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  • 451.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Karlstads universitet.
    Jämställdhetsintegrering2017Inngår i: Politik och kön: feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, s. 135-146Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 452.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Var tog politiken vägen? Regionalpolitikens organisering som exempel på statens förändrade former2008Inngår i: Tidskrift för genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, nr 1, s. 31-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 453.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Eduards, Maud
    Genusperspektiv på statsvetenskap2008Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 454.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Den nödvändiga jämställdheten2015Inngår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 57-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Norrland is often represented and constructed as a “typical male” region, a region dominated by rural problems. The “male” power structure is often depicted as a static problem, a part of a rural traditionally bound periphery which cannot be changed. In public discourse, Kiruna is positioned as a town adjusted to men which is a situation in need of change; it is argued that gender equality is a necessity for Kiruna’s survival. Put differently: there are clear ambitions for change. By studying how gender equality is made and how gender equality is produced in different practices, this article studies the implications of these ambitions. A key analytical starting point is that gender equality is regarded as something “made” by various actors in specific contexts. Gender equality is understood as an empirical field filled with meaning, or produced, in different contexts, not as a “fact” that can be measured. With place as an analytical hub, and inspired by Carol Bacchi’s critical approach to policy analysis we examine how gender equality is articulated and how place is produced. Using policy documents, newspaper materials and interviews, we conclude that gender equality is filled with partially different meanings in the three themes, but attractiveness stands out as a central underlying rationality – often in combination with participation and the absence of conflict between women and men. These representations of gender equality create a win-win, a non-conflictual understanding of gender equality, underpinned by an understanding of men and women as different and complementary subjects. In spite of clear articulations of men’s privileged position and women’s subordinate position, the measures suggested for achieving change target the image of Kiruna rather than gendered power relations. We explain this result in the context of overall processes of de-politicisation in contemporary society and by the need for Kiruna to be seen as “good” and “attractive” in order to challenge and avoid reproducing the picture of the Northern periphery as backward and traditional.

  • 455.
    Rönnlund, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Schoolyard stories: processes of gender identity in a 'children's place'2015Inngår i: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 85-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on data from a Swedish primary school, this article explores how the schoolyard and places within the schoolyard are discursively used in processing gender identity. The analysis of children’s narratives in relation to four identified key places indicated diverse and parallel ways of processing gender identity, and that spatial characteristics formed different conditions for processing gender identity. The analysis stresses the importance of understanding gender identity as spatial and diverse and children as active agents in processing this identity. Following the analysis outlined in the article, it is argued that a spatially diverse and multi-characteristic schoolyard is likely to meet various and parallel ways of processing gender identity to a greater extent than a schoolyard with low spatial variety. In general, representations of an ‘active’, ‘playing with everybody’, ‘rule-abiding’, and ‘gendered’ school child were not challenged to any great extent. This result indicates the power of institutional and societal forming and framing in contemporary outdoor school environments.

  • 456.
    Salander, Pär
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Onkologi.
    Lilliehorn, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Kero, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The impact of breast cancer on living an everyday life 4.5-5 years post-diagnosis: a qualitative prospective study of 39 women2011Inngår i: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 50, nr 3, s. 399-407Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The survival of women with breast cancer has improved. There are many studies available describing different aspects of how the illness and its treatment affect the women. Usually these studies are cross-sectional and focus on assessments of a sample of women at a single point in time during post-treatment. These studies are important but of limited value if we are interested in understanding more about breast cancer in a life context. The present study is a contribution.

    Methods. A consecutive sample of 39 women was followed up by means of repeated thematic interviews about how they lived their lives, from the end of radiation therapy to a point four years later, i.e. 4.5–5 years post diagnosis.

    Results. Four different groups of women emerged. Largely, the first group evaluated the cancer initiated transformation of their lives in a positive way. The breast cancer helped them depart from a career treadmill or to positive interpersonal experiences. In the second group the cancer and its treatment seemed to pass without marked traces. The cancer made a difference for the third group, but both in positive and negative ways. A different life perspective or improved relationships were weighted against troublesome side effects from treatment. Finally, in the fourth group a bodily decline due to side effects and other health problems was predominant and this obstructed their chances of living a good life.

    Discussion. The narratives showed that being diseased by breast cancer has different impacts depending on how the woman lives her life – it is very much a matter of transition in a life context. The results are furthermore discussed in relation to adaptation and coping theory.

  • 457. Salazar, Mariano
    et al.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Respectable, Disreputable, or Rightful? Young Nicaraguan Women's Discourses on Femininity, Intimate Partner Violence, and Sexual Abuse: A Grounded Theory Situational Analysis2016Inngår i: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, ISSN 1092-6771, E-ISSN 1545-083X, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 315-332Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This situational analysis study aims to position the discourses that young Nicaraguan women use in their understanding of femininities, male intimate partner violence (IPV), and men's sexual violence toward women (SA). Eight focus group discussions with a total of 59 women were conducted. Positional maps were used to display the data. The findings show a dominant discourse that portrays femininity as enacting attributes habitually bestowed to men such as independence and agency, while still upholding key patriarchal conceptions (respectability) limiting women's agency. Tolerance of IPV and SA by nonpartners varies depending on women's perceived respectability and agency. Most important, we identified a pro-women's rights resistance discourse that constructs femininity and advocates nonviolence from a human rights perspective.

