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  • 1. Allard, Christina
    et al.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Cocq, Coppélie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Hjortfors, Lis-Mari
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences.
    Ledman, Anna-Lill
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Löf, Annette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Johansson Lönn, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Moen, Jon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena Maria
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Nordin, Gabriella
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Norlin, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Outakoski, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Reimerson, Elsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sehlin MacNeil, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Stoor, Krister
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Storm Mienna, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Svonni, Charlotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vinka, Mikael
    Össbo, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Rasbiologiskt språkbruk i statens rättsprocess mot sameby2015In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Statens hantering av forskningsresultat i rättsprocessen med Girjas sameby utgör ett hot mot Sverige som rättsstat och kunskapsnation. Åratal av svensk och internationell forskning underkänns och man använder ett språkbruk som skulle kunna vara hämtat från rasbiologins tid. Nu måste staten ta sitt ansvar och börja agera som en demokratisk rättsstat, skriver 59 forskare.

  • 2. Anderson, Ian
    et al.
    Robson, Bridget
    Connolly, Michele
    Al-Yaman, Fadwa
    Bjertness, Espen
    King, Alexandra
    Tynan, Michael
    Madden, Richard
    Bang, Abhay
    Coimbra, Carlos E. A., Jr.
    Pesantes, Maria Amalia
    Amigo, Hugo
    Andronov, Sergei
    Armien, Blas
    Obando, Daniel Ayala
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Bhatti, Zaid Shakoor
    Bhutta, Zulfi Qar Ahmed
    Bjerregaard, Peter
    Bjertness, Marius B.
    Briceno-Leon, Roberto
    Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild
    Bustos, Patricia
    Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi
    Chu, Jiayou
    Deji, .
    Gouda, Jitendra
    Harikumar, Rachakulla
    Htay, Thein Thein
    Htet, Aung Soe
    Izugbara, Chimaraoke
    Kamaka, Martina
    King, Malcolm
    Kodavanti, Mallikharjuna Rao
    Lara, Macarena
    Laxmaiah, Avula
    Lema, Claudia
    Taborda, Ana Maria Leon
    Liabsuetrakul, Tippawan
    Lobanov, Andrey
    Melhus, Marita
    Meshram, Indrapal
    Miranda, J. Jaime
    Mu, Thet Thet
    Nagalla, Balkrishna
    Nimmathota, Arlappa
    Popov, Andrey Ivanovich
    Poveda, Ana Maria Penuela
    Ram, Faujdar
    Reich, Hannah
    Santos, Ricardo V.
    Sein, Aye Aye
    Shekhar, Chander
    Sherpa, Lhamo Y.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Tano, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Tanywe, Asahngwa
    Ugwu, Chidi
    Ugwu, Fabian
    Vapattanawong, Patama
    Wan, Xia
    Welch, James R.
    Yang, Gonghuan
    Yang, Zhaoqing
    Yap, Leslie
    Indigenous and tribal peoples' health (The Lancet-Lowitja Institute Global Collaboration): a population study2016In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 388, no 10040, p. 131-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: International studies of the health of Indigenous and tribal peoples provide important public health insights. Reliable data are required for the development of policy and health services. Previous studies document poorer outcomes for Indigenous peoples compared with benchmark populations, but have been restricted in their coverage of countries or the range of health indicators. Our objective is to describe the health and social status of Indigenous and tribal peoples relative to benchmark populations from a sample of countries.

    Methods: Collaborators with expertise in Indigenous health data systems were identified for each country. Data were obtained for population, life expectancy at birth, infant mortality, low and high birthweight, maternal mortality, nutritional status, educational attainment, and economic status. Data sources consisted of governmental data, data from non-governmental organisations such as UNICEF, and other research. Absolute and relative differences were calculated.

    Findings: Our data (23 countries, 28 populations) provide evidence of poorer health and social outcomes for Indigenous peoples than for non-Indigenous populations. However, this is not uniformly the case, and the size of the rate difference varies. We document poorer outcomes for Indigenous populations for: life expectancy at birth for 16 of 18 populations with a difference greater than 1 year in 15 populations; infant mortality rate for 18 of 19 populations with a rate difference greater than one per 1000 livebirths in 16 populations; maternal mortality in ten populations; low birthweight with the rate difference greater than 2% in three populations; high birthweight with the rate difference greater than 2% in one population; child malnutrition for ten of 16 populations with a difference greater than 10% in five populations; child obesity for eight of 12 populations with a difference greater than 5% in four populations; adult obesity for seven of 13 populations with a difference greater than 10% in four populations; educational attainment for 26 of 27 populations with a difference greater than 1% in 24 populations; and economic status for 15 of 18 populations with a difference greater than 1% in 14 populations.

