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  • 1.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Kinsman, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Strandh, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Den lokala nivåns betydelse i det förebyggande arbetet mot våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism2017In: Våldsbejakande extremism: en forskarantologi / [ed] Christofer Edling och Amir Rostamni, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2017, p. 225--255Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Social medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Different uses of Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory in public mental health research: what is their value for guiding public mental health policy and practice?2018In: Social Theory & Health, ISSN 1477-8211, E-ISSN 1477-822XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory is appealing as a conceptual tool for guiding public mental health interventions. However, his theory underwent significant changes since its first inception during the late 1970s until his death in 2005, due to which the implications that can be drawn might differ depending on what concepts (i.e. early or later) of the theory is utilized. The aim of this paper was to examine how different concepts of Bronfenbrenner’s theory have been utilized in (public) mental health research, and to analyse the value of these different uses for guiding public mental health policy and practice. A systematic search for articles that have utilized concepts of Bronfenbrenner’s theory within the field of mental health resulted in a review of 16 published papers. We found that one set of papers (N = 10) used the early concepts of ecological systems without investigating interactions between these systems, while another set of papers used the concepts of ecological systems by also investigating interactions within and between these systems (N = 4). Another limited set of papers (N = 2) utilized the later concepts of proximal processes and the PPCT model. Our results show that studies using Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system concepts by clearly considering interactions between and within these systems can result in recommendations that are most useful for guiding public mental health policy and practice.

  • 3.
    Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    'I stand on my own two feet but need someone who really cares': Social networks and social capital among unaccompanied minors for becoming established in Swedish society2018In: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Settling in a new host country as an unaccompanied minor holds a lot of challenges such as adaptation of new social norms, learning a new language and understanding a new culture. Social networks may foster good conditions for settlement in the host community but little is known about the availability, quality and significance of social networks for unaccompanied minors (UM) in Sweden. The aim of this qualitative grounded-theory situational study was to explore experiences of social networks among UM and the significance of those networks for becoming established in Sweden, based on data from in-depth interviews with 11 young persons. Unaccompanied young persons were broadly found to be involved in three different kinds of networks: professional carers, like-ethnic friends and ‘Swedes’ in general. Networks with professionals (i.e. linking social capital) were perceived as both a secure base and a source of rejection, and could either facilitate or obstruct the establishment. Supporting networks with like-ethnic friends (bonding social capital) proved to be the most available and important resource for becoming established, while access to networks with Swedes (bridging social capital) was in general low but still perceived as important for becoming established, not least for reducing language and cultural barriers.

  • 4.
    E.Wimelius, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kinsman, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Strandh, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    What is Local Resilience Against Radicalization and How can it be Promoted? A Multidisciplinary Literature Review2018In: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, ISSN 1057-610X, E-ISSN 1521-0731Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this research note, we present results from a review of research on local resilience in relation to radicalization in public health, social work, crisis management, and community policing using terrorism studies as a point of departure. In order to identify agreements between literatures, we focus on how local resilience is understood, how it is said to be promoted, and how this knowledge could be synthesized. We show that resilience by and large is understood as both a process and a capacity underpinned by cooperation, social networks, and community resources and that an initial mapping of existing strengths and resources is pivotal for local resilience-building.

  • 5.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Mojgan, Padyab
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande flyktingbarn: om effektivitet, värdighet och barnens bästa från tjänstemäns och gode mäns perspektiv2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport tar sin utgångspunkt i den svenska regeringens ställningstagande att barn som inte anses ha skyddsbehov eller andra skäl att stanna i Sverige ska kunna återvända hem på värdiga sätt. Samma regering har dock också tydligt uttalat att antalet av- och utvisningar väsentligen ska öka i förhållande till tidigare år. Det är den potentiella spänningen mellan skarpa krav på effektivitet i av- och utvisningsärenden å ena sidan och kraven på värdighet, respekt för mänskliga rättigheter och barnets bästa å den andra, som undersöks i den här rapporten. Fokus ligger på hur centrala aktörer förhåller sig till och tolkar dessa krav och på vad deras respektive förhållningssätt och tolkningar betyder för samverkan dem emellan.

    Tre fallstudier i kommuner av varierande storlek belägna i de geografiskt åtskilda länen Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland har genomförts. Fallstudierna bygger på totalt 49 intervjuer med handläggare på Migrationsverket, socialsekreterare, gode män, HVBpersonal och poliser – alla verksamma som centrala aktörer vid av- och utvisningar. I analysen av det insamlade materialet betraktas de professionella aktörerna (de gode männen undantagna) som gräsrotsbyråkrater med vida handlingsutrymmen. Det som undersöks är i vilken utsträckning de anser sig kunna omsätta de politiska målsättningarna om ökad effektivitet och bibehållen värdighet i praktiken. För att kunna analysera vad det är som utmärker samarbete och samverkan mellan aktörerna används teorier om interorganisatorisk samverkan.

    De huvudsakliga slutsatser som framkommit i rapporten är att uppfattningar om och förhållningssätt till det effektiva och värdiga återvändandet skiljer sig åt bland de olika aktörerna i Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland. Aktörerna gör egna tolkningar av begreppen effektivitet och värdighet, i vilka mening skapas utifrån professionella erfarenheter, roller och uppdrag. De största skillnaderna i uppfattning och tolkning har återfunnits mellan aktörskategorierna, inte mellan de tre fallstudierna. Polis och Migrationsverk anser generellt att effektivitet och värdighet går att förena. Poliserna och tjänstemännen på Migrationsverket har jämfört med de andra aktörerna oftare ett uttalat legalt perspektiv och ser både värdighet och respekt för barnens mänskliga rättigheter som inbäddade i det juridiska ramverket. Socialsekreterare, HVB-personal och gode män anser däremot generellt att ett återvändande mot ett barns vilja inte någonsin kan bli värdigt. De är också mer benägna att se det som att Barnkonventionen i relation till utlänningslagen hamnar i underordnad ställning. Vissa likheter mellan aktörerna har också kunnat identifieras. Samtliga betonar gott bemötande, god kommunikation och tydlig information i relation till de barn som fått av- eller utvisningsbeslut.

    Aktörernas olika förhållningssätt får konsekvenser för deras samverkan. Överlag kan samverkan i samtliga undersökta kommuner beskrivas som begränsad, oklar, personberoende och utan gemensamma mål. Aktörerna uttrycker brist på tillit och många upplever en känsla av ensamhet i sina roller. Goda erfarenheter av samverkan finns visserligen men det är tydligt att skilda professionella normer, organisationskulturer, erfarenheter och perspektiv försvårar samverkan.

