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  • 51.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Umeå, Sweden.
    The Swedish forestry model: more of everything?2017In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, p. 44-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "The Swedish forestry model" refers to the forest regime that evolved following the 1993 revision of the Swedish Forestry Act. It is key to Swedish forest politics and used to capture the essence of a sustainable way of managing forests. However, the ideas, institutions and practices comprising the model have not been comprehensively analyzed previously. Addressing this knowledge gap, we use frame analysis and a Pathways approach to investigate the underlying governance model, focusing on the way policy problems are addressed, goals, implementation procedures, outcomes and the resulting pathways to sustainability. We suggest that the institutionally embedded response to pressing sustainability challenges and increasing demands is expansion, inclusion and integration: more of everything. The more-of-everything pathway is influenced by ideas of ecological modernization and the optimistic view that existing resources can be increased. Our findings suggest that in effect it prioritizes the economic dimension of sustainability. While broadening out policy formulation it closes down the range of alternative outputs, a shortcoming that hampers its capacity to respond to current sustainability challenges. Consequently, there is a need for a broad public debate regarding not only the role of forests in future society, but also the operationalization of sustainable development.

  • 52.
    Bell, Andrew
    et al.
    University of Sheffield.
    Fairbrother, Malcolm
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Jones, Kelvyn
    University of Bristol.
    Fixed and random effects models: making an informed choice2019In: Quality and quantity, ISSN 0033-5177, E-ISSN 1573-7845, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 1051-1074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper assesses the options available to researchers analysing multilevel (including longitudinal) data, with the aim of supporting good methodological decision-making. Given the confusion in the literature about the key properties of fixed and random effects (FE and RE) models, we present these models’ capabilities and limitations. We also discuss the within-between RE model, sometimes misleadingly labelled a ‘hybrid’ model, showing that it is the most general of the three, with all the strengths of the other two. As such, and because it allows for important extensions—notably random slopes—we argue it should be used (as a starting point at least) in all multilevel analyses. We develop the argument through simulations, evaluating how these models cope with some likely mis-specifications. These simulations reveal that (1) failing to include random slopes can generate anti-conservative standard errors, and (2) assuming random intercepts are Normally distributed, when they are not, introduces only modest biases. These results strengthen the case for the use of, and need for, these models.

  • 53.
    Bender, German
    et al.
    Arena Idé.
    Ulander-Wänman, Carin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Sverige bör få ett system för kompetensförsörjning2019In: ArbetsvärldenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Bengs, Carita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Wiklund, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Kropp och hälsa2015In: Feministiskt tänkande och sociologi: teorier, begrepp och tillämpningar / [ed] Anna Hedenus, Sofia Björk, Oksana Shmulyar Gréen, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 151-167Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Bengtsson, Tommy
    et al.
    Centre for Economic Demography and Department of Economic History, Lund University.
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Famines and mortality crises in 18th to 19th century southern Sweden2011In: Genus: Journal of Population Sciences, ISSN 2035-5556, Vol. 67, no 2, p. 119-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Causality is an important but complicated issue, not only within social sciences in general but also within economic and historical demography. Here we are dealing with two different, but related, problems of causality. The first is to what extent the impact of food prices on mortality is biased when selecting on years with mortality crises. The second concerns the problem of mixing factors that directly and indirectly have an impact on mortality. Dealing with the first problem, we compare the effects of food prices on child and adult mortality when selecting on mortality crises with a standard approach without selection. When dealing with the second problem we use the additive hazards model, in combination with dynamic path analysis, which allows for investigating the mediating effect of intermediate covariates in a causal framework. We use individual level data from the Scanian Economic Demographic Database for five rural parishes for the period 1766 to 1865. Data on food prices refers to the local area of these parishes. The statistical analyses are performed in the R statistical computing environment, especially with the aid of the package eha. The main findings are that selecting on mortality crises created a large bias in the direction of overestimating the impact of food prices and that that the direct effects of food prices are dominating.

