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  • 1.
    Barrett, James
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Learning Places: a Case Study of Collaborative Pedagogy Using Online Virtual Worlds2011In: Multi-User Virtual Environments for the Classroom: Practical Approaches to Teaching in Virtual Worlds / [ed] Giovanni Vincenti & James Braman, Hershey: IGI Global , 2011, p. 31-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter, based on a set of developed teaching scenarios, discusses how virtual worlds, in particular Second Life, can be used in student centered pedagogy; intertwining theory and practice, emphasizing process-thinking, critical perspectives, and strengthen the confidence and independence of the student. Drawing upon experiences from traditional education, Web 2.0-tools, and problem based pedagogy grounded in project work, social media, engineering, and digital humanities, this chapter presents a pedagogy based upon the concepts of participatory culture, and co-creation on the part of students in the learning process. The authors have been involved in developing the core curriculum for a term-long (four month) course for Museum Studies. A problem based, student centered pedagogy is both integrated and contrasted with traditional classroom settings, that are also part of the planning, implementation, and assessment stages of the course. Based upon the practical experience of conducting this course, the article critically discusses ICT and problem oriented learning on a general level – including the benefits and disadvantages for the student and for the teachers. How this approach to learning, from the experiences in virtual worlds, can fit in to the established structure of learning goals, lectures, examination, and assessment is questioned in the chapter, based on the experiences gathered from teaching the course.

  • 2.
    Barrett, James
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, HUMlab.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, HUMlab.
    Spacing Creation: The HUMlab Second Life Project2009In: Learning and Teaching in the Virtual World of Second Life, Trondheim: Tapir Academic Press , 2009, p. 167-183Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is both a summary and a glimpse of the future regarding the twelve months of activity in Second Life by the digital humanities lab and studio HUMlab at Umeå University. Art and cooperation have been the emphasis in the early stages of the HUMlab Second Life project. In the few months prior to the authoring of this chapter things began to move quite rapidly for HUMlab in Second Life with numerous projects emerging in relation to the large HUMlab Island. Through a constructivist pedagogical model, and lots of trial and error many lessons have been learnt by all involved. Some of the more interesting learning experiences are related in this chapter.

  • 3.
    Barrett, Jim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    En görandets humaniora: skapande i virtuella världar som pedagogiskt verktyg2010In: Undervisning på tvären: student- och lärarerfarenheter: den nionde universitetspedagogiska konferensen 25-26 februari 2009 : konferensrapport / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum (UPC), Umeå Universitet , 2010, p. 59-76Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the possibilities for the creative use of virtual worlds as tools for learning. Initially it describes the starting points and motivations for this work. It goes on to report the experience of a course in which students in the museum studies program created exhibits in the virtual three-dimensional world of Second Life. The purpose was primarily to provide the students with competence in digital visualization and presentation techniques, but also to give them the tools to combine theoretical perspectives with practical work, and thereby stimulate creative thinking and practice. The experience shows that students, above the intial goals, also gained insight into themselves through community processes, group dynamics, the individual's own role in a working group, in relation to language processing, and the laws of copyright.

  • 4.
    Bassimir, Anja-Maria
    et al.
    The Obama Institute for Transnational American Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Introduction: keeping the faith in protestant periodical cultures2023In: Protestant periodicals in transition: from the twentieth century to the digital age / [ed] Anja-Maria Bassimir; Stefan Gelfgren, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2023, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Bassimir, Anja-Maria
    et al.
    The Obama Institute for Transnational American Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.
    Gelfgren, StefanUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Protestant periodicals in transition: from the twentieth century to the digital age2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Protestant Periodicals in Transition: From the Twentieth Century to the Digital Age demarcates the field of religious periodical studies by offering a range of historical and contemporary case studies from different Protestant traditions drawn from various regions of the world. Taking religion, periodicals, and their cultures seriously, this volume focuses not only on content but on the people, processes, networks, technologies, and economics involved in periodical publishing. Case studies explore the role of the Protestant magazine in defining, policing, and extending the boundaries of religious communities, of engaging with and influencing the surrounding society through political activism and lifestyle advice, and adapting to and sometimes spearheading technological changes to keep relevant in changing times. 

