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  • 701. Thorup Thomsen, Bjarne
    Eyvind Johnson’s Hybrid North: Dynamics of Place and Time in Travelogues and Memory Sketches 1943–19632014In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores the depiction and understanding of the Swedish North in memory sketches and travelogues, published between 1943 and 1963, by the author Eyvind Johnson, who was born in 1900 in Svartbjörnsbyn in Sweden’s northernmost county, Norrbotten, and went on to win the Nobel Prize for literature in 1974. The overarching argument of the article is that a creative interplay between places, "traffic," time and memory in Johnson’s writing shapes a hybrid picture of the Swedish North as a dynamic, inclusive and multidimensional domain, making Johnson’s articulations of the North of heightened relevance today. While frequently preoccupied with the past, Johnson’s representations of the North are always also, explicitly or implicitly, grounded in a contemporary political, economic or environmental context, be it world-war preparedness, welfare development, cold-war crisis, or increased utilisation of natural resources. The article begins by focusing on memory sketches that belong to official antho-logies celebrating milestones in the history of administrative structures and demarcations in the North. In these contexts, Johnson operates as an ambassador for the North, while providing incisive, at times critical, perspectives on past and present in the region. Drawing on theories of travel writing as a hybrid and "freer" form of writing, the article goes on to discuss how Johnson in travelogues such as Winter Journey in Norrbotten (1955) and "Summer Diary from Norrbotten" (1963) journeys into contemporary landscapes and townscapes that, at the same time, contain the traces or contours of his personal past. In these texts, Johnson acts both as a child of the North and as a special reporter approaching from the South in order to familiarise external audiences with the region. The article concludes by demonstrating how Johnson in Winter Journey uses contexts and concepts of travel to explore the relationship more broadly between his literary activity and the northern experience. In its finishing argument, the article suggests that notions of hybrid creativity and "transport" of motifs, material and perspectives are key to Johnson’s literary practice and "programme" in relation to the Swedish North.

  • 702.
    Tillas, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ska jag dig likna vid en sommardag? Soll’ metaforas tu bei sommardag?: Shakespeare på svenska och transpiranto2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 703.
    Tormod, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Till en berättelse om tröst: Eyvind Johnson omläst2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is devoted to the Swedish author and Nobel Laureate Eyvind Johnson. The study involves a rereading of his oeuvre and an attempt to reformulate the prevailing picture of the author and his works.

    The study begins by discussing the image of Johnson, as he portrays himself and as he is viewed and talked about by others: readers, critics and researchers. The discussion leads to an attempt to understand what Foucault calls the author-function, as a web of narrative, internal and external, that of the author, the readers and the critics.

    Something that Johnson calls “truth” is important for his oeuvre. This is linked to the author’s experience and a duty to present testimony about reality, what Johnson would call documents. This reasoning leads to a discussion of different readings and the potential of cognitive values in fiction, and to an exploration of large and small themes, the general and the particular. Autobiographical texts as well as private correspondence with colleagues and friends are discussed from this perspective.

    Through studies of forgotten and buried or vanished layers – a method that could be called archaeological – the dissertation examines texts in Johnson’s oeuvre that have received less attention, often neglected or ignored. Early short stories, unsuccessful novels and rejected manuscripts can allow recurrent motifs and themes to stand out more clearly and indicate new ways to read the major canonical works in his oeuvre as well. Such themes are found to be abandonment and homosociality, sexuality and misogyny. Important but hitherto often neglected motifs become keys that open the novels to new, closer interpretations.

    Central features in the study are analyses of the novels Krilon, Strändernas svall (Return to Ithaca, London/New York 1952) and Några steg mot tystnaden. These particularly concern betrayal and being let down, often staged in a gender context. The dissertation leads up to a discussion of what in Johnsons works is reflections on a male, and ultimately also a human predicament. Different concepts are tested: male tragedy, melancholy, but the analysis finally settles on the term male pessimism.

    It is not Prometheus that represents Johnson but Sisyphus. One must endure, and perhaps imagine oneself happy. 