  • 56.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Ethnology. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Bakom papper och stål: Ett tekniskt universitet och en disciplinkultur med särskilt fokus på region, industriell anknytning, kön och etnicitet2002In: Akademisk kultur: Vetenskapliga miljöer i kulturanalytisk belysning / [ed] Britta Lundgren, Stockholm: Carlsson , 2002, 1, p. 75-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Du skall älska dig själv: om kultur och subjekt i samtida anti-janteböcker2017In: Du skall inte tro att du är något: om Jantelagens aktualitet / [ed] Anders Johansson och Maria Jönsson, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017, p. 59-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gender research units – a selection: An overview of central institutionalized environments within the field of gender studies around the World2008Report (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Med genusvetenskap i bagaget: Alumniundersökning 1998 – 20072009Report (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Postkoloniala studier2017In: Tillämpad kulturteori / [ed] Jenny Gunnarsson Payne, Magnus Öhlander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 273-292Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Stamhustru: Om eurocentriska myter, kön och ”personlig utveckling” i teveserien Ett annat sätt att leva2012In: Om ras och vithet i det samtida Sverige / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Helena Hörnfeldt, Fataneh Farahani & René León Rosales, Tumba: Mångkulturellt centrums förlag , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    The emotional engineer: Emotional control and troublesome rests in contemporary Swedish self-help books2012In: Relational Concepts in Medicine / [ed] Mario Deng, Federico Raia and Maria Vaccarella, Oxford: ID-press , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Troubling solidarity: anti-racist protest in a digitalized time2018In: Women's Studies Quarterly, ISSN 0732-1562, E-ISSN 1934-1520, Vol. 46, no 3-4, p. 120-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Racist hate crimes have increased in Sweden since 2006 when reports started, but they have also been followed by a variety of protests. This article analyzes the so-called #HijabUppropet (#HijabOutcry), a call initiated by Muslim feminist activists in response to a racist attack on a Muslim woman, which encouraged all "sisters" in Sweden to temporarily veil themselves in solidarity. The hijab outcry was widely heard and both celebrated and debated. Drawing on postcolonial feminist theory, this article shows how the initial protest against racism was partly reduced to a matter of being for or against the veil and the right to choose. Despite intentions to normalize the veil, the flow of comments and pictures on social media turned veils into examples of odd, exotic, and beautiful elements that enrich Swedish culture. The white secular subject was again reinstalled as the ideal and it seemed as though Muslim women could not pass as agents of Swedish feminist solidarity. Yet, at the same time, the debate in the aftermath of the hijab outcry had the effect of initiating an uneasy feeling of not belonging among white non-Muslim participators. This was a feeling that might affect future acts of solidarity—confronting a Swedish context of secular pride and whiteness—where Muslim women must struggle to be recognized as political subjects.

  • 64. Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Turister i andras känslor: Med slöjan som plattform2013In: Bang. Den feministiska kulturtidskriften, ISSN 1102-4593, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 65.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Ethnology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hernborg, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Ethnology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Mot nya gränser: Kulturanalytiska perspektiv på sjuksköterskeyrket2001Report (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lundahl, Mikela
    (Un-)veiling the west: Burkini-gate, Princess Hijab and dressing as struggle for postsecular integration2016In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 263-283Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ban of the burkini in the summer of 2016 in France is the latest stage in a long political history, where the French depreciation or fear of the veil, and of Islam, has come to play a more significant role since the end of the cold war. Unveiling female bodies at the beach in Nice expose conditioned values of the French republic. In this context, drawing black veils on public advertisements becomes a performative act commenting on consumerism, religion, secularity, and the imagined Muslim woman. In this article we discuss freedom and integration in "third spaces" via an analysis of "hijabisation" in street art and the official reactions against certain types of beachwear. In line with Talal Asad (2006) we want to raise the issue on how the secular state addresses the pain of people who are obliged to give up part of their religious identity to become acceptable. Race-thinking was once an explicit part of celebrated values like modernity, secularity, democracy and human rights. However, the fact that the idea of races has been erased from articulations of Western nations and international bodies does not mean that traces of race-thinking in the heritage from the enlightenment are gone. By following Princess Hijab and the "Burkini-gate" a nationalist fantasy intertwined with the idea of the secular state reveals itself and acts of un/dressing emerge as signs of integration revealing a challenged imperialist paradigm.

  • 67.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lundahl, Mikela
    Martinsson, Lena
    Sekulariteter: förstahet genom religion och kön2016In: Kvinder, Køn og Forskning, ISSN 0907-6182, E-ISSN 2245-6937, no 4, p. 7-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Secularities – firstness through religion and gender

    In this article we explore how the positing religion as other simultaneously makes secularism a firstness. How does actors use and embodies secularism and reproduce it as an objective and neutral space – a firstness. The secular subject is being represented as free and rational in contrast to an imagined religious, traditional, and often Muslim other. By studying Swedish contemporary debates about freedom of speech, veils, gender equality, and the in/tolerant society, we aim to unpack how secularism is done in a Swedish neoliberal contemporary context. Inspired by Talal Asad, we wish to contribute to the undermining of the tightly knit weave of secularism, reason and critique in Western discourse.