  • 458.
    Salazar, Mariano
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Negotiating Masculinity, Violence, and Responsibility: A Situational Analysis of Young Nicaraguan Men’s Discourses on Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence2015Inngår i: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, ISSN 1092-6771, E-ISSN 1545-083X, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 131-149Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This situational analysis study aims to explore the discourses that young Nicaraguan men use in their understanding of male intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual abuse toward women. Six urban and 8 rural focus group discussions including 91 men were conducted. Positional maps were used to articulate the positions taken in the data within 2 continuums of variation representing men’s reasoning around control over women and men's responsibility for IPV and sexual abuse (SA). Nicaraguan men's discourses ranged from challenging gender inequality, IPV, and SA to supporting the patriarchal gender order. A key finding shows that a discourse supporting gender equality and men's full responsibility for IPV and SA is fighting to achieve recognition in this setting.

  • 459.
    Samuelsson, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Knowledge organization for feminism and feminist research: a discourse oriented study  of systematic outlines, logical structure, semantics and the process of indexing2010Inngår i: Knowledge organization, ISSN 0943-7444, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 3-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus in this article is directed towards an analysis of the knowledge organization systems that index and classify feminist research texts in a Swedish bibliographic context. The article also has an important mission in elucidating the methodology of my analytical framework – so it could be repeated and further used for knowledge organization (KO) research. The theoretical and analytical framework is primarily discourse theoretic. At first, a feminist discourse is defined, of which feminist research is seen as a part. Feminist perspectives are analyzed through textanalysis of PhD-dissertations as feminist articulations. I also analyze the possibilities to classify and index feminist research with the national universal knowledge organization systems (KOS); Svenska Ämnesord (SÄ) and Klassifikationssystem för svenska bibliotek (KSB), and one subject specific system; Kvinnohistoriska samlingarnas ämnesord (KvÄ). The systems are analyzed as articulations. The KOS are studied in order to discuss how they are able to articulate feminist perspectives. In the national universal systems, a severe marginalization of feminist research is noticed. Feminist discourse consisting of feminist theoretical and metatheoretical perspectives are not considered at all in the KOS. The conclusion drawn is that the KOS could not be considered as feminist articulations. The marginalization is interpreted as an objectivistic and universalistic epistemology and ontology; monodisciplinary knowledge and thematic topics are privileged. Feminism is misunderstood as a field relating to socio-political women’s issues, which has marginalized status in the systems. In the subject-specific system Kvinnohistoriska samlingarnas ämnesord incomplete and inadequate knowledge organization is shown. The structure of this index is too simplistic and feminist discourse as such is not defined. Successful organization of feminist knowledge needs to be based on a particular understanding of knowledge and knowledge organization as contextually shaped (and shaping). Feminist literature is expressing feminist discourse qua theme, perspective, and part of the feminist tradition (such as critical, women-centring, and reflexive feminisms) – which must be expressed in the knowledge organization.

  • 460.
    Sanchez-Dominguez, María
    University Complutense of Madrid, Spain.
    Exogamia matrimonial de los inmigrantes latinoamericanos con españoles: integración o estrategia migratoria2011Inngår i: Revista Latinoamericana de Población, ISSN 2175-8581, Vol. 5, nr 8, s. 33-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From the standpoint of assimilation theory, mixed marriages have traditionally been considered as the final stage of the integration process for the immigrants into the host society. From this perspective, we have made use of the recent National Immigrant Survey (2007) in Spain to analyze mixed marriages affecting Latin American immigrants and native Spaniards. Bivariate and multivariate approaches are used to analyze the contexts of these types of marriage, controlling for indicators such as sex, education, current citizenship, year of arrival, and the time between marriage and migration. The results reveal a fascinating and complex portrait of a type of marriage behavior that can vary significantly by country of origin.

  • 461.
    Sanchez-Dominguez, María
    University Complutense of Madrid, Spain.
    Factores estructurales de la exogamia matrimonial de los inmigrantes en España y Portugal2010Inngår i: Revista de Demografía Histórica, ISSN 1696-702X, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 165-194Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies the marriage pattern of immigrants in the south of Europe using data of vital register from 2001 to 2008.

    The aim of this research is to study how immigrant population integrates in Spain and Portugal analyzing intermarriage with native people. The high incidence of intermarriage is considered to be the final step of the immigrant assimilation into the host society. This is the reason for which it is used as a perfectly suitable indicator of the level of assimilation. We expect that frequency of intermarriage will be higher among immigrants from countries linked to the receiving society through a strong historical and cultural bond. Only marriage couples are been included.

  • 462.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Fear and Loathing in Umeå - Gendered Bodies and Actual Imprints of the Haga Man2013Inngår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 108-122Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the responses and reactions among women and men in Umeå during the period of threat from a serial rapist, the so-called Haga Man. This article discusses how the increased threat in public space influenced constructions of male and female bodies in space during a period of changing public crime discourses. The article illustrates the importance of context and demonstrates the temporality of how bodies are perceived in space. Public descriptions of the Haga Man focused on characteristics of the perpetrator’s body and “normal Swedish appearance”, which constructed an image of the dangerous white body. White male respondents positioned themselves in relation to these descriptions, and were partly challenged with respect to new perceptions and meanings associated with “normality”. In descriptions of the Haga Man’s victims, women were presented as vulnerable, but in contrast to many other cases of serial rape there was no immediate focus on their bodies in terms of respectability. A shift of emphasis took place, towards a focus on bodies that frighten, rather than those that are afraid. The findings contribute to a discussion of how gendered power relations can be understood through shifting representations of bodies in space.