  • 704.
    Tormod, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Utanförskap och identitet: en studie av Eyvind Johnsons roman Herr Clerk, vår mästare2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt från en analys av Eyvind Johnsons tidiga roman Herr Clerk, vår mästare och dess olika versioner, diskuteras författarens förhållande till det självbiografiska berättandet, den möjliga eller omöjliga konstruktionen av ett jag i och utanför texten.

    Det utanförskap som tematiskt karaktäriserar delar av Johnsons författarskap har som regel förståtts ur ett klassperspektiv. I Uppsatsen föreslås en läsart som öppnar också för andra perspektiv, särskilt kön och sexualitet.

  • 705. Tumini, Angela
    et al.
    Isaksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, Lisbet Salander: Unique yet Familiar Female Hero2017In: Questions of Cultural Value: The London Film & Media Reader 5 / [ed] Phillip Drummond, London: The London Symposium , 2017, p. 206-219Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 706.
    Vallsten, Diana
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Djävulen bär Prada – eller sneakers: Paradigmens utstyrsel och budskap i The Devil Wears Prada2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats genomför jag en närläsning av Lauren Weisbergers roman The Devil Wears Prada. Syftet är att undersöka kulturella paradigm och koder; hur de upprätthålls eller bryts genom betydelsebildande handlingar samt hur de manifesteras i huvudkaraktärens kläder. Min utgångspunkt är att det i moderna berättelser finns moraliserande och fostrande budskap till kvinnor där den kvinnliga identiteten genomgående kopplas samman med det yttre, såsom kropp och kläder. Dessa förhållanden analyseras och synliggörs med hjälp av semiologiska verktyg och performativitetsteorin. Jag finner att huvudkaraktärens utveckling på jobbet och dess konsekvenser i privatlivet följs av en yttre förvandling, där kläderna fungerar symboliskt för rådande paradigm och huvudkaraktärens position till det feminina. Huvudkaraktärens utveckling slutar i en ”gyllene medelväg” där hon representerar ”den gyllene medelkvinnan”. Romanen skildrar fostrande både inom paradigmens ramar och mot skapandet av det egna subjektet, och rymmer därför inläsning av flera olika budskap. 

  • 707.
    Vembar, Harini
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Inside the Fat Woman, Trying to Get out": Louise Glück's Lyric Poetry and the Aesthetics of Anorexia2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In How to Disappear Completely, Kelsey Osgood asserts that modern accounts of anorexia are often written in first person and glamorize the illness. Moreover, these memoirs are often written from the perspective of a healed body and thus, the authenticity of these memoirs is questionable. Or as Strawson argues, "telling and retelling one’s past leads to changes, shifts away from the facts" (Strawson 447). This trend is clearly observed in most narratives of anorexia nervosa, wherein the past is reinvented and reshaped.

    The anorectic’s story then, is a misrepresentation of the illness experience as the narratives are a fabricated reconstruction of the past. Addressing this issue, scholars such as Lawrence J Kirmayer and Josie Billington propose that rather than the narrative form, the lyric poem is better suited to capture illness experiences as "lyric poetry tends to emphasize simultaneity, evoking a moment of consciousness." (L. J. Kirmayer 20) .

    Drawing from current theories in medical humanities, my thesis analyses the lyric poems of Louise Glück on anorexia nervosa and asks the following questions – Is there an anorexic aesthetic in lyric poetry? How does the lyric form contribute to our understanding of the illness and finally, is the lyric form better suited to convey, understand, and examine the illness?

  • 708.
    Vesterlund, Liselotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Queering the Detective Novel2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Agatha Christie's novels have previously been studied for their intricate puzzles and her many ways of concealing the murderer and misleading the reader. Her novels may be considered two-dimensional, middlebrow and domestic with their confined, often rural settings, stereotypic characters and an almost complete lack of sex and violence.Thus, the texts of Christie are not what come to mind when thinking of queer theory.However, this does not mean that her texts cannot be queered.This essay explores the queer elements of the texts and provides a queer reading based on queer theory and gender theory. It becomes apparent that the queerness of Christie’s detective novels is formed from her convention-breaking style, her eccentric detectives and stereotypic characters in combination with an abundance of narrative clues pointing towards a less ordered universe beneath the traditional surface of English society. Superficially, Christie’s detective novels may seem to re-establish the status quo in society, although a closer look will reveal that it is not so. Central to her narratives are the detectives, who are operating outside of the legal system, thus introducing social disorder by circumventing police, judge and executioner. Moreover, her stereotypic characters are all performers, presenting a persona, a disguise. This stereotyping is accomplished through irony and humour, in other words camp, with the detectives performing gender in an almost drag-like manner.This essay has merely glanced at ways of queering Christie’s detective novels and future studies could make a more in-depth study of ways in which Christie’s text can be queered, thereby changing our understanding of her texts.

