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  • 751.
    Zhang, Jundan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tourism and the Sámi in transition: a discourse analysis of Swedish newspapers from 1982 to 20152018Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 163-182Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to contribute to a more nuanced understanding of how tourism in Sápmi is positioned in the broader discourses that contribute to the construction of Sámi identities. This is done through examining how the tourism industry is represented in the ethno-political discourses in newspaper media. Employing a discourse analysis framework, we collected 165 articles from 29 major Swedish newspapers for the period 1982–2015. The results show that the ethno-political discourses construct, and are constructed by, the discursive practice of tourism in Sápmi, thus forming an ongoing dialectical process. This process entails three aspects. First, while some narratives in newspapers construct a social knowledge that portrays the Sámi people as “exotic others” in the global and domestic tourism industry, others show that tourism can also be an opportunity to challenge such a view. Second, these news narratives demonstrate how the ethno-political discourses are intertwined in the social relations between tourism and other natural-resource-based industries. Third, an ever-changing social identity construction shows that, with the changing role of reindeer herding in the Sámi identity, how tourism assists or challenges this association is becoming increasingly important.

  • 752. Zhang, Jundan
    et al.
    Shelton, Eric
    Authentic Antipodean Chineseness? A Scholar's Garden in Aotearoa/New Zealand2012Inngår i: Journal of China Tourism Research, ISSN 1938-8160, E-ISSN 1938-8179, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 248-267Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    “Chineseness” may be linked to the Chinese garden and ancient Chinese poetry. This article presents a study set in a Chinese garden in Dunedin, New Zealand. This scholar’s garden ismarketed as being authentic in that it was designed in China, constructed using traditional materials imported from China, and built according to traditional principles by Chinese artisans. In this article we critique the use of the term authentic in this setting and argue that it is the visitors’ experiences of the garden that act to authenticate authenticity, or otherwise, depending on their personal characteristics. In addition, we argue that ancient Chinese poetry is a suitable and important medium through which to offer visitors opportunities to engage with the garden and with Chineseness.

  • 753.
    Zhang, Jundan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tucker, Hazel
    University of Otago.
    Knowing subjects in an unkown place: producing identity through tourism and heritage in Niru Village, Southwest China2018Inngår i: Heritage at the interface: interpretation and identity / [ed] Glenn Hooper, Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2018, s. 106-120Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 754.
    Zillinger, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Guided tourism: the role of guidebooks in German tourist behaviour in Sweden2007Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism is a spatial phenomenon. Tourist behaviour on-site is not only dependent on the destination itself, but also on the situation in other places, tourists’ spatial mobility and access to information. On the basis of this argument, the whole tourism system is taken into account in this thesis. The aim is to analyse the interplay between mobility, tourist behaviour and guidebooks. The focus lies on German tourists in Sweden. Due to the importance of guidebooks to this visitor group, the thesis concentrates particularly on guidebooks as source of information.

    In the first article, power relations that steer the selection of Swedish tourist sites in German guidebooks are analysed. The results show that the selection of tourist sites is dependent on personal, editorial, geographical, economic and tourism-sociological factors. The production of information is dependent on a complex web of power relations, the core of which is constituted by authors, publishers and readers.

    In the second article, the content in German guidebooks on Sweden is analysed. Besides Stockholm and Northern Lapland, the regions presented most frequently are usually located in the south of the country. It is found that guidebooks influence German tourists’ choices of tourist sites in Sweden, and that this influence increases with the distance from Germany. The study also shows that guidebooks contribute to constructing tourism space and providing places with meaning.

    In the third article, it is shown that information and time availability influence tourist mobility. The existence of an individual travel rhythm is confirmed, which is defined as a travel pattern that is independent of the tourist sites that are visited. It includes, among other things, long travel distances the first and last days of the holiday, a short first stay-over, the longest stay in the region with the greatest distance from home, and a relation between the length of stay at one place and the distance covered when departing.

