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  • 1. Anderson, Ian
    et al.
    Robson, Bridget
    Connolly, Michele
    Al-Yaman, Fadwa
    Bjertness, Espen
    King, Alexandra
    Tynan, Michael
    Madden, Richard
    Bang, Abhay
    Coimbra, Carlos E. A., Jr.
    Pesantes, Maria Amalia
    Amigo, Hugo
    Andronov, Sergei
    Armien, Blas
    Obando, Daniel Ayala
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Bhatti, Zaid Shakoor
    Bhutta, Zulfi Qar Ahmed
    Bjerregaard, Peter
    Bjertness, Marius B.
    Briceno-Leon, Roberto
    Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild
    Bustos, Patricia
    Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi
    Chu, Jiayou
    Deji, .
    Gouda, Jitendra
    Harikumar, Rachakulla
    Htay, Thein Thein
    Htet, Aung Soe
    Izugbara, Chimaraoke
    Kamaka, Martina
    King, Malcolm
    Kodavanti, Mallikharjuna Rao
    Lara, Macarena
    Laxmaiah, Avula
    Lema, Claudia
    Taborda, Ana Maria Leon
    Liabsuetrakul, Tippawan
    Lobanov, Andrey
    Melhus, Marita
    Meshram, Indrapal
    Miranda, J. Jaime
    Mu, Thet Thet
    Nagalla, Balkrishna
    Nimmathota, Arlappa
    Popov, Andrey Ivanovich
    Poveda, Ana Maria Penuela
    Ram, Faujdar
    Reich, Hannah
    Santos, Ricardo V.
    Sein, Aye Aye
    Shekhar, Chander
    Sherpa, Lhamo Y.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Tano, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Tanywe, Asahngwa
    Ugwu, Chidi
    Ugwu, Fabian
    Vapattanawong, Patama
    Wan, Xia
    Welch, James R.
    Yang, Gonghuan
    Yang, Zhaoqing
    Yap, Leslie
    Indigenous and tribal peoples' health (The Lancet-Lowitja Institute Global Collaboration): a population study2016Inngår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 388, nr 10040, 131-157 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: International studies of the health of Indigenous and tribal peoples provide important public health insights. Reliable data are required for the development of policy and health services. Previous studies document poorer outcomes for Indigenous peoples compared with benchmark populations, but have been restricted in their coverage of countries or the range of health indicators. Our objective is to describe the health and social status of Indigenous and tribal peoples relative to benchmark populations from a sample of countries.

    Methods: Collaborators with expertise in Indigenous health data systems were identified for each country. Data were obtained for population, life expectancy at birth, infant mortality, low and high birthweight, maternal mortality, nutritional status, educational attainment, and economic status. Data sources consisted of governmental data, data from non-governmental organisations such as UNICEF, and other research. Absolute and relative differences were calculated.

    Findings: Our data (23 countries, 28 populations) provide evidence of poorer health and social outcomes for Indigenous peoples than for non-Indigenous populations. However, this is not uniformly the case, and the size of the rate difference varies. We document poorer outcomes for Indigenous populations for: life expectancy at birth for 16 of 18 populations with a difference greater than 1 year in 15 populations; infant mortality rate for 18 of 19 populations with a rate difference greater than one per 1000 livebirths in 16 populations; maternal mortality in ten populations; low birthweight with the rate difference greater than 2% in three populations; high birthweight with the rate difference greater than 2% in one population; child malnutrition for ten of 16 populations with a difference greater than 10% in five populations; child obesity for eight of 12 populations with a difference greater than 5% in four populations; adult obesity for seven of 13 populations with a difference greater than 10% in four populations; educational attainment for 26 of 27 populations with a difference greater than 1% in 24 populations; and economic status for 15 of 18 populations with a difference greater than 1% in 14 populations.

    Interpretation: We systematically collated data across a broader sample of countries and indicators than done in previous studies. Taking into account the UN Sustainable Development Goals, we recommend that national governments develop targeted policy responses to Indigenous health, improving access to health services, and Indigenous data within national surveillance systems.