  • 709.
    Wall, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "If it hurts, why don't you cry?": How the characters in the novel heal from the atrocities of slavery through the return of Beloved.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 710.
    Widén Lilja, Carl
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "[F]rom dark to dark": Deconstruction and Abjection in Cormac McCarthy's The Road2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay presents a reading of Cormac McCarthy’s The Road from a dual theoretical outlook. Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction and Julia Kristeva’s theory of abjection both employ the Platonic concept of khôra/chora as a ‘site’ that lies beyond language. Based on these theories, the essay explores how the post-apocalyptic narrative of The Road is aimed at the limits of language. The first section of the essay is focused on deconstruction, which is enacted by way of thematic criticism. The narrative is interpreted in the light of a series of central deconstructive concepts. The post-apocalyptic world filled with ashes provides a metaphor for the Derridean view of language as a structure of cinders – ashes – that are held in the ‘receptacle’ of khôra. Both tropes of absence, cinders and khôra make up the structure of language that is characterized by expectation; it is, Derrida has claimed, a messianic structure that awaits the coming of something wholly other beyond language. Answering the expectation inherent in the ashen structure, the boy of the narrative emerges as a messianic figure who is wholly other, as is seen in his morality that differs from that of the survivors of the apocalypse, as well as that of the pre-apocalyptic society. In the second section of the essay, the narrative is explored from the perspective of Julia Kristeva’s theories of abjection, especially as interpreted by Barbara Creed in the analysis of horror texts. It is argued that the horrors of The Road are represented in different figurations of the maternal. For the protagonists, literal and figurative wombs are sources of abject horror, and the main maternal figure of the narrative, the wife/mother of the protagonists, is conflated in the unnamed man’s dreams with the abject monster in the cave-dream in the opening of the narrative.  

  • 711.
    Wikström, Jenny
    Åbo Akademi.
    Fotografiet bleknar, hon försvinner: materia, begär och Gilles Deleuzes litteraturfilosofi i Henry Parlands Sönder2013Book (Other academic)
  • 712.
    Wikström, Jenny Jarlsdotter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Det perikapitalistiska landskapet: Svampar befolkar ruinerna i Anna Tsings manual för en ny kapitalismkritik2017In: Sensorium Journal, ISSN 2002-3030, Vol. 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 713. Wischmann, Antje
    Performing Space—A Modernist Hembygd : An Exploration of Sara Lidman’s Works2014In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 37-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Dieser Beitrag über das ‚modernistische Heimatdorf’ in Sara Lidmans Werk bzw. ‚die Heimat des Lidmanschen Werkes im literarischen Modernismus‘ baut auf der Erfahrung eines Aufenthaltes in Missenträsk auf (März 2013). Im Geburtshaus der Dichterin habe ich mich von den konkreten und textlichen Spuren des Ortes leiten lassen, eine Auswahl von Werken gelesen und mich, als deutsche Literaturwissenschaftlerin und Touristin, einem biographischen und atmosphärischen Experiment ausgesetzt. Vor diesem Hintergrund setzt sich die Werkauswahl aus den beiden ersten Romanen (1953, 1955) und dem zweiten Teil der Romanserie Jernbanan (1983–1999) zusammen, die einen starken regionalen Bezug aufweisen. Hinzu kamen einer der sogenannten Afrika-Romane, Jag och min son (1961), und das Protokoll-Buch Gruva (1968), die den dörflichen Horizont zwar klar überschreiten, aber dennoch gemeinsame thematische Komponenten und verwandte erzähltechnische Gestaltungsmittel aufweisen.

