daly, 1989; Bickle & Peterson, 1991; Williams, 1999; Spohn & Holleran, 2002; Doerner & Demuth, 2012; Embry & Lyons, 2012; and Bontrager & Stupi, 2013, especially that of ”courtroom paternalism”, the findings of the thesis echoes that of previous work on the the field of gender bias in sentencing. The results showed a correlation between gender and type of punishment: females had a proportionately higher frequency of probation and community sentence than that of males. When taking into account aggravating and mitigating circumstances, strong correlations where identified between females and community sentence, and moderate so with probation and females. With regards to custodial, few differences between the sexes were found. However, one would benefit from further research into the aggravating and mitigating circumstances, for instance by conducting interviews.

  • 355.
    von der Heiden, Gregor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Gespräche in einer Krise: Analyse von Telefonaten mit einem RAF-Mitglied während der Okkupation der westdeutschen Botschaft in Stockholm 19752009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When crises develop, people are confronted with difficulties beyond those experienced in normal everyday activities.  Due to the perceived threats inherent to such situations, familiar behaviors may prove ineffective, and such attempts can pose dangerous and unpredictable risks. Crises are extreme situations, occurring at the very edges of human experience. Oral communication in such situations cannot be casual; the seriousness of the situation demands exceptional communicative performance on the part of the participants. Therefore, certainties about everyday communication conventions are called into question.

    The following work examines conversations during which the participants were involved in an extreme situation. In this particular crisis, a politically motivated kidnapping, the personal involvement of the interlocutors is substantial. A clear and present fear of the situation escalating and the possibility of a failure to anticipate the resulting reactions from the other party(ies) characterize the communicative acts of those involved.

    Recorded telephone calls during the occupation of the West German Embassy in Stockholm by members of the Red Army Faction (RAF) on April 24, 1975 comprise the basis for this analysis. One of the occupiers speaks with various interlocutors located in an adjacent embassy building. These interlocutors are relatives of the hostages, the Swedish Minister of Justice, and a German official charged with leading the negotiations.

    In this study, the communicative processes of the crisis are reconstructed. In order to show how the interlocutors attempt to reach their goals in this tense situation with the resources available to them, as well as what they in fact achieve, ethnographic methods of analysis have been employed.

    This study shows how, despite strong conflicting interests and motives, a shared reality is built through the actions of the interlocutors. The interaction between two key figures in the early stages of the crisis can even be characterized as a form of coalition building. An explanation as to why this collaboration is not retained in the subsequent course of the events, however, leading to an escalation of the situation, is also presented. Furthermore, the following work sets forth qualities needed to interactively build a coalition in a precarious crisis situation, which has arisen between parties characterized by diametrically opposed aims.

  • 356.
    Walheim, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Undantag från förbudet mot försämring av vattenmiljön: Möjligheten att vidta en åtgärd eller bedriva en verksamhet i strid med försämringsförbudet i 5 kap 4§ MB2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 357.
    Wehlander, Caroline
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Tjänster av allmänt intresse ur ett europeiskt respektive ett svenskt perspektiv2011In: Den nordiska välfärden och marknaden: Nordiska erfarenheter av tjänster av allmänt intresse i en EU-rättslig kontext / [ed] Tom Madell, Tarjei Bekkedal & Ulla Neergaard, Uppsala: Iustus , 2011, p. 41-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 358.
    Weiss, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    "Women too are violent": Masculinity and Responsibility in Discourses on Men’s Violence2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Men’s violence against women is a persistent social problem with great individual and societal consequences. Despite governmental measures taken in Sweden to prevent and reduce the prevalence of men’s violence against women, the violence does not appear to decrease. Research questions the efficacy of initiatives aimed at reducing men’s violence against women and suggest that one explanation to why this reduction does not happen is because normative masculinity is used to excuse men’s violence against women and present men as victims of masculinity.

    In this study, which focuses on men’s violence against women in Sweden, discourse analysis was carried out on a government equality document, on SKL material and on men’s verbal accounts in court cases of gross violation of a woman’s integrity in order to understand if Swedish discourse presents normative masculinity as an excuse for men’s violence against women.

    The results of discourse analysis of a government equality document and the SKL material revealed that masculinity is presented not so much as the excuse for men’s violence but as thereason for why men are kept from taking responsibility for their violence. The findings showed persistent argumentation for women’s use of violence as well as claims that not all men are violent and that masculinity is an issue that needs to be handled on a societal level. Negative behaviors, due to adhering to normative masculinity, was found to rarely be presented as the responsibility of individual men.

