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  • 501.
    Thomsson, Heléne
    Thomsson och Partners.
    Vi som hade det så bra: - om förändringsarbetets inre utmaningar2019Other (Other academic)
  • 502.
    Torres, Virgilio Mariano Salazar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Center for Demography and Health Research, Nicaraguan National Autonomous University, León, Nicaragua.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Edin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    'Expanding your mind': the process of constructing gender-equitable masculinities in young Nicaraguan men participating in reproductive health or gender training programs2012In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Traditional forms of masculinity strongly influence men's and women's wellbeing.

    OBJECTIVE: This study has two aims: (i) to explore notions of various forms of masculinities in young Nicaraguan men participating in programs addressing sexual health, reproductive health, and/or gender equality and (ii) to find out how these young men perceive their involvement in actions aimed at reducing violence against women (VAW).

    DESIGN: A qualitative grounded theory study. Data were collected through six focus groups and two in-depth interviews with altogether 62 young men.

    RESULTS: Our analysis showed that the informants experienced a process of change, labeled 'Expanding your mind', in which we identified four interrelated subcategories: The apprentice, The responsible/respectful man, The proactive peer educator, and 'The feminist man'. The process showed how an increased awareness of gender inequities facilitated the emergence of values (respect and responsibility) and behavior (thoughtful action) that contributed to increase the informant's critical thinking and agency at individual, social, and political levels. The process was influenced by individual and external factors.

    CONCLUSIONS: Multiple progressive masculinities can emerge from programs challenging patriarchy in this Latin American setting. The masculinities identified in this study show a range of attitudes and behaviors; however, all lean toward more equitable gender relations. The results suggest that learning about sexual and reproductive health does not directly imply developing more gender-equitable attitudes and behaviors or a greater willingness to prevent VAW. It is paramount that interventions to challenge machismo in this setting continue and are expanded to reach more young men.

  • 503. Tseli, Elena
    et al.
    Stålnacke, Britt-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Danderyd Hospital.
    Boersma, Katja
    Enthoven, Paul
    Gerdle, Björn
    Äng, Björn Olov
    Grooten, Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas
    Prognostic Factors for Physical Functioning After Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation in Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis2019In: The Clinical Journal of Pain, ISSN 0749-8047, E-ISSN 1536-5409, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 148-173Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to identify and evaluate prognostic factors for long-term (≥6 mo) physical functioning in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain following multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR).

    METHODS: Electronic searches conducted in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane CENTRAL revealed 25 original research reports, published 1983-2016, (n=9436). Potential prognostic factors relating to initial pain and physical and psychological functioning were synthesized qualitatively and quantitatively in random effects meta-analyses. The level of evidence (LoE) was evaluated with GRADE.

    RESULTS: Pain related factors (intensity and chronicity) were not associated with function/disability at long-term follow up, OR=0.84, 95% CI: 0.65-1.07 and OR=0.97, 95% CI: 0.93-1.00 respectively (moderate LoE). A better function at follow up was predicted by Physical factors; higher levels of initial self-reported functioning, OR=1.07, 95% CI: 1.02-1.13 (low LoE), and Psychological factors; low initial levels of emotional distress, OR=0.77, 95% CI: 0.65-0.92, low levels of cognitive behavioural risk factors, OR 0.85, 95% CI: 0.77-0.93 and high levels of protective cognitive behavioural factors, OR=1.49; 95% CI: 1.17-1.90 (moderate LoE).

    DISCUSSION: While pain intensity and long-term chronicity did not predict physical functioning in chronic pain patients after MDR, poor pre-treatment physical and psychological functioning influenced the prognosis negatively. Thus, treatment should further target and optimize these modifiable factors and an increased focus on positive, psychological protective factors may perhaps provide an opening for yet untapped clinical gains.

  • 504.
    Vaezghasemi, Masoud
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Subramanian, S. V.
    Households, the omitted level in contextual analysis: disentangling the relative influence of households and districts on the variation of BMI about two decades in Indonesia2016In: International Journal for Equity in Health, ISSN 1475-9276, E-ISSN 1475-9276, Vol. 15, article id 102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most of the research investigating the effect of social context on individual health outcomes has interpreted context in terms of the residential environment. In these studies, individuals are nested within their neighbourhoods or communities, disregarding the intermediate household level that lies between individuals and their residential environment. Households are an important determinant of health yet they are rarely included at the contextual level in research examining association between body mass index (BMI) and the social determinants of health. In this study, our main aim was to provide a methodological demonstration of multilevel analysis, which disentangles the simultaneous effects of households and districts as well as their associated predictors on BMI over time.

