umu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
891011121314 501 - 550 of 84925
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 501.
    Ahangari, Alebtekin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Umeå Neurosteroid Research Center, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Bäckström, Torbjörn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Umeå Neurosteroid Research Center, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Innala, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Umeå Neurosteroid Research Center, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Andersson, C.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Umeå Neurosteroid Research Center, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Turkmen, Sahruh
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Umeå Neurosteroid Research Center, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Acute intermittent porphyria symptoms during the menstrual cycle2015In: Internal medicine journal (Print), ISSN 1444-0903, E-ISSN 1445-5994, Vol. 45, no 7, p. 725-731Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP), a life-threatening form of the disease, is accompanied by several pain, mental and physical symptoms.

    Aims: In this study, we evaluated the cyclicity of AIP and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms in 32 women with DNA-diagnosed AIP during their menstrual cycles, in northern Sweden.

    Methods: The cyclicity of AIP symptoms and differences in them between the follicularand luteal phases, and the cyclicity of each symptom in each individual woman indifferent phases of her menstrual cycle were analysed with a prospective daily ratingquestionnaire. PMS symptoms were also evaluated in the patients on a daily rating scale.

    Results: Of the 32 women, 30 showed significant cyclicity in at least one AIP or PMS symptom (P < 0.05–0.001). Back pain (10/32) was the most frequent AIP pain symptomand sweet craving (10/15) was the most frequent PMS symptom. Pelvic pain (F = 4.823,P = 0.036), irritability (F = 7.399, P = 0.011), cheerfulness (F = 5.563, P = 0.025), sexualdesire (F = 8.298, P = 0.007), friendliness (F = 6.157, P = 0.019), breast tenderness (F =21.888, P = 0.000) and abdominal swelling (F = 16.982, P = 0.000) showed significantcyclicity. Pelvic pain and abdominal swelling (rs= 0.337, P < 0.001) showed the strongest correlation. The age of women with latent AIP was strongly correlated with abdominal swelling during the luteal phase (rs= 0.493, P < 0.01).

    Conclusion: Our results suggest that the symptoms of AIP patients change during their menstrual cycles.

  • 502.
    Ahangari, Alebtekin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Stewart Williams, Jennifer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Research Centre for Generational, Health and Ageing, School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.
    Myléus, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Pain and alcohol consumption among older adults: findings from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health, Wave 12016In: Tropical medicine & international health, ISSN 1360-2276, E-ISSN 1365-3156, Vol. 21, no 10, p. 1282-1292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate cross-sectional associations between self-reported recent pain and alcohol use/abstinence, and previous-day pain and previous-week alcohol consumption in adults aged 50 + in six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: The WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 1 (2007-2010) in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa is the data source. Prevalence of alcohol use/abstinence is reported by previous-day and previous-month pain. Multinomial logistic regressions (crude and adjusted for sex and country) tested associations between recent pain and alcohol use in the pooled multicountry sample. RESULTS: Across the six SAGE countries, about one-third of respondents reported alcohol use, being highest in Russia (74%) and lowest in India (16%). Holding the effects of sex and country constant, compared with abstainers, people with previous-day pain were more likely to be previous-day or other users. With regard to the quantity and frequency of alcohol use, people with previous-day pain were more likely to be non-heavy drinkers. CONCLUSION: Overall, we found that, in this population of older adults in six LMICs, recent pain was associated with moderate use of alcohol, although there were differences between countries. The findings provide a platform for country-specific research to better understand bi-directional associations between pain and alcohol in older adults.

  • 503.
    Ahava, Harri
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Brännström, Tomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Videokonferenser – Ett naturligt sätt att mötas? 1997Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 504.
    Ahl, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Equality and the freedom to choose the 'what and when' of schooling: Students with special educational needs in timetable-free settings2007In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 183-197Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 505.
    Ahl, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Läraren och läsundervisningen: En studie av åldersintegrerad pedagogisk praktik med sex- och sjuåringar1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is about reading instruction in six mixed-aged classes, called child schools, with six and seven year old children. The overall questions of this study were: How did the teachers in child schools organise work in general and reading instruction in particular? How did they handle for example the increasing range of variation concerning knowledge and skills that goes together with increasing variation of age? With respect to reading the investigation also examined the content of reading instruction and the extent to which teachers took into account those factors that, according to reading research, are important for the acquisition of reading skills? Overall the research aimed to examine how the reading ability of the pupils developed during their first years at school. Six child schools were included in the study. The data collection extended over three years and contained field studies, interviews with the staff and reading tests with the pupils. Reading theories were used to analyse the form of the reading instruction and Basil Bernstein's theory of visible and invisible pedagogy was used to analyse pedagogical practice in its context. With one exception a visible pedagogy dominated in all the child schools. During lessons designated "my own work" the pupils were allowed to plan their work. This weak framing allowed the pupils to sort themselves into groups of more or less successful learners. In reading instruction, elements of two different models for instruction were combined, e.g. the whole language and the basal reading approach. My conclusion is that this combination is effective in a mixed-age group. Pupils at different competence levels benefit from different approaches. The reading comprehension of the child school pupils did not differ from the levels obtained with comparable pupils in national surveys. The test results, like the learning conditions varied between the schools. In my view the test results were not merely a consequence of the instruction, but also of other circumstances that interacted with the pedagogy.

