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  • 51.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Larsson, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Miljand, Matilda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Knowledge, policy, and expertise: the UK Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution 1970-2011, by Susan Owens, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 20152016Ingår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 761-763Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 52.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mertz, Ole
    University of Copenhagen.
    Liljeblom, Eva
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Helmersson-Bergmark, Karin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Mitchell, Jon
    University of Sussex.
    Vestergaard, Niels
    University of Southern Denmark.
    Evaluation of the Social Sciences in Norway: Report from the Principal Evaluation Committee2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the evaluation of Social Science research in Norway (SAMEVAL) was to review the present state of social science research in Norway as a basis for recommendations on the future development of research. The evaluation covered six research areas: geography, economics, political science, sociology, social anthropology and the economic-administrative research area. It included 3005 social scientists in total and 42 institutions, both 27 faculties/departments at universities and university colleges, and 15 publicly financed social science research institutes. The evaluation further comprised 136 research groups within those institutions.

    Based on the six disciplinary evaluation reports, the principal committee finds that a large number of institutions and research groups are performing well across the social sciences, above the Nordic and OECD averages in terms of the bibliometric analysis (Damvad 2017). A high proportion of the research groups evaluated are performing very well. The distribution of scientific grades is rather even among the six evaluated disciplines, and centred around the two grades good and very good, but with Social Anthropology and Economics performing particularly well compared to international standards. Still, there is an opportunity to get much more out of the social science research, to make further international impact, advance theoretical debates and develop critical thinking. The principal committee therefore calls for striking a better balance between basic and applied research. For institutions with high levels of core funding, this might involve directly allocating core funding to basic research. Elsewhere, more funding might be allocated to ‘free research’ in pursuit of more theoretically driven research as formulated by the researchers themselves rather than steered by programmatic topics.

    All of the panels were struck by the large number of institutions pursuing social science research, spread extensively over the country, with many research units separated even within a particular region. Creating critical mass of disciplinary research in rather small research groups and/or multidisciplinary environments therefore constitutes a considerable challenge. Various forms of national as well as international networking and collaboration within the disciplines is therefore imperative. The situation also calls for more strategic thought both by the Government and by the respective institutions as to who should do what, and how this might be sufficiently funded. In addition, the principal committee suggests that the PhD education could be strengthened by national coordination given the small numbers of disciplinary PhD students in almost all environments except the Oslo region.

    Interdisciplinary research is a strong feature of the Norwegian research landscape as compared with many other countries. Partly, this could be a reaction to the stronger emphasis on strategic and/or thematic research but it is also likely a response to resolving the issue of many small social science environments. While the strong interdisciplinary research is a considerable asset, there are also associated risks in how to assure sufficient disciplinary depth and methodological innovation in such research.

    The SAMEVAL evaluation called for assessing societal relevance and impact of social science research. However, a majority of institutions reported largely their dissemination activities, rather than the relevance and impact for different societal actors, suggesting that the methods and application of such assessments need to be further discussed and developed. Overall, however, there is no doubt that Norwegian social science has considerable relevance for a large range of public and private societal actors and activities, and that a large number of ‘good practice’ research impact cases were displayed by the social science institutions.

  • 53.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Munthe, John
    Svenska Miljöinstitutet IVL.
    Westholm, Erik
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Buus Kristensen, Niels
    Danmarks Tekniske Universitet.
    Spilling, Olav R.
    Nordisk institutt for studier av innovasjon, forskning og utdanning (NIFU).
    Heiskanen, Anna-Stiina
    Finlands Miljöcentral, Havscentret.
    Solberg, Espen
    Nordisk institutt for studier av innovasjon, forskning og utdanning (NIFU).
    Miljøinstituttene i Norge: Hovedrapport2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Norges forskningsråd har startet en omfattende evaluering av alle forskningsinstitutter som er underlagt Retningslinjer for statlig basisfinansiering. Denne evalueringen er den første i denne runden, og omfatter de åtte instituttene som utgjør miljøarenaen i basisfinansieringssystemet.

