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  • 1.
    Adamiak, Czeslaw
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Department of Spatial Planning and Tourism, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 87-100 Toruń, Poland.
    Szyda, Barbara
    Dubownik, Anna
    Garcia-Alvarez, David
    Airbnb Offer in Spain-Spatial Analysis of the Pattern and Determinants of Its Distribution2019In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, ISSN 2220-9964, Vol. 8, no 3, article id 155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rising number of homes and apartments rented out through Airbnb and similar peer-to-peer accommodation platforms cause concerns about the impact of such activity on the tourism sector and property market. To date, spatial analysis on peer-to-peer rental activity has been usually limited in scope to individual large cities. In this study, we take into account the whole territory of Spain, with special attention given to cities and regions with high tourist activity. We use a dataset of about 250 thousand Airbnb listings in Spain obtained from the Airbnb webpage, aggregate the numbers of these offers in 8124 municipalities and 79 tourist areas/sites, measure their concentration, spatial autocorrelation, and develop regression models to find the determinants of Airbnb rentals' distribution. We conclude that apart from largest cities, Airbnb is active in holiday destinations of Spain, where it often serves as an intermediary for the rental of second or investment homes and apartments. The location of Airbnb listings is mostly determined by the supply of empty or secondary dwellings, distribution of traditional tourism accommodation, coastal location, and the level of internationalization of tourism demand.

  • 2.
    Adjei Korang, Evans
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Skogen som resurs in Region Västernorrland: näringslivsnalys 2002-20152019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i perspektivet att ekonomisk utveckling i grund och botten är betingat på de kompetenser som används i produktionen av varor och tjänster, har denna rapport analyserat skogsnäringarnas utveckling i Västernorrland 2002-2015 med avseende på sysselsättning, antal arbetsgivare och arbetsinkomster. Särskilt fokus ligger på hur Västernorrlands skogsindustri är kopplad till övriga delar av näringslivet i form av det humankapital som de delar med varandra. Detta görs empiriskt genom analyser av regionens skill-relatedness, det vill säga flöden av arbetskraft mellan sektorer i regionen, för att grafiskt visa i vilken grad olika sektorer är relaterade till varandra. Utifrån argumentet att humankapital är en central resurs för regional utveckling låter vi data visa hur regionens skogsnäringar är kopplade till övriga näringslivet, och därigenom belysa branschöverskridande relationer bortom gängse föreställningar om kopplingar drivna av det officiella industriklassificeringssystemet. 

    Även om inkomstutvecklingen och andelen kvinnor i Västernorrland följer riksgenomsnittet har både antalet företag och sysselsatta utvecklats betydligt sämre i Västernorrland. Generella utbildningsnivån har ökat både i riket och i regionen, men Västernorrland har generellt en lägre utbildningsnivå. Skogsnäringarna i Västernorrland bryter delvis mot detta generella regionala mönster. Både antalet sysselsatta och antalet arbetsställen inom skogsnäringarna har kraftigt minskat i antal och tvärtemot regionens generella utveckling har också andelen högutbildade (med minst treårig universitetsexamen) minskat liksom andelen kvinnor. Trots dessa kraftiga rationaliseringar på personalsidan är utvecklingen för skogsnäringarna inom Västernorrland betydligt mindre negativ än för riket i övrigt. Det gäller framförallt inkomstnivåerna bland de anställda. Inkomstnivåerna i Sveriges skogsnäring har sjunkit i relativa termer men ökat med drygt 20% i Västernorrland och ligger 2015 på en något högre nivå än övriga näringar i regionen. Det kan i sin tur tyda på en positiv omvandling mot mer kvalificerade arbetstillfällen, även om det också inneburit kraftiga rationaliseringar. 

    För att belysa hur skogsnäringarna är inbäddade i regionens struktur av kompetenser har vi kartlagt graden av specialisering (hur representerad en industri är i regionen relativ i riket), graden av relatedness(hur väl en industri är kopplad till andra industrier genom personalflöden), och graden av inbäddning (förekomsten av andra industrier i regionen som delar liknande kompetensresurser). När det gäller den relativa närvaron av skogsnäringar i regionen utifrån antalet sysselsatta finner vi att ingen av skogsnäringarna har en betydande relativ specialisering i Västernorrland. Det är endast tillverkning av wellpapp och pappers- och pappförpackningar som har en specialiseringsgrad över 1 (dvs högre än riksgenomsnittet). Det innebär med andra ord att trots ett relativt högt bidrag till regionalt förädlingsvärde och skatter är näringarna underrepresenterade på regionens arbetsmarknad. Det återspeglas bland annat i den relativt kraftiga minskningen av sysselsatta och arbetsställen vi identifierat (och som pågått långt innan den period denna rapport analyserar) men också den relativt kraftiga ökningen av inkomster (högre än riksgenomsnittet för skogsnäringarna och i paritet med regionen i övrigt). Skogsnäringarna har med andra ord genomfört produktivitetshöjande rationaliseringar vilket i sig kan gynna regionen.

    Utifrån vårt analytiska ramverk är det dock aningen mer problematiskt att de relativt få arbetsgivarna inom skogsnäringarna också är relativt isolerade i regionen utifrån ett kompetensresursperspektiv. Det är endast tillverkning av andra byggnads- och inredningssnickerier, skogsförvaltning, drivning och pappers- och papptillverkning som har en genomsnittlig koppling till andra näringar i regionen över gränsvärdet för en kompetensrelaterad verksamhet. Detta återspeglas också i hur inbäddad skogsnäringen är utifrån den relativa koncentrationen av kompetensrelaterade verksamheter. Det är endast ovan nämnda fyra näringar som är tydligt inbäddade i regionens näringslivsstruktur, och endast två (pappers- och papptillverkning och tillverkning av byggnads- och inredningssnickerier) som har ett inbäddningsindex över regionens medelvärde. Det innebär att skogsnäringarna generellt är relativt perifera när vi pratar om vilka kompetensresurser skogsnäringen delar med övriga regionen. Dock är teknisk konsultverksamhet direkt eller indirekt relaterat till flertalet skogsnäringar, vilket kan peka på ökade tekniknivåer och ökat behov av tekniska specialistkunskaper. Även om företag kan kompensera för en svag regional inbäddning genom utomregionala nätverk, innebär framförallt en svag inbäddning att det kan vara svårare för arbetskraften att finna nya produktiva uttryck för sina kompetenser i regionen vid framtida rationaliseringar. Det i sin tur kan driva på utflyttning till andra regioner.

    Utifrån en smart specialiseringsagenda drar vi slutsatsen att policyinsatser bör verka för att öka graden av inbäddning för regionens nyckelindustrier då det kan underlätta en framgångsrik omvandling som bygger på regionens redan existerande kompetensresurser. 

