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  • 1.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Arbetslinjen i fokus. En analys av flykting- och etableringspolitiken.2015Ingår i: Book of Abstracts FALF 2015 Conference, 10-12 June 2015, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I december 2010 sjösattes en ny reform för flyktingmottagandet i Sverige: Lagen om etableringsinsatser förvissa nyanlända (2009/10:197). Ett övergripande syfte med flyktingpolitiken är att ingen ska hamna i utanförskap,och därför fokuseras i reformen snabb arbetsmarknadsetablering genom betoningen på aktivering. Denna aktiveringspolitik återfinns i stora dela av Europa och inbegriper ’Welfare to work’, ett skifte från enpassiv välfärdslogik till en aktiv sådan för att förhindra beroende och passivitet främst för grupper som anses stå långt ifrån arbetsmarknaden. Den svenska versionen av en aktiv arbetsmarknadspolitik brukar benämnassom ”arbetslinje” och har ett tydligt fokus på att genom olika strategier stimulera alla med arbetsförmåga till sysselsättning. Dessa strategier kan handla om att öka anställbarhet men kan också innefatta villkorade ersättningar eller olika slags prestationsbelönande system.Syftet med presentationen är att beskriva hur etableringsinsatser för nyanlända legitimerar en arbetslinje i integrationen av flyktingar och deras anhöriga och hur flyktingen som subjekt konstrueras som en aktiv arbetare. Två centrala dokument, SOU 2008:58 och Regeringens proposition 2009/10:60, i vilken den nya lagen ingår, har analyserats med inspiration av kritisk diskursanalys och Bacchis problemdefinition (1999). Genom att ställa frågor om vad som utgör problemet, vilka dess orsaker är och hur lösningar konstrueras, med fokus på flyktingen, framkommer argumenten för flyktingpolitiken och dess inramning. Resultat från diskursanalysen visar bl.a. att lagen vilar på en princip om att snabbt komma till någon form av sysselsättning ses som en överordnat mål för att förebygga ett möjligt utanförskap och bidragsberoende. Det finns idag en tydlig markering i dokumenten att individen måste anpassa sig till arbetsmarknadens krav ochefterfrågan, ta ansvar för sitt deltagande och sin försörjning. Våra analyser visar en tydlig förskjutning från att betrakta ”flyktingen” som kategori grundat i ett humanrättsligt erkännande med ett visst behov av särskildastödinsatser, till att ses som en arbetssökande där arbete är en rättighet såväl som en skyldighet.

  • 2. Aslan, Pinar
    et al.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    The Swedish Agency for Work Environment Expertise.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    What works? Family Influences on Occupational Aspirations among Descendants of Middle Eastern Immigrants on the Swedish Labour Market2019Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Social Research, ISSN 1892-2783, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 9, s. 134-160Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we examine family influences on occupational aspirations among employed descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. Using a qualitative approach, we conducted 21 semi-structured interviews with native-born descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. We present and analyse their interpretations of their parents’ experiences and living conditions before, during and after migration and demonstrate how these interpretations shaped their own occupational aspirations. We discuss parents’ high expectations of their children in relation to ethnic-community valuations of educational and occupational achievements. These high expectations may increase the chances of social mobility but can also become a negative pressure, especially if parents set high standards but cannot help their children to meet those expectations. In these cases, older siblings who possess valuable knowledge of the educational system and labour market can function as important transferrers of resources.

  • 3.
    Aslan, Pinar
    et al.
    Department of Social Work and Psychology, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Door Openers?: Public officials as supportive actors in the labour market participation of descendants of immigrants in Sweden2019Ingår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how employed descendants of immigrants in Sweden perceive that interactions with public officials have benefitted their occupational aspirations and attainments. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with twelve female and nine male descendants of immigrants, followed by an abductive thematic analysis. Applying a theoretical framework of social capital, we found three main influences of public officials from respondents’ perspectives: 1) connectedness, 2) supporting personal goals and focusing on possibilities, and 3) mediation of knowledge and information. We discuss and analyse the symbolic resources deriving from these influences, e.g. increased motivation and self-belief, and conceptualize these resources as social capital contributing to the occupational aspirations and attainments of immigrants’ descendants.

