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  • 1.
    Fahlén, Josef
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Joakim, Joakim
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Ferry, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Aktivitetskort på nätet: en studie av förändrade rutiner för verksamhetsrapportering och dess konsekvenser för föreningslivet2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Unravelling Meritocracy: Inclusion and Exclusion in Recruiting Academics2018Ingår i: Abstracts: Inclusion and Exclusion, Resources for Educational Research?, EERA, European Educational Research Association , 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ContributionFew things in organizations are as clearly including or excluding as recruitment procedures. Through these often standardized methods of selection between candidates for a position, an employer chooses who is believed to be up for the task and who is not. Research on candidate selection is almost exclusively prescriptive. However, there is wide recognition that the labour market and selection of employees is biased towards, for instance, class, gender and race (Horverak, et al., 2013; Moss-Racusin, et al., 2012). Even applicants seem to be aware of such biases (Morrison, 2014). Theoretically, this has been explained in terms of similarity-attraction of recruiters and employers (Graves & Powell, 1995) or a social “organisation fit” between the individual and the organisation (Dafou, 2009). However, little research exists on how selection is actually done in practice (Bolander & Sandberg, 2013) and even less from critical perspectives on how these power relations work in the practical recruitment settings of the workplace.

    This paper reports a case study of the academic context and the selection of Swedish full professors in Education. In Sweden, government directions from 2017 stipulate that all HEIs need to gender mainstream their organisations. Especially recruitment and career development is focused in the directions since the number of female full professors still are perceived to be too low (27%) (UKÄ, 2017). Previous gender equality studies of Swedish HE has shown a complexity in understanding how gender inequality in academia works (Haake, 2011; Silander, Haake & Lindberg, 2013).

    We chose this case of academia partly for our familiarity of context, but even more on the basis that academic recruitment professes to be, if not completely, as objective and meritocratic as possible. In addition, as independent experts are required to give a detailed argument for preferring one candidate over the other, we have access to documents laying out the reasons a person is considered more or less suited for a position. Hence, in the paper we ask the following research question: How is academic competence argued for and what are the ideals (normative principles) that guide these arguments? In what way could these principles be seen to include or exclude academics according to diversity measures like gender and ethnicity?   

    We use the theory of practice developed by Schatzki (2001) and operationalized to recruitment procedures by Lindberg and Rantatalo (2015). In this case, competence is an “inferred potential for desirable activity in a given practice”. This potential is dependent on a number of qualities that involved parts in the recruitment believe that the applicant possesses. These qualities are inferred through a series of symbolic representations in the application procedure (or at the workplace).

    By analysis of ideals, qualities and symbols, we add to the knowledge of this phenomenon. As meritocracy is often seen as something intrinsically good, we wish to critically examine how a meritocratic system works in terms of exclusion and inclusion. For instance, there are previous studies suggesting that meritocratic systems might be more biased than other systems (Castilla & Benard, 2010). Thus, we pay particular attention to how qualities and symbols might lead to subtle and unintentional discrimination of women and ethnic minorities. While there are studies on recruitment in academia, previous efforts have mostly been studied with the aid of bibliometrics or large quantitative materials. These studies show that gender (e.g. Castilla & Benard, 2010), ethnicity (Alon & Tienda, 2007) and class (Bozionelos, 2014) works as discriminatory factors in academia’s recruitment procedures. However, there is little insight in how and why this happens, which stresses the importance of qualitative studies on the arguments for selection of candidates in a highly meritocratic system.

    MethodTo study the recruitment of full Professors, our data collection includes document studies of 10 recruitment processes of full Professors within the field of Education at Swedish universities. More in detail, our selection targets ten recent recruitments processes in which there were more than two eligible candidates for a position. In relation to these processes, we analyse a ‘chain’ of policy documents that in different ways inform the procedure. Examples of documents include admission requirements from faculty, job advertisements furnished by HR, instructions to expert referee’s, and the written statements on each of the applicants based on the referees assessment of competencies. Due to a principle of public access in the public sector in Sweden, access to these documents is granted and each recruitment procedure involves a multitude of documents. Documents are analysed in two steps. In the first step, the concepts of symbols and qualities are used as a guiding analytical lens. We code the material based on applicants qualities, which we define as traits, abilities or dispositions of character that by expert referees are defined along the lines of being wanted (desirable) or less wanted/unwanted (undesirable). Furthermore, we analyse the associated symbols that relate to qualities. Symbols are, for the purpose of this study, defined as concrete manifestations of activities that exemplify qualities. For example, a trait such as being communicative (an often desirable quality for an applicant), can in a recruitment process be displayed by an applicant who can show participation in an extensive research community or who has many keynote presentations at scientific conferences (symbolisations of the quality). Working in this way, the objective of this analysis is to visualise how symbols relate to inferred qualities. In the second step of the analysis, the previously identified qualities and associated symbols are analysed in light of each other as constituents of practical ideals, which function to govern and socially differentiate applicants from each other in the given context. In sum, this study design gives insights into how subtle mechanisms of social differentiation lead to a potential inclusion or exclusion of applicants that displays certain competencies and dispositions of character. With this analysis as a basis, issues such as bias in the meritocratic recruitment process can be addressed.

