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  • 51.
    Eva, Lindgren
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    La révision en production écrite enregistrée2014In: Temps de l'écriture: enregistrements et représentations / [ed] Christophe Leblay and Gilles Caporossi, Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium: Academia-L'Harmattan , 2014, p. 71-92Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 52. Farrús, Mireia
    et al.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Sullivan, Kirk P. H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Hernando, Javier
    Dialect imitations in speaker recognition2007In: Proceedings of the 2nd European IAFL conference on Forensic Linguistics / Language and the Law / [ed] Turell, M. Teresa; Spassova, Maria; Cicres, Jordi, Barcelona: Institut Universitari de Lingüística Aplicada. Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Documenta Universitaria , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Fedorovskaya, Svetlana
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Ворон и ворона во фразеологических системах русского и шведского языков2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 54.
    Fernandes Mariano, Tais
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    An Outline of the Semantic Network of the Preposition Up in American English: A Corpus Study2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study an outline is presented of the semantic network of the preposition up in American English in sentences extracted from the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), which was done to determine what the most common uses and meanings of the preposition are, as well as to determine if most of its possible meanings are concrete or abstract. The results show that there is a salient use and also prototypical meaning of up, and that these are major factors that impact the semantic network of the preposition. This study was designed to be a source of information for EFL students who struggle to understand how prepositions function in the English language, and also what the prepositions can actually represent in a sentence. Concomitantly, the goal is to give information about the preposition up in a way that will allow students to analyze other prepositions and perhaps even other word classes.

  • 55.
    Fischl, Caroline
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Pag-unlad ng wikang Filipino sa sakop ng occupational therapy2005In: Philippine Journal of Linguistics, Vol. 36, no 1-2, p. 28-32Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to describe the term occupation, the basic and most important concept in occupational therapy (OT), and to urge the translation of OT concepts in Filipino. OT is a branch of rehabilitation that deals with the improvement or maintenance of a person's skills to perform daily activities. The profession started in the Philippines more than 40 years ago, and the medium of its instruction is English. Until now, there is no official register of OT terminology in Filipino, which may have resulted in a mixing of the two languages when communicating with clients. This may have led to the misunderstanding of the client on the role of OT in improving quality of life, and to the difficulty of the therapist to encourage clients to take active part in their own therapy. To facilitate service delivery, the therapist should be able to communicate in a language which is used and understood by the Filipino client. A register of OT terms in Filipino and its dissemination among therapists in practice and academe is the proposed solution.

  • 56.
    Forsgren, Kjell-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Naturwissenschaften und Logik als Fremdgut in der Sprachwissenschaft: Einige Probleme und Prozesse von der Aufklärung bis heute2007In: Linguistische und epistemologische Konzepte: diachron / [ed] Stephanos Matthaios & Peter Schmitter, Münster: Nodus Publikationen, 2007, p. 139-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om naturvetenskapens och logikens inflytande på tysk språkvetenskap och grammatik från ca 1800 fram till våra dagar, en symbios på gott och ont.

  • 57.
    Forsgren, Kjell-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Zur Kategorie Adverb als Grenzzonenerscheinung in der deutschen Grammatik des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts2007In: Das Adverb in der Grammatikographie / [ed] Aino Kärnä, Stephanos Matthaios, Nodus Publikationen , 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om den synnerligen heterogena och svårdefinierbara kategorin Adverb i ett historiskt perspektiv (1800- och 1900-talet). Några viktiga avgränsningsförsök under perioden analyseras, delvis på basis av sekundärlitteratur, och slutsatser av granskningen dras.

  • 58.
    Fort, Giovanni
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    I germanismi nello spazio linguistico della penisola italica: superstrato prodotto dalla migrazione; ambito di analisi diacronica, diatopica, e stilistica; strumento per la didattica2019In: Bergen Language and Lingustics Studies, ISSN 1892-2449, E-ISSN 1892-2449, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Germanic peoples appear strongly on the stage of history during late antiquity. With the advent of so-called “Barbarian Invasions” (or “folk migrations”, if the perspective is that of the invaders), raids by Germanic tribes gradually turn into migrations of ethnic groups settling in the areas they strike. With the fall of the Empire and the creation of Barbarian Kingdoms, this phenomenon leads to lasting effects on local languacultures. In the Italian peninsula, Goths, Langobards, and Franks, impacted the evolution of vulgar Latin, leaving visible traces in the Italian language.

    The Germanic element of Italian vocabulary is represented by a multitude of toponyms and anthroponyms; it characterises specific lexical areas, and is observable in basic vocabulary and derivational morphology. These elements (systematically collected within the LEI project) are an extremely interesting object of study, on several levels.

    In a diachronic perspective: analysing their presence at different stages, and as an instrument for dating.

    In a diatopic perspective: as a criterion of dialectological analysis, also frequently linked to geosynonyms and so-called “parole bandiera”. (Besides also being a differentiating criterion between romance languages).

    In a sociolinguistic and stylistic perspective: considering the value of a Latin or a Germanic equivalent, in context.

    It is moreover ultimately relevant to consider an approach involving Germanic elements in Italian as an effective pedagogical tool. They can prove extremely useful, not only in educating about the history of the languaculture of the Italian peninsula, but also in teaching basic language-competence, and in the expansion of vocabulary, exploiting intercomprehension in learners with a Germanic mother tongue in general, and a Scandinavian one in particular (and vice versa).