  • 6.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    En resa med tvång: erfarenheter av avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande asylsökande flyktingbarn2015Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarns återvändande: om förutsättningar samt centrala aktörers roller och ansvar2014Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Richter, Jörg
    University of Hull, Hull, UK.
    Personality and mental health changes throughout the course of university police training in Sweden2018In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, ISSN 1104-2176, E-ISSN 2242-458XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Police trainees have to be prepared for future job demands and challenges. Personality plays an important role in stress management. The first assessment of a longitudinal investigation was conducted among 103 Swedish police trainees to study their personality changes and mental health responses in first two weeks after intake. Fifty-two of these trainees, who participated in the second assessment, were included in the analysis. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used to measure personality, and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) was used to measure mental health. A multiple regression analysis was performed with personality scores from the first assessment as independent variables and SCL-90-R scores as dependent variables. Over two years, minor changes were found in the police trainees’ personality characteristics, which seemingly fit the demands of policing and are potentially valuable in the trainees’ future careers. Personality characteristics are predictors of mental health at the end of university training.

  • 9.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Police leaders make poor change agents: leadership practice in the face of a major organisational reform2017In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 764-778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article examines expectations on police leaders during major organisational change pressures. Based on policy analysis and interviews with 28 police leaders, the paper seeks to answer the following question: How do police leaders' accounts of leadership practice relate to expectations from higher ranks (above), subordinates (below) and police policies concerning leadership? The results of the paper indicate that police leaders are squeezed into a position between demands from above (top  management) and demands from below (lower organisational tiers). Some of the perceived expectations and practiced leadership actions are also gendered. For example, women feel the need to prove their credibility as leaders and to act in both a caring and daring manner, something that is not evident for male police leaders. Furthermore, the material indicates a considerable mismatch between the different sets of demands expressed in interviews and expectations regarding leadership expressed in police policy discourse, wherein core values and leadership criteria are articulated. In conclusion, the findings indicate a discrepancy between official rhetoric and practice, where the leadership constructed at a policy level deviates from leadership constructed in practice. This discrepancy is argued to represent an effective barrier for change initiatives, and hence the idea that police leaders will be able to function as agents of change promoting organisational reform is highly uncertain.

  • 10.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Isaksson, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Local Service-Delivery Networks for Unaccompanied Children in Sweden: evaluating Their Effectiveness2016In: Journal of social service research, ISSN 0148-8376, E-ISSN 1540-7314, Vol. 42, no 5, p. 675-688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article defines the effectiveness of local service-delivery networks for unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) and develops criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of such networks in Sweden. It also explores factors and conditions that enhance network performance and suggests that cultural and multicultural competences are required for such networks to be effective. Twentyone evaluation criteria are developed for enhancing network performance generated from research into UASC, network governance theory, and the authors’ own evaluation of the reception of UASC in a Swedish municipality. The evaluation and this article are based on 32 interviews with social workers, legal guardians, care-home staff, teachers and school personnel, a questionnaire, and 11 interviews with UASC. The article reanalyzes data from the authors’ evaluation study finalized in 2014 and applies the criteria tentatively on this reception system. Experiences and findings include the importance of taking into account client needs and involvement in services when evaluating the effectiveness of service-delivery networks. The criteria can productively inform policy and practice when actors deliberate on how to assess and improve local reception-system and servicedelivery-network performance in different contexts.

  • 11.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Mind the blues: Swedish police officers' mental health and forced deportation of unaccompanied refugee children2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Policing is a public health issue. The police often encounter vulnerable populations. Police officers have wide discretionary powers, which could impact on how they support vulnerable populations. In encountering vulnerable populations the police officers are required to be professional; maintaining mental health in the face of challenges is part of professionalism. Their encounters with vulnerable populations might influence their mental health which in turn might influence the way they use their discretion when making decisions.

    Background/context: Sweden receives more unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children than any other country in Europe. The number of asylum applications for such children increased from 400 in 2004 to 7000 in 2014 to over 35,000 in 2015. These children come to Sweden and apply for asylum without being under the care of their parents or other legal guardian. Some are denied asylum. If they do not return to their country of origin voluntarily the police are responsible for their deportation. The Swedish government wants an increasing number of deportations and wants them carried out with dignity. This thesis is about the police officers’ perceptions of how to interpret the seemingly contradictory demands for more deportations, that is, efficiency; and concerns for human rights during the deportation process, that is, dignity. This is conceptualized using three theoretical frameworks: a) street-level bureaucracy, b) job demand-control-social support model and c) coping. These theoretical frameworks indicate the complexity of the issue and function as constructions by means of which understanding can be brought to the police officers’ perceptions of deportation work involving unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children and how such work is associated to their mental health.

    Aim: The current research aims to investigate and analyse Swedish police officers’ mental health in the context of deportations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children.

    Methods: This thesis uses both qualitative and quantitative methodology. The qualitative approach comprised interviews conducted to achieve a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of police officers’ perceptions of deportations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children. The quantitative method involved the use of validated questionnaires to investigate the association between police officers’ mental health and psychosocial job characteristics and coping. This approach made it possible to study a complex issue in a complex environment and to present relevant recommendations. A total of 14 border police officers were interviewed and 714 police officers responded to a survey.

    Results: The police officers utilize their wide discretionary powers and perceive that they are doing what is best in the situation, trying to listen to the child and to be aware of the child’s needs. Police officers with experience of deportations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children were not found to have poorer mental health than police officers with no such experience. Furthermore, high job demand, low decision latitude, low levels of work-related social support, shift work and being single are associated with poor mental health. Coping moderates the association between mental health and the experience of carrying out deportations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking, refugee children, and the police officers seem to utilize both emotional and problem-solving coping during the same complex deportation process.

    Implications / conclusions: The general conclusion reached in this thesis is that if police officers are subject to reasonable demands, have high decision latitude, access to work-related social support, and utilize adaptable coping, the deportation work does not seem to affect their mental health. When police officers meet vulnerable people, they utilize their discretionary powers to deal with seemingly contradictory demands, that is, efficiency and dignity. The executive role in the deportations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children and the awareness of dealing with a child threatened with deportation might give rise to activation of a sense of protection, safety and security. Discretion might make it possible to act on this sense of protection, safety and security and to combine efficiency and dignity. Further studies, which integrate cognitive and emotional discretion with coping, need to be undertaken.

  • 12.
    Hansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The Swedish Police Service's deportations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children: The role of coping and general mental health2017In: Cogent Psychology, ISSN 2331-1908, Vol. 4, no 1, article id 1355629Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children (UARC) coming to Sweden has increased 100 times during the last ten years. If children do not voluntarily return, the police are responsible for deportation. This study aims to describe police officers’ coping in the deportation of UARC and to investigate the associations between coping and general mental health in relation to the deportation of UARC among police officers by considering sociodemographic variables. Validity and reliability analyses were conducted for the use of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ) in the context of UARC. Mental health was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12). The GHQ-12 was the outcome (dependent variable), and the experience of deportations of UARC, the WOCQ and sociodemographic variables were the independent variables. A 5-factor structure with some important similarities and differences to the original version was confirmed. This study shows that the police officers utilize different coping strategies in the same complex situations during the deportation of UARC. The use of escape-avoidance and self-control increased the likelihood of psychological disturbance, whereas positive reappraisal had a protective effect. This research also demonstrates that coping strategies have a moderating effect on general mental health in police officers’ work with the deportations of UARC. 