    In the last article, tourist behaviour is analysed. The results dispel the predominant impression in current tourism discourse that states that tourists are continually active during their holidays. It is found that the major difference between home and tourist behaviour is not constituted by the activities themselves, but by a difference in place, followed by a slower pace in which activities are performed and a limited time period. Spatial mobility, the characteristics of place and access to information all influence tourist behaviour on-site.

    In conclusion, it is found that tourist information, mobility and behaviour on the spot are closely connected. Tourists consume the tourism space created in guidebooks, and recreate this space when travelling, as they choose individually how to respond to the information provided. Actors, places and tourist structures all exist in relation to each other. For the resulting behaviour in place, this means that it is not only the supply at the destination that is important, but also the situation in tourists’ home regions and along their travel routes.

  • 755.
    Zugschwerdt, Marc
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    'Designing out Crime' – A Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Crime in Umeå2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The creation of sustainable and safe environments nowadays moves more and more into focus for urban planners and architects. Cities should be designed in a way to contribute to social cohesion, shaping an inclusive environment and focusing on the wellbeing of its citizens. Nevertheless, these processes can be undermined by public crime and the fear of crime, which is not only affecting aspects of personal safety but also affecting the people’s behaviour. Reasons why criminality occurs are manifold, impacted by a dynamic set of socioeconomic, demographic, personal but also environmental aspects. In recent years especially the impact of factors related to urban and environmental design respectively planning received rising attention in the field of crime prevention. However, the implementation of strategies regarding ‘crime prevention through environmental design’ or ‘designing out crime’ is still in its early stage in Sweden.

     

    This study aims to investigate spatial and temporal patterns of public crime for the case of Umeå in order to identify potential risk areas, which could receive particular attention regarding crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED). In this sense a GIS based spatial analysis had the aim to detect statistically significant hotspots of crime and furthermore to assess the development of these hotspots over time. In order to understand the nature of public crime and criminal behaviour in Umeå in a more holistic way, also temporal aspects regarding the occurrence of crime were analysed. One particularly vulnerable neighbourhood was examined with a qualitative field observation regarding the principles of crime prevention through environmental design in order to assess in which way the built environment is designed and suited to prevent and deter criminality.

     

    Umeå displays rather clear patterns of higher crime activity, assigned to seasonal, weakly and daily periods, which are connected to higher activity in the public space. Also from a spatial perspective certain patterns are detectable with a higher vulnerability for crime at spots which generate higher activity such as shopping areas or neighbourhoods with nightlife and transport hub functions, and in general neighbourhoods with a higher building density. The neighbourhood of Ålidhem displayed thereby a high concentration of criminality, marked as a constant or even intensifying hotspot for the entire period of investigation. The results of the field observation regarding principles of CPTED are especially indicating a lack of maintenance and furthermore the street and building layout is contributing to disorientation. On the other hand, the area is in most cases well equipped for natural surveillance and provides a high amount of locations for leisure and recreation in order strengthen social cohesion.

  • 756.
    Åberg, Ebba
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Handelsutveckling i Umeå Kommun - en analys av potentiell handelsutveckling för Strömpilens handelsområde i förmån för samhället och befolkningstillväxten i Umeå Kommun2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Umeå is a town in northern Sweden that currently has a few different strategies to reach population growth, one of these strategies is to develop shopping areas. Shopping development can generate jobs, wages, visitors and this in turn can a have positive outcome in consumption and population growth. The kind of shopping that should be established in a city is based on the socio-economic status of the population, shopping demand and the existing shopping supply at the local stores. There are several aspects that are important during shopping development, the physical environment, the economy and “sense of place” which is the local resident’s image of the local community. These aspects should be consider to maximize the positive effects and minimizing the negative effects. In Umeå there are five different shopping areas, one in the city center and four are external shopping areas. One shopping area called Strömpilen is going through a planning and development process, which is the focus for this study. The study is going to analyze what could and needs be done at Strömpilen so it can, once again become an attractive shopping area. The method used for this study is in-depth interviews with three people in Umeå who is working with shopping development. The results from the interviews showed that Strömpilen will work on establishing larger stores (larges sizes). The supply will be different from what is already established in Umeå to complement and attract customers to visit Strömpilen. Transportation and access to the shopping area should be improved and developed. Environmental-friendly products and communication with potential customers as well as events in marketing purposes is essential for shopping development.

