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  • 1.
    Bergfors, M
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Studies in Biology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, M
    Kalezic, N
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Lyskov, E
    Eriksson, Jan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Short-term effects of repetitive arm work and dynamic exercise on glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity.2005In: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6772, E-ISSN 1365-201X, Vol. 183, no 4, p. 345-356Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Brännäs, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Studies in Biology and Environmental Sciences.
    Effects of abiotic and biotic factors on hatching, emergence and survival in Baltic salmon (Salmo salar L.)1988Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with important factors that affect the temporal organization of emergence and early survival of Baltic salmon (Salmo salar L.). The study population was obtained from the Norrfors hatchery (63°50'N,20°05'E), Umeälven (Ume river) in Northern Sweden. The main objectives of the thesis has been to study; a: the effect of female and egg characteristics on embryonic survival, b: the effect of egg size, temperature and photoperiod on the emergence pattern and c: the impact of early or late emergence on survival in relation to predation and limited territorial space.

    The main results are summarized as follows: (1) Fecundity and egg size increased with increasing weight of females. No effect of female size were found on egg colour. Longer impoundment and later stripping increase egg colour. Egg mortality was not correlated with egg colour. Stripping date was found to have the strongest effect on mortality. (2) Egg size had no effect on the timing of emergence but fry of different egg size emerged synchronously. Fry from large eggs left the gravel as heavier fry and with a larger proportion of yolk left compared to fry from small eggs. (3) The number of days and number of degree days from hatching to 50% emergence decreased exponentially with increasing temperature. Synchronization of emergence increased with increasing temperature. Fry emerged with more yolk at 12 °C compared to 6 °C. (4) Eggs kept in a LD 16:8 light regime hatched mainly during the light period, while eggs kept in constant darkness hatched continously over a 24 hour period. Alevins kept at different light regimes (light>4h) from hatching until emergence left the gravel during the dark period. Daylength had no effect on the annual onset of emergence. (5) In a laboratory stream channel, predator presence at emergence increased mortality especially in early emerging fry. If the predator was introduced after completed emergence high mortality was noted among late emerging fry. The presence of fish predators and a limited territorial space for fry seemed to make early and late emergence hazardous and to favour a "peak" emergence. In the presence of a predator the fry changed their behaviour by reducing their swimming activity.

  • 3.
    Landström, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Studies in Biology and Environmental Sciences.
    On the determination of early cell differentiation in amphibian embryos1977Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Sjödin, Tord
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Løvtrup, Søren
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Studies in Biology and Environmental Sciences.
    Biomathematics and the fate map of the amphibian blastula1990In: Rivista di Biologia - Biology forum, ISSN 0035-6050, Vol. 83, no 1, p. 81-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A fate map of the amphibian embryo has been drawn by a computer on the basis of two simple and well-known processes of the cell differentiation. The two processes are related in so far as they both consist of the formation of a new type of cells, here called f-cells. The first process is the spontaneous formation of the Ruffini cells along the marginal edge around the circumference of the embryo, slightly below the equator. When this occurs, they will induce the neighbouring cells located towards the animal pole to undergo the same differentiation, and the induction, which seems to be rather an activation, spreads from cell to cell. The actual shape of the map is due to the fact that the formation of the Ruffine cells occurs along a temporal gradient from the dorsal to the ventral side.

  • 5.
    Söderström, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Studies in Biology and Environmental Sciences.
    The function of seasonal habitat shifts in two congeneric mayflies in a boreal river1988Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Unregulated North Swedish rivers show large seasonal variations in their physical characteristics. During winter the whole littoral zone freezes solid, and in spring the water flow increases rapidly and the same areas become flooded. The two mayflies Parameletus chelifer and P. minor are common in the North Swedish river Vindelälven. They probably pass through a dormant egg stage in its mid-stream section. The first tiny nymphs appeared in January to March, but they did not become abundant until the ice broke up in May. At this time they migrated rapidly to the flooded upper littoral, some continuing into the tributaries. During  the migration phase, both species used chemoreception to orient themselves towards the flooded areas. The shoreward migration allowed the nymphs to avoid high current velocity, and to utilize unexploited food resources. The two species differed with respect to utilization of the upper littoral. Most Parameletus chelifer nymphs colo­nized a seasonal stream, while the P. minor nymphs were equally abundant at the river margin as in a seasonal stream. Both temperature and food quality differed between the river margin and the seasonal stream. Compared to P. minor specimens, those of Parameletus chelifer showed a somewhat higher optimum tempe­rature, and they gained advantage of the higher food quality observed in the seasonal stream. Parameletus chelifer specimens colonizing a seasonal stream had higher growth rate, higher fecundity, and probably also advanced emergence as well as larger adult size compared with those remaining at the river margin. In addition mortality from fish predation may be lowered by utilizing shallow seasonal streams. Specimens of P. minor had higher growth rate, larger adult size and advanced emergence in the seasonal stream compared with those at the river margin. Nevertheless, fecundity was equal in both habitats and the mortality caused by predation seemed almost similar in both habitats. In most years Parameletus chelifer specimens utilizing the seasonal stream thus obtain a higher fitness than those utilizing the river margin. In P. minor this diffe­rence was not so pronounced. However, due to mortality risks caused by an early desiccation of the seasonal stream, the long-term reproductive output of the two species probably varies irregularly in the two habitats.

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