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  • 1.
    Aaro, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    En intuitiv & lättillgänglig flyktmask för gruvmiljö2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    I have always lived around mines and around people work­ing with mines. They are a natural part of my life and, inev­itably, a great interest of mine. When time came to make a decision for a degree project, focusing on the mine context felt as natural as breathing.

    In LKABs underground mines, safety in fire accidents is a great priority. Of outmost importance for the escape is to have a personal gas filter for filtration of smoke and/or gas. My design project resulted in a concept which is aimed at shortening the user journey from the start of the accident until the user has applied the personal safety solution and is ready to escape.

    Throughout the project I’ve been working with a context which is heavily regulated, and all problems are serious, important ones. I have been striving towards keeping a high level of innovation during the process, whatever the result in the end might be. I’ve been heavily relying on scenarios/workflows, product testing, observation, and I’ve had the great joy to be able to take part of LKABs accident reports.

    The concept can be divided into three parts, but it is the way these collaborate that makes out the main part of the concept.

    1: An escape station, providing a standardized placement of escape hoods.

    2: A container for the vacuum sealed escape hood.

    3: An escape hood which enables a personalized fit for the user.

    Interactive surfaces are color coded with the goal to provide an intuitive workflow. When the container is opened, the vacuum seal is immediately broken and the user gains access to two handles, one white and one red. The handles are used to lift and apply the escape hood, and the red handle is then used, by pulling, to tighten the throat fit.

    Combined, these solutions help the user applying her escape hood in shorter time, and a large head size, glasses, beard and a thick neck are no longer problematic for the applica­tion

     

  • 2.
    Akoglu, Canan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    The relationship between industrial design and interaction design in product development activities2012Inngår i: Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI) International Conference, Austin, TX, USA, May 5-10, 2012 (on DVD), Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Akoglu, Canan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Er, Alpay
    Istanbul Technical University.
    The role of interaction design in information and communication technologies embedded product development activities2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Akoglu, Canan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Valtonen, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Yours or mine?: Role sharing between industrial design and interaction design2012Inngår i: Design Research Society (DRS) International Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, July 1-5, 2012, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Aytekin, Cenk
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Living an Active Life with Asthma2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In 2019 a striking 400 million people worldwide will be living with asthma. Environment, genetics and lifestyle are all factors that are assumed to cause this chronic disease. The current treatment of asthma is focused on medication, and wellness through exercise is not promoted. The benefits of an active lifestyle for asthmatics are many and include a reduced medication dose, increased tolerance to triggers and less asthma symptoms. Regular exercise can therefore dramatically decrease the effects of asthma and the mental and physical limitations that may follow. However, many asthmatics experience difficulties maintaining an active lifestyle due to the fear of having an exercise-induced asthma attack. There is also reluctance to the necessary intake of the high dosage of preventive medication.

  • 6.
    Beaton, Stephen
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Verktyg för utveckling av terrängparker inom skidanläggningar.: Shaper2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Today we can create digital 3D models which can be realised almost instantly through production methods such as 3D printing and computer controlled milling.

    What if this same technology could be applied to the development and construction of terrain parks?

    With snow as the material tools could be developed using similar principles to design and sculpt the surface, only on a larger scale.

    How would terrain park designers adapt their process to use this new technology? In this Industrial design thesis I explore how the ideas of the terrain park designer can be expressed through such a system with focus on the designers knowledge and skill without the need to learn complicated 3D programs.

    Sketch, create, ride. 

  • 7.
    Bergbom, Joakim
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    HOME DIALYSIS: HOW COULD THE DIALYSIS TREATMENT BE OPTIMIZED IN ORDER TO MINIMIZE THE AFFECT TO THE PATIENTS LIVES?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    2006 my mother had to start her dialysis treatment due to renal failure caused by a congenital defect on her kidneys. With this mandatory readjustment to her life she accepted all changes that were made. 

    Patients with renal failure (when the kidneys fail to adequately filter the blood from waste) are increasing all over the world and 2020 it is calculated to exceed 3.8 million. The cause for renal failure could be one of many, but it is often seen as an outcome of heavy dehydration, severe infection or long-term diabetes which could explain the increasing number of patients.

    The most common treatment for renal failure is hemo dialysis. This treatment is an effective way to clean the blood outside the body in an artificial kidney connected to the patient by a hemo dialysis machine. The patients are spending 6-7 hours 4 days a week at hospitals to clean their blood which is comparable with an 80% employment. By adapting the hemo dialysis to where the patient live, I want to show that there are better ways to effectively treat patients.

  • 8.
    Bui, Lynn
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    10/60: Make Gravity Visible: A social movement to challenge our society to move more.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Gravity plays a vital role in our everyday lives. It provides the development of our muscle mass which fuels our brain’s advancement and our ability to complete daily tasks. Yet we often take for granted the things we do not see. From hunting and gathering, chasing after prey, migrating from one place to the next, to growing and harvesting crops to long hours laboring away, we have felt gravity through millions of years in time. 

    Along with the rise of technology, we are witnessing the fall of our physical selves. Our lives have become busier, more stressful and our days behind a screen much longer. Within the past 30 years, gravity has been intercepted by the chair and the ratio of moving to sitting has been reversed. Instead of feeling this force within our legs and lower limbs, it has now been deferred to our fingers, buttocks and backs. 