  • 463.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    “It was entirely his fault”: constructing white masculinities and the Haga man assaults in Umeå, Sweden 1998-20062013Inngår i: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 178-194Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several cases of single repeat offenders in urban space have raised public concern in Sweden during recent decades. Few studies have been conducted on the consequences of the hostage situations' that emerge when one individual offender causes fear and affects a large group of people in a specific place. The concern of this article is to examine consequences of the Haga Man phenomenon: the case of a serial rapist operating between 1998 and 2006 in Umea, a medium-sized Swedish city. The article focuses on the construction of white masculinities among male respondents in Umea during the time of the attacks. I examine how men positioned themselves in relation to the public image of the offender as a normal Swede' and how they related to women's increasing fear of violence in urban space. Three prominent constructions of masculinity emerged from the research data: the dangerous stranger, the suspect and the protector. These three constructions of masculinity were not clear-cut and did not belong' to specific men several of the interviewees articulated various forms of masculinities but stressed them in different ways depending on, for instance, age and/or ethnicity/race. I conclude that men largely positioned themselves as protectors as a strategy to distance themselves from the perpetrator (the image of the normal Swedish man' performing the rapes) and to ensure that they would not be perceived as suspects. However, men largely perceived that women's increased fear of crime was one man's fault' and broader issues about gendered power relations in space were not raised.

  • 464.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Kwetsbare vrouwen en beschermende mannen (Vulnerable women and men protective men)2009Inngår i: AGORA Tijdschrift voor sociaal-ruimtelijke vraagstukken, Vol. 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 465.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Taking back the Swedish night: making and reclaiming space2019Inngår i: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With a spatial analytical framework, we study Take Back the Night demonstrations as a way of mobilizing for safety and claiming the right to the city. The marches are a symbolic display of women's distress about living in fear of violence. It is a critique of society's inability to handle the problem of prevailing gendered power relations and the unequal access to city spaces that stem from these. The aim of this paper is to examine feminist struggles to challenge gendered spatial power relations, focusing on Take Back the Night mobilization. Hence, this qualitative study focuses Take Back the Night demonstrations as a phenomenon and as an actual spatial strategy, by analysing representations regarding Take Back the Night in Sweden at large, and in Malmo, Sweden's third largest city, in particular. We discuss feminist efforts to create temporary safe spaces in terms of the demonstrations' emancipatory potential and how these spatial claims provoke resistance. The demonstrations and the reactions they create reveal existing inequalities and power structures.

  • 466.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Den progressiva, jämställda staden och den "manliga" kulturens företräde2016Inngår i: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, s. 144-145Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 467.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Afraid and restricted vs bold and equal: women’s fear of violence and gender equality discourses in Sweden2013Inngår i: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 189-203Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the responses and reactions among women in Umeå during the period of threat from the Haga Man: a serial rapist operating between 1998 and 2006, and highlights how women in this new situation handled feelings of vulnerability and fearof violence in public space. The article analyses the ways women positioned themselves in their narratives and how this could be understood in terms of how they negotiated spaces for agency within a context where public space has been represented as safe and gender-equal. Women’s fear of violence is discussed in relation to Swedish genderequality discourses and contextual constructions of femininity. The research is based on empirical data collected through in-depth interviews with women in Umeå. The results show the difficulties of claiming the official position of a gender-equal femininity. The informants’ ambivalence, and partly anger, in relation to a femininity they wanted but could not have also created an opportunity for critique of women’s position in society and thus a challenge to a presumed gender equality that stands in the way of addressing issues of gendered power relations.

  • 468.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    ‘I don’t think we’ll ever be finished with this’: Fear and safety in policy and practice2015Inngår i: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 52, nr 14, s. 2664-2679Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In planning contexts, safety is often discussed from a women’s perspective. An ideal site forexploring some of the key issues is Umea°, a medium-sized town in northern Sweden. Here, attentionto women’s fear of violence greatly increased at the turn of the century, when a single repeatoffender known as the ‘Haga Man’ assaulted several women in the city. People’s (especiallywomen’s) fear of violence came to be seriously recognised, discussed and taken into considerationin the city’s planning. The present research is based on an analysis of empirical data collectedin 2008, through interviews with people who in various ways work to increase safety inUmea°. The paper addresses how the informants define the problem of fear of violence in publicspace and the strategies they employ to address it, what could be described as the analyticalpracticeparadox, as the results show the difficulties of integrating gender-aware planning intoplanning practice.

  • 469.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies, Karlstad University.
    Imagining the ideal city, planning the gender-equal city in Umeå, Sweden2016Inngår i: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 23, nr 12, s. 1750-1762Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on imaginaries of the ideal city is an important method to illustrate the power of ideas, imagination, representations and even visions, and how these dimensions influence the way in which cities are organized and lived. In this article, we argue that one current and important city imaginary in a Swedish context is the gender-equal city. In this imaginary, the gender-equal city becomes a symbol for the open, tolerant, bustling, safe city, a city aiming to attract the middle and creative classes. However, at the same time, the imaginary of the ideal, gender-equal city is highly ambiguous. This ambiguity will be discussed throughout the article. Based on present planning projects in the city of Umeå in Sweden, we will discuss how the imaginary of the gender-equal city is presented, filled with meaning and used in place marketing, with the overall ambition of discussing the possibilities and pitfalls of what we call the gender-equality planning strategy. The aim of the article is to study how the city of Umeå is acting to create a gender-equal city and what kind of imaginaries these practices build on. The material consists primarily of a case study focusing on projects that aim to create an equal city, and also includes analyses of policy documents and media reports. This study illustrates how imaginaries are produced through local projects and different imaginaries provide different spaces for politicizing gendered power relations.

