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  • 1.
    Bengs, Carita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Pensionspreferenser och motiv till arbete efter 65 bland personal inom hälso- och sjukvården: kvalitativa analyser av arbetsrelaterade faktorers påverkan på pensionspreferenser samt motiv till och erfarenheter av ett förlängt arbetsliv2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet ”Nycklar till ett längre arbetsliv. Individuella och organisatoriska perspektiv” är ett av FORTE finansierat forskningsprojekt som startade hösten 2014 som ett samverkansprojekt med personalenheten vid Västerbottens läns landsting (VLL). Projektet, som baseras på olika enkätundersökningar, studerar medarbetares syn på pensionsålder (pensionspreferenser) och hur olika arbetsrelaterade faktorer påverkar pensionspreferenser och motivationen att arbeta längre. Projektet har bestått av tre olika delstudier. Delstudie ett baseras på kvantitativa analyser av en enkät riktad till samtliga medarbetare från 55 år och uppåt kring önskad tidpunkt för pension. Studien utgår från teoretiska bestämningar av arbetsvillkor och arbetsmiljö och dess effekt på pensionspreferensen. Delstudie två baseras på kvalitativa analyser av fritextsvar från samma enkät kring de arbetsrelaterade motiv som medarbetare angett i relation till sin pensionspreferens. De kvalitativa analyserna kompletterar de kvantitativa fynden genom att medarbetarna själva definierar motiven till sin pensionspreferens. Delstudie tre studerar erfarenheter av och motiv till att fortsätta arbeta efter 65 års ålder. Studien baseras på kvalitativa analyser av fritextsvar från en enkät riktade till medarbetare som arbetar efter 65 års ålder. I föreliggande rapport redovisas resultaten från de två kvalitativt orienterade studierna. Rapporten inleds med en kort bakgrund till forskningsprojektet därefter presenteras de övergripande resultaten från de två fristående delstudierna tillsammans med återkopplingar till tidigare forskning på området. Rapporten avslutas med ett kort diskussionsavsnitt där de två studiernas resultat relateras till varandra och till de implikationer resultaten kan ha för organisationen.

  • 2.
    Edlund, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hälsoutvecklingen i Sverige 1975-2001: en latent klusteranalys2003In: Välfärd och ofärd på 90-talet / [ed] Jochim Vogel, Stockholm: SCB , 2003, p. 161-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Edlund, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hälsoutvecklingen i Sverige 1980 - 20012005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 1, p. 27-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Edlund, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ohälsan ökar - färre helt friska2004In: Välfärd, ISSN 1651-6710, no 1, p. 18-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Halleröd, Björn
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Dept Sociology & Work Life Science.
    Örestig, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Leaving the labour market: the impact of exit routes from employment to retirement on health and wellbeing in old age2013In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 25-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study analyses whether and to what degree specific routes into retirement affect older people, i.e. the relationship between heterogeneous exit patterns and post-retirement health and wellbeing. We used longitudinal data from two points in time; data related to t 0 were collected in 1993, 1994, 1995 and 1996 and data related to t 1 were collected in 2002 and 2003 (N = 589). We focused on older people (55+ at t 1) who were employed at t 0 and retired at t 1. We used confirmative factor analysis to identify identical measures of health and wellbeing at both t 0 and t 1. Hence, we were able to control for pre-retirement health and wellbeing when evaluating the effects of different exit routes. These routes were defined as dependence on incomes from sickness benefit, disability pension, part-time pension, unemployment insurance and active labour market programmes. Our initial structural equation model showed a clear relation between exit routes and post-retirement wellbeing. People who prior to retirement were pushed into social benefit programmes related to health and unemployment were significantly worse off as retirees, especially those with health-related benefits. However, these relationships disappeared once pre-retirement wellbeing was added to the model. Our main conclusion is that post-retirement wellbeing first and foremost is a consequence of accumulation of advantages and disadvantages during the life course. Both labour market exit routes and post-retirement wellbeing can be seen as outcomes of this process. There are no independent effects of the retirement process. Judging from our findings, there is no reason to believe that involvement in social security programmes allowing early retirement on health grounds has any additional negative consequences for health and wellbeing.