  • 2.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    A few remarks on identity, indigenous health and colonization2015Inngår i: Under the same sun: parallel issues and mutual challenges for San and Sami peoples and research / [ed] Peter Sköld, Moa Sandström and Maitseo Bolaane, Umeå: Vaartoe/Centre for Sami Research (CeSam), Umeå University , 2015, 1, 147-153 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Abandoning "the other": statistical enumeration of Swedish Sami, 1700 to 1945 and beyond2010Inngår i: Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, ISSN 0170-6233, E-ISSN 1522-2365, Vol. 33, nr 3, 263-279 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [de]

    Schweden verfügt ber eine weltweit herausragende, umfassende Sammlung statistischer Bevlkerungsdaten. Bereits im 18. Jahrhundert wurden im ganzen Land ethnische Daten in Pfarrregistern erfasst, und im frhen 19. Jahrhundert wurde eine eigene Kategorie für die Sami-Bevlkerung in die Formulare eingefügt, mit denen Informationen für das Tabellverket (Nationale Bevlkerungsstatistik) gesammelt wurden. Ab 1860 wurden die Sami außerdem in der staatlichen Volkszhlung erfasst. Dennoch fehlen Schweden heute (im Gegensatz zu vielen anderen Lndern) eigene statistische Informationen ber ethnische Gruppen – nicht nur über die Sami als einzig anerkannter indigener Bevlkerungsgruppe. Der Beitrag untersucht Schwedens Bemhungen vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg, die Sami-Bevlkerung zu erfassen sowie die Grnde fr die Abkehr von diesem Vorhaben nach dem Krieg. Er analysiert, wie die Sami bestimmt und gezhlt wurden, wie die Konstruktion statistischer Kategorien vor sich ging, und wie sich diese Kategorien im Laufe der Zeit vernderten. Ziel des Aufsatzes ist es nicht, die objektive Verlsslichkeit demografischer Quellen zu bewerten. Vielmehr geht es darum, die historischen, sozialen und kulturellen Faktoren zu betrachten, welche die Position der staatlichen Verwaltung in Hinblick auf die statistische Konstruktioneiner indigenen Bevlkerung beeinflussten.

  • 4.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Continuity or change?: science and Sami during the 20th century2006Inngår i: Minority policies, culture & science: papers I from the conference the use and abuse of history in the Barents region, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology , 2006, 113-123 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Den svenska poliohistorien2009Inngår i: Allt du behöver veta om postpolio: en guide för dig som själv har haft polio eller arbetar inom vården / [ed] Lena Udd, Sundbyberg: Riksförbundet för trafik-, olycksfalls- och polioskadade (RTP) , 2009, 10-14 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    ‘Do not eat those apples; they’ve been on the ground!’: – polio epidemics and preventive measures, Sweden 1880s-1940s2009Inngår i: Asclepio. Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia, ISSN 0210-4466, Vol. 51, nr 1, 23-37 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses how Swedish scientists, physicians and public health officers tried to combat the polio epidemics in the pre-vaccine era. It shows that once polio was considered as an epidemic disease the preventive measures used were based on the hindrance of other infectious diseases. It also illustrates how epidemiological and laboratory studies to some degree affected the thoughts of how polio should be prevented, and that Swedish ideas and experiences differed fromthose put forward in the USA.