  • 59.
    Frigerio, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Role of Transfer in Italian High School Students' Written Production in English2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at exploring to what extent transfer plays a role for young Italian learners of English. The informants consisted of a group of Italian high school students whose English written compositions are investigated. The collection of data is made up of an error analysis based on Pit Corder’s methodology (Corder in Ellis 2008: 46), in which six different linguistic categories are examined such as collocations, word order, the past tenses with special focus on the simple present perfect versus the simple past, furthermore the null subject parameter, false friends and subject-verb agreement. A brief discussion is also dedicated to the difference between what constitutes an error and a mistake. What emerges in this study is that the category of collocations is the one in which most instances of transfer errors are found followed by word order and the use of the simple past tense. Finally, the research aims to find out what could be the plausible reasons as to why certain categories appear to be more subject to the transfer phenomena.

     

  • 60.
    Frängsmyr Svahn, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Kitty - Den Duktiga Flickan.: Diskursiva femininiteter i Kitty-böckerna.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilka femininiteter de kvinnliga huvudkaraktärerna i Kittyböckerna uppvisar och om dessa skiljer sig åt mellan böckerna från 1960-talet och de från 2000-talet. Metoden som används är diskursteori och jag valde ut sex Kittyböcker som analyseras genom att identifiera viktiga tecken som diskurserna består av. Resultatet visar att fyra femininiteter formas tydligt i böckerna: Den Duktiga Flickan, Flicknormen, Hjältinnan och Pojkflickan. Den Duktiga Flickan utmärks bland annat genom nodalpunkten duktig, Flicknormen genom sin romantiska sida, Hjältinnan genom sitt ledarskap och Pojkflickan framträder genom sin pojkaktighet. Femininiteterna skiljer sig bara marginellt åt mellan 1960-talet och 2000-talet.

  • 61.
    Gamboa, José J.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    La lengua después del exilio: Influencias suecas en retornados chilenos2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Gavelin, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Conceptual metaphors: a diachronic study of LOVE metaphors in Mariah Carey's song lyrics2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is an account of an investigation of conceptual metaphors of LOVE in two albums by singer Mariah Carey. It also includes an investigation of if LOVE metaphors were used differently at the beginning of her career from how they are used twenty-four years later. The study is based on the singles of Carey's debut album and those of her latest album. The analysis showed that although the songs are separated by approximately twenty years the LOVE metaphors most reflected in the song lyrics were the same in both albums. The results also showed that the source concept which was most typically used overall was also reflected to describe the target concept in both albums. However, the variation of LOVE metaphors was greater in the singles of her debut album.

  • 63.
    Gheitasi, Parvin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Say It Fast, Fluent and Flawless": formulaicity in the oral language production of young foreign language learners2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis reports on a study, which investigated the process of early foreign language learning in a classroom context and the functions of multi-word units of language known as formulaic sequences in the oral language production of young foreign language learners. A classroom with 11 students in the age range 9 to 11 years was observed and video recorded for 16 sessions (90 minutes per session). The observations were accompanied by two elicitation tasks. 10 sessions out of the 16 sessions of the collected speech samples were transcribed chronologically. In the next step, formulaic sequences were identified based on pre-established criteria, which were further developed during the analysis. The data was analyzed in order to identify the functions of formulaic sequences in learners’ oral language production in addition to the inter-learner variations in the application of formulaic sequences for different functions.

    The results revealed evidence of incidental learning of formulaic sequences from input; the language input provided instances for the learners to learn multi-word units. In addition, formulaic sequences played different roles in the language production of the learners. These sequences helped young language learners to overcome their lack of knowledge, to improve their fluency, and to enjoy some language play. Formulaic sequences were used as a strategy to economize effort on processing and also to buy time for processing. The findings of the study suggested that language users might introduce dis-fluency in the production of their sequences in order to buy time for further processing. Moreover, the data provided examples illustrating communicative functions of formulaic sequences where the use of formulaic sequences was affected by the relationship between the speaker and listener. The analysis revealed that although all the learners applied formulaic sequences in their language production, there was a great variation among individual learners in their intention and the extent of the application of formulaic sequences. Some learners used these sequences to be able to extend their utterances and produce more of the language, whereas other learners used them to avoid further language production. In sum, it seemed that individual learners' different personalities, needs or limitations served as explanation for the application of formulaic sequences in different contexts.

  • 64. Gibbs, Raymond
    et al.
    Tendahl, Markus
    Okonski, Lacey
    University of California, Santa Cruz.
    Inferring pragmatic messages from metaphor2011In: Lodz Papers in Pragmatics, ISSN 1895-6106, E-ISSN 1898-4436, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 3-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When speakers utter metaphors, such as "Lawyers are also sharks," they often intend to communicate messages beyond those expressed by the metaphorical meaning of these expressions. For instance, in some circumstances, a speaker may state "Lawyers are also sharks" to strengthen a previous speaker's negative beliefs about lawyers, to add new information about lawyers to listeners to some context, or even to contradict a previous speaker's positive assertions about lawyers. In each case, speaking metaphorically communicates one of these three social messages that are relevant to the ongoing discourse. At the same time, speaking metaphorically may express other social and affective information that is more difficult to convey using non-metaphorical speech, such as "Lawyers are also aggressive." We report the results of three experiments demonstrating that people infer different pragmatic messages from metaphors in varying social situations and that many metaphors can express additional pragmatic and rhetorical meanings beyond those conveyed by non-metaphorical language. These findings demonstrate the importance of trade-offs between cognitive effort and cognitive effects in pragmatic theories of metaphor use and understanding.