    Expected OutcomesThis abstract reports on a study that is conducted during the spring of 2018 and from which a preliminary analysis will be presented during the 2018 ECER conference. Of interest is to see, among other things, how different skills relate to each other and how different dispositions of applicants’ character (qualities) are operationalized on a symbolic level. For instance, one question we aim to pursue is how “research skills” relate to “teaching skills” among applicants and how these skills are exemplified in applications. Both are described to be of equal importance for professorates (according to the document-chain until the expert reviews and rankings). Another interesting aspect is to see how concepts such as “quantity” and “quality” operate to differentiate applicants. Is the length of the publication list and productivity in form of most publications in shortest time (a symbol of competitiveness) favoured in relation to quality aspects of research? Furthermore, how are social dispositions among applicants valued as desirable/less desirable? For instance how are inferences made regarding what it means to be a good research leader or supervisor? From the results, a discussion of inclusion and exclusion of women and those of other ethnicity will be conducted.

  • 3.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Police leaders make poor change agents: leadership practice in the face of a major organisational reform2017Ingår i: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 27, nr 7, s. 764-778Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article examines expectations on police leaders during major organisational change pressures. Based on policy analysis and interviews with 28 police leaders, the paper seeks to answer the following question: How do police leaders' accounts of leadership practice relate to expectations from higher ranks (above), subordinates (below) and police policies concerning leadership? The results of the paper indicate that police leaders are squeezed into a position between demands from above (top  management) and demands from below (lower organisational tiers). Some of the perceived expectations and practiced leadership actions are also gendered. For example, women feel the need to prove their credibility as leaders and to act in both a caring and daring manner, something that is not evident for male police leaders. Furthermore, the material indicates a considerable mismatch between the different sets of demands expressed in interviews and expectations regarding leadership expressed in police policy discourse, wherein core values and leadership criteria are articulated. In conclusion, the findings indicate a discrepancy between official rhetoric and practice, where the leadership constructed at a policy level deviates from leadership constructed in practice. This discrepancy is argued to represent an effective barrier for change initiatives, and hence the idea that police leaders will be able to function as agents of change promoting organisational reform is highly uncertain.

  • 4.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Reality strikes back: discrepancies between police leadership policy and practice in times of uncertainty and organizational turmoil2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Landström, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    20 år med PBL vid juridiska institutionen2013Ingår i: Lärande för juridikens praktik: 20 år med PBL vid juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet / [ed] Lena Landström & Ola Lindberg, Umeå: Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2013, s. 11-18Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Pedagogik.
    'A doctor should know...': Learning competence or teaching knowledge in Medical Education2008Ingår i: ECER conference, Göteborg, Sweden, 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Gatekeepers of a profession?: Employability as capital in the recruitment of medical interns2013Ingår i: Journal of Education and Work, ISSN 1363-9080, E-ISSN 1469-9435, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 431-452Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article concerns employability in physicians? professional practice. Drawing on interview data from recruiters at 21 Swedish hospitals with the most applicants for a medical internship, the article seeks to develop a theory of what constitutes an ?employable medical intern?. Using Pierre Bourdieu?s concept of capital, two forms of capital were constructed using interview data, orientation toward performance and orientation toward human relations. Orientation toward performance concerns the applicants? drive and ambition, while orientation toward human relations concerns the applicants? social competence, primarily as co-workers. The study suggests that the most highly employable applicants successfully prove that they possess both forms of capital. These forms of capital are thought to involve sorting mechanisms in the process of recruitment as recruiters infer the desired attributes of applicants from a written application and a job interview. The concept of employability, as well as implications for professional socialisation, is examined and discussed in light of the findings.