  • 7.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Från barnförlamade till polioskadade2004Inngår i: Befolkningshistoriska perspektiv: Festskrift till Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, 279-292 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Förutfattade meningar: urfolk i polioforskningen2009Inngår i: Thule: Kungl. Skytteanska samfundets årsbok / [ed] Jacobsson, Roger, Umeå: Två Förläggare , 2009, 53-62 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    ‘In the National Registry, all people are equal’: Sami in Swedish statistical sources2011Inngår i: Indigenous Peoples and Demography: The Complex Relation between Identity and Statistics / [ed] Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books , 2011, 1, 117-133 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Indigenous identity in Demography2007Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Kontinuitet eller förändring?: livsvetenskapernas undersökningar av befolkningen i Sápmi under andra hälften av 1900-talet2005Inngår i: Igår, idag, imorgon: samerna, politiken och vetenskapen, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2005, 63-77 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Kyrkan, folkbokföringen och samerna2016Inngår i: De historiska relationerna mellan Svenska kyrkan och samerna: en vetenskaplig antologi, bd 2 / [ed] Daniel Lindmark och Olle Sundström, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2016, 1, 915-942 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Patterns of Polio: Incidence and Mortality at the National Level in Sweden 1905-19602001Inngår i: Nordic Demography in History and Present-Day Society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2001, 309-326 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Polioepidemier och postpolio2012Inngår i: Utanförskapets historia: om funktionsnedsättning och funktionshinder / [ed] Kristina Engwall och Stig Larsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, 73-82 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Preconceived opinions: Iñupiat and Swedish Sami populations in polio research2012Inngår i: Rivers to cross: Sami land use and the human dimension / [ed] Peter Sköld & Krister Stoor, Umeå: Vaartoe, Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2012, 169-177 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Recension av David Thorséns avhandling Aidsepidemin I Sverige2013Inngår i: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    The Cutter Incident and the Development of a Swedish Polio Vaccine, 1952-19572012Inngår i: Dynamis. Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientarumque Historiam Illustrandam, ISSN 0211-9536, Vol. 32, nr 2, 311-328 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The creation of two different vaccines to eradicate polio stands out as one of modern science most important accomplishments. The current article examines Swedish polio vaccine research, the vaccination campaign and especially how the Cutter incident came to affect Swedish Science, scientists and society in the 1950s. Sweden is one of the few countries that came to produce its own inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) in the 1950s, a type of vaccine they never abandoned. This article highlights the sometimes conflicting approaches between medical science on one hand and media and public on the other. The Swedish researchers did not agree with Jonas Salk’s methods for producing a safe vaccine and had reserved attitudes when the Salk vaccine was announced, something that Swedish media disapproved of. After the Cutter incident media’s representation of Swedish polio scientists became far more positive. The article also shows the development and distribution of a Swedish IPV and that, contrary to some other countries, Sweden did not doubt all American manufacturers and imported Salk IPV for the first polio vaccination campaign.

  • 18.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Urfolkshälsa: utmanande  och svårfångad2015Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, nr 6, 726-735 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines Swedish health research regarding the Indigenous Sami people and the lack of epidemiological data. A historical overview underlines that Swedish research is hampered by Sami people having been the subject of studies by the National Institute of Racial Biology between 1920 and 1950. Public health research has mainly taken place during the last 20 years. There are no current epidemiological studies and this is linked to the fact that Swedish official statistics do not report on ethnic groups in the country. Ethnic statistics is a sensative issue and new ethical principles need to be worked out where the Sami, as constitutionally recognized indigenous people, are allowed to decide whether they want to be part of official statistics, and if so, what statistics would be relevant and how it should be collected.

  • 19.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Åldrande & livsvillkor: långsiktiga stöd till stark internationell forskningsmiljö vid Umeå Universitet2007Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Lantto, Patrik
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Wisselgren, Maria J.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Inledning2016Inngår i: Samiska Rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi / [ed] Per Axelsson, Elisabeth Engberg, Patrik Lantto & Maria J. Wisselgren, Solna: Sveriges släktforskarförbund , 2016, 5-7 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Engberg, ElisabethUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).Lantto, PatrikUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).Wisselgren, Maria J.Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Samiska rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi2016Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kukutai, Tahu
    Kippen, Rebecca
    Indigenous Wellbeing and Colonisation: Editorial2016Inngår i: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 10, nr 2, 7-18 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Kukutai, Tahu
    National Institute of Demographic and Economic Analysis, University of Waikato.
    Kippen, Rebecca
    School of Rural Health, Monash University, Bendigo, Australia.
    The field of Indigenous health and the role of colonisation and history2016Inngår i: Journal of Population Research, ISSN 1443-2447, Vol. 33, nr 1, 1-7 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The workshop leading to this special issue is part of an international, interdisciplinary project 'Indigenous health in transition' led by Per Axelsson, Tahu Kukutai and Rebecca Kippen. We thank the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation and the Swedish Research Council for funding this project; and Vaartoe/Centre for Sami Research at Umeå University, the Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities for providing additional support for the workshop. We also thank the workshop participants, article authors, article reviewers, and the Journal of Population Research.