    Utvalget har både vurdert instituttene enkeltvis og sett på det samlede systemet som instituttene inngår i. Hensikten med evalueringen har både vært å gi råd for utforming av nasjonal instituttpolitikk, gi grunnlag for videre utvikling av Forskningsrådets virkemidler og å være til nytte for instituttene selv i deres eget utviklings- og strategiarbeid.

    Arbeidet med evalueringen har pågått fra mai 2014 til april 2015. I løpet av denne tiden har utvalget hatt fem møter, hvorav én samling hvor utvalget møtte alle instituttene. Som bakgrunn for evalueringen har utvalget hatt instituttenes egenevalueringer, en egen brukerundersøkelse, en faktarapport samt en rekke opplysninger som er skaffet til veie underveis ved hjelp av Forskningsrådet og Nordisk institutt for studier av innovasjon, forskning og utdanning (NIFU). NIFU har også vært sekretær for arbeidet ved forskningsleder Espen Solberg.

    Evalueringen har bygget på et bredt mandat, som har omfattet en gjennomgang av instituttenes roller, formål og oppgaver, deres rammevilkår, instituttenes samspill og samarbeid, relevans for brukerne samt fremtidige utfordringer og muligheter. Det har vært en meget interessant men også krevende oppgave å dekke disse dimensjonene for en så heterogen gruppe av institutter. Arbeidet har også vist at instituttene har et sterkt fokus på strategisk utvikling og tilpasning til nye utfordringer og muligheter. Utvalget håper at evalueringen vil bidra med verdifulle perspektiver til disse prosessene, og at den vil utgjøre et nyttig kunnskapsgrunnlag for både instituttene, Forskningsrådet, departementer og øvrige myndigheter på feltet.

    Evalueringsutvalget vil rette en spesiell takk til de åtte miljøinstituttene for den innsatsen da har lagt ned i egenevalueringene og for svært interessante og nyttige samtaler under utvalgets møter med instituttene. Utvalget vil også takke Forskningsrådet for utmerket tilrettelegging gjennom hele prosessen samt til NIFU for et godt samarbeid om utformingen av rapporten og sammenfatningen av materialet fra evalueringen.

    Evalueringen er utarbeidet i fellesskap og er enstemmig.

  • 54.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Nilsson, Måns
    Gerger-Swartling, Åsa
    Söderberg, Charlotta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Institutional analysis of energy and agriculture2007Ingår i: Environmental policy integration in practice: shaping institutions for learning / [ed] Måns Nilsson och Katarina Eckerberg, London: Earthscan , 2007, s. 111-136Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 55.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statsvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Måns
    Persson, Åsa
    Environmental policy integration and changes in governance in Swedish energy and agriculture policy over two decades2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 56.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Preface to forest conflicts: a growing research field2013Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 33, s. 3-7Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 57.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Solberg, Espen
    Norsk Institutt for Studier av Innovasjon, Forskning of Utdanning.
    Hybrider under press: Refleksjoner fra evalueringen av miljøinstituttene2015Ingår i: Forskningspolitikk, ISSN 0333-0273, E-ISSN 0805-8210, nr 2, s. 20-21Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Forskningsrådet har startet en serie av instituttevalueringer hvor alle de om lag 50 forskningsinstituttene som mottar basisbevilgning, skal under lupen. Først ut er gruppen av åtte miljøinstitutter. Evalueringsrapporten reiser spørsmål om rammevilkårene til disse instituttene, som også gjelder norske forskningsinstitutter generelt, og som bør stå sentralt i en debatt om strukturell reform i norsk forskning som også omfatter instituttene.

