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  • 1.
    Al-Alawi, Kamila
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. Department of Training and Studies, Royal Hospital, Ministry of Health, Muscat, Oman.
    Al Mandhari, Ahmed
    Johansson, Helene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Care providers' perceptions towards challenges and opportunities for service improvement at diabetes management clinics in public primary health care in Muscat, Oman: a qualitative study2019In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 19, article id 18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundThe literature has described several challenges related to the quality of diabetes management clinics in public primary health care centres in Oman. These clinics continue to face challenges due to the continuous growth of individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. We sought to explore the challenges faced in these clinics and discuss opportunities for improvement in Oman.MethodsThis qualitative study was designed to include non-participant observations of diabetic patients and care providers during service provision at diabetes management clinics, as well as semi-structured interviews with care providers, at five purposively selected public primary health care centres. Care providers included physicians, nurses, dieticians, health educators, pharmacists, an assistant pharmacist, a psychologist, and a medical orderly. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis.ResultsThe study disclosed three different models of service delivery at diabetes management clinics, which, to varying degrees, face challenges related to health centre infrastructure, technical and pharmaceutical support, and care providers' interests, knowledge, and skills. Challenges related to the community were also found in terms of cultural beliefs, traditions, health awareness, and public transportation.ConclusionThe challenges encountered in diabetes management clinics fall within two contexts: health care centres and community. Although many challenges exist, opportunities for improvement are available. However, improvements in the quality of diabetic clinics in primary health care centres might take time and require extensive involvement, shared responsibilities, and implications from the government, health care centres, and community.

  • 2.
    Baroudi, Mazen
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Namatovu, Fredinah
    Petersen, Solveig
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Annelie, Carlsson
    Norström, Fredrik
    Preteen children’s health related quality of life in Sweden: changes over time and disparities between different sociodemographic groups2019In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Blomfeldt, Marcus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Medical students’ views on and attitude towards prevention and health promotion in health care2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Fors, Ronny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Ortodontics.
    Stenberg, Berndt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Dermatology and Venerology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Persson, Maurits
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Ortodontics.
    Nickel allergy in relation to piercing and orthodontic appliances: a population study2012In: Contact Dermatitis, ISSN 0105-1873, E-ISSN 1600-0536, Vol. 67, no 6, p. 342-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Studies have shown conflicting results on the association between nickel exposure from orthodontic appliances and nickel sensitization.

    Objectives & Method. In a cross-sectional study, we investigated the association between nickel sensitization and exposure to orthodontic appliances and piercings. 4376 adolescents were patch tested following a questionnaire asking for earlier piercing and orthodontic treatment. Exposure to orthodontic appliances was verified in dental records.

    Results. Questionnaire data demonstrated a reduced risk of nickel sensitization when orthodontic treatment preceded piercing (OR 0.46; CI 0.27–0.78). Data from dental records demonstrated similar results (OR 0.61, CI 0.36–1.02), but statistical significance was lost when adjusting for background factors. Exposure to full, fixed appliances with NiTi-containing alloys (OR 0.31, CI 0.10–0.98) as well as a pooled ‘high nickel-releasing’ appliance group (OR 0.56, CI 0.32–0.97) prior to piercing was associated with a significantly reduced risk of nickel sensitization.

    Conclusion. High nickel-containing orthodontic appliances preceding piercing reduces the risk of nickel sensitization by a factor 1.5–2. The risk reduction is associated with estimated nickel release of the appliance and length of treatment. Sex, age at piercing and number of piercings are also important risk indicators. Research on the role of dental materials in the development of immunological tolerance is needed.

  • 5.
    Lennartsson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    General practitioners’ experiences of suicide risk assessment and management An interview study in rural areas in northern Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6. Mgaya, Andrew H.
    et al.
    Kidanto, Hussein L.
    Nyström, Lennarth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Essen, Birgitta
    Use of a criteria-based audit to optimize uptake of cesarean delivery in a low-resource setting2019In: International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, ISSN 0020-7292, E-ISSN 1879-3479, Vol. 144, no 2, p. 199-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To evaluate the impact of a criteria‐based audit (CBA) of obstructed labor and fetal distress on cesarean delivery and perinatal outcomes.

    Methods: A cross‐sectional study was performed at a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania. Data were collected before and after CBA (January 2013–November 2013 and July 2015–June 2016). Outcomes of fetal distress (baseline CBA, n=248; re‐audit, n=251) and obstructed labor (baseline CBA, n=260; re‐audit n=250) were assessed using a checklist. Additionally, 27 960 parturients were assessed using the Robson classification.