  • 24.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Matos, Paulo
    Vos, Jelmer
    Introduction2017Inngår i: Anais de história de além‑mar, ISSN 0874‑9671, Vol. 15, 11-18 s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, PeterUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Ett land, ett folk: Sápmi i historia och nutid2005Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, PeterUmeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Indigenous peoples and demography: the complex relation between identity and statistics2013Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Indigenous populations and vulnerability.: Characterizing vulnerability in a Sami context2006Inngår i: Annales de Demographie Historique, Vol. 111, nr 1, 115-132 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Among the most vulnerable populations of today are the indigenous peoples. They share the experience of colonization with severe implications. Historically thousands of indigenous cultures have ceased to exist. The current article outlines and discusses the conditions from the past to the present that make an indigenous people like the Swedish Sami vulnerable. Until the early twentieth century the Sami were in some respects a demographically vulnerable population. Infants and child mortality were dramatically high, yet the fear of extinction that prevailed among Swedish scientists until the 1940s were never realistic. The Swedish Sami population of today is not living on the brink of extinction but there are still circumstances that are the result of historical events contributing to them being more vulnerable than the majority population of Sweden. The Sami has been reduced due to demographic, socio-economic, cultural and political interference. We argue that the Sami vulnerability of the past, present and future involves changes in statistics, language, traditional economy, religion, relocation/reservation, cultural diversity, educational system, and denial of the right to cultural and political self-determination. These factors all play important roles for the contextualization of indigenous vulnerability and should be considered when studying vulnerability among all indigenous populations.

  • 28.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Inledning2005Inngår i: Ett land, ett folk: Sápmi i historia och nutid, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2005, 7-12 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Introduction2011Inngår i: Indigenous Peoples and Demography: The Complex Relation of Identity and Statistics / [ed] Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books , 2011, 1, 1-14 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 30.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Samisk forskning – eftersatt och efterfrågad2006Inngår i: Tvärsnitt: Humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 1, 18-22 s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Anderson, David, G.
    University of Tromsö.
    Ziker, John
    Boise State University.
    Epilogue: From Indigenous Demographics to an Indigenous Demography2011Inngår i: Indigenous Peoples and Demography: The Complex Relation between Identity and Statistics / [ed] Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, Oxford: Berghahn books , 2011, 1, 295-308 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Lena, Karlsson
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Len, Smith
    Australian National University, Canberra.
    Indigenous infant mortality in Sweden: the key to the health transition2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sami of northern Scandinavia have experienced a positive health development that has brought them from a high-mortality situation two hundred years ago to their present-day low-mortality profile. Their experience is not shared by other indigenous peoples around the world. This study is concerned with infant mortality, a key issue in the health transition process. Long-term infant mortality trends are analyzed in order to compare Sami and non-Sami groups in the area. Data is obtained from the world-unique Northern Population Data Base at Umeå university, and consist of digitized 18th and 19th-century parish records. These complete life biographies include ethnic markers and enable longitudinal studies of causes of death, differences in sex, age-distribution, stillbirths and legitimacy status. The results are discussed from the perspective of the source quality, methodological considerations, the health transition generally in Sweden, and the overall Sami health transition

  • 33.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Tano, Sofia
    A Global Snapshot of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples' Health: Sweden: The Sami2016Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Teodoro de Matos, PauloSilveira e Sousa, Paulo
    The Demography of the Portuguese Empire: Sources, methods and results, 1776– 18222017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 35.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Wisselgren, Maria J.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Sweden in 1930 and the 1930 census2016Inngår i: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 21, nr 1, 61-86 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary goal of censuses has always been to collect reliable information on the state’s population and provide a basis for governmental decision-making. This study examines the categories used in the 1930 census and links them to the context in which they were generated. We treat the census as a tool of state power, which can be discerned from the definitions of its categories and the way in which statistics are collected and used. The guiding question of the study was “how does the 1930 census differ from previous censuses and how can these differences and changes be explained?” We find that as in earlier censuses, Statistics Sweden used extracts from the parish books on the individual level to collect information for the 1930 census, but also used diverse supplementary sources including tax registers, income tax returns and language surveys. Thus, unlike in most countries, Sweden did not send out census takers or questionnaires to the population. Many of the new or updated variables we see in the 1930 census such as income, wealth, and number of children born, can be related to the political and social debate concerning the poor working class and the establishment of the welfare state. The inclusion of categories such as ethnicity, religion, and foreign nationality can be seen as part of a normative approach wanting to control, monitor and correct deviant elements of the Swedish population. Sweden has several extraordinary longitudinal population databases built on the country’s excellent parish registers dating back to the 18th century. While the Swedish censuses have rarely been used as sources of data for historical analysis, this work demonstrates that the 1930 census has great potential to support new research.