    Die mehrfache Fokalisierung ist eines der Verfahren Lidmans, die für einen eigenartigen Übergang zwischen der Wahrnehmungsposition von impliziter Erzählinstanz und den jeweils involvierten Figuren sorgt. Auf diese Weise wird das ‚biograpische Interesse‘ der Lesenden immer wieder geweckt, die häufig eine Sprachrohrfigur vorzufinden meinen, aber niemals Klarheit über die jeweilige Parteinahme gewinnen können. Zugleich wird eine geschlechtsspezifische Zuordnung der Perspektiven verunsichert, denn der weiblich und der männlich konnotierte Blick können gleichzeitig zur Anwendung kommen.

    Trotz meiner biographischen Neugier, die auf die atmosphärische Wirkung von Missenträsk zurückgeht, liegt der Schwerpunkt der vorliegenden Analyse auf der sprachlichen Konstruktion des Heimatdorfes. Diese Verankerung in der mündlichen Sprache (als sprachlich erzeugter Ort) weist ebenso deutlich eine eigene Historizität auf wie der regional-, kultur-und mediengeschichtliche Wandel Norrlands. Nimmt man eine distan-zierte, ethnographische Haltung ein, wie sie Lidman selbst in der Serie Jernbanan nahelegt, ergibt sich eine Neubewertung der Kombinationen von historischen, auch dialektalen sprachlichen Registern: Dieses Verfahren zielt darauf ab, dass die Lesenden im performativen Nachvollzug die Kon-flikte zwischen den staatlichen Institutionen und Akteuren und den neuen Siedlern in Norrland erfahren können. Diese in der gesprochenen Sprache der Lokalbevölkerung aufgeführten sozialen und psychischen Konflikte hinterlassen Spuren in den Träumen, Gedanken, Dialogen, Lektüren und Texten. Der historische Ort erscheint vornehmlich als ein Konglomerat, das die mündliche Rede von Zeitzeugen hervorgebracht hat.

    Die Erzählinstanz nimmt sich der vielstimmigen Figurenrede an und dokumentiert den historischen Sprachgebrauch, unabhängig davon, ob ein realistischer oder phantastischer Code zur Geltung kommt. Häufig taucht das Motiv einer verzerrten Nachahmung auf. Dies kann als programmatischer Hinweis auf eine Ästhetik einer formalen, hier performativen und narrativen Mimesis gedeutet werden, die besonders klar den Nexus von sprachlichen und sozialen Handlungen herausstellt. Sprechen ist Handeln. Das Glossar, das den ländlichen Dialekt und Soziolekt ins Hochschwedische überträgt, unterstreicht ebenfalls das sprachliche Handlungspotential, das unmittelbare soziale und politische Effekte herbeiführen kann. In der Serie Jernbanan werden die stilistischen Kollisionen zugespitzt, wobei lautliche und syntaktische Mittel hinzutreten. Dies ist als prosalyrisches Verfahren gedeutet worden, kann aber auch der nachdrücklichen Betonung der inszenierten mündlichen Rede in ihrem Vollzug dienen.

  • 714.
    Åstrand, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Att ställa sin estetik på intet: En studie av modernistisk prosaestetik i Thorsten Jonssons roman Konvoj2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this essay lies on examining the modernistic aesthetics of prose in Thorsten Jonsson’s novel Konvoj (1947). When Walter Benjamin wrote ”The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” he proved that new technological inventions affected the reception of art. By studying Konvoj in light of Benjamin’s theory, this study indicates that the technology of modernity affects the narrative and the use of metaphors in the novel. In addition I want to investigate how Konvoj can be studied through the theories of Marshall Berman, Theodor W. Adorno and Anthony Giddens, and this by envisioning the modernistic prose as a response to the 19th century modernity. This study illustrates that the style and the narrative aspects of the novel can be understood through modernity, and that the plot (and the characters) are all affected by it. The protagonist of the novel, Antoni Borowski, becomes an object when he is caught in a situation he can’t control, but also a subject when caught in situations he is capable of taking control of. The analysis shows that Konvoj is not only an innovative and an experimental novel in terms of its narrative, but also a novel in which the distinction between nature and culture affects the protagonist Borowski with confusion and alienation.