  • 470. Sandell, Kerstin
    et al.
    Sager, MajaRäthzel, NoraUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Kritiska gemenskaper: att skriva feministisk och postkolonial vetenskap : en vänbok till Diana Mulinari2014Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 471.
    Sandlund, Marlene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Skelton, Dawn A.
    Pohl, Petra
    Ahlgren, Christina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Gender perspectives on views and preferences of older people on exercise to prevent falls: a systematic mixed studies review2017Inngår i: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 17, artikkel-id 58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To offer fall prevention exercise programs that attract older people of both sexes there is a need to understand both women's and men's views and preferences regarding these programs. This paper aims to systematically review the literature to explore any underlying gender perspectives or gender interpretations on older people's views or preferences regarding uptake and adherence to exercise to prevent falls. Methods: A review of the literature was carried out using a convergent qualitative design based on systematic searches of seven electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Amed, PsycINFO, Scopus, PEDro, and OTseeker). Two investigators identified eligible studies. Each included article was read by at least two authors independently to extract data into tables. Views and preferences reported were coded and summarized in themes of facilitators and barriers using a thematic analysis approach. Results: Nine hundred and nine unique studies were identified. Twenty five studies met the criteria for inclusion. Only five of these contained a gender analysis of men's and women's views on fall prevention exercises. The results suggests that both women and men see women as more receptive to and in more need of fall prevention messages. The synthesis from all 25 studies identified six themes illustrating facilitators and six themes describing barriers for older people either starting or adhering to fall prevention exercise. The facilitators were: support from professionals or family; social interaction; perceived benefits; a supportive exercise context; feelings of commitment; and having fun. Barriers were: practical issues; concerns about exercise; unawareness; reduced health status; lack of support; and lack of interest. Considerably more women than men were included in the studies. Conclusion: Although there is plenty of information on the facilitators and barriers to falls prevention exercise in older people, there is a distinct lack of studies investigating differences or similarities in older women's and men's views regarding fall prevention exercise. In order to ensure that fall prevention exercise is appealing to both sexes and that the inclusion of both men and women are encouraged, more research is needed to find out whether gender differences exists and whether practitioners need to offer a range of opportunities and support strategies to attract both women and men to falls prevention exercise.

  • 472.
    Sandström, Glenn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Socio-economic determinants of divorce in early twentieth-century Sweden2011Inngår i: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, ISSN 1081-602X, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 292-307Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a combination of census data and aggregated divorce statistics, this study investigates how socio-economic conditionsinfluenced the risk of divorce among men in different occupations during the 1920s and 1930s in Sweden. The results support thetheoretical presupposition that the stability of marriage was associated with the degree of economic interdependence betweenspouses. Rural, low-income, single-provider households with many children exhibit a significantly lower probability of divorcethan urban, dual-provider, high-income households with few children. This lends support to a socio-economic growth hypothesisstating that lower levels of marriage stability first developed in the more affluent strata of society living in urban settings. Thetendency of decreasing marriage stability then successively spread to the middle and lower classes as the divorce rate continued toincrease during the course of the twentieth century.

  • 473.
    Sandström, Glenn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Time–space trends in Swedish divorce behaviour 1911–19742011Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 65-90Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the divorce rate in Sweden has varied over time and across different geographical areas during the period 1911-1974, and how these variations can be connected to the political, socio-economic, and cultural development in Sweden. The analysis provides empirical support for the hypothesis that increased divorce rates has been the result of changes in the structural conditions that determine the degree of economic interdependence between spouses. There is a strong connection between the degree of urbanization and the divorce rate on a regional level for the entire research period. The statistical analysis of the regional data indicates that these patterns are connected to the more diversified economy that has developed in urban settings, in the form of a more qualified labor market and higher wages for females. These characteristics resulted in a faster and more pronounced reduction of economic interdependence between spouses, which made divorce more attainable in these areas as compared to rural settings.

  • 474.
    Sedholm, Charlotte
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Det könade författarskapet: En analys av förkroppsligande av kvinnliga författare inom fantastik-genren2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines in which ways and how female authors in the fantasy-genre are being embodied in their authorship. It is done so through interviews of three published female authors working in the fantasy and/or science fiction genre and analysed with thematic analysis through the lense of Judith Butlers theory on the gender/sex distinction and performativity. The study shows how actors in the field act as gatekeepers by exclusion and how the authors negotiate their position as authors in the context of the fantasy/science fiction genre. The performative regulations of embodiment genders these authors to the extent of questioning the female authorship itself.

  • 475.
    Seger, Gabriella
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    NÄR VÅLD FÖRSTÅS SOM LEGITIMT.: En maktanalys av polisvåldets performativitet utifrån erfarenheter hos våldsutsatta.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Violence is put in a specific context when the police are the perpetrator of violence rendering violence possibly legitimate through sovereignty. The possibility of legitimization of police violence raises important questions of how such violence is legitimized and how resistance is conceived of and defined. I have interviewed seven people in Sweden from different backgrounds, all of whom share the experience of having been subjugated to police violence, including threats, harassments and physical violence.This paper analyzes the performativity of police violence through the relations between police violence, power, sovereignty, subjectstatus and resistance, in order to understand how police violence is being legitimized and to understand its consequenses with respect to those subjugated to it. I’ve also analyzed if this violence is being politicized and, in that case, how politicization is made possible. Performativity implies an understanding where those relations aswell as understandings of it are framing which actions are made possible and rendered real while those very actions themselves also animates those understandings. Those framings are to be understood as neither unambiguous nor ever-lasting.In order to analyze power relations considerate of different backgrounds and experiences where the relationship between the police and those who are subjected to police violence aren’t formulated in political terms I’ve chosen to analyze power relations through subjectstatus and sovereignty. Subjectstatus signifies to which extent we are acknowledged as subjects and thus granted raison d’être through such status. Sovereignty is understood as the power structure giving meaning to the police actions of violence. Thus, I am not analyzing structures of power or identity such as class and gender. Instead I analyze to what extent we are acknowledged as subjects through the concept of subjectstatus where for instance gender and class may be included.The perception of yourself through others is of significance for the risk of being subjected to police violence where the very experience of being violated carry consequences for how we are perceived. Legitimized police violence in itself denies victimstatus to those being violated, thus explaining why the victims of police violence are seldom seen as subjugated to violence. The possibility of police violence being rendered legitimate are materialized through sovereignty where police violence can be understood as a way of outlining the boundaries through which sovereignty acknowledges some subjects the freedom from violence in ambiguous ways.A subject wielding resistance can be conceived of as being in a subject-position, rendering police violence legitimate. The very acts of police violence carry the power to define what is to be understood as resistance. Such subject-positions are advantageous to the police since they entail the possibility of rendering police violence legitimate when someone who is violated by the police can be construed as wielding resistance after the violations. Thus police violence and sovereignty entail their own prerequisites for being rendered real. When the framings of police violence are being materialized through that very violence they can be understood as hegemonic, making police violence hard to politicize.

