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  • 1.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Mårald, Gunilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Snellman, Marie-Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Utvärdering av statens nya modell för fördelning av medel för kvalitetsutveckling av arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor, barn som bevittnat våld och våldsutövare: Slutrapport2015Report (Other academic)
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  • 2.
    Mårald, Gunilla
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Snellman, Marie-Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Utvärdering av utvecklingsmedel för kvalitetsutveckling av arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor, barn som bevittnat våld och våldsutövare: Delrapport 12014Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Snellman, Marie-Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Conformity and resistance in older women´s life stories2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main obejctive of the presentation is to highlight aspects of conformity and resistance as described in older women's oral life stories. The life stories are part of an ongoing dissertation project, at the Department of social work, Umea university, Sweden. The data consists of ten women's life stories, aged 75 to 85, living in the rural countryside in the county of Vasterbotten in northern Sweden and the region of Ostrobothnia on the west coast of Finland. The meaning of old age cannot be separated from the rest of the course of a person's life, and by conducting life story interviews ageing as a process is emphasised. Life stories not only give us information about the individual, but also about cultural and societal conditions in two similar, but still different countries. Hence, the purpose of the presentation is to make visible women's diverse circumstances during life course, at both a structural and individual level, and how these are articulated through different strategies of adaptation and/or opposition.

     

    The women taking part in the study are all born and raised in an agrarian community. During the women's life course the society has undergone many transformations. The Second World War, modernisation and the development of the welfare state are some of the changes that have taken place during their life course, as well as reassessment about women's work and family life. Despite many similarities between the two countries, there are also disparities that must be considered when trying to understand and interpret the life stories of these women. The national economical conditions after the Second World War were completely different, which has also influenced political and ideological attitudes and values about men's and women's responsibilities and positions. How such circumstances have shaped strategies of conformity and resistance used by women in different situations, concerning i.e education, work and relationships is therefore of interest to investigate. 

  • 4.
    Snellman, Marie-Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Det är ju inte hela tiden bara lycka heller": äldre kvinnors berättade liv- om arbete, omsorg och åldrande i landsbygdsmiljö2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though ageing in Western society has been a major issue in research and politics in recent years, there is still a distinct lack of knowledge about elderly people and their experiences. As much of the ongoing research has focused mainly on the oldest of the old and elderly people in need of public care, research about elderly people in general is needed. Ageing in a rural environment is of interest, because research about the elderly and ageing generally concerns urban areas. The study of old women has grown during the last decades in the academic fields of social gerontology and feminist studies. Older women’s disadvantaged position has been highlighted from a structural perspective. This knowledge needs to be combined with knowledge from a micro level in order to make other experiences of being an older woman visible.

    The importance of considering ageing as an integral part of life has been stressed by social gerontological research during the last decades. The focus of this thesis is the life stories of ten women aged between 75 and 85 years of age. The study has two main aims: firstly, to analyse the diverse meanings involved in being a woman who was born between 1920 and 1930, and lives in the Swedish or Finnish rural countryside. Secondly, the aim is to highlight and analyse how caring is reflected in the women’s stories about their lives. A broad understanding of caring as a fundamental condition for human existence is stressed in the thesis.

    Life stories are never complete, nor do they cover the totality of a life lived. The life story is a story told from a certain perspective in a specific situation and the meaning in the life stories is produced through interaction with the researcher. The women who participated in the study have lived their lives through major societal transformations. Historical events that have affected women’s rights, possibilities and conditions, have served as a framework for understanding the women’s life stories in a wider context. Structural and individual conditions have been taken into account, and indicate that the enabling and limiting conditions are both multi-dimensional and vary from individual to individual. A contextual framing is needed to understand expressions of care in the life stories. The life stories make visible caring as changeable; caring is carried out differently in different contexts and situations. An extended understanding of caring makes it possible to gain additional insights into meaningful expressions of caring during the life course, and these insights reach beyond conventional definitions in theories on caring.

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  • 5.
    Snellman, Marie-Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Obetalt arbete och kontext i äldre kvinnors livsberättelser2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett övergripande syfte med presentationen är att lyfta fram kvinnors obetalda arbete, såsom det framträder i fritt formulerade livsberättelser av kvinnor födda på 1920-talet och boendes på landsbygden, i Västerbotten i Sverige och Österbotten i Finland. Materialet ingår i ett avhandlingsprojekt vid Institutionen för socialt arbete och inom ramen för Genusforskarskolan vid Umeå universitet. Materialet, insamlat åren 2004-2005, består av tio kvinnors muntliga livsberättelser, berättade vid två olika tillfällen. Utgångspunkten är att livsberättelser inte bara ger kunskap om den enskilda individen, utan att de även kan förstås i ett kulturellt och samhälleligt perspektiv. Därmed är avsikten med presentationen att synliggöra hur kvinnornas villkor och förutsättningar under livet har sett olika ut i de båda länderna, samt på vilket sätt detta avspeglar sig i hur det obetalda arbetet framträder i livsberättelserna. Utöver detta är syftet med presentationen också att belysa hur det obetalda arbetet tar sig uttryck, med utgångspunkt i olikartade livssituationer och familjeförhållanden. Vilka skillnader och likheter finns i förhållande till obetalt arbete, beroende av om man levt sitt liv som ogift och ensamstående, eller som gift i en traditionell kärnfamilj? Vilka skillnader och likheter finns mellan kvinnorna i de båda länderna?

     

    Kvinnorna som ingår i studien är alla födda under en tid då det agrara inslaget i samhället fortfarande var stort, både i Sverige och Finland. Deras liv har präglats av att samhället genomgått stora omvälvande förvandlingar. Krigstiden, samhällets modernisering och utvecklandet av välfärdsstaten, samt omvärderingar i synen på kvinnors förvärvsarbete och familjelivet är exempel på förändringar som skett under deras livstid. Trots många likheter i den utveckling som skett i Sverige och Finland, finns även skillnader som bör synliggöras i förståelsen av kvinnornas livsberättelser. Det finländska samhället drabbades hårt av krigen under 1930- och 1940-talet. Förutsättningarna för de båda ländernas samhällsuppbyggnad efter kriget var helt olikartade. Finland förblev länge ett agrart land, där moderniseringen och effektiviseringen av jordbruket, välfärdssamhällets utbyggnad samt den fortsatta industrialiseringen fördröjdes. Sverige upplevde däremot en stark ekonomisk utveckling under efterkrigsåren. De olikartade samhällsekonomiska utgångspunkterna har även fått konsekvenser för politiska och ideologiska förhållningssätt och värderingar gällande mäns och kvinnors uppgifter och positioner i samhället. I relation till detta är det intressant att studera hur det obetalda arbetet synliggörs i kvinnornas livsberättelser överlag, men också utifrån deras olikartade civilrättsliga positioner i en viss social(historisk) kontext. 

  • 6.
    Snellman, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Mårald, Gunilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Utvärdering av utvecklingsmedel för kvalitetsutveckling av arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor, barn som bevittnat våld och våldsutövare: Delrapport 22014Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
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