  • 36. Bergkvist, Per Henrik
    et al.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Psykiatri.
    Kling, Sofia
    Silviken, Anne
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Stoor, Jon Petter
    Breaking the silence: suicide prevention through storytelling among indigenous Sami2016Inngår i: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, 56-56 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37. Broadbent, Noel D.
    et al.
    Lantto, Patrik
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Terms of engagement: An Arctic perspective on the narratives and politics of global climate change2009Inngår i: Anthropology and Climate Change: From Encounters to Actions, Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press , 2009, 341-355 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Edvinsson, SörenUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.Ericsson, TomUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.Sköld, PeterUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Befolkningshistoriska perspektiv: Festskrift till Lars-Göran Tedebrand2004Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Alternativa vägar till släkthistorien2016Inngår i: Samiska rötter: släktforska i svenska Sápmi / [ed] Per Axelsson, Elisabeth Engberg, Patrik Lantto & Maria J. Wisselgren; Sveriges släktforskarförbund; CEDAR - Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning; Vaartoe - Centrum för samisk forskning, Sveriges släktforskarförbund , 2016, 53-63 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 40.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Histories of reindeer husbandry resilience: land use and social networks of reindeer husbandry in Swedish Sápmi 1740-19202015Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Against a background of ongoing and predicted climatic and environmental change facing humans on a global level, this thesis combines historical perspectives with theories of social resilience in a study of reindeer husbandry in Swedish Sápmi, from the late 18th century to the early 20th century. The thesis includes four individual studies that examine the topic from different angles, connected together by reoccurring elements of social resilience. The first paper analyses the adaptive capacity of reindeer husbandry communities in the northernmost part of Swedish Sápmi during the 19th to early 20th century, using materials from the Sami bailiffs’ archives, governors’ reports and documentation from official committees. The second paper is based on similar materials and explores livelihood diversity of reindeer husbandry in southern and northern regions of Swedish Sápmi from 1860 to 1920. The third paper examines the social networks of reindeer husbandry and includes an analysis on how these are represented in demographic sources at the turn of the 20th century. The fourth and final paper examines taxation lands as objects of place-attachment in a south Sami reindeer husbandry context from 1740 to 1870.

    The thesis demonstrates that communities and families practiced highly flexible herding in terms of what pasture area they used, when and how they used it and with whom. In order to maintain this flexibility, communities needed authority to manage their own livelihoods and a diverse and interconnected landscape. The results further show that reindeer husbandry was a dynamic and diverse livelihood, well into the 20th century. Fishing, hunting, trapping or farming was part of many reindeer herding families’ livelihoods. By tethering aspects of diversity to norms and ideals within the communities included in the study, I argue that farming can be understood as both an enforced adaptation and as an adaptive capacity depending on the ideals within the community in question.

    The thesis supports the notions that reindeer husbandry since long has faced many challenges, including: border closings; competing land uses; disturbance from settlers; enforced regulations and laws concerning reindeer husbandry; and restrictions of livelihood diversity. Furthermore, these challenges were not only sources of disturbances in their own right, but they also restricted the adaptive capacity of reindeer herding communities.