  • 506.
    Ahl, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Practitioner research for increased inclusion2004In: The European Conference on Educational Research, University of Crete, 22-25 September 2004, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 507.
    Ahl, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    TUFI-projektet: tidig upptäckt - förebyggande insatser: En handlingsplan för den förberedande och grundläggande läs- och skrivundervisningen. Skolan i Umeå2002Report (Other academic)
  • 508.
    Ahl, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Utvärdering av specialpedagogfunktionen, Örnsköldsviks kommun2004Report (Other academic)
  • 509.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    From, Jörgen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Johansson, Ulla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Tid som frihet – tid som tvång: Fostran, bedömning och elevers behov i den mål- och resultatstyrda svenska grundskolan2005In: SOU 2005:102 Utan timplan - forskning och utvärdering: Antologi från Timplanedelegationen, Fritzes, Stockholm , 2005, p. 173-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 510.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Johansson, Ulla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    The logic of time allocation in Swedish timetable free schools; the interplay between grading criteria, students´ needs and the need for time discipline2005In: The ECER- conference i Dublin, 7-10 september, 2005, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 511.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Backman, Jarl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    An Evaluation of the Role of Resource Persons in a Venture to Increase IT Access for Disabled Pupils2003In: ED-MEDIA, World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunication, Honolulu, Hawai USA, June 27; 2003, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 512.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Backman, Jarl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Resurspersoner i särskild satsning på IT för elever med funktionshinder: En utvärdering2002Report (Other academic)
  • 513.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Nilsson, Ingrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Changes in Teacher Education in Sweden: Some Inplications for Special Education2000In: The 25th ATEE Annual Conference, Barcelona, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 514.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Nilsson, Ingrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Teacher Education for the New Century in Sweden2000In: European Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 0261-9768, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 117-125Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 515.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Olofsson, Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Taube, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Studenter med dyslexi inom högre utbildning i Sverige och Storbritannien2010In: Dyslexi : aktuellt om läs- och skrivsvårigheter, ISSN 1401-2480, no 3, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 516.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nyström, Maria
    To handle the unexpected: the meaning of caring in pre-hospital emergency care2012In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 33-41Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patient's voice has not been present to the same degree as the professional perspective in caring research in a pre-hospital context. In order to further develop and improve pre-hospital care, it is therefore important to explore patients' situations not only in life threatening but also in non-traumatic situations. This is especially important as these patients might be defined as inappropriate attendees of ambulance services. The aim of this study was to interpret and explain experiences of caring in pre-hospital care situations that are not defined as traumatic or life threatening. Twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. The design of the study was exploratory, and it used an interpretative approach in order to understand the meaning of pre-hospital caring. The findings show that pre-hospital caring can be understood and explained as a matter of interplay between carer(s) and patient with potentials for positive as well as negative outcomes. Our conclusion is that the initial meeting is of vital importance in how patients experience pre-hospital care. It is suggested that general public information on the development of Swedish pre-hospital care received in turn may facilitate the first encounter between patient and carer(s). 

  • 517.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Health Sciences, University Collage of Borås, SE-501, 90 Borås, Sweden.
    Nyström, Maria
    Jansson, Lilian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Making up one's mind: patients' experiences of calling an ambulance2006In: Accident and Emergency Nursing, ISSN 0965-2302, E-ISSN 1532-9267, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 11-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the inappropriate use of ambulance transport and care has mainly been studied from the professionals' and caregivers' perspective, with few studies focusing on the patient and his/her experiences. To further understand whether patients use ambulance care in an inappropriate manner and, if so, why, it is important to obtain an overall picture of the patients' existential situation at the time they call an ambulance. The aim of this study was to analyse and describe patients' experiences related to the decision to call an ambulance and the wait for it to arrive. The design was explorative, and twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. Qualitative content analyses were performed. The findings showed that calling for an ambulance is a major decision that is preceded by hesitation and attempts to handle the situation by oneself. Our conclusion is that the definition of inappropriate use of valuable health care resources should not be based solely on the professionals' point of view but also take account of the patients' reactions when they experience a threat to their life and health.

  • 518. Ahl, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Lindberg, Mikael J
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
    Tibell, Lena A E
    Coexpression of yeast copper chaperone (yCCS) and CuZn-superoxide dismutases in Escherichia coli yields protein with high copper contents2004In: Protein Expression and Purification, ISSN 1046-5928, E-ISSN 1096-0279, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 311-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To fully understand the function of the Cu- and Zn-containing superoxide dismutases in normal and disordered cells, it is essential to study protein variants with full metal contents. We describe the use of an Escherichia coli-based expression system for the overproduction of human intracellular wild type CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), the CuZnSOD variant F50E/G51E (monomeric), two amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-related mutant CuZnSOD variants (D90A and G93A), and PseudoEC-SOD, all with high Cu contents. This system is based on coexpression of the SOD variants with the yeast copper chaperone yCCS during growth in a medium supplemented with Cu(2+) and Zn(2+). The recombinant SOD enzymes were all found in the cytosol and represented 30-50% of the total bacterial protein. The enzymes were purified to homogeneity and active enzymes were obtained in high yield. The resulting proteins were characterized through immunochemical reactivity and specific activity analyses, in conjunction with mass-, photo-, and atomic absorption-spectroscopy.