    Interpretation: We systematically collated data across a broader sample of countries and indicators than done in previous studies. Taking into account the UN Sustainable Development Goals, we recommend that national governments develop targeted policy responses to Indigenous health, improving access to health services, and Indigenous data within national surveillance systems.

  • 3.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Indigenous populations and vulnerability.: Characterizing vulnerability in a Sami context2006In: Annales de Demographie Historique, Vol. 111, no 1, p. 115-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Among the most vulnerable populations of today are the indigenous peoples. They share the experience of colonization with severe implications. Historically thousands of indigenous cultures have ceased to exist. The current article outlines and discusses the conditions from the past to the present that make an indigenous people like the Swedish Sami vulnerable. Until the early twentieth century the Sami were in some respects a demographically vulnerable population. Infants and child mortality were dramatically high, yet the fear of extinction that prevailed among Swedish scientists until the 1940s were never realistic. The Swedish Sami population of today is not living on the brink of extinction but there are still circumstances that are the result of historical events contributing to them being more vulnerable than the majority population of Sweden. The Sami has been reduced due to demographic, socio-economic, cultural and political interference. We argue that the Sami vulnerability of the past, present and future involves changes in statistics, language, traditional economy, religion, relocation/reservation, cultural diversity, educational system, and denial of the right to cultural and political self-determination. These factors all play important roles for the contextualization of indigenous vulnerability and should be considered when studying vulnerability among all indigenous populations.

  • 4.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Inledning2005In: Ett land, ett folk: Sápmi i historia och nutid, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2005, p. 7-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Introduction2011In: Indigenous peoples and demography: the complex relation between identity and statistics / [ed] Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, 2011, p. 1-14Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning – eftersatt och efterfrågad2006In: Tvärsnitt: Humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 1, p. 18-22Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Anderson, David, G.
    University of Tromsö.
    Ziker, John
    Boise State University.
    Epilogue: from indigenous demographics to an indigenous demography2011In: Indigenous peoples and demography: the complex relation between identity and statistics / [ed] Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2011, p. 295-308Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Lena, Karlsson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Len, Smith
    Australian National University, Canberra.
    Indigenous infant mortality in Sweden: the key to the health transition2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sami of northern Scandinavia have experienced a positive health development that has brought them from a high-mortality situation two hundred years ago to their present-day low-mortality profile. Their experience is not shared by other indigenous peoples around the world. This study is concerned with infant mortality, a key issue in the health transition process. Long-term infant mortality trends are analyzed in order to compare Sami and non-Sami groups in the area. Data is obtained from the world-unique Northern Population Data Base at Umeå university, and consist of digitized 18th and 19th-century parish records. These complete life biographies include ethnic markers and enable longitudinal studies of causes of death, differences in sex, age-distribution, stillbirths and legitimacy status. The results are discussed from the perspective of the source quality, methodological considerations, the health transition generally in Sweden, and the overall Sami health transition

  • 9.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Röver, Corinna
    KTH.
    Ethnic identity and resource rights in Sweden2019In: The politics of Arctic resources: change and continuity in the "Old North" of Northern Europe / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 119-139Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chapter 7 differs from the previous chapters, focusing on Sami issues as both an area of policy and as having implications for the reindeer husbandry sector (in Sweden pre-eminently and by regulation Sami-based). The chapter illustrates how changes from early Swedish policy respecting Sami rights shifted with external influences (or discourse) that aimed to separate the indigenous population from others. Concurrent policy changes since then have placed large groups outside the defined Sami group at each point in time, made the Sami out to be a more unitary and profession-based (reindeer husbandry) group than they actually are, and even prohibited the general population from taking part in reindeer herding (although this prohibition continues to be disregarded in some places to this day). Thereby, the chapter illustrates how present conflicts can be seen as resulting from policy legacies instituted based on assumptions made in the 1800s.