  • 715.
    Åstrand, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Han fattas mig: En studie av poetisk sorgeframställning hos Bodil Malmsten och Elisabeth Rynell2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how grief is created and expressed in the poetry collections Det här är hjärtat by Bodil Malmsten and Nattliga samtal by Elisabeth Rynell. Based on a theory that emotions are created in a contact between subject and object, it appears in the survey that narrator in each collection of poems expressing and handles grief differently. The narrator in Det här är hjärtat is static and will never come out of grief while the narrator in Nattliga samtal is dynamic and moves on from sorrow.

  • 716.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Let's get those Winchesters pregnant": Male pregnancy in Supernatural fan fiction2010In: Transformative Works and Cultures, ISSN ISSN 1941-2258, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates mpreg slash fiction—same-sex relationships featuring male pregnancy—based on the television series Supernatural, looking at issues of gender and genre. It has been argued that slash writing is a highly subversive and resisting activity, appropriating someone else's characters and rewriting the romance script to suit different tastes than those prescribed by patriarchy. Yet fan fic texts are very diverse and it is difficult, if not impossible, to draw any general conclusions from them. The theme of male pregnancy has the potential to produce narratives that challenge our notions of gender, identity, sexual and social practices, as well as parenthood. Although the fan fiction I have analyzed all deals with these notions in various ways, the focus lies elsewhere. The authors of the texts focus more on exploring Sam and Dean as fathers and homemakers, on writing about family life, with all its traditional trappings. When the authors bring pregnancy into the equation, they draw on narrative and social conventions that follow this experience, resulting in conventional stories set in a very unconventional universe

  • 717.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Post-feminist fatherhood and the marginalization of the mother in Cormac McCarthy's the road2018In: Women - A Cultural Review, ISSN 0957-4042, E-ISSN 1470-1367, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 112-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Critics have tended to dismiss feminist analyses of Cormac McCarthy's works as misguided, labelling investigations of potential narrative misogyny in his novels as irrelevant. In this article, the author argues that such investigations are, on the contrary, highly relevant in the current climate of mother-blaming. The author specifically explains how McCarthy’s 2006 dystopian novel The Road uses post-feminist fatherhood to valorize the father and vilify the mother, thus participating in a continuing cultural trend of privileging fathers over mothers. The Road invokes traditional cultural expectations of motherhood and fatherhood, presenting the mother as unable and unwilling to care for the boy, in stark contrast to the very competent and able father. Many literary analyses of this highly acclaimed novel have unquestioningly accepted the post-feminist marginalization of the mother, and critics have elaborated on and developed the mother-blaming in the novel in a move that the author terms ‘critical co-writing’. Critical co-writing occurs when critics ally themselves with an author, rather than retaining a critical distance, and represent the author's ideas without problematizing them. In the case of The Road, many critics build on post-feminist cues in the novel, adding their own, unreflected, understandings of motherhood and fatherhood. In so doing, they reinterpret and rewrite the novel into an even more forceful presentation of flawed mothering. In a critical discussion of these readings, the author demonstrates how these critics transform the novel's implicit criticism of the mother character into explicit condemnation.

  • 718.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Referred pain: privileging male emotions in narrative instances of female physical suffering2011In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 125-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses literary patterns of female subordination, and focuses in particular on what the author terms "referred pain." By juxtaposing two early modern texts, William Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus and Aphra Behn's Oroonoko, with two modern visual texts, John Woo's Mission Impossible 2 and Baz Lurhman's Moulin Rouge, the author discusses the recurring trope of privileging male emotional suffering over female physical suffering, and suggests that one reason for the continuing popularity of this can be sought in the kinship system and its exchange of women. The article argues for the application of a transhistorical perspective when studying literature, as a means of revealing patterns that may otherwise go unnoticed.

  • 719.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Sucking the Corrupte Mylke of an Infected Nurse": regulating the dangerous maternal body2015In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 574-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on medieval medical encyclopaedias, early modern and Victorian advice books, as well as twentieth scientific advice to mothers, and linking them to present-day mothering discourse in the media, this article discusses cultural attitudes towards breast-milk and nursing mothers. The texts present a paradox in that while breast-milk is claimed as the best food for an infant, and mothers who choose not to nurse are vilified, it is simultaneously discussed as a potential poison and corrupting agent. I argue that the fear of breast-milk is a symptom of a cultural anxiety that periodically resurfaces, constructing the maternal body as threat to the infant, a threat that must be controlled and contained.