  • 757.
    Åberg, Kajsa G.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    "Anyone could do that": Nordic perspectives on competence in tourism2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In academic reasoning, as well as policy rhethoric, much attention has been drawn to the low thresholds to employment and entrepreneurship in tourism. The purpose of this thesis is to go beyond the simplified images and examine the educational characteristics of the tourism workforce in a way that includes both a geographical and work task related aspect. By employing a sequential mix of methods, two perspectives on competence in tourism are presented. First, the actual presence of formal education within the workforce is mapped and discussed based on descriptive analyses of register data. Thereafter, thematic analyses of interviews are used to allow for a discussion on underlying reasoning of recruitment. The theoretical point of departure is that the workforce is a crucial input factor of the production process in labour intense service sectors such as tourism. However, the access to a suitable workforce differs between destinations. It is therefore imperative to scrutinize its characteristics in order to set relevant strategies for development, as well as education.

    The thesis contains four individual papers and an introductory section. The first two papers are based on register data on the Swedish national workforce in the years 2000, 2005 and 2010. The results show that the general level of formal education is not exceptionally low in tourism and that it is rather linked to geography than occupational sector. There was also confirmed to be a mismatch between tourism-specific education and work in tourism. In the second part of the thesis, focus is turned to the managerial segment within destination development. The geographical scope includes the northern region of Sweden and one case study area each in Norway and Finland. The empirical material shows that tourism-specific education was not prioritized when recruiting for destination management.

    The empirical findings are brought together in the concluding discussion of the thesis. It is there suggested that reasoning on the educational characteristics of the tourism workforce needs to  include the diversity of local preconditions and needs relating to geography and work tasks.            

  • 758.
    Åberg, Kajsa G.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Governance and Partnership in Tourism Development: On the Elusiveness of Participation in Tourism2013Inngår i: Natural resources and regional development theory / [ed] Linda Lundmark, Camilla Sandström, Umeå: Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Umeå universitet , 2013, s. 142-157Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 759.
    Åberg, Kajsa G.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Tracking the tourism-specific educated in SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 760.
    Åberg, Kajsa G.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    The development of geographical differences in education levels within the Swedish tourism industry2018Inngår i: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 20, nr S1, s. 67-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The nexus of workforce and destination development is a largely uncharted area within tourism research. The local human capital has above all been in focus when underlining tourism’s potential to create employment even for the inexperienced and less educated. However, a discordant strand of theory holds the low levels of qualified knowledge within the industry responsible for absent destination development in areas struggling to develop competitive advantages. Additionally, the in-migration of a skilled workforce may be hampered by a lack of amenities attracting permanent residents. In order to explore whether the tourism sector is characterized by a less educated share of the workforce, a study was performed using micro-level data on the full working population of Sweden during the years 2000–2010. The workforce in tourism was compared to the total and two other low-skill sectors, and the results show that the educational aspects within tourism are more related to geography than economic sectors. Contrary to general presumptions, the workforce within the tourism sector has a higher level of formal education than the other selected sectors in regions with generally low educational levels. The implication is thus that strategies aimed at creating employment for the least educated in rural areas need to be reconsidered, and not unconditionally target the tourism sector. Above all, tourism development needs to be based on assessments of local preconditions rather than a generalized image.

