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  • 1.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Wisselgren, Maria J.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Sweden in 1930 and the 1930 census2016Inngår i: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 21, nr 1, 61-86 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary goal of censuses has always been to collect reliable information on the state’s population and provide a basis for governmental decision-making. This study examines the categories used in the 1930 census and links them to the context in which they were generated. We treat the census as a tool of state power, which can be discerned from the definitions of its categories and the way in which statistics are collected and used. The guiding question of the study was “how does the 1930 census differ from previous censuses and how can these differences and changes be explained?” We find that as in earlier censuses, Statistics Sweden used extracts from the parish books on the individual level to collect information for the 1930 census, but also used diverse supplementary sources including tax registers, income tax returns and language surveys. Thus, unlike in most countries, Sweden did not send out census takers or questionnaires to the population. Many of the new or updated variables we see in the 1930 census such as income, wealth, and number of children born, can be related to the political and social debate concerning the poor working class and the establishment of the welfare state. The inclusion of categories such as ethnicity, religion, and foreign nationality can be seen as part of a normative approach wanting to control, monitor and correct deviant elements of the Swedish population. Sweden has several extraordinary longitudinal population databases built on the country’s excellent parish registers dating back to the 18th century. While the Swedish censuses have rarely been used as sources of data for historical analysis, this work demonstrates that the 1930 census has great potential to support new research.

  • 2. Bittles, Alan H
    et al.
    Egerbladh, Inez
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    The influence of past endogamy and consanguinity on genetics disorders in northern Sweden2005Inngår i: Annals of Human Genetics, nr 69, 1-10 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Event History Analysis and Historical Demography1993Inngår i: Health and Social Change: Disease, health and public carein the Sundsvall district 1750-1950 / [ed] Anders Brändström and Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1993, 15-24 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Cured or Killed?: Life-H istories for Nineteenth Century. Swedish Hospital Patients1993Inngår i: Health and Social Change: Disease, health and public carein the Sundsvall district 1750-1950 / [ed] Anders Brändström and Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1993, 25-54 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    From the past to the present: dramatic improvements in public health2000Inngår i: Public health and health care:  Themebook in: National atlas of Sweden / [ed] Gudrun Lindberg and Måns Rosén, Stockholm: SNA Publ. [Sveriges nationalatlas] , 2000, 22-44 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Från dåtid till nutid: dramatiska förbättringar i folkhälsan2000Inngår i: Folkhälsa och sjukvård: Temaband, Sveriges nationalatlas / [ed] Gudrun Lindberg och Måns Rosén, Stockholm: Sveriges Nationalatlas , 2000, 22-43 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Edvinsson, SörenUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.Ericsson, TomUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.Sköld, PeterUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Befolkningshistoriska perspektiv: Festskrift till Lars-Göran Tedebrand2004Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen.
    Rogers, John
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Clustering across generations: a comparative analysis of infant mortality in 19th century Sweden2007Inngår i: ESSHC Conference in Lisbon, 26 February-1 March, 2008, 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Many studies in the past have emphasized the positive correlation between infant mortality and fertility, but how this operates remain unclear. In this paper, we investigate these interdependent processes using data from the Demographic Data base at Ume{\aa} University. More specifically, we have data from regions in the northern part of Sweden, starting in the fifteenth century and ending around the year 1900. In an earlier paper, we have studied the intergenerational aspects of infant mortality and in this paper we incorporate fertility. We investigate the interaction between the two processes and how patterns are tranferred from generation to generation.