  • 58.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mårald, Gunilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    Samverkan i Bottenvikens vattendistrikt: analys av vattenrådsarbetet2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 59. Holm, J
    et al.
    Joas, M
    Bjørnæs, T
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statsvetenskap.
    Local Agenda 21 Governance in Scandinavia: Modernisation and Transition2005Ingår i: 7th Nordic Environmental Social Science Conference. Göteborg 15-17 juni 2005, 2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 60.
    Jørgensen, Dolly
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Nilsson, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Hof, Anouschka R.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Hasselquist, Eliza Maher
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Baker, Susan
    Chapin, F. Stuart, III
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hjaelten, Joakim
    Polvi, Lina
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Meyerson, Laura A.
    Policy Language in Restoration Ecology2014Ingår i: Restoration Ecology, ISSN 1061-2971, E-ISSN 1526-100X, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 1-4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Relating restoration ecology to policy is one of the aims of the Society for Ecological Restoration and its journal Restoration Ecology. As an interdisciplinary team of researchers in both ecological science and political science, we have struggled with how policy-relevant language is and could be deployed in restoration ecology. Using language in scientific publications that resonates with overarching policy questions may facilitate linkages between researcher investigations and decision-makers' concerns on all levels. Climate change is the most important environmental problem of our time and to provide policymakers with new relevant knowledge on this problem is of outmost importance. To determine whether or not policy-specific language was being included in restoration ecology science, we surveyed the field of restoration ecology from 2008 to 2010, identifying 1,029 articles, which we further examined for the inclusion of climate change as a key element of the research. We found that of the 58 articles with climate change or global warming in the abstract, only 3 identified specific policies relevant to the research results. We believe that restoration ecologists are failing to include themselves in policy formation and implementation of issues such as climate change within journals focused on restoration ecology. We suggest that more explicit reference to policies and terminology recognizable to policymakers might enhance the impact of restoration ecology on decision-making processes.

  • 61.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Johansson, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för skolledarutveckling.
    Konsolidering och breddning: 2000-20152015Ingår i: 50 år med Statsvetenskap i Umeå / [ed] Anders Lidström och Gunnel Gustafsson, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2015, s. 53-83Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 62.
    Mahler Hasselquist, Eliza
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    Mancheva, Irina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    Policy change implications for forest water protection in Sweden over the last 50 years2019Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Improving water quality has become an important environmental issue, spurred in part by the Water Framework Directive. However, the relationship of policy change with forest water protection measures is relatively unknown. We analyzed how policy and practice have developed in Sweden using 50 years of historic data from the Krycklan Catchment Study, ocusing on riparian buffers. Corresponding to legislation, education and voluntary measures mphasizing stream protection, two step changes occurred; between the 1970s–1980s, buffers increased by 67%, then by 100% between 1990s and 2000s. By 2013, just 50% of the stream length affected by forestry was protected and the application has varied by stream size; small streams lacked a buffer approximately 65% of the time, while 90% of large streams had buffers. The doubling of buffer implementation from the 1990s–2000s corresponded to the adoption of a number of environmental protection policies in the 1990s that all came into effect during this period.

  • 63.
    Nilsson, Annika E
    et al.
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Knowledge for local climate change adaptation in Sweden: challenges of multilevel governance2012Ingår i: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 17, nr 6-7, s. 751-767Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Adaptation to climate change is often perceived as a local concern; yet local stakeholders are influenced by knowledge and politics from international and national contexts. Based on a review of Swedish climate change adaptation policy and interviews and focus groups in the Stockholm region, this paper discusses how knowledge relevant to climate change adaptation has been institutionalised in Sweden and how this may affect the potential for learning. The results indicate that the institutionalising of knowledge and knowledge exchange has been weak, especially compared to the implementation of Local Agenda 21, which also calls for action at the local level. So far, Swedish adaptation policy has relied mainly on soft governance tools. Further, we conclude that there is need for improved mechanisms for feedback from the local to the national level in this rapidly evolving policy field.