    We spend the bulk of our days in a seated position, often behind a screen. Sitting has become such a norm that daily exercise at the gym is no longer enough to offset all the negative things done to our bodies in a sedentary posture. 

    We were programmed to move, but we’ve hacked our brains to think otherwise. Prolonged sitting is a serious issue that should not be overlooked. The challenge is to change a habit that we’ve acquired from an early age. 

    The numbers are staggering, over 1.5 billion people worldwide are obese.(WHO. int, 2013) 5.3 million die each year from heart related diseases and diabetes as indirect result of the chair, .3 million more than smoking. (Thelancet.com, 2012) 

    It is time to break the norm, adjust our perceptions, expectations and stop living in extremes and move towards moderation. It’s time to stand up and make gravity visible. 

    10/60: Make Gravity Visible is a social movement to challenge our society to move more, reminding people to be up and moving 10 minutes for every 60 minutes. 

    The goal is to challenge society to integrate movement within the home, work and societal environments through the support and influence of communal behaviour. 

    10/60 is facilitated by a website and a smartphone application. The website provides ideas shared by the community to help inspire movement into people’s lives. The app tracks a person’s daily physical activity levels and sends a reminder when he/she has been sitting for too long. How much a person moves is reflected by an avatar’s physical state as well as graphical data by the time of day. Challenges can be submitted within the inner circle of friends to encourage more movement. 

    The initial strategy around this topic was through the intersections of four subjects: human evolution, philosophy, behavioral psychology, and physiology. This concept was developed based on findings from foundational research, expert interviews, user tests, experiments and behavioral observations - in particular social influences and the underlying principle that motivation is different for everyone. 

    Awareness alone does not generate action. Motivating people to move more is beyond an individual problem - sitting is a societal and cultural issue and unless that is addressed, no long term changes can be sustained. 

    This project aims to inspire people to leverage their communities and integrate more physical activity in the home, work and societal environments. 

    Societal and cultural norms will not change unless we change together. 

  • 9.
    Carneiro, Camila
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    ACCESSIBILITY FOR ILLITERATES IN THE CURRENT BRAZILIAN SOCIETY: INTRODUCING FUNCTIONAL ILLITERATES TO MOBILE BANKING SERVICE2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this project is to approximate the functional illiterates population to the society within the Brazilian banking service in a more accessible way: through their personal mobile phones. It aims to enhance the social integration of the illiterate people by experiencing this service developed through a process focusing on their feedback, wishes and expectations augmented with the designer’s background.The mobile phone it is quite accessible in developing countries, like Brazil, and counts on technology that enhances the user's interaction; the banking service is a facilitator concerning the economic life of any citizen. Both aspects were the starting point of this project due their importance in the everyday life and relevance for a person’s autonomy.My personal goal is also to use this project to alert the society about the issues regarding the social life of an illiterate – their difficulties and fears towards daily situations – through a consistent project that can be used as a reference to develop products and services towards this group of potential users.

  • 10.
    Chintanamanus, Soramist
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    The sync: Creative Community for Social Innovation2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Many people dream of making a change to our society. But most of the time, they are struggling to turn their dream into reality. Passion alone won’t bring change. There are many difficulties that people have to face when it comes to creating innovation, especially social innovation.

    Within this project, my goal is to create a community for social innovation in Thailand focused on integrating design (as a process) into the core culture of its community. I want people to understand better the importance of design, and adopt it as a tool for their creation, as I believe it will help them to succeed in whatever they do, in a more sustainable manner.

    Together with my collaborator ChangeFusion, a social business incubator, we have created The sync, a social enterprise with a mission to build a creative community that foster social innovation in Thailand.

  • 11.
    Ciobanu, Alexandra
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Lotus Firefly: The art of defeating gravity2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    How many times have you been dreaming as a child that you run and after a few steps your body detaches off the ground and floats into the air? Most of the leisure activities we cultivate today have deep roots into humankind`s history and are still confined to land. The history of hovering has been inspired by the great comic books sci-fi stories and was illustrated through Star Wars flying vehicles, which have been later translated into jetpacks and hovering bikes. What if you would be stuck somewhere in the middle way between dream and reality? What if this vehicle would be at first available to you in a virtual platform, so that you could train to fly it, and when you would master the art or flying it, you could try the real experience?

  • 12.
    Cook, Harry Clayton
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Tactile Semantics: Browsing the Internet Blind2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This research project is focused on understanding the current needs of blind users in the context of browsing on the internet. The research methods used have an inclusive design approach. The outcome was intended for both for the blind and normally sighted. 

    At the broadest level, this project is about reducing cognitive effort in human to computer interaction. At the next level it is about browsing the internet. Everyone using a computer and surfing the web at some point goes through the mental task of comparing between alternative choices.

    Examining today’s obstacles for the blind, what aspects of the experience could we improve? Could we design a better cognitive browsing experience for all users focusing on nonvisual aspects of the user experience? What would it look like, how would it behave and what characteristics would it carry? 