  • 9.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Rogers, John
    Historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Infant mortality in Sweden: creating regions from 19th century parish data2000Inngår i: Historical Methods, ISSN 0161-5440, E-ISSN 1940-1906, Vol. 33, nr 2, 105-114 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Demografiska databasen.
    Rogers, John
    Successful Families: How did families in Skellefteå during the nineteenth century avoid infant deaths?2006Inngår i: 31th Annual Meeting of the Social Science History Association: Minneapolis 2-5 November 2006, 2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Demografiska databasen.
    Rogers, John
    Who were the winners boys or girls?: A study of infant and child mortality in late nineteenth century Sweden.2006Inngår i: Sixth European Social Science History Conference: Amsterdam den 22-25 mars 2006, 2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Rogers, John
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen.
    High risk families: The unequal distribution of infant mortality in nineteenth century Sweden2005Inngår i: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 59, nr 3, 321-337 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Sundin, Jan
    Linköpings universitet.
    Infant mortality in a changing society: The effects of child care in a Swedish parish 1820-18941981Inngår i: Tradition and transition: Studies in microdemography and social change / [ed] Anders Brandström and Jan Sundin, Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 1981, 67-104 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Vikström, Pär
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Longitudinal databases - sources for analyzing the life course: Characteristics, difficulties and possibilities2006Inngår i: History and computing, ISSN 0957-0144, Vol. 14, nr 1 and 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Bygren, Lars Olov
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
    Kaati, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Longevity determined by parental ancestors' nutrition during their slow growth period2001Inngår i: Acta Biotheoretica, ISSN 0001-5342, E-ISSN 1572-8358, Vol. 49, nr 1, 53-59 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social circumstances often impinge on later generations in a socio-economic manner, giving children an uneven start in life. Overfeeding and overeating might not be an exception. The pathways might be complex but one direct mechanism could be genomic imprinting and loss of imprinting. An intergenerational "feedforward" control loop has been proposed, that links grandparental nutrition with the grandchild's growth. The mechanism has been speculated to be a specific response, e.g. to their nutritional state, directly modifying the setting of the gametic imprint on one or more genes. This study raises the question: Can overnutrition during a child's slow growth period trigger such direct mechanisms and partly determine mortality? Data were collected by following-up a cohort born in 1905 in Överkalix parish, northernmost Sweden. The probands were characterised by their parents' or grandparents' access to food during their own slow growth period. Availability of food in the area was defined by referring to historical data on harvests and food prices, records of local community meetings and general historical facts.If there was a surfeit of food in the environment when the paternal grandfather was a 9–12 year old boy a shortening of the proband survival could be demonstrated. The influence of parents', maternal grandparents' and paternal grandmothers' access to food during their slow growth period was discounted in a multivariable analysis. The results are indicative of very early programming mechanisms in human adaptation to the social environment.

  • 16.
    Bygren, Lars Olov
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Tinghög, Petter
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.
    Carstensen, John
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Kaati, Gunnar
    Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden .
    Pembrey, Marcus E.
    Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK.
    Sjöström, Michael
    Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Change in paternal grandmothers' early food supply influenced cardiovascular mortality of the female grandchildren2014Inngår i: BMC Genetics, ISSN 1471-2156, E-ISSN 1471-2156, Vol. 15, 12- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study investigated whether large fluctuations in food availability during grandparents' early development influenced grandchildren's cardiovascular mortality. We reported earlier that changes in availability of food - from good to poor or from poor to good - during intrauterine development was followed by a double risk of sudden death as an adult, and that mortality rate can be associated with ancestors' childhood availability of food. We have now studied transgenerational responses (TGR) to sharp differences of harvest between two consecutive years' for ancestors of 317 people in Overkalix, Sweden. Results: The confidence intervals were very wide but we found a striking TGR. There was no response in cardiovascular mortality in the grandchild from sharp changes of early exposure, experienced by three of the four grandparents (maternal grandparents and paternal grandfathers). If, however, the paternal grandmother up to puberty lived through a sharp change in food supply from one year to next, her sons' daughters had an excess risk for cardiovascular mortality (HR 2.69, 95% confidence interval 1.05-6.92). Selection or learning and imitation are unlikely explanations. X-linked epigenetic inheritance via spermatozoa seemed to be plausible, with the transmission, limited to being through the father, possibly explained by the sex differences in meiosis. Conclusion: The shock of change in food availability seems to give specific transgenerational responses.

  • 17.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Den osunda staden: sociala skillnader i dödlighet i 1800-talets Sundsvall1992Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the topic of social class and mortality. In particular, the analyses are concentrated on the question of how social differences developed in an era which was characterised by industrialisation, urbanisation and sanitary improvements. This work also discusses how the problems of social class and health were dealt with in the nineteenth Century. The development of medicai care and public health are especially studied. The development of mortality in different social classes is analysed on micro level in the town of Sundsvall during the 19th century, for which the parish registers for the period 1803-1894 have been transferred on to data. This town became the centre of an expansive saw mill area from the middle of the Century.

    In contrast to the view of contemporary witnesses, inequality seems to have been fairly small in some age groups, but the pattems diverged between them. Mortality among adults was largely dependent on cultural variables such as life style and attitudes, and social differences played a minor role. Men had much higher mortality than women. The development does not seem to have been primarily affected by industrialisation, urbanisation or sanitary improvements. For children 1-14 years old, on the other hand, conditions created by industrialisation and urbanisation seem to have been of the utmost importance. Child mortality increased from 1860, affecting first of all working class children. Overcrowding increased the spread of infectious diseases. Sanitary improvements may have had an effect on the mortality level from around 1880, but more definitely in the 1890's. The same is also the case regarding infant mortality. They may have had some impact on the initial decline in infant mortality, but the connection appears to be stronger in the 1890's. The social inequality in infant mortality was insignificant until late 19th centuiy, but increased at that time. Among infants, feeding practises were also of importance.

