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  • 51.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Long-term socio-economic impact of major investments in small and medium-sized districts2011Ingår i: Social Science Research 2004-2010: Themes, results and reflections / [ed] Boel Berner, Britt-Marie Drottz Sjöberg & Einar Holm, Stockholm: Svensk kärnbränslehantering , 2011, s. 90-92Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 52.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Människa och miljö: Befolkningsdynamik i ett regionalt perspektiv2001Ingår i: Den hållbara regionen: Om förutsättningar och framtidsmöjligheter för en hållbar samhällsutveckling i Västerbottens län – ett projektförslag, CERUM, Umeå universitet, Umeå , 2001, s. 51-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 53.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Simulating the long-term labour market effects of an industrial investment: a microsimulation approach1999Ingår i: Erdkunde, ISSN 0014-0015, Vol. 53, nr 2, s. 150-162Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to investigate the long-term local labour market impacts of an industrial investment. In the beginning of the 1990s the Swedish forest-based company SCA introduced a new technology for the production of high quality paper (LWC-paper) in the Ortviken papermill, which is situated in Sundsvall (northern Sweden). The regional income injection in connection with the implementation of the investment has previously been investigated empirically by KLINT and LlNDGREN (1992, 1993) and it was shown that a major share of the income injection trickled down locally in the municipality of Sundsvall. The ex-ante analysis of the investment's long-term labour market effect throughout the economic life of the paper machine cannot, however, be carried out empirically. In this study the problem has been approached by means of simulation methodology and the comparisons between different possible future scenarios. The basic hypothesis is that papermills, which are resource-intensive operations and mainly compete by means of high productivity, cannot survive without high investment rates. This implies that the papermill will have to close if the upgrading of the production process is not continued. The long-term impacts are obtained by comparing a baseline scenario, in which the LWC-investment is implemented, and a counterfactual scenario of non-implementation. In order to fulfill this task, a calibrated systems model based on microsimulation methodology has been developed. The model represents the population of Sundsvall individually, i.e. it simulates future life paths of every single person in the municipality. By using micro-orientated modelling the impacts of employment reduction at the papermill can be traced to other partial local labour markets (changed unemployment levels) and to the local population (changed migration and commuting patterns). The microsimulation model is calibrated on a micro dataset that contains a number of attributes on individuals who lived or worked in the municipality at some time between 1990 and 1993 (N = 103,000). The simulation results show that there are substantial indirect labour market effects, i.e. there are many occupation categories, not related to the papermill, that meet with increased unemployment in the case of the closure of Ortviken.

  • 54.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Who is the counter-urban mover? Evidence from the Swedish urban system2003Ingår i: International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 9, s. 399-418Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 55.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Borggren, Jonathan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Eriksson, Rikard H
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Timmermans, Bram
    Is there an end to the concentration of businesses and people?2017Ingår i: Globalisation and change in forest ownership and forest use: natural resource management in transition / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 139-181Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is extensive literature describing the mechanisms of economic growth, which has tended to occur in big cities. The emergence of knowledge economies has enhanced the importance of human capital - the success of companies is increasingly dependent on employees' ability to transform their knowledge and skills into new products that can satisfy rapidly changing demand from all over the world. This transformation of the economy creates major challenges for regions that do not have large, well-educated populations. Will rural areas stand a chance against the centripetal forces of agglomeration economies? This issue is addressed by focusing attention on a number of successful, forest-related companies running their operations far from metropolitan Sweden. This presentation is accompanied by a theoretical discussion that challenges the urban assumption.

  • 56.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Eliasson, Kent
    Westerlund, Olle
    Nationalekonomi.
    Flytta eller Pendla?2002Ingår i: Befolkningen spelar roll!, Umeå universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Umeå , 2002, s. 131-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 57.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Elmquist, Helena
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Environmental and economic impacts of decision-making at an Arable farm: an integrative modeling approach2005Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 34, nr 4-5, s. 393-401Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the dependency between physical and anthropogenic systems in arable farming. The dynamic simulation model, which has its methodological origins in the modeling traditions of environmental systems analysis and microsimulation, reproduces the mutual links between the physical flows (e.g. energy, materials, emissions, and products), the farmer as a decision-making agent, and structural conditions influencing the farm. In running the model, the intention is to answer the question: What are the impacts on profitability and the environment (i.e. greenhouse gas effects, eutrophication, acidification, and energy use) of variations in prices, subsidies, the farmer's environmental values, and the farmer's skill in making production allocation choices? The results of the model simulations indicate, for example, that in terms of economic performance, a farmer can choose between two relatively sustainable strategies-either to specialize in organic production (thereby benefiting from higher subsidies and output prices), or to focus on conventional cultivation and use of pesticides and fertilizers (thereby benefiting from large yields). Regarding environmental impacts, there was no clear-cut divide between organic and conventional farming due to difficulties in allocating the use of manure. This finding is essentially related to the choice of system boundary, which is thoroughly discussed in the paper.

