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  • 51.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemisk och –fysikalisk analys av stratigrafier från Rickomberga, Raä 499, Uppsala sn, Uppland2015Report (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemisk undersökning av en stensättning i Hjulsta, Raä Spånga 96:1, Stockholms kommun, Uppland2018Report (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemiska analyser från MOE 00482, Langvang II, Randers købstad, Randers kommune, Danmark.2016Report (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemiska- och fysikaliska analyser av prover från Raä 1488, Kville sn., Tanums kommun, Bohuslän.2017Report (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemiska undersökningar och växtmakrofossilanalys vid Holtebråten-Tusse HT3, Frogn kommune, Akershus fylke, Norge. Teknisk rapport2016Report (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av markkarteringar vid Ørland kampflybase, Ørland Kommune, Sør-Trøndelag fylke, Norge2016Report (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Utplock och identifikation av material för 14C-analys. Raä 140, Torrlösa sn., Skåne2017Report (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Utplock och identifikation av material för 14C-analys. Raä 22:1, Stångby sn., Skåne2017Report (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Utplock och identifikation av material för 14C-analys. Raä 5:1, Bjällerup sn., Skåne2017Report (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Ahlqvist, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Makrofossilanalys av 22 st prover från Kv. Vingpennan, Raä 256, Jönköping sn, Småland2017Report (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Hellsten, Tone
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemiska analyser från Gjaerlu, Riksvei 3/25. Teknisk rapport.2016Report (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Markkemisk och –fysikalisk analys av jordprover från Källviken, Skee socken, Bohuslän2015Report (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemiska och –fysikaliska analyser av jordprover från lokal 141996, Nore Sunde gnr 41, Stavanger kommune, Rogaland, Norge.2017Report (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemisk och –fysikalisk analys av jordprover från Gørløsegård, MNS50090,  Hillerød Kommune, Danmark2015Report (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, Jan-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemiska analyser från ett område med odlingsrösen, Österåker sn, RAÄ 120 & 125, Vingåkers kommun, Södermanlands län.2016Report (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemiska undersökningar av avrättningsplatser i Gävleborgs län2018Report (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jordprover från Grebbestad, Raä 2319,Tanums sn, Bohuslän2015Report (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Teknisk rapport: vattensållning och markkemisk analys av anläggningsprover från RAÄ 1885, Tanum sn, Bohuslän2015Report (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Johansson, Pontus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jordprover från Vinoret, Raä 205:2, Tuna sn, Medelpad2014Report (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, Jan-Erik
    Pollenlaboratoriet, Umeå.
    Miljöarkeologisk analys av prover från en boplats med årderspår och odlingsmiljöer. Raä 387, Jörlanda sn., Bohuslän2018Report (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Ermeland, Adelina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Järnålderns nycklar och deras symbolik: Variationer och likheter i skandinaviskt gravskick2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Opinions about the symbolic value of the iron age keys found in graves differ amongst archaeologists. Keys found in graves have during a long time and amongst several archaeologists been seen as an expression of women's power over the households.

    This paper highlights some examples of other interpretations of the iron age keys found in burials. It also highlights the differences and similarities amongst keys found within Scandinavia. The amount of and the contexts of keys found in Öland and the Mälardal region in Sweden are compared with papers about keys found in Gotland, Denmark and Norway. The main purpose of this paper is to put the iron age key in a bigger context by looking at the gender and the age of the individual buried with a key and to search for other contexts that connects the graves in Sweden, Norway and Denmark. This will make it able to understand the object's symbolism.

    The keys are found in different types of burials during the time 0-1050 A.D. Of a total amount of 759 burials dated to 0-1050 A.D. in Öland only seven keys are found in seven burials. In Mälardalen 99 keys are found, the total amount of studied burials in the area are 1572. The keys are only found in female burials in Denmark and in both female and male burials in Sweden and Norway. In Sweden they also occur in children burials. These graves' denominator is that they contain keys; the type of burial, as well as grave gifts, may vary.

    My thesis is that keys may have had different values in different geografic places where the cultural values differed. I believe that one have to put the iron age key in an bigger context to be able to understand its true meaning and that the tradition and symbolic purpose behind putting keys in graves differ from area to area.

    My opinion is that the interpretation of the key as a symbol of women's power over the household is a result of traditional opinions about gender where women belonged to the private sphere, the household, and the men belonged to the public sphere. I argue that the keys may have had a christian symbolic value in some areas, and that they also could symbolise social, but not necessarily economic, status.