    The Semantic Scroller is a concept that could be implemented today but actually presupposes the use of some new HTML specifications specifically the adoption of “open” semantic tags. Unlike existing semantic tags like <nav> and <article> which are too context specific, an open framework would enable coders include contextual semantic descriptions where ever necessary. 

  • 13.
    Davoli, Lorenzo
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Kuenen, Christoffel
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    New participative tools require new foundations2013Inngår i: 10th European Academy of Design Conference - Crafting the Future Göteborg April 17th - 19th, 2013 / [ed] EAD, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The radical changes of our environment under the influence of information technology require an adaptive approach between programmers and designers to enable lay participation and interaction with it. Satin is an application builder for mobile devices that enables end-users without programming skills to create and share their own apps (http://www.satinproject.eu/). Using shortcomings discovered in its design and development as a basis, we use the foundational principles and process behind the design of the Satin interface to illustrate that apart from following user centered design, designers also need to consider the constraints and influences of the design space they operate within. When designing a product, the systems and paradigms within which designers act, in this case information infrastructure and work practices, inevitably affect the solution space in which the final designs and products will be searched for. This often results in a limited impact or intelligibility of the initial goals. The design of innovative, collaborative user centered solutions requires designers to work not only on the final product, but also to challenge and evolve the foundations and underlying infrastructures that determine the possibilities of that specific design space. We conclude the paper by emphasizing the need for development of ways of working on the design of interactive systems that are informed by a holistic stance based on day-to-day experience and behavior as a guiding principle for technological development.

  • 14.
    Dijk, van, Jelle
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology.
    Moussette, Camille
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Kuenen, Christoffel
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Hummels, Caroline
    Eindhoven University of Technology.
    Radical Calshes: What Tangible Interaction is Made of2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded and Embodied Interaction - TEI '13, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013, 323-326 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Driven by a critique of Ishii et al’s recent vision of Radical Atoms we call for a debate on the different conceptual paradigms underlying the TEI community and its activities. TEI was initiated to share and connect different perspectives, but we feel conceptual debate is lacking. To fuel this debate, we start with comparing two paradigms by examining the Radical Atoms proposal and balance it from our design-led perspective. Our aim with this paper is to revive the richness of TEI’s multidisciplinary approach.

  • 15.
    DiSalvo, Carl
    et al.
    Georgia Institute of Technology.
    Redström, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Watson, Matt
    University of Sheffield.
    Commentaries on the special issue on practice-oriented approaches to sustainable HCI2013Inngår i: ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, ISSN 1073-0516, Vol. 20, nr 4, 26- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Feuš, Miha
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    The Haptic Drive: Haptic feedback for car interfaces2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With the use of touch-screen enabled interfaces, came a new era for in-car interactions. Sadly, no technology comes without drawbacks, in this case the demand of visual attention, which is desperately needed to operate the vehicle in a safe manner. The main motivation for this project is finding a way to bring the sense of touch back to interfaces while retaining the flexibility that touch-screens have introduced.

    The collaborating partner for this project was Icon Incar, who also supported it in many ways. The research phase of this project has been carried out at the company HQ in Berlin. This included feedback sessions at the company, reading research papers on haptics and automotive interfaces, talking to experts in the field of haptics and the facilitation of a workshop. The research helped to confirm the initial problem statement and helped to form ideas in the ideation stage, of which there were many.

    Those ideas were a mixture of technologies and sensing abilities that went far beyond the initial problem statement in order keep a brother scope. There were many feedback session, with different people, which were necessary to weed out the bad ideas and keep the viable ones for testing. While building and testing the first prototypes, there was simultaneously a quest going on to find a solution for fully actuated and shape shifting displays, something that has not been done before. While coming up with dozens of possible technical solutions, the fact was overlooked that none of them would provide a good experience (except some far fetched futuristic granular systems). As it turns out, actuating the display itself would not cause any problems, but manipulating the actuation would, because it would not give the best experience. Manipulating actuated button would work and feel just fine, but sliders and knobs - whenever the finger has to move over a surface - would feel unnatural. After more analysis, I found that there is not one technology yet, that could stimulate all the different properties a human being can feel with the sense of touch. Therefor, there have to be many technologies working together to provide the best possible experience.

    More than a dozen haptic prototypes have been built and tested to help the users perform various tasks blindly. Those ranged from controlling the climate, scrolling throughout lists, identifying functions and getting feedback for selected options. Many of the ideas did not work out as expected and were discontinued after the haptic testing, which was a vital part of the process. The working ideas were then combined into a larger concept.

    To simplify the interface even more, a general list of features was thoroughly studied so that functions could be simplified, combined or discarded. Drivers and car dealers have been interviewed to understand what the most commonly used functions are.

    The analysis of existing interfaces has shown that there is currently only one function and type of information provided at any time. This means that the driver can not see directions while changing the music, for example. The concept layout will, therefore, provide information about all the basic functions (climate control, navigation, music and phone) where one function shows all information and others only the basics. To avoid visual clutter and ensure quick recognition, graphic elements have been distilled to their essential forms while still retaining a sense of visual pleasure.

    To identify, differentiate between and set climate control, the knob for heating would change its temperature, the ventilation knob blow air at the set speed and the air flow direction knob would tilt in the set direction. While the volume knob would react to the beat of the music. With the help of microfluidics, active buttons would pop out of the screen and can be identified by their shapes. When activating those shape shifting buttons, the driver would feel feedback, similar to the one of real buttons, provided by an actuator at the back of the display.