  • 6. Cheong, Pauline Hope
    et al.
    Fischer-Nielsen, PeterGelfgren, StefanUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.Ess, Charles
    Digital Religion, Social Media and Culture: Perspectives, Practices and Futures2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Cocq, Coppélie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Department of Cultures, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Samuelsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Enbom, Jesper
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Online Surveillance in a Swedish Context: Between acceptance and resistance2020In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 179-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Users of digital media leave traces that corporations and authorities can harvest, systema-tise, and analyse; on the societal level, an overall result is the emergence of a surveillance culture. In this study, we examine how people handle the dilemma of leaving digital footprints: what they say they do to protect their privacy and what could legitimise the collection and storing of their data. Through a survey of almost 1,000 students at Umeå University in Sweden, we find that most respondents know that their data are used and choose to adjust their own behaviour rather than adopting technical solutions. In order to understand contemporary forms of surveillance, we call for a humanistic approach – an approach where hermeneutic and qualitative methods are central.

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  • 8.
    Drakman, Annelie
    et al.
    History of Science and Ideas, Department for Culture and Aesthetics, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    How to combine close and distant reading within the history of science and ideas: Two examples from ongoing research2022In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 85-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This text gives two examples of how research within the history of science and ideas can make use of digital methods through a combination of close and distant reading. The first case maps all churches and prayer chapels in the Diocese of Luleå to answer the question if a Bible belt exists in Norrland; what it (if there is one) looks like, what its characteristics are, and how it has evolved over time. The spatio-temporal visualization both clarifies patterns of religious fervor and reveals “white spots”, creating questions for further research. In the second case distributional concept analysis is performed using Sketch Engine on the corpus enTenTen20, consisting of 38 billion words gathered in 2020 from the Anglophone Internet. Lists are assembled over which words are most often used together (co-locates) with creativity. Then, the research process is outlined, where use of such distant reading tools encourages returns to close readings of other materials (for instance speeches by American presidents) in an iterative process. The cases illustrate the benefits of moving between “distant” levels where digital methods show large patterns, and more specific, detailed, “close” levels, with focus on particular points of interest. We also show how this oscillation between large-scale computer aided methods, and small-scale interpretations generate new questions. Finally, we discuss our experiences of multidisciplinary approaches to digital history, and describe setbacks and unexpected wins.

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  • 9.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Pufendorf Institute, Lund University, Sweden.
    Misharina, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Beyond humanities qua digital: Spatial and material development for digital research infrastructures2018In: Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, ISSN 2055-7671, E-ISSN 2055-768X, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 264-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities around the world have increasingly turned to digital infrastructures as a way to revamp the arts and humanities. This article contributes a fresh understanding by examining the material development of HumlabX, a research laboratory for digital humanities at Umeå University, Sweden. Specifically, we approach the empirical case as a timeline of research funding, projects, events, and deliverables to examine how the research laboratory as an organizational and material space developed and evolved in relation to new technology investments. Based on our analysis, we argue that while digital research infrastructures can, indeed, stimulate innovation in and around research, aimed to produce new knowledge, digital technologies carry social and material implications that affect organizational processes. We show that while knowledge production processes at HumlabX were highly influenced by the infrastructural legacy of the past, they indeed directed scholars toward innovation. By discussing these implications in detail, we move beyond the debate of humanities qua digital, and demonstrate the need for scholars of digital humanities to engage in the development of policies for digital research infrastructures. Using a Swedish case study, we argue that research laboratories for the digital humanities must be scrutinized and should be fully exposed as socio-material organizations that develop, and should develop, over time. In particular, we stress the need to ensure that digital humanities laboratories are sustainable and open for redevelopment.