  • 58.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Layton, Ian G.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    From Resource to Market: Postwar Spatial Changes in a Swedish Forest Company1994Ingår i: The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien, ISSN 0008-3658, E-ISSN 1541-0064, Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 343-362Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the wealth of empirical and theoretical literature on transnational corporations, little has been written about the spatial consequences of changes in the ownership of forest-based industries. These types of tnc embrace a broad range of activities, formerly based solely upon forest raw material, comprising sawmilling and pulp and paper manufacturing. In Sweden, these industries were mostly located near raw material supplies and concentrated on export production for the European market. During recent decades forest companies such as sca (Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget) have invested in or acquired production and sales units in most of the traditional market countries. This has involved a substantial increase in the numbers of foreign employees, new commodities and raw materials, and a shift in the centre of gravity of production and employment. The aim of this article is to investigate and model the locational changes in sca's ownership (of production, sales, and administrative units) and in its organizational structure within and outside Sweden, from the 1950s to the present.

  • 59.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Mahieu, Ron
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Local or non-local?: Some notes on the economic-geographical impacts of large investments1992Ingår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 74, nr 3, s. 211-228Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 60.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Universitetets ekonomiska betydelse för Umeå kommun1995Ingår i: Samhällseffekter av Umeå universitet, CERUM, Umeå universitet , 1995, s. 99-108Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 61.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Nilsson, Karina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    de Luna, Xavier
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Data Resource Profile: Swedish Microdata Research from Childhood into Lifelong Health and Welfare (Umeå SIMSAM Lab)2016Ingår i: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685, Vol. 45, nr 4, s. 1075-1075gArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 62.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Pettersson, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Jansson, Bruno
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Nilsagård, Hans
    Skogsbruket i den lokala ekonomin2000Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 63.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Geografiska effekter av en djupförvarsetablering2005Ingår i: Samhällsforskning 2005: Betydelsen för människorna, hembygden och regionen av ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle, SKB, Stockholm , 2005, s. 41-64Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 64.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Slutförvaret och det lokala näringslivet: En undersökning om upphandlingsbehov och leverantörskapacitet i Östhammar och Oskarshamn2006Ingår i: Samhällsforskning 2006: Betydelsen för människorna, hembygden och regionen av ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle, SKB, Stockholm , 2006, s. 47-65Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 65.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Slutförvarets lokala effekter på befolkning och sysselsättning i Östhammar och Oskarshamn2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie ställs frågan om vilka lokala spridningseffekter investeringen i ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle kan komma att få. För närvarande pågår platsundersökningar i Östhammar och Oskarshamn och slutförvaret kommer med stor sannolikhet att byggas i någon av dessa kommuner. Genomförandet av slutförvarsprojektet består av ett flertal olika investeringar vars lokaliseringsförutsättningar skiljer sig åt. Förutom slutförvaret för använt kärnbränsle ingår även utbyggnad av SFR (Slutförvar för radioaktivt driftavfall) och byggandet av en inkapslingsanläggning och en "kapselfabrik", för montering av kapslar. Utbyggnaden av SFR måste ske i Östhammar då SFR redan finns där och inkapslingsanläggningen bör enligt SKB byggas i anslutning till Clab (Centralt mellanlager för använt kärnbränsle) som är förlagt till Oskarshamn. Dessa omständigheter betyder att delar av den totala investeringssumman för slutförvaret (cirka 15 miljarder kronor) redan nu går att knyta till specifika platser.

    Resultaten från en enkätundersökning visar att näringslivet i de två kommunerna skiljer sig åt med avseende på möjligheter att leverera varor och tjänster till slutförvarsinvesteringen. Vid en jämförelse mellan leverantörskapacitet och upphandlingsbehov förefaller det som om att det lokala näringslivet i Oskarshamn har en sammansättning som bättre matchar slutförvarsinvesteringens behov.