  • 8.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    'Let me through, I'm a Doctor!': Professional Socialization in the Transition from Education to Work2012Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on four articles, this compilation thesis analyses the demonstrated com-petence defining a medical doctor, to the extent to which he or she acquires a high status and high level of employability in professional practice. Overall, the thesis aimed to describe and analyse professional socialization during doctors' transition from education to work. Questions addressed included how higher education should be understood as preparation for professional practice, how ideals of the future professional were conceived and how these ideals differenti-ated 'good' from 'bad' doctors in professional development and recruitment. The research employed a version of practice theory as its theoretical framework, developed with the aid of work by Pierre Bourdieu, Judith Butler, John Dewey and Theodore Schatzki. Throughout the individual studies, ideals were con-structed and understood as moral imperatives, stating how doctors are expected to perform in professional practice. Article I explored the ideals of academia and higher education practices in a general sense. In this study, the ideals involve the perceived function of higher education in relation to work. Three different and conflicting perspectives were constructed with the aid of a literature study. Arti-cle II was a survey investigation of how two cohorts (n=169) of recent graduates from a Swedish medical programme viewed their competence and the prepara-tion they received for work through the medical programme. The results show that graduates might be overly prepared from a knowledge perspective, while lacking in practical skills and preparation for difficult situations in the work-place. Article III investigated the ideals of the medical programme using an interview study with eight medical students and eight medical teachers. The ideals constructed show how conflicting ideals, such as strength and humility, shape conceptions of the future professional. Finally, Article IV reports an inter-view study with recruiters of medical interns in Sweden's 21 most popular hospi-tals. Results showed that the most attractive candidates balanced two traits: orientation towards performance and orientation towards human relations. They also successfully demonstrated possession of these qualities in their appli-cation and subsequent interview. Overall, the results from the studies indicated that there are great differences between views of proper preparation for work and views of the highly-employable doctor. While medical knowledge and skills were seen as important in preparation for work, they were absent in the views of the highly-competent and employable doctor. Instead, generic attributes, such as drive, curiosity, cooperativeness, warmth, maturity and reflectiveness, char-acterised descriptions of the most accomplished medical professionals. These attributes also were seen primarily as developed before or 'beside' the formal medical education programme.

  • 9.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Nyttig, utvald eller bildad2016Ingår i: Anställningsbarhet: perspektiv från utbildning och arbetsliv / [ed] Gun Sparrhoff och Andreas Fejes, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, s. 95-109Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Nyttig, utvald eller bildad?: Tre sätt att se på den högre utbildningens funktion2009Ingår i: Anställningsbarhet: perspektiv från utbildning och arbetsliv / [ed] Berglund, Gun & Fejes, Andreas, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, s. 39-54Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Om PBL – en modern medelålders metod2013Ingår i: Lärande för juridikens praktik: 20 år med PBL vid juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet / [ed] Lena Landström & Ola Lindberg, Umeå: Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2013, s. 21-35Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Pedagogik.
    Problembaserat lärande vid juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet - en fallstudie2005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    ‘The next step’: alumni students' views on their preparation for their first position as a physician2010Ingår i: Medical Education Online, ISSN 1087-2981, E-ISSN 1087-2981, Vol. 15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although medical programmes are often thoroughly evaluated, these evaluations more seldom include workplace points of view. The present study focuses on how well a Swedish medical programme was judged to prepare students for work as a physician. Methods: Thirty-two competences in physicians’ work were identified through interviews. A subsequent questionnaire was completed by 123 programme alumni who had worked for 1-2½ years in different parts of the country. Alumni were asked to rate the importance of each competence, their self-assessed competence as well as how these competences were addressed during their medical training. Results: The subsequent analysis identified areas where their training programme, according to the alumni, failed to prepare them satisfactorily. Problem areas included competences in clinical skills, handling stressful situations and in applied rather than foundational knowledge about common symptoms and diseases. Conclusion: Despite extensive practical training, medical education still faces some problems in the transition from education to work.