  • 41.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Markanvändning i Vilhelmina norra sameby: Girijaure lappskatteland 1740–19192014Inngår i: Sydsamer - Landskap och historia: Ett dokumentationsprojekt på sydsamiskt område under åren 2012-2014 / [ed] Erik Norberg och Ulf Stefan Winka, Östersund: Gaaltje , 2014, 116-144 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Family matters: representation of Swedish Sámi households at the turn of the nineteenth century2013Inngår i: About the hearth: perspectives on the home, hearth, and household in the circumpolar north / [ed] David G. Anderson, Robert P. Wishart, Virginie Vaté, Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, 2013, 103-122 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 43.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Reindeer management during the colonization of Sami lands: a long-term perspective of vulnerability and adaptation strategies2011Inngår i: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 21, nr 3, 1095-1105 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Reindeer husbandry’s strong connection to the land, together with the ongoing climate-change debate, has generated growing interest in its socio-ecological resilience and vulnerability. The ability of indigenous societies and their activities to respond to change is widely recognized to be dependent on several factors, such as socioeconomic forces and aspects of governance, all of which have long historical backgrounds. However, although historians constantly address questions about human societies, there have been very few historical studies on their resilience, vulnerability and adaptation strategies. Here, using historical so­urces, we analyze the vulnerability of reindeer husbandry (and the Sami societies that depended on it) in Sweden during the 19th century. We demonstrate that although reindeer management was a much more diverse enterprise at that time than it is now, the major adaptation strategy and constraining forces were similar to those of today. The foremost adaptation strategy was, and still is, the flexible use of pasture area, and the clearest constraints during the 19th century were the loss of authority over the land and the imposed regulation of reindeer management – both of which were strongly connected to the process of colonization.    

  • 44.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Social organization of reindeer husbandry: representations of household and siida structures in demographic material at the turn of the 20th centuryManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 45.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Ledman, Anna-Lill
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Löf, Annette
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Össbo, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Rasbiologiskt språkbruk i statens rättsprocess mot sameby2015Inngår i: Dagens NyheterArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Statens hantering av forskningsresultat i rättsprocessen med Girjas sameby utgör ett hot mot Sverige som rättsstat och kunskapsnation. Åratal av svensk och internationell forskning underkänns och man använder ett språkbruk som skulle kunna vara hämtat från rasbiologins tid. Nu måste staten ta sitt ansvar och börja agera som en demokratisk rättsstat, skriver 59 forskare.

  • 46. Callaghan, Terry V.
    et al.
    Johansson, Margareta
    Brown, Ross D.
    Groisman, Pavel Ya
    Labba, Niklas
    Radionov, Vladimir
    Bradley, Raymond S.
    Blangy, Sylvie
    Bulygina, Olga N.
    Christensen, Torben R.
    Colman, Jonathan E.
    Essery, Richard L. H.
    Forbes, Bruce C.
    Forchhammer, Mads C.
    Golubev, Vladimir N.
    Honrath, Richard E.
    Juday, Glenn P.
    Meshcherskaya, Anna V.
    Phoenix, Gareth K.
    Pomeroy, John
    Rautio, Arja
    Robinson, David A.
    Schmidt, Niels M.
    Serreze, Mark C.
    Shevchenko, Vladimir P.
    Shiklomanov, Alexander I.
    Shmakin, Andrey B.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sturm, Matthew
    Woo, Ming-ko
    Wood, Eric F.
    Multiple effects of changes in arctic snow cover2011Inngår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 40, 32-45 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Snow cover plays a major role in the climate, hydrological and ecological systems of the Arctic and other regions through its influence on the surface energy balance (e.g. reflectivity), water balance (e.g. water storage and release), thermal regimes (e.g. insulation), vegetation and trace gas fluxes. Feedbacks to the climate system have global consequences. The livelihoods and well-being of Arctic residents and many services for the wider population depend on snow conditions so changes have important consequences. Already, changing snow conditions, particularly reduced summer soil moisture, winter thaw events and rain-on-snow conditions have negatively affected commercial forestry, reindeer herding, some wild animal populations and vegetation. Reductions in snow cover are also adversely impacting indigenous peoples' access to traditional foods with negative impacts on human health and well-being. However, there are likely to be some benefits from a changing Arctic snow regime such as more even run-off from melting snow that favours hydropower operations.