  • 10.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Tano, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Sweden: the Sami2016In: A global snapshot of indigenous and tribal peoples' health: the Lancet–Lowitja Institute collaboration / [ed] Kate Silburn, Hannah Reich & Ian Anderson, Carlton South, Victoria, Australia: The Lowitja Institute , 2016, , p. 2p. 46-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11. Bergkvist, Per Henrik
    et al.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Kling, Sofia
    Silviken, Anne
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Stoor, Jon Petter
    Breaking the silence: suicide prevention through storytelling among indigenous Sami2016In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, p. 56-56Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12. Callaghan, Terry V.
    et al.
    Johansson, Margareta
    Brown, Ross D.
    Groisman, Pavel Ya.
    Labba, Niklas
    Radionov, Vladimir
    Barry, Roger G.
    Blangy, Sylvie
    Bradley, Raymond S.
    Bulygina, Olga N.
    Christensen, Torben R.
    Colman, Jonathan
    Essery, Richard L.H.
    Forbes, Bruce C.
    Forchhammer, Mads C.
    Frolov, Dimitry M.
    Golubev, Vladimir N.
    Grenfell, Thomas C.
    Honrath, Richard E.
    Juday, Glenn P.
    Melloh, Rae
    Meshcherskaya, Anna V.
    Petrushina, Marina N.
    Phoenix, Gareth K.
    Pomeroy, John
    Rautio, Arja
    Razuvaev, Vyacheslav N.
    Robinson, David A.
    Romanov, Peter
    Schmidt, Niels M.
    Serreze, Mark C.
    Shevchenko, Vladimir
    Shiklomanov, Alexander I.
    Shindell, Drew
    Shmakin, Andrey B.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sokratov, Sergey A.
    Sturm, Matthew
    Warren, Stephen
    Woo, Ming-ko
    Wood, Eric F.
    Yang, Daquing
    Changing snow cover and its impacts2011In: Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA): Climate Change and the Cryosphere, Oslo: Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, 2011, p. 4:1-4:58Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13. Callaghan, Terry V.
    et al.
    Johansson, Margareta
    Brown, Ross D.
    Groisman, Pavel Ya
    Labba, Niklas
    Radionov, Vladimir
    Bradley, Raymond S.
    Blangy, Sylvie
    Bulygina, Olga N.
    Christensen, Torben R.
    Colman, Jonathan E.
    Essery, Richard L. H.
    Forbes, Bruce C.
    Forchhammer, Mads C.
    Golubev, Vladimir N.
    Honrath, Richard E.
    Juday, Glenn P.
    Meshcherskaya, Anna V.
    Phoenix, Gareth K.
    Pomeroy, John
    Rautio, Arja
    Robinson, David A.
    Schmidt, Niels M.
    Serreze, Mark C.
    Shevchenko, Vladimir P.
    Shiklomanov, Alexander I.
    Shmakin, Andrey B.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sturm, Matthew
    Woo, Ming-ko
    Wood, Eric F.
    Multiple effects of changes in arctic snow cover2011In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 40, p. 32-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Snow cover plays a major role in the climate, hydrological and ecological systems of the Arctic and other regions through its influence on the surface energy balance (e.g. reflectivity), water balance (e.g. water storage and release), thermal regimes (e.g. insulation), vegetation and trace gas fluxes. Feedbacks to the climate system have global consequences. The livelihoods and well-being of Arctic residents and many services for the wider population depend on snow conditions so changes have important consequences. Already, changing snow conditions, particularly reduced summer soil moisture, winter thaw events and rain-on-snow conditions have negatively affected commercial forestry, reindeer herding, some wild animal populations and vegetation. Reductions in snow cover are also adversely impacting indigenous peoples' access to traditional foods with negative impacts on human health and well-being. However, there are likely to be some benefits from a changing Arctic snow regime such as more even run-off from melting snow that favours hydropower operations.