  • 64. Nilsson, Måns
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Finnveden, Göran
    Discussion: what enabled EPI in practice?2007Ingår i: Environmental policy integration in practice: shaping institutions for learning / [ed] Måns Nilsson and Katarina Eckerberg, London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2007, s. 137-162Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 65. Nilsson, Måns
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hagberg, Lovisa
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Söderberg, Charlotta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Policy framing and EPI in energy and agriculture2007Ingår i: Environmental policy integration in practice: shaping institutions for learning / [ed] Måns Nilsson and Katarina Eckerberg, London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2007, s. 85-110Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 66. Nilsson, Måns
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Persson, Åsa
    Introduction: EPI agendas and policy responses2007Ingår i: Environmental policy integration in practice: shaping institutions for learning / [ed] Måns Nilsson, Katarina Eckerberg, London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2007, s. 1-24Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 67.
    Nordenstam, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kommunalt naturskydd i lokala naturvårdssatsningen (LONA)2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 68.
    Persson, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Nilsson, Måns
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Institutionalization or wither away?: Twenty-five years of environmental policy integration under shifting governance models in Sweden2016Ingår i: Environment and Planning. C, Government and Policy, ISSN 0263-774X, E-ISSN 1472-3425, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 478-495Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Snapshot views of environmental policy integration (EPI) practices fail to consider the stability of EPI over time – both as aspiration and performance. This paper reviews the evolution of EPI over more than two decades at the national level in the agriculture and energy sectors in Sweden – an EPI pioneer. We study how the extent of EPI stability can be explained partly by shifting political priorities by governments and partly by underlying governance models (actors and organizational landscape and policy instruments used). Comparing the two sectors, the institutionalization of EPI appears to be stronger in the energy sector. In the agricultural sector, the current reform of the Common Agricultural Policy seems to imply decreasing prominence of EPI – due to shrinking budgets for environmental targets along with greater policy goals complexity. Overall, observed shifts in governance have been mildly conducive to EPI by providing an infrastructure, but further enhancements require clear political priority awarded to the environment.

  • 69. Rosswall, T
    et al.
    Colley, M
    Dickson, B
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Friis-Christensen, E
    Gupta, J
    McBean, G
    Mooney, H
    Sorvari, S
    Norwegian Climate Research: an Evaluation2012Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 70.
    Sandström, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Raitio, Kaisa
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Studying conflicts, proposing solutions: Towards multi-level approaches to the analyses of forest conflicts2013Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 33, s. 123-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 71.
    Sandström, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statsvetenskap.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statsvetenskap.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statsvetenskap.
    The Mountain Mistra Programme: the Political Science Approach2005Ingår i: Fourth Annual Parks and Protected Areas Research Forum. Winnipeg, Canada, 30 september, 2005Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 72.
    Söderberg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, avdelning samhällsvetenskap.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Rising policy conflicts in Europe over bioenergy and forestry2013Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 33, s. 112-119Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing concerns over emissions of green-house gases causing climate change as well as energy security concerns have spurred the interest in bioenergy production pushed by EU targets to fulfil the goal of 20 per cent renewable energy in 2020, as well as the goal of 10 per cent renewable fuels in transport by 2020. Increased bioenergy production is also seen to have political and economic benefits for rural areas and farming regions in Europe and in the developing world. There are, however, conflicting views on the potential benefits of large scale bioenergy production, and recent debates have also drawn attention to a range of environmental and socio-economic issues that may arise in this respect. One of these challenges will be that of accommodating forest uses – including wood for energy, and resulting intensification of forest management – with biodiversity protection in order to meet EU policy goals. We note that the use of biomass and biofuels spans over several economic sector policy areas, which calls for assessing and integrating environmental concerns across forest, agriculture, energy and transport sectors.In this paper, we employ frame analysis to identify the arguments for promoting bioenergy and assess the potential policy conflicts in the relevant sectors, through the analytical lens of environmental policy integration. We conclude that while there is considerable leverage of environmental arguments in favour of bioenergy in the studied economic sectors, and potential synergies with other policy goals, environmental interest groups remain sceptical to just how bioenergy is currently being promoted. There is a highly polarised debate particularly relating to biofuel production. Based on our analysis, we discuss the potential for how those issues could be reconciled drawing on the frame conflict theory, distinguishing between policy disagreements and policy controversies.