  • 3.
    Agbi, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Social media platforms and travel destination choices among international students in umea.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media platforms have the potential to influence destination choice among potential travellers.Before potential travellers embark on a trip, they are faced with decision-making processes on whereto go, what to do, the best time to go, how to get there among other things. These pre-travel planning decisions can be influenced by their expectation of the experiences they will encounter at the destination and based on their perception of the destination. Their perception of destinations isusually informed by information found on social media platforms or passed on by family and friendswho have encountered similar travel experiences. Using Crompton’s model of destination choice set,this study explores the roles of social media platforms on destination choice among international students in the Umea university.

  • 4.
    Alexandersson, Linn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Turismdriven centrumförskjutning?: Exempel från svenska fjällen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to study population change in tourism intensive mountain municipalities. Then to investigate whether center displacement takes place from the municipality center to the area with growing tourism. Areas of growing tourism have in this study been delimited to ski resorts. To answer the study’s purpose and questions, both quantitative and qualitative methods have been used. Population statistics have been used to explain population change in Swedish mountain municipalities. Population statistics showed that there are four mountain municipalities that have a shrinking population in the municipality and in the municipality center, while there is a ski resort with population growth in the municipality. These mountain municipalities are Dorotea, Malung-Sälen, Storuman and Härjedalen. Interviews with officials from these municipalities have been used as a complement to analyze the findings from the population statistics. The result of the interviews shows that the ski resorts have characteristics of being so-called ‘center’ with reference to the center-periphery model. At the same time, it also appears that the informants do not think that it is possible to talk about any tourism-driven center displacement. At least not with regard to public service. The municipality house will be remain located where it is today. Based on the given results, this essay conclude that ski resorts should be regarded as commercial centers and that the municipality center is the public center. From this aspect this study also conclude that there is possible to talk about a patriell center displacement from the municipality center to the ski resorts. Which, based on this study, is explained as commercial. The study also conclude that the commercial supply is dependent on the tourist visitors and those who work on the ski resorts, where the result shows that much of those who live in the ski resorts work in the touristindustry. In this way, the commercial center displacement also becomes tourism-driven.

  • 5. Andersson, Elias
    et al.
    Keskitalo, E Carina H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Service logics and strategies of Swedish forestry in the structural shifts of forest ownership: challenging the "old" and shaping the "new"2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is one of the most forested countries in Europe, and it has one of the highest shares of productive forest. Production in forestry is largely reliant on the private non-industrial forest owners, who own half of the forest land. As in many countries, however, forest ownership is changing towards a higher extent of urban, female or non-forestry-background owners. This poses a challenge for the forestry services sector, mainly forest owners' associations and companies, but also broadly the sector at large. By exploring the sales and marketing processes, this paper analyses the service logics and strategies of Swedish forestry under changing forest ownership, drawing on an interview study covering all the large actors in the Swedish forestry sector. The study illustrates an increased focus of forestry organizations on services from a strategic and managerial perspective, in customer-oriented relationship development and in value creation and sales processes, specifically in order to manage "new" forest owners and the demand of forest industries. The results highlight the domination of service logics associated with timber production and the challenges for the service market and the provision of diversified services to forest owners.

  • 6.
    Arnlund, Oliver
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Trafikanternas syn på trafiksäkra åtgärder: En kvalitativ studie av trafiksäkerheten i Örnsköldsviks kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Back, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Temporary resident evil?: Managing diverse impacts of second-home tourism2019In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Second-home tourism is a popular form of tourism in many countries. Sweden has over 600,000 second homes and more than half of the population have access to such properties. Previous literature on second-home tourism indicates that it impacts local communities and municipalities in many different ways, ranging from public services and land-use planning to the housing market and the local economy. However, it has not been sufficiently investigated how, where and by which spatial patterns these impacts might come into effect. Previous research has mostly been in the form of case studies, making generalizations difficult. This paper examines whether a theorized heterogeneity of second-home landscapes transfers into actual spatial variance in the impacts of second-home tourism. The investigation is done through semi-structured interviews with officials from 20 Swedish municipalities, selected using a theoretical model and comprehensive quantitative data. Results reveal considerable variance between different locations and argues for more context-aware second-home research.

  • 8.
    Beckmann, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    GENDER RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION AMONG SINGLE PARENTS IN ÖREBRO? A feminist investigation of settlement patterns in the wake of the building boom.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Begic, Ivona
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    VÅLDETS RUM - KVINNORS UPPLEVELSER AV VÅLD I NÄRA RELATIONER2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Berglin, Amanda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Hållbar stadsutveckling: Avvägningar, prioriteringar och kompromisser i planering Öst på stan i Umeå2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is a crucial part of a successful city planning. Some scientists suggest urban densification as a method for achieving sustainable cities. In the best of worlds, a perfect balance between ecological, economic and social sustainability would be reached. However, that is rarely the case. Planners must consider the guidelines of planning documents as well as laws, political decisions and stakeholders. These interests can often be conflicting which leaves the planner with tough decisions. Social sustainability can be about achieving equality and healthy environments for all of society. It is therefore important to also include children in city planning.

    This study aims to examine the planning, which primarily concerns the densification, of the central borough Öst på stan in Umeå. The content, mainly concerning sustainable development, of the comprehensive planning in the municipality of Umeå as well as the planning of a specific quarter which includes dwellings, a preschool and a park, will therefore be described and analyzed. The quarter will also be examined further regarding the actual social sustainability, especially of the children’s environment. Trade-offs, priorities and compromises in planning the quarter will be discussed. In order to achieve the aim of this thesis mainly two research methods, in addition to thorough studying of literature, is being used; primarily planning documents from the municipality and secondly interviews as a complement.

    The results show that the new quarter is, in many ways, sustainable. The compromises throughout the planning process have however resulted in quite small outdoor spaces which none the least affects children. 

  • 11.
    Boström, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    En illustration av detaljplaneprocessen: Intervjustudie bland planarkitekter om utmaningar och möjligheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to clarify what plan architects in Umeå municipality regard as challenges and opportunities in the detailed planning process. To be able to answer the aim and achieve an understanding about the plan architects view of the planning process’s pros and cons, qualitative research is the focus. Through semi structured individual interviews among five plan architects, opinions, thoughts and experiences are collected. Data is analysed using thematic analysis. The result describes three main themes considering the plan architects need of being flexible in the planning process, safeguard a democratic dialogue and represent an authority in their work with planning processes.

    The background to the study is the current discussion on the planning process, as it is often criticized as slow and ineffective. In Sweden, there is an urbanization trend and growth in cities generally and the need for housing is expected to continue to increase. In Umeå, the goal is to grow from approximately 125,000 to 200,000 inhabitants in coming years, through a strategy of densifying already built environments. Densifying cities affects many citizens and the number of appeals may affect the planning process and delay many projects. There is a catch that a dense settlement also makes detailed plans increasingly complex to create. However even though specified detailed plans takes time to create and more appeals may occur, simultaneously, the people’s opinion must be taken into account in the planning process.

    The result of the study highlights both challenges and opportunities for the plan architects to deal with in their work with planning processes. The result shows and gives incitement for where the chances are to develop and to streamline the planning process for the plan architects. Thereto, suggestions for improvements are proposed and ideas of future research to increase the knowledge of the planning processes complexity, are finally presented.

