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  • 1.
    Hedestig, Ulf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Söderström, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Challenges in Using IoT in Public Spaces2018In: Urb-IoT 2018: 3rd EAI International Conference on IoT in Urban Space, 21-23 November, 2018, Guimarães, Portugal, The European Alliance for Innovation (EAI) , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past decades a number of new perspectives on public administration have emerged, for instance New Public Service, New Public Governance and Digital Era Governance. Several of these perspectives seem to have the concept of co-production in common, implying that the public sector engages citizens to take part in the design and execution of services. A rather new way to achieve coproduction in the public sector has been to utilize crowdsourcing or social media monitoring. However, the way these ’methods’ has been implemented in public sector is often associated with difficulties, and to overcome some of them we propose an Internet of Things (IoT) approach that hopefully will create improved conditions for data-driven business development. At present, the approach is tested in a local government in northern Sweden in which we have set up a Low Power Wide Area Network designed for wireless battery-operated sensors. Although the test is still in an initial stage, results so far are promising and using sensor data in business development may be one way to improve public sector services. However, our test also shows that there are some issues that are of importance when designing and using IoT in public spaces. We conclude by suggesting that the concept of affordance can be useful to understand how we design and implement sensors in public spaces.

  • 2.
    Hedestig, Ulf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Söderström, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Co-producing public value through IoT and social media2018In: dg.o '18 Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research: Governance in the Data Age / [ed] Hinnant C.C., Zuiderwijk A., Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, article id a22Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past decades a number of new perspectives on public administration have emerged, for instance New Public Service, New Public Governance and Digital Era Governance. Several of these perspectives seem to have the concept of co-production in common, implying that the public sector engages citizens to take part in the design and execution of services. A rather new way to achieve co-production in the public sector has been to utilize crowdsourcing or social media monitoring. However, the way these 'methods' has been implemented in public sector is often associated with difficulties, and to overcome some of them we propose an Internet of Things (IoT) approach that hopefully will create improved conditions for data-driven business development, and innovative citizen sourcing. At present, the approach is tested in a local government in northern Sweden in which we have set up a Low Power Wide Area Network (LoRa) designed for wireless battery-operated sensors. Although the test is still in an initial stage, results so far are promising and combining IoT and social media may be one way of creating co-production of public sector services.

  • 3.
    Jakobsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    What Makes a House? Approaching Architectural Design in Virtual Worlds2001In: Proceedings of IRIS24: The 24th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Bjørnestad, S., Moe, R. E., Mørch, A. I. & Opdahl, A. L., Bergen: Department of Information Science, University of Bergen , 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Consequences of Academic Accountability – The Implementation of a Web-Based Time Management System at a Swedish University2013In: Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2013, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2013, p. 1666-1681Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning the use of university faculty time and allocating it to various commitments can be challenging since university teachers typically have a complex mix of different tasks. In this context, some Swedish universities have turned towards time management software solutions as tools for planning department activities. This paper describes the implementation of a web-based time management system at a Swedish university, and discusses its consequences for workforce planning and teachers’ workload.

  • 5.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Erfarenheter från införandet av BPS vid samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet2015Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Ethical aspects of managing a social network site: a disclosive analysis2011In: International Review of Information Ethics, ISSN 1614-1687, E-ISSN 1614-1687, Vol. 16, no 12, p. 27-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managing an online social network site is not an easy task. First, the software environment must be designed with tools that promote social interaction. Second, the social environment most be nurtured and protected with thoughtful and balanced rules that allow for freedom within limits. This paper reports from an ethnographic study of a Swedish social network site, and focuses on how the site managers try to deal with undesirable use patterns and behaviors among members, at the same time struggling with the unexpected social outcome of a software redesign. Adopting a disclosive ethics approach, the paper highlights some of the ethical challenges embedded in the process of managing the site, and discusses their implications.

  • 7.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Informatics.
    Give us back our diaries! A story on how an online community responded to a software redesign2007In: Internet Research 8.0: Let's Play. October 17-20, 2007, Vancouver, Canada, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Mjukvarumiljöer för gemenskap: En studie av nätgemenskap, teknik och kultur2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling handlar om mötesplatser på Internet, där så kallade nätgemenskaper uppstår. En viktig beståndsdel i varje nätgemenskap utgörs av mjukvarumiljön som skapar förutsättningar för Internetbaserad social interaktion. Föreliggande studie syftar till att öka förståelsen för relationen mellan nämnda mjukvarumiljö och den sociala interaktionen i en nätgemenskap.

    Avhandlingsarbetet omfattar ett fyraårigt etnografiskt fältarbete på nätgemenskapen LunarStorm [www.lunarstorm.se], där empiriskt material insamlats genom deltagande observationer, intervjuer, samt studier av arkiverat material. Det empiriska arbetet har koncentrerats kring tre olika mjukvarufunktioner och deras användningssammanhang. De funktioner som skärskådats är status-, lajv- och dagboksfunktionen.