  • 13.
    Hansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Police officers' use of discretion in forced repatriations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children: balancing efficiency and dignity2015In: International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice, ISSN 2332-6832, E-ISSN 2332-6840, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 101-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries in the European Union (EU)—among them Sweden—are engaged in accelerated removals of refugees, including unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children. Based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), international directives and national policies prescribe that the dignity of refugees must be respected when they are forcibly repatriated to their countries of origin. Simultaneously however, the government demands that police services improve their efficiency by continuously increasing the number of forced repatriations, something that prompts a question on the relationship between efficiency and dignity. To what extent is there a conflict between these two goals? Against this backdrop, the aim of this paper is to explore and analyse how Swedish police officers perceive their participation in forced repatriations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children. Interviews with police officers were conducted and analysed drawing on Lipsky's street-level bureaucracy perspective. The findings show that police officers use discretion to create individual perceptions of what constitutes an efficient and dignified repatriation. One main conclusion is that they perceive no conflict between efficiency and dignity. The police officers' own interpretations of what dignity is make it cognitively possible for them to combine efficiency and dignity.

  • 14.
    Hansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lauritz, Lars-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Swedish Police Officers' Job Strain, Work-Related Social Support and General Mental Health2017In: Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, ISSN 0882-0783, E-ISSN 1936-6469, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 128-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the association between psychosocial job characteristics and general mental health among police officers and the extent to which social support at work plays a role in this association. The findings are based on a cross-sectional survey. A written questionnaire was assessed by 714 police officers volunteered to participate in the study. The participants completed a series of validated instruments assessing job demand, control and social support at work (JDCS); general mental health (GHQ); and sociodemographic characteristics. High job strain was associated with low levels of work-related social support. Moreover, poor mental health was associated with low levels of work-related social support, active work and high job strain. The joint effect of high job strain and low levels of work-related social support had a significant effect on poor mental health. Work-related social support buffered job strain to some extent. Workforce health promotion policies should attempt to reduce job strain and emphasise the importance of work-related social support. Knowledge about police officers' general mental health and policymakers' support for police officers may have positive effects on the performance of the police force.

  • 15.
    Inzunza, Miguel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Stenlund, Tova
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Investigating the relation between self-reported perspective taking and objective tasks of Theory of Mind among police recruits2016In: International Test Commission’s 10th Conference i Vancouver Canada, 1- 4 July., 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several self-reported instruments measuring one of the central aspects of empathy, perspective taking. Instruments developed to investigate the relation of perspective taking and objective tasks of theory of mind (ToM) are not as common. This is a significant shortcoming when aiming to use information gathered with self-report instruments in applied fields. The ability of perspective taking has been considered to be a crucial element in the professional profile of a police officer, but alternative approaches to further investigate the validity of the construct remain to be studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between how recruits perceive their own ability of perspective taking (self-reported) and how they perform in tasks associated with this ability.

    The research design of this study was to administer instruments to about 200 police recruits in Sweden at two different occasions. The self-reported instrument was the first one administered. At the second occasion, tests based on tasks that could be considered more objective were administered to the same recruits. The instruments used were the adapted Swedish version of the Empathy Assessment Index (EAI), The Swedish version of the Reading the mind in the eyes test and an instrument that measures ToM based on different vignettes developed for a Swedish police context. The methodological procedure includes, instrument development, investigation of the association between the subjective measure and the more objective measures using CFA models.

    There was an expectation that recruits reporting higher on the perspective taking ability would perform better in the more objective tasks. The findings support this expectation to a certain level, but the findings also reveal more information on this complex relation.

    The main conclusions are that perspective taking is an important ability that ought to be measured comprising alternative approaches to be valid in applied settings.

  • 16.
    Karhina, Kateryna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Gender and social inequalities in access to structural and cognitive social capital in Ukraine: what are the determinants?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Karhina, Kateryna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social capital transformation, voluntarily services and mental health during times of military conflict in Ukraine2017In: Global Journal of Health Science, ISSN 1916-9736, E-ISSN 1916-9744, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 141-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The effects of war as well as military conflict include long-term physical and psychological harm to children and adults. Social relations and trust play a role in peace building and conflict resolution. Social capital is believed to facilitate institutional and interpersonal trust as well as safety and security, and thus may become an important resource in times of military conflict.

    OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to analyse how social capital may be transformed due to a military conflict in contemporary Ukraine and to explore the role of voluntarily services in this change. Further we aim to discuss the possible influence of social capital transformation on mental health in times of military conflict.

    METHODS: A qualitative case study design was chosen to explore it. In-depth interviews were chosen as a method for data collection. Informant’s selection criteria were: either to be involved in volunteering activities in the city of Khmelnitsky (which is the place of research) or to receive volunteering help. 18 interviews were conducted.

    Informants were reached by snowball sampling. Interviews are collected, transcribed, translated and analyzed using constructive Grounded Theory approach of Charmaz.

    RESULTS: Our results show that social capital transforms during military conflict experiences. The changes happen both in cognitive and structural components since they are connected. The most important changes occur in bonding social capital, where new formation such as brotherhood, emerges and replaces previous bonding ties with family and friends. In addition, voluntarily acting actors (those who normally belong to bridging social capital) transform into relations with bonding entities. New forms of social capital are thus generated through the existence of voluntary services, and these networks provide essential social support in times of military conflict. Perceived support softens negative emotional responses to traumatic events. In line with the stress-buffering model, our results support that the formation of new social capital in times of military conflict may protect against the negative mental health effects of these experiences.

  • 18.
    Karhina, Kateryna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Voluntary work during times of military crisis: what motivates people to be involved and what are the effects on well-being?2017In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 8, p. 1601-1619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The positive health effects of volunteering are quite well described in the lite- rature; however, potential negative effects of volunteering are less explored. Volunteering got attention in Ukraine because of the recent political crisis that brought military conflict to the Eastern part of the country in 2014. In- formal volunteering has transformed into a formal one. In order to be able to organize volunteering that promotes well-being, it is important to have more in-depth knowledge about motives behind volunteering as well as the positive and potential negative effects of it. We explore the case voluntary work in of one of the cities in Ukraine. Military conflict context has its own specifics and different motives make people act voluntarily. There are goal-oriented, val- ue-oriented, affectual and traditional motives present in our data. The data shows that involvement in volunteering brings positive returns on well-being of the providers such as enlarging the circles of friendship and expanding the networks volunteers involved in; brings positive emotions into life; compen- sates the efforts and gives meaning to life. However, the negative effects of volunteering are also present. They are physical tiredness and a lot of time spent on volunteering activities; becoming disconnected from the ordinary (non-volunteering) world; unsafety; neglect of own needs and experiences of negative emotions out of the involvement in volunteering activities. 