  • 476. Silander, Charlotte
    et al.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Riis, Ulla
    Lindberg, Leif
    Gender equality and the academy: When desire and choice face hindrance, opportunities and resistance2009Inngår i: 6th European Conference on Gender Equality in Higher Education, 6-7 August, in Stockholm., Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 477. Silander, Charlotte
    et al.
    Riis, Ulla
    Lindberg, Leif
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Gender equality and the academy: Facts or false assumptions?2009Inngår i: Theory and Evidence in European Educational Research, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 478.
    Silfver, Ann-Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Emancipation or neo-colonisation?: Global gender mainstreaming policies, Swedish gender equality politics and local negotiations about putting gender into education reform in the Lao People's Democratic Republic2010Inngår i: Compare, ISSN 0305-7925, E-ISSN 1469-3623, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 479-495Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reflects on gender mainstreaming policies post Beijing and their impact on development cooperation and relations between the Global North and Global South. The analysis is based on an examination of gender equality politics in Sweden, their connection with an interpretation of gender mainstreaming and the application of this approach in work on education change and development cooperation in the Lao People's Democratic Republic. Interviews with Lao government officials at ministry and university levels are used to exemplify how gender mainstreaming can present both possibilities and problems in a local context. The article argues that gender mainstreaming as a political strategy requires a strong focus on contextual circumstances in order to become a vehicle for social transformation.

  • 479.
    Silfver, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik.
    Dam och Herr i det könsneutrala rummet2013Inngår i: Kön och karriär i akademin: en studie inom det utbildningsvetenskapliga fältet / [ed] Elisabeth Öhrn & Lisbeth Lundahl, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2013, s. 53-71Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 480.
    Silfver, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik.
    Subjektspositioner i olika utbildningsvetenskapliga miljöer2013Inngår i: Kön och karriär i akademin: en studie inom det utbildningsvetenskapliga fältet / [ed] Elisabeth Öhrn & Lisbeth Lundahl, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2013, s. 73-106Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 481.
    Silfver, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Danielsson, Anna T.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Berge, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik.
    "It’s a very wide education": Class and gender in students' conceptualisations of the engineering mechanics programme2017Inngår i: GEA conference 2017: programme & book of abstracts, London: Middlesex University , 2017, s. 56-57Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at exploring how intersections of gender, age, social class, and ethnicity are negotiated in talk about the transition from being an engineering student to becoming an engineer. The empirical data consists of final year female engineering students’ narratives collected through video-diaries and interviews. Theoretically we draw on critical discursive psychology (Potter and Wetherell 1992). We investigate how female engineering students use different interpretative repertoires (Edley 2001), which can be described as specific and often contradicting ways of talking about a phenomenon in everyday conversations. Different repertoires are used strategically by people as a way to make sense of their actions and ideas by representing them as ‘good’ and ‘normal’ in the specific context. Wetherell and Potter (1992) argue that repertoires are related to social structures and power relations, which means that not all repertories are available for every individual. The concept of interpretative repertoires is helpful when it comes to analysing the students’ (in)ability to use different repertoires and, in this sense, the (im)possibility for them to achieve different subject positions when they talk about engineering studies and engineering. Power relations are upheld when some social positions becomes troubled, i.e. when a position is questioned or criticized in different ways, while another position is regarded as untroubled, i.e. as a normal and righteous identity that needs no further explaining (Wetherell 1998). The two positions, troubled/untroubled, help to analyze how and in what contexts notions of gender, age, social class and ethnicity are given importance in students’ talk. Our results show that the students are discursively produced as in need of ‘thick skin’. They are both seen as special and normal, too strong and too week, welcomed and pitted. Being older or born abroad is interpreted as unproblematic, but seems to produce invisibility and limited access to employability.

  • 482.
    Simonsson, Per
    et al.
    Department of Economic History, Stockholm University.
    Sandström, Glenn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Ready, Willing, and Able to Divorce: An Economic and Cultural History of Divorce in Twentieth-Century Sweden2011Inngår i: Journal of Family History, ISSN 0363-1990, E-ISSN 1552-5473, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 210-229Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study outlines a long history of divorce in Sweden, recognizing the importance of considering both economic and cultural factors in the analysis of marital dissolution. Following Ansley Coale, the authors examine how a framework of multiple theoretical constructs, in interaction, can be applied to the development toward mass divorce. Applying a long historical perspective, the authors argue that an analysis of gendered aspects of the interaction between culture and economics is crucial for the understanding of the rise of mass divorce. The empirical analysis finds support for a marked decrease in legal and cultural obstacles to divorce already during the first decades of the twentieth century. However, economic structures remained a severe obstacle that prohibited significant increases in divorce rate prior to World War II. It was only during the 1940s and 1960s, when cultural change was complemented by marked decreases in economic interdependence between spouses, that the divorce rate exhibited significant increases. The authors find that there are advantages to looking at the development of divorce as a history in which multiple empirical factors are examined in conjunction, recognizing that these factors played different roles during different time periods.