    Methods: Using both two- and three-level multilevel analysis, we utilized data from all four cross-sections of the Indonesian Family life Survey (IFLS) 1993 to 2007-8.

    Results: We found that: (i) the variation in BMI attributable to districts decreased from 4.3 % in 1993 to 1.5 % in 1997-98, and remained constant until 2007-08, while there was an alarming increase in the variation of BMI attributable to households, from 10 % in 2000 to 15 % in 2007-08; (ii) ignoring the household level did not change the relative variance contribution of districts on BMI, but ignoring the district level resulted in overestimation of household effects, and (iii) households' characteristics (socioeconomic status, size, and place of residence) did not attenuate the variation of BMI at the household-level.

    Conclusions: Estimating the relative importance of multiple social settings allows us to better understand and unpack the variation in clustered or hieratical data in order to make valid and robust inferences. Our findings will help direct investment of limited public health resources to the appropriate context in order to reduce health risk (variation in BMI) and promote population health.

  • 505.
    Vaezghasemi, Masoud
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Razak, Fahad
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Subramanian, S.V.
    Inter-individual inequality in BMI: an analysis of Indonesian Family LifeSurveys (1993–2007)2016In: SSM - Population Health, ISSN 2352-8273, Vol. 2, p. 876-888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Widening inequalities in mean Body Mass Index (BMI) between social and economic groups are well documented. However, whether changes in mean BMI are followed by changes in dispersion (or variance) and whether these inequalities are also occurring within social groups or across individuals remain understudied. In addition, a substantial body of literature exists on the global increase in mean BMI and prevalence of overweight and obesity. However, whether this weight gain is shared proportionately across the whole spectrum of BMI distribution, also remains understudied. We examined changes in the distribution of BMI at the population level over time to understand how changes in the dispersion reflect between-group compared to within-group inequalities in weight gain. Moreover, we investigated the entire distribution of BMI to determine in which percentiles the most weight gain is occurring over time. Utilizing four waves (from 1993 to 2007) of Indonesian Family Life Surveys (IFLS), we estimated changes in the mean and the variance of BMI over time and across various socioeconomic groups based on education and households’ expenditure per capita in 53,648 men and women aged 20–50 years. An increase in mean and standard deviation was observed among men (by 4.3% and 25%, respectively) and women (by 7.3% and 20%, respectively) over time. Quantile-Quantile plots showed that higher percentiles had greater increases in BMI compared to the segment of the population at lower percentiles. While between socioeconomic group differences decreased over time, within-group differences increased and were more prominent among individuals with poor education and lower per capita expenditures. Population changes in BMI cannot be fully described by average trends or single parameters such as the mean BMI. Moreover, greater increases in within-group dispersion compared with between-group differences imply that growing inequalities are not merely driven by these socioeconomic factors at the population level.

  • 506.
    Vaezghasemi, Masoud
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Hakimi, Mohammad
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Kusnanto, Hari
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    The effect of gender and social capital on the dual burden of malnutrition: a multilevel study in indonesia2014In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 8, p. e103849-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The paradoxical phenomenon of the coexistence of overweight and underweight individuals in the same household, referred to as the "dual burden of malnutrition", is a growing nutrition dilemma in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

    AIMS: The objectives of this study were (i) to examine the extent of the dual burden of malnutrition across different provinces in Indonesia and (ii) to determine how gender, community social capital, place of residency and other socio-economic factors affect the prevalence of the dual burden of malnutrition.

    METHODS: The current study utilized data from the fourth wave of the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) conducted between November 2007 and April 2008. The dataset contains information from 12,048 households and 45,306 individuals of all ages. This study focused on households with individuals over two years old. To account for the multilevel nature of the data, a multilevel multiple logistic regression was conducted.