  • 68.
    Berge, Britt-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Schoolteachers cannot become 'Mädchen für alles' in our society": social justice and gender equality in the Swedish class teachers union post-19452013In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, 1, p. 147-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Berggren, Christoffer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Westling, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Det är utsidan som räknas: Etiketternas påverkan av konsumenters uppfattningar på en ölflaska2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag finns det över 250 bryggerier i Sverige och detta märks även på mångfalden av öl som finns att välja i hyllorna på Systembolaget. Men vad är det som styr vilken flaska vi faktiskt köper? Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur bryggerier arbetar och vad de vill förmedla när de designar sina etiketter, samt att undersöka hur konsumenterna uppfattar etiketterna. Det har genomförts semistrukturerade intervjuer med representanter på bryggerier samt en kvalitativ enkätundersökning med konsumenter. Datan från undersökningarna har sedan ställts mot varandra. Resultaten visar att bryggerierna jobbar på olika sätt för att förmedla olika aspekter. Alla har en tanke om vad de faktiskt vill att etiketten ska förmedla. Konsumenterna uppfattar bryggerierna på olika sätt med olika uppfattning av bryggeriernas identitet. Vid vissa tillfällen jobbar bryggerierna efter vad forskningen säger kan vara bra, dock är detta oavsiktligt. Resultaten påvisar däremot att konsumenternas tolkning av etiketterna kan skilja sig från vad bryggeriernas tanke varit.

  • 70.
    Berggren, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Materialbibliotek - vad är det?2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen vilar på två huvudfrågor: Vad är ett materialbibliotek, och varför uppstår de i så stor utsträckning idag? Frågorna besvaras genom samtal med ansvariga på materialbibliotek, främst kommersiella, i Europa och USA och redovisas i en historisk och kronologisk översikt över det senaste decenniet, en tematisk beskrivning av verksamheten samt en diskussion kring materialbiblioteket utifrån begreppen dokument och bibliotek där en allmän biblioteksmodell appliceras på materialbibliotekens verksamhet. Slutligen föreslås en definition av begreppet materialbibliotek.

    Undersökningen kommer fram till att materialbiblioteket är en informationstjänst som samlar och organiserar materialprover och materialkunskap, och som inte enbart fungerar som tillhandahållare av information utan även strävar efter att i mötet med sina användare skapa ny kunskap om de dokument det behandlar. Materialbiblioteken uppstår ur ett behov av en samordnande central för materialkunskap, och kan placeras inom det nya serviceparadigmet information management. Det finns även ett behov av att känna på material och att skapa en mötesplats för kreatörer och tillverkare inom designområdet. En avgörande bakgrund verkar vara den drastiskt ökande materialtillgången som innebär att verksamma inom området inte hinner skaffa sig den materialkunskap de skulle behöva, främst om nya material och nya materiallösningar. De största och mest inflytelserika materialbiblioteken finns i New York och Paris och heter Material ConneXion, Innovathéque och MatériO. De flesta materialbibliotek har något förhållande till ett eller flera av dessa tre, och deras databaser är föremål för potentiella framtida samarbetsprojekt.

  • 71.
    Berggren, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Talvia, Sanna
    Fossgard, Eldbjørg
    Björk Arnfjörð, Unnur
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður
    Gunnarsdóttir, Ingibjörg
    Wergedahl, Hege
    Lagström, Hanna
    Waling, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Nordic children's conceptualizations of healthy eating in relation to school lunch2017In: Health Education, ISSN 0965-4283, E-ISSN 1758-714X, Vol. 117, no 2, p. 130-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Pupils' perspective should be better taken into account when developing nutrition education at school. The purpose of this paper is to explore Nordic children's perspectives on the healthiness of meals in the context of school lunches.

    Design/methodology/approach: In total, 78 focus group discussions were conducted with 10-11-year-old girls and boys (n=457) from schools in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, which were participating in the Nordic school meal project ProMeal during the school year 2013-2014. A flexible discussion guide and stimulus material in the form of 14 photographs displaying different school lunch contexts were used. The discussions were analyzed using thematic analysis.

    Findings: These Nordic children seem to share the adult-set aim of healthy eating in the school context as a socio-cultural norm. Although healthy eating was constructed as a rational, normative and acceptable way to eat at school, unhealthy eating was emphasized as negotiably acceptable when eaten occasionally and under certain circumstances (e.g. at special occasions). Unhealthy eating also comprised emotionally laden descriptions such as enjoyment and disgust.

    Practical implications: Children's conceptualizations of healthy eating are connected to nutritional, socio-cultural, emotional and normative dimensions, which should be reflected also when developing nutrition education in school.

    Originality/value: The need for research exploring children's experiences of, and understandings about, school lunch motivated this unique multicenter study with a large number of participating children. In the focus groups a child-oriented, photo-elicitation method was used.