  • 761.
    Åberg, Kajsa G.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Svels, Kristina
    Åbo Akademi, Finland.
    Destination development in Ostrobothnia: great expectations of less involvement2018Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, s. S7-S23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-actor involvement and cooperation are emphasized elements of destination development. Whereas prior research has addressed challenges involved in creating inclusive structures and trust through bottom-up approaches, this paper’s focus is on the less explored attitude of acceptance of a top-down structure. The case study of Ostrobothnia in Finland shows a regional destination organization that went from broad involvement to less inclusiveness and transparency. Through interviews with public and private stakeholders, it was found that the formal exclusion was accepted by all actors, even those who were excluded, based on their common high expectations of enhanced effectiveness of the new organization. Building on institutional theory and inclusiveness, it is suggested that the long-lasting formal collaboration had created the trust needed among the stakeholders for a new, lean management to replace the old. However, lasting formal collaboration may also lead to development of informal networks that hinder further interaction. Any formal collaboration or partnership between the public and private sectors therefore needs to acknowledge the local socio-political context to overcome established social hierarchies and open up for new influences. Co-determination should be held as a potential solution rather than an imposed structure, as it depends on expectations and local conditions.

  • 762.
    Åhström, Jonathan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Hur planeras sportfisketurism?: En kvalitativstudie på hur sportfisketurism planeras för i destinationen Byske, Västerbotten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
  • 763.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Selling a place in the sun: International property mediation as production of lifestyle mobility2012Inngår i: Anatolia: An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, ISSN 1303-2917, E-ISSN 2156-6909, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 251-267Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Buying property abroad is not a new phenomenon, but academic research into the complexities of international property mediation is underdeveloped. This paper adopts a wide perspective on lifestyle-driven mobilities, including the semi-permanent relocation of Swedes to warmer destinations in the Mediterranean and other regions, and explores the functions of international property mediation. On the basis of data gathered from interviews with property agents, the objectives are to describe the organization of the international property sector, to understand the mediating roles of property agents, and position property mediation as production of lifestyle mobility. Property agents are understood to play a crucial role as intermediaries, influencing the client's decisions by combining instrumental, interactionary, communicative, and social functions of mediation. Because of their superior expertise on property transaction procedures and regulations, area characteristics and contact networks, agents may influence clients' decisions; however this also depends on their skills in interpreting client expectations and experiences, and the ability of the client to manage the process themselves.

  • 764.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Strategic lifestyle management in later life: Swedish lifestyle movers in Malta seeking the 'best of both worlds'2017Inngår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 23, nr 1, artikkel-id e1964Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In affluent societies, an active choice of lifestyle is increasingly becoming an option. With increased possibilities for mobility, opportunities to lead a good life can be accessed across global space. However, lifestyle management is largely directed and constrained by structural frameworks, and movers have to allocate resources and experience in order to manoeuvre structures and make optimal lifestyle choices. This paper explores how residential mobility may be used as a resource to gain access to opportunities. Based on thematic analysis of in-depth interviews, this is performed by exploring the experiences of Swedish lifestyle movers in Malta, in their tailoring of mobility practices that allow them to enjoy opportunities for the good life in both countries. The research questions that have guided this study are as follows: (a) What does the good life comprise? (b) How are structural frameworks surrounding opportunities for lifestyle management perceived by movers? and (c) In what ways do movers actively tailor their mobility practices to achieve the good life? The results show that movers are highly engaged in tailoring their access to opportunities through place fixity, such as permanent residency and social integration, and through routinised and timed mobility practices.