  • 10. Fransson, Sara
    et al.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jonsson, Pernilla
    Att vara eller inte vara kyrka online: Utmaningar och möjligheter i Svenska kyrkans digitala arbete under coronapandemin2021In: Corona och kyrkorna: Lärdomar, digitala möten och beredskap inför nästa kris / [ed] Sune Fahlgren; Elin Lockneus; Daniel Strömner, Stockholm: Libris, 2021, p. 133-151Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Fransson, Sara
    et al.
    Svenka kyrkans enhet för forskning och analys.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jonsson, Pernilla
    Svenka kyrkans enhet för forskning och analys.
    Svenska kyrkan online: Att ställa om, ställa in eller fortsätta som vanligt under coronapandemin2021Report (Other academic)
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  • 12.
    Fransson, Sara
    et al.
    KLIV Enheten för forskning och analys, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jonsson, Pernilla
    Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sweden2023In: Churches online in times of corona: die CONTOC-Studie: empirische Einsichten, Interpretationen und Perspektiven / [ed] Thomas Schlag; Ilona Nord; Wolfgang Beck; Arnd Bünker; Georg Lämmlin; Sabrina Müller; Johann Pock; Martin Rothgangel, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2023, 1, p. 437-453Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digital initiatives in the parishes within the Church of Sweden were founded upon local initiatives from the parishes based on local needs and context. In keeping with the diaconal responsibility of making church a place for all, new ways to reach people were welcomed. Widespread internet connectivity and digital literacy, individual skills, and competence among Church staff, combined with a local ability to harbour and develop such initiatives, together with an open atmosphere within the larger Church, paved the way for the digital transformation of the first half of the year 2020. However, the results bring to the fore a question regarding the identity of the Church of Sweden (CoS). Is it a denomination with a solely inward focus towards the already active, or is it also a church reaching new people by preaching the gospel?

  • 13.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    A healer and televangelist reaching out to the secular Swedish public sphere2013In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 83-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The American televangelist and healer Benny Hinn was invited to host three meetings at a Christian conference in Uppsala 2010. The hosting institution was the Swedish charismatic Christian denomination Livets Ord. Benny Hinn has been invited by them several times before, and it can be said he is popular in some parts of Christianity, but considered rather controversial in others. The invitation and the whole event spurred an online debate, mainly on blogs and Twitter, where Livets Ord and Benny Hinn were discussed and scrutinized. This article will focus on describing and analyzing how the event was perceived and evaluated, primarily in the digital media, before, during and after the event. The churches are currently attempting to reach new audiences through digital channels, and hope to support their adherents in their everyday life beyond the meetings and activities hosted at their physical church building. However, as seen in the article, entering the digital era is not always unproblematic or straight-forward. What is of particular interest here is how the digital media relocate the event – how this opens up a previously closed event, and potentially flattens out and questions traditional authorities.

  • 14.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Alla tjänar på att dela med sig: Sharing is caring2010In: Vårt Budskap, Vol. 83, no 7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Att ha sin plats i "en stad ovan molnen": radikalt eller reaktionärt inom 1800-talets väckelse?2006In: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] 91-7331-005-0, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, p. 320-335Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att kartlägga bönhusen i Luleå stift – en inblick i stiftets kyrkohistoria2023In: Där möten äger rum: om bönhusen i övre Norrland / [ed] Daniel Lindmark, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2023, p. 27-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att kommunicera kyrka i en tid av minoritetsblivande2024In: Allt har sin tid: folkkyrka under omvandling / [ed] Sven Thidevall, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2024, p. 101-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter deals with the Church of Sweden’s digital communication.The focus is on how to be a church in a digital age. The chapter is primarily examining and discussing how digital communicationis perceived and discussed in terms of need, possibilities and limitations. The concrete “how” of this communication in the different online channels is not of particular interest here.

    Today, the church has developed its web presence through for example websites, blogs and social media channels. The main argument for being online is the importance of being where people are. It is argued that when people (in general) tend to spend more and more time online, the church should be online too. This is in line with the idea that the Church of Sweden is a folk church. The web gives the church the possibility to be present all over the country, and beyond – and this is seen as part of its mission.

    The informants describe the necessity for the church to be online, and how online communication opens up possibilities to reach new people. Simultaneously, concerns are expressed that online communication might make the idea of the folk church more difficult to maintain, because people are given the possibility of picking and choosing only certain parts of church life.

    One challenge, expressed by the informants, is to organise communication work in tandem with established church structures. However, informants have seen the work of communication officers (and their likes) gradually becoming closer to, and partly integrated into, everyday work within the church structure.

    Digital communication is here to stay, and consequently, the church must work out how best to harbour the possibilities of digital tools, while acknowledging and learning from the difficulties and consequences.