  • 18.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Recension av Robert W. Fogel, "The Escape from Hunger and Premature Death, 1700-2100"2006Inngår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 54, nr 3, 324-325 s.Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    The Demographic Data Base at Umeå University: A resource for historical studies2000Inngår i: Handbook of International Historical Microdata for Population Research / [ed] Patricia Kelly Hall, Robert McCaa, Gunnar Thorvaldsen, Minneapolis: Minnesota Population Center , 2000, 231-248 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Rogers, John
    Historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Illegitimacy, infant feeding practices and infant survival in Sweden, 1750-1950: A regional analysis2002Inngår i: Hygiea Internationalis, ISSN 1403-8668, E-ISSN 1404-4013, Vol. 3, nr 1, 13-52 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Karlsson, Johnny
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Recoding occupations in the Demographic Data Base into HISCO1998Inngår i: Historical International Standard Coding of Occupations: Status Quo after coding 500 frequent male occupations / [ed] Marco van Leeuwen, Ineke Maas and Andrew Miles, Berlin: Max Planck Institute , 1998, 137-167 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Egerbladh, Inez
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Demografiska databasen.
    Agrara bebyggelseprocesser: Utvecklingen i Norrbottens kustland fram till 1900-talet1987Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Egerbladh, Inez
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Bittles, AH
    Socioeconomic, demographic and legal influences on consanguinity and kinship in northern coastal Sweden 1780-18992011Inngår i: Journal of Biosocial Science, ISSN 0021-9320, E-ISSN 1469-7599, Vol. 43, nr 4, 413-435 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most studies on consanguinity have been conducted on contemporary populations and have focused on the prevalence and types of preferred intra-familial marriage. With its comprehensive birth, marriage and deaths records dating back to the late 17th century, and the legal bar on first cousin marriage removed in the mid-19th century, Sweden offers unique opportunities to examine the factors that determine by whom, where and why consanguineous marriages were contracted. The present study covers the period 1780-1899 and presents a detailed portrait of cousin and sibling exchange marriages in the Skelleftea region of northern coastal Sweden. The combined prevalence of first, second and third cousin marriage increased from 2.3% in 1790-1810 to 8.8% in 1880-1899, and multi-generation consanguinity also increased significantly over the study period. The distribution and prevalence of first cousin marriages was strikingly non-random, with a significantly greater propensity for consanguinity among land-owning families, especially involving first-born sons, within specific pedigrees, and in a number of more remote inland communities. Additional factors associated with a greater likelihood of consanguineous marriage included physical or mental disability among males, and among females the prior birth of an illegitimate child. Besides the inherent interest in the social and demographic structure of this region of northern Sweden during the course of the 19th century, in future studies it will be important to determine the degree to which the observed patterns of consanguineous and sibling exchange marriages in these past generations could have influenced present-day genetic structure.

  • 24.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för befolkningsstudier. Demografiska databasen.
    Att bli sin egen: Om relationen mellan stad och landsbygd i Skellefteå socken2003Inngår i: 90 år med Sankt Olovs församling, 2003, 18-26 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Boarded out by auction: poor children and their families in nineteenth-century northern Sweden2004Inngår i: Continuity and Change, ISSN 0268-4160, E-ISSN 1469-218X, Vol. 19, nr 3, 431-457 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Boarding out and fostering poor children was a favoured method of poor relief in many rural areas in northern Europe. This article discusses children who were boarded out to foster-parents by public auction in a rural parish in northern nineteenth-century Sweden. Poverty was the main reason why children were boarded out, frequently associated with loss of parents and difficulties in providing for a large household. It is suggested that the Swedish system of boarding out poor children must be understood in the context of a welfare system where cost efficiency was important. The auction method was used in spite of the risks involved because it was considered to be the best way to provide poor children with food, clothes, shelter and care, while keeping the compensation to the foster-parents at a reasonably low level.