    De lokala spridningseffekterna av slutförvarsinvesteringen begränsas emellertid inte till de aktiviteter som härrör till byggnation av anläggningar. Drift och efterarbeten vid anläggningarna ger också inkomster och arbetstillfällen. Slutförvaret med sidoinvesteringar kommer att generera spridningseffekter i både Östhammar och Oskarshamn oavsett i vilken kommun slutförvaret lokaliseras. Däremot blir de ekonomiska spridningseffekterna olika på grund av skillnader i det lokala näringslivets leverantörskapacitet och förutbestämda lokaliseringar av vissa sidoinvesteringar. Analyserna antyder bland annat att de lokala spridningseffekterna blir tämligen stora i Oskarshamn om Östhammar får slutförvaret, medan effekterna i Östhammar blir ytterst begränsade om slutförvaret placeras i Oskarshamn.

  • 66.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Holm, Einar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    Statistik. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Analyzing Socio-Economic Impacts of Large Investments by Spatial Microsimulation2007Ingår i: 1st General Conference of the International Microsimulation Association: Celebrating 50 Years of Microsimulation, 2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the near future, a nuclear waste repository will be located in either Östhammar or Oskarshamn, two Swedish municipalities. This is a major investment that is likely to have socio-economic implications at the local level for several decades. In order to analyze the indirect local effects of such large investments, a spatial and dynamic microsimulation model (SVERIGE 3) has been constructed. The model simulates demographic events (e.g., fertility and migration) as well as education and the labor market. In this study, the simulation model is utilized to evaluate a number of scenarios comprising various potential investments in Östhammar, one of which is the nuclear waste repository. As part of the study, the direct local effect of the investments was estimated. When running the model, the estimated direct local effects function as exogenous economic input to concerned labor market sectors. The results of the simulations indicate that investments such as the nuclear waste repository will have some economic and demographic effects. However, infrastructure projects that increase accessibility seem to generate more profound and long-lasting effects at the local level. A municipality such as Östhammar, located close the Stockholm metropolitan area, may be especially likely to benefit by such infrastructure investments.

  • 67.
    Lindgren, Urban
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Labour market programmes and geographical mobility: Migration and commuting among programme participants and openly unemployed2003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We study migration and commuting among participants in labour market pro- grammes and individuals in open unemployment. Post-programme mobility of par- ticipants in Employment Training, which is a supply-orientated program, is com- pared to the mobility of individuals participating in two demand-orientated pro- grammes and the openly unemployed. The empirical results indicate higher geo- graphical mobility among participants in Employment Training as compared to par- ticipants in Relief Work and the Work Experience Scheme. Individuals participat- ing in Employment Training also have a higher probability of mobility than the openly unemployed. In this case, this is due to the relatively higher probability of commuting that predominates the relatively lower probability of migration. Hence, our results indicate that different labour market programmes are associated with different amounts of post-programme mobility. Moreover, using functional regional labour markets as the regional entity, we find interregional commuting to be rela- tively more important than migration as a means of geographical labour mobility.

  • 68.
    Mannberg, Andrea
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Brännlund, Runar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Jansson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Påverkar skatteundantag hushållens benägenhet att köpa miljöbilar? En studie av Stockholms trängselskatt2015Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 43, nr 1, s. 32-39Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan januari 2006 är in- och ut-passage genom tullarna i Stockholm belagt med en avgift för bilister. Som ett led i riksdagens mål att helt eliminera utsläppen av växthusgaser 2050 och ha en bilpark oberoende av fossila bränslen 2030 (Regeringens proposition 2008/09:162) undantogs sk miljöbilar från trängselskatten mellan 2006 och 2009. I denna studie har vi undersökt om undantaget av miljöbilar från trängselskatten i Stockholm påverkade sannolikheten att köpa etanolbil (E85). Våra resultat visar att undantaget för etanolbilar i trängselskatten hade en signifikant effekt på etanolbilsförsäljningeni Stockholm.