  • 19.
    Karhina, Kateryna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Gender differences in the association between cognitive social capital, self-rated health, and depressive symptoms: a comparative analysis of Sweden and Ukraine2016In: International Journal of Mental Health Systems, ISSN 1752-4458, E-ISSN 1752-4458, Vol. 10, article id 37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Social capital is one of the social determinants of health, but there is still a lack of studies comparing its significance for health in different cultural settings. This study investigates and compares the relations between individual cognitive social capital and depressive symptoms and self-rated health in Sweden and Ukraine for men and women separately.

    STUDY DESIGN: Two cross-sectional nationally representative surveys of adult populations were used for the analysis. Data from the Ukraine's World Health Survey and the Sweden's National Public Health Survey were analyzed in this comparative study.

    METHODS: The independent variable, cognitive social capital, was operationalized as institutional trust and feelings of safety. Depressive symptoms and self-rated health were used as the outcome variables. Crude and adjusted odds ratios and the 95 % confidence intervals were calculated using logistic regression. The model also adjusted for socio-demographic and lifestyle variables.

    RESULTS: Institutional trust is higher in Sweden compared to Ukraine (31 % of the Swedes vs. 12 % of the Ukrainians reported high trust to their national government/parliament). There is a strong association between self-rated health and institutional trust for both sexes in Sweden (odds ratio/OR = 1.99; 95 % CI = 1.58-2.50 for women and OR = 1.82, CI = 1.48-2.24 for men who reported low institutional trust compared with those with high institutional trust) but only for women (OR = 1.88, CI = 1.12-3.15) in Ukraine. Trust thus seems to be more important for self-rated health of women and men in Sweden compared to their counterparts in Ukraine. Significant associations between depressive symptoms and institutional trust were not observed in either country after adjusting for socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. A lack of feeling of safety increased the odds of having depressive symptoms among women (OR = 1.97, CI = 1.41-2.76) and men (OR = 3.91, CI = 2.19-6.97) in Sweden. The same association was observed for poor self-rated health among Swedish women (OR = 2.15, CI = 1.55-2.99) and men (OR = 2.75, CI = 1.58-4.80). In Ukraine, a lack of feeling of safety did not show any significant association with self-rated health or depressive symptoms for men, but it increased the odds of depressive symptoms among women (OR = 1.72, CI = 1.13-2.62).

    CONCLUSIONS: In general, individual cognitive social capital is higher in Sweden than in Ukraine, and there is a stronger association between cognitive social capital and self-rated health in Sweden than in Ukraine. Interventions aiming to increase cognitive social capital for health promoting purposes might be favorable in Sweden, but this is not evidently the case in Ukraine.

  • 20.
    Kohlström, Kirsi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Policy ideals for a reformed education: How police students value new and enduring content in a time of change2017In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 29, no 7/8, p. 524-536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This study aims to examine how subgroups within a cohort of Swedish police students value different types of curricula content (i.e. new competencies versus enduring ones) in the context of the currently transforming landscape of basic police training.

    Design/methodology/approach Drawing on a Swedish national survey (N = 369), the study examined variations in how students value new versus enduring police curricula content based on sociodemographic factors. Specifically, factors such as student age and gender and the institutional arrangements of education were tested using an independent t test.

    Findings The study identified differences in values based on gender. Female students valued competencies such as communication, flexibility, diversity and decisiveness as more important in an educational setting than did males. Fewer differences were found in relation to institutional arrangement, and in-house students valued flexibility and communication skill as more important for educational curricula compared to university-based students. No differences were found in relation to age.

    Originality/value This study adds knowledge to the question of how changes in occupational education policy develop in practice. More specifically, the study explored how students in educational programmes value new versus enduring competencies and whether differences can be identified based on sociodemographic factors. These questions are important because they expose sociodemographic conditions that influence how students value policy-driven skills versus enduring ones.

  • 21.
    Kohlström, Kirsi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Policy Ideals for a Reformed Education: Police Students' Occupational Attitudes in a Time of Change2015In: 9th International Conference on Researching Work and Learning: 9-11 December 2015, School of the Arts Singapore, 2015, p. 1-15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines discrepancies between educational objectives expressed in police vocational education policy and police recruits' views on knowledge and anticipatory occupational expectations. From a global perspective, police institutions in many countries are currently undergoing substantial professional reorientations in light of societal developments such as transforming demographics, increased societal diversity, changing public demands on police service delivery and crime patterns that are increasingly transnational and globalised. In sum, these developments have been suggested to be leading to increased complexity in the police's fulfilment of their professional obligations and new demands on police professional knowledge. In the context of police education, these shifts are visible on a policy level wherein experiential approaches to policing are increasingly substituted for problem-oriented and evidence-based policing which builds on theory, evaluation and utilisation of research. On the level of police educational curricula, traditional subjects, such as law enforcement, investigation and crime control, are increasingly complemented with subjects such as cultural awareness, communication and gender and diversity training. Given these broad developments, the present study investigates how the uptake of new educational ideas and practices is perceived by students undergoing police education. Previous research has put forth that educational content at variance with the occupational practices and culture of the police runs a considerable risk of being disapproved by police recruits and by extension has little or no impact on student learning. Drawing on a Swedish national survey (n=369) targeting Swedish police students in their fourth term of police education, the present paper investigates discrepancies between policy objectives and students attitudes towards 'new' subjects. The survey measures students values and attitudes towards different areas of police educational content. The results indicate that skill areas such as communication, flexibility and diversity are considered more important to emphasise in education by female students than male students. Based on the results, the authors discuss how ideas regarding policing which are promoted on a policy level may influence the development of new kinds of skills in police practice. Discrepancies between official rhetoric and police educational practice are discussed in terms of how such gaps may counteract the development of new kinds of expertise and knowledge within the occupational community of the police.

  • 22.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lära är livet: Att vara polis i en föränderlig värld2013In: Polisen: Verksamhet och arbete / [ed] Eklund, N., Landström, L., Malmö: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 66-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Impact of selection and distrust in construction of professional police identity2013In: The Evolution of Policing: Worldwide Innovations and Insights / [ed] Melchor C. de Guzman; Aideo Mintie Das; Dilip K. Das, Taylor & Francis, 2013, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Police culture is often described as strongly unifying, leading to a feeling of a strong professional identity. The main reasons for these descriptions, as suggested in police research are due to the profession’s shared risks and the role of authoritarianism. In this chapter, two complementary reasons are presented, both manifested in the image that police students and officers believe others have of them. The students’ images are formed from the feelings of being selected and that others distrust them. In conclusion, our results provide strong empirical support for the images as significant constructors in the formation of a professional police identity.