  • 72. Geladi, Paul
    et al.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Alternative ways of achieving nearinfrared information in field images: a tentative approach2015In: NIR news, ISSN 0960-3360, E-ISSN 1756-2708, Vol. 26, no 8, p. 7-10Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Commercial digital cameras can be converted into a tool for NIR field multivariate imaging. Results obtained using such a tool are far less sophisticated than those obtained by NIR spectrometers or hyperspectral imagers but they may often be useful enough for making quick conclusions during field work.

  • 73.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Archaeobotanical analysis of plantmacrofossil material from VKH 7087,Kristinebjerg Øst etape 4, Vejle Amt, East Jutland, Denmark2013Report (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Arkeobotanisk analys av prover från den vikingatida boplatsen RAÄ Råda 101, Lidköpings kommun, Västergötland2011Report (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Arkeobotanisk analys av prover från RAÄ 446:2-3 och 63:1-2, Tossene sn, Bohuslän2011Report (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Arkeobotanisk analys av prover från förundersökning av Nyköping 231:1, Nyköpings kommun, Södermanlands län2011Report (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Arkeobotanisk analys av prover från förundersökning av RAAÄ86, Tornbjörntorp, Falköpings kommun, Västergötland2011Report (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Arkeobotanisk och markkemisk/geofysisk analys av prover från Raä 22, Ytterby sn, Västra Götalands Län (JÅ)2010Report (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Arkeologisk Kursundersökning av RAÄ 158 Ådals-Lidens sn. 20052005Report (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Cereal cultivation in east-central Jutland during the Iron Age, 500 BC–AD 11002013In: Danish Journal of Archeology, ISSN 2166-2290, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 164-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims at presenting a cereal cultivation history for the Iron Age (500 BC–AD 1100) in east-central Jutland (Vejle and Århus County). The developments in cereal cultivation are presented based on recent investigations of material from the Iron Age sites of Gedved Vest and Kristinebjerg Øst, as well as a compilation of 10 previously analysed sites.The combined data show that barley (Hordeum vulgare) was the dominant cereal throughout the period, with a seemingly rapid shift from naked barley (Hordeum vulgare var nudum) to hulled barley (Hordeum vulgare var vulgare) around the year 1 BC/AD. Rye (Secale cereale) is present in archaeobotanical assemblages throughout the period, but secure evidence of its cultivation exist only from the end of the second century AD onward. From the fourth century AD onward, the record indicates that rye may have been utilised as a dominant crop alongside barley.The cultivation of subdominant cereals, hulled wheats (Triticum dicoccum/spelta/monococcum), naked bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) and oat (Avena sativa), is also discussed. A reappearance of naked barley during the fourth to sixth century AD is also elaborated upon.Agricultural strategies are assessed based on the material and an interpretation is put forward that cultivation from the fifth century BC to at least the third century AD took place on manured, spring sown fields, which were slowly rotated between cultivation and fallow. The shift toward crop-rotation of barley and rye is also investigated

  • 81.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Cereal husbandry and settlement: Expanding archaeobotanical perspectives on the southern Scandinavian Iron Age2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The here presented PhD project explores the phenomenon of cereal cultivation during the Iron Age (c. 500 BC – AD 1100) in southern Scandinavia. The main body of the thesis consists of four articles. These were written with the aim to identify chronological, geographical, theoretical and methodological gaps in current research, to develop, apply and evaluate approaches to how new knowledge on Iron Age cereal cultivation can be attained, and to assess the interaction between archaeobotany and other specialisms currently used in settlement archaeology. The introduction section of the thesis also contains a historical overview of archaeobotanical research on cereal cultivation in southern Scandinavia.

    The first article is a compilation and summary of all available previously performed  archaeobotanical investigations in southern Sweden. This data is compared and discussed in relation to similar publications in Denmark and smaller scale compilations previously published in Sweden. The main result of the study is an updated and enhanced understanding of the main developments in the investigation area and a deepened knowledge of local development chronologies and trajectories in different parts of southern Sweden.

    The second article is a methodological presentation of a multiproxy analysis combining plant macrofossil analysis, phosphate analysis, magnetic susceptibility analysis and measurement of soil organic matter by loss on ignition. The applicability of the method for identification and delineation of space functions on southern Scandinavian Iron Age sites is discussed and illustrated by two case studies from the Danish site of Gedved Vest. Particular focus is placed on exploration of the use of the functional analysis for assessment of taphonomic and operational contexts of carbonised plant macrofossil assemblages.