    The combination of all listed solutions would provide simpler interactions and help the drivers to keep their focus on the road. This would in turn make driving a better and safer experience.

  • 17.
    Fredriksson, Simon
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Ventum: Freedom of movement for children receiving respiratory treatment2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This report is showing the process and result from a project collaboration between Norrlands University hospital and  design student Simon Fredriksson. 

    Respiratory treatment is carried out on patients that for some reason fail to breathe sufficiently to assimilate enough oxygen to survive. The reason for why a person needs respiratory treatment can be many and the length of the treatment varies a lot. It can stretch from a couple of hours during surgery to years in treatment for example Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or Immature lungs. 

    The project focus have been to look at how to increase the freedom of movement for kids receiving respiratory treatment. Respiratory treatment are complex and involves advanced equipment. It´s demanding both physically and mentally both for patient and involved family and can in some cases carry on for several years.    A young child with impaired breathing should still have the freedom of movement and not have to be restricted to the length of a respirator hose and depend on others to be able to move around. Learning how to crawl walk and freely move around should be every childs right. The quote are from  the National heart, lung and blood institute in America. My aim is to create a concept that will offer that movement and prove them wrong.

    This project is carried out in collaboration with the Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Norrlands University hospital in Umeå.

  • 18.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik.
    Andersson, Niklas
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Designhögskolan.
    Johansson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Designhögskolan.
    Come Together, Right Now, Over Me: Conceptual and Tangible Design of Pleasurable Dupliances for Children2001Inngår i: Proceedings of the International Conference on Affective Human Factors Design, CAHD 2001, London: Asean Academic Press , 2001Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik.
    Andersson, Niklas
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Designhögskolan.
    Johansson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Designhögskolan.
    Dupliances: Physical and Virtual Activity Encompassed2001Inngår i: Proceedings of CHI 2001: Human Factors in Computing Systems, Extended Abstracts, New york: ACM Press , 2001Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Bogren, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Henje, Catharina
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Attract, inform, and interact: Working with product semantics in an inclusive design project2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Bogren, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Henje, Catharina
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    User-centered inclusive design: Making public transport accessible2009Inngår i: Include 2009, International Conference on Inclusive Design, Royal College of Art, London, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a commissioned, user-centered inclusive design case study where an exceptionally heterogeneous group of users have been involved in all phases. With the overall aim of seeking to make public transport more accessible, this project has specifically focused on information issues relating to train stations. The objective has been to design and implement a fully functional prototype of an information terminal that can provide accessible information to as wide a group of users as possible. To fulfill this goal, we have taken a user-centered path, working with two groups of users. First, a heterogeneous group of users took active part in the early phases of the project, allowing us to quickly assess new design ideas and mock-up prototypes; provide entirely new design ideas in a participatory manner; as well as help us abandon some of our own preconceptions. A second, similarly heterogeneous user group, more formally tested and evaluated a finalized prototype of the system in situ at a real train station, in real time, and using real train information. Following the results of this evaluation, we have proposed a number of improvements to the system.

  • 22.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik. Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Designhögskolan.
    Lund, Andreas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik.
    Wiberg, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik.
    Inside-Out Interaction: An Interaction Technique for Dealing with Large Interface Surfaces such as Web Pages on Small Screen Displays2004Inngår i: International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques: ACM SIGGRAPH 2004 Sketches, 2004, 1- s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik. Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Designhögskolan.
    Lund, Andreas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik.
    Wiberg, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik.
    ScrollPad: Tangible Scrolling with Mobile Devices2004Inngår i: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'04), 2004, 6- s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we approach the problem of managing large visual sets of data on small mobile devices. While current approaches either focuses on 1) scrolling on the mobile device, or 2) reducing the content in various ways (e.g. zooming, automatic redesign depending on the screen size of a mobile device, etc) our approach is to scroll with the mobile device itself (i.e. object in the world scrolling) over a large virtual area. We present the background for this project and working prototype called Scrollpad developed to illustrate this concept. We then present an initial user study conducted and relate this project to similar efforts made before concluding the paper.

  • 24.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Interactive Institute.
    Moussette, Camille
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Sketching with Stop Motion Animation2011Annet (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Informatik.
    Regan, Alistar
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Designhögskolan.
    Stott, Mike
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet, Designhögskolan.
    Design Brief, Special Section on Interface Design2002Inngår i: interactions, ISSN 1072-5520, Vol. IX, nr 2Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Fällman, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Waterworth, John
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Capturing user experiences of mobile information technology with the repertory grid technique2010Inngår i: Human Technology, ISSN 1795-6889, Vol. 6, nr 2, 250-268 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe the application of the repertory grid technique (RGT) as a tool for capturing the user experience of technological artifacts. In noting the artificiality of assessing the emotional impact of interactive artifacts in isolation from cognitive judgments, we argue that HCI techniques must provide practical solutions regarding how to assess the holistic meaning of users’ interactive experiences. RGT is a candidate for this role. This paper takes the reader step by step through setting up, conducting, and analyzing a RGT study. RGT is a technique on the border between qualitative and quantitative research, unique in that it respects the wholeness of cognition and does not separate the intellectual from the emotional aspects of the user experience. Compared to existing methods in HCI, RGT has the advantage of treating experiences holistically, while also providing a degree of quantitative precision and generalizability in their capture.