  • 765.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    The Best of Both Worlds: Aspirations, Drivers and Practices of Swedish Lifestyle Movers in Malta2013Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It has often been claimed that contemporary societies are shaped by globalization; the rapid interconnections of societies, economies, markets, flows and information potentially linking all places in the world to each other. In search for experiences, variation, escape or comfort, individuals are travelling, circulating, and migrating between places, challenging the notions of ‘home’ and ‘away’, ‘everyday’ and ‘extraordinary’. This thesis addresses the ways lifestyle-led mobilities are produced and performed, by studying the mobility trajectories and experiences of Swedes dividing their time seasonally between Sweden and Malta. It explores how movers are faced with a structural framework that both facilitates and directs their choices concerning mobility, and how they interpret and respond to these structures. It also explores the imaginaries, meanings, and feelings for place, identity, and lifestyle that the movers negotiate through their mobility practices and through the links they create and sustain in places. Thus, this thesis is situated in an evolving field of research on lifestyle mobilities. Lifestyle mobilities are here defined as those mobility practices undertaken by individuals based on their freedom of choice, of a temporal or more permanent duration, with or without any significant ‘home base(s)’, that are primarily driven by aspirations to increase ‘quality of life’, and that are primarily related to the individuals’ lifestyle values.

    The thesis is based on four individual papers exploring different aspects lifestyle mobility. The aim is to understand how production and performance aspects of lifestyle mobilities are related, and how notions of identity and belonging are negotiated in relation to lifestyle mobility practices. The production aspect relates to those structures and frameworks that create, facilitate, or sometimes delimit opportunities for lifestyle mobility while the performance aspect focuses on individual agency and meaning of lifestyle mobility practices. The studies are based on in-depth interviews with Swedish movers in Malta, and focus on how structural frameworks and mediations influence the ways that movers manoeuvre, manipulate or adapt to structures and influences in order to arrange their life context to achieve ‘quality of life’. A second aim focuses on the ways that movers reflect upon their identities and belongings as they travel routinely between two (or more) significant places, and how this may influence mobility practices. It is concluded that structures and mediations are both facilitating and delimiting movers’ space of choice regarding mobility decisions. Through their agency, movers negotiate their space of choice by allocating resources and experience, accessing supportive networks and tailoring their access to entitlements. The production and performance aspects of lifestyle mobility practices are interlinked in complex ways.

  • 766.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Back, Andreas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Turism på landsbygden - en betydande näring2019Inngår i: Samhällsplaneringens teori och praktik / [ed] Gunnel Forsberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, 1, s. 235-244Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 767.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Implementing Tourism Events: The Discourses of Umeå's Bid for European Capital of Culture 20142012Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 164-180Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional competitiveness has become a truism for many places today. In line with this competitive discourse, planners in Umeå, Northern Sweden, are seeking to create a sticky place where capital and people are attracted by enhancing the cultural sector through the hosting of events. By implementing the bid for the title of European Capital of Culture in 2014 through a positive growth-oriented discourse, it is hoped that a multitude of stakeholders will come together in a network of co-creation, and enhance an image of the city as a creative and gushing place with endless development possibilities. This paper studies how a development proposal is implemented among the stakeholders by seeking to create positive expectations. With a point of departure in stakeholder theory and interdiscursive analysis, this study explores the role of discourse in stakeholder dynamics and engagement. The results of this study show that implementation is not merely a marketing process, but different opinions will emerge that may contest the official discourse, and that the outcomes of the implementation strategy may be hard to control unless the official discourse is consciously elaborated to adapt to these counter-discourses.

  • 768.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Stories of lifestyle mobility: representing self and place in the search for the 'good life'2015Inngår i: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 351-370Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, mobility researchers have paid increasing attention to the flows of relatively privileged individuals whose mobility practices are largely understood to be lifestyle-motivated, consumption-led and tourism-induced (e.g. Benson, M., & O'Reilly, K. (Eds.). (2009). Lifestyle migration: Expectations, aspirations and experiences. Surrey: Ashgate; King, R., Warnes, A. M., & Williams, A. M. (2000). Sunset lives: British retirement migration to the Mediterranean. Oxford: Berg). Situated within the context of lifestyle mobilities, this paper aims to analyse the significance of place and representations of place in the movers' stories of mobility. The mobility experiences of Swedish retirees practicing routinised and seasonal mobility between Sweden and Malta have been analysed, and this paper explores how they actively give meaning to their choices and decisions. In their narratives, the movers express their representations of themselves in relation not only to their imaginings of places and to their belongings to and engagements with these places, but also to their mobility practices. The findings contribute to a discussion of how place imaginaries and self-identities are constructed through lifestyle mobility practices.