    The third article aims at presenting an Iron Age cereal cultivation history for east-central Jutland, an area identified at the outset of the project as under-represented in archaeobotanical studies. The article combines data from depth analyses of material from the sites of Gedved Vest and Kristinebjerg Øst (analysed with the methods and theory presented in the second article) with a compilation of previously performed archaeobotanical analyses from east-central Jutland. The main results of the study are that developments in the study area appear to follow a chronology similar to that previously observed on Funen rather than the rest of the peninsula. Rye cultivation is furthermore discussed as more dynamic and flexible than previously presented in Scandinavian archaeobotanical literature.

    The fourth and final article leaves archaeobotany as the main topic. It focuses instead on evaluating, theorising and expanding the multiproxy method presented in the second article by a thorough comparison of the botanical, geochemical and geophysical methods to other techniques of functional analysis currently used in archaeology. These techniques include studies of artefact distributions, assessments of spatial relations between settlement features, and studies of the structural details of dwellings and other constructions. The main result is that there is a correspondence between the functional indications provided by botanical, geochemical and geophysical methods and techniques used in mainstream archaeology. The comparison furthermore shows that a combination of the two data sets allows for more highly resolved functional interpretations than if they are used separately.

    The main conclusion of the PhD thesis, based on the discussions in all four articles, is that archaeobotanical questions commonly necessitate the assessment of non-botanical archaeological material. The comparison of archaeobotanical data to other segments of the archaeological record does, however, enable the use of the former as an archaeological resource for addressing non-botanical questions. The increased understanding of (mainly settlement) site dynamics resulting from this integration of methods allows archaeobotanists to address increasingly complex botanical questions. Increased and more structured integration between archaeobotany and other specialisms operating within the framework of settlement archaeology is therefore argued to be the preferred approach to performing both high quality archaeobotany and settlement archaeology.

  • 82.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Changes in cereal cultivation during the Iron Age in southern Sweden: a compilation and interpretation of the archaeobotanical material2011In: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, ISSN 0939-6314, E-ISSN 1617-6278, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 479-494Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Macrofossil data from 73 sites dating to the south Swedish Iron Age (500 b.c.-a.d. 1100) have been compiled and analyzed in order to elucidate long term changes in cereal cultivation. The analyses indicate that “permanent field” agriculture was established at the end of the Bronze Age utilizing Hordeum vulgare var vulgare as a primary crop and Triticum aestivum ssp vulgare/compactum, Triticum spelta/dicoccum/monococcum, Avena sativa and Secale cereale as secondary crops. An observed change towards the end of Roman Iron Age (1-a.d. 400) is the expansion of Secale cereale and Avena sativa cultivation. Evidence also suggests that winter sowing of the former commenced at the latest during the eighth, ninth and tenth centuries a.d. The introduction of winter sowing possibly coincided with the establishment of crop rotation agriculture. During most of the Iron Age southern Sweden displays significant regional variations with regards to cereal cultivation practice. There is however evidence that a more homogenous agriculture appeared across the investigated area from the beginning of the Viking Age (a.d. 800-1100) onwards.

  • 83.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Fulachta Fiadh in County Cavan: A study of the use of archaeobotanical, geochemical and geophysical methods on burnt mounds in County Cavan, Ireland2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at investigating whether archaeobotanical investigations, combined with geochemical (phosphate) and geophysical (magnetic susceptibility) soil surveys, can provide valid data concerning the functional aspects of several burnt mounds detected in County Cavan, Ireland, during the realignment of a local road (N3 between Cavan Town and Belturbet). The results show that the methods can indeed be used to gain data concerning the formation, use and post-depositional aspects governing the nature of these sites. With the exception of one site (which is proven by the analyses not to represent “traditional” burnt mound activities) the sites display indications of animal produce processing as well as some sparse evidence for cereal based activities. The results are not entirely conclusive but indicate that an extended archaeobotanical, geochemical and geophysical investigation coupled with further analyses with methods belonging to environmental archaeology (such as palynology and insect analysis) may potentially be very useful in providing comprehensive information concerning the function of burnt mound sites in County Cavan and Ireland in general.