  • 65. Gibbs, Raymond W.
    et al.
    Okonski, Lacey
    University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, United States.
    Cognitive poetics in allegorical experience2018In: Expressive minds and artistic creations: studies in cognitive poetics / [ed] Szilvia Csábi, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, p. 33-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Where does allegory come from? Most studies of allegory view it as a type of artistic or literary endeavor. Our claim is that allegory arises from ordinary experience as people seek to establish connections between the here and now and symbolic and figurative themes. Most embodied metaphors reflect patterns of allegorical thought. We describe some of the ways that allegory is expressed in life events and specific domains of discourse. We report college students' interpretations of allegory in poetry and literature. We explore the hypothesis that understanding allegory requires people to engage in an "embodied simulation" process in which they imagine themselves participating in the events mentioned in texts. Several studies offer support for this theory, focusing on people's interpretations of the works of poets and novelists. These findings suggest that allegorical understandings emerge from embodied, cognitive processes that are widespread throughout human experience as part of the "poetics of mind."

  • 66. Gibbs, Raymond W.
    et al.
    Okonski, Lacey
    University of California, Santa Cruz.
    Hatfield, Miles
    Crazy, creative metaphors: crazy metaphorical mind?2013In: Metaphor and the Social World, ISSN 2210-4070, E-ISSN 2210-4097, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 141-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an analysis of public interviews with the American actor Charlie Sheen during a difficult time in his life when he appeared to be speaking and acting crazy. Sheen's metaphoric descriptions of his life mostly referred to common conventional metaphoric concepts. However, closer examination of the metaphoric discourse revealed that he characterized his life and thoughts using various allegorical themes, most of which relate to fantasy characters, and thought of himself as a special destructive machine. Sheen may possibly have been experiencing the symptoms of certain mental disorders. But we argue that his metaphoric discourse was creative and coherent through his engaging in allegorical thought which is grounded in common embodied simulation processes.

  • 67.
    Girnyte, Ieva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Conceptual Metaphors and Metonymies of LOVE in Maroon 5 Songs2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 68.
    Grenehed, Evelina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Det blev viktigt att veta vad som var sann kristen tro": En ideationell textanalys av ett läroboksavsnitt om kristendomen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka hur kristendomen framställs i ett läroboksavsnitt i ämnet religion på högstadienivå. För detta har jag använt den systemisk-funktionella grammatikens ideationella analys och undersökt fördelningen av processtyper, textens förstadeltagare samt positionerna för karaktärer relaterade till kristendomen. Analysen visar att kristna människor ofta förekommer som förstadeltagare och därmed framställs som aktiva i texten. Däremot förekommer karaktären Gud, och till viss del resten av treenigheten, framför allt i ganska abstrakta processer, och framstår på så sätt som ett mer abstrakt fenomen än kristna. Detta blir särskilt tydligt om man jämför med karaktären kejsar Konstantin, som är en drivande förstadeltagaren i texten. Detta kan kopplas till läroplanens mål om en icke-konfessionell skola och tolerans. I användningen av pronomenen man respektive vi kan man dock ana en vag antydan till att kristendomen kopplas till människor i dåtid medan människor i nutid antas vara icke-troende, men det skulle krävas en utförligare analys än den ideationella för att bekräfta en sådan hypotes.

  • 69.
    Hamnö, Albin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    President Trump’s use of ‘Impoliteness Strategies’ in Twitter outputs targeted at U.S. politicians (from 15 June 2015, to 24 May 2019)2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper enters into a field of linguistics dedicated to analysing the use of strategies in performing impolite, intentionally targeted, language output. Specifically, it evaluates the purpose(s) of U.S. President Donald Trump’s impolite output on social media platform Twitter. It is done by operationalizing the taxonomy of ‘impoliteness strategies’ as it was formulated by Jonathan Culpeper (1996), sprung from distinctions related to the concept of face. In differentiating and analysing the face-threatening qualities of Trump’s impolite outputs, the aim has been to contribute to a more complex understanding of Trump’s dominant purposes in performing these. Quantitative analysis of a selection of Trump’s tweets targeting U.S. politicians was performed to indicate the relative weights of his use of different categories of ‘impoliteness triggers’; weights which are drawn on to indicate the prevailing functional purpose of the set of tweets. Findings are further evaluated in relation to the context of U.S. politics. Results show that Trump’s Twitter outputs predominantly categorize as POSITIVE IMPOLITENESS triggers, typically ‘insults’ and ‘pointed criticisms/complaints’. This is consistent with a high ‘linguistic-pragmatic’ degree of offence. In terms of function, it suggests Trump’s predominantly coercive purpose to undermine his targets’ appearances and abilities. A common use of intensifiers and/or repetition in outputs further suggests emotionality as a way of exacerbating offence. Such strategies typically coincide with a readily apparent entertainment purpose, which is reflected also in SARCASM OR MOCK IMPOLITENESS triggers. Use of NEGATIVE IMPOLITENESS triggers, such as ‘condescensions’, ‘dismissals’ and ‘threats’, which commonly associate with purposes of manifesting authority and power occur less frequently. In terms of gender distinctions, ‘insults’ as the percentage share of all outputs performed by Trump, per gender category, is substantially higher for female U.S. politicians than for the males.