  • 4.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Hur fungerar skyddat boende?: Delrapport 2 från den nationella utvärderingen av regeringens insatser mot hedersrelaterat våld2007Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Regeringens insatser mot hedersrelaterat våld: en utvärdering om samverkansprojekt. Delrapport 12006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Nygren, Lennart
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Therese Halskovs tid vid Institutionen för socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet2011Ingår i: Socialt arbejde gennem 40 år 1970-2010: Rundt om Therese Halskov / [ed] Thomas P. Boje & Marianne Skytte, Köpenhamn: Socialpolitisk Forlag , 2011, 1, s. 95-104Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 7.
    Righard, Erica
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Social work and ethno-cultural diversity: historical development in Sweden2019Ingår i: Inequalities and migration: challenges for the Swedish welfare state / [ed] Sven Trygged, Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 1, s. 53-69Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 8.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ethnic and racial diversity in social work education: a study of curriculums in social work education in Sweden2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study presented is to investigate how ethnic and racial diversity is integrated into the literature and curriculum of social work programme in Sweden. The study is based on text analysis of curriculum development from the year 1967 – 2014. Sweden has had inflows of changing forms of migration, whereas 1970’s were dominated by labour-market immigrants, and later from 1980’s-2015’s by high inflows of refugee-immigrants.  These migration-flows impact on professional social work and challenge universities to enable the students to achieve theoretical and critical knowledge and skills needed to work for a sustainable future in an ethnic diverse population and clientele. The study raises questions about how development of content in Swedish social work programme has developed through the years in relation to a context of migration and professional claims of increasing social workers’ knowledge about ethnic and racial diversity. The study also raises questions about how ethnic relations are problematised, meaning what perspectives, what concepts, theories and practical methods are used in various time-periods to enable learning about ethnic diversity? Results show that course-content in terms of literature and other teaching material is poorly developed throughout the years, and ethnic and racial perspectives on social issues tend to be ‘side-lined’, thus not integrated into the general course-content. 

  • 9.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Etiska dilemman och interkulturell känslighet i kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer2009Ingår i: Att forska i socialt arbete: utman ingar, förhållningssätt och metoder, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, s. 197-227Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. social work.
    Fattiga migranter och "det yttersta ansvaret"2015Ingår i: Socialt arbete och migration / [ed] Norma Montesino & Erica Righard, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, s. 87-106Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Health and integration when receiving resettled refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia2010Ingår i: Resettled and included: The employment integration of resettled refugees in Sweden / [ed] Pieter Bevelander, Mirjam Hagström & Sofia Rönnqvist, Malmö: Malmö institute for studies of migration, diversity and welfare. Malmö university , 2010, s. 191-227Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    "Hela världen på vår tröskel": lokala reaktioner på en utlokaliserad flyktingförläggning2008Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes, conceptualizes and analyzes local reactions to the establishment of a refugee center in a small, remote mining community in Malmliden, rural Sweden, in the early 1990s. The purpose of the study was to explore and describe the local and wider contexts in which the reactions took place and to understand reactions in relation to these contexts. The study combined qualitative interviews, participant observation and the analysis of texts from different sources: daily press, historical and policy documents. Twenty-seven persons were included in the interview study (nineteen respondents and eight key infor-mants). Interviews with the nineteen respondents (nine men and ten women) were based on a semi-structured interview manual and were carried out during the winter of 1993 and the spring of 1994. Theo-retical frames and concepts were chosen in an elaborative way that was suitable for the empirical findings that gradually developed. In short, theoretical considerations that focus on social and political processes of inclusion and exclusion, ethnic relations and categorizations and the interplay between the social and the individual frame the analysis. The analysis is more closely informed by perspectives on how the atti-tudes toward the asylum seeker (as an immigrant but also as a welfare-state client), as a representation of “the other”, are socially produced.