  • 27.
    Galitsky, Joshua
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Paving the Mega Cities: Dynapac Red Carpet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    While the design and the technology behind the vehicles we drive has gone a long way, the main principle in which we construct our roads today, the materials and the machinery we use to do it has hardly changed for the last 40 years.This project takes  a fresh look at an industry that has remained stagnant for several decades. Looking into a future in which large Mega-Cities will develop, the aim of this project will be to develop a new solution for constructing and maintaining the transport arteries in those cities. This project was performed in collaboration with Dynapac, a leading manufacturer of road construction equipment, with supporting feedback from NCC roads, the Scandinavian road construction group.

  • 28.
    Grummas, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Airborn: child safety in aviation2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The regulations of flying with infants are divided in two distinctly different fields. Either the infant have to ware a loop-belt attached to the parents lap belt. Or it is forbidden to use a lap belt and the infant is in this case unrestrained.

    None of these travelling methods are safe for the infant. The parent also has the option of using their own car seat if it is approved for airlines. This method is seldom used since the parent needs to pay for an extra seat for the infant and the hassle of bringing a seat on board that rearly fit the eairline seat.

    This project proposes a solution that increases the comfort and safety for both parent and child by; placing the infant in a safer position, protect the infant from impact with low-tech aircushions, securing the infants head at impact and during emergency evacuations and by providing a safe and easy to use alternative to the lifejacket.

    The final concept allows for tree different areas of use: 

    -On the bulkhead wall, the seat is lowered in the unlikely event of an emergency to clear the adults crash zone and protect the infant from the adult and flying objects.

    -In the lap of the adult passenger, resting on the armrest (in this case the infant and the seat is attached to the adults belt). The lifejacket is inflated before impact and acts as an impact distributor over the infant’s body. This allows for more seats since the bulkhead seats are very limited. 

    -Placed on its own passenger seat (the parents will have to purchase an extra seat) and be working as the care harness but suitable for infants.

    These tree solutions covers most users different needs and is an improvement of the safety for small children in commercial aircrafts.

  • 29.
    Grönskog, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Nonvisual Society2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The exclusion of visually impaired from the information flow presented to us through signs was what led me into this project. With a growing amount of information being presented to us on signs and digital information surface the need of communicating this information in a way that could be read by visually impaired is evident. Looking into different ways of communication, my goal was to create something that filled the need of the visually impaired without branding them as disabled.

     Having a close relative with bad eyesight is became evident on how much it limited her in her everyday life, not being able to navigate herself without the support of her husband. Through interviews with her and others with varying diagnoses I reached an insight in their situation. To my surprise they still favored a visual form of communication before an auditory or tactile form, because it’s easy to survey and quick to interpret. Through an iterative process of prototyping and close discussions with the users I reached the conclusion that a head-mounted device would simplify the usage and, with the latest developments in component size, also manifest into something that didn´t run the risk of discriminating the users.

     This resulted in a pair of glasses with in-built electronics and displays. Through cameras mounted on the frames, the visual information is transferred to a CPU in the left temple arm that analyses and enhances the image with software designed for your specific diagnosis. When you feel the need to enhance your vision, you use the controls on top of the temple arms to control the software´s output which is displayed in transparent OLED-displays glued on to the lenses. If the enhanced image isn´t enough, you also have the possibility to let the software use text-to-speech and read the information through built in speakers directed towards the ears. The glasses could easily be dismounted with USB-connectors at the joints which aids the installment of the software, service and customization of the device and in particular the charging of the battery, which is located in the right temple arm. The battery is then charged in a designated compartment of the spectacle box.

  • 30.
    Göransdotter, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    A Home for Modern Life: Educating Taste in 1940s Sweden2012Inngår i: Conference Proceedings: Volume 2. Design Research Society 2012: Bangkok: Research: Uncertainty Contradiction Value / [ed] Praima Israesena, Juthamas Tangsantikul, David Durling, Bangkok: Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University , 2012, 526-541 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Göransdotter, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Mer design - bättre samhälle?: Designåret 2005 och debatten som inte blev av2006Inngår i: Namu: Designåret 2005 / [ed] Lena Holger, Jan Norrman, Ted Hesselbom, Stockholm: Nationalmuseum , 2006Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Göransdotter, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Erhardsson, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Universitetspedagogiskt centrum (UPC).
    Från intern till exter på tre dagar: Erfarenheter från externa lärares pedagogiska kompetensutveckling2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Göransdotter, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Erhardsson, Margareta
    Umeå universitet.
    Lindh-Karlsson, Monica
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Fötterna i marken och blicken mot skyn: Strategier för samverkan med näringsliv och samhälle i utbildningar2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Haciömeroglu, Ömer
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    ERO-Concrete Deconstruction Robot2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The world is changing. Big cities are attracting more and more population, millions every day and growing. Who among the megacity dwellers would want to wake up in the morning staring at a construction demolition site, dusty, rusty and noisy? The increasing need for an improved infrastructure within the mega cities evokes a big industry of building replacements. The complex combination of building materials and methods is making the de-construction and recycling the demolition waste material very difficult. Today's methods are very complex, time consuming and the end use of the by-products are very limited. Moreover all of these methods are further limited by governmental regulations and laws. These laws are held in order to keep the dynamic city life to be able to cope with the de-construction jobs running around the city. Reinforced concrete being the most celebrated and used structural element, how might we find a smarter way to de-construct it and re-use the byproduct more accurately?