  • 720.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Politics of Tradition: Examining the History of the Old English poems The Wife's Lament and Wulf and Eadwacer2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Book Description:

    In recent years, Anglo-Saxonists have widened the scope of their studies to include not only various aspects of Anglo-Saxon society and literature, but also their own discipline. Studying the scholarship on The Wife's Lament and Wulf and Eadwacer, Åström examines the roles of these scholars in the critical history of the two poems. These poems are two of the most haunting, and at the same time cryptic, texts of the entire Old English corpus. Because of these characteristics, the research they inspire is wide-ranging, imaginative and provocative. The study focuses mainly on two aspects of scholarly research: the emergence of a professional identity among Anglo-Saxonist scholars and their choice of either a metaphoric or metonymic approach to the material. A final chapter charts the concomitant changes within Old English feminist studies. The study summarises the approaches to points of ambiguity in the poems and provides a comprehensive bibliography of twentieth century scholarship on the two texts, which should make it not only a concise introduction to the field of Old English studies, but also a useful work of reference for anyone wishing to pursue further research on the poems.

  • 721.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Arbetarlitteraturen och gestaltningsproblemet: exemplet Karl Östman2011In: Från Nexø till Alakoski: aspekter på nordisk arbetarlitteratur / [ed] Bibi Johnson, Magnus Nilsson, Birthe Sjöberg, Jimmy Vulovic, Lund: Litteraturvetenskap, Språk och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet , 2011, p. 35-45Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 722.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Att pröva bilderna-Vadan och varthän?2008In: Våra favoriter bland Viktor Rydbergs dikter / [ed] Birthe Sjöberg, Lund: Språk och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet , 2008, p. 6-Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 723.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Att sjunga opp landet": Norrland och gestaltningsproblemet2010In: Regionernas bilder: estetiska uttryck från och om periferin / [ed] Heidi Hansson, Maria Lindgren Leavenworth, Lennart Pettersson, Umeå: Institutionen för språkstudier , 2010, 1, p. 29-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 724.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Berättelserna och populärkulturen2008In: Ungdomskulturer - äger eller suger?: möjliga möten inom svenskämnet / [ed] Madeleine Ellvin och Lena Holmbom, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2008, p. 93-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 725.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Bilden och rummet: Reflexioner över Bachtins kronotop-begrepp2006In: Dialogens tenker: Nordiske perspektiver på Bakhtin, Spartacus forlag, Oslo , 2006, p. 359-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 726.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Den historiska romanen och äventyret2016In: Veritas. Viktor Rydberg-sällskapets tidskrift, ISSN 0284-6462, no 31, p. 39-52Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 727.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Det "egentliga" Norrland: att se och att se tillbaka2017In: Brännpunkt Norrland: perspektiv på en region i förändring / [ed] Anders Öhman & Bo Nilsson, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017, p. 119-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 728.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Digital och traditionell läsning: hypertexter, modernism, inlevelse2017In: Digital humaniora: humaniora i en digital tid / [ed] Per-Olof Erixon & Julia Pennlert, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, 1, p. 189-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 729.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Doxa eller debatt: recension av Hanne-Lore Anderssons avhandling Doxa eller debatt2009In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1, p. 96-99Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 730.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Felski och den postkritiska läsningen: reflektion2017In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1, p. 15-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 731.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Hjoggböle2006In: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 732.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Instängdhet, skvaller och idyll": Lars Widding och Umeå2013In: Umeå 1314-2014: 100 berättelser om 700 år / [ed] Lars-Gunnar Olsson & Susanne Haugen; Lars-Erik Edlund & Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå; Skellefteå: Artos & Norma, 2013, p. 192-196Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 733.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Jaget, rättegången och det kärleksfulla seendet2008In: Tänd eld!: essäer om Agnes von Krusenstjernas författarskap / [ed] Jenny Björklund & Anna Williams, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2008, 1, p. 189-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 734.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Jantelagen och äventyret i Kurt Salomonsons författarskap2017In: Du ska inte tro att du är något: om Jantelagens aktualitet / [ed] Anders Johansson och Maria Jönsson, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017, p. 87-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 735.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Kurt Salomonson: Äventyret och arbetarlitteraturen2016In: "inte kan jag berätta allas historia?": föreställningar om nordisk arbetarlitteratu / [ed] Beata Agrell, Åsa Arping, Magnus Gustafson, Christer Ekholm, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet , 2016, p. 99-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article refects upon the role of adventure, both as a compositional feature and as an ideology, in the Swedish author Kurt Salomonson’s novels. Salomonson is usually labelled a working-class author, and this often tends to implicate a realistic style of writing. The article, however, argues that some of his novels use the genre of the adventure novel in order to launch his theme of taking risks, so as to change one’s social position and to investigate contemporary society. According to Mikhail Bakhtin, the hero of the adventure novel is not biographically determined. His or her actions are not governed by their biography or social position. The adventurer as a character and the genre of the adventure novel are used to look into the different social layers of society, as well as into the world of the workers. This perspective opens up for a more nuanced conception of working-class literature.