  • 26.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    "Det är samhällssystemets fel": Norrskensflamman och utbrottet av Spanska sjukan i Arjeplog 19202012Inngår i: Människan, arbetet och historien: en vänbok till professor Tom Ericsson / [ed] Anders Brändström & Svante Norrhem, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2012, 9-28 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Flera nyanser av fattigdom: skattefattigdom och fattigvård i en norrländsk kontext 1830-18752004Inngår i: Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hatje, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, 139-153 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Life on the edge: rural poverty and vulnerability in XIXth century northern Sweden2006Inngår i: Annales de Démographie Historique, ISSN 0066-2062, Vol. 1, nr 111, 31-57 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the complex relationship between poverty and vulnerability in rural xixth century Sweden, from a regional as well as from an individual perspective. Using different definitions of poverty in fiscal sources and poor relief records the author shows that the experiences of vulnerability varied, on the individual and household level as well as on the community level. Far from all of those, that must be considered socially and economically vulnerable, were supported by poor relief. On the community level the differences can to a large extent be explained by socio-economic factors while the diversity on the individual level must be attributed to a number of different factors: structural as well as individual, demographic and cultural as well as social and economical. The results suggest, that to gain a fuller understanding of the determinants of vulnerability in a population, it is necessary to combine aggregate data with life-course studies and direct further attention to the importance of factors such as gender, culture and local policy.

  • 29.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Prästen som samhällsbyggare under 1800-talet2005Inngår i: Livsfrågor i Lappland.: Kyrkan och kolonisationen. Forskarsymposium i Vilhelmina 30 september-1 oktober 2004 / [ed] Nygren, Sigurd; Forsgren, Tuuli, Umeå: Johan Nordlander-sällskapet , 2005Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 30.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    The invisible pandemic: Community response to pandemic influenza in rural northern Sweden 1918-202009Inngår i: Varia Historia, ISSN ISSN 0104-8775, Vol. 25, nr 42, 429-456 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout human history, recurrent influenza pandemics have affected individuals and societies all over the world. Yet the social responses have varied with time and space. This article discusses society's response to the Spanish influenza of 1918-1920 in northern rural Sweden, focusing on measures taken by local communities to meet the advancing pandemic. In the five studied rural communities, the official response was sparse and reactive, and the presence of pandemic influenza is almost invisible in the municipal records. Potentially preventive measures, such as school closures and bans on public gatherings, were used inadequately and introduced far too late to be effective. The current struggle with wartime hardship, food crisis and a strained economy, an insufficient public health administration, a national preventive policy primarily aimed at the prevention of cholera, and the continued use of traditional methods to deal with crises in society are suggested as some explanations for local authorities' apparent inertia during the Spanish influenza.

  • 31.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Useful and industrious: child labour in 19th century rural Sweden2011Inngår i: Child labour’s global past 1650-2000 / [ed] Kristoffel Lieten, Elise van Nederveen Meerkerk, Bern: Peter Lang , 2011, 1, 331-342 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Garðarsdóttir, ӓlöf
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Saving the child: regional, cultural and social aspects of the infant mortality decline in Iceland, 1770-19202002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation deals with the infant mortality decline in Iceland during the 19th and early 20th Century. It shows that despite its low degree of urbanization, pre-transitional Iceland displayed higher infant mortality rates than most other European countries. Levels are only comparable with a few areas in Europe, all of whom were known for a tradition of artificial feeding of newborns. In the Icelandic case, infants were either not breastfed at all or were weaned at a very young age.

    Another characteristic of infant mortality in Iceland were huge fluctuations during epidemics. Because of the isolation of the country, several diseases that had become endemie in other societies, such as measles, became dangerous epidemics in Iceland and affected all age groups. After 1850 the effects of epidemics declined and 20 years later there was a steep decline in infant mortality. By the beginning of the 20th Century infant mortality in Iceland was lower than in most other societies.

    Although epidemics often had important temporary consequences upon infant mortality level in pretransitional Iceland, being breastfed or not was without doubt the most important determinant of infant survival. There were huge differences in infant mortality levels between areas where breastfeeding was common and those where newborns were artificially fed. Towards the turn of the 20th Century significant changes occurred. Even though there were still differences in infant mortality between those babies who were breastfed and those who were not, infant survival had improved greatly and survival chances of Icelandic newborns that were fed artificially became in an international perspective relatively good.

    Midwives played a central role in the infant mortality decline in Iceland. Growing secularization during the second part of the 19th Century improved educational opportunities for women and also changed the content of education. Improved educational opportunities were reflected in changes in the education of midwives. At the same time there was growth in the publication of books that directly dealt with the issue of infant health. The increase in the number of educated midwives was a factor of central importance. The interaction between midwives and a literate population was most likely the key to infant survival in the Nordic countries. This study shows that that the custom to breastfeed spread earlier in areas with higher literacy. Not only is it plausible that the interest in changing prevailing traditions was directly related to literaey levels of individuai mothers, it is also shown that midwives had the best education in areas where literacy rates were high. On the other hand, the remarkable improvements in infant survival obtained towards the end of the 19th Century were scarcely linked to changes in the economic structure. Those factors only started to play an important role in the 20th Century. In its initial stages, changes in infant feeding and improvements in personal hygiene were more important

  • 33.
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    The effect of the Rh negative disease on perinatal mortality: Evidence from Skellefteå 1840-19002010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Rh-negative gene is a well known cause of perinatalmortality especially before there were any effective treatment. The Rh disease, that is caused by a Rh positive foetus carried by a Rh negativemother, leads to typical patterns of perinatal mortality with an increaseof mortality with parity and mortality clustered in families. This effecthas been largely neglected in earlier papers trying to explain mortalitypatterns in historic data.