  • 35.
    Hansson, Rickard
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Scania Triton2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    70 % of the worlds most expensive wildfireshas occurred since year 2003. This is a clear example of that wildfires arean increasingly growing problem which demands new solutions. Some of the most prominent problems of fighting wildfires are the harsh terrainand limited accessibility, the lack of communication and difficulties in creating an overview off the scene and predict how the wildfire will develop. These problems are all factors which I have tried to focus on in my degree project, the Trition. By doing thoroughly research about wildfires and by gathering information and inspiration from other areas, such as the military, it was possible to see the problems of wildfires in a more problem solving perspective. Ideas and forms were generated through unrestrictive sketching and created sketch models.The Trition is a terrain fire truck that serves as a response vehicle, with exceptionally good off-road mobility and that always can be first at the scene. The Trition also serves as a command central which can organise the enormous operations that big fires demands. By having a mobile and multifunctional command central it is possible to always have the latest data about the scene and plan the wildfire fighting in the most efficient way.The Trition is equipped with a drone on its roof. The drone can take off and sweep the area, collecting data which gives the firefighters a good overview and that help to predict the wildfire, such as wind speed and the terrain incline. The drone also has an important preventing function. By regularly sweeping inhabitant areas, the drones infrared camera can detect wildfires earlyon and alert the Trition for an early intervention.

  • 36.
    Hedlund, Maja
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Hur kan personer med hjärtsvikt testa värden i hemmet, för en snabbare behandling och korrigering av medicinering?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    - To be trapped in a roller-coaster That ́s how some of the patients are describing the situa- tion of living with heart failure. To be stuck in their home not knowing if they will have to seek care today and not knowing if they will have the energy to attend that birth- day party later this week.Each year 2-3% of the Swedish population are diagnosed with heart failure, which results in 30,000 new individu- als with the disorder. Cardiovascular disease is rapidly in- creasing in the world and before 2030, people with heart failure will increased by 100%. Our improved living condi- tions and better health have allowed us to grow older and made us more dependent on other types of care, care at home.

    Today the patients are only looking for changes in weight and if they have excessive water in their body. What if we could see changes in values before they develop in to symptoms? We could then use a smaller dosage of medicine and minimize the risk of damaging other organs.During my work I have met with patients, husbands, wives and care givers to gain a better insight and understanding of the different stakeholders problems. The common factor is the insufficient methods for monitoring that are being used today, which aren’t optimal for patients, relatives or care givers.That led me to look at non-invasive testing methods (PPG), which would make it possible to see a trend of a patients health. Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a simple and low-cost optical technique that can be used to detect blood volume changes in the microvascular bed of tissue. PPG is most often employed non-invasively and operates at a red or a near infrared wavelength due to its properties to permeate tissue. By sending out different wavelengths and recorde how much is transmit- ted, scattered and absorb, the sensor can measure levels in the blood.

    When the station is done with the test it will send the result automatically to “Mina vårdkontakter” which will be accessible for both care givers and the patient. The profile will provide the patients with test results and a first contact holding advice for immediate and awaiting care. This will educate the patients and lead to them gaining a better understanding of their current health situation.

  • 37.
    Henje, Catharina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Jaskari, Minna-Maarit
    Student and teacher experiences of multidisciplinary cross-border co-operation2013Inngår i: Reformation, revolution, evolution: universitetslärandet ur ett tidsperspektiv / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2013, 153-154 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Henriksson, Adam
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Alternative Search: From efficiency to experience2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Search engines of today are focusing on efficiently and accurately generating search results.Yet, there is much to be explored in the way people interact with the applications and relate to the content. Individuals are commonly unique, with complex preferences, motives and expectations. Not only is it important to be sensitive to these differences, but to accommodate the extremes. Enhancing a search engine does not only rely on technological development, but to explore potential user experiences in broader perspectives - which not only gratifies the needs for information, but supports a diversity of journeys.

    The aim of the project is to develop an alternate search engine with different functionality based on new values that reflects contemporary needs.

    The result, Exposeek, is an experiential prototype supporting exploratory browsing based on principles of distributed infrastructure, transparent computation and serendipitous information. Suggestive queries, legible algorithms and augmented results provide additional insights and present an alternative way to seek and peruse the Web. 