  • 736.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Litteraturdidaktik, fiktioner och intriger2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 737.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages. CSVOV, Centre for the Study of science and Values.
    Norrland and the question of cultural identity2007In: Centring on the peripheries: studies in Scandinavian, Scottish, Gaelic and Greenlandic literature / [ed] Bjarne Thorup Thomsen, Norwich: Norvik Press, 2007, p. 59-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 738.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Norrland som identitet och periferi2016In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 3-4, p. 25-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Norrland as Identity and Periphery

    In this article I discuss the attempt, on the part of Swedish authors Pelle Molin, Olof Högberg and Gustav Hedenvind-Eriksson, to construct a Norrlandic identity around the turn of the twentieth century. Although Norrland is a part of Sweden, it has often been looked upon as something "other". Historically, there is a long tradition of viewing Norrland as a periphery, and as the great unknown. From the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when Norrland first became a concept to the rest of Sweden, it was as region lacking an identity of its own. Norrland was regarded as an object for the central power of Sweden, a view that might be labelled "colonial". Norrland was fundamentally conceived of as exotic "nature" – that is, as the opposite of culture – due to the fact that it supplied the natural resources which helped to create wealth in Sweden: the forests, the ore fields, and hydropower. The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th witnessed attempts to construct another Norrland, with a history and a cultural identity of its own. It is particularly in fiction that this different Norrland begins to come into being.

  • 739.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Olof Högbergs Den stora vreden och skapandet av Norrland2015In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 136, p. 260-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I analyse Olof Högberg’s novel Den stora vreden [The Great Wrath], published in Sweden in 1906. The novel has been regarded as one of the first novels from the northern part of Sweden. I argue that Högberg used the novel in order to invent a cultural identity for Norrland, in much the same way as contemporary postcolonial literature does. Högberg, and other authors from the northern parts of Sweden in the early 20th century, reacted against the exploitation of the north by companies from the south of Sweden. The north had abundant natural resources: big forests, ore fields and great rivers, but was regarded as a wilderness or a wasteland with few inhabitants. In opposition to this view, Högberg wanted to incorporate stories, tales and legends from the north into his novel in order to show that the Norrlandic people had a history; they had an origin and a cultural identity. But Högberg also wanted to create an imagined community, a nation of Norrland, with his novel. To achieve this, he turned to the genre of the adventure novel. His main characters were representatives of different groups in Norrland. There was Svarte-Mickel, representing the common man; there was Emanuel Bredman, a representative of the indigenous Sami people; and there was Mäster-Sara, a representative of the strong woman of the north. The heroes followed the pattern of the adventure novel. They all had to leave their homes and go into the world, but returned in order to resurrect the nation of Norrland. In this way Högberg’s novel was about inventing Norrland as a nation.