  • 519.
    Ahl, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Swartz, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    När genväg blir omväg: En kvalitativ studie om workarounds komplexa natur och dess mångsidiga konsekvenser i en ISO-certifierad organisation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study examines positive and negative effects on effectivity as a result of alternative processes (workarounds) performed within an ISO-certificated organizations information system. To identify these workarounds we used contextual inquiry. This gave us an understanding of how the information systems users actually practice their work. The result of our acquired data revealed six major workarounds. To analyze these workarounds in relation to its complicated context we utilized three theoretical models. This gave us a broad understanding of each of the workarounds and made it possible to understand why each workaround was conducted, its implications on effectivity and what kind of a challenge/dilemma it posed. The analysis indicated that the workarounds had what we deduced as negative impact on the organizations effectivity as a whole. Many of the workarounds could have been seen as very effective alternatives to the designed work process but only if valued in a micro-context. The fact that they still occur are most likely the result of the fact that the users of the information system lack understanding of how the organization and its processes are structured as a whole and how their work as well as how they perform it is part of a bigger picture. Finally we present how future research, based on this study, could focus on developing a better model to understand the complicated context. We also propose that studies could investigate the possibility of shaping an ISO-standard which is responsive to the diversity of organizations actual work processes while still ensuring a qualitative standard.

  • 520.
    Ahl, Steffen
    Bauhaus Universität Weimar, Deutschland.
    Schwedenhäppchen2001Report (Other academic)
  • 521.
    Ahl, Steffen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Schwedenhäppchen: Ein Forschungseisebericht2001Report (Other academic)
  • 522.
    Ahlbeck, Jakob
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Mosebach, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Analys av risker med garantinivåer i förhållande till förväntade utbetalningar och portföljavkastningar för traditionella pensionsförsäkringar: Ett examensarbete för Folksam Liv med dotterbolag2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 523.
    Ahlbeck, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Truedsson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Analysfasen i systemutvecklingen - ett problem?1988Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 524. Ahlberg, Alexander
    et al.
    al-Abany, Massoud
    Alevronta, Eleftheria
    Friesland, Signe
    Hellborg, Henrik
    Mavroidis, Panayiotis
    Lind, Bengt K
    Laurell, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Esophageal stricture after radiotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer: experience of a single institution over 2 treatment periods2010In: Head and Neck, ISSN 1043-3074, E-ISSN 1097-0347, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 452-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enteral feeding during EBRT is strongly associated with the development of stricture of the esophagus, as is a mean dose of >45 Gy to the upper esophagus. Treatment of the stricture with Savary-Gilliard bougienage or through scope balloon dilatation is safe and successful but often has to be repeated.

  • 525. Ahlberg, Alexander
    et al.
    Engström, Therese
    Nikolaidis, Polymnia
    Gunnarsson, Karin
    Johansson, Hemming
    Sharp, Lena
    Laurell, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Early self-care rehabilitation of head and neck cancer patients2011In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, ISSN 0001-6489, E-ISSN 1651-2251, Vol. 131, no 5, p. 552-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    CONCLUSIONS: No positive effects of early preventive rehabilitation could be identified. The results do not contradict the proposition that rehabilitation based on self-care can be effective but it is important to establish evidence-based training programs and identify proper instruments for selection of patients and evaluation of intervention.

    OBJECTIVES: Patients with head and neck cancer suffer from functional impairments due to intense treatment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of an experimental early preventive rehabilitation using hard, objective end points in a nonselective, longitudinal, prospective cohort study.

    METHODS: In all, 190 patients were included in the program and received instructions for training before the start of treatment with the aim of reducing swallowing problems and reducing mouth opening and stiffness in the neck. A control group of 184 patients was recruited.

    RESULTS: There was no difference in weight loss and 2-year survival between the two groups. No positive effects concerning functional impairments were found in patient-reported outcome measures.

  • 526. Ahlberg, Alexander
    et al.
    Nikolaidis, Polymnia
    Engström, Therese
    Gunnarsson, Karin
    Johansson, Hemming
    Sharp, Lena
    Laurell, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Otorhinolaryngology.
    Morbidity of supraomohyoidal and modified radical neck dissection combined with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer: a prospective longitudinal study2012In: Head and Neck, ISSN 1043-3074, E-ISSN 1097-0347, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 66-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to show the investigated impact of supraomohyoidal neck dissection and modified radical neck dissection, both combined with radiotherapy, on cervical range of motion (CROM), mouth opening, swallowing, lymphedema, and shoulder function.

    METHODS: One hundred eight patients who had neck dissections and 98 patients who had non-neck dissections were evaluated in a prospective, nonselective, longitudinal cohort study by a physiotherapist and a speech-language pathologist (SLP) before the start of radiotherapy and up to 12 months after treatment.

    RESULTS: The incidence of shoulder disability after neck dissection was 18%. Supraomohyoidal neck dissection had no significant effect on the evaluated parameters at any time point. Modified radical neck dissection significantly reduced CROM and mouth opening 2 months after treatment, but after 12 months only cervical rotation was still significantly reduced.

    CONCLUSION: In patients treated with external beam radiation (EBRT), modified radical neck dissection induced additional morbidity regarding CROM but not regarding mouth opening, swallowing, and lymphedema 1 year after treatment. Both modified radical neck dissection and supraomohyoidal neck dissection induced shoulder disability.

  • 527.
    Ahlberg, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Basic training programme for Police Officers.
    Det lokala brottsförebyggande rådet och möjligheten för polisen2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport handlar om det lokala brottsförebyggande rådet och samarbetet med polisen i Skellefteå Kommun. Jag har även belyst ungdomarnas situation och det brottsförebyggande arbetet mot ungdomar. I teorikapitlet har jag tagit upp några teorier om hur man ska få ett effektivt förebyggande arbete inom kommunen. Resultatet visar att genom ett nära samarbete med polis, socialtjänst och övriga myndigheter kan man komma långt i det brottsförebyggande arbetet. Jag har använt mig av den nationella rapporten ”allas vårt ansvar” som man jobbar efter i Skellefteå. Dessutom har jag intervjuat tre nyckelpersoner när det gäller brottsförebyggande arbetet. De jobbar alla tre i Skellefteå och har god lokal kännedom. Den viktigaste slutsatsen är att ha en situationell och social prevention som fungerar och att man prioriterar tidiga insatser mot ungdomar som har problem hemma eller i skolan.