  • 39.
    Hermans, Guido
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    A Comparison of Mass Customization Toolkits for Consumer Products Produced by Rapid Manufacturing2011Inngår i: Bridging Mass Customization & Open Innovation: Proceedings of the MCPC 2011 Conference / [ed] Henry Chesbrough & Frank Piller, Raleigh, NC: Lulu Inc. , 2011, 9- s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several mass customization toolkits for consumer products are compared amongst each other from a design perspective. The customized products are all produced with rapid manufacturing technologies and in all cases the shape of the product is the main variable attribute which can be customized. The aim is to determine criteria that define the generic process of this co-creation approach. Comparison is used as a method since it focuses on understanding the customization tools and the process. The first part of the paper is concerned with the theoretical approach and the comparison of five toolkits. The second part deals more in-depth with the design of solution spaces which focus primarily on customization beyond aesthetics and it also deals with the design of validation tools. The expected outcome is a generic process of co-creation which highlights valuable aspects and can be used for the future development of mass customization toolkits.

  • 40.
    Hermans, Guido
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    A Model for Evaluating Mass Customization Toolkits2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass customization involves the consumer in the design process by enabling them to customize a design through the use of a toolkit. In this paper, a model is introduced that can be used to evaluate mass customization toolkits. The model is based on target outcome and guidance and analyzes the toolkits by looking at product attributes, mechanisms, freedom in the solution space and guidance in terms of the starting point and provided instructions. The three main findings presented in this paper concern the emphasis of current toolkits on customizing hard product attributes, a focus on ‘lower-level’ product attributes, and the uniqueness of the outcomes that current toolkits produce. 

  • 41.
    Hermans, Guido
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    A Model for Evaluating the Solution Space of Mass Customization Toolkits2012Inngår i: International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, ISSN 2217-2661, Vol. 3, nr 4, 205-214 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass customization involves consumers in the design process by enabling them to customize a product through the use of a toolkit. The aim of this paper is to develop a profound understanding of constructing a solution space of mass customization toolkits and to examine the autonomy of the user in relation to the solution space. In this study a model is proposed that can be used to evaluate the solution space of mass customization toolkits. The model is based on target outcome and guidance and analyses toolkits by examining product attributes, mechanisms and choice in the solution space and guidance throughout the process of customization. The three main findings presented concern the emphasis of existing toolkits on customizing ‘hard’ product attributes, a strong focus on ‘lower-level’ product attributes, and the lack of uniqueness in the outcomes from current toolkits.

  • 42.
    Hermans, Guido
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Identifying User-as-Designer Behaviors When Designing By Using Toolkits2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer products are becoming more and more open for consumers to design, make or adapt them to their own preferences and needs. An emerging area of product toolkits turns users into designers. In this paper we use the term user-as-designer, shortly user-designer, which refers to a consumer who uses a toolkit to design a product for himself. Designing by using toolkits challenges the role of the professional designer in ways that yet have to be fully explored and understood as well as the role of the passive consumer that gains new freedom and responsibility.

    The aim of this paper is to explore consumers designing an everyday product focusing on the behavior users have in relation to the tool they use. The participants expressed their preferences directly into the creation of an object through the use of a digital toolkit. A group of ten students participated, their designs were produced by 3D printing and they reflected upon their process and design. Three core findings are presented that concern the behavior of users when designing through a toolkit. First, we identified four user-designer characters that describe the exploration of the solution space. Secondly, we revealed the behavior of participants through visualizing the process of customization. The third finding concerns the predictability of outcomes for the designer of the toolkit. The discussion focuses on two levels; first we describe the aspects from this study that are relevant for future toolkit development. Issues like the exploration of the solution space, specific behavior in constrained toolkits, predictability, iteration and the amount of freedom for the user. The second level of the discussion focuses on the implications for consumer involvement in the design process. This study has shown that when consumers are engaged in the design process they need to understand what it means to create rather than being tricked in some part of a process in an isolated manner. 

  • 43.
    Hermans, Guido
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Wordpress of objects: addressing layman participation in a post- industrial society2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2013 ACM conference on Pervasive and ubiquitous computing adjunct publication, ACM Press, 2013, 945-950 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a perspective on layman participation in the design of everyday products is presented. The development of digital fabrication technologies such as 3D printing enables an increasing involvement of the layman in appropriating the performance of objects to their own needs and desires. The question is how professional designers as well as laymen deal with openness in product design. An analogy is made with the content management system Wordpress to discuss how could be dealt with openness in a toolkit that addresses multiple skill levels of its users.

  • 44.
    Hermans, Guido
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Stolterman, Erik
    Indiana University.
    Exploring Parametric Design: Consumer Customization of an Everyday Object2012Inngår i: Proceedings of DRS2012 / [ed] Praima Israsena, Juthamas Tangsantikul, David Durling, Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University , 2012, 707-717 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Toolkits for mass customization can be seen as a link between a consumer and a solution space and enable the user to customize a design to their own needs and desires. The development and increasing availability of additive manufacturing which enables customization and the growing amount of businesses developing mass customization services will direct industrial designers to rethink their role and their tasks in the design process. Customization through digital fabrication technologies is an emerging field where industrial designers have to be aware of and able to design for. There is an ongoing shift from standardization and mass production towards individualization, markets of one and customization. The aim of this exploratory study is to get a better understanding of toolkits for mass customization in order to develop a method for designing customizable products. The experiment conducted in this study invited participants to customize, use and evaluate a kitchen product. We present five core findings from this experiment. This study has identified several issues that play a role when consumers take on the task of customizing a consumer product. The study has also shown potential future areas when it comes to parametric design.