  • 18.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Bönhusen i Luleå stift2022In: Skelleftebygden, ISSN 1102-9986, no 2, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Christianity and digital media: different traditions and different aims2022In: The Oxford handbook of digital religion / [ed] Heidi A. Campbell; Pauline Cheong, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022, p. C29.S1-C29.S8Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes and discusses how digital media has been used, implemented, and negotiated within Christianity and how these processes vary between and within different traditions (divided here into Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox). The view on digital media differs between different traditions, and therefore the goals and purposes of digital media also differ. For example, the presence of differing theology, history, and established structures and practices influence how digital media is perceived and implemented by different actors, such as churches and denominations, and their representatives. Related to differences, similarities, and tensions across traditions, this chapter also discusses the future of research on digital religion. While research on Protestant digital religion is thoroughly researched today, the growing body of research on other cases—other traditions and in other geographical locations—will probably change how digital religion is viewed and interpreted.

  • 20.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Converging World Views: The European Expansion and Early-Nineteenth-Century Anglo-Swedish Contacts2004In: Lychnos: Årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoriaArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    De osedda dagar: om EFS identitet, framtid och historia2006Book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Den lågkyrkliga väckelsen i Umeå2013In: Umeå 1314–2014: 100 berättelser om 700 år / [ed] Lars-Gunnar Olsson & Susanne Haugen; Lars-Erik Edlund & Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2013, p. 359-364Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Den norrländska väckelsen och dess inverkan på samhällsutveckling och sekularisering2018In: Inomkyrklig sekularisering / [ed] Thomas Girmalm & Marie Rosenius, Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 2018, p. 83-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    DigiBön - kartlägger Luleåstifts bönhus2021In: Vårt budskap, Vol. 94, no 3, p. 7-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Digital church and media: In a historical and contemporary context2012In: Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology, ISSN 1802-5951, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The underlying question for this article is: – “is what is now happening online really new, and something never seen outside the internet, and before the internet?” Previous research has to a large extent emphasized the distinctive characteristics of internet culture, as separated from what is happening in the “real/physical” world. That is a approach also valid for how churches online have been seen, and there has been an established distinction between religion online (religious churches and representatives with an online presence), and online religion (religion conducted and practiced in an online environment). However, technical advantages in recent years (which also has changed our behavior online) has made this distinction more fluid and difficult to defend. But there is also a historical continuity of using modern media within the church, making it difficult to claim that contemporary transformations within the Christian sphere are unique. There are several historical examples of how media use changes religious faith and practices throughout time. This article will put digital churches into a contemporary and historical context in order to discuss if it is relevant to uphold a distinction between churches online vis-à-vis churches offline.

  • 26.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    En fristad för kristen gemenskap2009In: Kyrkans tidning, ISSN 1651-405X, no 19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Erik Janze: En obemärkt tjänare i Guds rike2000In: Oknytt, ISSN 0349-1706, no 1-2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ett bibelbälte i norr - finns det något sådant?2020In: Från nyläseri till bibelbälte: kyrka och väckelse i Västerbotten / [ed] Daniel Lindmark, Umeå: Luleå stiftshistoriska sällskap , 2020, p. 85-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Ett utvalt släkte: väckelse och sekularisering - Evangeliska fosterlands-stiftelsen 1856-19102003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this dissertation is the confessional revivalist organisation Evangeliska Fosterlands-Stiftelsen (EFS – approximately the Swedish Evangelical Mission Society) between 1856 and 1910. EFS was founded in 1856 in a Pietistic tradition, and its aim was to revitalise from within what was seen as a too dormant State church, and also to counteract the influence of the emerging free churches.

    The study has five main sections. The introductory part consists of the theoretical framework and the historical context. In the second chapter EFS’ aims and expectations are studied on a national level. The third chapter examines the content of published and distributed tracts. The fourth chapter focuses on the activities of the itinerant colporteurs, and the fifth and final part studies the work of a local EFS-congregation.

    The aim of the dissertation is twofold. The first objective is to describe the transformation EFS underwent during the period studied. This process is described in terms related to Jürgen Habermas’ expression “public sphere”. When EFS was founded, as a board, it can be seen as one of other middle- and upper-class associations, and as such a part of the Swedish public sphere. By 1910 EFS had begun to move away from the Swedish State church and had become more like contemporary popular movements and free churches – it had started to take the shape of an limited alternative sphere, a denomination.