  • 69.
    Mannberg, Andrea
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Jansson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Brännlund, Runar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Do tax incentives affect households' adoption of ‘green’ cars?: A panel study of the Stockholm congestion tax2014Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 74, s. 286-299Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Policymakers have made several attempts to introduce local and national policies to reduce CO2 emissions and stimulate the consumer adoption of alternative fuel vehicles (ethanol/E85 cars). The purpose of this paper is to analyze how a local policy measure impacts the composition of the car fleet over time. More specifically, we take advantage of the natural experiment setting caused by the introduction of the Stockholm congestion tax (2006) to analyze how the tax affected purchases of ethanol cars that were exempted from the tax. To estimate effects, we employ a Difference-in-differences methodology. By using a comprehensive database of the car fleet and car owners, sociodemographic and geographic factors are analyzed, which is unique in the existing literature. Our results suggest that the congestion tax had a significant impact on ethanol car purchases although the effect fades away over time. Furthermore, there is a positive relationship between the level of education and ethanol car purchases. Previous adoption of an ethanol car is found to be the strongest predictor of ethanol car purchases. Finally, data indicate that Stockholmers substantially increased purchases of ethanol cars half a year before the introduction of the congestion tax, which we refer to as an anticipation effect.

  • 70.
    Marcinczak, Szymon
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    University of Tartu.
    Change or continuity?: Evolution of residential and workplace segregation in the Stockholm metropolitan region2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The origins of immigrants coming to Sweden as well as their lifestyles and labour market skills have changed substantially since the early 1990s. The last decades have also resulted in a gradual transition of the Swedish economy from industrial to more service oriented (activities relatedto ‘the new economy’). These two processes inevitably contributed to the pace of segregation in major urban regions of Sweden, regions that have been at the forefront of economic change and that have remained the main destination of many immigrants. So far, the majority of studies on segregation in Sweden have been limited to research the residential dimension only. Yet, it should be emphasised that cities contain clusters of jobs and people and that these clusters together form the socio-economic fabric of urban regions. This paper thus adopts a dynamic approach to exa- mine the evolution of residential and workplace segregation in the ethnically diverse Stockholm Metropolitan Region. Referring to the recent advancements in segregation studies we define the phenomenon of segregation as both process and pattern, and scrutinize them respectively.

  • 71.
    Marcinczak, Szymon
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. Faculty of Geography, Institute of Urban Geography and Tourism Studies, University of Łódź, Kopcińskiego 31, 90-142 Łódź, Poland.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    Department of Geography, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, Tartu, 51014, Estonia.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Changing patterns of residential and workplace segregation in the Stockholm metropolitan area2015Ingår i: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 36, nr 7, s. 969-992Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrant–native segregation is present in the spaces in which individuals from different ethnic/racial groups practice their everyday lives; interact with others and develop their ethnic, social and spatial networks. The overwhelming majority of academic research on immigrant segregation has focused on the residential domain, thus largely overlooking other arenas of daily interaction. The present study contributes to the emerging literature on immigrant residential and workplace segregation by examining changes in patterns of residential and workplace segregation over time. We draw our data from the Stockholm metropolitan region, Sweden’s main port of entry for immigrants. The results suggest a close association between residential and workplace segregation. Immigrant groups that are more segregated at home are also more segregated in workplace neighborhoods. More importantly, we found that a changing segregation level in one domain tends to involve a similar trend in the other domain.

  • 72.
    Namatovu, Fredinah
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Sandström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Neighborhood conditions and celiac disease risk among children in Sweden2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 42, nr 7, s. 572-580Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate celiac disease (CD) clustering at different geographical levels and to examine the association between neighborhood demographic and socioeconomic conditions and the risk of neighborhood CD.

    Methods: We included 2080 children diagnosed with CD between 1998 and 2003, identified from 43 of the 47 reporting hospitals in Sweden. A total of 8036 small area market statistics (SAMS) areas were included; these were nested in 253 municipalities that were further nested into eight ‘nomenclature of territorial units for statistics’ (NUTS) 2 regions. We performed multilevel logistic regression analyses.

    Results: We found the highest geographical variation in CD incidence at the municipality level, compared to the region level. The probability of having CD increased in the statistical areas of (SAMS) areas with higher average annual work income, with an odds ratio (OR) of 2.24 and 95% CI of 1.76–2.85. Reduced CD risk in neighborhoods was associated with higher average age (OR 0.96; 95% CI 0.95–0.97), higher proportion of residents with a university education (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.97–0.99), and higher level of industrial and commercial activity (OR 0.59; 95% CI 0.44–0.82). We found no significant association between CD risk and population density, proportion of Nordic to non-Nordic inhabitants, nor share of the population with only a compulsory education.

    Conclusions: Neighborhood composition influences CD risk. This is one of the first attempts to identify factors explaining geographical variation in CD.