  • 72.
    Berglund, Stig-Arne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Relationsspel och förväntningeffekter: i undervisning och socialpedagogik2010In: Att vara socionom: från utbildad till erfaren / [ed] Gunbritt Sandström, lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, 1:1, p. 65-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Bergman, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Polariseringens geografi: Regionala effekter av finanskrisen 20082018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper documents macro-economic change in Swedish regional labor markets during the last great recession (2008). This is made by using Swedish macro-data and analyzing employment flows over the period 2003-2013. The findings point to the fact that there is great disparity in the geography both when it comes to how the regions resist crises and recoup in the aftermath (Resilience) and how the crisis effect the labor market and its momentum in the recovery phase (polarization). The findings indicate that the 2008 financial crisis affected the Swedish regional labor market in a polarized development. Regions that showed patterns of this behavior before the recession managed to go through the crisis and recoup well, whereas the regions that didn’t show a polarized pattern before 2008 had a much harder time recuperating after the crises. With these findings we can generate a more sophisticated knowledge how regional economies can resist and recoup after financial recessions and use this to reduce the impact of future recessions. 

  • 74.
    Bergmark, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bejerholm, Ulrika
    Lunds universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper..
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Policy Changes in Community Mental Health: Interventions and Strategies Used in Sweden over 20 Years2017In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 95-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The deinstitutionalization of mental health care has changed the responsibilities of involved authoritiesand has led to a continuous need for new treatment forms and interventions. This articledescribes this development in Europe, and in particular how these new conditions have been handledin Sweden over the past 20 years at the level of governmental policy-making. Three major policydocuments from 1994, 2009 and 2012 were included in this study. To increase our understandingof the policies’ contents, we have used theoretical concepts concerning governance,implementation and political risk management. Although our main interest was to find out howthe government handles interventions for users of the mental health care system, we found that thepolicy work is progressing stepwise. The first document, from the deinstitutionalization era, did notdiscuss interventions clearly. Instead, it was mainly concerned with both practical and economicalareas of responsibility. The second document, from the post-deinstitutionalization era, was morefocused on what services should be delivered to the users, while the most recently published documentto a greater extent addressed the question of how the support is supposed to be designed. The trendin European community mental health policy has been to advocate services in open forms that areintegrated into the society’s other care systems. This is also the case in Sweden, and continuous workis being done by the government to find strategies to support the development, and to meet the needs atboth political and local levels.

  • 75.
    Bergqvist, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Personer med annat modersmål än svenska och bibliotekets service: En attitydstudie på Ålidhemsbiblioteket i  Umeå2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet för utvärderingen är att, genom en enkätundersökning, försöka besvara hur nöjda besökare med annat modersmål än svenska är med Ålidhemsbibliotekets verksamhet. Utvärderingen utgår från två huvudsakliga frågeställningar: [1] Vilka är användarna i den aktuella målgruppen? [2] Hur upplever personer med annat modersmål än svenska biblioteket på Ålidhem? Informanterna i undersökningen talar elva olika språk och kommer från fjorton olika länder. Det vanligaste språket bland informanterna i undersökningen är arabiska. Det är en jämn köns- och åldersfördelning bland informanterna i undersökningen, men biblioteket har bara ett fåtal besökare i åldersgruppen mellan 20 till 30 år. Utbildningsnivån bland informanterna är hög med tio informanter med universitetsutbildning, två med gymnasieutbildning samt sex stycken med grundskoleutbildning. Majoriteten av informanterna är mycket nöjda med biblioteket när det gäller litteraturförsörjning och allmän service. Tidningsläsandet får sämre betyg i undersökningen, men undersökningen visar också att informanterna anser att tidningar har mindre betydelse än böcker. Utvärderingen bedömer att biblioteket tillgodoser målgruppens behov. Men det finns dock utrymme för vissa förbättringar, bland annat när det gäller informationen till målgruppen. Liksom den tidigare forskningen jag relaterar till är det även på Ålidhemsbiblioteketet väldigt hög kundnöjdhet bland målgruppen, det är intressant att även ett litet filialbibliotek kan ge bra grundläggande service när det gäller materialförsörjning på andra språk än svenska.

  • 76.
    Bergsand Persson, Carin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Öberg, Tobias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Rast utan stress och stressad utan rast?: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av rast2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Importance of breaks for health and recovery is a current issue for working conditions. Both employers and employees must relate to the law which regulates the basic capabilities of the break. Breaks is essential for the efficacy of recovery. The absence of recovery can lead to prolonged stress which can be unhealthy. In Sweden, nurses are a vulnerable group for stress. It may indicate high workload and stress if people are skipping breaks. Aim: The aim was to highlight nurses´ experience of their break at emergency care units. Method: Using a qualitative method, ten nurses at two acute care were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed into three main-categories with seven sub-categories. Results: The experience of breaks was characterized by circumstances before break, both nurses ' expectations on the break and the presence of a heavy workload. Environment for rest, length of breaks and place for rest characterizes the experience. Improved health and reduced stress were consequences of the break, while poor health and increased stress were consequences in the absence of a break. Conclusion: Breaks had importance to nurses because there was an expectation of getting relax, eat, get quiet and think of something else. Heavy workload affected nurses break habits. 