  • 47.
    Drugge, Anna-Lill
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Ethics in Indigenous Research: Past Experiences - Future Challenges2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethics in research related to Indigenous peoples has, over recent decades, been increasingly discussed in a global context. Decolonizing theories and methods have gained legitimacy and prestige, and Indigenous scholarship has challenged mainstream research by adding novel perspectives and critical standpoints that encourage researchers of all origins to reflect upon their own positions within the colonial academic and social structures in which they work. This development has taken different directions and occurred at different speeds depending on local, regional and national settings. In a Swedish Sami research context, we are now in a time when it is clear that things are moving and discussions on research ethics are taking place on a more regular basis. This publication is one example of that. In Sweden, it is the first one in English that addresses ethics in Sami and indigenous research and this will, hopefully, facilitate collaborations, comparisons and discussions on an international scale.

    The book is based on some of the contributions to the international workshop Ethics in Indigenous Research, Past Experiences – Future Challenges that was held in Umeå in March 2014. The workshop gathered together around fifty scholars from different parts of Sápmi and abroad, and aimed to move forward Indigenous research ethics in Sweden by highlighting and addressing research ethics related to the Sami and Indigenous research field. It is hoped that this book will serve as an inspiration, a critique, and an illustration of where discussions are heading in a Nordic, and more specifically, Swedish context. It is intended to function as a foundation for future ethical discussions at different levels, in national and international settings both within and outside academia.

  • 48.
    Drugge, Anna-Lill
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Forskningsetik och urfolksforskning2016Inngår i: De historiska relationerna mellan Svenska kyrkan och samerna: En vetenskaplig antologi / [ed] Daniel Lindmark & Olle Sundström, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2016, 191-218 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I försoningsarbetet mellan Svenska kyrkan och samerna aktualiseras hur etiska frågeställningar hanterats i såväl historisk som nutida kontext. Frågor som rör etiska ställningstaganden, dilemman och svårigheter i försoningsprocesser av olika slag kan också relateras till hur etikfrågor hanterats och utvecklats inom akademiska sammanhang. I föreliggande artikel tecknas en bild av hur etik i urfolksforskning vuxit fram inom såväl nationell som internationell vetenskaplig kontext. Genom att relatera nationell utveckling kring etik i samisk forskning till internationella förhållanden problematiseras hur etiska överväganden i forskning som rör urfolksfrågor påverkat och påverkar forskningens legitimitet och relationer mellan urfolk och majoritet. I studien granskas svensk etikprövningslagstiftning, där dess koppling till etiska riktlinjer i urfolksforskning utreds och problematiseras. Utifrån denna kartläggande analys diskuteras potentiella för- och nackdelar som påverkar möjligheterna att skapa ökat samiskt självbestämmande och jämlika maktrelationer mellan urfolk och majoritet.

  • 49.
    Drugge, Anna-Lill
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    How can we do it right?: ethical uncertainty in Swedish Sami research2016Inngår i: Journal of Academic Ethics, ISSN 1570-1727, E-ISSN 1572-8544Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research related to indigenous peoples in Sweden and elsewhere has a history marked by discriminatory practice and unequal research processes. Sweden has still not been very visible in terms of openly debating, developing and implementing ethical strategies specifically suited for indigenous research. The present study explores how research ethics is discussed among scholars within the Sami research field in contemporary Sweden. Fifty-six research proposals deriving from eight different research institutions and 160 individual researchers are analyzed, discovering how scholars relate to research ethics when planning for new research projects related to the indigenous Sami. The results demonstrate that ethical guidelines for research are often referred to, but that a common view on what guidelines to use is lacking, leading to a notable variety between different researchers. Ethical discussions are present in the vast majority of the proposals, however there are notable differences between the theories around how to proceed in a culturally safe, ethical manner, and the proposed methods that are to be used to implement theory in practice. In conclusion, there exists a great uncertainty among scholars on where to seek ethical guidance, how to relate to current legislation around research ethics and at the same time act ethically in a culturally appropriate manner. This uncertainty leads to questioning whether discussions of ethics are relevant in the first place, what they are supposed to include, how they are meant to be undertaken and what consequences can be expected from the presence or absence of ethics in indigenous research.

  • 50.
    Drugge, Anna-Lill
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Introduction2016Inngår i: Ethics in Indigenous Research: Past Experiences - Future Challenges / [ed] Anna-Lill Drugge, Umeå: Vaartoe - Centre for Sami Research , 2016, 1, 9-17 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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