  • 528. Ahlberg, Beth Maina
    et al.
    Krantz, Ingela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Lindmark, Gunilla
    Warsame, Marian
    'It's only a tradition': making sense of eradication interventions and the persistence of female 'circumcision' within a Swedish context2004In: Critical Social Policy, ISSN 0261-0183, E-ISSN 1461-703X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 50-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper questions why female circumcision (FC) persists despite eradication interventions and the migration of people to non-practising countries and discusses the reasoning of Somali immigrants on female circumcision. It is based on interviews with diverse groups and individuals in the Somali community, mostly refugees in Sweden. Paradoxes implying denial and avoidance emerged. Female circumcision was described, as just 'a tradition' that has little to do with Islam. The fear of bringing up an uncircumcised daughter in the liberal sexual morality of Sweden was mentioned as a dilemma. Circumcised women said the health care they received during pregnancy and childbirth was poor while the law failed to take account of the experiences of the Somali people. We conclude that rather than eradication, interventions seem to have silenced and stigmatized the practice due to their failure to take account of its meanings, organization and contexts, including the diasporic dynamics within which immigrants negotiate identities.

  • 529.
    Ahlberg, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Tal- och språksvårigheter hos elever i grundskola, grundsärskola och specialskola: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med speciallärare.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how special educational needs teachers can work and what teaching methods they could use to help pupils with speech and language difficulties. In order to achieve the best result a qualitative study was carried out which involved interviewing special educational needs teachers. The teachers described how they tailor their teaching methods to pupil’s individual needs and circumstances. The results of interviews and previous research provided a deeper understanding about hearing impairment, intellectual development disability and language disorders. The interviews demonstrate the importance of working with teaching methods that assist in the development of language. The results show that phonological awareness is essential for literacy skills and that early intervention and linguistic awareness are important. Practising can be done through structured conversations about texts, intensive training in reading and through experience-based teaching. Because language constantly evolves over time pupils should receive practice in language throughout their time in school. Furthermore it appears that it is important to have structured teaching. The results emphasize potential areas of development by using and varying whole class, group and one-on-one teaching. In conclusion pupils must be offered a structured and language development teaching and receive the support they are entitled to in school to acquire a good speech and language.

  • 530.
    Ahlberg, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Johansson, Viola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax: – En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Bakgrund: Att förebygga sjukdom och lindra lidande är två av sjuksköterskans huvuduppgifter. Trycksår räknas som vårdskada och är ett universellt problem med relativt konstant frekvens som innebär mycket smärta och lidande för patienten. Trycksår kan förebyggas i de flesta fall vilket är en del av vårdpersonalens ansvar.

    Syfte: Denna litteraturstudie avser att beskriva vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax.

    Metod: 11 kvantitativa forskningsartiklar om vårdpersonals kunskap beträffande trycksårsprofylax har granskats och sammanställts för att få en klarare syn på kunskapen.

    Resultat: Även om vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax överlag är relativt god så har man ändå kunnat identifiera stora kunskapsluckor.

    Konklusion: Dessa kunskapsluckor kan vara en av orsakerna till att undvikbara trycksår fortfarande uppstår.    

    Nyckelord: Sjuksköterska, trycksår, prevention, profylax, kunskap 

  • 531.
    Ahlberg, Carolina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience.
    Event related cortical desynchronization during motor imagery in spinal cord injury patients Can electroencephalographically-recorded mu waves command a wheelchair?2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 532.
    Ahlberg, Caroline
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Planering av fritidshus: En studie om Stockholms skärgårds planaktörer och dilemmat fritidshus2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this bachelor thesis is to identify how second homes are applied in planning strategies between different levels of planning. The planning levels are identified by municipality’s and part-regional levels. Furthermore, this thesis aims to analyze in which contexts second homes brings consequences in both positive and negative ways. To answer the purpose of this analyze a case study based on Stockholm archipelago was made. Two part-regional documents, seven documents for the municipalities in the archipelago and two semi-structured interviews with stakeholders was conducted to answer the aim.

    Second homes indicate the change of where a resident primarily lives depending on season. Which means that planning strategies should take into consideration for a phenomenon that doesn’t dwell on an all year basis. Due to this analyze, six themes were identified for the implementation of second homes in the planning strategies. Two main themes were identified. The first theme is in regards of the change that plays out when a second home becomes the primary dwelling and on the other hand when the primary dwelling becomes a second home. This in a combination with the second theme which indicates that the localization of the dwellings is of high priority for planning strategies in Stockholm archipelago. Remaining themes are identified in the planning strategies for the municipalities, which is the local level in this study. They indicate for example that second homes can provide profit for the local organizations and stakeholders, but some contexts also include the opposite implication as well. Furthermore, the themes apply to restrictions of use, constructions and the local conditions. 