  • 14.
    Carson, Dean B.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Carson, Doris A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Nordin, Gabriella
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Lessons from the Arctic past: The resource cycle, hydro energy development, and the human geography of Jokkmokk, Sweden2016In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 16, p. 13-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research has identified a series of human geography impacts of natural resource developments in sparsely populated areas like the Arctic. These impacts can be mapped to the 'resource cycle', and arise from periods of population growth and decline, changing patterns of human migration and mobility, changing patterns of settlement, and changes in the demographic 'balance' between males and females, young and old, Indigenous and non-Indigenous. This paper examines the applicability of the resource cycle model in the case of hydro energy development in the Jokkmokk municipality of Sweden. Using quantitative demographic data, media reports, and contemporary accounts of hydro development, the paper describes the human geography of Jokkmokk since the late 19th century. The paper concludes that changes in human geography in Jokkmokk mirror what has been observed in regions dependent on non-renewable resources, although it is difficult to distinguish many impacts from those that might have occurred under alternative development scenarios. The paper identifies a 'settlement cycle' with phases of integrated and separated habitation for populations specifically associated with the development. Settlement dynamics, and the impacts of hydro on Sami geography are areas for further research.

  • 15.
    Carson, Dean B.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Carson, Doris A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Porter, Rob
    Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Yoshida Ahlin, Celia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Decline, Adaptation or Transformation: New Perspectives on Demographic Change in Resource Peripheries in Australia and Sweden2016In: Comparative Population Studies, ISSN 1869-8980, E-ISSN 1869-8999, Vol. 41, no 3-4, p. 1-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many sparsely populated resource peripheries in developed countries are perceived to suffer from periods of demographic decline due to loss of employment opportunities and services, youth out-migration and population ageing. While these trends tend to apply at broad regional scales and for particular time periods, diverse patterns of demographic change may be apparent if different spatial, temporal and social scales of analysis are taken into consideration. Comparing the experiences of two case study regions in northern Sweden and inland South Australia, this paper proposes an alternative conceptual framework to the ‘discourse of decline’, which could be used to examine the nuances of demographic change within resource peripheries. The framework includes spatial scale considerations that contrast broader regional demographic patterns with the experiences of sub-regions and individual settlements. It also includes temporal scale aspects, examining demographic change over different time periods to understand the pace, duration and frequency of population growth and decline. The framework finally includes social unit considerations, emphasising that demographic change affects different social groups in different ways. The results of the case studies suggest that considering demographic change as adaptation or transformation rather than decline may be more useful for identifying new – and qualitatively different – demographic pathways that emerge over time. 

  • 16.
    Carson, Dean B
    et al.
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Carson, Doris A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Nilsson, Lena Maria
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    The local demography of resource economies: long term implications of natural resource industries for demographic development in sparsely populated areas2016In: Settlements at the edge: remote human settlements in developed nations / [ed] Andrew Taylor, Dean B. Carson, Prescott C. Ensign, Lee Huskey, Rasmus Ole Rasmussen, Gertrude Saxinger, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 357-378Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Settlements at the Edge examines the evolution, characteristics, functions and shifting economic basis of settlements in sparsely populated areas of developed nations. With a focus on demographic change, the book features theoretical and applied cases which explore the interface between demography, economy, well-being and the environment. This book offers a comprehensive and insightful knowledge base for understanding the role of population in shaping the development and histories of northern sparsely populated areas of developed nations including Alaska (USA), Australia, Canada, Greenland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Finland and other nations with territories within the Arctic Circle.

  • 17.
    Lantto, Patrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Inledning2004In: Befolkning och bosättning i norr: etnicitet, identitet och gränser i historiens sken / [ed] Patrik Lantto och Peter Sköld, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2004, Vol. 1, p. 9-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Lindmark, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Beach, Hugh
    Bäckman, Louise
    Danell, Öje
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Den samiska kulturen kommer att utrotas2005In: Dagens Nyheter, no 2005-10-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Nordin, Gabriella
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    The complex fertility of indigenous Sami and non-reindeer-herding settlers in Jokkmokk 1815–18952014In: Polar Geography, ISSN 1088-937X, E-ISSN 1939-0513, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 157-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though contemporary fertility shows a steady decrease among indigenous populations in the circumpolar area during the twentieth century, they display a far higher fertility compared to the rest of the population's respective countries. In the absence of Swedish modern data on ethnicity, this study concentrates on fertility in historical times to improve our knowledge on Sami fecundity. Using digitized parish records we aim to study nineteenth century fertility among the Sami and non-Sami in an ethnically mixed parish in the Northern Sweden. The sources also enable an intra-ethnic perspective; thus, the study includes comparisons between forest and mountain Sami. The data revealed a Sami fertility deviating not only from their non-Sami neighbors, but also to a Swedish average. Both Sami and non-Sami women had very low birth rates among young women; nevertheless, Sami women gave birth to fewer children than the non-Sami. Toward the end of the nineteenth century non-Sami women showed crude birth rates well above both Sami and a Swedish average. The fertility pattern among the forest and the mountain Sami revealed both social and economic differences within the Sami group.