    RESULTS: Approximately one-fifth of all households in Indonesia exhibited the dual burden of malnutrition, which was more prevalent among male-headed households, households with a high Socio-economic status (SES), and households in urban areas. Minimal variation in the dual burden of malnutrition was explained by the community level differences (<4%). Living in households with a higher SES resulted in higher odds of the dual burden of malnutrition but not among female-headed households and communities with the highest social capital.

    CONCLUSION: To improve household health and reduce the inequality across different SES groups, this study emphasizes the inclusion of women's empowerment and community social capital into intervention programs addressing the dual burden of malnutrition.

  • 507.
    Vaezghasemi, Masoud
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Hakimi, Mohammad
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Concerned and conscious, but defenceless: the intersection of gender and generation in child malnutrition in Indonesia: A qualitative grounded theory studyArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 508.
    Valverius, Josefin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    VEM ÄR ANSVARIG FÖR KATASTROFEN VID RANA PLAZA?: Svenska och brittiska dagstidningars rapportering om katastrofen vid Rana Plaza, Bangladesh 20132015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats analyserar jag representationerna av Rana Plaza det rapporterades om i svenska och brittiska dagstidningar 2013. Jag fokuserar på representationerna som hanterar händelsen, händelsens konsekvenser och de iblandade aktörerna i rapporteringen om katastrofen Rana Plaza i Bangladesh. Detta genomförs genom en kartläggning av dagstidningarnas rapporteringar genom en kvantifierad tematisk analys. Resultatet tolkas sedan genom att analysera hur representationernas betydelser antingen stabiliseras eller ifrågasätts inom materialet. Detta görs genom en diskursteoretisk analys med utgångspunkt i frågorna: ”Hur representeras de inblandade inom områden som kön, klass, ras och specifika egenskaper genom rapportering?”, ”Vilken bild av platsen konstrueras genom särskiljandet av ”tredje världen”/”öst” och ”västvärlden”/”väst”?”, ”Hur rapporterar dagstidningarna om eventuella avtal och förändringar i förhållande till katastrofen Rana Plaza?” samt ”Hur synliggörs och fördelas ansvar mellan de inblandade? Hur tar ansvar sig uttryck i dagstidningarnas rapportering?” Resultatet visar att en kolonial diskurs samarbetar med rasistiska förbestämda regler för att bibehålla de inblandades positioner i förhållande till varandra. Detta gynnar en globaliserande ordning där västvärlden kan exploatera och utnyttja individer i Bangladeshs textilindustri genom att stabilisera koloniala identiteter (t.ex. arbetaren, leverantör, Bangladesh stat och företagen i västvärlden).

  • 509.
    Vasiliki, Daniil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gender equality in European research science and innovation: A critical frame analysis of Horizon 20202018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The promotion of gender equality in the field of research science is seen as a constantly growing priority and concern for the EU. Horizon 2020 is the latest and largest EU research and innovation Framework Programme, in which for the first time gender is regarded as a cross-cutting priority. The aim of this thesis is to analyze how gender equality is framed in the discourse of the European Commission in Horizon 2020, and specifically how gender equality is perceived and mainstreamed, what are the possible shortcomings and whether gender mainstreaming fulfils its transformative potential. By using the methodology of critical frame analysis, the problems associated with gender equality (diagnosis) and their respective solutions (prognosis), alongside with other sensitizing questions are identified and addressed. The findings indicate that gender equality is primarily represented as gender balance, while the documents fail to address and challenge the structural and systemic foundations of gender inequality and the unequal power relations between women and men. Moreover, the European Commission avoids to develop a comprehensive and deeper structural understanding of how gender is related to other inequalities and to adopt an intersectional approach. As concerns gender mainstreaming, there is little evidence of effective gender mainstreaming tools, which are mostly presented as a technical and administrative issue, rather than a transformative strategy. I conclude that the European Commission in the Work Programmes of Horizon 2020 discusses gender inequality issues, but not really address and tackle them, showing inconsistency between theorizing and practicing. Gender equality and gender mainstreaming are perceived rather as effective means to achieve other, mostly economic and market-oriented goals.