  • 12. Carmo, Renato M.
    et al.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Translocal mobility systems: social inequalities and flows in the wild berry industry2019In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 99, p. 102-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses the lens of translocality to investigate the seasonal mobility system of Thai berry pickers in Sweden: the perspective highlights the local-to-local relations that constitute this transnational and fluid mobility system. In this paper, we add the aspect of social inequalities to translocal studies, while arguing that multi-sited and locally grounded recruitment processes are contributing to produce and reproduce the mobility system. In the migrant-receiving area, stereotyping processes are active in shaping the selection of workers based on ethnicity, whereas in the migrant-sending area local asymmetries are visible in the selectivity of workers on the basis of age, wealth, and gender. In this way, the aspect of social inequalities, locally embedded at both ends of the recruitment process, is highlighted as a dimension to consider in translocal mobility systems. This is achieved through the analysis of multi-sited fieldwork in Sweden and Thailand that consisted of observations and interviews with Thai workers and representatives of the Swedish berry business.

  • 13.
    Carson, Dean B.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Carson, Doris A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Indigenous Experiences of the Mining Resource Cycle in Australia’s Northern Territory: Benefits, Burdens and Bridges?2018In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 11-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a model of how Indigenous communities may engage with the mining sector to better manage local development impacts and influence governance processes. The model uses a resource lifecycle perspective to identify the various development opportunities and challenges that remote Indigenous communities and stakeholders may face at different stages of the mining project. The model is applied to two case studies located in the Northern Territory of Australia (Gove Peninsula and Ngukurr) which involved different types and scales of mining and provided different opportunities for development and governance engagement for surrounding Indigenous communities. Both cases emphasise how the benefits and burdens associated with mining, as well as the bridges between Indigenous and outsider approaches to development and governance, can change very quickly due to the volatile nature of remote mining operations. There is thus a need for more flexible agreements and more dynamic relationships between Indigenous, mining and other governance stakeholders that can be adjusted and renegotiated as the conditions for mining change. The final discussion reflects on how the model may be applied in the context mining governance and Indigenous stakeholder engagement in the Fennoscandian north.

  • 14. Carson, Dean B.
    et al.
    Carson, Doris A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Disasters, market changes and 'The Big Smoke': understanding the decline of remote tourism in Katherine, Northern Territory Australia2019In: Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between / [ed] Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 93-114Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the decline of tourism in Katherine, one of the Northern Territory's iconic remote destinations. While the decline coincided with severe floods damaging much of the town and its tourism infrastructure in 1998, other factors such as the overall decline of Outback tourism in Australia and changes in key markets such as backpackers and self-drive tourists contributed to the difficulty in reviving Katherine's tourism industry following the floods. Katherine tourism demonstrates characteristics consistent with the Beyond Peripherymodel of tourism development in remote or sparsely populated areas. The chapter argues that Katherine has become even more distant and disconnected from tourist markets, investors and policy makers since the floods. Key issues for future development include an increasingly uneven relationship between Katherine and the capital city of Darwin, and an inability to identify alternative markets and development paths independent of the dominant tourism structures in the Northern Territory. Katherine is an example of a remote destination which initially had substantial competitive advantages because of its location and levels of local investment in tourism, but has since lost those advantages due to a failure to respond to changing market forces. The chapter thus emphasises the fragile nature of tourism in remote locations, and its vulnerability to exogenous shocks and changing government priorities, reminding us of the broader challenges for economic development in remote resource peripheries.

    The full text will be freely available from 2021-04-01 13:00
  • 15.
    Carson, Doris A.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Prideaux, Bruce
    Central Queensland University.
    Porter, Rob
    Charles Darwin University.
    Vuin, Ana
    Charles Darwin University.
    Transitioning from a local railway hub to a regional tourism system: the story of Peterborough, South Australia2019In: Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between / [ed] Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 173-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the tourism development path of Peterborough, a former single-industry railway town in rural South Australia. Drawing on theoretical perspectives from evolutionary, institutional and relational economic geography, the aim of the chapter is to identify how issues around path dependence influence the abilities of peripheral single-industry towns to operate as part of interactive and collaborative regional tourism innovation systems. The case study documents the difficult transition of Peterborough from a relatively independent major railway hub to a minor tourist transit stopover requiring stronger partnerships within a broader regional tourism destination. The findings identify a range of challenges for local tourism that point to issues around single-industry path dependence and 'lock-in', including: an entrenched dependence on government leadership and investment; a lack of home-grown entrepreneurship willing to address gaps in the homogeneous product portfolio; limited local acceptance and understanding of tourism; resistance to outsiders as new knowledge brokers; and truncated network capabilities within the local system. The chapter also shows how the unique spatial and socio-economic contexts of peripheral 'low-amenity' areas may reinforce path dependence by limiting opportunities to diversify incoming (tourist and migrant) mobilities. Some of the weaknesses within the local tourism system may be bridged by proactive local government and public sector leadership, yet we question the long-term sustainability of such approaches.

    The full text will be freely available from 2021-04-01 13:25
  • 16.
    Christofel, Aditya Billy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    OOPS! THEY BUILD IT AGAIN: A suitability analysis for future wind farm location in Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world energy needs increasing in a significant number and currently it is mainly sourced from the finite fossil fuel. Other than that, fossil fuel is the main source of CO2 emissions that leads to the increasing rate of global warming that will ultimately change the earth's climate. Thus, researcher began to look for alternative energy that is renewable and has the least impact to the world's climate; one example is wind energy.

    Sweden has experienced a significant increase in wind energy generation, where the wind production constantly grows in the double-digit rates since 2010. However, developing a wind energy requires a significant research and feasibility study in order to provide an economically sustainable operation. Wind farm needs to be located in areas with a good wind potential, however there are several technical and economic limitation on where the wind farm should be located. On top of that, social rejection might also hinder the development of wind energy. Audio-visual obstruction and disturbance to the natural state of the environment are the main arguments that were used to challenge the development of wind farm. Therefore, a multi-disciplinary study needs to be conducted in order to find the perfect balance; which is exactly what this study is all about.

    The result of this study shows that despite the threat of climate change, wind farm in Sweden could thrive due to the increasing wind speed across the country. It was also discovered that around 30% of the country is suitable, from the social, technical, and economic point of view, as a new location for wind farms. This study also reveals that most of the canceled / rejected wind farms were probably caused by the social rejection due to their proximity to population center or conservation areas. This study also discussed the concept of place attachment and identity that leads to the NIMBY attitude and reflects the concept of the social acceptance issue that happened in Sweden and on how to localize the wind farm concept to the local residence.