  • 6.
    Hult, Carl
    et al.
    School of Social Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Age, policy changes and work orientation: comparing changes in commitment to paid work in four European Countries2009In: Journal of Population Ageing, ISSN 1874-7884, E-ISSN 1874-7876, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 101-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to ageing populations and a future shortage of labour active people, there is a political ambition to prolong people’s work force activities in Europe. The question of this paper is to what degree policy changes aimed at prolonging people’s working lives have been successful in influencing peoples’ commitment to paid work during the studied period of time? The age patterns of non-financial employment commitment (EC) and organisational Commitment (OC) are examined from the perspective of policy changes in four European countries, using ISSP-data collected in 1997 and 2005 from Denmark, Great Britain, Hungary and Sweden. Because of hypothesised country and group differences in visibility and proximity of policy measures taken to increase labour market participation among older workers, Danish and Swedish people were expected to display some degree of general and intended attitudinal response to the policy changes and that the British and Hungarian response would be more gender divided. The results showed that policy changes overall had little intended effect on people’s attitudes to work. Instead, EC dropped dramatically in Hungary for all men from the age of 30 and over, and for Swedish men and Danish women in the 45–53 age group. OC decreased for Swedish men in the age 54 and over, and for Danish women in the 45–53 age group. The main exceptions were British and Hungarian women that displayed unchanged or even an increase in EC in the age group 54 and over.

  • 7.
    Hult, Carl
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Janlert, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Järvholm, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Comparing mortality rates and recognizing health selection bias: A response to Wallman and Svärdsudd2010In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 70, no 10, p. 1489-1491Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Hult, Carl
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Janlert, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Järvholm, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Timing of retirement and mortality: A cohort study of Swedish construction workers2010In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 70, no 10, p. 1480-1486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies indicate that early retirement per se may have a negative effect on health to such an extent that it increases mortality risk. One type of early retirement often referred to in these studies is retirement with disability pension/benefit. Given the overall objective of disability benefit programmes - to help the disabled live socially and economically satisfactory lives, freed from exposure to employment health hazards and thus avoid further declines in health - the finding is challenging. This paper examined the relationship between timing of retirement and mortality using a cohort of Swedish construction workers. The mortality risk of disability pensioners - excluding those with diagnoses normally connected to increased mortality - was compared with the risk of those continuing to work. Although initial indications were in line with earlier results, it became obvious that the increased mortality risk of disability pensioners did not depend on early retirement per se but on poor health before early retirement not explicitly recognized in the diagnosis on which the disability pension rested. The results indicate that there are no general differences in mortality depending on timing of retirement. Future studies of mortality differences arising from working or not working must sufficiently control for health selection effects into the studied retirement paths.

  • 9.
    Höög, J
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Stattin, M
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Early retirement in Sweden 1988-1998 - the case of the disability pesioners2005Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Järvholm, Bengt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Robroek, Suzan JW
    Janlert, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Karlsson, Bernt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Burdorf, Alex
    Heavy work and disability pension: a long term follow-up of Swedish construction workers2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 335-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of disability pensions over time among workers with physically demanding jobs.

    METHODS: The occurrence of disability pension was prospectively studied between 1980-2008 among 325 549 Swedish construction workers. The risks for disability pension and years lost of working life were compared among 22 occupational groups, adjusting for age, body mass index, height, and smoking habits.

    RESULTS: The risk varied considerably among blue-collar workers. For example, rock workers had double the risk of disability pension [relative risk (RR) 2.16, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.96-2.39] compared to electricians. Most working years lost due to disability pensions (about 75%) were found among men >50 years, mainly due to musculoskeletal and cardiovascular diseases. The years of working life lost due to disability pension varied from 0.7 (salaried employees) to 3.2 years (rock workers) among occupational groups.

    CONCLUSION: Work environment is an important predictor for disability pension among construction workers with those in physically heavy jobs having the highest burden of disability. If the purpose is to increase labor force participation for workers with heavy jobs, strategies to reduce physical demands at work among elderly workers are important.

  • 11.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Pensionering och välbefinnande - betydelsen av pensionsorsak och inflytande2006In: Äldres levnadsförhållanden: Arbete, ekonomi, hälsa och sociala nätverk 1980-2003, Statistiska centralbyrån , 2006, p. 89-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Psychosocial wellbeing and reasons for retirement in Sweden2009In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 413-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the increased heterogeneity of the transition from work to retirement, this study aimed to analyse the associations between different reasons for retirement and psychosocial wellbeing as a pensioner. The study used data from the Swedish Panel Survey of Ageing and the Elderly (PSAE), a nationally representative survey of the living conditions of older people in Sweden. The results show that almost one-half of all pensioners cited health problems as a contributory reason for ceasing work. Furthermore, those who retired for ‘push’ reasons, such as health problems or labour market factors, experienced lower psychosocial wellbeing than those who retired for other reasons. Moreover, the results show that those who were able to influence the time of their retirement enjoyed better psychosocial wellbeing than those who had little or no opportunity to do so. This was true when controlling for other factors relevant to the wellbeing of pensioners. The results lend support to the argument that, if a man's retirement is instigated because his skills are no longer required, there will be a decidedly negative effect on his wellbeing – and that this effect is stronger than the equivalent impact on a woman's wellbeing. In relation to previous findings in this field, the results make it clear that retirement is far from a uniform process or state.