  • 24.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Nyman, Carina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Klingvall, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Police students’ learning preferences: suitable responses from the learning environment2013In: Policing: an international Journal of Police Strategies and Managment, ISSN 1363-951X, E-ISSN 1758-695X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 195-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature reveals the following pattern: that police students worldwide prefer on-the-job training to theoretical, academic studies. In this study, using a Swedish version of Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory, we test the learning preferences of Swedish police students in two groups, one at the beginning and one at the end of their studies. The students score quite far along what in the inventory is labelled the pragmatic side of the transforming axis, as opposed to the reflective side. Two alternative responses to this fact are discussed. The first is for the education programme to adapt to this learning preference and use mainly hands-on learning activities that fit the students’ preferences. The other is to take the opposite route and activate the students’ less-preferred side. The article argues for both ways but emphasizes the second as a means of training students’ general learning capabilities.

  • 25.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Competence in professional practice: a practice theory analysis of police and doctors2015In: Human Relations, ISSN 0018-7267, E-ISSN 1741-282X, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 561-582Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines a theoretical understanding of competence as the inferred potential for desirable activity within a professional practice. By employing the concept of ‘teleoaffective structure’ as developed in Schatzki’s practice theory, our study investigates how notions of competent and excellent professionals are defined in two separate practices in which highly qualified professionals share formal qualifications. The study is comparative and based on a total of 39 interviews carried out in the Swedish National Police Counter-Terrorist Unit (police) and with recruiters of medical interns (doctors) in Swedish healthcare. Results indicate that, despite obvious differences between the professional groups in the study, some remarkable similarities are apparent in what are regarded as high levels of competence. Surprisingly, technical expertise was downplayed as an indicator of high levels of competence in both practices. The professional groups emphasized flexibility, drive/ambition and social competence, as well as the ability to balance between being highly capable and being humble before others, including other groups of professionals as characteristics of excellence. Based on the results, the authors discuss a ‘logic of excellence’ that can be used to describe mechanisms of competence differentiation in professional practices from a practice theory perspective.

  • 26.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Graduate employability as social suitability: professional competence from a practice theory perspective2017In: Graduate Employability in Context: Theory, Research and Debate  / [ed] Michael Tomlinson & Leonard Holmes, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, p. 255-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What makes an employer decide in a graduate’s favour when applying for a new job? This question is urgent and important for many graduates who are hoping to get the upper hand in competing for their first job, yet research can tell us little about how to answer it. In an effort to inquire into this question, the following chapter outlines an understanding of graduate employability based in workplace practices. Practice theory is an umbrella term for a number of theories and concepts focusing on the importance of activity for understanding the social world. ‘The practice turn’ in social science seeks to bridge some problematic dualisms (such as actor-structure) in other theories. In the version of practice theory that will be presented below, we draw upon the theorisation presented by Theodore Schatzki (2001, 2005) and our previous work within this framework (Lindberg and Rantatalo 2015), in an effort to translate practice-theory concepts into research tools for examining graduate employability.

  • 27.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Police leadership practice in times of uncertainty and organisational turmoil2015In: Working and learning in times of uncertainty: challenges to adult, professional and vocational education / [ed] Sandra Bohlinger, Ulrika Haake, Christian Helms Jørgensen, Hanna Toiviainen, Andreas Wallo, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers , 2015, p. 103-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Making sense through false syntheses: Working with paradoxes in the reorganization of the Swedish police2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 175-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses how a working group in the Swedish police made sense of their task in the wake of reorganization. It aims to describe how inputs from top management prompted processes of sensemaking within the group, and their subsequent results in responding to latent paradoxes. The police group’s work was studied through participant observation, interviews and documents. The findings illustrate how the group made latent paradoxes salient and how they worked with these paradoxes to ultimately make them latent again by what we call “false syntheses”. Through this process, the group achieved its task, but the paradoxes were reproduced, made latent and pushed away to another part of the organization. Thus, sensemaking transforms paradoxes from latent to salient, from macro to micro levels of the organization.

  • 29.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Stenling, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Police bodies and police minds: professional learning through bodily practices of sport participation2017In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 371-387Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the literature concerned with bodily perspectives on professional learning by reporting on a study of Swedish police officers’ sport participation as a form of occupational learning. The study seeks to answer how ideals of work practice and sport participation intersect, how professional learning is channelled through sport participation, and how such bodily practices might have excluding effects on professional participation. Using a practice theory framework, the Schatzkian concept of teleoaffective structure guides the analysis. Sixteen interviews were conducted with police officers who practice police sports. The analysis targeted symbolic manifestations of teleoaffectivity, and the findings indicate five overlapping ideals between sport and police practice. In addition, one police specific ideal was constructed. Based on these findings, we discuss how professionals learn by participation in practices not directly related to the work in question, and how such learning includes and excludes from participation.

  • 30.
    Lindgren, Carina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Widing, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Söderlund, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Söderström, Tor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Education through Technologies: Preparing Police Students for Realistic Scenario Training2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Lindgren, Carina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Widing, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Söderlund, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Söderström, Tor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    En modell för design av scenarioträning2014In: / [ed] Umeå universitet, Luleå tekniska universitet, Mittuniversitetet samt skogsvetenskapliga fakulteten vid SLU, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Lindgren, Carina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Widing, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Söderlund, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Åström, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Söderström, Tor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    En modell för design av scenarioträning2014In: 5th Nordic Police Research Seminar: Seminars and Posters, Linköping: Linnéuniversitetet , 2014, p. 27-27Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The integration of theory and practice is an eternal question for educators. The article reports from a project in progress concerning the design of realistic scenario training. The aim with the project is to develop a virtual learning space that takes into account the preparation before, the actions during and the debriefing after the realistic scenario training. The preparation phase will be done collaboratively with help of videos of different situations in order to achieve reflections that guides the actions in the coming scenario (implementation phase). The online debriefing phase, where recordings of their own actions will be used, aim to help students to reflect on their experiences of their training. The goals are to create a model that will increase the students´ activity and involvement to enable for increased knowledge and competence but also for better used teacher time. Results from the pilot study show that students are very satisfied and believe that the preparation concept enhances their learning and use of the scenario exercise. A larger study will be carried out in the spring of 2014 in order to investigate the impact of structured preparation and debriefing for police students learning of police knowledge and skills.

  • 33.
    Löfgren, Hans O.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Nilsson, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Petersen, Solveig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Hägglöf, Bruno
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Healthier Parents: Effects of Parent Training Programs on Mental Health2017In: International Journal of Social Work and Human Services Practice, ISSN 2332-6832, E-ISSN 2332-6840, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 70-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to investigate the effects of Parent Training Programs on the mental health of parents with children aged between 1 and 17 in a universal preventive setting. The intervention group included 279 parents who were assigned to five professionally administered interventions, which included 5–10 two-hour sessions; they were then compared to 702 parents in the comparison group without intervention. The improvement in general mental health was statistically significant in the intervention group compared to the comparison group. The findings suggest that evidence-based parent training programs enhance well-being in parents without indicated problems. However further exploration of preventive training programs for parents are needed.