  • 17.
    Edholm, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Property Crime in The City and County of San Francisco 2016 - 2017: Applying GIS to Crime Pattern Theory2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study’s aim is to reveal statistically significant hot spots and temporal patterns of property crime in the City and County of San Francisco and to also analyse the relationship between property crimes and the environment in which these crimes occur by using Geographic Information System (GIS). Crime pattern theory was used as the framework for the analysis of environmental surroundings and occurrence of crime. This theory indicates that certain places can be crime generators and attractors. The result showed that there are hot spots of crime in the north-eastern part of San Francisco, and that crime in these high-risk areas are intensifying. Then, by visual examination of density maps of property crime and facilities, such as shopping centres, pubs/bars/nightclubs and Bay Area Rapid Transit stations, it is shown that these facilities can explain concentrations of crime in certain areas. Furthermore, this study shows GIS can be a practical tool to utilize when presenting data of crime when used in combination with social theories which focuses on the causes of crime occurrence. 

  • 18.
    Eerbeek, van, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Thai local brokers in the Swedish berry industry: Roles and positions across time and space2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, each year 2500 - 6000 Thai go to Sweden to work as berry pickers during the berry season via a regulated system of temporary work permits. Bangkok-based staffing agencies rely on the networks of local brokers to recruit workers in Thailand’s more peripheral northeastern Isan region, as part of the larger migration industry in Thailand. During the berry season, these local brokers also travel to Sweden and are part of the division of labour. Next to picking berries, their jobs can be cook, camp leader, and driver. Key concerns raised in relation to this seasonal work are precarity and vulnerability to exploitation, resulting from to the need to pay high fees to staffing agencies and a piece-rate wage-system.

    This thesis aims to analyze roles and positions across time and space of local Thai brokers. It does so by examining how they have come to occupy their current positions, and what their roles are in the recruitment process in Thailand and during the during the berry season in Sweden. Moreover, it investigates the interlinkages between these two roles, and how differences in remuneration and payments of fees shape precarity at the micro-scale.

    Based on the analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted in the Kaeng Khro district in Thailand in March 2019, this study suggests that the local brokers are industry veterans. Moreover, is suggests a large degree of variation in size and scope of local brokerage. During the berry season in Sweden, the local brokers tend to occupy positions above the regular berry pickers. Moreover, it is suggested that there is a differentiated precarity within the group of brokers, resulting from differences in the payment of wages and the need to pay fees to staffing agencies.

  • 19.
    Einarsson, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Meet the locals: Ett bidrag till ökad hållbarhet?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People all over the world have always been sharing things and experiences but due to rapid technological development, new digital platforms emerged which led to a new way of sharing and the phenomenon sharing economy started to be a common concept.

    The purpose of this study is to explore how Turistrådet Västsveriges newly launched platform Meet the locals could contribute to increased social and economic sustainability. Using existing theories such as sense of place, types of tourists and the host-tourist relationship this was done through multiple interviews together with locals in the project Meet the locals - a platform where you are given opportunities to ‘explore the Swedish lifestyle from a local perspective’.

    The data collected from the interviews were transcribed and analyzed using the thematic analysis which aimed to find connections with the chosen themes based on the theories. These themes were; place attachment, the meeting between host and tourist and sustainability.

    The results in this study establish that sustainability is important for the locals interviewed. However, it is unclear how Meet the locals really are contributing to social and economic sustainability since sustainability is still a complex subject and the project itself is still growing.

  • 20.
    Eklund, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Unequal opportunities in the knowledge economy: A social network analysis of formal and informalnetworks2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A new capitalistic era known as the knowledge economy has emerged since the middle of the 20thcentury, identified by ‘knowledge-based work’ and ‘immaterial labor’ generating innovation inleading-edge sectors, and recognized as a driver for economic change and future growth. As aspatial consequence, the importance of regions as economic entities has increased. Where regionsoften are dependent on innovative activities to generate competitive advantage and prospect. Topromote a socially inclusive regional economic development, scholars stress the significance of

    addressing issues of gender, particularity in male-dominated occupations such as knowledge-intensive industries, where masculine cultures tend to be deeply rooted. However, the regional

    learning and innovation literature is criticized for being firm-centric, gender-blind and ignoringthe wider existence of the knowledge worker, thus reproducing patterns of gender constraintssuch as barriers of equal advancements, discriminatory practices and social exclusion. This thesisaims to address these ignored issues by conducting a social network analysis on formal andinformal network within firms in the knowledge economy, and examine how individual

    characteristic might affect a workers position within these networks. A case study of Umeå ICT-industry was carried out where intra-firm social networks were analyzed of 16 firms and 204

    workers. The result from the analysis indicates that female knowledge worker tends to be sociallyexcluded within the informal network of these firms, while at the same time more dependent ona well-connected social position to be able to advance to a more influential position within firm’sformal networks. These findings support earlier claims that there is a need to incorporate a genderperspective into future research agendas as well as regional economic policymaking.

  • 21.
    Elekes, Zoltan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Västernorrlands styrkeområden: Översikt av näringslivets styrkeområden och relationer till varandra ur ett kompetensperspektiv2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt i perspektivet att ekonomisk utveckling i grund och botten är betingat på de kompetenser som används i produktionen av varor och tjänster, har föreliggande rapport gjort en översiktlig analys av Västernorrlands näringslivsstruktur. Detta gjordes genom att teckna ett så kallat industry-spacesom visar vilka sektorer som är starkt närvarande i regionen, men också i vilken utsträckning sektorerna är kopplade till varandra genom att vara beroende av liknande kompetenser. 

     

    I korthet pekar rapporten på att av de 15 sektorer med högst specialiseringsgrad i regionen så utgör endast pappers och massatillverkning (2,7%) samt försäkring (1,7)% någon av de 15 sysselsättningsrikaste sektorerna. De 15 mest specialiserade sektorerna utgör sammanlagt endast 12% av regionens totala sysselsättning 2016 vilket går att jämföra med de 15 största sektorerna som tillsammans utgör nästan hälften av den totala sysselsättningen. Med andra ord ligger regionens ekonomiska tyngdpunkt på andra ställen i näringslivet än i de relativt sett mest närvarande sektorerna. Det kan i sin tur medföra att en regionalpolitik som fokuserar på existerande starkt regionalt koncentrerade sektorer riskerar att exkludera stora delar av den regionala ekonomin. Exempelvis kan skillnader i mans- respektive kvinnodominerande yrken förstärkas. 

     

    När det kommer till etableringen av nya specialiseringar (och försvinnandet av existerande) finner vi en tydlig korrelation till hur inbäddad sektorn är i regionens kompetensstruktur. Kraftigt inbäddade sektorer (som delar liknande humankapital som många andra sektorer i regionen) har högre sannolikhet att etablera nya specialiseringar (eller öka sin relativa närvaro) medan mindre inbäddade sektorer har högre sannolikhet att minska sin relativa regionala närvaro. Då detta kan härledas till kompetensförsörjningsfrågor (många relaterade sektorer ökar sannolikheten att kunna rekrytera kompetent arbetskraft) bör fokus också riktas mot dessa typer av verksamheter i strävan att diversifiera näringslivet genom att skapa nya specialiseringar. 