    Objectives: This paper highlights the role of this gene in causing these patterns and tries to quantify the effect in a society with a large group of Rh-negative persons and no access to treatment.

    Methods: The risks of the Rh disease is approximately known from the medical literature. Knowing family sizes and the approximate share of Rh negative genes the ”theoretical” patterns of perinatal mortality can becalculated and simulated. Comparing these figures with observed patterns of perinatal deaths the relative importance of Rh factor can be estimated.We have used data from 1840-1900 in the Swedish parish of Skellefteå where we have data on all births and their outcomes as well as good estimates of the Rh negative gene frequency.

    Results: The results show that the Rh gene is likely to have had an important role in perinatal mortality and the patterns with more dead at high parities and clustering explaining a relatively large part of these phenomenon in high Rh negative gene societies.

    Conclusions: The paper shows that the Rh-disease is an important fac-tor in understanding mortality patterns. Its great effect on the patterns makes it necessary to take it into account when analysing other factors that can affect perinatal mortality patterns.

  • 34.
    Inez, Egerbladh
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Agrara bebyggelseprocesser: Utvecklingen i Norrbottens kustland fram till 1900-talet1987Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Johansson, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Grip, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik. Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för medicinsk teknik och fysik (CMTF).
    Strong, Andrew
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Selling, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Rönnqvist, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Boraxbekk, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Häger, Charlotte
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Finger movement control and associated brain activity responses post-stroke2016Inngår i: XXI ISEK Congress, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND AIM: Impaired finger dexterity is common after stroke, often affecting activities of daily living. Knowledge of kinematic characteristics and of underlying neurological mechanisms of such impairments is important to understand functional recovery. This study aims to investigate finger movement control and related brain activity patterns post-stroke (PS). METHODS: Data from a subsample including 9 participants PS with residual hemiparesis affecting manual dexterity (M age- 66; 3 female) and 12 able-bodied control (C) participants (M age- 65; 3 female) were analyzed. Two series of self-paced cyclic finger extension-flexion movements in random order were performed for each hand (4 series with vision, V, and 4 without vision, NV). Optoelectronic cameras monitored the 3D movement of markers affixed to the fingertips. Motion data was used to calculate each finger's individuation index (II), reflecting movement independence, each finger's Stationarity index (SI), reflecting the ability to keep the finger still while another moves [1] and Movement frequency (MF). Functional magnetic resonance imaging, with simultaneous movement recording, was used to investigate brain activity patterns in relation to the kinematic parameters. II, SI, MF and the effect of vision were analyzed for the 4th digit. RESULTS: A factorial ANOVA 2 [group] x 2 [condition] x 2 [side] x [index type] showed an effect for group (p < .0001; PS < C); condition (p < .01; NV < V); side (p < .0001; affected/non-preferred < non-affected/preferred); and index type (p < .0001; SI < II). An interaction between group and side (p < .01) showed that indices of the affected side were lower compared to the non-affected side within the PS group and compared to both sides in the C group. No significant effects were apparent for MF but significant correlations were found between the indices and MF that were restricted to the PS group alone (over all conditions- r = -0.22; p < .01; within the NV condition- r = -0.19; p < .01; within the affected side r = -0.15; p < .05; and within the SI categorization r = -0.14; p < .05). Furthermore, within NV for the non-affected hand on the SI alone (r = -0.54; p < .05). All indicate that slower movements had higher indices. DISCUSSION: The associations between slower MF and higher index values within the PS group were located to conditions with increased difficulty (NV, affected side, and SI). Thus, reducing speed may be a selected strategy to increase control of finger movements PS when the demand on motor control is high. Further, with the applied calculation of finger movement independence we were able detect group differences, side differences within the PS group, and a positive effect of vision of the hands during performance. This indicates that this calculation is a sensitive measure that could be used to study the effects of stroke and to monitor progression in motor recovery. [1] Häger-Ross & Schieber, 2000, J Neurosci 20:8542-50

  • 36.
    Johansson, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Grip, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik.
    Strong, Andrew
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Selling, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Rönnqvist, Louise
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Boraxbekk, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Häger, Charlotte
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Three dimensional kinematic analyses of movement control of individual fingers post-stroke2015Inngår i: Gait & Posture, ISSN 0966-6362, E-ISSN 1879-2219, Vol. 42, nr Supplement 1, S33-S33 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research question: Objectives of the present study are: (1) to quantify finger movements in a 3D context and (2) by this method investigate the ability to perform individualized finger movements, with and without vision of the hands, in persons with a chronic stroke diagnosis compared to able-bodied controls.