  • 769.
    Öberg, Eva-Lotta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Starkare tillsammans: Offentligt och privat samarbete-En fallstudie av Höga Kusten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation and relationships between private and public stakeholders is a growing field within tourism. Cooperation between stakeholders at a destination is by many researchers in tourism seen as a success factor for sustainable destination development. Research show that by combining assets a destination creates collective benefits for the participating stakeholders. A further seen benefit of collaboration is also that it can increase growth and competitiveness. Every cooperation relation between actors at a destination and the place where it takes place is unique, which why this subject is interesting to examine.  Cooperation take place at various locations, geographic variations, unique compositions of these factors and unique interactions between people makes cooperation complex. There is little knowledge in the field on how tourist organisations in Sweden are organized and structured. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine how public and private stakeholders cooperate to create destination development. Many destinations have created one collected destination corporation for the private and public sectors. Destination High Coast, Sweden, however still have two separate corporations with different focus and missions. This case study is based on an analysis of the public Corporation Höga Kusten Destinationsutveckling and the private corporation Höga Kusten Turism. The study aims to answer how the cooperation between the public destination development corporation and the private corporation takes shape. How unanimous they are in visions and goals and how they work together. Further what meaning and conditions for development the cooperation between the public stakeholder and the private stakeholder have. To answer the aim of the thesis, interviews with informants from both corporations has been made. The empirical material was analysed using thematic analysis and then compared to theory according networks, destination development, cooperation and governance. The results of the study reveal that the corporations have a close relationship and work together in many parts of the development of the destination. They have the same visions with different approaches and they have collectively created strategies that they work with. However, the two corporations have different focus on the development of the destination. The public corporation have a more long-term, strategic perspective. They work for the owners which is the municipalities forming The High Coast. The private corporation has a more operative and short-term perspective. They work for the entrepreneurs and the operators at the destination to establish and develop good products and then market them towards the costumer. The relation is complex, much because there are multiple stakeholders, owners and parts of the relationship and cooperation. The two corporations are also, because the different focus on the development, in a dependency relationship to create destination development and reach their goals. Both corporations state that they benefit from the cooperation and is “stronger together”

  • 770.
    Ödmark, Elin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Är kultur bättre än sport?: En studie om hur antalet gästnätter påverkas av olika evenemang2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The tourism industry is considered to be the fastest growing industry in Sweden. That people choose to travel depends on a number of factors, such as discovering something new, exercising an interest or traveling for relaxation or recreation. That a destination can offer a variety of activities is considered important when different tourists request different things.

    Events can be considered a good attraction for destinations. An event is limited in time and space but can be arranged anywhere, anytime. There are different types of events but the question is what type of event that generates the best economic effects for a destination?

    This study deals with different types of events and how these relate to the number of guest nights sold. The purpose of the paper is to investigate how different types of events contribute different value in the form of guest nights in destination Umeå and Jönköping. These two destinations were considered comparable and why are described in the table of descriptive statistics in chapter 3.4. Quantitative method where guest night statistics were compared to event databases from both destinations were used. This to see how different types of events affect the number of guest nights on the destinations as well as whether there are statistically significant differences of event types between. Umeå and Jönköping were chosen as study objects because the destinations are similar and that they have data available. The results chapter presents the results obtained from the study as shown in tables and diagrams and in the discussion and the analysis chapter the theory has been linked to the results in order to answer the purpose and the questions. This chapter also discusses the results and provides suggestions for future studies. The essay is linked together in the last chapter called summary.