  • 22.
    Enlund, Desirée
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Westergren, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Bylund, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ett samtal om makten över samhället, arbetet och livet2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Klapwijk, Maartje J.
    Attitudes towards biodiversity conservation and carbon substitution in forestry: a study of stakeholders in Sweden2019In: Forestry (London), ISSN 0015-752X, E-ISSN 1464-3626, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 219-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global change has fueled debates on forest use and management, including the need to adapt management to mitigate future risks in forestry. Additionally, forests are important for biodiversity conservation and could be used in climate change mitigation. The opinions of stakeholders towards acceptable forest use deserve consideration. This study examined relations between environmental problem awareness, forest beliefs and environmental management attitudes (biodiversity conservation and carbon substitution) among stakeholders in Sweden, and explored the effect of a local biodiversity versus global climate change frame on attitudes. Stakeholders were recruited from ownership and environmental/recreational interest groups (owner and nature group, respectively) (membership sample) and among students (student sample). Whereas the owner group was more positive towards carbon substitution in forestry, the nature group was more positive towards biodiversity conservation and carbon storage. In the membership sample, awareness of biodiversity loss and eco-social forest beliefs influenced attitudes towards biodiversity conservation. In contrast, positive attitudes towards carbon substitution stemmed from lower awareness of biodiversity loss, less emphasis on openness towards new methods in forestry and greater emphasis on production in forestry. While framing did not influence attitudes, the cognitive hierarchy was useful in providing a nuanced understanding of stakeholders, valuable for policy and practice.

  • 24.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Rataj, Marcin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    The geography of starts-ups in Sweden: The role of human capital, social capital and agglomeration2019In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In academia as well as in policy circles, entrepreneurial activities are placed at the focal point for regional development. However, geographical factors such as urbanization and peripherality are often neglected in this strand of research despite the increasing need for place-specific policies. The aim of this paper is therefore to analyse how start-up rates vary across municipalities in Sweden 2002–2012 by focussing on spatial differences of human capital, social capital, entrepreneurial culture and industrial specialization. Our multilevel models show how the degree of rurality and peripherality, respectively, moderates the role of different regional resources. The paper concludes by suggesting the formulation of separate policies considering urban, rural and more peripheral regions.

  • 25.
    Fors, Karola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Barns vardagsresor och föräldrars val av färdsätt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s everyday travel and parents’ choices of mode of travel.

     

    Karola Fors, Department of Geography, Umeå University, Sweden

     

     

    Abstract

    The purpose of this interview study was to investigate parents’ choice of travel mode for their child and behavioral change towards sustainable travel. The study was conducted in Umeå, a city in northern Sweden, in March and April 2019. The interview focused on parents describing from travel journals one week of their child’s travel arrangements. The analysis of the interviews was based on The Theory of Planned Behavior (Azjen 1991). Attitude, perceived Control and Norms, lead to the Intentions to change behavior and this is described by Azjen (1991) and is also noticeable in the study conducted. Mobility Management projects in the municipalities aim to increase the use of sustainable travel modes. The parents described that the reasons for choosing their child’s mode of travel was time, distance, safety and weather conditions as determined by seasons. Some described practical reasons, age and maturity. None of the parents described health and environmental concerns when describing the choice of travel mode. The travel journals showed that most commutes were made by car, especially concerning trips to leisure activities. The intention to make changes towards sustainable travel modes varied in accordance to attitude, perceived control and norms described. Some described the child biking or taking the bus more often, others described future trips mainly by car. The norms in society is a challenge for Mobility Management projects in establishing habits towards sustainable travel modes.

  • 26.
    Frisk, Robin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Resmönster & attityder: En studie kring resmönster och attityder för Österbotten och Västerbotten region2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Finns visit Sweden to a greater extent than Swedes visit Finland. This travel pattern also holds true for the regional travel pattern between Österbotten and Västerbotten. This study examines if the distinctive travel habits of each population and the attitudes towards each other can explain the uneven travel pattern between the two regions.

    Tourism between Österbotten and Västerbotten is a valuable source of income for both regions. In order to further develop the tourism routes between the regions, it’s important to examine their travel habits, motives and attitudes. Furthermore, this study will gather in depth data on size of travel groups, travel frequency, travel companionship and common destinations.

    An mixed methods approach will be used in order to understand and explain the uneven travel patterns between both regions. Data is collected through an online survey published in both Österbotten and Västerbotten. The results show differences and similarities between how the populations of both regions tend to travel. These differences could support an explanation for the uneven travel patterns between the regions. The empirical data shows that the populations of both regions hold predjucice attitudes towards each other. However, this only affects travel patterns from Västerbotten to Österbotten negatively.

  • 27.
    Gidlund, Andrea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Kvinnors upplevda trygghet i offentliga rum2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Gustavsson, Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Granskning av åtgärdsvalsstudier från Region Nord & Region Mitt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how two of Swedish Transport Administration- regions perceive the tutorial of actions that the Swedish Transport Administration published as a template. The study examines four reports that investigate problems in the transport system. The tutorial that the Swedish transport administration presented contains guidelines regarding investigations in the transport system. The reports investigate what the problem or the lack of safety depends on. The result from the report is solutions that will solve and meet the problem.

    The result of this study shows that both regions follow the tutorial of actions and fulfils all the guidelines and demands. The regions present overall similar content. Although, with the same guidelines the reports are different from each other. Differences regarding presentation and the constructions of the reports is clear. The guidelines could be developed with new clarifications. New clarifications should reduce own interpretations and pander the work with reports that investigate problems in the transport system. The solutions that the reports present in the result are relevant, realistic and according to the tutorial approved as solid solutions.

  • 29.
    Hammar, Adrian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    ”INGEN BYGGER BOSTÄDER AV FILANTROPI” En studie om arbetet mot boendesegregation i kommunerna Gävle, Uppsala och Värmdö2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The aim of this study is to examine segregation in the three Swedish municipalities of Uppsala, Gävle and Värmdö. The study attempts to describe the current situation in regards to segregation in the chosen municipalities, the reasons for this and what the municipalities can do to prevent further segregation.

    In an attempt to find answer to these questions, a literature study has been done and three semi structured interviews with planners working for the municipalities in question.

    The study shows that different socio economic groups are indeed spatially clustered and a big reason for this is historic decisions in regard to large scale planning and Sweden’s historic housing policies.

    The interviews show that there are many possible tools for a planner to use when trying to decrease segregation. A large focus is put on creating mixed types of housing in each part of the city and municipality. Creating places for social interaction and good communications are also an important part according to all interviewees.

    The challenges faced by the planners are lack of economic incentive, the limitations of the planning system and preferences of the population.