    Introduction: Increased knowledge of how fine movement control is affected by stroke is important for the understanding of recovery of function. This is crucial for the development of reliable and valid assessment methods for evaluation of rehabilitation of the upper limbs. This study is part of the MOST project (MOST-MOvement control in STroke) where both clinical tests and 3D movement assessments are performed.

    Materials and methods: At present, 18 persons post-stroke (M age = 67 years; 6 women) and 26 able-bodied controls (M age = 62 years, 11 women) have participated. The ability to perform uni-manual individualized finger movements and the effect of vison of the hands were evaluated. Participants were instructed to move a specific finger in cyclic extension–flexion movements at the metacarpophalangeal joint, keeping the rest of the finger straight and the other fingers still, at a self-paced speed during 10 s (2 test series for each hand; 8 test series in total). The task was performed seated. The wrists were extended about 10° and fixated to a wooden frame with forearm support. Reflective markers were affixed to each fingertip and movements were recorded by optoelectronic cameras. Based on the positional change of the fingers during task performance, two indices ranging from 0-1 were calculated: (1) Individuation index (II) where the independence of each finger movement is shown and where 1 indicate complete independence, (2) stationary index (SI) where 1 indicate that the finger remains still when the other fingers move [1].

    Results: Our results show that it is possible to quantify individual finger movements by use of 3D movement analysis addressing the quality of movement performance in stroke survivors: all but 3 persons post-stroke were able to perform the task. Preliminary analyses (based on a subsample constituted of 8 post-stroke and 8 controls) verify that the test discriminated between groups where participants post-stroke had lower values on II and SI as compared to the control persons, the lowest values were observed for the middle and ring fingers. Ongoing analyses will show if vision influences the outcomes.

    Discussion: A set-up has been tested where individual finger movements can be quantified in 3D, and that discriminates between persons post stroke compared to controls. This advancement carries a promise for development of better assessment methods for recovery of function post-stroke.

    Reference

    [1] C. Häger-Ross, M.H. Schieber Quantifying the independence of human finger movements: comparisons of digits, hands and movement frequencies.J Neurosci, 20 (2000), pp. 8542–8550

     

     

  • 37.
    Karlsson, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Growing old: indigenous ageing in Gällivare 1777-18952012Inngår i: Rivers to cross: Sami land use and the human dimension / [ed] Peter Sköld & Krister Stoor, Umeå: Vaartoe, Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2012, 155-167 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Karlsson, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Indigenous life expectancy in Sweden 1850-1899: towards a long and healthy life?2013Inngår i: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 28, nr 16, 433-456 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research has shown that the health transition and demographical pattern of indigenous people has followed a different path compared to non-indigenous groups living in the same area with higher mortality rates and shortened life expectancy at birth.

    Objective: This paper draws attention to the development of life expectancy for the Sami and non-Sami during the colonization era (1850-1899). The paper will compare the development of life expectancy levels, infant mortality, and age-specific mortality between the Sami and the non-Sami population and analyze the main causes of death.

    Methods: The source material for this study is a set of data files from the Demographic Data Base (DDB) at Umeå University. Life tables and calculations of values of life expectancies are calculated using period data.

    Results: The analysis reveals that the life expectancy at birth was remarkably lower for the Sami during the entire period, corresponding to a high infant mortality. When comparing life expectancy at birth with life expectancy at age one, Sami still had a lower life expectancy during the entire period. The analysis also reveals a lower proportion of deaths due to infections among the younger Sami.

    Conclusions: The results paint a complex picture of the demographic transition in Sápmi. Neither the Sami nor the non-Sami population followed the same pattern of increased life expectancies at birth, as the Swedish population did in general. The negative consequences of colonization (high mortality, low life expectancy at birth) hit the Sami and non-Sami populations, but at different time periods.