  • 34.
    Löfgren, Hans O.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nyroos, Mikaela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hägglöf, Bruno
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    First-level trial of two school-based prevention programmes for depression, anxiety and social problems in adolescentsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recognizing the positive mental health benefits of school-based interventions, the present study examined the effect of the preventive programmes. A small feasibility try-out turned out to have conclusive results worth reporting. Choosing Healthy Actions and Thoughts (CHAT) was examined and compared to Life-Skills, commonly used primary preventive method in Swedish schools that has been evaluated in research studies and showing effects on social skills. The aim was to determine if CHAT can be included in the school curriculum and result in positive mental health gains. A community sample of 59 pupils in grade 7 completed a test battery including the Sense of Coherence, the Children’s Depression Inventory, and the Youth Self Report instruments. Post intervention measures were performed at two time points, i.e., right after the intervention sessions and after 12 months follow-up. The two programmes aimed at improving mental health in schoolchildren and both are administered by teachers. The main result was improvement in self-reported depression symptoms for the CHAT programme and less social problems for the Life-Skill programme. There is however a dimension, attention problems, where the programmes had no effect. The feasibility was considered satisfactory. Educational and healthcare implications are discussed.

  • 35.
    Löfgren, Hans O.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Petersen, Solveig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Nilsson, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hägglöf, Bruno
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Effects of Parent Training Programmes on Parents' Sense of Competence in a General Population Sample2017In: Global Journal of Health Science, ISSN 1916-9736, E-ISSN 1916-9744, Vol. 9, no 7, p. 24-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: This longitudinal case-controlled study examined the effects of universal parent-focused interventions on parents’ perceived competence in terms of parental efficacy and satisfaction.

    METHOD: The study sample consisted of parents from northern Sweden in the general population who participated in parent training programmes from 2010 to 2013, and a matched-comparison group. All parents had children aged 0–17. Sense of competence was measured by the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale at pre- and post-intervention and six months after the intervention.

    RESULTS: The intervention group showed a statistically significant improvement in parental competence compared to the comparison group over time. The intervention itself had a significant effect on parental satisfaction, but the efficacy effect was not sustained when taking into account potential confounders.

    CONCLUSIONS: Earlier studies indicate that parent training programmes enhance perceived parental competence amongst referred parents. The present study shows that parent training programmes applied in the general population may also enhance perceived parental satisfaction, suggesting that parent training programmes can be an important preventive strategy to enhance parental feelings of satisfaction in the wider population. The results suggest that parents who participate in parent training programmes might have a need to increase parental competence, based on lower scores than the comparison group, both before and after the intervention.

  • 36.
    Löfgren, Hans O.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Petersen, Solveig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Nilsson, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hägglöf, Bruno
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Effects of Parent Training Programs on Parental Stress in a General Swedish Population Sample2017In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 700-716, article id 75044Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a confirmatory study that assessed the effects of parent training programs on parental stress in a general population. There is a need to repeat and confirm earlier findings to acquire solid knowledge for policy stakeholders. In a quasi-experimental design, self-reported data were gathered at three occasions from 83 parents of children between the ages from one to ten years. These parents had responded to advertisements of parent training programs, and were matched to a comparison group of 83 parents chosen from a governmental database. Parent training program based upon behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, Adlerian and family system-theories. Parental stress due to incompetence, role restriction, social isolation, spousal relationship problems, and health problems were measured by the Swedish Parenthood Stress Ques- tionnaire that is based on the Parent Stress Index Scale. The data indicated a reduction of stress in the sub-scale of health problems among parents in the intervention group with an effect size of 0.33, however, no other subscale showed the intervention as a significant variable when controlling for confounding variables. This study adds on the accumulated knowledge of supporting interventions for parents. We conclude that parent training programs have a significant effect on the stress components of parental health when implemented in real-life settings. 

  • 37.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Media representations and police officers’ identity work in a specialised police tactical unit2016In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 97-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing body of research has highlighted how media representations of policing and contemporary police work are interconnected and influence each other. An under- explored dimension of this relation is how mediated representations of policing transfer meaning to police officers’ sensemaking of their occupational identities. With the aim of advancing knowledge on this issue, the following article reports a case study of a tactical police unit and explores what roles media representations of the unit play in serving police officers’ narrative ‘identity work’ relative to their work and their organisation. Methodologically, the article draws on an analysis of newspaper articles about the studied police unit and interviews with police officers working within the unit. The findings indicate that positively biased representations depicting the unit as heroic and elite had self-enhancing effects on police officers’ identifications, whilst critically oriented media narratives spurred reframing and projection of local counter- images of occupational work identity. These findings add to the present understanding of how the media affect real-life policing, by highlighting how these representations convey meanings to police practice and occupational identification.

  • 38.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Polisiär cykelpatrullering: en kunskapsöversikt och explorativ fallstudie om trafiksäkerhetsarbete i gång- och cykelnätverk2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport undersöker erfarenheter och möjliga tillämpningsområden för polisiär patrullering med cykel. Specifikt undersöks frågan om hur cykelpatruller kan arbeta för ökad säkerhet inom cykel och gångtrafiknätverk i storstadsområden. Studien är explorativ till sin art och fokuserar på hur poliser med erfarenhet av cykelpatrullering uppfattar metodens inverkan på sociala normer, regelefterlevnad och riskbeteenden i cykel- och gångtrafiknätverk. Metodologiskt är studien kvalitativ och baseras på intervjuer med poliser, observationer av cykelpatrullering samt videodokumentation av polisens trafiksäkerhetsarbete med cyklar. Resultaten tyder på att cykelpatrullering är en lovande och innovativ åtgärd för att fokusera gångoch cykelnätverk i polisens arbete. De intervjuade poliserna rapporterade cykelpatrullering innebar ökad tillgänglighet och täta kontakter med allmänheten. Poliserna uppgav att deras närvaro hade en normativ effekt på beteenden hos cyklister och fotgängare. I rapporten diskuteras hur polisiära cykelpatruller kan vara en viktig källa för tyst kunskap om gång och cykeltrafik. Rekommenderade områden för fortsatta studier är hur cykelpatrullering kan riktas mot högriskområden, så kallade trafik ”hot spots” samt vilken signalvärde polisiära cykelpatruller har ur allmänhetens perspektiv

  • 39.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Using police bicycle patrols to manage social order in bicycle and pedestrian traffic networks: a Swedish case study2016In: The Police Journal, ISSN 0032-258X, E-ISSN 1740-5599, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 18-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how bicycle police units perceive their impact on social norms of rule compliance and risk behaviours in bicycle and pedestrian traffic networks. Using qualitative methods, a police bicycle patrol was analysed. Findings indicate that bicycle patrols are promising as an innovative measure to target bicycle and pedestrian traffic enforcement. Police reported that the bicycle patrol allowed increased accessibility and that police presence on bicycles had a positive normative impact on the behaviours of bike riders and pedestrians. The discussion encompasses the way in which bicycle patrol units hold important tacit knowledge of street life that could play a key role in policy making.