  • 30.
    Hellnersson, André
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Tillväxtens baksida: En studie om hur Umeå kommun behandlar boendesegregation för att uppnå en hållbar urban utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the extent of residential segregation in Umeå by describing differences in socioeconomic structure between urban districts. Furthermore, the study also aims to analyse how Umeå municipality is considering residential segregation in their plans for urban development and how this can affect the extent of the segregation. In order to present the socioeconomic differences between the urban districts in Umeå statistics showing income, education and employment was used. Information about the municipal priorities regarding the development of the urban environment was gathered by reading and analysing municipal documents that is used to guide physical planning in the city. The results of the study show that there are differences in the socioeconomic structure of Umeås urban districts. These differences show that residential segregation is an occurring phenomenon in Umeå since residents with different characteristics are living separated from each other. Results gathered by studying and analysing the municipal documents show that Umeå municipality prioritises sustainable growth and want to condensate the city in order to achieve a mixed supply of housing in attractive locations with different sizes, prices, and forms of tenure. Thus, the results imply that Umeå municipality has a good chance of reducing the residential segregation of the urban districts in the future.

  • 31.
    Hjelte, Frida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Så bygger man en destination: En studie om möjligheter och utmaningar för samarbete mellan Umeå och Bjurholms kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Increased travel has led to greater competition between destinations. Therefore, actors in the tourism industry are constantly seeking new ways to remain competitive, in which collaborations have often been viewed as a solution. This study will focus on the collaboration in tourism issues in the Umeå region, Sweden. The aim of this study is to examine, from a producer perspective, opportunities and challenges for collaboration between different actors in the municipality of Umeå and Bjurholm. The study also examines whether and how Bjurholm municipality can be a shadow destination to Umeå. To do this, interviews were conducted with various actors in the municipality of Umeå and Bjurholm.

    The results show that the differences between the municipalities are both seen as a great opportunity but also a major challenge for the collaboration. Furthermore, the study found that Bjurholm shows some characteristics of being a shadow destination to Umeå.

  • 32.
    Hylén, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Utmaningar, problem och möjligheter: En studie om renoveringar i miljonprogram med fokus på social hållbarhet och dialog2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to shed a light over the challenges, possibilities and problems regarding renovation and rehabilitation of the million program housing. Many million program housing is in acute need of restoration and the monetary cost is high since the housings represent one fourth of the Swedish housing. This will be from a social sustainability perspective and investigate how different parts of the property owners incorporate social sustainability during their changes and modifications in their projects. While visiting these strategies and looking into the social sustainability a issue is also due to see if there is any overall dialog between companies in order to share information and experiences. Qualitative methods were used to conduct this study, even more specific interviews with following thematic analysis. The results found that the strategies for public utility and private housing differs when it comes to renovation million program housings. They operate in different practical methods and has difference in the ambitions of social sustainability.

    Three actors from different branches in the million program housing is interview to contain different perspectives to widen the reach and deepen the analysis on how the problems and strategies should be perceived and what they struggle with and find promising for the future.

  • 33.
    Jacob, Hassler
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Long term trends of residential segregation in relation to housing policy in Stockholm: Following indicators of residential segregation over time through spatial analysis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the development of residential segregation over a long time period in Stockholm, Sweden. By following the spatial distribution of two socio- economic indicators and two indicators of housing characteristics between 1930 and 2015, it describes how changing housing policy has affected the indicators. Historic data was gathered and compiled in a longitudinal data base. Spatial analysis of the variables produced results that indicate spatio-temporal variation in all variables, and indicate a central-peripheral pattern that has developed and persisted for long time periods. Variation in spatial distributions of the variables is furthermore connected to changes in undertaken housing policy. Regression models also indicate that the characteristics of residential segregation has arguably been different in different times. The long time period is argued to be important in segregation research because of the longevity of many segregation processes. Following continuous indices of residential segregation over long time periods is important as it may help us understand contemporary trends better, conversely creating better knowledge for policy makers when counter segregation policy is implemented. Long time approaches are, however, lacking the literature, motivating the analysis performed in this thesis.

  • 34.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    På väg mot en fossilfri fordonsflotta?: Utvecklingen för elbilar i Sverige år 2009-2019.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government has subsidized BEV (Battery electric vehicle) for many years, mainly since the year 2009, to reduce the negative environmental effects that the transport sector produces. This study aims to examine the development of the Swedish BEV market for the time period year 2009 – 2019 and whether government policies have had an effect on BEV sales. The study also examined if the sales of BEV is potentially affected by socioeconomically factors, regional development of charging infrastructure and municipal type and size. The study is based only on secondary data which is analyzed with the statistical method of regression analysis. The result showed that higher levels of income and education affected BEV sales positively on a municipal basis up to the year 2018. The study also showed that the number of charging points had a positive effect on BEV sales on a county level up to the year 2018. The study concluded that sales of BEV has increased mainly since the middle of the year 2018 and that the subsidy program “Bonus Malus” might have contributed to the increased sales of BEV. Furthermore, sales of BEV have shifted slightly from larger municipalities to smaller for the years 2018 – March 2019 and higher levels of education still remains a positive factor for BEV sales on a municipal basis for the same time period.

  • 35. Kano, Izabella Szakalne
    et al.
    Lengyel, Balazs
    Elekes, Zoltán
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary; Agglomeration and Social Networks Lendület Research Group, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.
    Lengyel, Imre
    Agglomeration, foreign firms and firm exit in regions under transition: the increasing importance of related variety in Hungary2019In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Related variety of economic activities is widely recognized to induce regional development; however, it is not clear how this mechanism takes place in regions that go through major structural and institutional transformation. Furthermore, foreign direct investment (FDI) is typically a major source of structural change in these areas; and we still need a better understanding on how foreign-owned (foreign) firms affect the dynamics of domestic-owned (domestic) companies. For these reasons we analyse firm-level exit in Hungarian city regions between 1996 and 2011, over the late post-socialist transition in manufacturing industries, focusing on the difference between foreign and domestic firms. Introducing ownership into the related variety calculation, we estimate the probability of firm exit with the region-level related variety calculated separately for foreign and domestic firms. Our results suggest that related variety of foreign firms decreases the probability of domestic firm exit earlier during the economic transition compared to the related variety of domestic firms. This finding supports the idea that FDI plays a formative role in regions under transition, and shows that domestic firms benefit from being in agglomerations where foreign firms are technologically related to each other.

  • 36.
    Knutsson, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    The need for social acceptance: Creating a legitimate planning process of a Moomin theme park2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this paper examined the legitimacy of land-use planning when there are polarizing views of how a specific project should develop. The focused was on the case study of Skutberget in the municipality of Karlstad, Sweden, were two separate planning processes are ongoing. The current development plans regards a Moomin inspired theme park where the company Moomin OY is the developer, as well as an improvement and development of the existing recreational park were the municipality is the responsible part. In a Swedish context, municipalities have a strong authority when it comes to land-use planning, a right often labelled as a “planning monopoly”. This research fills a gap in the scientific academic literature when it comes to assessing democratic processes on a local level, with a special regard to spatial planning. Legitimacy in a representative democracy is a multifaceted concept, which requires both aspects of political representation and social acceptance for a decision to be deemed legitimate. With the case study, political representation regarding both a desire and aversion of developing Skutberget exist. This difference in opinion regarding the development of Skutberget is reflected in public attitude as well, were the theme park of Moomin OY is the biggest dispute. People reflecting different perceptions have taken it upon themselves to engage with media outlets to vocalise their opinions and news articles of the development of Skutberget is a recurring feature in local newspapers. Full social acceptance and consent are, therefore, lacking for the process of developing Skutberget. But as the opinions differ in Karlstad, it is a matter of interpretation of what consist of social acceptance and how to value it in the planning and decision-making process.