  • 77.
    Bergström, Susanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "Det är en kvinnogrej, alla klarar av det": En feministisk analys av kvinnors berättelser om traumatiska förlossningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min uppsats har varit att undersöka hur tre kvinnor genom sina berättelser om jobbiga förlossningar gjort sina upplevelser begripliga i relation till normer om kvinnlighet. Undersökningen består av tre semistrukturerade intervjuer vilka jag, med ett narrativt angreppssätt, analyserat genom att göra en innehållsanalys och en formanalys. Resultatet visar att det i kvinnornas berättelser framkommer tydliga normer kopplade till kvinnlighet. Normerna är flera, men handlar på det stora hela om att barnafödande är någonting naturligt som kvinnor ska klara av utan problem. Då kvinnornas berättelser handlar om upplevelser som avviker från denna norm måste de hela tiden positionera sig själva och sina upplevelser i relation till normen för att kunna förstå sin upplevelse och göra den legitim. Mina slutsatser är att normer kring en ”normal” förlossning är ett sätt att genom upprepning upprätthålla vad det betyder att vara kvinna i dagens Sverige. Kön är ingen fast kategori, utan konstrueras hela tiden; också genom förlossningar. Även fast det finns en normerande makt i strukturerna tar mina informanter också själva makten över sitt subjektsskapande när de genom sina berättelser konstruerar sina upplevelser.

  • 78.
    Bern, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Haugen, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Jansson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    ”Det är ju som vilken annan bil som helst”: röster om elbilar2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 79.
    Bern, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Jansson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nyman, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History. Dept. of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University.
    Mobilitet och tillgänglighet – framtidens resande.2016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 80.
    Bertilsdotter-Rosqvist, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hennes egen tid: Internet som en arena för sexuell frigörelse2012In: Tanten, vem är hon?: En (t)antologi / [ed] Marianne Liliequist & Karin Lövgren, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2012, p. 165-181Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Grön översiktsplan i Vilhelmina kommun: Ett exempel på deltagande landskapsplanering2017In: Landskapsforum 2017 – Landskapsperspektiv i fysisk planering: Helhetssyn för hållbara lösningar / [ed] Anders Esselin, KSLA , 2017, Vol. 156, p. 21-22Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lindqvist, Sara
    SLU.
    Kvastegård, Emma
    SLU.
    (How) Can adaptive moose management contribute to sustainable rural development?2013In: Welcome to the Anthropocene! The Nordic Environmental Social Science Conference, 11‐13 June 2013: Abstracts / [ed] Boon, T.E., Anker, H.T., Lund, D.H., Sehested, K., University of Copenhagen , 2013, p. 154-154Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of adaptive management (AM) is widely advocated as an alternative to traditional top-down management of natural resources around the world. In Sweden, however, AM has only recently been introduced to manage moose. Based on the analytical framework, developed by Pieter Glasbergen (2011), we study the AM of moose as a case of a partnership arrangement within the field of wildlife governance. We put particular attention on how adaptive moose management enables sustainable rural development, since hunting is considered to be an important source of recreation and livelihood in Swedish rural areas. We identify a number of challenges associated to the involved stakeholders’ abilities, willingness and understanding to implement the induced management system. We also emphasis the interactions between the different stakeholders on both vertical and horizontal levels, as well as the tradeoffs the new ecosystem based adaptive local management system generates for rural and urban areas.

  • 83.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sjögren, Jörgen
    Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    Sonesson, Johan
    Department of Forestry Management, Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogsforsk), Uppsala.
    Nordin, Annika
    Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    A struggling collaborative process: revisiting the woodland key habitat concept in Swedish forests2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term woodland key habitat (WKH) was launched in Sweden in 1990. Definitions for the concept have changed over the years, and today the WKH concept and its application are issues of debate in Sweden. Consequently, the Swedish Forestry Agency (SFA) initiated a collaborative process including forest stakeholders with the purpose to clarify the application and develop the inventory methodology of WKH. We have studied, by means of interviews and observations, participant perceptions of how endogenous and exogenous factors affect the collaborative process. During our research, we identified three game changers: the pause in WKH registration in northwestern Sweden that caused several participants to drop out of the process; budget allocations for new nationwide WKH inventories that put the process on hold; and formal instructions from the government that came nine months later and essentially re-initiated the collaborative process. Altogether, this not only affected the participants’ abilities, understanding and willingness to participate, but also the overall legitimacy of the process – indicating the difficulty of conducting policy development in collaborative form, especially when it is highly politicized since it impact on the participants’ anticipation of the process and its end results.