  • 20.
    Nordin, Gabriella
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    True or false?: Nineteenth-century Sápmi fertility in qualitative vs. demographic sources2012In: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 157-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is limited knowledge about childbirth and childcare among Arctic indigenous peoples in historical times, and the Swedish Sami are no exception. The main aim of the present study is to investigate whether the Sami experienced fertility trends parallel to those of the rest of the population in the area and in Sweden as a whole. Digitized parish records offer a unique possibility to include comparisons from ethnic, cultural, geographical and long-term perspectives. The present study compares the statements about fertility and childcare provided by qualitative sources with data from quantitative demographic investigations. This comparison reveals a contrasting picture, from which it is evident that contemporary observers' impressions of the Sami and their childbirths were somewhat inaccurate. Opposite to what the qualitative sources claimed Sami fertility was higher than the national average rates. Moreover, crude birth rates were high and the average number of children in families exceeded what was generally claimed. We can conclude that the statements made by clergy, physicians and travelers concerning childbirth among the Sami did not correspond particularly well with the demographic reality.

  • 21. Schweitzer, Peter
    et al.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Ulturgasheva, Olga
    Cultures and identities2014In: Arctic human development report: regional processes and global linkages / [ed] Joan Nymand Larsen and Gail Fondahl, Köpenhamn: Nordic Council of Ministers , 2014, p. 105-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    75 år av kvalitet och omtanke: Danderyds sjukhus 1922-19971997Book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    A picture of the future in the rear-view: the ageing population, Sami health, and the return of smallpox2012In: Rivers to cross: Sami land use and the human dimension / [ed] Peter Sköld & Krister Stoor, Umeå: Vaartoe, Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 179-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Det komplexa Sápmi: samisk historia under 400 år2011In: Jag är same / [ed] Britta Lindgren Hyvönen, Christian Richette och Ingrid Sjökvist, Umeå: Västerbottens läns hembygdsförbund , 2011, p. 114-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Development, adjustement and conflict: the Sami and reindeer husbandry in Sweden in the light of political, social and economic changes2011In: Agriculture and forestry in Sweden since 1900: geographical and historical studies / [ed] Hans Antonson and Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien , 2011, p. 475-491Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Förord2012In: Vid foten av fjället: forskning om samernas historia och samhälle / [ed] Peter Sköld, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning , 2012, p. 7-9Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Förord2007In: Samisk kulturpolitik i ett nordiskt perspektiv / [ed] Karin Mannela Gaup, Umeå: Centrum för Samisk forskning , 2007, p. 4-6Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Förord2007In: Människor i norr: samisk forskning på nya vägar / [ed] Peter Sköld, Umeå: Centrum för Samisk forskning , 2007, p. 9-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Förord: Forskningens förutsättningar och den traditionella kunskapens betydelse2012In: Långa perspektiv: samisk forskning och traditionell forskning / [ed] Peter Sköld och Krister Stoor, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning , 2012, p. 7-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Kampen mot kopporna: preventivmedicinens genombrott2005In: Svenska folkets hälsa i historiskt perspektiv / [ed] Jan Sundin, Christer Hogstedt, Jakob Lindberg, Henrik Moberg, Stockholm: Statens folkhälsoinstitut , 2005, p. 132-175Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Kunskap och kontroll: den svenska befolkningsstatistikens historia2001Book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Kunskapsbrist och modernisering som hot: Samerna i Sverige dolda i statistiken2008In: Fjärde världen, ISSN 0282-258X, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 22-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Liv och död i Lappmarken: aspekter på den demografiska utvecklingen i Arjeplog under 1700- och 1800-talen2004In: Befolkning och bosättning i norr: etnicitet, identitet och gränser i historiens sken / [ed] Patrik Lantto och Peter Sköld, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2004, Vol. 1, p. 85-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Mannen som kom ner för ett fjäll – samerna i Karesduando och Roland Bonaperte2008In: Looking North: Representations of Sámi in Visual Arts and Literature / [ed] Heidi Hansson och Jan-Erik Lundström, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2008, p. 175-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    New sources for historical demographic research – comments and perspectives2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Northern Studies Research at Umeå University2009In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, no 2, p. 127-129Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Perpetual adaption?: challanges for the Sami and reindeer husbandry in Sweden2015In: The new Arctic / [ed] Birgitta Evengård, Joan Nymand Larsen, Øyvind Paasche, Cham: Springer, 2015, p. 39-55Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reindeer husbandry is of vital importance for the Sami living in Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia. With a focus on Sweden we can conclude that through a colonial history the reindeer herding Sami have achieved legal rights that to some extent guarantee their existence. This is largely due to a successful political mobilization. On the other hand conflicts over land use with non-Sami settlers and the Swedish state have been a frequent element in the industry. The Sami must also combat a stereotypical understanding of reindeer herding that often has difficulties in understanding the constant modernization and technical development. Today the reindeer herders compete with industries such as mines, hydropower, windmill parks, forestry and tourism. An additional threat is the predators and state policies around them. Reindeer herding is of vital importance to all Sami, but the legal system prohibits the large majority to be involved, something that has had recent political complications in the Sami society.