  • 37.
    Koster, Rhonda L.
    et al.
    Lakehead University.
    Carson, Doris A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Considerations for differentiating among rural tourism geographies2019In: Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between / [ed] Rhonda L. Koster and Doris A. Carson, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 253-271Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rural tourism literature has predominantly focused on understanding and theorising rural tourism either as a homogeneous whole, or at either end of the rurality spectrum. The premise of this volume is that a lack of consideration for the particularities of rural does little to aid in our understanding and development of tourism across all rural spaces. Through the use of a consistent framework that examined the spatial, socio-economic, institutional and tourism contexts of each case study, we have identified commonalities and importantly, differences among the examples from three different countries. The analysis illustrated the specific attributes of each type of rural geography (exotic remote, fringe and boring bits in between), and how these result in unique opportunities and challenges. These differentiated rural tourism geographies must be acknowledged and addressed to both advance our knowledge of the complexities of tourism in these locales, and to develop appropriate policies, programs and structures that will support tourism in contributing to a robust and diversified rural economy.

    The full text will be freely available from 2021-04-01 13:29
  • 38.
    Koster, Rhonda L.
    et al.
    Lakehead University.
    Carson, Doris A.Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Perspectives on rural tourism geographies: case studies from developed nations on the exotic, the fringe and the boring bits in between2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Laestander, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Maternity Hospital Accessibility in parts of Northern Sweden: Analyzing accessibility change from 2013 to 2019 using GIS Network Analysis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the Swedish health care system is mostly organized at a regional level and the population density across the Swedish regions are variating, the supply of health care differs among the regions. Population density and the centralization of care is also affecting the distribution of health care facilities since most opportunities for care will be found where population density is high, such as larger cities. In northern Sweden where the larger parts of the area are sparsely populated and the main cities are mostly located along the coast, accessibility to health care for the rural population and their urban counterparts are therefore very different. The level of accessibility to health care can be more crucial in some situations than in other, one of these is childbirth. Since the labour process can develop quickly, the need to get the right care at the right time can be vital for both mother and child.  In the past years there have been changes to the maternity hospital distribution in northern Sweden. This is due to the closure of Sollefteå maternity hospital and the temporal closing of Lycksele maternity hospital. The aim of this thesis is to analyse the change in accessibility between 2013 and 2019 as a result of these shutdowns. This is done using service area analysis through the ArcGIS network analyst extension. The result show that the closures have had large impact on the spatial accessibility, increasing travel times to maternity hospitals for the inland population. Those who are mostly affected are people who already had poor accessibility, these are also places who have a small population. The result also shows that around 90 % of the women could reach their closest maternity hospital within one hour in 2013 compared to around 80 % in 2019. Around 40 % of the women are at higher risk of childbirth complications since they exceed 20 minutes travel time, this was the same value in 2013 as for 2019. As conclusion, closures have decreased accessibility for women in the inland of northern Sweden but the largest part of the population remain having good accessibility to their closest maternity hospital. 

  • 40.
    Landby, Emma
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Att resa med barn medfunktionsnedsättning: En enkätundersökning om föräldrars upplevelser2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Lantz, Filip
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Har Bermudatriangeln löst problemet?: En studie om bostadsförsörjningen för studenter i Umeå2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Housing shortage is an on-going challenge young Swedes face when moving from home trying to get their own accommodation. The vast majority of municipalities have reported a housing shortage in last years housing market survey carried out by Boverket. This study seeks to find out how the housing supply for students in Umeå have developed during the last five years. To achieve this literature studies and statistics from mainly SCB (Statistics Sweden) have been used. Additionally, interviews with the municipality and companies on the housing market have been held to understand their point of view and how they work with the matter.

    The study shows that the mutual opinion from all parties is that the conditions for students housing supply is better today then five years ago. One of the reasons being the growth of the housing supply while the students themselves have remained at almost the same amount. Although the study suggests a better situation for the students it reveals another present challenge, how todays housing stock might be a mismatch with what students needs and wishes for in their dwellings.

  • 42.
    Larsson, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Att sälja norra Sverige som en arktisk destination2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, more people have the opportunity to travel which means that more places need to raise awareness that they exist. In the global world that we live in today, competition among places are growing. This means that places need to work on their marketing to create a unique and special image that reaches out through all the noise. This study aims to investigate why a special image is chosen, in this case why the destination Swedish Lapland have chosen to market a region in north of Sweden as an artic destination. The study also aims to investigate what is included in the concept of an artic destination and what is comprehended in an artic lifestyle, which also is a theme that is used in the marketing of the region. Are there any challenges by using the artic and artic lifestyle concept in the marketing and what consequences can it entail? To answer these questions interviews where made with informants that have a professional work connection to the area. The result showed that the arctic region is complex phenomena to define also for those who use the expression in marketing. What is included in the artic concept and the lifestyle is connected to a lot of conceptions of the nature, culture, climate and experiences. The informants gave different viewpoints about challenges when marketing a large region and the consequences that can be registered. The hope with this study was to get a deeper understanding about the area and especially why a specific theme as the artic was used in marketing purpose for a region in north of Sweden.

  • 43.
    Linell, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Omställning till en fossilfri fordonsflotta: förutsättningar, hinder och möjligheter i en mindre kommun och en större kommun.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine prerequisites, obstacles and possibilitiesin order to achieve a transition to fossil free passenger transports in two municipalities in Sweden; Nordmaling and Umeå. Focus has been on studying the passenger car. These municipalities are different in that Nordmaling is identified as dependent on work commuting and Umeå as a more urban environment with a larger city. Factors such as: economics, availability, mobility, politics, campaigns and equity has been the key study elements when conducting interviews and quantitative research for the study.

    The empirical data shows that there are small economic differences between the municipalities other than that men earn more in Nordmaling which could be a potential market for early adopters of electric vehicles. The municipalities also differ in the way in which accessibility to charging infrastructure is needed. Both need accessibility to charging stations near their home and work which leads to different solutions for the municipalities because of differences in accommodation. Nordmaling needs installation of charging stations in smaller houses while Umeå needs an expansion of stations within larger accommodation complexes. Charging possibilities must also be located at more distant areas to enable long distant travelling. As Nordmaling is decreasing its share of environmentally friendly cars political subsidies and informing campaigns should be targeted to these groups as they are also most dependant on transports by car. From an equity approach people living in these two municipalities experience different possibilities of transportation when fuel prices increase. Transports by other means is more accessible in urban areas, which is not the case for Nordmaling and thus creates an equity problem. Targeted subsidies to further reduce initial costs associated with purchase of an electric vehicle or another type of environmentally friendly vehicle could be a possible solution in areas where accessibility by other means than by car is not feasible.