  • 483.
    Sjödin, Joanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    “If your husband doesn’t beat you,he doesn’t love you”: A qualitative study about the work of change regardingIntimate Partner Violence in Nairobi, Kenya.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative interview study aims to examine the work of change regarding IntimatePartner Violence (IPV), through the voices of seven change workers at Non-GovernmentalOrganizations (NGO) in Nairobi, Kenya. The focus lies on identifying worker’s expresseddefinitions and comprehensions of violence and in what ways those affect the work of changein sectors as victim support, awareness creation & changing societal attitudes and norms. Athematic analysis reveals two themes of social and cultural norms, which emerges as themain comprehensions of violence; as well as essential components of the work of change.Feminist theory enables the image of gendered, embodied norms that supports the hierarchalstructure of marriage and women’s subordination. Findings of social and cultural normsinclude IPV as a loving form to discipline a woman, marital rape does not exist and womenshould stay in marriage. Furthermore, this study presents a mutual understanding of IPV bythe change workers, but with various ways to create change. Obstacles for the eradication ofIPV is presented as lack of shelters, lack of legal implementation, as well as lack ofknowledge within the police force. Key findings include an ambivalent perspective from thechange workers concerning women’s subordination. Most worked against it, while sometaught it, so women could “escape” violence by becoming more submissive. Throughout, IPVis expressed in gender-neutral terms, but interviews reveal the perspective of genderasymmetry and that IPV is a form of violence directed towards women by men.

  • 484.
    Skåreus, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Absent bodies in teacher education2007Inngår i: Present challenges in gender research / [ed] Åsa Andersson & Eva E. Johansson, Umeå: Umeå universitet, Genusforskarskolan , 2007, s. 88-107Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The body has great significance for a teacher and constitutes one of the most important tools of the profession. It is through the body that the teacher is present in the room, performs and meets the students. The body bears knowledge, personality and the subject’s experiences. This has a dialectical relationship and is communicated to the individual from within in its meeting with the students. The students place their experience of the teacher on the exterior of the teacher’s body. Michail Bachtin has coined a term for these relationships: I-for-myself represents what the individual experiences from within, and The-other-for-me represents how the individual experiences the other person which is projected on the being outside, “extralocalization” (Bachtin, 2000). When people perform in their professional role, they are hidden to a certain degree in an institutionalized body, their professional role (Berger, Luckmann, 1998). This professional role is already defined by the employer and thereby marked by social characteristics. During teacher education, the students are trained in an institutionalized body while they are also working to establish their own characteristics. This can be described as a negotiation between demands and their own ambitions, as well as a struggle between being disciplined and manoeuvring for one’s own space. This negotiation or struggle continues in practical training and at abstract levels. Winning a place or space for the exercise of a profession will also be an encounter between institutionalized demands and one’s own conceptions. Moreover, the place or space can be considered as an arena where the body’s suitability in the professional role is negotiated. The objective of this article is to examine how signs of this negotiation about the body are reflected in pictures where art teacher students represent themselves in the professional role.

  • 485.
    Skåreus, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen.
    Digitala speglar: föreställningar om lärarrollen och kön i lärarstudenters bilder2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med avhandlingen är att undersöka visualiserade föreställningar om bildläraryrket vid Lärarutbildningen genom att analysera hur bildlärarstudenter i digital bild gestaltar sig som lärare, samt betydelser av kön i dessa bilder. Bilderna har analyserats diskursivt för att söka svar på frågorna: Vad är det i lärarrollen som kommer till uttryck i dessa bilder? Vilka betydelser av kön visualiseras? Vilka visuella grepp har bildmakarna använt? Hur kan man förstå de val studenterna gjort? Det empiriska materialet består av femtionio bilder, gjorda av fyrtiofem kvinnor och fjorton män. Bilderna producerades av bildlärarstudenter vid Institutionen för estetiska ämnen, Lärarutbildningen, Umeå universitet under en kurs i digital bildbehandling under åren 2000–2002. Samtliga har gett sitt godkännande att delta i studien. Avhandlingen består av två metodologiska linjer som båda bygger på bilder, dels bildskapande som pedagogisk metod, dels bildanalys som vetenskaplig metod. Bildskapande som pedagogisk metod baserar sig till stor del på den engelska fotografen Jo Spence arbeten. Bilderna antas då utgöra en arena för reflektioner kring och problematisering av yrkesrollen samt att de gestaltar föreställningar, förgivettaganden och förväntade erfarenheter inför läraryrket. I bildanalyserna har de individuella gestaltningarna betraktats som en repertoar av möjliga positioner vid lärarutbildningen som studenterna kan representera sig i. Bilderna har därför analyserats som utsagor inom den kontexten. I tolkningar har sedan en kombination av genusteorier, semiotiska och sociokulturella teorier använts. Collaget och montaget har övervägande utgjort bildernas tekniska grund och i de skapade bildrummen förekommer flertalet gestaltande grepp som intertextuella referenser till genrer inom konstvärlden och populärkulturen, allt från kanoniserade konstverk till filmer, fantasy och reklam, multipla jag, värdeperspektiv, primär- och sekundärbilder och att man satt samman olika bildkvaliteter och därmed skapat olika fiktionsgrader i bildrummen. Bilderna har delats upp i två kategorier. ”Professionen i centrum för uppdraget” gestaltar en lärare tillsammans med andra människor i en social situation vilken refererar till en yrkestradition. ”Personligheten i centrum för uppdraget” lyfter fram den gestaltades personlighet eller att andra aspekter kan rymmas i lärarrollen. Här visualiseras ideala figurer, motstånd och en intimisering av skolans praktik. För samtliga bilder finns ett genomgående tema, att skriva in lärargestalten i ämnet bild eller konst- och populärkulturen. Ämnestillhörigheten framstår som en central föreställning om legitimitet och auktoritet. När personligheten är i centrum för läraruppdraget, brukas i högre grad stereotypa gestaltningar. När läraruppdraget är i centrum gestaltas det som en social gruppaktivitet för männen medan kvinnorna gestaltar uppdraget som en individuell uppgift vilket framstår som olika föreställningar om hur femininitet respektive maskulinitet konstrueras i lärarpraktiker. Även reflexivitet eller ett prövande förhållningssätt till praktiken förekommer i högre grad i kvinnornas bilder vilket även tolkas som en förväntad feminin hållning. Kvinnors kroppar representeras inte i lika hög grad som mäns kroppar när uppdraget är i centrum. Här kan en samhällelig diskurs kring sexualiserade bilder vara verksam, men även representationer av makt- eller legitimitet.

