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  • 1.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History. 19720206-8982.
    Renewing Business History in the Era of the Anthropocene2019In: Business history review, ISSN 0007-6805, E-ISSN 2044-768X, Vol. 93, no 1, p. 3-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History. 19720206-8982.
    Cole, Shawn A
    Ehrenfeld, John
    King, Andrew A
    Schendler, Auden
    Understanding and Overcoming Roadblocks to Environmental Sustainability: Past Roads and Future Prospects2019In: Business history review, ISSN 0007-6805, E-ISSN 2044-768X, Vol. 93, no 1, p. 127-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines key barriers to business sustainability discussed at a multidisciplinary conference held at the Harvard Business School in 2018. Drawing on perspectives from both the historical and business literatures, speakers debated the historical success of and future opportunities for voluntary business actions to advance sustainability. Roadblocks include misaligned incentives, missing institutions, inertia of economic systems, and the concept of sustainability itself. Overcoming these roadblocks will require systematic interventions and alternative normative concepts.

  • 3.
    Bränberg, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Kriget mot spriten: En historia om amerikansk och svensk alkoholpolitik 1900-19332018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Dakouri, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Vad förklarar Sverigedemokraternas relativa valframgång?: Hur röstbeteendet i de Skånska kommunvalen 2018 påverkades av ekonomisk-strukturella faktorer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relative success of Swedish right-wing party Swedish Democrats in the municipal election of 2018. The focus of this paper is to see how the voting behaviour could be explained using socioeconomic variables.

    The study consists of statistics from SCB concerning level of education, income, number of immigrants in the municipality and if the municipality receives benefits from the government from the 33 municipalities in the region of Skane, Sweden.

    The results shows that there is a correlation between the high education and income voters have in municipality and their tendency to vote for the Swedish Democrats. Those municipalities where most citizens have a higher education and a higher income where municipalities where the Swedish Democrats did not receive a lot of votes. There results did however not show a correlation between the number of votes for the Swedish Democrats and the number of immigrants living in the municipalities.

  • 5.
    Forsman, Olivia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Frihet under ansvar?: En studie av åren med motboken och kvinnors rättigheter 1919-19552018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the economic-historical development of the Swedish restriction system against alcohol abuse. It has been of interest to examine how it was designed and then implemented during the period of 1919–1955.

    The study includes a discussion on how the restrictions affected women's opportunities to acquire alcohol, based on gender norms. Therefore, the thesis has been strengthened by a gender-based analysis.

    The material that has been studied for the purpose is real decisions by the government for men and women who have applied for the right of purchasing alcohol.

    This paper has found that men were more often granted their applications, and because women had more difficult conditions. The reason seems to be that gender norms ruled higher than the formal rights.

     

    Key words: economic history, gender, alcohol, restriction system

  • 6.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Sam fak övr vh.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Social rättvisa är en förutsättning för hållbara skatter2019In: Hur kan skattesystemet förändras?: Fackliga och politiska inspel, Stockholm: Arena Idé och Kommunal , 2019, p. 10-29Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Lantz, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    An indirect route to equality: taxing consumers to build the Swedish welfare state2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of who paid for the welfare state in postwar Sweden has been subject to extensive debate. Many have focused on the comparatively high, and steeply progressive, taxes on income. Others have claimed that low and middle earners paid disproportionately more, pointing to the comparatively high revenue share of value added tax (VAT) for instance. No convincing assessment has been made of the extent to which consumption taxes counteracted the progressivity of income taxes. The thesis presents new estimates based on tax assessments and household surveys, which show that consumption taxes did offset tax progressivity considerably. Moreover, they were important even before the VAT. There was not a sharp break, but a gradual transition from excise and customs duties to general sales tax to VAT. The VAT meant a shifting of the weight more towards the lower end of the income distribution.

    This insight begs the question of what caused such a fiscal arrangement. What made postwar Sweden’s labour governments favour a tax that fell disproportionately on low earners, a core part of their constituency? Through an analysis of policy documents, the author shows that the governing Social Democrats were well aware of the dilemma. The party leaders used general consumption taxes explicitly as a ‘lesser evil’ component in a strategy for expanding the public sector and welfare systems. That aspect has previously been neglected when telling the story of this formative era. The thesis demonstrates that it deserves to be brought into a central place in that story.

    Corporatism remains a valid explanatory factor. The business community had an influence on determining the details of the general sales tax, albeit not the overall level. Tax reliefs on certain important inputs such as building materials and were granted after a series of appeals. The author argues that the transition from sales tax to VAT can be seen as a final solution to these protests about business inputs being unfairly taxed. The will of the domestic business community was of a more immediate importance for the switch to VAT than any potential tendency of compliance towards supranational organisations such as the EEC pushing the government to follow their edicts concerning VAT, as has otherwise been suggested.

    The political left in Sweden was initially against the general sales tax because of its burden on low earners. The political right opposed the general sales tax because it would increase the overall tax take, and risked becoming an all too convenient revenue machine for the government. The left changed position and began framing it as a tool for realising welfare state expansion. The right reframed it as a tool for keeping the progressivity of taxation down.

  • 8.
    Lunner, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Oljekrisens akuta och långsiktiga verkningar: En kvalitativ studie om hur oljekrisen påverkade Umeå kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Näsman, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Green capitalism? Business and the environment in the twentieth century2018In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Svensson, Tilde
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Flottning i Västerbotten: Avvecklandet av flottningen i Umeälven mellan 1930-19802018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will present the driving forces behind the liquidation of log-driving from 1930 to log-drivings end in 1980 in Umeälven. The debate about the log-drivers status in the river was multifold. The locals saw log-driving as an inhibiting process where, besides work, nothing good came. The hydroelectric stations saw the log-driving as an unnecessary tool because the hydroelectric stations had a larger purpose and were more prosperous than the log-driving. The underlying factors that evoked the log-drivings dismantling were several. Local people, fishing, hydro, but also the increased demand for forest and technology development. The timber became less ”float-friendly” and the forest road network was developed so that trucks became a more efficient and cheaper alternative, which led to the fact that log-floating was an unnecessary tool for the forest industry.

  • 11.
    Westin, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Pettersson, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Stage, Jesper
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Konkurrensneutralt transportbidrag: betänkande från Transportbidragsutredningen1997Book (Other academic)
1 - 11 of 11
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