  • 84.
    Björk, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Män möter mödravård: om betydelsen av "vi" i mötet med mödrahälsovård, förlossningsvård och BB-vård2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary Sweden it is a matter of course that prospective fathers should be involved in pregnancy, childbirth and care of the newborn. Most fathers are present at the visits to the antenatal clinic, including the ultrasound examination; they participate in parental education classes; and they are present at the birth of their child. Yet many fathers express dissatisfaction with prenatal care, delivery care and postnatal care: they frequently feel excluded, invisible and irrelevant. This study is an attempt to better understand those experiences of exclusion, invisibility and irrelevancy.

    The study is based on interviews with ten Swedish fathers. Their narratives about their encounter with prenatal, delivery and postnatal care were analysed with a phenomenological--hermeneutic narrative approach. Special attention was paid to the way the major characters were positioned in the father's narratives.

    The results can be summarised in three points: (1) The strong focus in health care on the physical aspects of pregnancy and childbirth may make it difficult for prospective and new fathers to find a meaningful position in the encounter with prenatal, delivery and postnatal care. (2) The narratives of the interviewed fathers can be roughly divided into "we"-narratives where the father found an untroubled position and "I"-narratives where he didn't. I take this to mean that the fathers sought a "we"-position where pregnancy and childbirth could become a joint concern for the mother and the father. (3) The difficulty of finding an untroubled position in the encounter with prenatal, delivery and postnatal care is first and foremost a consequence of the fact that the prospective/new father is not pregnant, not of the fact that he is a man. It is whether the body is pregnant or not that matters, not the sex category to which the body belongs. The desired "we"-position can therefore be characterised as gender irrelevant.

    One conclusion is that for prenatal, delivery, and postnatal care to truly involve the expectant mother's partner in pregnancy, childbirth and care of the newborn, they need to seriously consider the question of how they can help the prospective mother's partner to find a position that better includes him/her in this encounter. One possibility is the "we"-position that this study emphasizes. This is a position in which pregnancy, childbirth and care of the newborn is a joint concern for both parents. Making way for a "we"-position also means widening the time perspective from the here-and-now of pregnancy, beyond the approaching childbirth to what comes next: parenthood -- no matter who was pregnant.

  • 85.
    Bladh, Greta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Body matters2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 89-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Bladh, Greta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sport, Gender and Power: The Rise of Roller Derby: Important ethnographic and autoethnographic study of roller derby2015In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 87.
    Blideman, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    HOW IS THE CONCEPT OF ‘WOMEN AND CHILDREN’REPRESENTED BY TWO HUMANITARIANORGANISATIONS?: HOW IS THE CONCEPT OF ‘WOMEN AND CHILDREN’REPRESENTED BY TWO HUMANITARIANORGANISATIONS?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyse how the concept of ‘women and children’ is represented bytwo humanitarian organisations; International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) andMédecins Sans Frontières (MSF). The analyses concludes that there is (still) an assumptionthat women have an inherent vulnerability and women are often described together with‘children’ as if they are one vulnerable group instead of two. This study suggests aproblematization of the concept since activities planned by humanitarian organisations mayhave a big impact on people’s lives when assuming one group to be more vulnerable thananother.

  • 88.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evertsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Perlinski, Marek
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    European social and caring professions in transition2017In: Social and caring professions in European welfare states: policies, services and professional practicies / [ed] Björn Blom, Lars Evertsson and Marek Perlinski, Bristol: Policy Press, 2017, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evertsson, LarsUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.Perlinski, MarekUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social and caring professions in European welfare states: policies, services and professional practices2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection provides new insights about current welfare professions in a number of European countries.

    Focusing on research representing different types of European welfare states, including the Scandinavian and the Continental, the book offers in-depth understandings of professionals' everyday work within different contextual conditions, explored from empirical and theoretical perspectives. Subjects covered include knowledge and identity, education and professional development, regulation, accountability, collaboration, assessment and decision making.

    This is a valuable contribution to the discussion of professionalism and welfare professions, offering lessons learned and ways forward.

  • 90. Blom, Svein
    Some Aspects of Immigrant Residential Concentration in Oslo: Time Trends and the Trends and the Importance of Economic Causes2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, p. 431-456Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Blomgren, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Selection of Candidates for the European Parliament by National Parties and the Impact of European Political Parties: The Swedish case2009Report (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Bohm, Ingela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    "We're made of meat, so why should we eat vegetables?": food discourses in the school subject home and consumer studies2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Food has many different functions. On a physical level, it is needed to survive and to maintain health, but it also has many social, psychological, and emotional meanings. For example, food is used to build relationships, to mark hierarchies, to celebrate holidays, and to influence mood and self-image. Different foods have different cultural meanings, and people are socialized from an early age to recognize and utilize their symbolic value.

    One arena where food occupies a central position is the Swedish school subject Home and Consumer Studies (HCS), which focuses on both the physical and the psychosocial dimensions of food-related health. Since these dimensions are not always compatible, the aim of this dissertation was to explore how students and teachers of HCS use big 'D' Discourses to talk about and handle food, with a special focus on vegetables, meat, vegetarian food, and sweet foods.