  • 45.
    Håkansson, Jon
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Improvement of operator's environment in excavator2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    According to the report Ergonomic on-Site Assessment of Excavator Work, one big problem is the risk of falling accidents when entering and exiting the cab. The solution could be lowering the cab to the ground in front of the machine, this could also help during cleaning of windows. The mechanism needed for this operation could also be used for adjusting the cabin in height and tilting it, in order to solve the problem with neck and back injuries.

    In Umeå I had a meeting with professor Ivan Westerlund at SLU (Swedish Agricultural University) who taught me about ways to reduce vibrations by different undercarriages. It would be possible to have a principle similar to the terrain vehicles and tanks produced by Hägglunds. They are equipped with an active suspension system, making it possible to drive in high speed with track-undercarriage.

    By using this techniqe it would be possible to merge the two different excavators into one, a stable machine while working and a comfortable fast machine during transport.

    A fuelcell powerplant would be well suited, considering sound level and pollution in urban environment and especially underground worksituations. With less need for maintenance the risk for falling accidents gets minimized.

    As a bonus, maybe the waste water could be used for spraying, to avoid dust when needed. Today´s underground-operating machines are tied up with a waterhose which affects the mobility to a high level.

    Since i want to concentrate on a flexible machine adapted for roadtransport, my benchmark is the Volvo EW 180, their biggest wheeled excavator, produced today.

  • 46.
    Jesper, Målsten
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Vad är en digital shaker?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet i denna rapport har fokuserat på hur man kan förbättra den visuella och taktila upplevelsen av digitala slagverk. Målet var att utveckla en digital version av moderna percussionisters shakers, som tilltalar användarna inte bara med sina funktioner och digitala möjligheter utan även som ett musikinstrument.Processen och utveckling av instrumentimagen för digital percussion kan appliceras på alla digitala instrument, men resultatet av detta projekt illustreras genom ett koncept på en digital shaker.

  • 47.
    Johnsson, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    In case: Säkrare sprututbytessystem2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this project has been safety and harm reduction amongst injection drug users through exchange programmes. Handling of tools including plungers, syringes, cups and filters, the risk of spreading blood disease such as Hepatitis and HIV through reusage and how a new solution can be implemented in order to hinder blood from contaminating several tools .

    During the project period extensive research in user habits has been made, in order to map social, practical and individual variations which effects the level of risk. Other important aspects such as comfort for society, cooperation and unity between cliniques as they start new practices throughout Sweden has been focus, as well as creating a concept with necessairy improvements wich fit the behavure of todays users.

  • 48.
    Kettner, Marlene
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Interactive histories: How might interactive exhibtion elements improve the understanding of Islamicate history?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    What if the objects in the Museum of Islamic Art in Berlin could talk?All the artefacts are there for a reason. But especially in a historic exhibition on another culture those reason can be extremely difficult to see. Why look at a shagged old carpet?

    More than 4 million Muslims live in Germany today. Most people have very little background knowledge in Islamic art or history - but Islam is a regular topic of heated debate. People come to the Museum of Islamic Art with today´s questions, ideas and expectations. In today´s exhibition, visitors are flooded with impressions and information, but without background knowledge, it is difficult to relate things. 

    What are engaging, and information-rich, but not overwhelming formats to access deeper information on particular objects? How to explore their specific contexts as well as their relation to other objects?My final design - ‘Storytellers’ are guides. They are small tokens that represent objects from the museum. Each object has its own character, topic and relationships to other objects. It will show you through the exhibition on its` individual tour. There are tours with stories for children, families, different levels of background knowledge and interests.

  • 49.
    Kim, Yujin
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Quart: Urban Micro Commuter2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, one of strong trends is globalization all over the world.That is not a surprising issue anymore and still going on. Furthermore, since many of people are gathering in cities to get jobs and live in convenience, the urban areas are growing wider and more crowded constantly. This fact automatically makes transportation usages and buildings increase. In this environment, the city offers some of publictransportations and infrastructures to make citizen transport efficiently.

    But, lots of people are still driving by private cars despite rising fuel costs. So, trafic jam, lack of parking space and waste of resource are getting serious. If we look around a city, there are many drivers going to work alone by a big commuter. It is a crucial cause of these issues. It aims to create a suitable personal commuter for primarily single drivers, with fascinating look despite its compact size. That will catch the eyes of people, and then make them desire it.

  • 50.
    Kinik, Ayça
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    Safety while handling trailers2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Road transportation grew by 3.3 % per year over the past ten years which is faster than the economic growth of 2.3 % per year. European Commission plans for an increase of 55 % for road transportation between 2000 and 2020. This growth puts pressure on current trucking industry considering fuel consumption, emissions of green house gases, and traffic congestion.  High demand logistics industry and current pressure creates trends towards flexibility and longer vehicle combinations for efficiency and to reduce the number of engines on roads, challenging the current coupling methods of the trailers.  Primary method called 5th wheel coupling comes from a similar coupling used on 4 wheel horse-drawn carriages of the 19th century which is reliable in terms of attaching truck and trailer but has significant safety, efficiency and comfort issues for driver and the vehicles-people around.  So what if hauling setup could be safer and smarter?

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