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  • 51.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning i framtiden2005In: Igår, idag, imorgon: samerna, politiken och vetenskapen / [ed] Peter Sköld och Per Axelsson, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2005, p. 15-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning vid Umeå universitet2009In: Thule: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundets Årsbok 2009 / [ed] Roger Jacobsson, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2009, p. 187-2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Skönheten och odjuret: smittkoppor och giftermålsmönster i Sverige2004In: Befolkningshistoriska perspektiv: festskrift till Lars-Göran Tedebrand / [ed] Redaktionskommitté Anders Brändström, Sören Edvinsson, Tom Ericsson och Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, p. 119-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    The Health Transition: A Challenge to Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic2017In: The Interconnected Arctic: UArctic Congress 2016, Springer, 2017, p. 107-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Good health and well-being is one of the most important sustainability goals of today. Unfortunately the goal faces many challenges that show an uneven distribution of health improvements, and of life-expectancy. This is a global problem, but also a specific threat to vast parts of the Arctic. Furthermore there is a strong correlation between climate change and health risks. On top of these challenges are disfavoured indigenous peoples, globally and in the Arctic. This chapter deals with health encounters in the North, with a focus on the Swedish health care organization, Sami health and research efforts.

  • 55.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    The Man Who Came Down a Mountain: The Sámi in Karesuando and Roland Bonaparte2008In: Looking North. : Representations of Sámi in Visual Arts and Literature / [ed] Heidi Hansson and Jan-Erik Lundström, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2008, p. 165-173Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    The meeting of the Social and Human Working Group of IASC (SHWG)2018In: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 422-424Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    The two faces of culture: Sami participation during the European Capital of Culture 2014 project2015In: Under the same sun: parallel issues and mutual challenges for San and Sami peoples and research / [ed] Peter Sköld, Moa Sandström and Maiseo Bolaane, Umeå: Vaartoe/Centre for Sami Research (CeSam), Umeå University , 2015, p. 51-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    The two faces of smallpox: a disease and its prevention in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Sweden1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the history of smallpox in Sweden between 1750 and 1900 and the two preventive measures that were used against it: inoculation during the eighteenth and vaccination during the nineteenth Century. Between 1750 and 1800 300,000 children died from smallpox in Sweden. During the nineteenth Century smallpox death rates decreased considerably and by the end of the Century the disease was very rare. The purpose of this study has been to examine the occurrence of smallpox at local, regional and national levels and to explain the changes in the light of general models of the epidemiologic transition. Smallpox mortality has been analyzed by demographic variables such as age, sex, and social class. The adaptation and practise of inoculation and vaccination has been examined by using a model of preventive health care behaviour.

    When smallpox mortality decreased sharply at the beginning of the nineteenth century, a greater proportion of adults were represented. More men than women died. Due to diminished immunity most of those who were vaccinated became susceptible about ten years later. There is only a slight tendency that smallpox impaired a persons fertility. Sterility, however, often resulted from an infection. Disfiguring facial pockmarks were also a serious complication of smallpox infection. Those who had been infected from smallpox married later in life than those who were susceptible or vaccinated.

    Inoculation was never widely accepted in eighteenth-century Sweden since a fatalistic attitude did not encourage preventive measures. The physicians monopoly and a general lack of organization were other important impediments. Vaccination was successfully implemented in 1802 and became the single most important factor for the decrease in smallpox mortality. By employing the clergy and allowing everyone to practise vaccination a great majority of the new-born were immunized. Vaccination rates were raised further when the method was made compulsory in 1816. Since there were no risks involved and after experiencing the advantages of vaccination during smallpox epidemics the inhabitants of Sweden were easily to persuaded of its benefits. By then smallpox had changed from a fatal killer to a rare disease.

  • 59.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Urfolk i norr: samisk forskning vid Umeå universitet2013In: Umeå 1314-2014: 100 berättelser om 700 år / [ed] Lars-Gunnar Olsson och Susanne Haugen; Lars-Erik Edlund & Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2013, p. 321-324Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Utveckling, anpassning och konflikt: samerna och rennäringen i Sverige i ljuset av politiska, sociala och ekonomiska förändringar2011In: Jordbruk och skogsbruk i Sverige sedan år 1900: studier av de areella näringarnas geografi och historia / [ed] Hans Antonsson och Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2011, p. 452-467Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Vid foten av fjället: forskning om samernas historia och samhälle2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Axelsson, PerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Igår, idag, imorgon: Samerna, politiken och vetenskapen2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Inledning2005In: Igår, idag, imorgon: Samerna, politiken och vetenskapen, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2005, p. 7-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning – eftersatt och efterfrågad2006In: tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 18-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I den senaste forskningspropositionen Forskning för ett bättre liv, konstateras att det är ”av stor vikt att olika grenar av den samerelaterade forskningen i ökad utsträckning samverkar och att det skapas former för bredare samverkan mellan olika forskningsdiscipliner för att nå synergieffekter”. Det är både glädjande och betydelsefullt att man från regeringens sida tar upp och diskuterar framtiden för den samiska forskningen i ett brett perspektiv. Likaså betonar regeringens urfolksdelegation i sin slutrapport, som lämnades i mars 2005, att det existerar ett stort behov av en utökad forskning med samisk tematik. Det är faktiskt så att beslutsfattare, forskare, lärare, politiker, tjänstemän, och åtskilliga andra inom såväl det svenska som det samiska samhället många gånger saknar tillräcklig kunskap för att kunna hantera de ärenden som berör de samiska frågorna. Därtill finns en generellt begränsad och ofta stereotyp bild av samerna och deras samhälle bland svenskar i allmänhet.