  • 70.
    Hansson, Heidi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Best of the millennium: rebuilding the traditional canon2004In: Moderna Språk, ISSN 0026-8577, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 2-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Hansson, Heidi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Norberg, Cathrine
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Lady Audley's secret, gender and the representation of emotions2013In: Women's Writing, ISSN 0969-9082, E-ISSN 1747-5848, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 441-457Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between gender, emotion and normative ideals is a prominent theme in British sensation fiction of the 1860s, and a central concern in Mary Elizabeth Braddon’s novel Lady Audley’s Secret (1862). But despite critical assent concerning the importance of emotions in the text, there are no focused studies of their meaning and narrative function. This study explores how representations of anger and shame convey gender specificity and how the way characters express and perform emotions interplay with constructions of social power in the novel. Braddon’s work contains more examples of women than men exhibiting signs of anger and more instances of men than women showing shame which means that anger might be understood as female and shame as a male quality in the text. The contexts where these emotions occur indicate the opposite, however. Women displaying anger are shown to transgress gendered conduct codes, whereas men mostly experience shame because of women’s misbehaviour and as their guardians. Although the distribution of instances when male and female characters show anger or shame could initially be understood as a manifestation of the disruptive qualities of the sensation genre, such an interpretation is undermined by the gendered relations between emotional expression, power and control in the novel.

  • 72.
    Hansson, Heidi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Wennö, Elisabeth
    Universitetsengelska på distans: en studie av praktisk-estetiska lärares språkinlärningsprocess2000Report (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Hansson, Patrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Juslin, Peter
    Winman, Anders
    Probability intervals and sample constraints2004In: Proceedings of the twenty-sixth annual conference of the cognitive science society / [ed] Forbus, K; Gentner, D; Regier, T, Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004, p. 1567-1567Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 74.
    Hartman, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Conditionals in therapy and counseling sessions: therapists' and clients' uses of what-if constructions2019In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 140, p. 112-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on transcribed spoken data, this study explores therapists’ and clients’ uses of what-if constructions in therapy and counseling sessions. It seeks to establish how these constructions are used, whether there are usage differences between these two groups of speakers, and, if so, how such differences can be explained. The study concludes that both therapists and clients use what if, but they do so to satisfy different communicative needs. Clients primarily use what if to convey worry and doubt (What if don’t like it there?), whereas therapists use what if to summarize and reconstrue their clients' worries and to present alternative perspectives and entertain potential consequences (What if you gave up your guilt?). Both groups of speakers use what if to prompt (re)enactment of scenarios, often in connection with metarepresented speech and thought (I was like, “What if he is here?”). The study offers linguistic support for clinical observations concerning the prevalence of what-if reasoning in anxiety disorders, and additionally illustrates how therapists use language to trigger reality-distancing in their clients. Through a systematic application of Chilton’s Deictic Space Theory, the study demonstrates the utility of a cognitive linguistic approach to the consideration of interactive spoken data.

  • 75.
    Hartman, Jenny
    Lund University.
    Constructions of contrast in spoken testimonials on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder2018In: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1866-9808, E-ISSN 1866-9859, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 83-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spoken testimonials on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) constitute the data for this study, which considers contrastive construal as evoked by conditional constructions (if, unless, what if) and antonymous uses of lexical items (bad–good, guilt–innocence). Unlike conditional language use for the expression of hypothetical scenarios, doubt, and catastrophizing, antonyms have not been a focus of OCD research. In the data, antonymous lexical items establish experiential dichotomies (e.g., good–bad, guilt–innocence, cause–prevent) that reinforce and specify the nature of evoked contrast. Meaning making in the data, it is proposed, evokes contrastive construal according to bundles of integrated quality dimensions such as MODALITY, MORALITY, and EMOTION that make up incompatible conceptions of reality. Tied to contrast in the data is also the notion of balance, and contrast is considered alongside force-dynamic actions that are experienced as effecting balance. While the overriding concerns for the study are linguistic–conceptual, the study’s findings can have implications for research on OCD and a cognitive semantic perspective can potentially complement both content- and process-oriented psychological approaches to this disorder.

  • 76.
    Hartman, Jenny
    Lund University.
    Premonitory urges and Touretting volcanoes: force construal in personal narratives on Tourette Syndrome2017In: Review of Cognitive Linguistics, ISSN 1877-9751, E-ISSN 1877-976X, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 155-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Causative meaning including, but not limited to, causation, prevention, and enabling is realized in language use through force construal. Force is explored in this article through consideration of narratives on Tourette Syndrome, a disorder that is largely characterized by its constitutive actions (vocal or motor tics). To account for force construal, the article proposes a merger of a vector model for the description of force in language and cognition and a lexical semantic model of ontologies and construals. Force is accounted for in terms of a number of configurations (CAUSE, ENABLE, PREVENT, WITHSTAND, and DESPITE) that are realized through construal operations. This merger of explanatory models allows nuanced and flexible description of forceful meaning in actual language use.