    This study revealed that the inhabitants had dual reactions to the localized refugee center in Malm-liden. The reactions could neither be characterised as positive nor negative. They were summarized as ambivalent and were expressed spatially and socially. The spatial aspects include a number of inhabitants’ positive experiences of the refugee center as something that brought vitality to the slumbering neighbor-hood, while others thought of the refugee center as something disturbing and displaced. The social aspects involved a number of inhabitant’s embrace of the refugee center and the asylum seekers, whereas others distance themselves from the center and the refugees. While some inhabitants were enriched by the con-tact with asylum seekers, others dissociated themselves from the refugees and other inhabitants who were involved with the refugee centre. Some of the reactions were expressed as resistance. These reactions were mostly expressed latently, toward the authorities or local Policy makers and not directly toward the refugees or the refugee center The inhabitants blamed the establishment of the refugee center and those employed there for the poor state of things because they represented symbols of change and uncertainty. Therefore, initially the resistance could not be understood as rooted in emotional antipathy toward refu-gees as a (ethnic) group or as individuals, but rather as resistance against a perceived intrusion into the neighborhood autonomy. However, the strategies of the inhabitants were avoidance of contact with the refugee center and the stigmatization of the refugees. Therefore, the actions of resistance resulted in a racialization of place and ethnic segregation. The dual reactions of the inhabitants were contextual, and in which local as well as national circumstances played a considerable role in shaping the inhabitants’ experiences. At both national and local levels, the attitudes and practices directed toward asylum seekers and refugees were ambivalent. The reasons for the local acceptance of asylum seekers were ambivalent, and in which both actions of solidarity and economic considerations came into play. An external circum-stance influenced expectations and reactions to the refugee center was an ambivalent refugee policy which aimed to integrate the asylum seeker with a normalized habitat but with an institutional framing, which clearly made the asylum seeker into a client. Another external factor was the welfare state position of the asylum seeker, as he or she was positioned in an ambivalent juridical, social and political position. The overall conclusion is that the positions of the asylum seekers in the neighborhood of Malmliden were further stressed as welfare state clients and not as ordinary neighbors. A concluding image is that the contextual ambivalent positioning of the asylum seekers was reflected in the way the inhabitants regarded the asylum seekers as others in the neighborhood community.

  • 13.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The ’blue berry scandal' of 2010: Local Swedish welfare-state responses to seasonal migrant berry-pickers in distress2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The ‘blue berry scandal’ of 2010. Local Swedish welfare-state responses to seasonal migrant berry pickers in distress

     

    The berry picking season of 2010 ended up in a social tragedy which caused world wide attention. This is a case study on welfare-state responses, to Asian migrant berry pickers stranded in four municipalities in Sweden. The aim is to investigate the local welfare-state responses to and positioning of distressed berry pickers analyzed within a framework of intersecting migration- and welfare-regimes. How were welfare entitlements to (if any) and the political subjectivity of the berry pickers negotiated and practiced? How did the institutional practices position the berry pickers?Qualitative interviews were conducted of local politicians and social workers, a total number of 30 individuals.

    Findings; The berry pickers’ positions were shaped by the interplay of migration policy and welfare state practices.To some extent, local authorities supported the migrant workers temporarily. But in all cases the authorities did not anchoar the support in national law (not even in case of lawful practices), neither did they refer to universal conventions. Some of the local authorities rejected support referring to the clandestine position or non-citizenship of the berry pickers. Results indicates that migrant berry pickers are positioned in a grey zone of social rights as non-citizens. This zone is defined by a social rights gap constructed by the welfare state practices, distributing national welfare entitlements, based on citizenship, but also managing the presumed transnational universal human rights, which is not implemented in practice.