    The second aim is to use EFS as an example to describe and analyse the changed perception of religion during the second half of the 19th century. This change is described as a process of secularisation. Secularisation is seen here as the process that turned religion into an individual, voluntary and optional act of faith, among other religious and non-religious alternatives, for ordinary people. Of particular interest is the paradoxical relation between revivalism and secularisation. Various revivalist movements emphasised the personal relation to God and the individual right to interpret the word of God. The individual choice for salvation was also stressed within revivalism. These movements also created new alternatives to the all-embracing State church. Thus both the position of the Church, and the universal claims of Christianity in general, were undermined.

    The transformation EFS underwent is seen as an adaptation to the rise of modern society, which became more pluralistic and hence competitive during the final decades of the 19th century. This development meant that new strategies were required for religious organisations overall, in order for them to be able to compete and flourish.

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  • 30.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Department of Theology, School of Historical Studies, The University of Birmingham.
    Evangeliska Fosterlands-Stiftelsen (EFS): Evangelical Revivalism and Secularisation in Sweden 1856 – 19102001Other (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines the relation between revivalism and secularisation through the Swedish Evangelical-Lutheran organisation Evangeliska Fosterlands-Stiftelsen (EPS - approximately the Swedish Evangelical Mission Society) between 1856 and 1910.

    Secularisation is a problematic expression, but here it is used to describe a changing perception of religion in terms of personalisation and individualisation of beliefs.

    Christianity provided by the State church was compulsory and self-evident in early 19th century Sweden. In mid 19th century the homogeneous society began to fall apart; a transformation related to modernisation. Within the religious sphere, different revivals undermined the Church’s hegemony. EFS was founded in an attempt to safeguard the confessional content of the revival.

    In the beginning of the examined period EFS’ antagonists were mainly non-confessional branches of Christianity. During the latest quarter of the century the situation changed under the influence of a more pluralistic society. EFS and the Church became alternatives among other ideologies and lifestyles, which had to be marketed and sold. On a national level EFS’ competitors now became different secularists, and EFS also started to form its own identity separated from the Church. Locally EFS adapted to the new market situation by downgrading the specific Lutheran content and instead emphasising the social aspect. This transformation can be described in terms of secularisation, denominationalisation, and individualisation of beliefs.

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  • 31.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Evangeliska Fosterlands-Stiftelsen och sekulariseringen: Exemplet Umeås Evangelisk-Lutherska missionsförening 1850-19102002In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift / [ed] Anders Jarlet, Uppsala: Svenska kyrkohistoriska föreningen , 2002, p. 124-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Globaliseringens inverkan på svensk religiositet av idag1999In: En globaliserad värld: elva uppsatser om globala processer / [ed] Ronny Ambjörnsson, Stefan Gelfgren och Gunilla Jonsson, Umeå: Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet , 1999, p. 95-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    How the nineteenth-century evangelical revival strengthened faith and undermined Christendom: a Swedish case2023In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 157-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the paradoxical relationship between thenineteenth-century Evangelical Revival and secularization. It is arguedhere that the revival and its worldview played a role in increasingpluralism and choice in the nineteenth century – a process often relatedto secularization. The Evangelical movement both attempted to op-pose modernity and rationalism and emphasized religious freedom,voluntarism, and individualism. It therefore induced and popularizedself-reflection, doubt, and deconversion. It also favoured religiousdemocracy in opposition to a state-imposed religious monopoly (atleast in northern Europe). Furthermore, by dividing people into be-lievers and nonbelievers, it emphasized religious polarization. Thiscontributed to an undermining of established religious structures,fragmenting and pluralizing the religious landscape and giving peoplethe option to abstain completely from religious commitment. TheSwedish confessional (inner mission) revivalist denomination Evan-geliska Fosterlands-Stiftelsen (EFS – approx. the Swedish Evangeli-cal Mission Society), founded in 1856, is used as a case. The popularliterature they published and distributed manifested an evangelicalworldview. In this article four themes, based on the popular literature,are used to study empirically the changing role of religion in relationto nineteenth-century revivalism: ‘the dualistic worldview’; ‘conver-sion’; ‘activism’; and ‘self-reflection’.