  • 14.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Undergraduate socialization in medical education: ideals of professional physicians' practice2009Ingår i: Learning in Health and Social Care, ISSN 1473-6853, E-ISSN 1473-6861, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 241-249Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Pedagogik.
    What do I need to know as a doctor?: Alumni students views on the medical programme and its ability to prepare them for the medical profession2007Ingår i: AMEE conference, Trondheim, Norway, 2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Competence in professional practice: a practice theory analysis of police and doctors2015Ingår i: Human Relations, ISSN 0018-7267, E-ISSN 1741-282X, Vol. 68, nr 4, s. 561-582Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines a theoretical understanding of competence as the inferred potential for desirable activity within a professional practice. By employing the concept of ‘teleoaffective structure’ as developed in Schatzki’s practice theory, our study investigates how notions of competent and excellent professionals are defined in two separate practices in which highly qualified professionals share formal qualifications. The study is comparative and based on a total of 39 interviews carried out in the Swedish National Police Counter-Terrorist Unit (police) and with recruiters of medical interns (doctors) in Swedish healthcare. Results indicate that, despite obvious differences between the professional groups in the study, some remarkable similarities are apparent in what are regarded as high levels of competence. Surprisingly, technical expertise was downplayed as an indicator of high levels of competence in both practices. The professional groups emphasized flexibility, drive/ambition and social competence, as well as the ability to balance between being highly capable and being humble before others, including other groups of professionals as characteristics of excellence. Based on the results, the authors discuss a ‘logic of excellence’ that can be used to describe mechanisms of competence differentiation in professional practices from a practice theory perspective.

  • 17.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Graduate employability as social suitability: professional competence from a practice theory perspective2017Ingår i: Graduate Employability in Context: Theory, Research and Debate  / [ed] Michael Tomlinson & Leonard Holmes, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, s. 255-272Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    What makes an employer decide in a graduate’s favour when applying for a new job? This question is urgent and important for many graduates who are hoping to get the upper hand in competing for their first job, yet research can tell us little about how to answer it. In an effort to inquire into this question, the following chapter outlines an understanding of graduate employability based in workplace practices. Practice theory is an umbrella term for a number of theories and concepts focusing on the importance of activity for understanding the social world. ‘The practice turn’ in social science seeks to bridge some problematic dualisms (such as actor-structure) in other theories. In the version of practice theory that will be presented below, we draw upon the theorisation presented by Theodore Schatzki (2001, 2005) and our previous work within this framework (Lindberg and Rantatalo 2015), in an effort to translate practice-theory concepts into research tools for examining graduate employability.

  • 18.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Police leadership practice in times of uncertainty and organisational turmoil2015Ingår i: Working and learning in times of uncertainty: challenges to adult, professional and vocational education / [ed] Sandra Bohlinger, Ulrika Haake, Christian Helms Jørgensen, Hanna Toiviainen, Andreas Wallo, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers , 2015, s. 103-116Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Making sense through false syntheses: Working with paradoxes in the reorganization of the Swedish police2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 175-184Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses how a working group in the Swedish police made sense of their task in the wake of reorganization. It aims to describe how inputs from top management prompted processes of sensemaking within the group, and their subsequent results in responding to latent paradoxes. The police group’s work was studied through participant observation, interviews and documents. The findings illustrate how the group made latent paradoxes salient and how they worked with these paradoxes to ultimately make them latent again by what we call “false syntheses”. Through this process, the group achieved its task, but the paradoxes were reproduced, made latent and pushed away to another part of the organization. Thus, sensemaking transforms paradoxes from latent to salient, from macro to micro levels of the organization.

  • 20.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Stenling, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Police bodies and police minds: professional learning through bodily practices of sport participation2017Ingår i: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 39, nr 3, s. 371-387Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the literature concerned with bodily perspectives on professional learning by reporting on a study of Swedish police officers’ sport participation as a form of occupational learning. The study seeks to answer how ideals of work practice and sport participation intersect, how professional learning is channelled through sport participation, and how such bodily practices might have excluding effects on professional participation. Using a practice theory framework, the Schatzkian concept of teleoaffective structure guides the analysis. Sixteen interviews were conducted with police officers who practice police sports. The analysis targeted symbolic manifestations of teleoaffectivity, and the findings indicate five overlapping ideals between sport and police practice. In addition, one police specific ideal was constructed. Based on these findings, we discuss how professionals learn by participation in practices not directly related to the work in question, and how such learning includes and excludes from participation.