    I avhandlingen framträder ett tredelat resultat som kommunicerar huvuddragen i en synliggjord relation mellan medlemmarnas sociala interaktion och den underliggande mjukvarumiljön. För det första påvisas att mjukvarans utformning påverkar den sociala interaktionen. För det andra tydliggörs att mjukvarukomponenternas betydelse och användning aldrig är fixerad utan ständigt förändras som ett resultat av kontinuerlig användning och förnyade tolkningsprocesser. För det tredje karaktäriseras nätgemenskapens medlemmar som medskapare av mjuk­varumiljön.

    Genom att visa på hur teknikutvecklingen skapat förutsättningar för individanpassade, distribuerade mjukvarumiljöer, ger avhandlingen också ett bidrag till diskursen gällande nya former av nätgemenskap.

  • 9.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Push or pull?: Using social media to interact with citizens2017In: Proceedings of the International Conference ICT, Society and Human Beings 2017 / [ed] Piet Kommers, Lisbon, Portugal: IADIS Press, 2017, p. 231-234Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from an ongoing study of how municipalities and local government agencies in Sweden and Norway, use social media to interact with citizens. The empirical material comprises interviews with representatives from seven different local authorities. The findings display how the social media strategies among the local authorities included in the study mostly involves push tactics, not really contributing to citizen engagement. Recommendations based on the obtained findings are provided for local government agencies striving for a higher level of interaction with citizens.

  • 10.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Social interaction in virtual communities: the significance of technology2005In: International Journal of Web Based Communities, ISSN 1477-8394, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 464-474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, it is argued that supporting technology influences the way interaction occurs in a virtual community. The empirical part of the study comprises interviews with visitors at LunarStorm, the most popular online community among young people in Sweden. The study highlights a specific feature within the software environment of LunarStorm and the empirical data show that this feature strongly influences community life. Based on these findings it is argued that there is a need for further studies that aim for increasing the knowledge about the role of the technology when designing for social interaction and community development.

  • 11.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Informatics.
    The private goes public – transformation of private and public space at LunarStorm2003In: Internet Research 4.0: Broadening the Band. October 16-19, 2003, Toronto, Canada, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Informatics.
    The same but different - revisiting web based third places2006In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference Web Based Communities 2006, 2006, p. 113-118Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Informatics.
    "They really want you to write down who you are" - the disclosure of private information at LunarStorm2004In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference Web Based Communities 2004, 2004, p. 207-214Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Informatics.
    You must be over 18 to read this - how a technological intervention backfired2006In: Internet Research 7.0: Internet Convergences. September 27-30, 2006, Brisbane, Australia, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Skog, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Hedestig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Kaptelinin, Victor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Supporting Social Interactions in Distance Education with a 3D Virtual Learning Space2001In: Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2001 – World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications / [ed] Craig Montgomerie and Jarmo Viteli, Norfolk, VA, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education , 2001, p. 1751-1753Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper introduces main ideas underlying an ongoing project directed at supporting social interactions in distance education with 3D virtual learning spaces. It is assumed that Active Worlds can constitute environments, which will make it possible to capitalize on tacit aspects of social context, critical for effective learning. In addition, challenges for the technical and educational design of such environments are discussed.

  • 16.
    Skog, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    Umeå University.
    Time Management in Higher Education - A Challenge for Academic Leaders2016In: The Hawaiian Conference on Education 2016: Official Conference Proceedings, Nagoya: International Academic Forum , 2016, p. 89-98Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning the use of university faculty time and allocating it to various tasks can be challenging since university teachers typically have a complex mix of different tasks that also often change. In this context, some Swedish universities have turned towards time management software solutions as tools for planning department activities. This paper describes the introduction of such a web-based time management system at a Swedish university, and reports from a system evaluation comprising interviews with department leaders and staff planners. The empirical material implies that the advent of time management systems in higher education give rise to challenges for academic leaders aiming for efficiency, transparency and control, while trying to maintain flexibility and autonomy among faculty members.

  • 17.
    Skog, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Söderlund, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Virtual information representation1999In: Proceedings of the 22nd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia” (IRIS 22): Enterprise Architectures for Virtual Organisations / [ed] Timo K. Käkölä, Jyväskylä: Jyväskylä University Printing House , 1999, p. 191-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern information technology provides new techniques for information visualization and communication. These new advanced visualization techniques make it possible to present large amounts of information by using virtual models.

    The purpose of this paper is to study virtual information representation and its consequences. This is done through an experiment in which the use of a traditional visualization technique is compared with the use of an advanced technique. A house was described to different persons either by drawings or by a VR-model. Depending on which technique that was being used to present the house to a single person, he or she later described the house in a certain way, pointing out specific aspects of the house and its appearance. It was obvious that the different techniques gave rise to different experiences and these differences could be categorized under the four headings; Language, Aesthetics, Spatial perception and Functionality. The VR-model generated strong emotions within the users and as a result they described the house using an artistic language, mentioning aspects of the house that had more to do with its aesthetic features than with its functionality. The users of the VR-model also demonstrated an incomplete spatial perception whereas the users of the drawings showed a very accurate knowledge.

    We find these results very important since the use of advanced visualization techniques is likely to increase. More studies are probably needed in order to achieve a greater understanding of these new techniques and the consequences of virtual information representation.

1 - 17 of 17
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