  • 14.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The Swedish Welfare-State's unnoticed helpers-Local support to Asian Seasonal Migrant Berry-pickers in distress2015Ingår i: Arbeit, Migration und Soziale Arbeit / [ed] T. Geisen, M. Ottersbach, Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden , 2015, s. 395-413Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Every summer and fall, thousands of seasonal migrant workers travel cross the world to pick berries in Scandinavia, led by the expectations of returning to the nation of residency with an improvement of their financial situation. The processes behind the migration-movement and berry-industry’s import of workers must partly be viewed through the lenses of globalisation of capital opening up for a global labour-market, but which also enforces global division of economy in which levels of global inequality continues to be high. Through temporary berry-picking labour in Sweden the migrant workers struggle to make improvements of their living-standard in their country of residency, while they simultaneously solve a quest for labour which the Swedes are reluctant to do.

  • 15.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Trauma, flyktingskap och funktionshinder2007Ingår i: Funktionshinder, kultur och samhälle, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2007, s. 125-147Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Unga kvinnor berättar om etablering2016Ingår i: Unga nyanländas etablering: verksamhetsexempel och ungas röster / [ed] Myndigheten för ungdoms och civilsamhällesfrågor, Stockholm: MUCF , 2016, s. 73-89Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Institutionen för socialt arbete, Umeå universitet.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Making Refugees Work?: Individualized Work Strategies in the Swedish Refugee Settlement Program2018Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, nr S4, s. 47-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden and elsewhere, work strategies have gained greater significance in social policy, and now also in settlement programs for refugees. This article addresses the level of practice of the refugee settlement program in Sweden, which previously emphasized ‘support’ and ‘social responsibility’, but now emphasizes ‘activation’ and ‘individual responsibility’. Through an analysis of interviews and individual action plans, we investigate how activation is put into practice in the work activities of refugee settlement and how employment officials and refugees articulate and experience the role that activation plays in refugees’ integration processes. The conclusion drawn is that activation is a central feature, but it involves conditionalizing elements that are used as the means to emphasize ‘work’ as the route to integration and to keep the ‘less employable’ refugees activated. The activation techniques applied require refugees to demonstrate that they are taking responsibility for their integration process and for increasing their employability

  • 18.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Responsibilisation of refugees – discourses and practices in the Swedishsettlement programme for refugees2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Swedish experience of sheltered housing and conflicting theories in use with special regards to honour related violence (HRV)2010Ingår i: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 245-259Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One aspect of violence against women and children is what is referred to as honour related violence. Honour related violence (HRV) is a form of violence which is now on the agenda in several countries as a violation of human rights. From 2002 the Swedish government started paying serious attention to this issue. The aim of this paper is to present the Swedish government programme dealing with HRV with special focus on sheltered housing as the prevalent measure to safeguard victims of HRV. Our results indicate that sheltered housing without doubt plays an important role for victims in the sense of providing short term safety. Notwithstanding the adequacy of sheltered housing as a means to provide support and safety, the outcome of the support is ambivalent in the long run. Our qualitative interviews of girls with previous experiences of staying at sheltered housing demonstrate the risk of the practice, turning one kind of control and isolation into another kind. The ambivalence of sheltered housing is further analysed in terms of conflicting logics of social work practices reflecting the Swedish conflicting discourses on HRV.

  • 20.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Mešić, Nedžad
    Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle, Linköpings Universitet.
    Bärplockarna, utsattheten och de frivilliga krafterna2018Ingår i: Manifest för ett socialt arbete i tiden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Philip Lalander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, s. 251-266Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skandaler kring bärplockningen har avlöst varandra. "Dåliga bärår" har vid upprepade tillfällen fått katastrofala konsekvenser för migrantarbetare från olika länder. I följderna av de strandsatta plockarnas utsatthet har de nationalstatliga ramarna för välfärdsstatens och det sociala arbetets ansvarstagande blottlagts. I det vakuum som uppstått till följd av bärindustrins oansvar och myndigheters ovilja, har frivilliga krafter trätt in och tagit ansvar för utnyttjade arbetares livs- och arbetssituation och agerat som välfärdssamhällets visselblåsare. Trots de initiativ som tagits för att undvika att liknande situationer upprepas, så pekar mycket på att den globala arbetsmarknadens risker för exploatering och det nationella välfärdssystemets sprickor gör att detta är ett problem som kommer att återkomma. Ett förväntat prisfall på bär föranleder frågan: vilka träder in för plockarnas sak när nästa kris är ett faktum?