  • 533.
    Ahlberg, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Bono, Brittany
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Vad hände och hur gör vi nu?: En fallstudie om hur GDPR har tvingat den enskilda organisationen till interna förändringar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den nya EU-förordningen GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) tillämpades under 2018 och har orsakat en hel del förändringar på olika fronter. Främst har de företag och organisationer som hanterar större mängder med personuppgifter blivit påverkade och tvingats till organisationsförändringar för att anpassa sig. Detta dynamiska fenomen har undersökts från flera olika perspektiv under åren, men i och med nya tvingande krafter uppstår ny dynamik. Den externa påverkan som GDPR medför till interna organisationsförändringar är fortfarande ett frågetecken inom forskning och denna ovanliga kontext skapar en utmärkt möjlighet att undersöka samspelet mellan extern påverkan och planerad intern förändring.

     

    Denna studie undersöker vilka interna förändringar GDPR har orsakat inom den enskilda organisationen och vilka effekter detta har medfört. Syftet är därmed att beskriva hur organisationen har påverkats av GDPR med fokus på de olika stadierna i förändringsprocessen. Detta utökas för att få en bredare syn genom att undersöka upplevelserna inom de olika befattningsgraderna inom företaget och därmed få en förståelse för eventuella konsekvenser och utmaningar som har uppstått. Med andra ord ligger övergripande fokus på de organisationsförändringar som uppstår i en tvingad planerad förändring till följd av den externa kraften GDPR.

     

    För att uppnå detta på bästa sätt och kunna skapa en grundläggande förståelse har denna studie använt sig av kvalitativ metod. Med detta i åtanke har en fallstudie gjorts på företaget A3, innehållande en observation samt semi-strukturerade intervjuer inom de olika nivåerna i företaget. Utifrån dessa har den empiriska datan kunnat framställas och gett väga för studiens resultat. Resultatet innehåller bland annat de olika uppfattningarna av GDPR som har getts av ledningen, middle-managers och medarbetarna. I grunden har dessa varit relativt lika men med hänsyn till att olika nivåer uppmärksammar olika synsätt på processen och dess effekter. Vidare har resultaten kunnat analyseras utifrån det teoretiska ramverket, med stort fokus på den sammanfattande modellen som kombinerar externa teorier med interna för att skapa en helhetsbild.

     

    Sammanfattningsvis har analysen funnit att företaget omedvetet har använt sig av flera teorier för en lyckad organisationsförändring, men det har även uppmärksammats en del avvikelser. Exempelvis har företaget använt sig av agilt arbetssätt för att lättare anpassa sig, men inte utnyttjat kommunikationsteorier som vill inkludera alla, utan de har valt att begränsa kommunikationen i olika stadier. I slutändan har författarna funnit att företaget saknar uppföljning på en helhetsnivå för att kontrollera att alla inom företaget förstår och efterlever direktiven. Detta kan även medföra att behövliga förändringar i processen inte upptäcks, utan faller mellan stolarna på grund av den saknade kunskapen av problemen. Utifrån detta har rekommendationer till möjliga anpassningar erbjudits för att skapa uppföljning på en helhetsnivå.

  • 534.
    Ahlberg, Elisabet
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hallgren, Marie
    Träning av exekutiva funktioner jos vuxna: En 19 månaders uppföljning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Flera studier visar att exekutiva funktioner kan förbättras genom träning. Trots detta är det oklart hur stabila träningseffekter är över tid. Denna studie undersöker om ett träningsprogram som adresser tre exekutiva funktioner ger stabila tränings‐ och transfereffekter hos friska unga individer. Syftet med studien var att följa upp ett träingsprogram som tränade uppdatering, skiftning och inhibering och undersöka om de effekterna som uppmättes vid posttestning fortfarande bestod efter 19 månader. I studien deltog 11 personer från träingsgruppen och åtta från kontrollgruppen. Resultaten visade på tendenser till bestånde effekter i den tränade uppgiften Bokstaven. 

    Analyserna visade på en liknande trend, tendenser till bestånde nära transfer, för en otränad uppgift som mäter uppdateringsfömåga. Vad gäller avlägsen transfer kunde inga bestånde effekter redovisas. Arbetsminnesträing är ett forskningsfält med måga obesvarade fråor och motsägelsefulla resultat. För att föstå vilka faktorer som driver transfereffekter och ger kvarstånde resultat behövs fler studier som undersöer vilken typ av träing som ger generaliserade föbättringar som håller i sig över tid.

  • 535.
    Ahlberg, Helena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Grönlund, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Lekande lätt: att lära matematik utomhus på ett sociokulturellt sätt.2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tanken bakom detta examensarbete var att framställa ett laborativt läromedel i matematik för utomhusmiljö som ska upplevas som motivationshöjande och lustfyllt för eleverna. Läromedlet är upplagt i lektionsplaneringar som är förankrade i läroplanen för det obligatoriska skolväsendet (1994), i kursplanen för matematik samt i de sex aspekterna på lärande ur sociokulturellt perspektiv som Dysthe (2003) skriver om. Vi har arbetat fram ett material som innefattar rumsuppfattning och mätning eftersom dessa passar utmärkt att genomföra i utemiljö. Idéerna till lektionsplaneringarna är utifrån oss själva men inspiration från tidigare kurser, kurslitteratur och VFU-platser går inte att frånse. Upplägget på lektionerna är utifrån Lindström och Pennlerts (2003) modell, där flera didaktiska frågeställningar tas i beaktning. Resultatet på detta examensarbete är de tio lektionsplaneringar som vi arbetat fram samt de kopplingar som vi har sett till de sex aspekterna och utomhusmiljön. Slutsatsen är en bekräftelse för oss och våra teorier om att undervisning utomhus ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv går att förverkliga i lektionsplaneringar. Vi hoppas att flera lärare kommer att utnyttja vårt material för att få variation i sin undervisning.