  • 39.
    Karlsson, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Perceptions of Social Structure and Inequality2014Inngår i: Changing Society, Durham: BSA Publications Ltd , 2014, 303-303 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Asking people about how they perceive the structure of their society tells us how they visualize both inequality and the structure of the class system. Following the reference group theory and the concept of the ‘availability heuristic’, people tend to exaggerate the size of their own social group; where individuals who place themselves in the middle of the stratification system also view others as located in the middle. When taking individuals age into account the reference group theory has failed to give a sufficient explanation for the way individuals perceive their society (Karlsson, submitted article). A recent study reveals that age was the most important factor for perceiving Swedish society as highly equalitarian or elitist, after controlling for a wide array of factors like social class, class identity, subjective social placment and subjective social mobility (Ibid.). Results revealed that elderly individuals to a greater extent than others perceived society as elitist discussed as the elderly to a greater extent base their judgements of a societal order on life-course projection. In this paper the validity of the reference group theory will be further tested and compared among other western countries such as: Great Britain, USA and the other Scandinavian countries: Finland and Norway. The source material is derived from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) in 2009 (‘Social Inequality IV’) and the results will be analyzed using logistic regression analysis.

  • 40.
    Kotyrlo, Elena
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Labour Market Outcomes of Migrant Women in Västerbotten and Norrbotten2014Inngår i: Arctic Yearbook, ISSN 2298–2418, 1-17 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 41.
    Kotyrlo, Elena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Northern Investment Risks in Human Capital Formation: Russian Experience2014Inngår i: Sociology and Anthropology, ISSN 2331-6179 (print), 2331-6187 (online), Vol. 2, nr 3, 95-105 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, the northern Russian regions have been an object of a special socio-economic policy, united by extreme climate conditions, geographical isolation and rich natural resources reserves. Northern investment risks in human capital formation are proposed in the paper, as an indicator of investment conditions, which can be employed to improve policy of human development in the northern regions of Russia. Northern investment risks encompass uncertainties associated with extreme northern climate conditions, historically determined allocation of resources in the Russian northern regions and restrictions on labour mobility caused by geographic isolation and administrative rules. Investment risks in human capital, its measurement, methods of estimation are considered. Empirical estimation illustrates higher investment risks in the northern regions. Method of estimation can be employed widely to compare investment conditions in imperfect economies. Policy of insurance of private investment risks and current restrictions on it’s implementation in the northern regions of Russia are discussed.

  • 42. Kurbasic, Azra
    et al.
    Poveda, Alaitz
    Chen, Yan
    Ågren, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Enheten för biobanksforskning.
    Engberg, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Hu, Frank B
    Johansson, Ingegerd
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi.
    Barroso, Ines
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Hallmans, Göran
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Enheten för biobanksforskning. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Näringsforskning.
    Renström, Frida
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Enheten för biobanksforskning.
    Franks, Paul W
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Medicin. Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
    Gene-Lifestyle Interactions in Complex Diseases: Design and Description of the GLACIER and VIKING Studies2014Inngår i: Current nutrition reports, ISSN 2161-3311, Vol. 3, nr 4, 400-411 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most complex diseases have well-established genetic and non-genetic risk factors. In some instances, these risk factors are likely to interact, whereby their joint effects convey a level of risk that is either significantly more or less than the sum of these risks. Characterizing these gene-environment interactions may help elucidate the biology of complex diseases, as well as to guide strategies for their targeted prevention. In most cases, the detection of gene-environment interactions will require sample sizes in excess of those needed to detect the marginal effects of the genetic and environmental risk factors. Although many consortia have been formed, comprising multiple diverse cohorts to detect gene-environment interactions, few robust examples of such interactions have been discovered. This may be because combining data across studies, usually through meta-analysis of summary data from the contributing cohorts, is often a statistically inefficient approach for the detection of gene-environment interactions. Ideally, single, very large and well-genotyped prospective cohorts, with validated measures of environmental risk factor and disease outcomes should be used to study interactions. The presence of strong founder effects within those cohorts might further strengthen the capacity to detect novel genetic effects and gene-environment interactions. Access to accurate genealogical data would also aid in studying the diploid nature of the human genome, such as genomic imprinting (parent-of-origin effects). Here we describe two studies from northern Sweden (the GLACIER and VIKING studies) that fulfill these characteristics.

  • 43.
    Liliequist, Marianne
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Tanten: Vem är hon?2012Inngår i: Tanten, vem är hon?: En (t)antologi / [ed] Marianne Liliequist & Karin Lövgren, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2012, 11-21 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Liliequist, Marianne
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Lövgren, KarinUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Tanten, vem är hon?: En (t)antologi2012Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There are different discourses concerning women and ageing in the media and within the field of research about elderly people. In the public discourse elderly women are often associated with depression, poverty and weak health. The popular culture, with its worshipping attitude towards the young, has a great influence on the cultural conceptions of female ageing. At the same time new images of elderly women as desirable and attractive are presented in popular media. These images kan be understood as expressions for re-negotiations of what ageing means, but also as age-denying since it is the youtfullness among the elderly which is emphasised as something positive. Many researchers stress the importance of separating the public discourse on ageing, which is found in the media, from the women’s own experiences of ageing. Interview studies with elderly women have shown that women’s experiences of ageing can appear in a number of different ways depending on life context. This theme issue poses questions on ageing and femininity from a number of stand points by comparing the medial and public discourses with the women’s own experiences of ageing.