  • 73.
    Pettersson, Örjan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Jansson, Bruno
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Forestry restructuring in northern Sweden2002Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 74.
    Sandow, Erika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi. Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics, Finland.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Is your commute killing you?: On the mortality risks of long-distance commuting2014Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 46, nr 6, s. 1496-1516Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a general belief that expanding labour-market regions, triggered by increased commuting, have positive economic effects on individuals, firms, and society. Recently, however, scholars have reported possible negative outcomes related to health and well-being. Based on these findings, this study addresses the association between long-distance commuting, and mortality. Using longitudinal individual data from between 1985 and 2008, focusing on 55-year-olds in 1994, we model mortality through propensity score matching and Kaplan–Meyer estimates of survival among long-distance commuters and matched controls from the population travelling short distances to work. The results indicate that women who have experienced long-distance commuting face a significantly higher mortality risk compared with women with short commutes to work. This seems to be driven by variations in income and education: for example, for women with long-distance commuting experience, substantially lower survival rates are found among those with low education and low income. A very different picture emerges for men, for whom mortality risks do not seem to be associated with long-distance commuting. Our findings suggest that men and women are subject to different mechanisms regarding the nexus between commuting and mortality.

  • 75.
    Stjernström, Olof
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Myrlund, Håkan
    IES/Statsvetenskap, Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Holm, Stig-Olof
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Håkansson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Stage, Jesper
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Wiberg, Ulf
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Den hållbara regionen: Om förutsättningar och framtidsmöjligheter för en hållbar samhällsutveckling i Västerbottens län - ett projektförslag2001Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 76.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    University of Tartu, Department of Geography.
    Danzer, Alexander M.
    University of Munich (LMU), Department of Economics.
    van Ham, Maarten
    Delft University of Technology, OTB Research Institute for the Built Environment.
    Marcińczak, Szymon
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Factors shaping workplace segregation between natives and immigrants2014Ingår i: Demography, ISSN 0070-3370, E-ISSN 1533-7790, Vol. 51, nr 2, s. 645-671Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on segregation of immigrant groups is increasingly turning its attention from residential areas toward other important places, such as the workplace, where immigrants can meet and interact with members of the native population. This article examines workplace segregation of immigrants. We use longitudinal, georeferenced Swedish population register data, which enables us to observe all immigrants in Sweden for the period 1990–2005 on an annual basis. We compare estimates from ordinary least squares with fixed-effects regressions to quantify the extent of immigrants' self-selection into specific workplaces, neighborhoods, and partnerships, which may bias more naïve ordinary least squares results. In line with previous research, we find lower levels of workplace segregation than residential segregation. The main finding is that low levels of residential segregation reduce workplace segregation, even after we take into account intermarriage with natives as well as unobserved characteristics of immigrants such as willingness and ability to integrate into the host society. Being intermarried with a native reduces workplace segregation for immigrant men but not for immigrant women.

  • 77.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    van Ham, Maarten
    Marcinczak, Szymon
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Pre-hire factors and workplace ethnic segregation2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In addition to neighbourhoods of residence, family and places of work play important roles in producing and reproducing ethnic segregation. Therefore, recent research on ethnic segregation and contact is increasingly turning its attention from residential areas towards other important domains of daily interethnic contact. The key innovation of this paper is to clarify the role of immigrants' pre-hire exposure to natives in the residence, workplace and family domains in immigrant exposure to natives in their current workplace. The study is based on Swedish population register data. The results show that at the macro level, workplace neighbourhood segregation is lower than residential neighbourhood segregation. Our micro-level analysis further shows that high levels of residential exposure of immigrants to natives help to reduce ethnic segregation at the level of workplace establishments as well.

  • 78.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    et al.
    University of Tartu.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Learning through contact?: The effects on earnings of immigrant exposure to native population2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Factors influencing immigrant labour market outcomes have received increased scholarly atten- tion lately. A recent research focus has been the effects of residential setting on labour market outcomes. This study brings a new dimension to this emerging body of research, introducing the role played by workplace composition, in addition to place of residence, in immigrant earnings. Based on Swedish longitudinal register data, OLS regression is used to examine effects of previous exposure to natives on earnings in three immigrant cohorts (1990, 1995 and 2000) five years after arrival. Besides controlling for individual characteristics and various labour market attributes, a two-step Heckman correction procedure is applied to take into account the selectivity of entering the Swedish labour market. The main finding of the study is that exposure to the native population at the workplace is more important than residential exposure for predicting immigrant earnings.