    Discourse analysis of men’s verbal accounts in cases of gross violation of a woman’s integrity showed that several categories and patterns emerged from these accounts in regards to how masculinity was verbalized and used as a possible excuse for why violence had occurred. Men’s own verbal accounts did not mention masculinity explicitly but presented excuses for the violence which previous research has found to relate to normative masculinity.

  • 359.
    Wendel, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Third parties' interests in population genetic databases: some comparative notes regarding the law in Estonia, Iceland, Sweden and the UK2007In: The Ethics and Governance of Human Genetic Databases: European Perspectives / [ed] Matti Häyry, Ruth Chadwick, Vilhjálmur Árnason & Gardar Árnason, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, no 4, p. 108-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 360.
    Wenell, Adam
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Magnusson, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sieg Heil på Jom Kippur: Svenska opinionsskribenters attityder till, och gestaltningar av, Nordiska Motståndsrörelsens rätt att demonstrera i Göteborg.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On september 30th 2017 the Nordic Resistance Movement (NMR) demonstrates, on the same day as the Gothenburg book fair and the jewish holy day Yom Kippur takes place. Not least opinion piece-writers wrote about the demonstration, in newspapers fron Piteå in the north and Ystad in the south. With the use of framing theory we have, by method of quantitative analysis, analyzed 88 of the opinion pieces on the subject of NMR's right to demonstrate in Gothenburg, published in Swedish newspapers. In addition to analyzing how the writers framed NMR's right to demonstrate we have, with the qualitative method argumentation analysis, analyzed the writers' attitudes toward NMRS's right to demonstrate. We find the two most prevalent frames are legal framing (29 out of 88) and democracy framing (28 out of 88). Other than that little consensus can be found amongst the writers on the topic of NMR's right to demonstrate. 

  • 361.
    Wennberg, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A feminist socio-legal approach to ageing, gender and welfare in northern Sweden2019In: New challenges to ageing in the rural north: a critical interdisciplinary perspective / [ed] Päivi Naskali, Joan R. Harbison, Shahnaj Begum, Springer, 2019, 1, p. 31-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A feminist socio-legal approach, understood as the "interface with the context within which law exists" is in this chapter elaborated and used to identify, think through and discuss the intersecting legal, political and economic discourses that could have constraining effects on the welfare of women in the rural and multicultural northernmost part of Sweden. The recognition of the gendered 'socio' and the identification of power imbalances in policy and law, underline the importance of a framework for further comparative analyses of welfare services and care in context. In an optimistic view on human rights, the strength of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), with its holistic and transformative approach, could provide a space for more grounded empirical research – on whether and with what outcome the CEDAW has been invoked, adopted or resisted in specific contexts – and jurisprudence that could promote social change and a life in dignity for women of any age, culture, ethnicity, or minority group.

  • 362.
    Wennberg, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Ensamstående mödrar – rätt till välfärd eller försörjda av män?2001In: Familjeföreställningar : om familjens betydelse inom juridik, ekonomi och forskning, Iustus, Uppsala , 2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 363.
    Wennberg, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Exclusion of Solo Mothers in the Welfare State2007In: Exploiting the limits of law: Swedish feminism and the challenge to pessimism, Ashgate, Aldershot , 2007, p. 171-190Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 364.
    Wennberg, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Wellbeing and Gender Equality for the Elderly in the Context of Arctic Sweden2017In: Nordic Journal on Law and Society, E-ISSN 2002-7788, Vol. 1, no 1-2, p. 176-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One theme of importance for gender equality in the Arctic region is the wellbeing of the aging population and how their needs are provided for in private and public spheres –by the family, local communities, the state and the market. In this article, the complexity of the public and private division of welfare provision and care of the elderly in the Swedish Arctic context is addressed and discussed in the light of national, regional and international policy and law. Norrbotten, the northernmost county in Sweden that is part of the Barents Euro-Arctic region, is taken as a frame of reference for critical reflection on wellbeing and gender equality for the ageing population in rural, depopulated and multicultural contexts and the need to develop alternative political and legal interventions that are better adjusted to meet the everyday needs in this specific setting.