    Methods: Fifty-nine students and five teachers were observed, recorded, and in some cases video-taped. Participants’ talk about vegetables, meat, vegetarian food, and sweet foods was transcribed verbatim and analysed for big 'D' Discourses.

    Results: Students mostly based their choice of vegetables on sensory and cultural Discourses. Some vegetables were mandatory and others were optional, depending on whether or not they were part of a recipe or a cultural tradition. The health Discourse was only used if a specific assignment demanded it, and was closely tied to the evaluation Discourse.

    Contrary to the sometimes optional status of vegetables, meat was seen as central in the sensory, cultural, health, and social Discourses. Therefore the reduction of meat could be problematic. It was regarded as simultaneously healthy and unhealthy, and it could elicit disgust, but whenever participants talked about decreasing meat consumption, its centrality was invoked as a counterargument.

    As an extension of this, vegetarian food was seen as 'empty', deviant, and an unattainable ideal. Access to vegetarian food was limited for meat-eaters, and vegetarians were othered in both positive and negative ways. When vegetarian food was cooked during lessons, it was constructed as something out of the ordinary.

    Sweet foods could be viewed as a treasure, as something dangerous and disgusting, or as an unnecessary extra. Home-made varieties were seen as superior. Sweet foods gave social status to both students and teachers, and they could be traded or given away to mark relationships and hierarchies, but also withheld and used to police others.

    Conclusion: In summary, two powerful potential opposites met in the HCS classroom: the Discourses of normality (sensory, cultural, and social Discourses), and the Discourses of responsibility (health and evaluation). Normality could make physically healthy food choices difficult because of participants' social identity, the conflicted health Discourse, and too-strict ideals. On the other hand, some people were excluded from normality itself, notably vegetarians, who were seen as deviant eaters, and teachers, who had to balance state-regulated goals in HCS against local norms.

    To counteract such problems, teachers can 1) focus on sensory experiences, experimental cooking methods, and already popular foods, 2) challenge normality by the way they speak about and handle different types of food, 3) make cooking and eating more communal and socially inclusive, 4) explore the psychosocial dimension of health on the same level as the physical dimension, and 5) make sure they do not grade students' cultural backgrounds, social identities, or taste preferences. This might go some way towards empowering students to make informed choices about food and health. However, scant resources of things like time, money, and equipment limit what can be achieved in the subject.

  • 93.
    Bohm, Ingela
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Lindblom, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Åbacka, Gun
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Absence, deviance and unattainable ideals: Discourses on vegetarianism in the Swedish school subject Home and Consumer Studies2016In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 75, no 6, p. 676-688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study aimed to describe Discourses on vegetarian food in the Swedish school subject Home and Consumer Studies. Design: The study involved the observation of naturally occurring classroom talk, with audio recording and in some cases video-taping. Setting: The study was conducted during Home and Consumer Studies lessons in five different northern Swedish schools. Method: Fifty-nine students and five teachers were observed, recorded and in some cases video-taped. The resulting data were analysed with a focus on big 'D' Discourses. Results: Results indicated that gendered Discourses of absence, deviance and unattainability restricted some students' access to vegetarian food. The absence of meat was constructed as simultaneously healthy and unhealthy, a lack of cultural familiarity with vegetarian cooking made finding recipes difficult and students perceived the loss of taste as very negative. The vegetarian was seen as deviant, with vegetarianism being conceptually equated with sickness. Access to meat-free food required a commitment to a vegetarian lifestyle, and this was seen as a sacrifice and as too much work, not only for the individual but also for others. Conclusion: To counteract the restricted access to vegetarian food, Home and Consumer Studies teachers can redesign activities in the subject with the help of critical food literacy. For example, cooking could focus on popular plant-based dishes instead of 'empty' vegetarian themes, all students could be allowed to share vegetarian dishes instead of reserving them for vegetarians, the possibly strict rules of vegetarianism could be relaxed for those who do not wish to commit to them and vegetarian food could be deliberately connected to strength and masculinity. However, this presupposes sufficient economic resources and ample food storage space.