  • 21.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Montesino, Norma
    Malmö högskola, institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö högskola, institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ethnic relations and academic curriculum in the formation of social workers in Sweden: a research project2013Ingår i: TSG-Trabajo Social Global_Global Social Work-GSW, Vol. 3, nr 5, s. 76-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Place, space and pace: Spatial conflicts in a small remote mining town related to the establishment of a refugee reception centre2003Ingår i: Norsk tidsskrift for migrasjonsforskning, ISSN 1502-4008, E-ISSN 1890-7016, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 99-113Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 23.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Righard, Erica
    Malmö högskola.
    Responses to ethnic and 'racial' diversity in social work practice: The swedish development in a historical perspective2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Responses to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity in social work practice – The Swedish development in historical perspective 

    Social work responses to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity varies over time and between places. In some countries it is mainstreamed; in others it tends instead to be side-lined to ‘cultural experts’ and ‘culturally matched’ social workers. The existing – but very limited – research drawing on the situation in Sweden, suggests that in Sweden ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity tend to be side-lined. This is typically understood as related to the universal and extended Scandinavian welfare state regime that frames social work practices; universalism seems to emphasize universal standards in front of particularism. The universal standards assume that the legislative and theoretical framework are so called (culturally) ‘neutral’. In practice this sometimes equals ‘colour or ethnic blindness’ with ‘whiteness’ as present but invisible. This presentation contributes to this research field, analysing how different meanings given to ethnic and ‘racial’ diversity in social work have developed over time in Sweden. 

    The empirical material is drawn from the main Swedish professional journal of social work (Socionomen). The journal is considered an important platform for debating social work practice in Sweden and has existed for almost sixty years. We have systematically searched all issues from the first publication in 1958 up until 2014. Methodologically we rely on text and content analysis. This includes how issues on ethnic relations are presented, framed and what particular words that are used. This implies an analysis of choices of words and representations which carry underlying assumptions about the issues addressed. By way of analysing the content of the debates in this journal, we can show the varying meaning that has been given to ethnic and ‘racial’ relations in Sweden over time.

    The analysis indicates that throughout the years, there is a paradoxical interest in the international dimension of social work. However, for many decades, international dimensions in social work was understood as something situated ‘there’, not ‘here’. While social work practice early on was understood as (culturally) neutral, from the 1970s cultural representations of the ‘other’ begin to appear. While the representations of the ‘other’ varies over time, the cultural representation of ‘whiteness’ remains invisible. Hence, this study supports earlier studies arguing that the ethnic and ‘racial’ relations are side-lined in social work in Sweden. Its particular contribution lies in that it highlights how this has shifted over time. 

     

  • 24.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Problematising refugee migrants in the Swedish forestry sector2019Ingår i: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 63-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, ideas behind current Swedish efforts to integrate refugees in ‘green’ industries are analysed. We ask why the employment of refugees in forestry, a sector historically and globally notorious for its abuse of migrant workers, has come to be regarded as a solution in official Swedish migration policy. A discourse analytical approach is applied, analysing what the arguments are for introducing refugees to forestry work and how the forest, as a space, is depicted and used discursively as a means for refugee integration. The sources for the analyses consist of articles appearing in the printed press from 2015 to 2017. Three main problem discourses are identified: the ‘labour shortage’ discourse, the ‘refugees in need of work’ discourse and the ‘forest as a health-promoting learning environment’ discourse. The hazardous aspects of forestry work or the fact that refugees might be overqualified for the jobs offered are generally left unproblematised.

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