  • 79.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    et al.
    University of Tartu.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Learning through contact?: The effects on earnings of immigrant exposure to native population2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Factors influencing immigrant labour market outcomes have received increased scholarly attention lately. A recent research focus has been the effects of residential setting on labour market outcomes. This study brings a new dimension to this emerging body of research, introducing the role played by workplace composition, in addition to place of residence, in immigrant earnings. Based on Swedish longitudinal register data, OLS regression is used to examine effects of previous exposure to natives on earnings in three immigrant cohorts (1990, 1995 and 2000) five years after arrival. Besides controlling for individual characteristics and various labour market attributes, a two-step Heckman correction procedure is applied to take into account the selectivity of entering the Swedish labour market. The main finding of the study is that exposure to the native population at the workplace is more important than residential exposure for predicting immigrant earnings.

  • 80.
    Tammaru, Tiit
    et al.
    University of Tartu.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Learning through contact?: The effects on earnings of immigrant exposure to the native population2010Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 42, nr 12, s. 2938-2955Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Factors influencing immigrant labour-market outcomes have received increased scholarly attention lately. A recent research focus has been the effects of residential setting on labour market outcomes. This study brings a new dimension to this emerging body of research, introducing the role played by workplace composition, in addition to place of residence, in immigrant earnings. Based on Swedish longitudinal register data, OLS regression is used to examine effects of previous exposure to natives on earnings in three immigrant cohorts (1990, 1995 and 2000) five years after arrival. Besides controlling for individual characteristics and various labour-market attributes, a two-step Heckman correction procedure is applied to take into account the selectivity of entering the Swedish labour market. The main finding of the study is that exposure to the native population at the workplace is more important than residential exposure for predicting immigrant earnings.

  • 81.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Transnational citizens or circulating semi-proletarians?: A study of migration circulation between Sweden and Asia, Latin America and Africa between 1968 and 2002.2006Ingår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 12, nr 6, s. 517-527Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretically significant research on transnational migrations has usually been based on in-depth qualitative studies with detailed case study data linked to specific contexts. The concept of transnationalism has been used to capture and theorise enduring and complex interchanges of people, things and ideas between places, regions and/or countries, that are separated by borders, and usually by large physical distances. Transnationalism has also been linked to accounts of intense forms of international migration under globalisation, often in contexts of unequal power relations. Rather few studies have tried to grasp the phenomenon in larger samples, examining its importance and characteristics over time in different migratory contexts. While sharing theoretical and epistemological understandings from the transnational research field, this paper explores the phenomenon by analysing a comprehensive set of quantitative data on long-distance frequent movers between Sweden and Asia, Latin America and Africa. By looking at the most mobile of all migrants in this South–North context, the paper explores the characteristics and scope of transnational migrations. The analyses show that transnational circulators, defined here as individuals who have migrated three times or more between Sweden and these regions, constitute a very small proportion of all South–North migrants over a 35-year period. They are more likely than other groups to be highly educated, male, low-income earners and Swedish citizens. These results contrast with other studies where transnational mobility of the highly skilled is often associated with successful career migration and high income groups. The conclusion of this paper is that, despite the high qualification level of circulators, long-distance circulation between Sweden and the global South is associated with negative income and labour market situations. The paper also questions the relevance of the concept of transnationalism itself in this specific context. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 82.
    Wenjuan, Li
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Holm, Einar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Attractive vicinities2009Ingår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 15, s. 1-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the significance of spatial and socioeconomic factors in determining place attractiveness, and it suggests an explorative method for the analysis of detailed patterns of spatial attractiveness. By departing from a simple spatial model that distinguishes between different hinterlands at varying distances from the individuals’ immediate neighbourhood, we analyse the relative importance of demographic, labour-market, service as well as physical factors for income levels and in-migration rates. Based on a longitudinal spatially referenced microdatabase covering over 100 annual attributes per individual and digital land-use information for the entire territory, vicinity characteristics were calculated for every populated square kilometre (108,000 squares). Regression, a partial F test and h2 were used to decompose explained variation in attractiveness into indicators classified insocioeconomic categories and spatial ranges. The findings indicate a  considerable variation across the spatial scale. For example, the characteristics of the vicinity (km2) seem to have a much larger influence on variation inplace attractiveness than the characteristics of the hinterland (within 5 to 50 km). Moreover, place attractiveness seems to be determined to a very small extent by physical factors in the immediate vicinity. Demographic andsocioeconomic factors appear to be the main determinants of place attractiveness.