  • 40.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Sparrhoff, Gun
    Linköpings universitet.
    Bäck, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Den pluralistiska ledarskapsforskningen: en översikt över svenska avhandlingarom ledarskap 2003–20142016In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 3-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledarskap har i ett internationellt perspektiv studerats över tid men hittills vet vi ganska lite hur det svenska forskningslandskapet ser ut. Svensk ledarskapsforskninghar anekdotiskt konstaterats vara svag samtidigt som Sverige, med en arbetsmarknad präglad av samförstånd och korta beslutsvägar, utgör en intressant kontext för ledarskapsstudier. En delaspekt av forskning om ledarskap är hur fenomenet studerats i avhandlingar. Givet dessa konstateranden syftar följande forskningsöversikt till analysera doktorsavhandlingar om ledarskap skrivna 2003–2014. Specifikt besvaras fyra frågor: 1) Vilka ämnen och institutioner studerar ledarskap? 2) Vad studeras i avhandlingar om ledarskap? 3) Hur har ledarskap studerats? 4) Vilka kunskapsbidrag kan identifieras i de analyserade avhandlingarna? Totalt analyserades 70 avhandlingar i studien och valet att analysera avhandlingar motiveras av att doktorsavhandlingar kan spegla lokal praxis och trender i kunskapsbildning inom akademin. Resultatet visar på att ledarskap som forskningsfält är fragmenterat mellan olika ämnen och forskningsbedrivande institutioner, att kvalitativa metoder var vanligare än kvantitativa samt att förvånansvärt lite av forskningen relaterar till, eller tar avstamp ifrån, andra svenska eller skandinaviska forskargruppers arbeten. I artikeln diskuteras avslutningsvis hur bristande kommunikation mellan forskningsmiljöer kan hänga ihop med att ledarskap i många av destuderade avhandlingarna studerats instrumentellt som en delmängd av andra ämnesområden.

  • 41.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Collective reflection in practice: an ethnographic study of Swedish police training2016In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 708-723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although reflection has been viewed as an individual process, increased attention has been given to how reflective processes are socially anchored. The present article contributes to this knowledge through an examination of how collective reflection is enacted in the context of police education. The article is based on a one-year ethnographic study of police recruits undergoing training, and the main sources of data collection were participant observations and field interviews. The data were inductively analysed, and a model that differentiates amongst ‘specular’, ‘dialogic’ and ‘polyphonic’ reflection processes is presented. The findings suggest that collective reflection involving multiple individuals adds complexity to reflective processes and that these processes may take on more diverse forms than has been acknowledged, as previous research has mainly focused on dialogic collective reflection. The implications of these findings, such as how increased complexity may counteract the benefits of collective reflection, are also discussed.

  • 42.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Stories of policing: the role of storytelling in police students' sensemaking of early work-based experiences2018In: Vocations and Learning, ISSN 1874-785X, E-ISSN 1874-7868, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 161-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Storytelling has been shown to play a key role in transferring work experience from more experienced towards novices in a number of vocational educational practices, however previous studies have not to the same extent dealt with the role of students’ own storytelling practices for sensemaking of work experience. This study set out to examine police students’ storytelling of their first occupational experiences from a sensemaking perspective, with an analysis drawing on the concepts of enactment, selection, and retention. The study is based on participant observations of field training follow up sessions’ in the context of police education. Findings indicated that student storytelling of work experience tended to be geared towards action, extremeness and the telling of ‘war stories’. Furthermore, these type of stories functioned to enable student identification, self-enhancement and emotion management. These findings contribute to our current understanding of how students engage in sensemaking of work-based experiences and in extension how knowledge integration and learning from work placements can be structured pedagogically.

  • 43.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lauritz, Lars-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Future police?: A longitudinal project on police officers' development of reflective abilities in training and professional life2014In: Nordic Police Research Seminar, Växjö 19th – 21st August 2014: 5 th Nordic Police Research Seminar, Seminars and Posters, 2014, p. 28-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish police are currently undergoing major changes as a result of increased demand for efficiency and service. A central theme in the current reform debate is the importance of "future police" to hold reflective abilities. In relation to the positive rhetoric surrounding the idea of ​​these abilities there is little knowledge of how this ambition can be realized. The research we propose focuses on this very issue. The project is longitudinal and aims to investigate how police officers' reflexive abilities develop at different stages of socialization in education and occupational practice. Our research questions are 1) how reflective abilities develop in academic training; field training and occupational entry 2) the opportunities for reflection these contexts offer and 3) if and how female and male students' development of reflective abilities differ. The project will build knowledge on how police officers' reflexive abilities change and evolve through different phases of socialization and especially on how the development of reflective abilities can be enhanced in education and occupation. This is an issue which is justified from a scientific perspective as surprisingly little previous research has focused on how reflective practice can be achieved, but it is also a matter of practical relevance in the light of ongoing changes in the police.

  • 44.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ghazinour, Seyedmehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lauritz, Lars-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hur utvecklas nya polisers reflexiva förmågor under yrkessocialisation? En agenda för framtida forskning.2015In: The past, the present and the future of police research: proceedings from the fifth Nordic police research seminar / [ed] Granér, Rolf & Kronkvist, Ola, Växjö: Linnæus University , 2015, p. 171-184Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisers förmåga att reflektera i och kring sin yrkespraktik blir en alltviktigare faktor i en snabbt föränderlig omvärld. För svensk polishandlar förändringen till exempel om metodförändringar som följerav ändrade tekniska möjligheter men också om den pågående organisationsförändringendär landets tidigare 21 polismyndigheter bliviten enda från 1 januari 2015. Organisationsförändringen är å enasidan en tydlig centralisering. Å andra sidan ska den, enligt både denutredning som föregått förändringen och enligt beslut som fattats igenomförandearbetet, leda till en decentralisering av beslutsfattandei polisers vardagsarbete. Med ett sådant förändrat mandat blir enskildapolisers förmåga att fatta egna beslut grundade på ett professionelltoch reflexivt förhållningssätt en allt viktigare framgångsfaktori polisverksamhet.I detta kapitel beskrivs ett projekt som undersöker polisstudentersutvecklande av reflexiva förmågor i utbildning och i tidig karriär.Huvudfrågan som behandlas är hur reflektion kan stödjas pedagogisktunder formell utbildning, i aspiranttjänstgöring samt i tidigyrkespraktik. I kapitlet presenterar vi en agenda för forskning omhur förutsättningarna för sådana processer kan förstås och främjas.