  • 21.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Sparrhoff, Gun
    Linköpings universitet.
    Bäck, Thomas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Den pluralistiska ledarskapsforskningen: en översikt över svenska avhandlingarom ledarskap 2003–20142016Ingår i: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 3-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledarskap har i ett internationellt perspektiv studerats över tid men hittills vet vi ganska lite hur det svenska forskningslandskapet ser ut. Svensk ledarskapsforskninghar anekdotiskt konstaterats vara svag samtidigt som Sverige, med en arbetsmarknad präglad av samförstånd och korta beslutsvägar, utgör en intressant kontext för ledarskapsstudier. En delaspekt av forskning om ledarskap är hur fenomenet studerats i avhandlingar. Givet dessa konstateranden syftar följande forskningsöversikt till analysera doktorsavhandlingar om ledarskap skrivna 2003–2014. Specifikt besvaras fyra frågor: 1) Vilka ämnen och institutioner studerar ledarskap? 2) Vad studeras i avhandlingar om ledarskap? 3) Hur har ledarskap studerats? 4) Vilka kunskapsbidrag kan identifieras i de analyserade avhandlingarna? Totalt analyserades 70 avhandlingar i studien och valet att analysera avhandlingar motiveras av att doktorsavhandlingar kan spegla lokal praxis och trender i kunskapsbildning inom akademin. Resultatet visar på att ledarskap som forskningsfält är fragmenterat mellan olika ämnen och forskningsbedrivande institutioner, att kvalitativa metoder var vanligare än kvantitativa samt att förvånansvärt lite av forskningen relaterar till, eller tar avstamp ifrån, andra svenska eller skandinaviska forskargruppers arbeten. I artikeln diskuteras avslutningsvis hur bristande kommunikation mellan forskningsmiljöer kan hänga ihop med att ledarskap i många av destuderade avhandlingarna studerats instrumentellt som en delmängd av andra ämnesområden.

  • 22.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Liminal practice and reflection in professional education: police education and medical education2018Ingår i: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 351-366Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of how liminality relates to the facilitation of reflective practice in professional education. Liminality refers to sites and positions that exhibit 'in-betweenness', or bordering positions, that might draw together different institutional conditions. The present project aims to examine the role of liminality in professional educational practice with a specific focus upon how liminality may support student reflection. Using a qualitative and comparative research approach, we analysed interview and observational data from police education and a medical programme. Observations and interviews explore practices of collective interactional (and hence observable) reflection at sites that are characterised by ‘betweenness’ of work and education. Findings indicate that situations that afford reflection are characterised by a sense of undeterminedness in terms of either the subject, space or activity. Thus, we conclude that there is some evidence that liminality affords reflection, but also that liminality and underminedness are fragile states that are not easily organised in a professional education curriculum.

  • 23.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    The logic of excellence: Separating sheep from goats among highly qualified professionals2011Ingår i: ESREA Network: Working Life and Learning, Linköping: Linköping University , 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 24.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Kihlberg, Robert
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Negotiations and Research Bargains: Bending Professional Norms in the Effort to Gain Field Access2018Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, ISSN 1609-4069, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 1-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study provides an autoethnographic account of the efforts to gain field access to a police organization, spanning more than 2 years. The aim is to describe a case of gaining access in relation to the professional norms of science put forward by Robert K. Merton. Aided by an organized record of notes, e-mails, and other written communications regarding access (144 memos of various types), the study describes and discusses the negotiations with Mertonian norms that followed from the dissonance between ideals of research and practical reality. Opening up for further scholarly discussion, this article concludes that Merton’s norms are incongruent with both prevailing guidelines of research ethics and with the practical, short-term problems of access negotiations and research bargains.

  • 25.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Stenling, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Police bodies and police minds: Occupational socialization through sport2016Ingår i: Book of Abstracts, 2016, s. 80-80Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of Swedish police officers’ sport participation as a form of occupational socialisation. Previously, questions of how sport functions as socialisation for work practice has been largely overlooked in the literature. The police are an interesting case, as policing is permeated by ideas of bodily prowess. The study seeks to answer how ideals of work practice are enacted through sport participation and how such socialisation has excluding effects. Using a practice theory framework, the concept of teleoaffective structure guides the analysis. Twelve interviews were conducted with police officers who have experience in police sports and policing. The analysis targeted symbolic manifestations of teleoaffectivity, and the findings indicate five overlapping ideals between sport and police practice. In addition, one police specific ideal was constructed. Based on these findings, we discuss how participation in sport practices subtly shape occupational norms.  

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