  • 486.
    Skåreus, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen.
    Du sköna nya värld2005Inngår i: Tidskrift för lärarutbildning och forskning, ISSN 1404-7659, Vol. 12, nr 1/2, s. 177-194Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I mitt avhandlingsarbete utgör empirin femtioniostudentbilder producerade under enåterkommande kurs i digital bild. Urvaletär hämtat från en treårsperiod. Bilderna ärgjorda i ett tema – att vara lärare, vem ärjag som lärare. Bilderna är också producerademed datorn som verktyg. Dessa bilder kanbetraktas på flera sätt bl.a. som tematiserandekonstbilder, en individuell problematiseringav yrkesvalet, en återspegling av föreställningarkring lärarrollen och resultat av en lärandeprocessmed ett specifikt verktyg. Följandetext fokuserar på verktyget – datorn – i formav olika beskrivningar av och föreställningarkring tekniken. Texten återger delar av dennamångfasetterade palett som framskrivningarav tekniksamhället och datorer utgör. Texturvaletär både från feministisk litteratur,genusforskares texter och teknikforskare, sociologer,konstvetare och psykologer. Syftet medtexten är att ge en inblick i hur datorn ochDu sköna nya världvårt teknifierade samhälle beskrivs. Det i sintur anser jag vara en del av de krafter som ärverksamma när en student ska lära sig arbetamed bilder på en dator.

  • 487.
    Skåreus, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen.
    Kön som analytiskt begrepp2004Inngår i: Slöjdforskning: artiklar från forskarutbildningskursen Slöjd och bild i en vetenskapsfilosofisk och metodologisk kontext : ett UniZon Kvarken-projekt 2003-2004: LUIS=Lärarutbildningar i samverkan / [ed] Christina Nygren-Landgärds & Kajsa Borg, Vasa, Finland: Pedagogiska fakulteten, Åbo Akademi , 2004, s. 223-240Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 488.
    Skåreus, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Pictorial analysis in research on education: method and concepts2009Inngår i: International Journal of Research and Method in Education, ISSN 1743-727X, Vol. 32, nr 2, s. 167-183Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Pictures are rarely used as the principal research material in research on the teaching profession. This article presents the central analytical concepts and method development of such a study. The research material consisted of pictures that art student teachers created from a given theme: Who are you as a teacher? The theoretical frame combines gender theory and socio-culture theory with pictorial semiotics and discourse analysis. The central concepts are exemplified by pictures created by student teachers. The article concludes with a comparative pictorial analysis and interpretation. The research focused on gender issues, associated manly with bodily representation and reflexivity. The aim of the article is to present the method and its relevance for research in education and other disciplines.

  • 489.
    Skåreus, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Vinn deras hjärtan!: Om genus och emotioner i TV-serien Klass 9A2011Inngår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, nr 2-3, s. 117-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the mediation of teachers in a reality-TV program, how gender, femininity, masculinity and emotions interact in a school fiction. The reality-TV program, Klass 9A, consisting of 13 episodes, was broadcasted in Swedish television during spring 2008. In the program, viewers could follow a high school class during the fall semester 2007. The class teachers was replaced by “eight of Sweden’s foremost educators” (the TV-producers words) to help the pupils improve there scores from low level to the third best class in the country during that semester. In that sense this was a Makeover-television and in analyzing the teachers, they are treated as constructions of the producers. Theoretically and methodologically Sara Ahmed’s concept of emotions are used – what emotions do between people, giving and constructing attributes. Three teachers, two men and one woman, are exemplifying the analysis. The math (male) teacher’s pedagogical strategy is love, an approach he both articulate and perform. Love as a teaching method appears as an exercise of power, a patriarchal and biblical informed performance and a powerful discipline tool. In the sport subject, the teacher (male) act to a high degree as a coach, engaging in a democratic sport leadership. He is doing it with empathy, in a way feminine, but without loosing his masculinity, secured by his traditionally male subject sport. The female teacher (Swedish language) is doing masculinity, disembodied by how the producers represent her, but is embodied in the end of the semester, by being represented as sentimental and caring when it comes to the final test. In that sense she is castrated, made less powerful and brought back to the conception of female teachers as carrying. The program supports the conception of missing male teachers in school and a longing for old time discipline.