  • 77.
    Hartman, Jenny
    et al.
    Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University, Sweden.
    Paradis, Carita
    Lund University.
    Emotive and sensory simulation through comparative construal2018In: Metaphor and Symbol, ISSN 1092-6488, E-ISSN 1532-7868, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 123-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using authentic textual data from written personal narratives, we investigate how individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Tourette Syndrome mediate their emotive and sensory experiences through language. Our study reveals that experiential comparisons of different kinds (Trying not to tic is like trying not to blink) feature prominently as means of conveying such experiences. We identify a number of meaning domains that are recruited in correspondences between sources and targets, including MOTION and FORCE, and detail how sensory modalities, bodily sensations, and emotions are exploited to evoke emotive/sensory responses in readers. We conclude that comparative construal is a significant communicative strategy precisely because it elicits familiar situational meanings capable of evoking vicarious experiences in readers. By considering texts from actual uses of language in natural situations, our research sheds new light on how emotive/sensory experiences are conveyed through language and furthers our understanding of means of effecting emotive/sensory descriptions beyond individual words. An explanatory framework for comparative construal is proposed—a three-dimensional similarity space—which accounts for such construal in terms of the nature of correspondences between sources and targets and intersubjective evaluation in the form of experiential, embodied simulation.

  • 78.
    Haugen, Susanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Fornsvensk grammatiknyckel2009Other (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Heith, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages. litteraturvetenskap.
    Jenny Fossum Grönn ed., Nordic Voices. Literature from the Nordic Countries2007In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 1, no 1-2, p. 163-166Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Hendrick, Stephanie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Beyond the Blog2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines weblog community as a materially afforded and socially constructed space. In a set of three case studies, this dissertation examines three separate weblog communities between 2004 and 2008. CASE STUDY I looks at knowledge management bloggers in order to better understand how bloggers form communities. In this case study, it will be shown that blogs group thematically and in temporal bursts. These bursts of thematic activity allow for movement in and out of a community, as well as act as a bridge between different weblog communities. CASE STUDY II examines two pseudonymous bloggers in order to better understand how presentation and identity is understood in blogging. It will be shown in CASE STUDY II that social identity in weblog communities is negotiated through blogging practices such as transparency in writing and truthful presentation. CASE STUDY III delves further into social identity by examining a community of academic bloggers and how traditional, institutionalized expectations influence social identity over time, and if this influence differs in the core and periphery of the community. It will be shown in CASE STUDY III that there is indeed a difference in how social identity is negotiated and performed between core and periphery members of a weblog community. Finally, a model towards an integrated approach to researching blogs is put forth.

  • 81.
    Hendrick, Stephanie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Intimacies and Arguments: The public negotiation of gender, power and presentation in weblog communities2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Contrary to the utopian expectation that the Internet will lift the poor out of squalor, erase differences and finally let men and women compete on equal footing, there are clear power differences present online. In many online interactions, anonymity is being abandoned in favor of real profiles, community building and networking. Once this anonymity has been abandoned, however, members of these communities must negotiate ways of interacting with one another. Often online communication among members of the same community is a seamless discourse between parties. Exploration of the points at which these interactions break down can provide valuable insight into the underlying culture of the community. This paper will explore underlying structures of gender and power through a sociolinguistic analysis of the weblog discourse surrounding the Kathy Sierra death threat case.

  • 82.
    Hendrick, Stephanie Faye
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Social identity in action: a mediated discourse analysis of pseudonymous blogging2011In: Tracking discourses: politics, identity and social change / [ed] Annika Egan Sjölander & Jenny Gunnarsson Payne, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011, p. 225-255Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article will deconstruct the social identity pseudonymous blogger through the mapping of identity elements in the presentation posts of two bloggers, and compare these identity elements to a sample of the mass media's presentation of the same two bloggers. I begin this chapter by setting the discourses of diary writing and journalism in historical contexts and relate these contexts to the practice of blogging. I will then argue that the two discourses inform the categories cultural projections and societal currents in Norris' (2004) multimodal framework. I then use Scollon and Scollon's (2004) nexus analysis and Norris' (2004) multimodal framework in order to examine the blogs BitchPhd and Belle de Jour. The aim is to examine the construction of pseudonymous social identities in action, and to map the construction of pseudonymous social identities in action, and how these constructions dictate, and are dictated by, social practices.

  • 83.
    Hene, Birgitta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Adjektivs metaforiska betydelser - utlandsadopterade och svenska barns tolkningar2004In: Svenska som andraspråk: i forskning, undervisning och samhälle / [ed] Kenneth Hyltenstam & Inger Lindberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, 1, p. 277-296Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Hene, Birgitta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    "Den dyrkade Lasse och stackars lilla Lotta": en syntaktisk-semantisk studie av personbeskrivande adjektiv och adverb i populära ungdomsböcker1984Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study is to examine how characterizations of persons in books for children and adolescents relate to traditional sex role patterns and to determine if there is any difference in this respect between books for girls and books for boys as well as between popular books and quality books.Eight books for girls, eight books for boys, and four books for both girls and boys are examined. From these books 8,268 adjectives, adverbs, and participles which characterize persons or aspects of persons were excerpted. These excerpts have been categorized with regard to syntactic function into attributive adjectives, predicative adjectives, and adverbials, and with regard to meaning as to membership in semantic fields on different levels.The most frequent syntactic category in the material is "predicative" (42.8%), followed by "attributive" (33.4%). Female characters are more often described by predicative adjectives than are male characters, while the opposite is true of attributive adjectives. The choice of syntactic category seems to be determined more by what property or state the lexical item refers to, however, than by the sex of the character described.The semantic fields with the largest number of excerpts are MENTAL PROPERTIES AND STATES (32.9%), SOCIABILITY (15.0%), DRESS AND APPEARANCE (14.7%), and PACE AND MOVEMENTS (11.4%). These fields also dominate within the different categories of books and the descriptions of female and male characters respectively.Traditional sex role patterns are most obvious in characterizations of role characters with respect to their role in society and their relation to other people. Female characters are, e.g., almost exclusively described with respect to their private lives, while male characters are described in terms of their position in society. In the books for boys male characters are attributed a negative or rejecting attitude to their environment, while female characters are attributed a more positive or accepting attitude.The most traditional impression of the opposite sex is conveyed by the books for boys-to the extent that any such impression is conveyed at all by these books. The books for boys have very few female characters and very few descriptions of them. In general, male characters dominate in the books and it is clearly shown that to be a boy or man is more highly regarded than to be a girl or woman.No general differences between popular books and quality literature emerged from the analyses performed. Traditional sex role patterns are equally pronounced in the two types of books, even if there are differences between individual books.