  • 73.
    Thellbro, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Drivers for public-private partnerships in sustainable natural resource management – lessons from the Swedish mountain region2018Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 11, artikel-id 3914Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s mountain areas are sensitive ecosystems that are used by a wide range of stakeholders, and this raises multiple sustainability concerns. Collaborative governance solutions are becoming increasingly common in such situations to promote more sustainable practices. While the Swedish mountain area is indeed a hot spot for different forms of public–private partnerships (PPPs) related to natural resources management, as yet, little is known about the shaping of participation, leadership, and implementation of these processes. What are the drivers for implementing collaborative environmental partnerships, do the drivers differ, and if so, how? What role does the specific context play in the design of these PPPs? Are the PPPs useful, and if so, for what? To analyse those issues, we conducted 38 semi-structured interviews with project leaders from a sample randomly selected from a database of 245 public–private collaborative projects in the Swedish mountains. Our results indicate that consequential incentives in the form of funding and previous successful collaborations seem to be the major drivers for such partnerships. A critical discussion of the possibilities and limitations of public–private forms of governance in rural mountain areas adds to the ongoing debate on the performance of environmental PPPs in a regional context.

  • 74.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    EIP-Agri – lärdomar från första åren: Halvtidsrapport från den löpande lärande utvärderingen av EIP-Agri med fokus på dess införande och uppstart2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    EIP-Agri är ett nytt innovationsstöd inom landsbygdsprogrammet med fokus på jordbruk, trädgårds- och rennäring. Två typer av stöd kan beviljas: stöd för att bilda en innovationsgrupp samt stöd till att genomföra ett innovationsprojekt (med full finansiering). Inom ramen för utvärderingen har främst rutiner, regler, roller med mera vid införandet av detta nya stöd undersökts, och olika typer av genomförandeproblem, samt hur de förebyggs och/eller undviks, analyserats.

    Gruppbildnings- och genomförandestöd

    Möjligheten att söka gruppbildningsstöd är en stor styrka. Regeringen börse över om detta kan utökas/stärkas ytterligare i kommande programperiod. Genomförandestödet upplevs som krävande att söka och Jordbruksverket börta fram en specifik e-ansökan. Kraven bör sänkas något, för att t ex öka flexibiliteten kring budgeten. Förtydligade beslutskriterier bör göras mer tillgängliga. Innovationssupporten kan rikta mer stöd mot resurssvaga aktörer för att öka antalet som går vidare från grupp- till genomförandestöd. Sociala och organisatoriska innovationer är mycket få och borde uppmuntras i högre grad. Kopplingen till forskningsprojekt kan stärkas.

    Handläggningen av ansökningar

    En majoritet av de sökande är övervägande missnöjda med ansökningsprocessen, då handläggningstiden är lång och kraven på ansökan höga med många kompletteringar. Sen utbetalning av medel upplevs också som ett hinder för många. Här måste fortsatta insatser till för att effektivisera och förkorta handläggningen internt på Jordbruksverket samt i relation till innovationssupportens rådgivning.

    Roller och samordning

    Rollfördelningen mellan Jordbruksverkets handläggare, Rådgivande urvalskommittén och innovationssupporten har diskuterats internt och förtydligats allteftersom. Särskilt samordningen och erfarenhetsutbytet har stärkts. Tolkningen av begreppet innovation och beslutskriterier varierar fortsatt något, men samstämmigheten i vad som kommuniceras till sökande har gradvis förbättrats. Fortsatt kalibrering och interaktion är dock nödvändig.