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  • 34.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Humlab - från vision till verkstad2023In: Humaniora: om humanistiska fakulteten vid Umeå universitet / [ed] Alf Arvidsson; Lars-Erik Edlund; Elena Lindholm; Per Melander; Christer Nordlund, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2023, 2, p. 159-160Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 35.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Humlab vid Umeå universitet2016In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 71-71Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Hybrid churches: transcending the physical, virtual and sacred2013In: Hybrid media culture: sensing place in a world of flows / [ed] Simon Lindgren, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 123-138Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    "If you need a virtual community, something is wrong with your congregation": institutionalized Laestadianism and the use of digital media2016In: Journal of Religion, Media and Digital Culture, ISSN 2165-9214, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 279-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies how the Laestadian movement (a Christian confessional revivalist movement that is sceptical of technology) uses digital media in general, and the internet in particular, in its work. In a time when churches on a large scale are concerned with how to communicate with people through digital media, the Laestadian movement choses another path, based upon other assumptions and choices. The focus here is on how congregations and representatives use digital media, and not on individual and private use, and this article will focus primarily on Sweden and Finland. Based on interviews with representatives and by mapping the congregations' online presence, this article provides an interpretation of the use of the internet within Laestadianism. Through this group, we see how ideology, faith, and practices regulate a restricted, negotiated, and conscious use of the internet, which challenges any preconceptions regarding use and effect of the internet on religion. This case study therefore gives additional perspective for understanding the role of digital media within and in relation to institutionalized Christianity.

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  • 38.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Initierad översikt över hela kyrkans historia: Recension av Jonathan Hill, Den kristna kyrkans historia2009In: Årsbok för kristen humanism och samhällssyn, ISSN 1650-0113, Vol. 71, p. 134-135Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Is there such a thing as digital religion?2013In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, no 3Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Review of Campbell, Heidi, ed. (2013). Digital Religion: Understanding Religious Practice in New Media Worlds. (272 p.). London and New York: Routledge. (pbk). ISBN 978-0-415-67611-3

  • 40.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Kristendom och den moderna världsbilden: Norra Europa 1500-20002005Book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Kristendomens mörka framtid2012In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 5, p. 85-86Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Kyrkan och Europas komplexa historia: Recension av: Tom Holland, Tusenårsstriden: Hur kristendomen segrade i Västeuropa2010In: Årsbok för kristen humanism och samhällssyn, ISSN 1650-0113, Vol. 72Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Kyrkan på nätet – förbund eller förbannelse?2011In: Religionspedagogisk tidskrift, ISSN 2000-4486, Vol. 22, p. 6-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Kyrklig väckelse och väckelsens inomkyrklighet i Umeå 1700-19002002In: Oknytt, ISSN 0349-1706, no 3-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Kyrkliga institutioner, maktförhandlingar och deltagandekultur2015In: Digital politik: sociala medier, deltagandeoch engagemang / [ed] Eric Carlsson, Bo Nilsson och Simon Lindgren, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2015, p. 133-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Kyrkobesök i Second Life2009In: Vårt Budskap, Vol. 82, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Lade taoismen grunden till den kinesiska vetenskapen?2000In: Vidgade vyer: globalt perspektiv på idéhistoria / [ed] Mohammad Fazlhashemi, Anders Öckerman och Ronny Ambjörnsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2000, p. 79-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    "Let there be digital networks and God will provide growth?": Comparing aims and hopes of 19th century and post millennial Christianity2012In: Digital Religion, Social Media and Culture: Perspectives, Practices and Futures / [ed] Pauline Cheong, Charles Ess, Stefan Gelfgren, Peter Fisher-Nielsen (, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2012, p. 227-242Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Mapping Conservative Religion: A Bible Belt in Northern Sweden2021In: Conservative Religion and Mainstream Culture: Opposition, Negotiation, and Adaptation / [ed] Stefan Gelfgren, Daniel Lindmark, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, p. 17-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the possible existence of a Bible belt, an area of stronger, often conservative, religious expressions in norther Sweden. Media sources and previous studies are employed to explore the relevance of the Bible belt concept. During the twentieth century, studies have been conducted to detect and describe the characteristics of different regions in Sweden. Several studies point toward one Bible belt in the south and one in the north. However, the characteristics of a northern Bible belt are blunt and unnuanced, largely because religiosity does not follow administrative boarders in the vast and rather unevenly populated area. Therefore, the diversity of religious faith and practices in the north of Sweden are obscured.

  • 50.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Participatory Media throughout History2012In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 83-87Article, book review (Refereed)
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