  • 85.
    Jernudd, Björn H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    The language survey of Sudan: the first phase: a questionnaire survey in schools1979Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a report on a sociolinguistic survey of pupils in selected junior secondary schools and some primary schools in Northern Sudan, and in Malakal and Adong in Southern Sudan, conducted in 1972. This survey began the Language Survey of Sudan, which is a continuing project of the Institute of African and Asian Studies, Khartoum. The report describes in some detail how the survey was conducted. It adopted an approach intended to demonstrate the usefulness of sociolinguistic surveying to development and public policy in .Sudan and to bring out the needs for further, detailed work. The Language Survey of Sudan aims at describing and mapping knowledge and use of languages and dialects in Sudan, by (i) identifying languages and dialects and classifying them by linguistic method, (2) accounting for how many people know each language and dialect, and how well, and (3) studying for what purposes each language and dialect are used. This survey addressed primarily the last objective. As concerns the significance of findings, the characteristics of the respondents introduce severe constraints on interpretation. Although their ages are relatively uniform (around 14 or 15 years of age) with both sexes represented, born in the majority of cases in the same provinces as their schools are located in and showing a good spread of fathers' jobs, the respondents are not representative of the wider community. But the respondents are representative of the school population in Sudan in their age group. Results account for pupils* reports on parents* knowledge of Arabic and parents* literacy in Arabicj on pupils* own preferences for the use of classical or colloquial varieties of Arabic in the classroom; and on knowledge of other languages in addition to Arabic and patterns of use of these languages as well as Arabic. One major finding of this study is that, with very few exceptions, Arab respondents do not acquire another Sudanese language. Another major finding is that the data points to varying degrees of bilingualism among all other ethnic groups in at least Northern Sudan: Arabic and local vernaculars are used in complementary social situations, with AraMc assuming a lingua franca function and being associated mainly with national, public, official, 'modern* or often simply out-group communicative situations. But the report does not show that Arabic is replacing other languages. What it shows is acceptance of use of Arabic in many contexts. Another major finding is that girl respondents consistently say that they use more Arabic than boys say they do, and claim more Arabic knowledge and also literacy for their mothers than boys do.

  • 86.
    Johan, Nordlander
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    The Basics of Main Clause Temporal Marking in Krio2004Report (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Johansson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Conceptual Metaphors in Lyrics by Leonard Cohen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find and analyse conceptual metaphors in the lyrics, A Thousand Kissed Deep, Here It Is, and Boogie Street from the album Ten New Songs (2001) by Leonard Cohen using Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT). In order to detected the conceptual metaphors, the source and target domains were identified. Conceptual metaphors were found by mapping source domains onto target domains and viewing the lexical expressions in the lyrics. The result and analysis of the findings in this study show that linguistic expressions of LOVE, LIFE and DEATH are conceptually present in the lyrics.

  • 88.
    Johansson Falck, Marlene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Embodied motivations for abstract in and on constructions2017In: Constructing families of constructions: analytical perspectives and theoretical challenges / [ed] Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez, Alba Luzondo Oyón and Paula Pérez Sobrino, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2017, p. 53-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the relationship between abstract in and on constructions (i.e. grammatical form and meaning pairings (cf. Langacker 1987: 409; Goldberg 2005: 3) and body-world knowledge. Abstract in and on instances retrieved from the British National Corpus (BNC) are analyzed to identify what types of abstract concepts are construed as containing entities (used with the English preposition/particle in) and what types of abstract concepts are construed as objects/supporting surfaces (used with the preposition/particle on). Analyses show that abstract in and on constructions fall into families of constructions that refer to related concepts, and that these, in turn, are connected with specific types of embodied experiences. Body-world knowledge thus provides a principled way of explaining the constructions.

  • 89.
    Johansson Falck, Marlene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Narrow paths, difficult roads, and long ways: Travel through space and metaphorical meaning2013In: The Construal of Spatial Meaning: Windows into Conceptual Space / [ed] Carita Paradis, Jean Hudson & Ulf Magnusson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 214-235Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a corpus linguistic analysis of 1000 random path-, road-, and way-instances from the British National Corpus. The aim is to show that both non-metaphorical and metaphorical instances of these terms (e.g. the bushes had grown across the path and the path of green consumerism) are intimately connected with people’s embodied experiences of travel through space along paths, roads, or ways. This is evident from a) the coherent way in which sentences including these terms are generally structured, b) the differences between path- road-, and way-sentences at a more specific level of abstraction, and c) the similarities between non-metaphorical and metaphorical sentences including the same term (e.g. non-metaphorical path and metaphorical path). The image-schematic structures of these experiences create coherence in word use. Differences between paths, roads, and ways, and hence between journeys along these, lead to variation in spatial metaphorical meaning.