    Koppling till andra innovationssatsningar

    Begränsad information om EIP-Agri har nått innovationskontoren. EIP-Agri bör kommuniceras via andra/kompletterande kanaler. Erfarenheter från andra liknande innovationsprogram bör också komma EIP-Agri till del för att utveckla möjliga synergier och säkra att innovationerna kommer ut på marknaden. Målgruppen för och syftet med EIP-Agri bör därmed förtydligas och kommuniceras mer strategiskt.

    Planerad effektutvärdering

    Under 2019–2021 förväntas utvärderingen svara på frågor om programmetbidragit till relevanta innovationer i relation till målen. Nuvarande rapportering liksom de breda och otydliga målen samt kriterierna ger dock begränsade möjligheter att värdera dessa effekter. Utvecklade datasystem och förtydligade mål och kriterier krävs.

  • 75.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    EIP-Agri – lärdomar från första åren: Halvtidsrapport från den löpande lärande utvärderingen av EIP-Agri med fokus på dess införande och uppstart. Bilagor2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 76.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    When Public Officers Take the Lead in Collaborative Governance: To Confirm, Consult, Facilitate or Negotiate?2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 22, nr 4, s. 21-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Governments are investing considerable time and resources in the field of collaborative governance as it proliferates throughout many sectors, and how public officers choose to respond to these developments therefore becomes an important question. The increased public involvement that collaborative governance brings is often more costly than traditional forms of governance, while the outcomes are highly uncertain. For these reasons, it is important that collaborative governance is only used when really warranted, and the various forms that it can take should be carefully designed. In this study, we apply a typology of collaboration strategies to examine firstly, the circumstances under which leading officers at four county administrative boards in the Swedish mountain region decide to lead collaboration, and secondly what collaboration strategies they then apply. This study is based on 20 interviews with key officers, and 39 interviews with project leaders of public-private collaborations in the area of natural resource management in the region. We find that officers should take trust levels into account when designing collaboration strategies, not least the lack of official trust. Strategies are found to be not mutually exclusive but complementary, and officers employ several at the same time. Interestingly, the results of this study show that – somewhat counter-intuitively – distrust is a driver for officers to initiate collaboration, a conclusion which questions the common view that more trust unequivocally translates into more participation.

  • 77.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Defining ecological restoration policy in Sweden2014Ingår i: Studying public policy: an international approach / [ed] Michael Hill, Bristol/Chicago: Policy Press, 2014, s. 149-166Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the next contribution Anna Zachrisson and Katarina Eckerberg explore aspects of complexity in the formulation process in an examination of ecological restoration policy (ER), using Sweden as an empirical illustration. In Sweden there is of yet no particular Act directing ER, but elements of ER are found in several Acts and Bills which are included in this analysis. Nevertheless, ER activities are already taking place, often as projects within the context of a public funding programme aiming at ecological sustainability or nature conservation (in agriculture, water environments, forests and so on).

    The analysis thus looks into the top-down element in policy formulation through taking departure in textual analyses of key policy documents, from the government and from the relevant central authorities. Evidence is also drawn from a data base that comprises Swedish central government-funded ER projects over the last ten year period. Specifically, it is analysed how the concept of ER is articulated and documented in government policy from the late 1980s until recently, and how the policy has been translated into implementation. This analysis comprises the policy objectives across levels, sectors and actors, as well as which policy instruments are emphasized and how they play out on the ground.

    A non-dogmatic perspective is adopted here that sees the policy stages as interlinked rather than necessarily following a chronological order. With the programmatic result of the policy as contrast to the articulated policy goals, we are thereby able to discuss the relationship between the formulation and the implementation of ER policy in Sweden, and draw conclusions that go beyond the formulated policy as such.

  • 78.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statsvetenskap.
    Sandell, K
    Fredman, P
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statsvetenskap.
    Tourism and protected areas: motives, actors and processes2006Ingår i: International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, nr 2, s. 350-358Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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