  • 490.
    Skåreus, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Sigurdson, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Wikberg, Stina
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Sammanfattande reflektioner2018Inngår i: Estetiska ämnen och genus / [ed] Eva Skåreus, Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2018, 1, s. 173--181Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 491.
    Skåreus, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Wikberg, Stina
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Historia, skolutveckling och genus2018Inngår i: Estetiska ämnen och genus / [ed] Eva Skåreus, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2018, 1, s. 23-27Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 492.
    Skåreus, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Wikberg, Stina
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Inledning2018Inngår i: Estetiska ämnen och genus / [ed] Eva Skåreus, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2018, 1, s. 9-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 493.
    Snellman, Marie-Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Socialt arbete.
    "Det är ju inte hela tiden bara lycka heller": äldre kvinnors berättade liv- om arbete, omsorg och åldrande i landsbygdsmiljö2009Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though ageing in Western society has been a major issue in research and politics in recent years, there is still a distinct lack of knowledge about elderly people and their experiences. As much of the ongoing research has focused mainly on the oldest of the old and elderly people in need of public care, research about elderly people in general is needed. Ageing in a rural environment is of interest, because research about the elderly and ageing generally concerns urban areas. The study of old women has grown during the last decades in the academic fields of social gerontology and feminist studies. Older women’s disadvantaged position has been highlighted from a structural perspective. This knowledge needs to be combined with knowledge from a micro level in order to make other experiences of being an older woman visible.

    The importance of considering ageing as an integral part of life has been stressed by social gerontological research during the last decades. The focus of this thesis is the life stories of ten women aged between 75 and 85 years of age. The study has two main aims: firstly, to analyse the diverse meanings involved in being a woman who was born between 1920 and 1930, and lives in the Swedish or Finnish rural countryside. Secondly, the aim is to highlight and analyse how caring is reflected in the women’s stories about their lives. A broad understanding of caring as a fundamental condition for human existence is stressed in the thesis.

    Life stories are never complete, nor do they cover the totality of a life lived. The life story is a story told from a certain perspective in a specific situation and the meaning in the life stories is produced through interaction with the researcher. The women who participated in the study have lived their lives through major societal transformations. Historical events that have affected women’s rights, possibilities and conditions, have served as a framework for understanding the women’s life stories in a wider context. Structural and individual conditions have been taken into account, and indicate that the enabling and limiting conditions are both multi-dimensional and vary from individual to individual. A contextual framing is needed to understand expressions of care in the life stories. The life stories make visible caring as changeable; caring is carried out differently in different contexts and situations. An extended understanding of caring makes it possible to gain additional insights into meaningful expressions of caring during the life course, and these insights reach beyond conventional definitions in theories on caring.

  • 494.
    Solander, Tove
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    "Creating the Senses": Sensation in the work of Shelley Jackson2013Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This monograph on the œuvre of contemporary American author and multimedia artist Shelley Jackson addresses the question of how literary works employ language to evoke sense impressions. Gilles Deleuze’s notion of aesthetic percepts is drawn on to develop a theory of literary phantom sensations which is then tested on the work of Jackson and related authors.  Although imperceptible as such, it is argued that percepts are made perceptible in art in sense-specific forms as phantom sensations. “Phantom” is not meant to indicate a pale shadow of real sensations but the intensely perceived realness of phantom limb phenomena, in accordance with Deleuze’s understanding of the virtual as real but not actual. For the sake of clarity, literary phantom sensations are divided into phantom smells, tastes, touches, sights and sounds, with a chapter devoted to each in turn. It is found that different phantom sensations serve different functions in Jackson’s work, correlated to the cultural history of the senses as outlined by recent sensory scholarship.  Phantom smells are associated with Deleuze’s concept of becoming due to their liminality. Phantom tastes contribute to an aesthetics of distaste in which shades of disgust are cultivated and drawn upon for literary effect. Phantom touch creates conceptual intimacy and invites the reader to handle words like toys in a game. Phantom sight is turned back upon itself in an anatomy of the eye. Phantom hearing is associated with forms of ventriloquism in which it is unclear who is speaking through whom and in which language itself throws its voice. However, it is also found that all phantom sensations similarly serve to create a material and affective connection between the body of the reader and the body of the text. Throughout the dissertation, Jackson’s work is read against and alongside that of other writers such as Djuna Barnes, Neil Bartlett, Brigid Brophy and Leonora Carrington. Together these form a trajectory termed minor writing for queers to come, which is meant to indicate that aesthetic and sexual-political  radicalism go hand in hand.  Furthermore, Jackson’s work is described as a form of body writing informed by feminist body art and écriture féminine. Specifically, Jackson takes her cue from early modern anatomical blazons and describes living bodies in pieces.  Her work is also described as object writing: a literary equivalent to surrealist object art.  A central method for making words more like things is to arrange her texts spatially rather than temporally, as exemplified by her electronic hypertexts.

  • 495.
    Solander, Tove
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Queerblivanden: försök till en queer-Deleuziansk litteraturläsning2012Inngår i: Queera Läsningar / [ed] Katri Kivilaakso, Ann-Sofie Lönngren och Rita Paqvalén, Hägersten: Rosenlarv förlag , 2012, s. 42-63Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 496.
    Sporre, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för svenska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen.
    Att se med andra ögon: feministiska perspektiv på kunskap i ett mångkulturellt samhälle2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 497.
    Sporre, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för svenska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen.
    Cupboards, Neo-liberalism, Knowledges and Ethics1998Inngår i: And There Were Also Women Looking on From Afar, WARC, Geneva, Switzerland , 1998, s. 166-174Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 498.
    Sporre, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för svenska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen.
    En introduktion till Iris Marion Young2000Inngår i: Att kasta tjejkast: Texter om feminism och rättvisa av Iris M Young i urval, Atlas, Stockholm , 2000Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 499.
    Sporre, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för svenska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen.
    Feministisk etik och kunskap i skolan - en skiss2004Inngår i: Gemensamma värden?: Rapport från symposium 8-9 maj, 2003, Lärarhögskolan, Stockholm , 2004, s. 156-168Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 500.
    Sporre, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för svenska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen.
    "Först när vi får ansikten": Etik i en postkolonial epok2001Inngår i: Akka: Tidskrift för kultur & lärande vid Högskolan Dalarna, ISSN 1404-1871, nr Våren 2001, s. 83-113Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
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