  • 44.
    Ljungbjörk, Agnes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Trygghet i fysisk planering: En studie om trygghetsarbete i Västernorrland2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many people especially women are feeling unsafe when being outdoors. This leads to restriction in the daily life and a reduced quality of life. This problem can be reduced by awareness in the physical planning. The aim of this study is therefore to examine how three municipalizes in Västernorrand are working with physical planning to create a safer environment.

    The study is based on interviews with planners and local plan documents. The local plan document is used to see structures and the interviews is to how the planners are working for creating a safe environment by physical planning.

    The study shows that the local planners are aware of the importance of planning for a safe environment. The study has located deficits in the support from higher instances and cooperation between different instances in the municipality. By giving the planers more support for the safety-planning, it could come more natural and have a bigger importance in the physical planning.

  • 45.
    Ljungdahl Ristare, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Medskapande Trafikplanering: En kvalitativ studie om medborgarnas delaktighet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how citizen participation can contribute to traffic development. The study examines which possibilities and challenges that comes with involving citizen, and how planners see their own role in this involvement. To examine this, planners who work with traffic development in Stockholm municipality have been interviewed regarding their opinions about citizen involvement. The result from the interviews have been divided into different themes and analysed. The study also contains a complementary document study to see how the municipality works with involving citizen in the planning process, with main focus on traffic issues. The study shows that planners sees themselves as experts, but they also think that citizens have knowledges that is necessary to create sustainable traffic solutions. It’s not a question about if they should be involved, instead it’s more about how they should. Planners who worked with traffic development got to describe their own experiences with involving citizens. A major key to reach consensus was to involve and discuss traffic problems and solutions at an early stage. This place expectations at a reasonable level and gave both planners and citizen knowledge about each other’s opinions.

  • 46.
    Lundberg, Jesper
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Grönytor i kommunala översiktsplaner: En studie av värderingar och strategier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban greenspace has the potential to bring a lot of positive effects to the urban environment. Better health for its residents, increased biodiversity as well as helping the city adapt to the changing climate, to name a few examples. At the same time, the current planning paradigm in Sweden values the creation of dense urban environments. This, coupled with the current housing shortage, creates a situation where urban greenspace is being put under a lot of pressure and on the risk of being exploited in densification processes.

    This thesis has explored how urban greenspace is valued, as well as which strategies are being employed, in comprehensive municipal planning documents. Through the use of a documentary content analysis, comprehensive planning documents from three Swedish municipalities have been analyzed: Umeå, Uppsala and Helsingborg. The results shows that the analyzed municipalities have a fairly balanced valuation of its urban greenspace in their comprehensive planning documents. No one aspect of the sustainable development is given a significantly higher value compared to the other. At the same time, different patterns emerges when looking at themes underlying the different aspects of the sustainable development, with themes such as recreation being discussed to a higher degree in comprehensive planning documents from Umeå and Uppsala, compared to Helsingborg. The strategies employed by the studied municipalities are also quite similar, although the details vary. All three municipalities are vague in describing their strategies for urban greenspace, but Umeå and Helsingborg goes further with working with quantifiable goals, compared to Uppsala.

  • 47.
    Lundgren, Jacob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Release the Kvarken: A study about land uplift2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48.
    Lundqvist, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Närhet till naturen och vikten av detta: En fallstudie i Nordmalings kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The proximity to nature and the importance of this

    A case study in Nordmalings municipality

    Sofia Lundqvist, Department of Geography, Umeå university, Sweden

    ABSTRACT

    In this case study, the purpose was to clarify how the prioritization of population's proximity to the natural landscape is realized in community planning. This has been done through a literature study, observations at selected affected places and personal communication. The case study takes place in Nordmalings municipality, which is a small municipality in northern Sweden located along the Bothnian Gulf. In this coastal and rural municipality there are plenty of opportunities for nature experiences. The study also highlights the interaction between municipal and regional level in terms of accessibility to protected nature.The study results are that nature is important for individuals' well-being, in forms of access to recreational and outdoor areas that increases physical activity, the possibility of fresh air and daylight. In many cases, nature is an important source for body and mind to find peace and quiet. Sustainable development of nature and population's proximity to it is therefore also an important aspect of community planning. Recreation and outdoor activities in nature increase the chances of reducing the risk of physical and mental illness. This is beneficial both to the individual and the society. Nordmaling municipality is an area with many large areas of undisturbed land and plans to increase accessibility to nature. This is to increase the population's well-being but also increase the frequency of visits by tourists.

  • 49.
    Mackay, Heather
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    A feminist geographic analysis of perceptions of food and health in Ugandan cities2019In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to a feminist geographic analysis of how urban food and health environments and non-communicable disease experience may be being constructed, and contested, by healthcare professionals (local elites) in two secondary Ugandan cities (Mbale and Mbarara). I use thematic and group interaction analysis of focus group data to explore material and discursive representations. Findings make explicit how healthcare professionals had a tendency to prescribe highly classed and gendered assumptions of bodies and behaviours in places and in daily practices. The work supports the discomfort some have felt concerning claims of an African nutrition transition, and is relevant to debates regarding double burden malnutrition. I argue that a feministic analysis, and an intersectional appreciation of people in places, is advantageous to food and health-related research and policy-making. Results uncover and deconstruct a dominant patriarchal tendency towards blaming women for obesity. Yet findings also exemplify the co-constructed and malleable nature of knowledge and understandings, and this offers encouragement.

  • 50.
    Mackay, Heather
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Farming or not farming? : Factors influencing the agricultural involvement of households in and around secondary Ugandan CitiesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Why and where might urban residents in Africa farm? How might urban African populations be linked with rural land and peoples? This paper is situated within such debate, investigating two secondary cities of Uganda: Mbale and Mbarara. The research question asks what factors might be influencing whether, and where, urban households in these cities practice agriculture. Using multinomial logistic regression I explore which urban households had greater odds of farming, and where such farming might occur (the urban area, a rural area, or both). Results suggest that larger households, and those whose heads were not working (waged) but also not looking for such work, those with older household heads or heads who had lived longer in the cities, as well as those that had rural family connections (received food transfers), were more likely to be involved in agriculture, either in an urban or in a rural area. Findings are in contrast with some studies which have suggested that it is the urban poor, or recent rural-urban migrants who farm the city or retain farming livelihood strategies. Instead, this study suggests that, in these two secondary Ugandan cities, the more urban-rooted and the relatively better-resourced urban households have higher odds of being involved in agricultural activity. Findings contribute to better understanding of the factors influencing the agricultural practice of urban-based households, and to understanding of urban-rural linkages. Although this study focuses on Uganda, the findings may be relevant for other secondary African cities that experience similar socio-political, economic and food-related circumstances.

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