  • 740.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Recension av Arctic Discourses. red. Anka Ryall, Johan Schimanski & Henning Howlid Waerp2011In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 132, p. 333-335Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 741.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Recension av Isabella Josefsson, Pelle Molins brev2012In: OKNYTT. Tidskrift för Johan Nordlander-sällskapet, ISSN 0349-1706, Vol. 33, no 1-2, p. 80-84Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 742.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sestaviti vse skupaj: O romanu Knjiznica kapitana Nema Pera Olova Enquista2008In: Knjiznica kaptitana nema / [ed] Per Olof Enquist, Ljublana: Beletrina, Študentska založba , 2008, p. 224-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 743.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Vägen från Hjoggböle: Om Kurt Salomonson och Per Olov Enquist2010In: Replikens platser: festskrift till Dag Nordmark / [ed] Helene Blomqvist, Jonas Ingvarsson, Margaretha Ullström, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2010, p. 13-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 744.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Äventyret och historien2009In: Kulturhjälten: Viktor Rydbergs humanism, Stockholm: Atlantis bokförlag , 2009, p. 271-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 745.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Äventyrets tid: den sociala äventyrsromanen i Sverige 1841-18591990Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this thesis is the social-adventure novel which was popular in the 1840s and early 1850s in Sweden. In contrast to literary critics who have tended to regard the thrilling plot of the genre as merely a way of creating effects, I try to analyze the plot as a bearer of both meaning and ideology. Inspired by the Russian scholar Mikhail Bakhtin, I define the plot in the genre as an adventure-plot, with links back to the novel of Antiquity.

    In an introductory chapter I discuss theories of genres which resembles the social- adventure novel. I conclude the chapter with a brief discussion of the differences between the adventure novel and the biographical novel. In chapter 2 I look into the reception of the social-adventure novel by contemporary critics.

    In the first case-study, I examine Samvetet eller Stockholms mysterier, 1850, (The Conscience or the Mysteries of Stockholm), by C. F. Ridderstad. By means of the ad­venture-plot we are introduced to everyday life in Stockholm in the middle of the cen­tury. But the adventure-plot also had other possibilities. It could be used to examine the various competitive moral and ideological views that were current at the time. In the second case-study, I analyze a variant of the social-adventure novel which deals with the development of the individual.

    The need to examine ideology and its values is essential in the historical-adventu­re novel. This case-study contains readings of novels by Ridderstad, J. A. Kiellman- Göranson and C. J. L. Almqvist. The function of the plot in the historical-adventure novel is to test the "natural" qualities of the heroes; to examine the ideology of the vil­lain; and finally to claim that history in the end depends upon the (im) moral actions of the individual. This is created through the mixture in the novels of historical time and adventure-time.

    The thesis ends with an analysis of a novel by Viktor Rydberg, Den siste athenaren, 1859, (The Last Athenian). In this novel there is also an adventure plot, but no ad- venture-time. The reason for this is that Rydberg only uses the adventure plot for his own monologic view of history and the destiny of mankind. Rydberg's novel marks an ending. It stands as the final expression of that period which began in the 1830s, in which the novel emerged as a leading genre in Swedish literature.

  • 746.
    Öhman, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Inledning2015In: Litteratur och läsning: Litteraturdidaktikens nya möjligheter / [ed] Maria Jönsson, Anders Öhman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2015, p. 9-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 747.
    Österberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Adapting the Men in Jane Eyre: A Comparative Analysis of Two Movie Adaptations (from 1943 and 2011) of the novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë, with a Focus on the Male Characters2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a comparative analysis of two film adaptations (from 1943 and 2011) of Charlotte Brontë’s  Jane Eyre, with a focus on the male characters. My aim is to study how patriarchal control is adapted for the screen, compared to the original novel. The focus is on the characters John Reed, Mr. Brocklehurst, Mr. Rochester and St. John Rivers. The analysis is about how the filmmakers depict the essence of the characters, why they chose to do so and what determinants influenced the two films; furthermore, how this affects Jane’s character and her pursuit for independence. The thesis of this essay is that there is a difference in the interpretation of the male characters in the two films compared to the novel Jane Eyre and this affects Jane’s pursuit for independence. My conclusion is that although the films differ in narration and filming technique, the strongest impact on the discourse is the changed script due to politics and production code.

  • 748. Österlund, Mia
    et al.
    Söderberg, Eva
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Litteratur och konst som flickforskningens teoretiska språngbräda2013In: Flicktion: perspektiv på flickan i fiktionen / [ed] Eva Söderberg, Mia Österlund och Bodil Formark, Malmö: Universus Academic Press , 2013, p. 11-25Chapter in book (Other academic)
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