  • 90.
    Johansson Falck, Marlene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Temporal prepositions explained: Cross-linguistic analysis of English and Swedish unit of time landmarks2014In: Cognitive Linguistic Studies, ISSN 2213-8722, E-ISSN 2213-8730, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 271-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent can factors such as the size of a unit of time landmark and zoomed in effects explain the patterns of temporal prepositions in English (Lindstromberg, 1998/2010)? How important are these factors cross-linguistically? This paper is a corpus linguistic analysis of unit of time landmarks in English, in and on instances, and in their Swedish equivalents, i and instances.My aims are to investigate how temporal in and on relationships are construed in terms of spatial ones and to identify shared and differing patterns between these two closely related languages. Shared patterns may provide clues in regard to which factors are salient when time is construed in terms of space. Differing patterns highlight the fact that a given way of construing time in terms of space is not the only alternative. Systematicity at this level of abstraction is potentially useful for the second language (L2) learner.

  • 91.
    Johansson Falck, Marlene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    What trajectors reveal about TIME metaphors: analysis of English and Swedish2016In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, ISSN 1384-6655, E-ISSN 1569-9811, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 28-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is an analysis of trajectors (i.e. located entities) in language about fixed durations of TIME. More specifically, trajectors in instances including the English prepositions in or on, or their Swedish equivalents i or , are analyzed. On the structure of the inverse Moving Observer/Moving Time metaphors (Lakoff & Johnson 1999) instances such as these should be construed relative to a Moving Observer, and trajectors people that move relative to fixed durations of TIME (as reflected in e.g. when we come to launching the 4th edition in early 1990). My analysis, however, suggests that our understanding of TIME through SPACE is more nuanced than suggested by these metaphors. In this specific context, trajectors are not typically people in motion, but rather events or processes located in, or on, unit of time landmarks. My study emphasizes the need to test the systematicity of the mappings proposed by Conceptual Metaphor Theory.

  • 92.
    Johansson Falck, Marlene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Gibbs Jr, Raymond W
    University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), Psychology Department.
    Embodied motivations for metaphorical meanings2013In: Cognitive linguistics: the quantitative turn : the essential reader / [ed] Laura Janda, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2013, p. 81-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between people's mental imagery for their experiences of paths and roads and the metaphorical use of path and road in discourse. We report the results of two studies, one a survey examining people's mental imagery about their embodied experiences with paths and roads, with the second providing a corpus analysis of the ways path and road are metaphorically used in discourse. Our hypothesis is that both people's mental imagery for path and road, and speakers' use of these words in metaphorical contexts are strongly guided by their embodied understandings of real-world events related to travel on paths and roads. The results of these studies demonstrate how bodily experiences with artifacts partly constrains not only how specific conceptual metaphors emerge, but how different metaphorical understandings are applied in talk about abstract entities and events.

  • 93.
    Johansson Falck, Marlene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Gibbs W Jr, Raymond
    University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC), Psychology Department.
    Embodied motivations for metaphorical meanings2012In: Cognitive Linguistics, ISSN 0936-5907, E-ISSN 1613-3641, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 251-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between people’s mental imagery for their experiences of paths and roads and the metaphorical use of path and road in discourse. We report the results of two studies, one a survey examining people’s mental imagery about their embodied experiences with paths and roads, with the second providing a corpus analysis of the ways path and road are metaphorically used in discourse. Our hypothesis is that both people’s mental imagery for path and road, and speakers’ use of these words in metaphorical contexts are strongly guided by their embodied understandings of real-world events related to travel on paths and roads. The results of these studies demonstrate how bodily experiences with artifacts partly constrains not only how specific conceptual metaphors emerge, but how different metaphorical understandings are applied in talk about abstract entities and events.

  • 94.
    Johansson, Iréne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Funktionella aspekter på satsintonationen i svenska1978Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present work is an investigation of the function of sentence intonation in Swedish for conveying information of various kinds: semantic-syntactic (distinguishing .declarative and interrogatory yes/no sentences) , stylistic (on the character of the speech situation), and dialectal information (on the regional background of the speakers). Finally the properties of the sentence intonation of individual speakers have been studied. The investigation is based on an acoustic analysis of recorded speech supplemented by other experiments involving perceptual tests in which specimens of natural speech, low pass filtered speech, and synthetic speech were presented to listeners. In the acoustic experiments five fundamental pitch parameters were investigated. The significance of these parameters for the listeners was tested in the perceptual experiments. The most evident difference between declarative and interrogatory intonation is in the marking of the frequency dominance manifested by certain properties of the features corresponding to the pitch parameters. The weak (negative) marking in declarative sentences implies a relatively low average and low peak value of pitch, an early position of the pitch peak in the sentence, and a relatively fast slope of the pitch. The contrasting strong (positive) marking in interrogatory sentences is characterized by the opposite properties. The marking of these features is in some cases optional. In speech delivered in situations when the pitch contour was one of very few or the only channel of information, e.g. in lists of read sentences, the intonation types are distinguished more clearly than when several channels were working, e.g. in spontaneous conversations. As far as dialectal information is concerned there is a tendency among speakers from the southern parts of Sweden to use a higher average level and greater variations of pitch than in Northern Sweden. In order to estimate the influence of particular vowels on the sentence intonation their inherent pitch was investigated. It was shown that, although there is a considerable variation in the inherent pitch of vowels, the influence of the inherent pitch on sentence intonation is neutralized in speech with a normal variation of vowels. The result of the investigation has been summarized in a model for the production of sentence intonation of Swedish. It contains process steps with obligatory or optional marking of the pitch contour features.