  • 13.
    Robroek, Suzan
    et al.
    Research Group Occupational Health Department om public Health Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Schuring, M
    Croezen, S
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Burdorf, A
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics influence pathways of exit from paid employment among older workers in Europe: a four year follow-up study2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 125-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives The aim of this study was to get insight into the role of poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics on exit from paid employment due to disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement among older workers.

    Methods Respondents of the longitudinal Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) in 11 European countries were selected when (i) aged between 50 years and the country-specific retirement age, and having (ii) paid employment at baseline and (iii) information on employment status during the 4-year follow-up period (N=4923). Self-perceived health, health behaviors, and physical and psychosocial work characteristics were measured by interview at baseline. Employment status was derived from follow-up interviews after two and four years. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to identify determinants of unemployment, disability pension, and early retirement.

    Results Poor health was a risk factor for disability pension [hazard ratio (HR) 3.90, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.51–6.05], and a lack of physical activity was a risk factor for disability pension (HR 3.05, 95% CI 1.68–5.55) and unemployment (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.13–3.01). A lack of job control was a risk factor for disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement (HR 1.30–1.77).

    Conclusions Poor health, a lack of physical activity, and a lack of job control played a role in exit from paid employment, but their relative importance differed by pathway of labor force exit. Primary preventive interventions focusing on promoting physical activity as well as increasing job control may contribute to reducing premature exit from paid employment.

  • 14.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    De äldre och arbete - externalisering eller integration, arbete eller exit?2005In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 13-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den äldre arbetskraften - deltagande, attityder och arbetsförhållanden: (Should I stay or should I go?)2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Pension preferences and work environment2009In: Promotion of Work Ability towards Productive Aging: Selected papers of the 3rd International Symposium on Work Ability, Hanoi, Vietnam, 22-24 October 2007 / [ed] Kumashiro, Masaharu, CRC Press , 2009, p. 143-154Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Pensionspreferenser och arbetsvillkor bland den äldre arbetskraften2006In: Äldres levnadsförhållanden: Arbete, ekonomi, hälsa och sociala nätverk 1980-2003, Statistiska centralbyrån , 2006, p. 73-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Retirement on grounds of ill health2005In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 62, p. 135-140Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Yrke, yrkesförändring och utslagning från arbetsmarknaden: en studie av relationen mellan förtidspension och arbetsmarknadsförändring1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this thesis is to analyse if and to what extent changes in the labour market can be regarded as a factor influencing the risk of becoming a disabil­ity pensioner. Disability pension is a social security program operating in the nexus of work and welfare and is provided to people who, due to medical reasons, are limited in their work ability. The data material analysed consists of information about all individuals who received disability pension in 1988 (54 000) and 1993 (62 000) in Sweden. Samples fremi the non-pensioner population formed control- groups. The data collected covers mainly social and occupational background of the individuals.

    The first step in the analyses addressed the question of causes of disability pen­sion in general. This part showed that the causes must be seen in a multifactorial perspective. Individual, structural and institutional factors have significant impact on the relative risk of becoming a disability pensioner. An increased relative risk was associated with low educational background, immigration and broken marriages. However, the variables that had the strongest effect were age, health and position in the labour market i.e. social class and occupation. It became obvious that one im­portant mechanism explaining the impact of occupation was exposition of work environment conditions.

    The second step in the analyses focused on labour market change as a risk-factor. The results showed a negative correlation between employment change rates and disability pension. Individuals in occupations and industries with decreasing num­ber of emplyoees had an increased relative risk. It became clear that especially un­skilled workers and employees with a peripheral position were affected by this factor. This was especially true for women. The female labour market is to a large extent dependent on the public service sector and the reductions within this sector have resulted in an increased frequency of disability pensioning.

    To conclude, the study has shown that disability pension in Sweden is deeply embedded in the labour market and the occupational structure in Sweden. This can be explained both as a consequence of characteristics that accompany certain posi­tions at the labour market and as an effect of how the labour market develops.

  • 20.
    Stattin, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Fors, Filip
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Arbete, pensionering och hälsa bland äldre i Europa2016In: Utblick: Sverige i en internationell jämförelse / [ed] Filip Fors och Jenny Olofsson, Umeå: Sociologiska Institutionen, Umeå Universitet , 2016, p. 119-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Stattin, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Järvholm, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Enviromental Medicine.
    Occupation, work environment, and disability pension: A prospective study of construction workers2005In: Scand J Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 84-90Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Stattin, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The labour market in agening Sweden: lifecourse influences on workforce participation2015In: Population ageing from a lifecourse perspective: critical and international approaches / [ed] Kathrin Komp & Stina Johansson, Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, p. 203-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23. Söderberg, Mia
    et al.
    Mannelqvist, Ruth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Järvholm, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Schiöler, Linus
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Impact of changes in welfare legislation on the incidence of disability pension. A cohort study of construction workers2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, article id 1403494818754747Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: Study objectives were to investigate how changes in social insurance legislation influenced the incidence of disability pension.