  • 536.
    Ahlberg, Jane
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Dannvik, Rebecka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder: En litteraturstudie om omvårdnadsåtgärder vid Anorexia nervosa.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Anorexia nervosa är en ätstörning som debuterar i allt yngre ålder och kan yttra sig på olika sätt beroende på individen. Detta leder till att det inte finns ett enkelt svar på hur sjukdomen ska behandlas. Det ställer krav på både kunskap och erfarenhet hos sjuksköterskorna för att förstå komplexiteten av anorexia nervosa, vilket är nödvändigt för att uppnå ett lyckat behandlingsresultat.

     

    Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder vid behandling av anorexia nervosa hos unga kvinnor.

     

    Metod: En litteraturstudie grundad på åtta kvalitativa artiklar. Artiklarnas resultat har granskats, analyserats och sammanställts för att besvara syftet. Databassökningen har genomförts i Cinahl, Pubmed samt PsykInfo.

     

    Resultat: Sammanfattningen av artiklarnas resultat bildade tre kategorier som beskriver de omvårdnadsåtgärder sjuksköterskorna använder: 1) Bygga och upprätthålla en god relation till patienten, 2) Säkerställa viktökning och 3) Återställa ett normalt ätbeteende.  

     

    Slutsats: Litteraturstudien beskriver hur behandlingen påverkas av hur sjuksköterskorna genomför omvårdnaden. Att skapa en god relation till patienten är en avgörande komponent för att lyckas med viktökning och en beteendeförändring hos patienten.   

     

    Nyckelord: Anorexia nervosa, behandling, kvinnor, omvårdnad, ungdomar

  • 537.
    Ahlberg, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Ambjörnsson, Tobias
    Lizana, Ludvig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Many-body effects on tracer particle diffusion with applications for single-protein dynamics on DNA2015In: New Journal of Physics, ISSN 1367-2630, E-ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 17, article id 043036Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    30% of the DNA in E. coli bacteria is covered by proteins. Such a high degree of crowding affects the dynamics of generic biological processes (e.g. gene regulation, DNA repair, protein diffusion etc) in ways that are not yet fully understood. In this paper, we theoretically address the diffusion constant of a tracer particle in a one-dimensional system surrounded by impenetrable crowder particles. While the tracer particle always stays on the lattice, crowder particles may unbind to a surrounding bulk and rebind at another, or the same, location. In this scenario we determine how the long time diffusion constant D (after many unbinding events) depends on (i) the unbinding rate of crowder particles k(off), and (ii) crowder particle line density rho, from simulations (using the Gillespie algorithm) and analytical calculations. For small k(off), we find D similar to k(off)/rho(2) when crowder particles do not diffuse on the line, and D similar to root Dk(off)/rho when they are diffusing; D is the free particle diffusion constant. For large k(off), we find agreement with mean-field results which do not depend on k(off). From literature values of k(off) and D, we show that the small k(off) -limit is relevant for in vivo protein diffusion on crowded DNA. Our results apply to single-molecule tracking experiments.

  • 538.
    Ahlberg, Tomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jimmy Carters roll som medlare (Nordkorea, Haiti och Bosnien)1996Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 539.
    Ahlbom, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    När livet skapar brytpunkter i karriären: En narrativ studie av fyra individers karriärutveckling2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Karriär är idag ett uppdaterat begrepp som innefattar hela individens liv med åtaganden, sociala relationer och arbetsplatser. Karriären är under ständig utveckling och förs framåt med hjälp av olika vändningar och skiften, också kallade brytpunkter. Studiens syfte var att skapa kunskap kring karriärutvecklingen och dess brytpunkter, vilket gjordes genom att studera fyra individers karriärberättelser. Dessa individer hade alla genomgått både frivilliga, påtvingade och strukturella brytpunkter inom sitt yrkesverksamma liv. Resultatet visar att en karriär består av olika sorters brytpunkter och rutiner, men att det kan vara svårt att kategorisera dem. Därav blir en av slutsatserna att brytpunkter och rutiner är en enhetlig process som tillsammans skapar och utvecklar en människas karriär. 

  • 540. Ahlborg, Liv
    et al.
    Hedman, Leif
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Murkes, Daniel
    Westman, Bo
    Kjellin, Ann
    Fellander-Tsai, Li
    Enochsson, Lars
    Visuospatial ability correlates with performance in simulated gynecological laparoscopy2011In: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, ISSN 0301-2115, E-ISSN 1872-7654, Vol. 157, no 1, p. 73-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To analyze the relationship between visuospatial ability and simulated laparoscopy performed by consultants in obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN). Study design: This was a prospective cohort study carried out at two community hospitals in Sweden. Thirteen consultants in obstetrics and gynecology were included. They had previously independently performed 10-100 advanced laparoscopies. Participants were tested for visuospatial ability by the Mental Rotations Test version A (MRT-A). After a familiarization session and standardized instruction, all participants subsequently conducted three consecutive virtual tubal occlusions followed by three virtual salpingectomies. Performance in the simulator was measured by Total Time, Score and Ovarian Diathermy Damage. Linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between visuospatial ability and simulated laparoscopic performance. The learning curves in the simulator were assessed in order to interpret the relationship with the visuospatial ability. Results: Visuospatial ability correlated with Total Time (r = -0.62; p = 0.03) and Score (r = 0.57; p = 0.05) in the medium level of the virtual tubal occlusion. In the technically more advanced virtual salpingectomy the visuospatial ability correlated with Total Time (r = -0.64; p = 0.02), Ovarian Diathermy Damage (r = -0.65; p = 0.02) and with overall Score (r = 0.64; p = 0.02). Conclusions: Visuospatial ability appears to be related to the performance of gynecological laparoscopic procedures in a simulator. Testing visuospatial ability might be helpful when designing individual training programs.