  • 365.
    Westgard, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Många bäckar små: Om kommunens möjlighet att reglera dagvattenhantering i detaljplan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 366.
    Wiger, Carolina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    The Office of the Ombudsman inRwanda: A source of accountability and good governance?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 367.
    Wik Torsson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Rule of Law, Impunity and the road to the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 368.
    Wikström, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    #Bomber och #Granater!: En fallstudie över Dagens Nyheters roll i #Tintingate2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to look at how a newsroom discusses before a publication that is suspected to get a big response on social media sites and also how the journalists reacts towards that response. To reach that purpose I conducted a case study of a news item which had gotten a lot of response on social media. A librarian in Sweden wanted to remove the Tintin comics from a youth library because of racist content. Dagens Nyheter was the first news media to print this news item and I therefore chose to interview three people involved from that paper. A media strategist, who was critical to Dagens Nyheters reporting, was also interviewed to get an outsiders perspective. Qualitative interviews were chosen as they were believed to be the best way to reach the purpose of the essay. The theories used to answer the purpose of the essay were the following: news values, news reporting, objectivity and social media. In the essay I came to the conclusion that neither of the parties had precisely the right point of view and that the answer to the question of how a news room should handle social media seemed to be somewhere in the middle of the two.

  • 369.
    Wiles, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Trovärdighet i asylprocessen: En studie om trovärdighetsbedömningen av asylsökanden i den svenska asylprocessen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 370.
    Winsa, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Skattetillägg på grund av bristfälligtuppgiftslämnande vid skatteflykt: En analys ur ett rättssäkerhetsperspektiv2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 371.
    Wittkull Knihs, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Rätt & möjlighet till juridiskt ombud vid trafikskadereglering för personskada2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 372.
    Yttergren, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Westerstrand, Jenny
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The Swedish Legal Approach to Prostitution: Trends and Tendencies in the Prostitution Debate2016In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 45-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on academic responses to the Swedish law prohibiting the purchase of sexual services, enacted in 1999. It highlights the close link between popular – populist – ideas circulating in media, and academic work discussing problems with the given legislation. Two myths can be traced, exchanged between and enforced by on the one hand voices in the Sex Workers Rights movement and voices from within academia. The first myth relates to the legal construction of the legislation – which is obscured in order to make women in prostitution seem like victims in the eyes of the lawmaker, and hence portray the legislation as a "radical feminist-victim-oriented" piece of work. The second myth relates to the historical events leading up to the law, what alliances and arguments that were used. The made up history again puts the legislation firmly in radical feminist politics, all though the alliances and arguments came from many strands of thoughts and crucial decisions came about due to ad hoc events as well as the lack of an articulated resistance. The article concludes that the research field is under influence from strong political interests, so far successful in producing non valid arguments against the law. This in turn makes it difficult to gain knowledge about the outcomes and effects of "the Swedish model" on prostitution.

  • 373.
    Zmyvalova, Ekaterina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Indigenous Peoples and Sustainable Development: A Monograph2016In: Arctic Review on Law and Politics, ISSN 1891-6252, E-ISSN 2387-4562, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 196-198Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 374.
    Zmyvalova, Ekaterina Andreyevna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Place of Indigenous Languages in the Russian System of School Education: A Legal Analysis2019In: The Yearbook of Polar Law, ISSN 1876-8814, E-ISSN 2211-6427, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 75-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are 47 groups of indigenous peoples in Russia. Many languages of indigenous peoples are at the edge of extinction. From 1995 to 2010 the proportion of indigenous pupils among all indigenous peoples learning their mother tongue decreased by almost half. This article examines the legal regulation of the Russian system of school education and defines what place indigenous languages have in this system. The author comes to the conclusion that realising the right of indigenous children to learn their mother tongue in Russia is complicated by many factors of both legal and non-legal character.

  • 375.
    Älvero, Sara-Greta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Arbetsoförmögen tillräckligt länge?: -Gränsdragningsproblematik gällande sjukersättning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 376.
    Ågren, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Företagsansvar ochmänskliga rättigheter: Om CSR som regleringsalternativ2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 377.
    Ågren, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Familjens betydelse för kvinnors akademiska karriär2001In: Familjeföreställningar : om familjens betydelse inom juridik, ekonomi och forskning, Iustus, Uppsala , 2001Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 378.
    Åström Larsson, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Rubbande av rättsförhållandet mellan redan utgivna aktier: En studie av majoritetskravet i 7 kapitlet 43 § 3 p aktiebolagslagen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 379.
    Öhlund, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Hur långt nårkonkurrensrätten?: Läkemedel, patent och utvecklingen av EU:skonkurrenslagstiftning.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 380.
    Östberg, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Kronvittnen: - Ett vapen i kampen mot den organiserade brottsligheten?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
5678 351 - 380 of 380
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