  • 771.
    Öhman, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Nilsson, BoUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Brännpunkt Norrland: perspektiv på en region i förändring2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 772.
    Ölund, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Varför vill städer arrangera de Olympiska spelen?: En innehållsanalys av motiven i OS-ansökningar.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Olympic Games are today seen as one of the biggest events in the world. The Games gather the world´s athletes to compete in this great sports festival. The Olympic games are an example of what is define as a mega event. Mega events have the potential to attract both many visitors and attention from international media. The Olympic games have throughout the years been used, to create economic growth, as a catalyst for infrastructure investment, a tool to create urban renewal and for cities to reach global recognition.

    This thesis aims to examine the motives to why cities are seeking to host the Olympic Games. It also examines if Agenda 2020 has entailed any changes to why cities wants to host the Games. This has been done by studying three cities applications to arrange the Olympic Games. To examine these motives, a qualitative content analysis has been used. The result of this study tells us about the reasons why cities are seeking to become a host for the Games. All three cities argue why their city is most suited to become the host for the Games. Vancouver wants to hold the most inclusive games, London are focusing at deliver a great game because it enables great performance and Paris wants to show that we can create a better world through sport. At the same time, there are many similarities in the motives. For example, all three cities are using the Games to improve physical activity among their residents, the Games contributes for urban renewal and all three cities have a sustainability approach for the Games.    

  • 773.
    Östbring, Lisa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Labour mobility and plant performance: on the (dis)similarity between labour- and capital-intensive sectors for knowledge diffusion and productivity2013Inngår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 95, nr 4, s. 287-305Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse differences between capital- and labour-intensive sectors with regard to the impact of workforce composition and labour mobility on plant performance. By the use of geo-referenced longitudinal employer–employee data on a micro level, we analyse labour flows between plants within and between labour market regions. The analysis is carried out using weight least square (WLS) regression analysis combined with additional variance analysis (ANOVA). The results show that there are differences between the sectors with regard to both in-house workforce composition and type of skill inflow. A high degree of related knowledge in the in-house workforce has a strong positive effect on plant performance in the labour-intensive sectors. The analysis of labour inflow indicates that knowledge in the capital-intensive sectors is localized – only intra-regional labour flows give rise to increased plant productivity. In the labour-intensive sectors, the geographic and cognitive dimensions complement one another; similar knowledge needs to be non-local in order to be beneficial to plant performance, and unrelated knowledge mainly contributes to plant productivity growth when it is local.

  • 774.
    Östling, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Lockar tätort mer än landsbygd: En kvantitativ studie över urbaniseringsgradens samband med inflyttningen till Sveriges kommuner2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 775.
    Östman, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Förtätning och grönstruktur i en tid av urbanisering: Strategier i kollision?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Although the world is facing major climate changes and science shows the importance of urban green structure in order to handle these changes, it seems to be subordinate in urban planning. For that reason, the aim of this thesis is to illustrate the problems associated with the concepts of densification and green structure in the context of growing cities. 

    By making a case study of Örebro municipality, one of Sweden’s largest cities and one of the fastest growing ones, the purpose is to describe the ongoing process of densification in combination with green structure planning. This is done by identifying the municipality densification strategies and chart their distribution by categorizing newly built residential buildings and relate the result to the intentions. Furthermore, the purpose is to understand how the green structure that is being occupied is being into account and discuss the contemporary process.

    Science shows a gap concerning how green structure strategies are being implemented in strategies of densification. Besides, the national authority for housing, building and planning (Boverket) request an evaluation of what types of priorities that is done during the densification process of the Swedish municipalities. Hence, in order to answer these questions a literature study and a spatial GISanalysis was made. 

    The result shows that Örebro municipality has a strategy that aims to control the densification process by categorize different types of methods. The GIS-analysis displayed a pattern of newly built residential buildings categorized by the types of methods found in the densification strategy. Generally, the outcome seems to follow the intentions of the strategy even though the majority are built on green structure. At the same time the strategies that seeks to compensate the loss of green structure are not fully implemented in the standardized planning process. 

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