    Results: Perinatal morbidity and mortality decreased from 42 of 260 (16.2%) to 22 of 250 (8.8%) among patients with obstructed labor after CBA (P=0.012). Cesarean delivery rate decreased for referred term multiparas with induced labor or prelabor cesarean delivery (odds ratio [OR] 0.28, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09–0.82). Cesarean delivery rate for preterm pregnancies increased among both referred (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.02–1.63) and non‐referred (OR 2.78, 95% CI 1.98–3.90) groups. Neonatal distress rate decreased for referred term multiparas (OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.56–0.92), referred preterm pregnancies (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.25–0.39), and non‐referred preterm pregnancies (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.18–0.36).

    Conclusion: Use of CBA reduced poor perinatal outcomes of obstructed labor and increased uptake of cesarean delivery.

  • 7. Nyirenda, Moffat J.
    et al.
    Ramsay, Michèle
    Byass, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. STIAS Wallenberg Research Centre, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Patterns of adult body mass in sub-Saharan Africa2018In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 11, p. 1-3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8. Ramji, Rathi
    et al.
    Nilsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Arnetz, Bengt
    Wiklund, Ywonne
    Arnetz, Judy
    Taking a Stand: An Untapped Strategy to Reduce Waterpipe Smoking in Adolescents.2019In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe use amongst adolescents is on the rise globally. Thus, there is a need to understand adolescents 'attitudes towards and perceptions of waterpipe use in order to develop specific interventions against this form of tobacco use.

    METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted among 37 Swedish adolescents (14 boys and 23 girls) from grades 10 to 12. Waterpipe users and nonusers were interviewed separately, with two groups each for users and nonusers. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and thematically analyzed using content analysis.

    RESULTS: Six themes emerged including taking a stand, weighing the risks, Lack of knowledge, Social context, Waterpipe new and unknown, and Family influence. Taking a stand was about being able to stand up for one's owns views rather than giving in to peer pressure to smoke waterpipe. Participants feared harming others via secondhand smoke and expressed criticism of the tobacco industry. Participants considered the health consequences and feared addiction. Lack of knowledge concerning health effects of waterpipe smoking due to the unavailability of credible information was also reported. Waterpipe smoking was considered a social event carried out in the company of friends. Perceived as novel and fun, waterpipe was smoked out of curiosity. Parents' and siblings' smoking behaviors influenced adolescent waterpipe use.

    CONCLUSION: Adolescents reported lacking information about the possible health effects of waterpipe smoking and that gaining such knowledge would make it easier for them to take a stand and refuse smoking waterpipe. Prevention strategies should focus on providing adolescents with factual information about the dangers of waterpipe use.

  • 9.
    Samuelsson, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Digital dengue surveillance, information, and decision tool for optimised dengue prevention - A qualitative study with voluntary health workers in Yogyakarta, Indonesia2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Santosa, Ailiana
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Högberg, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hakimi, Mohammad
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Cross-sectional survey of sexual dysfunction and quality of life among older people in Indonesia2011In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 8, no 6, p. 1594-1602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction.  The burden of sexual dysfunction among older people in many low- and middle-income countries is not well known. Understanding sexual dysfunction among older people and its impact on quality of life is essential in the design of appropriate health promotion programs.

    Aims.  To assess levels of sexual function and their association with quality of life while controlling for different sociodemographic determinants and chronic diseases among men and women over 50 years of age in rural Indonesia.

    Methods.  A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Purworejo District, Central Java, Indonesia in 2007. The study involved 14,958 men and women over 50 years old. The association between sexual dysfunction and quality of life after controlling for potential confounders (e.g., sociodemographic determinants and self-reported chronic diseases) was analyzed by multivariable logistic regression.

    Main Outcome Measures.  Self-reported quality of life.

    Results.  Older men more commonly reported sexual activity, and sexual problems were more common among older women. The majority of older men and women reported their quality of life as good. Lack of sexual activity, dissatisfaction in sexual life, and presence of sexual problems were associated with poor self-reported quality of life in older men after adjustment for age, marital status, education, and history of chronic diseases. A presence of sexual problems was the only factor associated with poor self-reported quality of life in women. Being in a marital relationship might buffer the effect of sexual problems on quality of life in men and women.

    Conclusion.  Sexual dysfunction is associated with poor quality of life among older people in a rural Javanese setting. Therefore, promotion of sexual health should be an integral part of physical and mental health campaigns in older populations.

1 - 10 of 10
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