  • 510.
    Vikström, Lotta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Marklund, Emil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sandström, Glenn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Demographic outcomes during colonisation: Migration and mortality among indigenous and non-indigenous populations in nineteenth-century Sweden2016In: Journal of Migration History, ISSN 2351-9916, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 148-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to insufficient historical population data, there is limited knowledge about the demographic outcomes of colonisation. This study provides demographic evidence of the difficulties faced by the Sami – an indigenous population in Sweden – during nineteenth-century colonisation, as indicated by (1) high risks of migration and (2) low survival rates compared to non-Sami. The digitised parish registers of the Demographic Data Base (Umeå University) provide longitudinal, individual-level data on migration, mortality, and ethnic origin. Event history analysis reveals that the Sami were vulnerable, with a higher mortality rate than non-Sami, and that they were more prone to migrate from areas overcrowded due to an increased competition for land. However, regardless of ethnic origin, it was primarily the settlers who migrated, and who ran the lowest mortality risks. This result suggests a ‘healthy settler effect’, and diverse consequences of colonisation that did not always follow ethnic lines.

  • 511. Vives-Cases, Carmen
    et al.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Goicolea, Isabel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gender and health inequalities: intersections with other relevant axes of oppression2015In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 8, article id 30292Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 512.
    Waenerlund, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Stenmark, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Bergström, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Hägglöf, Bruno
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Petersen, Solveig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    School experiences may be important determinants of mental health problems in middle childhood: a Swedish longitudinal population-based study2016In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, no 4, p. 407-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AimLittle is known about the association between school experiences and mental health in young schoolchildren. This study explored the cross-sectional and prospective associations between children's school experiences and mental health in middle childhood. MethodsWe gathered comprehensive population-based data on the school experiences and mental health of 592 schoolchildren attending grades three and six in Sweden (ages approximately nine and 12 years). The KIDSCREEN questionnaire was used to measure school experiences in both age groups while the Child Behavior Checklist and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire measured mental health in grades three and six, respectively. ResultsChildren with problematic school experiences in grade three had an approximately two times higher odds for concurrent total, internalised, externalised, attention-hyperactivity and social problems. They also had a 1.5-2.5 higher odds for these mental health problems three years later. Likewise, there was an association between problematic school experiences in grade three and lower levels of prosocial behaviour three years later. These associations were shown in both boys and girls, but were particularly pronounced in girls. ConclusionThis study indicated that school experiences in young schoolchildren may be important determinants of concurrent and later mental health problems.

  • 513.
    Wahlström Edling, Cecilia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Strandberg, Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Supporting personal growth with music: music teachers' experiences of health and gender among young music studentsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 514.
    Wallgren, Jessica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Jämställdhet – vad är det?: En genusanalys av beviljade ansökningar i Länsstyrelsen Västerbottens integrationsprojekt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens teman är integration och jämställdhet där materialet består av ansökningar till integrationsprojekt § 37 a med särskilt jämställdhetsfokus, utlysta och beviljade av Länsstyrelsen Västerbotten under 2015. Syftet är att genom What´s the problem approach (WPR) analysera projektens ansökningar (Bacchi 2009). Teoretiska verktyg som använts är poststrukturalism, diskursanalys, etnicitet, kön och makt. Uppsatsens syfte är att att analysera hur jämställdhet och (icke)svenskhet formuleras samt vilka tänkbara effekter formuleringarna kan ge.De tre teman som var mest återkommande (som även är uppsatsens kapitel) är: 1) Den svenska jämställdheten 2) Den kvantitativa jämställdheten och 3) Jämställdhet – bara för kvinnor?Resultatet visar att de kvinnor och män som förväntas delta i projekten skapas i motsats till varandra och förstås som motpoler med olika behov som projekten ämnar att tillgodose. Det förutsätts även kulturella skillnader där kvinnorna förstås som offer för patriarkal kultur, medan männen i sin tur förstås som de som upprätthåller den. Deltagarna sätts i relation till det ”svenska” – det de förväntas integrereras in i. Deltagarna homogeniseras och förstås som ojämställda, något som den svenska jämställdhetsdiskursen ses som motpol till. Den svenska jämställdheten kan även förstås som kvantitativ, då jämställt deltagande förstås som centralt i ansökningarna.

  • 515.
    Wegener, Nina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Grow up!: Kollektive boformer:familie, hjem, og det at gøremellemalder ordentligt2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based  on  nine  qualitative  interviews  with  individuals  living  communally  in  three  Swedish  and  Danish cities, this study investigates how age and corresponding heteronormative ideas about home and family influence communal living. Utilizing queer and feminist theory in addition to studies on aging, I find that the participants reproduce age standards in order to legitimize their way of living whilst trying to distance themselves from the common notion that communal living is a lifestyle for young  people.  However  at  the  same  time  they  resist  age  norms,  for  example,  by  using  language  creatively,   hereby   blurring   the   boundaries   of   the   conventional   heteronormative   concept   of   adulthood. Furthermore  I  explore  how a  heteronormative  design  of housing, a  lack  of  communes that can serve as models for future living and the fact that communes often has connotations to the  hippie era in the 1970s, makes it   difficult for participants to see themselves live collectively in the future. Ultimately,  I  argue  that  the  commune  can  be  seen  as  a  nowtopia,  a  utopia  practised  in  the  present,   which   queers   time   and   age   concepts,   thus   holding   the   potential   of   changing heteronormative ideas about home, family and age.

  • 516.
    Wiklund, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    At the Interstices of Disciplines: Early Career Researchers and Research Collaborations Across Boundaries2013In: The Social Politics of Research Collaboration / [ed] Gabriele Griffin, Katarina Hamberg, Britta Lundgren, New York: Routledge, 2013, 1, p. 1-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 517.
    Wiklund, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    ”He wrecked me”: Young men’s violence as a severe form of doing gendered ill-health in Swedish teenage girls2008In: 10th International Interdisciplinary Congress of women, Mundos De Mujeres/ Women’s Worlds. Madrid, Spanien, July, 2008. / [ed] Bárbara de Braganza, 12 - 3º D - 28004 Madrid, SpainPh.: + 34 91 310 43 76 - Fax: + 34 91 319 57 46e-mail: mmww08@unicongress.com, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 518.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Working Hard to Create a Visible Self: Social Constructions of (In)Visibility in Relation to Girls' Stress2012In: Invisible Girl: "Ceci n'est pas une fille" / [ed] Gun-Marie Frånberg, Camilla Hällgren & Elza Dunkels, Umeå: Umeå University , 2012, p. 21-31Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we problematise the stress girls experience in the light of invisibility and visibility, including the gendered tensions around the social constructions of girls as (in)visible. Our analysis is based on a rereading of narrative interviews with Swedish girls experiencing stress-related problems. Issues of girl's health and illness are found to be undeveloped in the wider sociocultural context of both health research and cultural youth studies. Our analysis suggests that stress as an illness among girls seems invisible and diminished, and also that girls themselves feel invisible and not good enough. We emphasise that girls' efforts and the external demands on them need to be acknowledged and addressed instead of individualised. Furthermore, we relate the tension between visibility and invisibility, which seems central to the girl's distress, to limiting norms of femininity and gender orders. According to our analysis the girls' efforts to create a visible self seem to come at a price.

  • 519.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Malmgren-Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Young women facing multiple and intersecting stressors of modernity, gender orders and youth2010In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 71, no 9, p. 1567-1575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to explore stressors experienced by Swedish adolescent girls and young women, specifically understood in relation to social context and gender theory. Interviews were conducted with 40 young Swedish women, aged 16–25 years, who had sought help at a youth health centre for stress problems. Using qualitative content analysis we identified three clusters of stressors: “the stressors of modernity”, “the stressors of gendered orders”, and “the stressors of youth”. The results revealed that multiple and intersecting discourse-shaped stressors and demands connected to essential life spheres contribute not only to experiences of distress but also to feelings of constraint. Gendered individualism and healthism proved to be essential in understanding the young women’s experienced stress. Failing social support from adults, gendered demands and responsibility taking were also illuminated. This calls for a broad contextualized and gender-sensitive approach to young women’s stress and health problems.

  • 520.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Stress hos unga - samband med ångest, hälsobesvär och genus2013In: BestPractice - Psykiatri/Neurologi. Yrkesdialog mellan specialister, Vol. 4, no 14, p. 7-11Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 521.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Social medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Stålnacke, Britt-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Social medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Professionell Development. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Access to rehabilitation: patient perceptions of inequalities in access to specialty pain rehabilitation from a gender and intersectional perspective2016In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 9, article id 31542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Long-term musculoskeletal pain is common, particularly among women. Pain conditions are a concern in primary health care, and people with severe and complex pain are referred to specialty health care. There is gender bias in access, counselling, assessment, and treatment of long-term pain.

    Objective: This study explores patient accounts and perceptions about important (social) factors for accessing specialised pain rehabilitation from gender and intersectional equality perspectives. We aimed to identify potential biases and inequalities in accessing rehabilitation resources at a specialised rehabilitation clinic.

    Design: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults after an assessment or completion of a specialised rehabilitation programme in northern Sweden. Qualitative content analysis was used to explore patients’ perceptions of important factors for accessing rehabilitation.

    Results: One main theme was formulated as Access to rehab – not a given. Three categories of perceived inequality were demonstrated: power of gender, power of social status, and power of diagnosis. Participants perceived rehabilitation as a resource that is not equally available, but dependent on factors such as gender, socio-economic status, ability to work, ethnicity, or age, and more subtle aspects of social status and habitus (e.g. appearance, fitness, and weight). The character of diagnosis received (medical versus psychiatric or social) was also noted.

    Conclusions: It is crucial that professionals are aware of how potential inequalities related to gender, social status, and diagnosis, and their intersections, can be created, perceived, and have influence on the processes of assessment and treatment. Reduction of social determinants of health and biases remain important within global, national, and local contexts.

  • 522.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Malmgren-Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "He messed me up": Swedish adolescent girls' experiences of gender-related partner violence and its consequences over time2010In: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 207-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article illuminates two Swedish adolescent girls' experiences of living in a violent relationship as teenagers and how this has affected their lives and health over time. Interviews were conducted in a youth health center. A combination of qualitative content analysis and narrative analysis describes violation, stress, trauma, coping, and agency during the period of adolescence and transition into adulthood. Despite Swedish progressive public policies on men's violence against women, teenage girls are exposed to male partners' violation, a severe gendered stressor. There is a need for the development of health policy and gender-responsive interventions geared specifically toward adolescent girls.

  • 523.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Malmgren-Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Bergström, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Fjellman Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Subjective health complaints in older adolescents are related to perceived stress, anxiety and gender: a cross-sectional school study in Northern Sweden2012In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 12, no 993Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Adolescent subjective health has become a public health concern in Sweden and worldwide. The purpose of this study is to investigate perceived stress and subjective health complaints among older adolescents.

    Methods: Data were derived from a school-based survey with a sample consisting of 16–18 year olds (n=1027), boys and girls, in high school grades 1 and 2, from different educational programs in three public high schools within a university municipality in northern Sweden. Perceived stress, self-rated health, subjective health complaints, anxiety, and depression, were measured with a questionnaire including a set of instruments.

    Results: A large proportion of both girls and boys reported health complaints and perceived stress. There was a clear gender difference; girls reported two to three-fold higher proportions of subjective health complaints such as headache, tiredness and sleeping difficulties, musculoskeletal pain, as well as sadness and anxiety. Pressure and demands correlated strongly with psychosomatic symptoms (r=0.71) and anxiety (r=0.71).

    Conclusions: The results indicate that subjective health complaints are prevalent during adolescence, especially in girls, and furthermore that perceived stress and demands may be important explanatory factors. Future studies should pay attention to the balance between gender-related demands, perceived control and social support, particularly in the school environment, in order to prevent negative strain and stress-related ill-health. The gender gap in adolescent health needs to be further explored.

  • 524.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Strömbäck, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Challenging individualized discourses on girls’ stress2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 525.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Strömbäck, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Från genusblind till genusmedveten: Teoridriven interventionsutveckling i ungdomsvänlig miljö2015In: Fysioterapi, ISSN 1653-5804, no 03, p. 24-30Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ungas psykiska och psykosomatiska hälsa är ett högaktuellt område där fysioterapeuter kan bidra med kunskap om det komplexa samspelet mellan kropp och psyke – i den här artikeln tolkad i en samhällskontext genomsyrad av genus. Resultaten och erfarenheterna kommer från ett forskningsprojekt där vi utvecklat och utvärderat stresshanteringskurser för tjejer vid en ungdomshälsomottagning i Umeå, Ungdomshälsan. Ungdomshälsan är specifikt inrättad för unga med psykosociala och psykiska problem. Under tiden för forskningsprojektet upptäckte man på Ungdomshälsan nyttan av fysioterapeutisk kompetens. I denna artikel ger vi några exempel från den genusmedvetna teori- och metodutveckling som vi själva bedriver med fokus på ungas hälsa, kroppslighet och rörelsefrihet ur olika sociokulturella och genusteoretiska perspektiv. Inför framtiden ser vi en stor potential i genus- och kontextmedveten metod och teori inom olika grenar av fysioterapi.

  • 526.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Strömbäck, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    En ribba att nå: Unga kvinnors förkroppsligade stress i en neoliberal och könad kontext2013In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 2-3, p. 57-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande artikel är vårt syfte att synliggöra och problematisera tonårsflickors och unga kvinnors upplevda och förkroppsligade stress och psykiska ohälsa i förhållande till en könad samhällelig kontext – vilket vi menar har relevans för såväl folkhälsovetenskaplig forskning som för genusvetenskaplig flickforskning. Genom sammanförandet av historiska, sociokulturella, politiska och hälsorelaterade infallsvinklar från olika forskningsfält belyser vi komplexiteten och motstridigheterna i fenomenet/problemet ”unga tjejers stress” med utgångspunkt i vår empiriskt baserade forskning om unga kvinnor, kroppslighet och psykisk ohälsa. Några av våra frågeställningar lyder: Vad och hur berättar unga kvinnor själva om sin upplevda stress och livssituation, och vilka centrala teman kan vi skönja i deras berättelser? Hur kan unga kvinnors stress och psykiska ohälsa kontextualiseras, förstås och begripliggöras utifrån historiska, politiska, sociokulturella och genusrelaterade perspektiv? Hur förkroppsligas den sociala kontexten i unga kvinnors berättade upplevelser och uttryck av stress?

  • 527.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Malmgren-Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Living close to the edge: embodied dimensions of distress during emerging adulthood2014In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although self-reported stress-related problems are common among Swedish adolescent girls and young women, few qualitative studies have been made of young people’s own understandings and descriptions of their situation. The aim of our present study, therefore, is to explore and analyze the lived experiences of stress among adolescent girls and young women who had sought help at a youth health center. Interviews were conducted with 40 girls and young women, aged 16-25 years. The interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. “Living close to the edge” is interpreted as the common theme running through all of the interviews and represents the participants’ sometimes unbearable situations. The theme contains dimensions of physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and existential distress, as well as dimensions of distrust and disempowerment. Findings highlight the importance of addressing these dimensions in youth health interventions. The importance of contextualizing young women’s distress is furthermore emphasized.

  • 528.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Stories of lifestyle mobility: representing self and place in the search for the 'good life'2015In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 351-370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, mobility researchers have paid increasing attention to the flows of relatively privileged individuals whose mobility practices are largely understood to be lifestyle-motivated, consumption-led and tourism-induced (e.g. Benson, M., & O'Reilly, K. (Eds.). (2009). Lifestyle migration: Expectations, aspirations and experiences. Surrey: Ashgate; King, R., Warnes, A. M., & Williams, A. M. (2000). Sunset lives: British retirement migration to the Mediterranean. Oxford: Berg). Situated within the context of lifestyle mobilities, this paper aims to analyse the significance of place and representations of place in the movers' stories of mobility. The mobility experiences of Swedish retirees practicing routinised and seasonal mobility between Sweden and Malta have been analysed, and this paper explores how they actively give meaning to their choices and decisions. In their narratives, the movers express their representations of themselves in relation not only to their imaginings of places and to their belongings to and engagements with these places, but also to their mobility practices. The findings contribute to a discussion of how place imaginaries and self-identities are constructed through lifestyle mobility practices.

  • 529.
    Öberg, Lova
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    OMFÖRHANDLING AV MALLARNAS BETYDELSE: En analys av subjektspositionen tjej2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte är att undersöka de positioner som möjliggörs och utesluts för subjektspositionen tjej, genom beskrivningar av kön, kropp, genus och sexualitet. Med hjälp av diskursanalys och med en utgångspunkt i queerteori har jag analyserat mitt empiriska material, som består av semi-strukturerade intervjuer med fem tjejer som går på gymnasiet. Positionen tjej upplevs, beskrivs och omförhandlas på varierande sätt hos respondenterna. Jag har delat upp material i fyra teman; sexualitet, sammanhang och utrymme. I dessa kan man förstå omförhandlingar som sker utifrån makthierarkier såsom den heterosexuella matrisen, värdehierarkier inom heterosexualiteten och normalitet. Utifrån dessa makthierarkier kan man se hur respondenterna formar och ger innebörd till sina subjektspositioner, där de beskriver olika upplevelser av positions betydelse.

  • 530.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Policing or disciplining emotions in research collaborations2013In: The emotional politics of research collaboration / [ed] Gabriele Griffin, Annelie Bränström-Öhman, Hildur Kalman, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 53-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 531.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    When mobility becomes too high: on gender, power and work in elderly care2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 165-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 532.
    Öhman, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Emmelin, Maria
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Social Medicine and Global Health, Lund University, Sweden.
    Development policies, intimate partner violence, Swedish gender equality and global health2014In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, p. 115-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses current Swedish international development policies on gender and violence. It deals with the relationship between development policies, global health, promotion of gender equality, and violence against women in a global perspective. The focus is on intimate partner violence and the highly promoted gender mainstreaming policy. Theoretically, our point of departure lies within a feminist notion of gender relations, power structures, and male hierarchies that constrain and subordinate women and girls and which expose them to gendered violence. We claim that stronger links need to be created between local activist groups in low and middle income countries and the international development agencies. It is important to initiate and formalize a North South dialogue between such groups, as well as enhancing South South dialogue and cooperation.

  • 533.
    Öhman, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Gender and health: aspects of importance for understanding health and illness in the world2015In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 8, article id 26908Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 534.
    Öhman, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Enberg, Birgit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Team social cohesion, professionalism, and patient-centeredness: gendered care work, with special reference to elderly care – a mixed methods study2017In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 17, article id 381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Healthcare organisations are facing large demands in recruiting employees with adequate competency to care for the increasing numbers of elderly. High degrees of turnover and dissatisfaction with working conditions are common. The gendered notion of care work as 'women's work', in combination with low salaries and status, may contribute to negative work experiences. There is abundant information about the negative aspects of elderly care health services, but little is known about positive aspects of this work. The study aim was to investigate work satisfaction from a gender perspective among Swedish registered nurses, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists, focusing specifically on healthcare services for the elderly.

    Methods: A mixed methods approach was adopted in which we combined statistics and open-ended responses from a national survey with qualitative research interviews with healthcare professionals in elderly care organisations. The survey was administered to a random sample of 1578 registered nurses, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists. Qualitative interviews with 17 professionals were conducted in six elderly care facilities. Qualitative and quantitative content analyses, chi2 and constructivist grounded theory were used to analyse the data.

    Results: There was a statistically significant difference in overall work satisfaction between those who worked in elderly care and those who did not (64 and 74,4% respectively, p < 0.001). Nine themes were derived from open-ended responses in the questionnaire. The qualitative interviews revealed four prominent storylines: 'Team social cohesion', 'Career development and autonomy', 'Client-centeredness', and 'Invisible and ignored power structures'.

    Conclusions: The results show the complexity of elderly care work and describe several aspects that are important for work satisfaction among health professionals. The results reveal that work satisfaction is dependent on social interrelations and cohesion in the work team, in possibilities to use humour and to have fun together, and in the ability to work as professionals to provide client-centered elderly care. Power relations such as gendered hierarchies were less visible or even ignored aspects of work satisfaction. The storylines are clearly linked to the two central discourses of professionalism and gender equality.

  • 535.
    Öresland, Stina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Määttä, Sylvia
    Norberg, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Jörgensen, Marianne Winther
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lützén, Kim
    Nurses as guests or professionals in home health care2008In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 371-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore and interpret the diverse subject of positions, or roles, that nurses construct when caring for patients in their own home. Ten interviews were analysed and interpreted using discourse analysis. The findings show that these nurses working in home care constructed two positions: ;guest' and ;professional'. They had to make a choice between these positions because it was impossible to be both at the same time. An ethics of care and an ethics of justice were present in these positions, both of which create diverse ethical appeals, that is, implicit demands to perform according to a guest or to a professional norm.

  • 536.
    Örestig, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Bäckström, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Persson, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå School of Architecture.
    EU-migrantdebatten som ideologi2015In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, no 52-53, p. 240-252Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
891011 501 - 536 of 536
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