  • 541. Ahlborg, Liv
    et al.
    Hedman, Leif
    Nisell, Henry
    Felländer-Tsai, Li
    Enochsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery. Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Center for Advanced Medical Simulation and Training (CAMST), Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Division of Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Simulator training and non-technical factors improve laparoscopic performance among OBGYN trainees2013In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 92, no 10, p. 1194-1201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate how simulator training and non-technical factors affect laparoscopic performance among residents in obstetrics and gynecology. DESIGN: In this prospective study, trainees were randomized into three groups. The first group was allocated to proficiency-based training in the LapSimGyn(®) virtual reality simulator. The second group received additional structured mentorship during subsequent laparoscopies. The third group served as control group. At baseline an operation was performed and visuospatial ability, flow and self-efficacy were assessed. All groups subsequently performed three tubal occlusions. Self-efficacy and flow were assessed before and/or after each operation. SETTING: Simulator training was conducted at the Center for Advanced Medical Simulation and Training, Karolinska University Hospital. Sterilizations were performed at each trainee's home clinic. POPULATION: Twenty-eight trainees/residents from 21 hospitals in Sweden were included. METHODS/MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visuospatial ability was tested by the Mental Rotation Test-A. Flow and self-efficacy were assessed by validated scales and questionnaires. Laparoscopic performance was measured as the duration of surgery. Visuospatial ability, self-efficacy and flow were correlated to the laparoscopic performance using Spearman's correlations. Differences between groups were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U-test. RESULTS: No differences across groups were detected at baseline. Self-efficacy scores before and flow scores after the third operation were significantly higher in the trained groups. Duration of surgery was significantly shorter in the trained groups. Flow and self-efficacy correlate positively with laparoscopic performance. CONCLUSIONS: Simulator training and non-technical factors appear to improve the laparoscopic performance among trainees/residents in obstetrics and gynecology.

  • 542. Ahlborg, Liv
    et al.
    Weurlander, Maria
    Hedman, Leif
    Nisel, Henry
    Lindqvist, Pelle G
    Felländer-Tsai, Li
    Enochsson, Lars
    Individualized feedback during simulated laparoscopic training: a mixed methods study.2015In: International Journal of Medical Education, ISSN 2042-6372, E-ISSN 2042-6372, Vol. 6, p. 93-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the value of individualized feedback on performance, flow and self-efficacy during simulated laparoscopy. Furthermore, we wished to explore attitudes towards feedback and simulator training among medical students.

    METHODS: Sixteen medical students were included in the study and randomized to laparoscopic simulator training with or without feedback. A teacher provided individualized feedback continuously throughout the procedures to the target group. Validated questionnaires and scales were used to evaluate self-efficacy and flow. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to evaluate differences between groups regarding laparoscopic performance (instrument path length), self-efficacy and flow. Qualitative data was collected by group interviews and interpreted using inductive thematic analyses.

    RESULTS: Sixteen students completed the simulator training and questionnaires. Instrument path length was shorter in the feedback group (median 3.9 m; IQR: 3.3-4.9) as compared to the control group (median 5.9 m; IQR: 5.0-8.1), p<0.05. Self-efficacy improved in both groups. Eleven students participated in the focus interviews. Participants in the control group expressed that they had fun, whereas participants in the feedback group were more concentrated on the task and also more anxious. Both groups had high ambitions to succeed and also expressed the importance of getting feedback. The authenticity of the training scenario was important for the learning process.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the importance of individualized feedback during simulated laparoscopy training. The next step is to further optimize feedback and to transfer standardized and individualized feedback from the simulated setting to the operating room.

  • 543.
    Ahlbäck, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Carlsson, Tobias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Analys av Swedbanks bankkunders risktagande: En studie om hur Behavioural Finance kan utveckla Swedbanks rådgivningsprocess2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 544. Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Jarstad, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Karlsson, Christer
    Widmalm, Sten
    Projektsamhället och hoten mot akademin2016In: Det hotade universitetet / [ed] Shirin Ahlbäck Öberg, Li Bennich-Björkman, Jörgen Hermansson, Anna Jarstad, Christer Karlsson och Sten Widmalm, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2016, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 545.
    Ahlfeldt, Linn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rennäringens intressen inom det samiska förvaltningsområdet: En komperativ fallstudie mellan de samiska förvaltningskommunerna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att belysa huruvida de samiska intressena, med fokus på rennäringen, framställs i de samiska förvaltningskommunernas översiktsplaner. Syftet är även att belysa hur dessa översiktsplaner beskriver rennäringen i relation till övriga näringar samt om en kan urskilja någon skillnad beroende på när översiktsplanen reviderades. De samiska förvaltningskommunernas översiktsplaner delas upp i två grupper, där den ena gruppen besitter översiktsplaner som är antagna före lagen om minoriteter och minoritetsspråk (SFS 2009:724) antagits och den andre gruppens översiktsplaner är reviderade efter denna lag antagits. En blandning mellan kvantitativ innehållsanalys och kvalitativ innehållsanalys tillämpas för att analysera uppsatsens material. Resultaten som presenteras i denna uppsats är bland annat att dessa två grupper med samiska förvaltningskommuner skiljer sig åt gällande frekvensen av kodningsenheterna som fastställts. Vidare visar resultaten på en skillnad mellan kommunerna gällande huruvida rennäringen beskrivs i positiv eller negativ dager i förhållande till andra näringar i kommunen. Uppsatsen avslutas genom förslag på fortsatt forskning inom området.