  • 95.
    Joma, Liv Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Objeektem jååhkesjidh jallh ij jååhkesjh, åarjelsaemien gïelesne2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract

    Ulmie goerehtimmine goerehtidh mejtie soptsestæjjah, mah åarjelsaemiengïelem mubpine gïeline utnieh, raajesh nulle objeektine jååhkesjieh, jallh dah voestesgïeleste tsavtseme jïh eah raajesh nulle objeektine jååhkesjh. Soptsestæjjah aalterisnie 18 jïh 56 jaepieh meatan goerehtimmesne orreme, jïh referaansedåehkesne soptsestæjjah mah joekoen væjkele åarjelsaemien gïelesne. Goerehtimmie vuesehte voestesgïelen soptsestæjjah daejrieh guktie dah maehtieh nulle objeektem nuhtjedh. Men dah mah åarjelsaemien gïelem mubpine gïeline utnieh moenedieh guktie maahta nulle objeekth nuhtjedh mij vuesehte dah voestes gïeleste tsavtseme.

  • 96.
    Joma, Liv Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Objeektem jååhkesjidh jallh ij jååhkesjh, åarjelsaemien gïelesne2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract

    Ulmie goerehtimmine goerehtidh mejtie soptsestæjjah, mah åarjelsaemiengïelem mubpine gïeline utnieh, raajesh nulle objeektine jååhkesjieh, jallh dah voestesgïeleste tsavtseme jïh eah raajesh nulle objeektine jååhkesjh. Soptsestæjjah aalterisnie 18 jïh 56 jaepieh meatan goerehtimmesne orreme, jïh referaansedåehkesne soptsestæjjah mah joekoen væjkele åarjelsaemien gïelesne. Goerehtimmie vuesehte voestesgïelen soptsestæjjah daejrieh guktie dah maehtieh nulle objeektem nuhtjedh. Men dah mah åarjelsaemien gïelem mubpine gïeline utnieh moenedieh guktie maahta nulle objeekth nuhtjedh mij vuesehte dah voestes gïeleste tsavtseme.

  • 97.
    Jonsson, Carla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Code-switching in Chicano Theater: Power, Identity and Style in Three Plays by Cherríe Moraga2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines local and global functions of code-switching and code-mixing in Chicano theater, i.e. in writing intended for performance. The data of this study consists of three published plays by Chicana playwright Cherríe Moraga.

    Distinguishing between code-switching and code-mixing, the investigation explores local and global functions of these phenomena. Local functions of code-switching are functions that can be seen in the text and, as a consequence, can be regarded as meaningful for the audience of the plays. These functions are examined, focussing on five loci in which code-switching is frequent and has clear local functions. The loci are quotations, interjections, reiterations, ‘gaps’ and word/language play.

    Global functions of code-switching and code-mixing operate on a higher level and are not necessarily detected in the actual texts. These functions are discussed, focussing on two main areas, namely power relations (addressing questions of domination, resistance and empowerment) and identity construction (addressing questions of how identity can be reflected by use of language and how identity is constructed and reconstructed by means of language).

    The study suggests that code-switching fills creative, artistic and stylistic functions in the plays and that code-switching and code-mixing can serve as responses to domination in that they can be used to resist, challenge and ultimately transform power relations.

  • 98.
    Jørgensen, Dolly
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Rethinking rewilding2015In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 65, p. 482-488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term 'rewilding' sounds as if it should have a straightforward meaning 'to make wild again'. But in truth the term has a complex history and a host of meanings have been ascribed to it. Rewilding as a specific scientific term has its beginnings as a reference to the Wildlands Project, which was founded in 1991 and aimed to create North American core wilderness areas without human activity that would be connected by corridors. Words, however, do not stand still they change over time and take on new meanings, while sometimes simultaneously retaining the older sense. Employing Foucault's idea of historical genealogy, this article examines how the term rewilding was historically adopted and modified in ecological scientific discourse over the last two decades. This investigation probes what and, by extension, when and where, rewilding refers to as it has moved into various geographies across the globe. It then examines how the term has moved outside of science and been adopted by environmental activists as a plastic word. Taken as a whole, rewilding discourse seeks to erase human history and involvement with the land and flora and fauna. Such an attempted split between nature and culture may prove unproductive and even harmful. A more inclusive rewilding is a preferable strategy.

  • 99.
    Kangassalo, Raija
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Finska.
    Mellenius, IngmarieUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    Låt mig ha kvar mitt språk / Antakaa minun pitää kieleni: den tredje SUKKA-rapporten / kolmas SUKKA-raportti2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Kantola, Leila
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    van Gompel, Roger P G
    Between- and within-language priming is the same: evidence for shared bilingual syntactic representations2011In: Memory & Cognition, ISSN 0090-502X, E-ISSN 1532-5946, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 276-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two structural-priming experiments investigated how bilinguals represent syntactic structures. According to the shared-syntax account (Hartsuiker, Pickering, & Veltkamp, 2004), bilinguals have a single syntactic representation for structures that exist in both languages, whereas separate-syntax accounts claim that the representations for these structures are language specific. Our experiments tested native speakers of Swedish who were highly proficient in English. The results showed that structural priming within language and between languages was equally strong. This indicates that representations of syntactic structures from different languages are shared and, therefore, supports the shared-syntax account.

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