  • 45.
    Lindvall, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Larsson, Christel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Emmelin, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Weight maintenance as a tight rope walk: a grounded theory study2010Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 10, nr 51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are considerable public health problems internationally as well as in Sweden. The long-term results of obesity treatment are modest as reported by other studies. The importance of extending the focus to not only comprise obesity treatment but also prevention of weight gain is therefore being emphasized. However, despite the suggested change in focus there is still no consensus on how to prevent obesity or maintain weight. This study reports findings from a qualitative study focusing on attitudes, behaviors and strategies important for primary weight maintenance in a middle-aged population.

    METHODS: In depth interviews were conducted with 23 maintainers and four slight gainers in Sweden. The interviews were transcribed and an analysis of weight maintenance was performed using Grounded Theory.

    RESULTS: Based on the informants' stories, describing attitudes, behaviors and strategies of importance for primary weight maintenance, a model illustrating the main findings, was constructed. Weight maintenance was seen as "a tightrope walk" and four strategies of significance for this "tightrope walk" were described as "to rely on heritage", "to find the joy", "to find the routine" and "to be in control". Eleven "ideal types" were included in the model to illustrate different ways of relating to the main strategies. These "ideal types" described more specific attitudes and behaviors such as; eating food that is both tasteful and nutritious, and choosing exercise that provides joy. However, other somewhat contradictory behaviors were also found such as; only eating nutritious food regardless of taste, and being physically active to control stress and emotions.

    CONCLUSION: This study show great variety with regards to attitudes, strategies and behaviors important for weight maintenance, and considerations need to be taken before putting the model into practice. However, the results from this study can be used within primary health care by enhancing the understanding of how people differ in their relation to food and physical activity. It informs health personnel about the need to differentiate advices related to body weight, not only to different sub-groups of individuals aiming at losing weight but also to sub-groups of primary weight maintainers aiming at maintaining weight.

  • 46.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Care and Coercion: medical knowledge, social policy and patients with venereal disease in Sweden 1785-19031999Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the history of venereal diseases in Sweden in the period from 1785 to 1903. Medical and political perceptions of these diseases as well as the patients and their continued lives have been studied. Venereal diseases were considered a significant threat to the growth of the population throughout the period. They were recognised through the dramatic sores that they produced on the body of the patient, and were frequently cured with mercurial therapies. In the late nineteenth century, syphilis and gonorrhoea became the two most significant sexually transmitted diseases. They were believed to cause paralysis, mental illness, infant mortality and infertility.

    Sweden fought venereal diseases with a network of State-controlled health measures. County hospitals that contained special wards for patients diagnosed with venereal diseases were established in the late eighteenth century. These hospitals were financed by mandatory revenue after 1817. Medical care was mandatory and ministers, law officers and heads of households could inform the provincial physicians about the incidence of venereal disease. During the nineteenth century, the regulation of prostitution was enforced which implied that women were blamed for the spread of these diseases.

    Patients with venereal disease belonged to a cross section of contemporary Swedish society. Most of them were from the lower- or working-classes. They suffered higher age-specific mortality in the first half of the century, and high infant mortality throughout the period. It appears, however, that the constructed image of a patient with venereal disease had little impact upon their lives. Contemporary poverty and societal problems, such as unemployment and poor housing, probably played a larger part in their lives.

  • 47.
    Lundberg, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Demografiska databasen.
    Svensson, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för befolkningsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statistik.
    Restored to Society - The Recovering of Mentally Ill Patients in the Northern Parts of Sweden 1893-19022009Inngår i: Healthcare Systems and Medical Instiutions / [ed] Astri Andresen, Oslo: Novus AS , 2009Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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    Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Aagje Swinnen and John A. Stotesbury (eds.) (2012). Aging, Performance and Stardom: Doing Age on the Stage of Consumerist Culture. Berlin: LIT Verlag, 208 pp. ISBN 978 3 6439 0176 7 (paperback)2012Inngår i: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 7, nr 1, 5-8 s.Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
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    Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Att göra kvinnlighet och ålder i bloggosfären2016Inngår i: Att konstruera en kvinna: Berättelser om normer, flickor och tanter / [ed] Karin Lövgren, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2016, 115-144 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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    Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen.
    Att konstruera en kvinna: Berättelser om normer, flickor och tanter2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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