  • 546.
    Ahlfeldt, Sanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jamalde, Melissa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Man måste tycka om att jobba med skitungar: En kvalitativ studie om implementation av nya riktlinjer på HVB2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har sedan länge funnits en problematik kring att säkerställa barn och ungas välmående och rättssäkerhet i den sociala barnavården. År 2005 gjordes en dokumentär som fick namnet Stulen barndom. Dokumentären belyste hur vanvården i svenska barnhem sett ut historiskt samt hur det fortfarande kan se ut i dagens samhälle. Denna dokumentär kombinerat med olika utredningar och rapporter resulterade i att Socialstyrelsen år 2012 tillsatte nya riktlinjer för den sociala barnavården, med förhoppning att uppnå högre säkerhet för barn och ungdomar som är placerade i HVB (hem för vård eller boende).

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka i vilken omfattning de nya riktlinjerna implementerats i tre HVB-verksamheter inom Västerbottens län. Studien belyser hur föreståndare och personal upplever att det är att arbeta i en verksamhet efter de nya riktlinjernas tillkomst. Detta kommer att undersökas utifrån implementeringsteori och driftperspektiv.

    Studien är uppbyggd av kvalitativ metod och är genomförd med hjälp av intervjuer där tre olika HVB undersöks. Vår sammanfattande slutsats är att det är avsevärt lite som förändrats i verksamheterna som resultat av riktlinjernas tillkomst. En slutsats är också att implementationen av riktlinjerna har gått tillväga på skilda sätt i varje verksamhet.

  • 547.
    Ahlfont, Gustav
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Basic training programme for Police Officers.
    Janesjö, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Basic training programme for Police Officers.
    Thuresson, Benny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Basic training programme for Police Officers.
    Elektronisk intensivövervakning med fotboja2004Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vårt arbete var att undersöka om elektronisk fotboja är ett bra alternativ till fängelse. Förändras vardagen mycket för de som bär den. Är fotbojan avskräckande eller inte? Om det är så att den kan användas vid kontroll av att besöksförbud efterlevs, och hur i så fall. Håller lagstiftningen i Sverige som den är idag eller måste den ev. förändras? Vi har hållit två intervjuer, läst en del litteratur och använt oss av Internet för att komma fram till vårt resultat En mycket kort sammanfattning av resultatet är att om man blivit dömd till högst tre mån fängelse och har ett jobb, telefon, bostad och anhöriga har gett sitt godkännande kan man få bära fotboja. Man ansöker själv att få bära den. Under hela tiden man bär fotbojan blir du kontrollerad. Ett schema skall följas noggrant, man får inte dricka någon alkohol. Den teknik vi studerat heter EMS 2000 och kommer från Israel. Den går ut på att man bär en sändare runt foten och har en mottagare i hemmet. Sverige har idag börjat försöka föra in tekniken för att kunna kontrollera att besöksförbud efterföljs. Tekniken finns och används i USA. Idén har utvärderats av flera olika instanser som har kommit fram till liknande resultat. Lagstiftningen är inte tillräcklig i dagsläget. Men viljan finns och samhället skriker efter bättre kontrollsätt av besöksförbuden. Alla instanser är överens om att utredningen bör fortsätta.

  • 548.
    Ahlfors, Anton
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Spelar risktoleransen någon roll?: En studie om svenska studenters investeringsbeslut2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 549.
    Ahlfors, Anton
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Är den svenska bostadsmarknaden effektiv?: En studie om bostadsmarknadens effektivitet i åtta svenska regioner2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 550. Ahlfors, Reetta
    et al.
    Lång, Saara
    Overmyer, Kirk
    Jaspers, Pinja
    Brosché, Mikael
    Tauriainen, Airi
    Kollist, Hannes
    Tuominen, Hannele
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).
    Belles-Boix, Enric
    Piippo, Mirva
    Inzé, Dirk
    Palva, E Tapio
    Kangasjärvi, Jaakko
    Arabidopsis RADICAL-INDUCED CELL DEATH1 belongs to the WWE protein-protein interaction domain protein family and modulates abscisic acid, ethylene, and methyl jasmonate responses.2004In: The Plant Cell, ISSN 1040-4651, Vol. 16, no 7, p. 1925-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiments with several Arabidopsis thaliana mutants have revealed a web of interactions between hormonal signaling. Here, we show that the Arabidopsis mutant radical-induced cell death1 (rcd1), although hypersensitive to apoplastic superoxide and ozone, is more resistant to chloroplastic superoxide formation, exhibits reduced sensitivity to abscisic acid, ethylene, and methyl jasmonate, and has altered expression of several hormonally regulated genes. Furthermore, rcd1 has higher stomatal conductance than the wild type. The rcd1-1 mutation was mapped to the gene At1g32230 where it disrupts an intron splice site resulting in a truncated protein. RCD1 belongs to the (ADP-ribosyl)transferase domain–containing subfamily of the WWE protein–protein interaction domain protein family. The results suggest that RCD1 could act as an integrative node in hormonal signaling and in the regulation of several stress-responsive genes.

891011121314 501 - 550 of 84925
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf