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  • 51.
    Eklöf, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Korhonen, Johan
    Åbo Akademi, Vaasa.
    Nyroos, Mikaela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Mathematics Education Research Centre (UMERC).
    Jonsson, Bert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Factors of importance for mathematics performance in grade 3: working memory capacity, teat anxiety and self-regulation2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 52. Elowsson, A
    et al.
    Friberg, A
    Madison, G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Paulin, J
    Modellingthe speed of music using features from harmonic/percussive separated audio2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    The importance of threat, strategy, and resource appraisals for long-term proactive risk management among forest owners in Sweden2017In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 20, no 7, p. 868-886Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In natural hazards management, it is important to understand what motivates people to act when they or their property are threatened by natural hazards. Despite the importance of both threat and coping appraisals for responses to threats, less is known about the relations between threat and coping appraisals when risk management is long term. The present study examined appraisals of threat (cognitive and emotional), personal resources (cost and self-efficacy), and strategies (response-efficacy) as predictors of proactive management responses (past behavior and future intention) among forest owners in Sweden by means of a questionnaire (n = 1482). A path analysis revealed that threat appraisals and response-efficacy were direct predictors of past risk management behavior and the intention to respond in the future. Appraisals of resources, including cost and self-efficacy, were indirectly – via forest susceptibility and threat appraisals – related to threat responses. Although the model displayed reasonable fit for both owners more and those less involved in forestry, the cognitive appraisals variable was not a significant predictor of responses among owners less involved in forestry. In the full sample, the examined model explained approximately 50% of the variance in threat appraisals, and 28 and 17% in future intention and past behavior, respectively. Theoretical implications for how threat and coping appraisals are related during long-term risk management, and practical implications for forest risk management, are discussed.

  • 54.
    Eriksson Sörman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hansson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rönnlund, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Blood Pressure Levels and Longitudinal Changes in Relation to Social Network Factors2016In: Psychological Topics, ISSN 1332-0742, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 59-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between social network variables and levels of and longitudinal changes in blood pressure in a middle-aged/older sample. The participants (50-75 years at baseline; n=1097) responded to questions concerning social relationships at baseline and their blood pressure (diastolic, systolic) was measured. Blood pressure levels were reassessed 5, 10, and 15 years later. Latent growth models with responses to questions concerning social relationships as predictors and basic demographic factors (age, sex) as covariates, unexpectedly indicated that a more limited social network (no close friend, few visits, little contact with friends in other ways, not living with someone, and a composite index based on all questions) was associated with significantly lower diastolic blood pressure levels. For systolic blood pressure a similar result was observed for one of the variables (lack of a close friend). In general, these effects diminished over time, as indexed by the positive relationship between several of the social variables and slope. The results were little affected by inclusion of additional covariates (e.g. measures of psychological distress, smoking/alcohol habits, and BMI) suggesting that the origins of this unexpected pattern of findings must probably be sought for in other subjectrelated factors, such as, for example, increased help seeking. Future studies should consider qualitative aspects (e.g. feelings of loneliness, quality of social relationships) in addition to structural aspects to provide a better understanding of these associations.

  • 55.
    Eriksson, Terese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Germundsjö, Linnea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rönnlund, Michael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Mindful self-compassion training reduces stress and burnout symptoms among practicing psychologists: a randomized controlled trial of a brief web-based intervention2018In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, article id 2340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aims of this study were (a) to examine the effects of a 6 weeks web-based mindful self-compassion program on stress and burnout symptoms in a group of practicing psychologists, and (b) to examine relationships between changes in self-compassion and self-coldness and changes in stress and burnout symptoms.

    Method: In a randomized controlled trial, 101 practicing psychologists were assigned to a training group (n = 51) or a wait-list control group (n = 49). The training encompassed 15min exercises per day, 6 days a week, for 6 weeks. The participants completed the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), the Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ) pre and post intervention.

    Results: Eighty-one participants (n = 40 in the training group, n = 41 in the control group) took part in the pre and post intervention assessments. Selective gains for the intervention group were observed for SCS total scores (d = 0.86; d = 0.94 for the SCS), FFMQ scores (d = 0.60), while levels of self-coldness was reduced (d = 0.73). Critically, levels of perceived stress (d = 0.59) and burnout symptoms (d = 0.44 for SMBQ total) were additionally lowered post intervention. Finally, the results confirmed the hypothesis that the measures of distress would be more strongly related to self-coldness than self-compassion, a pattern seen in cross-sectional analyses and, for burnout, also in the longitudinal analyses.

    Conclusions: This training program appeared effective to increase self-compassion/reduce self-coldness, and to alleviate stress and symptoms of burnout and provide support of the distinction between self-compassion and self-coldness. Additional studies, preferably three-armed RCTs with long-term follow-up, are warranted to further evaluate the effectiveness of the program.

  • 56.
    Fahlen, Göran
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational Medicine.
    Peter, Richard
    Knutsson, Anders
    The effort-reward imbalance model of psychosocial stress at the workplace: a comparison of ERI exposure assessment using two estimation methods2004In: Work & Stress, ISSN 0267-8373, E-ISSN 1464-5335, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 81-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is not unusual for old data to be used in epidemiological studies. Recently developed instruments for measuring work-related stress did not exist when the data collection was carried out. Therefore, approximate questions are sometimes used. An apparent problem is the lack of validation of proxy questions. The aim of this study was to compare the original questions for measuring Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) with approximate questions. The study population corresponded with a subgroup in the WOLF-n (WOrk, Lipids, Fibrinogen-north) cohort study of cardiovascular risk in a working population in the north of Sweden: 655 men and 178 women. The agreement in exposure between the original and the approximate ERI single questions was relatively low throughout, whereas the correlation between the ERI subscales and the ERI ratios was reasonable. The latter agreement between the original and the approximate ERI ratio indicates that the approximate measures might have been useful in the past. Yet, whenever possible the implementation of the original questionnaire in study protocols is recommended since a complete measurement of ERI might help to further improve the internal consistency and the predictive validity of this exposure to effort-reward imbalance.

  • 57.
    Faria, Luísa
    et al.
    Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Porto/Portugal.
    Lima Santos, Nelson
    Fernando Pessoa University, Porto/Portugal.
    Takšic, Vladimir
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Rijeka/Croatia.
    Räty, Hannu
    Department of Psychology, University of Joensuu/Finland.
    Molander, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Holmström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jansson, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Avsec, Andreja
    Department of Psychology, University of Ljubljana/Slovenia.
    Extremera, Natalio
    Department of Psychology, University of Málaga/Spain.
    Fernández-Berrocal, Pablo
    Department of Psychology, University of Málaga/Spain.
    Toyota, Hiroshi
    Nara University of Education, Takabatake-cho, Nara/Japan.
    Cross-cultural validation of the Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire (ESCQ)2006In: Psicologia, ISSN 0874-2049, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 95-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the cross-cultural validation of the Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire (ESCQ), which consists of 45 items divided into three subscales – (i) perceiving and understanding emotion (PU), (ii) expressing and labelling emotion (EL), and (iii) managing and regulating emotion (MR) – and is classified as a “trait emotional intelligence” or “perceived emotional intelligence” measure.

    Originally, it was developed in Croatian settings using a theoretical framework from the emotional intelligence model (Mayer & Salovey, 1997), but it has already been translated into English and presented in 2001 at the 7th European Congress of Psychology in London.

    The psychometric qualities and the relations of ESCQ with several relevant constructs in Croatian, Portuguese, Finnish, Swedish, Slovene, Spanish, and Japanese contexts are here presented, using target samples of mainly high school and university students, as well as older subjects (workers and supervisors), highlighting construct, convergent, divergent and concurrent validity. However, the Cronbach alpha of the MRscale needs improvement, stressing the need to further pursue the validity studies of the ESCQ.

  • 58. Fast, Elizabeth
    et al.
    Holm, Linus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    McLoon, Linda
    Engel, Stephen
    Vergence is limited by adaptation2016In: Perception, ISSN 0301-0066, E-ISSN 1468-4233, Vol. 45, p. 99-100Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Defense mechanism test och ungdomar1998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Influence of gender and age in the Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) among adolescents and adults1998Report (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Fransson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundbom, Elisabet
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) and Kernberg's theory of personality organization related to adolescents in psychiatric care1994Report (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Fransson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundbom, Elisabet
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gender differences and the Defense Mechanism Test: A comparative study of adolescents in psychiatric care and healthy controls1998In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 93-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to study gender differences in the percept-genetic method Defense Mechanism Test (DMT) among a group of 60 adolescent subjects. Three subgroups were used: patients with psychotic disorders (Axis 1); borderline personality disorder (Axis 2) according to the DSM-IV classification system, and a non-patient group. The test protocols were scored with respect to 124 DMT variables and analyzed by means of the multivariate projection method Partial Least Squares (PLS) in latent structures. The overall results showed considerable gender differences in the whole group as well as in the subgroups. The most striking finding was that girls compared to boys were characterized by the perceptual defense identification with the opposite sex, which means that they perceived male gestalts instead of females in the stimulus picture. When both gender and diagnostic group membership were considered simultaneously, the influence of diagnostic group membership seemed to be stronger than gender even if there was an interaction between diagnoses and gender. It was concluded that gender must be considered when the DMT is used on adolescent populations.

  • 63.
    Frelijj González, Camila
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hakola, Robin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nyblivna psykologers psykosociala arbetsmiljö: De tre första åren efter examen2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Långvariga sjukskrivningar på grund av maladaptiva stressreaktioner, är i Sverige påtagligt vanligare blandpsykologer än i den yrkesverksamma befolkningen i övrigt. Syftet med denna studie är att kartlägganyutexaminerade psykologers hälsa och psykosociala arbetsmiljö utefter en enkät som skickats ut under 2016.Urvalet består av 602 respondenter, varav 454 är kvinnor, 141 är män och fem vill inte kategorisera sig, medelålder31.6 år (SD = 5.2). Denna tvärsnittsstudie presenterar deskriptiv information, korrelationer, regressioner, envägsANOVA samt kvalitativ data. Resultaten visar att 44% av respondenterna tagit sig till arbetet trots att de bordesjukskrivit sig. Utbildningsdimensionerna psykologiskt arbete och professionell utveckling påverkarrespondenternas skattade egenförmåga. Diskrepansen mellan skalorna nuvarande arbete och idealt arbete visar sigi gruppen vara mindre i grupperna: män, respondenter över 40 år och för de som huvudsakligen arbetar medkonsultation. Av intresse är att närmare en femtedel av nyutexaminerade psykologer har dagliga tankar att lämnayrket. Detta diskuteras utefter empiri från andra yrkesgrupper och utefter både kvantitativ och kvalitativ data sominkommit i enkätundersökningen.

  • 64.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Richter, Jörg
    University of Hull, Hull, UK.
    Personality and mental health changes throughout the course of university police training in Sweden2018In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, ISSN 1104-2176, E-ISSN 2242-458XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Police trainees have to be prepared for future job demands and challenges. Personality plays an important role in stress management. The first assessment of a longitudinal investigation was conducted among 103 Swedish police trainees to study their personality changes and mental health responses in first two weeks after intake. Fifty-two of these trainees, who participated in the second assessment, were included in the analysis. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used to measure personality, and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) was used to measure mental health. A multiple regression analysis was performed with personality scores from the first assessment as independent variables and SCL-90-R scores as dependent variables. Over two years, minor changes were found in the police trainees’ personality characteristics, which seemingly fit the demands of policing and are potentially valuable in the trainees’ future careers. Personality characteristics are predictors of mental health at the end of university training.

  • 65. Gustafsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Hill, Andrew
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Profiles of perfectionism, parental climate, and burnout among competitive junior athletes2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 26, no 10, p. 1256-1264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research suggests that groups of athletes can be identified that differ in terms of perfectionism and perceptions of achievement climate. Moreover, these groups also differ in terms of burnout symptoms. The purpose of the current study was to extend this research by examining whether discernable groups can be identified based on scores of perfectionism and perceptions of parent-initiated climate and, then, whether these groups differ in terms of burnout. Two-hundred and thirty-seven Swedish junior athletes (124 male and 113 female aged 16-19) from a variety of sports completed measures of athlete burnout, multidimensional perfectionism, and parent-initiated motivational climate. Latent profile analysis identified four groups: non-perfectionistic athletes in a task-oriented climate, moderately perfectionistic athletes in a task-oriented climate, highly perfectionistic athletes in a task-oriented climate, and highly perfectionistic athletes in a mixed climate. The latter two groups reported higher levels of burnout in comparison to other groups. The findings suggest that junior athletes high in perfectionism may be at comparatively greater risk to burnout and that this may especially be the case when they perceive their parents to emphasize concerns about failure and winning without trying one's best.

  • 66. Gustafsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Lundkvist, Erik
    University of St Andrews, UK.
    Podlog, Leslie
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Conceptual Confusion and Potential Advances in Athlete Burnout Research2016In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, ISSN 0031-5125, E-ISSN 1558-688X, Vol. 123, no 3, p. 784-791Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    More than 30 years of research on athlete burnout has yielded important insights and questions regarding the onset, nature, and consequences of this detrimental syndrome. Not surprisingly, burnout is considered an important matter, both from a research and practical standpoint. We comment on the work of Ryu, Ali, Kim, Choi, and Radlo, who examined the impact of burnout on cognitive performance among athletes.

  • 67. Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Arver, Stefan
    Dhejne, Cecilia
    Jokinen, Jussi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Oberg, Katarina Gorts
    A Randomized Controlled Study of Group-Administered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Hypersexual Disorder in Men2019In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 733-745Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hypersexual disorder (HD) is defined as a condition in which the individual loses control over engagement in sexual behaviors, leading to distress and negative effects on key life areas. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been proven to reduce symptoms of hypersexual behavior; however, no randomized controlled study of CBT interventions for HD has been reported previously.

    Aim: To investigate the efficacy of group-administered CBT for HD.

    Methods: Male participants (n = 137) diagnosed with HD, were randomized between 7 weeks of group-administered CBT (n = 70) and a waitlist control receiving the intervention after 8 weeks (n = 67). Measurements were administered at pre-, mid-, and posttreatment, with follow-up after 3 and 6 months.

    Outcomes: The primary outcome was the Hypersexual Disorder: Current Assessment Scale (HD:CAS), and secondary outcomes were the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS) and measures of depression (Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S), psychological distress (Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), and treatment satisfaction (CSQ-8).

    Results: A significantly greater decrease in HD symptoms and sexual compulsivity, as well as significantly greater improvements in psychiatric well-being, were found for the treatment condition compared with the waitlist. These effects remained stable at 3 and 6 months after treatment.

    Clinical Implications: CBT can ameliorate HD symptoms and psychiatric distress, suggesting that the CBT program may serve as a first-line treatment in clinical settings.

    Strengths & Limitations: This is the first randomized controlled study evaluating the efficacy of a CBT program in a rather large sample of HD-specific diagnosed men. The long-term treatment effects are vague due to the low response rate on follow-up measurements, and the efficacy of this program for hypersexual women remains unknown.

    Conclusion: This study supports the efficacy of a group-administered CBT program as a treatment option for HD; however, future studies should include women, comprise dismantling analysis of the constituting interventions, and evaluate other treatment formats, for example, administration via the Internet.

  • 68. Hansson, Anita
    et al.
    Hansson, Lina
    Danielsson, Ingela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Domellöf, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Short- and Long-Term Effects of Child Neuropsychological Assessment With a Collaborative and Therapeutic Approach: A Preliminary Study2016In: Applied neuropsychology. Child, ISSN 2162-2965, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 97-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This preliminary study explored if a collaborative and therapeutic approach (CTA) could reduce self-reported psychiatric symptoms (Beck Youth Inventories [BYI]) in children referred for neuropsychological assessment. Participants included 11 children (M-age=12.4 years) receiving CTA, 11 (M-age=12.6 years) receiving parent support, and 9 (M-age=12.3 years) remaining on a waiting list. Contrary to both comparison groups, the CTA group reported fewer psychiatric symptoms on most BYI subscales after intervention, and this decrease was sustained for the Anger and Anxiety subscales at 6-month follow-up. Findings support a potential effectiveness of CTA in the neuropsychological assessment of children in a child psychiatric setting.

  • 69.
    Hasselberg, Aurora
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ett webbaserat program i mindfulness och medkänsla: Effekter på stress och tidsperspektiv i en grupp unga vuxna2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to evaluate effects of a web-based mindfulness and compassion program (MMSU: mindfulness and compassion for emerging adults) on perceived stress and time perspectives. Of 93 emerging adults between 18-25 years, 84 were identified as stressed and randomly distributed to MMSU or waiting list (VL). In total, 35 participants (15 in the intevention group, 20 in the control group) completed the follow-up of Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale Revised (CAMS–R), Self–compassion Scale short form (SCS–SF), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS–14), and Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory short version (S–ZTPI). The intervention group conducted daily 15-minutes exercices in mindfulness and compassion that lasted for two weeks. The hypothesis was that MMSU compared to VL would increase mindfulness levels and self-compassion, as well as decreased levels of percevied stress, self-coldness and deviation from a balanced time perspective profile.  The result of the group (MMSU, VL) X time (pre, post) declared on interactions for self-compassion, self-coldness, percevied stress and present hedonistic. Strong effect size (Cohens´d) for increased self-compassion dppc2=1.00, and medium effect size for decreased self-coldness dppc2=–0.65, reduced perceived stress dppc2=–0.67 and medium effect size on improvement of present hedonistic dppc2=0.61 were found. The program in mindfulness and compassion increased participants self-compassion and reduced their levels of perceived stress significantly. Mindfulness levels and time perspective did not significantly improve. We propose additional studies that follow up the results to continue studying the program´s effectivness. 

  • 70.
    Hassmén, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundkvist, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Linelius Ljungman, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lyft fram ledarens ljusa sidor2013In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 4, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 71. Hasson, Henna
    et al.
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Nielsen, Karina
    Tafvelin, Susanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Inst, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Are We All in the Same Boat?: The Role of Perceptual Distance in Organizational Health Interventions2016In: Stress and Health, ISSN 1532-3005, E-ISSN 1532-2998, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 294-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigates how agreement between leaders' and their team's perceptions influence intervention outcomes in a leadership-training intervention aimed at improving organizational learning. Agreement, i.e. perceptual distance was calculated for the organizational learning dimensions at baseline. Changes in the dimensions from pre-intervention to post-intervention were evaluated using polynomial regression analysis with response surface analysis. The general pattern of the results indicated that the organizational learning improved when leaders and their teams agreed on the level of organizational learning prior to the intervention. The improvement was greatest when the leader's and the team's perceptions at baseline were aligned and high rather than aligned and low. The least beneficial scenario was when the leader's perceptions were higher than the team's perceptions. These results give insights into the importance of comparing leaders' and their team's perceptions in intervention research. Polynomial regression analyses with response surface methodology allow three-dimensional examination of relationship between two predictor variables and an outcome. This contributes with knowledge on how combination of predictor variables may affect outcome and allows studies of potential non-linearity relating to the outcome. Future studies could use these methods in process evaluation of interventions.

  • 72.
    Hauer, Esther
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Westerberg, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Intervening with care: varying outcomes of a training and development programme in elderly care in Sweden2017In: Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 1363-6820, E-ISSN 1747-5090, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 617-636Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Awareness of the mechanisms underlying training and development (T&D) programmes is crucial in creating sustainable learning conditions in organisations. The organisational and psychosocial aspects of the work environment in Swedish elderly care is the focus of this longitudinal study, and the relation between process and results of a T&D programme is investigated. A mixed-methods design enabled exploration of the content of the quality improvement efforts, followed by an examination of how aspects of the work environment are influenced. The perceived learning climate, workload and resource adequacy are shown to be influenced differently by different contents. Insights into the complexity surrounding T&D programmes are then offered. It is concluded that even if a seemingly sound method of quality improvement is implemented, this is not enough to guarantee success. Also, it is apparent that changes may sometimes be at the expense of employees' work environment, which may hamper continuous learning.

  • 73. Henningsson, Mikael
    Defensive characteristics in individuals with amalgam illness as measured by the percept-genetic method Defense Mechanism Test.1996In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, no 54, p. 176-181Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 74. Henningsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Sundbom, E
    Conversion disorder and multiple chemical sensitivity: A comparative study of psychological defense strategies.2000In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, ISSN 0031-5125, E-ISSN 1558-688X, no 91, p. 803-818Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 75. Henningsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Sundbom, E
    Interrater reliability among three judges on 130 defense mechanism test variables: A multivariate approach.2000In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, ISSN 0031-5125, E-ISSN 1558-688X, no 91, p. 959-969Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 76. Henningsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Sundbom, E
    Armelius, B-Å
    PLS model building: A multivariate approach to personality test data.2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, no 42, p. 399-409Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 77. Hildebrand Karlén, Malin
    et al.
    Lindqvist Bagge, Ann-Sophie
    Fahlke, Claudia
    Armelius, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Alcohol intoxicated witnesses' interpretation of social behavior in intimate partner violence2019In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 0888-4080, E-ISSN 1099-0720, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 468-479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alcohol intoxication affects social information processing, though research is scarce regarding how alcohol affected eyewitnesses' perception of social interaction within an applied forensic context. In the present study, the effects of alcohol intoxication on eyewitnesses' perception of interaction in intimate partner violence (IPV) were investigated. The participants (n = 152) were randomized to an experimental (alcohol) or control group (juice). After consumption, they viewed a filmed IPV scenario where both interacting parties were confrontational. Afterwards, they rated the involved parties' behavior. Several behaviors were perceived in a similar manner by intoxicated and sober participants, but intoxicated participants perceived both parties' attacking behaviors and some of the man's prosocial behaviors differently than sober participants. Hence, alcohol affected some, but not all, kinds of social behaviors investigated in the present study. This would be of interest to legal praxis and to future studies on intoxicated witnesses to interpersonal violence.

  • 78. Hirvikoski, T.
    et al.
    Lindstrom, T.
    Carlsson, J.
    Waaler, E.
    Jokinen, Jussi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry. Department of clinical neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bolte, S.
    Psychoeducational groups for adults with ADHD and their significant others (PEGASUS): A pragmatic multicenter and randomized controlled trial2017In: European psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338, E-ISSN 1778-3585, Vol. 44, p. 141-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine the feasibility, efficacy, and effectiveness of PEGASUS, a group-based structured psychoeducation for adults with ADHD and their significant others.

    Method: A pragmatic parallel group add-on design multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted, comparing an 8-session treatment with PEGASUS (allocated n = 97; 48 with ADHD and 49 with significant others) to treatment as usual (TAU, allocated n = 82; 39 with ADHD and 43 significant others). Participants (individuals with ADHD and significant others) were recruited from five psychiatric outpatient departments and block randomized to PEGASUS or TAU. Knowledge about ADHD was measured using the ADHD 20 scale pre- and post-intervention and served as primary outcome.

    Results: Knowledge about ADHD (d = 0.97 [95% CI: 0.61–1.31]) increased following PEGASUS participation compared to TAU. Improvements were also observed in secondary outcomes e.g. global life satisfaction (d = 0.25 [95% CI: from –0.09 to 0.59]). Overall treatment satisfaction was good. Over 90% of the participants completed the program. Post-intervention data was obtained from n = 89 in PEGASUS group and n = 70 in TAU group and analyses were conducted per protocol. No important adverse effects or side effects were observed.

    Conclusions: Group-based structured psychoeducation PEGASUS for adults with ADHD and their significant others is a feasible, efficacious, and effective treatment option to increase ADHD knowledge and general life satisfaction in psychiatric outpatient care.

  • 79.
    Hjelte, Jan
    et al.
    Department of Support and Development, Umeå Municipality, Umeå, Sweden.
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Westerberg, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Youth jobs: young peoples' experiences of changes in motivation regarding engagement in occupations in the Swedish public sector2018In: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, ISSN 0267-3843, E-ISSN 2164-4527, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 36-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the influence of a programme with the purpose of increasing young people’s motivation to engage in professions with labour shortages in the Swedish public sector. The data collection methods used were qualitative and quantitative. The study shows that employment quality (skills, learning opportunities and social interaction) is essential to young people in relation to labour market interventions targeted at professions with labour shortages in the public sector. There appears to be heterogeneity in how young people value different factors. In addition, the motivational profile of young people seems to be an evolving process, but also in what way participation in a programme with focus on professions with labour shortages may contribute to such changes. The results indicate that, when planning a programme aimed at young people, individual differences should be taken into account in order to motivate them to work in professions with labour shortages.

  • 80.
    Hoa Ly, Kien
    et al.
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University,Campus Valla, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden and Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, von Kraemers allé 1A-C, 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Dahl, Joanne
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, von Kraemers allé 1A-C, 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Carlbring, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University,Campus Valla, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden .
    Development and initial evaluation of a smartphone application based on acceptance and commitment therapy2012In: SpringerPlus, E-ISSN 2193-1801, Vol. 1, article id 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An intervention, consisting of an ACT-based smartphone-application and a web-based psychoeducation, has been developed. The smartphone-application, together with the psychoeducation, aims to function as a self-help intervention for living consistently with one's values. The study is an exploratory investigation of this new smartphone-based tool.

    Case description: Primarily, the study aims at investigating a new field, providing a basis for generating hypotheses for further research. The first aim of this initial, exploratory study was to examine if this intervention had an effect on the variables of: valued actions, psychological flexibility, and life satisfaction as well as the states of depression, anxiety and stress, for a non-clinical sample of 11 Swedish Iphone users. This was made with a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design without control group. The second aim was to investigate how the participants experienced the intervention, as measured by a qualitative questionnaire.

    Discussion and evaluation: The group analyses showed that the participants increased their valued action and psychological flexibility significantly during the intervention. Furthermore, value-based actions and psychological flexibility showed small effect sizes when comparing pretest and posttest score. However, the design of the study makes it impossible to draw any certain conclusions. The qualitative questionnaire showed a general positive experience of the intervention.

    Conclusions: The results from the present study indicated that the intervention should be studied further. The findings also generated a number of hypotheses that could be investigated in further research.

  • 81. Holm, L
    et al.
    Madison, G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Schrater, P
    Drift inrepetitive timing reveals the organization of time control.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 82. Holm, Linus
    et al.
    Karampela, O
    Madison, Guy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Executive control in motor timing2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Hong, Yeji
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    DESIGNING INTERACTIVE CARPET AND EVALUATING THE ARTIFACT WITHIN ACTIVITY THEORY2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When people are stressed, they are likely to walk faster. Research indicates that walking speed is an indicator of pace of life, with a faster walking speed in urban areas. Based on empirical data, I designed and developed a prototype of an interactive carpet for encouraging users on the carpet to slow down and thus to relax more. I evaluated the interactive carpet with user interviews, and two different experiments, where one of the experiments was conducted in an exhibition environment. My findings indicate users feel more relaxed in the interaction when they are informed about how to operate the prototype, as opposed to users who are not informed before they use the prototype and thus have a learning phase in which they have to figure out how the prototype works. Like earlier research, my finding assures that the usability problem should be prioritized over improving the system for user experience (UX). In addition, I discuss applicability of the Activity theory framework to my studies and propose an extension of the activity checklist, namely to take user intention into account for a more holistic analysis.

  • 84. Hägg-Hellborg, Else-Maj
    et al.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fördjupad föräldrakunskap: bedömning och fördjupad förståelse av föräldra-barn-relationens utveckling och mognad: om teorier, metoder och modeller2014Book (Other academic)
  • 85. Iemi, Luca
    et al.
    Ullén, Fredrik
    Madison, Guy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The relation between rhythmic accuracy and intelligence is not due to differences in top-down control -further evidence using manipulations of motivation during tapping.2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Centrum för Forskning om Välfärd, Hälsa och Idrott, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden; Department of Psychology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Andersen, Mark B.
    Centrum för Forskning om Välfärd, Hälsa och Idrott, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Johnson, Urban
    Center of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science and the Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Things We Still Haven't Learned (So Far)2015In: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP), ISSN 0895-2779, E-ISSN 1543-2904, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 449-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) is like an immortal horse that some researchers have been trying to beat to death for over 50 years but without any success. In this article we discuss the flaws in NHST, the historical background in relation to both Fisher's and Neyman and Pearson's statistical ideas, the common misunderstandings of what p < .05 actually means, and the 2010 APA publication manual's clear, but most often ignored, instructions to report effect sizes and to interpret what they all mean in the real world. In addition, we discuss how Bayesian statistics can be used to overcome some of the problems with NHST. We then analyze quantitative articles published over the past three years (2012-2014) in two top-rated sport and exercise psychology journals to determine whether we have learned what we should have learned decades ago about our use and meaningful interpretations of statistics.

  • 87.
    Ivarsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Högskolan Halmstad.
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fallby, Johan
    Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Högskolan Halmstad.
    Johnson, Urban
    Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Högskolan Halmstad.
    Borg, Elin
    Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Högskolan Halmstad.
    Johansson, Gunnar
    Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Högskolan Halmstad.
    The predictive ability of the talent development environment on youth elite football players' well-being: a person-centered approach2015In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 15-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the predictive ability of perceived talent development environment (TDE) on the well-being of youth elite football players.

    Design: A field-based longitudinal design was employed.

    Method: The participants were 195 Swedish youth elite football players between 13 and 16 years of age enrolled at Swedish football academies. The players responded to questionnaires regarding their perceptions of their TDE, perceived stress, and well-being in the beginning of the competitive season 2012 (T1). On two more occasions, six and 12 months later, the players completed the stress and well-being questionnaires.

    Results: A latent class analysis, based on the TDEQ sub-scale scores at T1, revealed three classes of players with different perceptions of their TDE (one high quality, one moderate quality, and one poor qualityclass). A second-order multivariate latent growth curve model (factor-of-curves model) showed that the class of players perceiving the lowest TDE quality, experienced higher initial level of stress and lower initial level of well-being at T1 compared to the other two classes. Moreover, there were no significant differences in slopes for neither stress nor well-being between classes (the initial difference between the three groups, in well-being, remained stable over time).

    Conclusion: The results indicate that players perceiving their TDE as supporting and focusing on long term development seem to be less stressed and experience higher well-being than other players. Hence, in addition to facilitate sport-specific development and performance among youth athletes, high quality TDEs may be important for youth elite athletes' general well-being.

  • 88. Jacobs, D
    et al.
    Mostert, K
    Pienaar, Jaco
    Experience of work-life interaction in the mining industry: A phenomenological study. 2008In: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 17-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Existentiella samtal lika viktiga som suicidpreventiva riskbedömningar2014In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 62-66Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Jakobsson, Torbjörn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Shape from shading, colour constancy, and deutan colour vision deficiencies1996Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Four studies including ten experiments adresses interrelations between some major and classical issues in visual perception: 3-D perception, colour constancy, colour perception and colour vision deficiencies. The main experimental paradigm to investigate the issues is within that of simulated shape from shading. 3-D impressions are induced by projecting space-modulated illuminations onto flat surfaces (displays), varying the colours and layout of the displays and the colour and modulation of the illumination.

    Study I includes four experiments investigating three types of space- modulated illumination. All experiments confirmed earlier findings that chromatic colour and complex display layout with reflectance edges crossed by illumination edges enhances shape from shading.

    In Study II the impressions of shape from shading and real 3-D objects were compared between persons with deutan colour vision deficiencies and normals. As predicted, the deutans show fewer and less distinct 3-D impressions in situations with their specific "problem colours" red and green. They also show a generally lower tendency for 3-D impressions, interpreted as a generally weaker colour constancy.

    Study III presents the AMBEGUJAS phenomenon; a novel twofold ambiguous shape from shading situation, continuously alternating between two different 3-D impressions coupled with different colour attributions. One solution is of an object with two clear surface colours, the other one of an object with greyish (desaturated) colours in coloured illumination which means classical colour constancy. The phenomenon illustrates the visual processes of separating reflectance and illumination characteristics and may provide a useful experimental setting to study colour constancy.

    In Study IV the AMBEGUJAS phenomenon is found to be robust as to chromaticness and different luminance contrasts for both normals and deutans. However, the deutans show slower shifts between percepts and a less pronounced desaturation of colour, which indicates a weaker colour constancy.

    The studies add evidence to the contribution of colour to 3-D shape perception, validated in a novel way by the results on "colour-blinds". The AMBEGUJAS phenomenon provides further support that the factors affecting shape from shading and the deutans different impressions are to be understood with reference to colour constancy. The deutans different impressions compared to normals are remarkable per se, but probably with very limited implications to everyday life.

  • 91.
    Johansson, Cornelia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Johansson, Alexandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tendens till sämre arbetsminne hos individer som inte vänjer sig vid lukt2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Odorants in the environment can serve as distractors that impair cognitive performance. The impact of odors constitute an important occupational health issue. Most people get used to smells in the environment – they habituate. But occasionally habituation does not occur. The aim was to investigate whether there is a correlation between difference in habituation to an odorant and working memory and inhibition. A group of 40 individuals between the ages of 19 to 64, were exposed to n-butanol for 45 minutes. Participants made repeated ratings of intensity of the odorant. Two groups were created based on non-habituation and habituation. Before and during the exposure, the participants performed 3-back, used to measure working memory, and Stroop, used to measure inhibition. The group who did not habituate showed a tendency to perform worse on 3-back, before and during exposure. Inability to habituate may be a behavioral expression of poorer working memory capacity, and possibly other vulnerability factors. These factors should be further investigated.  

  • 92.
    Jonsson, Bertil
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    Svensson, Mats Y
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Seat adjustment: capacity and repeatability among occupants in a modern car2008In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 232-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Families in the Western world have a car and several family members share the same car. In this study, 154 participants have adjusted a driver's seat three times. The primary objective was to study intrapersonal repeatability and intraclass correlation (ICC) on seat; length adjustment, backrest angle, seat front edge and seat rear edge adjustment, related to participant age, sex, stature and weight. Length adjustment has the best intrapersonal repeatability within two repetitions, 49 mm and ICC-value 0.87. Females and younger participants (age < 40 years) adjust seats generally more accurately. Females adjust the seat 41 mm more forward, 120 mm compared to men 79 mm counted from 0-starting position. Females sit with more upright seat backrests, 46 degree compared to 43 degrees for males counted from 0-starting position. Females sit higher than males in both the frontal and rear part of the seat cushion.

  • 93.
    Kaatari, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Om sanningsanspråk och förtingligande med utgångspunkt i terapifallet Thomas Quick2014In: Psykoterapi, ISSN 2001-5836, no 2, p. 26-34Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 94. Kaiser, Niclas
    Att utveckla grupper2014In: Psykologi på jobbet: Handbok för chefer och HR / [ed] Mattias Lundberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2014Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 95. Kaiser, Niclas
    Professionella samtal2014In: Psykologi på jobbet: Handbok för chefer och HR / [ed] Mattias Lundberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2014Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 96. Karampela, O
    et al.
    Madison, G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ullén, F
    Differentsources of timing variability and how they are related to intelligence.2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    BILINGUALISM AND INHIBITORY CONTROL: The relationship between hours of speaking a second language and inhibition2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the globalized world of today the ability to speak more than one language, known asbilingualism, has become more common now than ever. There is research indicating thatlanguage processing accounts for the well debated „bilingual advantage‟ in inhibitory control.The process of speech production is supposed to make retrieved words more accessible forfuture retrieval through a consolidation process. When there is an association between thewords there will be a competition in retrieval during speech production; a competition that issolved by inhibitory control. The hypothesis tested in this study was that more hours ofspeaking second language (L2) could be associated with better performance on threeinhibition tests; the Flanker task, the Stroop task and the Simon task, when controlling for ageand fluid intelligence. The study contained 241 participants between 50-75 years old. Theresults were not in line with the hypothesis, except for one result that was significant in theopposite direction of the hypothesis; indicating that hours of speaking L2 was associated withworse performance on the Stroop test Alternative considerations concerning the results arepresented in the discussion.

    Keywords: Bilingualism, Inhibition, memory retrieval.

  • 98.
    Krantz, Guy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Madison, G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Merker, B
    Melodic intervals as reflected in body movement2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 99.
    Kübler, Isabella
    et al.
    Independent Scholar.
    Richter, Kai-Florian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.
    Fabrikant, Sara Irina
    Department of Geography and Digital Society Initiative, University of Z€urich.
    Against All Odds: Multicriteria Decision Making with Hazard Prediction Maps Depicting Uncertainty2019In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, ISSN 0004-5608, E-ISSN 1467-8306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on a multicriteria decision-making study where participants were asked to purchase a house shown on maps that include hazard prediction information. We find that participants decided to buy different houses, depending on whether uncertainty is shown on the map display and on the type of uncertainty visualization (i.e., varying color value, focus, or texture). We also find that participants’ individual differences with respect to their assessed risk-taking behavior influences their spatial decision making with maps. Risk-takers seem to underestimate the dangers of natural hazards when prediction uncertainties are depicted. We are thus able to shed additional light on how people use visualized uncertainty information to make complex map-based decisions. We can demonstrate that not only are design characteristics relevant for map-based reasoning and decision-making outcomes but so are the decision makers’ individual background and the map-based decision-making context.

  • 100.
    Landstedt, Evelina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Fairweather-Schmidt, A. Kate
    Wade, Tracey
    Associations between adolescent risk for restrictive disordered eating and long-term outcomes related to somatic symptoms, body mass index, and poor well-being2018In: British Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-107X, E-ISSN 2044-8287, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 496-518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To date, no longitudinal, community-based studies have examined the association between disordered eating emerging in adolescence and long-term physical well-being. This study sought to explore the longitudinal associations between risk for restrictive disordered eating (DE-R; those not presenting with binge-purge symptoms) in adolescence and trajectories of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and body mass index (BMI), and several indicators of poor physical well-being across early- to mid-adulthood, including medication, number of doctor visits, and sick leave. Design: Data were obtained from the Northern Swedish Cohort Study (N=1,001), a prospective longitudinal study including four time points from age 16 to 42 years. Methods: A cumulative measure of DE-R risk was computed. Latent class growth analysis was used to identify subpopulation trajectories of FSS and BMI. The three-step method for auxiliary variables and logistic regressions were used to assess associations between DE-R and the trajectory classes as well as indicators of poorphysical well-being. ResultsThree trajectories were identified for FSS. A gender by BMI interaction led to a classification of four BMI trajectories in men, but three in women. The presence of DE-R risk in adolescence increased odds of unfavourable FSS development, increasing BMI in women, and continually low BMI in men. Indicators of poor physical well-being at ages 21, 30, and 42years were associated with DE-R risk in adolescence. Conclusions: Data spanning nearly three decades suggest that physical well-being impairment is related to DE-R risk measured earlier in life, underscoring the urgency for targeted, gender-sensitive preventive interventions for teenagers. What is already known on this subject? Disordered eating is linked to poor physical and mental well-being and quality of life. No longitudinal studies have examined long-term physical well-being consequences of adolescent disordered eating risk. What does this study add? Non-purging disordered eating symptoms in adolescence predict adverse physical well-being outcomes in middle-aged men and women. Targeted interventions and preventative work during adolescence are needed.

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