    Denna lakun är en stor och viktig utmaning för den akademiska forskningen. I föreliggande artikel har vi för avsikt att visa på de stora möjligheter (och i viss mån begränsningar) som forskning med samisk tematik erbjuder. Det finns en påtagligt hög samhällsrelevans, både i ett nationellt och i ett samiskt perspektiv. Då den samiska befolkningen är en erkänd ursprungsbefolkning öppnar därtill forskning med samisk tematik väldigt många dörrar ut mot en betydande internationell arena. Etnicitet, kolonisation, miljöfrågor och många andra områden som berör ursprungsbefolkningar över hela världen, har en inneboende kapacitet att berika åtskilliga ämnesdiscipliner.

  • 65.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning i Sverige och frågan om urfolkens sårbarhet2006In: Fredrikke: Organ fo FoU-publikasjoner, ISSN 1501-6889, no 7, p. 23-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    The northern population development: colonization, and mortality in Swedish Sápmi 1786-18952008In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 67, no 1, p. 29-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sami mortality shows great fluctuations during the period 1776-1815, almost always peaking at higher rates than in the rest of Sweden. The non-Sami group had lower mortality rates compared to both Sweden as a whole and the Sami in the parish. Between 1856 and 1895 the non-Sami reduction of mortality was very small, while the Sami experienced an improved development. Significant differences in age-specific mortality appear when the South and North Sami are compared, where the South Sami had far lower child mortality rates.

  • 67.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Karlsson, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Smith, Len
    Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
    Infant mortality of Sami and settlers in Northern Sweden: the era of colonization 1750–19002011In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 4, p. 8441-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study deals with infant mortality (IMR) that is one of the most important aspects of indigenous vulnerability. Background: The Sami are one of very few indigenous peoples with an experience of a positive mortality transition. Objective: Using unique mortality data from the period 1750-1900 Sami and the colonizers in northern Sweden are compared in order to reveal an eventual infant mortality transition. Findings: The results show ethnic differences with the Sami having higher IMR, although the differences decrease over time. There were also geographical and cultural differences within the Sami, with significantly lower IMR among the South Sami. Generally, parity has high explanatory value, where an increased risk is noted for children born as number five or higher among siblings. Conclusion: There is a striking trend of decreasing IMR among the Sami after 1860, which, however, was not the result of professional health care. Other indigenous peoples of the Arctic still have higher mortality rates, and IMR below 100 was achieved only after 1950 in most countries. The decrease in Sami infant mortality was certainly an important factor in their unique health transition, but the most significant change occurred after 1900.

  • 68.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Lantto, PatrikUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Den komplexa kontinenten: staterna på Nordkalotten och samerna i ett historiskt perspektiv2000Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Lantto, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Preface2000In: Den komplexa kontinenten: staterna på Nordkalotten och samerna i ett historiskt perspektiv / [ed] Sköld, Peter & Lantto, Patrik, Umeå: Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet , 2000, p. 7-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Moen, Jon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Introduction: conflicts over natural resources: causes, consequences, and solutions2012In: Rivers to cross: Sami land use and the human dimension / [ed] Peter Sköld & Krister Stoor, Umeå: Vaartoe, Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 7-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Nordin, Gabriella
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Metodologiska utmaningar vid studier av urfolk i en nordisk kontext2015In: City-Saami: Same i byen eller bysame? Skandinaviske byer i et samisk perspektiv / [ed] Paul Pedersen & Torill Nyseth, Kárášjohka: ČálliidLágádusas , 2015, p. 31-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 72.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Riseth, Jan Åge
    Förord2007In: Renskötseln är mitt liv: Analys av den samiska renskötselns ekonomiska anpassning / [ed] Åsa Nordin, Centrum för Samisk forskning , 2007, p. 17-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sandström, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Bolaane, Maitseo
    Epilogue2015In: Under the same sun: parallel issues and mutual challenges for San and Sami peoples and research / [ed] Peter Sköld, Moa Sandström and Maiseo Bolaane, Umeå: Vaartoe/Centre for Sami Research (CeSam), Umeå University , 2015, p. 193-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sandström, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Bolaane, Maitseo
    Introduction2015In: Under the same sun: parallel issues and mutual challenges for San and Sami peoples and research / [ed] Peter Sköld, Moa Sandström and Maiseo Bolaane, Umeå: Vaartoe/Centre for Sami Research (CeSam), Umeå University , 2015, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sandström, MoaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.Bolaane, Maitseo
    Under the same sun: parallel issues and mutual challenges for San and Sami peoples and research2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Stoor, KristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Långa perspektiv: samisk forskning & traditionell forskning2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Sköld, Peter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Stoor, KristerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Rivers to cross: Sami land use and the human dimension2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Tedebrand, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Introduction2001In: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, p. 11-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Ziker, John
    et al.
    Boise State Unviersity, USA .
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Anderson, David
    University of Tromsö.
    Indigenous peoples and demography2010In: Anthropology News, ISSN 1541-6151, E-ISSN 1556-3502, Vol. 51, no 5, p. 10-12Article in journal (Other academic)
12 51 - 79 of 79
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