  • 84.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Identification and delineation of settlement space functions in the south Scandinavian Iron Age: theoretical perspectives and practical approaches2014In: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), E-ISSN 2001-1199, no 12, p. 1-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an overview of methods used in south Scandinavian ar-chaeology for identification and delineation of settlement space functions. The overview includes commonly utilised archaeological approaches, such as arte-fact distribution studies and inferences based on assessment of house and set-tlement morphologies, as well as archaeobotanical, geochemical and geophysi-cal approaches to functional analysis. The theoretical potential and limitations of each presented functional parameter are outlined and thereafter applied and compared using material from five case study sites in east-central Jutland, Hal-land and Bohuslän. The presentation of the site of Gedved Vest in east-central Jutland also incorporates a comparison of two common approaches to geo-chemical sampling: 1) sampling and analysis of soil retrieved from feature fills, and 2) horizontal sampling of soil from the interface between the topsoil (A/Ap) and the subsoil (C) - horizons along a pre-determined grid.

  • 85.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Makrofossilanalys av prover från Raä 27, Tynderö Sn, Timrå Kommun, Medelpad2011Report (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologisk analys av prover från forskningsundersökning av RAÄ34, Västra Bitterna, Vara kommun, Västergötland2011Report (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av provmaterial från Askim 290, Askims sn, Västra Götalands Län2010Report (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av provmaterial från Fors 143, E45 Trollhättan, Västra Götalands Län2010Report (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyserav ett prov från RAÄ Skeby 46, Götene kommun, Västergötland2010Report (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    N3 Butler’s Bridge – Belturbet: Geophysical, geochemical and archaeobotanical analyses of burnt mounds and accociated features2008Report (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Phosphate and magnetic susceptibility analyses of samples from a German second world war POW-camp at Sværholt, Finnmark Fylke, Norway: complement to report 2012-001, addition of results from excavation season 20132013Report (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Phosphate, MS and macrofossil analyses of samples from a German second world war POW-camp at Sværholt, Finnmark Fylke, Norway2012Report (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Uppåkra: environmental archaeology and Iron Age settlement in southern Sweden2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 94.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Functional interpretation of Iron Age longhouses at Gedved Vest, East Jutland, Denmark: multiproxy analysis of house functionality as a way of evaluating carbonised botanical assemblages2014In: Archaeological and Anthropological Science, ISSN 1866-9565, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 329-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe a methodology for defining functional spaces within south Scandinavian Iron Age longhouses using a multiproxy application of archaeobotanical (carbonised plant macrofossil), geochemical (phosphate, loss on ignition) and geophysical (magnetic susceptibility) analyses. The applicability of the methods is illustrated by two case studies from the site of Gedved Vest, eastern Jutland, Denmark. The approach is described and evaluated from an archaeobotanical perspective, discussing its possible implications for interpretation of carbonised plant assemblages from Iron Age settlement contexts. Possible implications to archaeology beyond the scope of archaeobotany are also discussed

  • 95.
    Grabowski, Radoslaw
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Olsen, Bjørnar
    Tromsø Universitet.
    Petursdottir, Þora
    Witmore, Christopher
    Teillager 6 Sværholt: The Archaeology of a World War II Prisoner of War Camp in Finnmark, Arctic Norway2014In: Fennoscandia Archaeologica, ISSN 0781-7126, Vol. 31, p. 3-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results of fieldwork undertaken over the last four summers at a World War II prisoner of war camp at Sværholt in northernmost Norway. The labour camp for Soviet prisoners was established in 1942 as part of the construction of the German coastal battery at Sværholt, a fortification within the Atlantic Wall. In late fall 1944 the camp, the coastal fort, and the local Norwegian hamlet were abandoned and destroyed in step with the massive and abrupt German retreat from this northern region. This paper describes the remains of the camp and the coastal fort, as still manifest in the barren landscape, and presents in detail the findings of excavations and associated investigations conducted in the camp area. Analysing these findings, particular emphasis is placed on the question of what an archaeological approach can divulge concerning the camp, its construction and conditions, and the ‘trivial’ details of everyday life often passed over by historical accounts. Ultimately, we suggest that the things found challenge our common assumptions about the relationship between prisoners, guards, and locals, and further discuss to what extent the forced encounter at Sværholt also may have included some measures of sympathy within the yet hostile context of war and occupation.