  • 94.
    Bohm, Ingela
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Lindblom, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Åbacka, Gun
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    'Don't give us an assignment where we have to use spinach!': food choice and discourse in home and consumer studies2016In: International Journal of Consumer Studies, ISSN 1470-6423, E-ISSN 1470-6431, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 57-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe classroom Discourses about vegetables during the planning, cooking, eating and evaluation of meals in the Swedish school subject Home and Consumer Studies. Fifty-nine students and five teachers were recruited from five northern Swedish villages and towns, and then observed, recorded and in some cases video-taped during lessons that took place between 2010 and 2012. Based on 56 instances of talk about vegetables, four Discourses were identified and related to the three aspects of Belasco's culinary triangle of contradictions: identity, responsibility and convenience. The results indicated that the identity-based sensory and cultural Discourses sometimes clashed with the more responsibility-oriented health and evaluation Discourses. The health Discourse was only used when there was an element of evaluation, with assignments connected to grades. In all other cases, the sensory and cultural Discourses guided vegetable use. Sometimes different sensory or cultural assumptions could clash with each other, for example when the teacher insisted on the use of a specific recipe regardless of a student's taste preferences. Since these preferences did not always harmonize with curricular demands for responsibility, there might be a risk of basing grades on aspects of students' identity. Alternatively, students might feel constrained to argue against their own identity in order to be favourably evaluated. Then again, if teachers always bow to student tastes, this limits their chances of learning about food and physical health. Viewing the dilemma through the lens of the culinary triangle of contradictions may help teachers and researchers develop teaching methods that take all aspects of food choice into account.

  • 95.
    Bolin, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Höckertin, C
    Organiseringens betydelse för sociala relationer2010In: Sociala relationer i arbetslivet: studier från föränderliga arbetsplatser / [ed] Härenstam, A. & Bejerot, E., Malmö: Gleerups förlag , 2010, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Bolin, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Höckertin, C
    Marklund, Staffan
    Organizational effects on working conditions and health2010In: The dynamics of organizations and healthy work / [ed] Marklund, S. & Härenstam, A., Växjö : Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper , 2010, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Bolinder, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Handlingsutrymmets betydelse för arbetslösas upplevelser, handlingsstrategier och jobbchanser2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main research problem in this thesis is how unemployed individuals experience and handle the situation of unemployment and how their actions are related to their action possibilities. These are determined by factors like level of education, vocational training, age, citizenship, handicap and level of unemployment on the local labour market. A common assumption is that search behaviour of unemployed individuals strongly affects their possibility to find a job. A central question in this thesis is if individuals’ behaviour has been overemphasised at the expense of real employment opportunities. The empirical part of this thesis is based on longitudinal data collected during a period of high unemployment. The sample is a national random sample existing of 3 500 Swedes interviewed by telephone in the beginning of 1996 and in the end of 1997.

    The results show that the expectations of the unemployed to find a job as well as their actual search behaviour are shaped by the situation they are in. The unemployed have job expectations that co-vary with their action possibilities, but as many as 31.3 per cent overestimate their chances and 10.5 per cent underestimate them. This result is based on questions about expectations to obtain a job related to the actual employment situation nearly two years later. Unemployed individuals’ job expectations co-vary with their experiences of the unemployment situation. Those who believe that their job chances are bad have a low mental sense of well-being, while the opposite is found among those who believe that their job chances are good. The sense of having control over the situation is important for an individual’s mental sense of well-being.

    Both strategies of activity and adaptation occur among the unemployed. Strategies that are meant to change the situation in an objective are most common, only a minority of the unemployed seem to have adapted to the situation of unemployment.

  • 98.
    Bonnedahl, Karl Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Forsberg, Björn
    Från transporttillväxt till ett hållbart transportsystem.: En kunskapssammanställning och analys avseende drivkrafter för transportökning samt hinder och framgångsfaktorer för omställning.2007Report (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Borgström, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Pensionärerna i Kramfors efterlyser mer fantasi i sina matlådor: En enkätstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 100.
    Bostedt, Göran
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Nyberg, Gert
    SLU.
    Agroforestry Extension and Dietary Diversity: An Analysis of the Importance of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in West Pokot, Kenya2016In: Food Security, ISSN 1876-4517, E-ISSN 1876-4525, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 271-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Worldwide, the challenges of nomadic, pastoralist systems are causing their slow but steady disappearance in favour of sedentary agropastoralism. This paper draws upon an existing household data set from a survey collected and organized by the Swedish non-governmental organization (NGO) Vi Agroforestry, directed at a livestock-based, agro-pastoralist area in West Pokot County, western Kenya. The study focuses on the question of food diversity and malnutrition and the role of agroforestry extension services, i.e. knowledge spread, transfer and development. Our basic hypothesis is that certain fruit and vegetable related food groups are under-consumed in West Pokot, especially in the dryland areas. The results of the study shows that agroforestry, combined with advice through extension efforts can imply a transition path for pastoralists which involves improved dietary diversity, especially concerning food groups that include roots, tubers, fruits and leafy vegetables. From the results certain restrictions that hinder this transition become clear. An important but often overlooked factor is lack of information and knowledge as a determinant of household behavior in developing countries. NGOs such as Vi Agroforestry can play an important role in overcoming this restriction by providing extension services. Developing countries in general are not information-rich environments, a fact that is especially the case for poor citizens living in rural areas. The paper illustrates that careful attention to the information and knowledge available to households is necessary when designing development cooperation.

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