    Reflexiv praktik är ett ofta förekommande begrepp inom en arbetslivspedagogiskkontext och reflektion är ett begrepp som oftaomgärdas av en stark positiv retorik. Förmåga till reflektion har visatsig vara av stor betydelse för lärande i både utbildning och arbetslivoch visar sig stödja både problemlösning, innovation och generell kreativitet. Förmåga till reflektion anses också viktig för ett professionelltförhållningssätt i yrkessammanhang som kräver diskretionoch hög grad av autonomitet. I sådana sammanhang indikerarforskning att reflexiv praktik bidrar till ett effektivt erfarenhetsbaseratlärande och ett professionellt yrkesutövande (Boud, Cressey, &Docherty, 2006; Knipfer, Kump, Wessel, & Cress, 2013; Schön,1987).

    Trots att reflektion är ett vetenskapligt väl etablerat begrepp ärdet svårfångat på den praktiska nivån. Mycket uppmärksamhet harriktats mot individers och gruppers möjligheter till lärande och utvecklinggenom ett aktivt arbete med reflektion. Däremot finnsmindre kunskap om hur man på institutionell nivå kan organiseraverksamhet för att uppnå reflektion i olika sammanhang (Jordan,2010; Reynolds & Vince, 2004). Det finns en närmast total konsensusom att reflektion är något gott både i arbetslivet och i övrigalivet. Ändå vet vi inte mycket om hur en organisation ska formas föratt stödja den goda reflektionen. I detta kapitel visar vi på behovetav att undersöka organisatoriska förutsättningar för reflektion i polisiärgrundutbildning och tidig yrkeskarriär inom polisen.

  • 45.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Kohlström, Kirsi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Police education in transformation: How police recruits in European countries value new and enduring educational content in a time of uncertainty and change?2016In: EuroCrim 2016: Crime and Crime Control, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines police recruits’ values and attitudes toward different learning content in a number of European countries in a time of uncertainty. From a global perspective, police institutions in many countries are currently undergoing substantial professional reorientation as an answer to changing demands on policing due to transformations of the society such as flows of refugees, demographic changes, increased societal diversity and transnational crime patterns. In sum, these developments has been suggested to lead to increased complexity in the fulfilment of the police’s professional obligations and new demands on police professional knowledge. On a level of police educational curricula, traditional subjects such as law enforcement, investigation and crime control are increasingly complemented with subjects such as cultural awareness, communication, as well as gender and diversity training. Drawing on empirical data from the RECPOL (Recruitment, Education, Careers in the Police) project the attitudes among female and male police recruits, when entering their police training, are analysed and discussed in relation to enduring and new content in police education. The results are also discussed from a broader Euoropean perspective in terms of similarities and differences between educational systems and the traditions and role of the police in the countries taking part in the project. Finally we also touch on implications for decision makers and training providers for developing a police education preparing recruits for policing in a changing society. 

  • 46.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Liminal practice and reflection in professional education: police education and medical education2018In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 351-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of how liminality relates to the facilitation of reflective practice in professional education. Liminality refers to sites and positions that exhibit 'in-betweenness', or bordering positions, that might draw together different institutional conditions. The present project aims to examine the role of liminality in professional educational practice with a specific focus upon how liminality may support student reflection. Using a qualitative and comparative research approach, we analysed interview and observational data from police education and a medical programme. Observations and interviews explore practices of collective interactional (and hence observable) reflection at sites that are characterised by ‘betweenness’ of work and education. Findings indicate that situations that afford reflection are characterised by a sense of undeterminedness in terms of either the subject, space or activity. Thus, we conclude that there is some evidence that liminality affords reflection, but also that liminality and underminedness are fragile states that are not easily organised in a professional education curriculum.

  • 47.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Kihlberg, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Negotiations and Research Bargains: Bending Professional Norms in the Effort to Gain Field Access2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, ISSN 1609-4069, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study provides an autoethnographic account of the efforts to gain field access to a police organization, spanning more than 2 years. The aim is to describe a case of gaining access in relation to the professional norms of science put forward by Robert K. Merton. Aided by an organized record of notes, e-mails, and other written communications regarding access (144 memos of various types), the study describes and discusses the negotiations with Mertonian norms that followed from the dissonance between ideals of research and practical reality. Opening up for further scholarly discussion, this article concludes that Merton’s norms are incongruent with both prevailing guidelines of research ethics and with the practical, short-term problems of access negotiations and research bargains.

  • 48.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Sjöberg, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Supporting roles in live simulations: how observers and confederates can facilitate learning2018In: Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 1363-6820, E-ISSN 1747-5090Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Live simulations in which students perform the roles of future professionals or act as confederates (i.e. student actors) are important training activities in different types of vocational education. While previous research has focused on the learning of students who enact a professional, secondary roles in scenario training, such as student observers and confederates, have received inadequate attention. The present study focuses on student observers and confederates in order to examine how these roles can support the learning of other participants in live simulations and to determine how the experience of performing these roles can become a learning experience for the performers. A total of 15 individual interviews and 1 group interview of students attending Swedish police training were conducted. The study findings indicated that the observer role is characterised by distance and detachment, and the confederate role by directness and sensory involvement. Both roles can support as well as inhibit intentional learning for primary participants and offer learning experiences for those playing the roles. The study theorises these roles and lists practical implications for planning live simulations in vocational education and training.

  • 49.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Stenling, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Police bodies and police minds: Occupational socialization through sport2016In: Book of Abstracts, 2016, p. 80-80Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of Swedish police officers’ sport participation as a form of occupational socialisation. Previously, questions of how sport functions as socialisation for work practice has been largely overlooked in the literature. The police are an interesting case, as policing is permeated by ideas of bodily prowess. The study seeks to answer how ideals of work practice are enacted through sport participation and how such socialisation has excluding effects. Using a practice theory framework, the concept of teleoaffective structure guides the analysis. Twelve interviews were conducted with police officers who have experience in police sports and policing. The analysis targeted symbolic manifestations of teleoaffectivity, and the findings indicate five overlapping ideals between sport and police practice. In addition, one police specific ideal was constructed. Based on these findings, we discuss how participation in sport practices subtly shape occupational norms.  

  • 50.
    Renström, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Sport for adults: Using frame factor theory to investigate the significance of local sports instructors for a new Sport for All programme in Sweden2018In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, ISSN 2000-088X, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 9, p. 87-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe, Sport for All includes increasing adults’ physical activity levels. Drawing on frame factor theory, this article examined the establishment of a sports programme offering recreational and fitness activities for adults within the Swedish Sports Confederation. Data from eight interviews with local sports instructors were analysed to investigate the content of activities for adults and how and why the instructors carried out these activities. The main finding is that sports as fitness and recreation activities for adults are carried out by the instructors within three patterns: participatory, mediation, and continuous. There is a ‘logic of enabling’ that emerges from these patterns: the instructors strive to make it possible for adults to practise sport for fitness and recreational purposes through a range of adjustments. However, the cues for the instructors regarding how to carry out a practice for adults are vague. The results also show that these groups for adults will only be offered as long as the resources for the traditional elite groups and groups for children and youth are not at risk.

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