  • 83.
    Westéus, Morgan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Raattamaa, Tomas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Young Adults in the Swedish Temporary Agency Sector: Implications of Family Experience2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A persons first experience of working life is not the individuals actual first job, but rather the perception conveyed by his or her family and other reference groups. Using Swedish register data on young adults (aged 18-34), and controlling for personal characteristics, we find that individuals with family members or partners with work experience from the temporary agency sector are highly over-represented in the sector. The peer-groups previous experience is also found to be among the most influential variables determining the relative probability that an individual will work in the temporary agency sector. 

  • 84.
    Öhman, Marianne
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Who is the long-distance commuter?: Patterns and driving forces in Sweden2003Ingår i: CyberGEO: European Journal of Geography, nr 243, 01/08Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 85.
    Östbring, Lisa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Labor mobility and organizational proximity: routines as supporting mechanisms for variety, skill integration and productivity2017Ingår i: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 24, nr 8, s. 775-794Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to introduce an organisational dimension to the discussion of knowledge flows and relatedness. We hypothesise that not only the degree of technological relatedness influence the extent of skill integration in a firm but also that familiarity with firm routines (intra-organisational proximity) should smoothen absorption. Longitudinal micro-data are used in pooled ordinary least square- and fixed effect models to estimate the impact on plant productivity growth of 18,051 labour flows within, and to, four large Swedish firms between 2003 and 2006. Our findings suggest that intra-regional related flows are economically beneficial. Their link to localised capabilities and community creates a weaker but more productive link between individuals than do organisational proximity, which generate too much similarity to allow for cognitively related inflows to impact productivity growth. Also, we find a positive relationship between unrelated flows and plant performance.

  • 86.
    Östbring, Lisa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Relatedness through experience: on the importance of collected worker experiences for plant performance2018Ingår i: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 97, nr 3, s. 501-518Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate that multiple cognitive dimensions exist between employees in knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) and that these dimensions interact in their influence on plant performance. Knowledge and cognitive distance are measured as formal knowledge and industry experience. Pooled OLS regressions with year, industry, and region-fixed effects are used to estimate the impact on plant performance. The results suggest that the commonly found negative impact of similarity in formal knowledge on plant performance may be reduced by high human capital ratios or high levels of similarity in experience. Moreover, the organizational structures associated with single-plant and multi-plant firms, generate different plant performance outcomes of knowledge variety.

  • 87.
    Östbring, Lisa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Labour mobility and plant performance: on the (dis)similarity between labour- and capital-intensive sectors for knowledge diffusion and productivity2013Ingår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 95, nr 4, s. 287-305Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse differences between capital- and labour-intensive sectors with regard to the impact of workforce composition and labour mobility on plant performance. By the use of geo-referenced longitudinal employer–employee data on a micro level, we analyse labour flows between plants within and between labour market regions. The analysis is carried out using weight least square (WLS) regression analysis combined with additional variance analysis (ANOVA). The results show that there are differences between the sectors with regard to both in-house workforce composition and type of skill inflow. A high degree of related knowledge in the in-house workforce has a strong positive effect on plant performance in the labour-intensive sectors. The analysis of labour inflow indicates that knowledge in the capital-intensive sectors is localized – only intra-regional labour flows give rise to increased plant productivity. In the labour-intensive sectors, the geographic and cognitive dimensions complement one another; similar knowledge needs to be non-local in order to be beneficial to plant performance, and unrelated knowledge mainly contributes to plant productivity growth when it is local.

  • 88.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Do changes in gdp influence commuting distances?: a study of swedish commuting patterns between 1990 and 20062012Ingår i: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 103, nr 4, s. 443-456Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have analysed the relationships between individuals' commuting distances and individual characteristics, discrimination, societal structure and planning. Largely left unexplored, however, are the long-term relationships between changes in the economic cycle and the effects on individual commuting distances. Using regression analyses, this study focuses on the relationship between changes in GDP and commuters' response reflected in commuting distances. The empirical data consist of records of almost 12 million Swedish commuting events between 1990 and 2006. Results of the analyses indicate that changes in GDP growth rate have an impact on commuting distances, especially for younger workers, the recently unemployed and commuters in metropolitan areas.

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