    METHODS: The study included 295,636 male construction workers who attended health examinations between 1971 and 1993, aged 20-60 years and without previous disability pension. Via the Swedish National Insurance Agency national register we identified 66,046 subjects who were granted disability pension up until 2010. The incidence rates were calculated and stratified according to age and diagnosis.

    RESULTS: The incidence rate of disability pension was fairly stable until the 1990s when large variations occurred, followed by a strong decreasing trend from the early 2000s to 2010. Trends in incidence rates, stratified by age and diagnosis, showed a consistent decrease in cardiovascular disease for all age groups. In subjects aged 30-49 years there was a high peak around 2003 for musculoskeletal diseases and psychiatric diseases. For the age group 50-59 years, musculoskeletal diagnosis, the most common cause of disability pension, had a sharp peak around 1993 and then a decreasing trend. In the 60-64 age group, the incidence rate for psychiatric diagnosis was stable, while incidence rates for musculoskeletal diagnosis varied during the 1990s.

    CONCLUSIONS: There are considerable variations in the incidence rate of disability pension over time, with different patterns depending on age and diagnosis. Changes in social insurance legislation, as well as in administration processes, seem to influence the variation.

  • 24.
    Vogel, Joachim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Äldres sysselsättning och arbetsmiljö2006In: Äldres levnadsförhållanden: Arbete, ekonomi, hälsa och sociala nätverk 1980-2003, Statistiska centralbyrån , 2006, p. 49-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Örestig, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Retirement preferences before and after pension reform: Evidence from a Swedish natural experimentManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the change of retirement preferences in the Swedish work force between 2002/2003 (t0) and 2010/2011 (t1). In 2003 a new pension system was introduced in Sweden. A central aim was to postpone retirement. Work incentives were strengthened by linking benefits more closely to the individual’s labour market participation. Also, older workers were given the right to work until age 67 which meant that age 65 was abandoned as the statutory age of retirement.

    Drawing on cross-sectional data from the PSAE surveys in t0 and t1, the aim of the paper is to examine how retirement preferences developed between the time when the new system was about to be introduced and a time when it had been set in place. The study design has the character of a natural experiment. The main results show that there was substantial change in how retirement preferences were distributed in the two time-points.

    In general, the 55–64 year-olds in t1 preferred to retire later than the same age group did in t0. The share of the older workforce which preferred to retire beyond 65 doubled and the increase was clustered around age 67. Most strikingly, this pattern applies to most sub-categories. Even those who reported poor health and poor work environment preferred to retire later in t1 than the corresponding category did in the preceding time-point. The results indicate that the strengthened work incentives and public campaigns to raise awareness of them have had a general impact on the older workforce in Sweden. The strong increase in age 67 as a preferred exit age indicates that the norm of suitable exit age is being delayed from 65 to 67.

  • 26.
    Örestig, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A wish come true?: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Relationship between Retirement Preferences and the Timing of Retirement2013In: Journal of Population Ageing, ISSN 1874-7884, E-ISSN 1874-7876, ISSN 1874-7884, Vol. 6, no 1-2, p. 99-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the relationship between retirement preferences, expressed as preferred retirement age, and actual retirement age in Sweden. The data were drawn from the Swedish Panel Survey of Ageing and the Elderly (PSAE). The PSAE was fielded in 2002 and 2003 with the aim of mapping living conditions of older people in Sweden. The data, which have a powerful longitudinal component, cover a broad spectrum of welfare indicators such as health, daily activities, social interactions, labour market and working conditions, and attitudes towards and experiences of retirement. Cox regression analysis was employed to explore whether and to what extent retirement preferences had any impact on actual retirement age. The results imply that retirement preferences do represent, in relation to other known key factors, an isolated influence on retirement patterns. The introduction of time-dependent variables strengthened this argument by showing how the “hazard” for the timing of retirement varied during the study period: those who preferred to retire close the end point of the study period were more likely to retire at this time than those who preferred to retire after the end of the study period and those who preferred to retire at the beginning of the study period. The results also indicated that the categories that wished to retire close to the beginning of the study period were more likely to retire at this point of time. The study thus provides empirical support for those researchers, debaters and policymakers who have addressed the importance of changing preferences towards later retirement in order to prolong working life.

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