  • 96.
    Hammers, Neeke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Archaeobotanical analysis of the Viking Age site Heimdalsjordet, Gokstad, Norway: A comparative study to species compositions and differences in preservation in south Scandinavia during the Viking Age2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the plant macrofossil remains from the site Heimdalsjordet, nearby the Gokstad ship burial, are analysed on their species compositions and their relation to the depositional and preser- vational context. The majority of the botanical samples from this site have been derived from un- specified ditches, and the main means of preservation was carbonisation. This has yielded a high quantity of cereal grains, predominantly barley, and a fairly small weed assemblage.The results of this site are compared to the botanical assemblages from various other Viking Age sites in south Scandinavia. By comparing the material from Gokstad to the material found at the other sites, sometimes preserved under different conditions, it is possible to establish patterns in site func- tion and the place of the site within a bigger network of trade and import. Furthermore are the re- sults of the Scandinavian sites compared to a Dutch site, Dorestad, to get a view on the Viking Age on continental Europe.The analyses have showed that the plant macrofossil assemblage is not specifically rich, as compared to other sites, such as Hedeby and Kaupang. This lower diversity can be the result of various factors, including the position of the site in trade networks as well as the preservation conditions at the sites. Whereas the samples from Heimdalsjordet have been preserved by carbonisation, Hedeby and Kau- pang yielded samples that were derived from waterlogged contexts, such as wells and latrines.

  • 97.
    Hammers, Neeke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Exotic imports, economic plants and local flora at Härbärget, Göteborg: A comparison with contemporaneous sites in continental Europe2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 98.
    Hristova, Ivanka
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Nikov, Krassimir
    Marinova, Elena
    De Cupere, Bea
    Dimitrova, Yana
    Iliev, Stanislav
    Popov, Hristo
    Food supply and disposal of food remains at Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Ada Tepe:Bioarchaeological aspects of food production,processing and consumption2018In: Social Dimensions of Food in the Prehistoric Balkans / [ed] Maria Ivanova, Bogdan Athanassov, Vanya Petrova, Desislava Takorova and Philipp W. Stockhammer, Oxbow Books, 2018, p. 278-299Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The site Ada Tepe situated in Eastern Rhodope Mountains (South Bulgaria) represents an unique gold mining complex continuously occupied from Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age. The excavations of the site revealed apart of the extensive mining activities also settlement layers bearing diverse evidence on the ancient food supply of the gold mining complex. As food represents a basic human need and cultural and technological innovations related with the metallurgy often influenced the subsistence and caused shifts in diet of the ancient population. In this paper we would like to explore such changes and shifts based on the available archaeological and archaeobotanical evidence from Ada Tepe. To achieve this the ceramic inventory of the found buildings is evaluated in terms of their meaning for food preparation and consumption. This evidence is crosschecked with the archaeobotanical evidence of disposed at the archaeological structures remains of cultivated plants, processed plant products (like porridge and bread remains) and such with possible imported character (like figs).

  • 99.
    Hristova, Ivanka
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Popov, Hristo
    Marinova, Elena
    Iliev, Stanislav
    Plant food from the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age hilltop site Kush Kaya, Eastern Rhodope Mountains, Bulgaria: Insights on tha cooking practices2018In: Social Dimensions of Food in the Prehistoric Balkans / [ed] Maria Ivanova, Bogdan Athanassov, Vanya Petrova, Desislava Takorova and Philipp W. Stockhammer, Oxbow Books, 2018, p. 263-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Hristova, Ivanka
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Valamoti, Soultana Maria
    Marinova, Elena
    Gkatzogia, Evgenia
    Iron Age Cultural Interactions, Plant Subsistence and Land Use in Southeastern Europe Inferred from Archaeobotanical Evidence of Greece and Bulgaria2018In: Archaeology Across Frontiersand Borderlands: Fragmentation and Connectivityin the North Aegean and the Central Balkansfrom the Bronze Age to the Iron Age / [ed] Stefanos Gimatzidis, Magda Pieniążek, Sila Mangaloğlu-Votruba, Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences , 2018, Vol. 9, p. 455p. 269-290Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper brings together old and new archaeobotanical evidence from 20 archaeological sites from Iron Age contexts spanning from the end of the 2nd millennium BC up to the end of the 4th century BC in northern Greece and southern Bulgaria. The sites are Karabournaki, Thessaloniki Toumba and Polichni in central Macedonia in northern Greece and Bresto, Malenovo, Dolno Cherkovishte, Kapitan Andreevo, Svilengrad and Dana Bunar in the region of south Bulgaria. A variety of cereals and pulses, already cultivated since Neolithic and Bronze Age times, are identified as potential culinary ingredients in both regions, yet the list of crops from northern Greece includes a wider diversity than that from the Bulgarian sites, especially regarding the fruit remains. Continuities and discontinuities of plant ingredients in space and time are discussed in relation to potential taphonomic biases. This new evidence from the region indicates that during the Iron Age this part of southeastern Europe shared common traditions in terms of the plant species consumed, with some differences already visible during the Late Bronze Age.

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