  • 38.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Problems of indigenous peoples of the North: health care, rights and identity2014In: Международная конференция представителей государств - членов Арктического совета, стран - наблюдателей Арктического совета и зарубежной научной общественности: "Актуальные проблемы устойчивого развития и обеспечения безопасности в Арктике", Нарьян-Мар, 5-7 августа 2014 года = International Conference of Representatives of the States-Members of the Arctic Council, the States-Observers to the Arctic Council and the Foreign Scientific Community : Topical Problems of Sustainable Development and Security Maintenance in the Arctic, Naryan-Mar, 5-7 August, 2014, Moskow: Arctic Council Office , 2014, p. 104-105Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Review of Urban Örneholm (ed. and transl.), Four Eighteenth-century medical dissertations under the presidency of Nils Rosén2005In: Medical History, ISSN 0025-7273, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 226-227Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Röster om Lars Thomasson2007In: Från Lars Thomassons penna: bibliografiska anteckningar 1956-2006 / [ed] Per Frånberg, Peter Sköld och Per Axelsson, Umeå: Kungliga Skytteanska samfundet , 2007, p. 19-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samerna – ett sårbart folk?: Kulturell samexistens i svenska Sápmi2009In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348 7997, no 4, p. 16-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samerna och deras historia: metodövningar i samisk 1600- och 1700-talshistoria1993Book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sami identity in the cross-fire between politics and culture2010In: Inclusion through education and culture: Fourth Annual Conference of the University Network of the European Capitals of Culture jointly organized with the Compostela Group of Universities / [ed] Wim Coudenys, Lászlo I Komlósi, Pécs: UNeECC , 2010, p. 201-209Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk bosättning i Gällivare 1550-17501992Book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning i framtiden2005In: Igår, idag, imorgon: samerna, politiken och vetenskapen / [ed] Peter Sköld och Per Axelsson, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2005, p. 15-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Samisk forskning vid Umeå universitet2009In: Thule: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundets Årsbok 2009 / [ed] Roger Jacobsson, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2009, p. 187-2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Skönheten och odjuret: smittkoppor och giftermålsmönster i Sverige2004In: Befolkningshistoriska perspektiv: festskrift till Lars-Göran Tedebrand / [ed] Redaktionskommitté Anders Brändström, Sören Edvinsson, Tom Ericsson och Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, p. 119-140Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    The Health Transition: A Challenge to Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic2017In: The Interconnected Arctic: UArctic Congress 2016, Springer, 2017, p. 107-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Good health and well-being is one of the most important sustainability goals of today. Unfortunately the goal faces many challenges that show an uneven distribution of health improvements, and of life-expectancy. This is a global problem, but also a specific threat to vast parts of the Arctic. Furthermore there is a strong correlation between climate change and health risks. On top of these challenges are disfavoured indigenous peoples, globally and in the Arctic. This chapter deals with health encounters in the North, with a focus on the Swedish health care organization, Sami health and research efforts.

  • 49.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    The Man Who Came Down a Mountain: The Sámi in Karesuando and Roland Bonaparte2008In: Looking North. : Representations of Sámi in Visual Arts and Literature / [ed] Heidi Hansson and Jan-Erik Lundström, Umeå: Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet , 2008, p. 165-173Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    The two faces of culture: Sami participation during the European Capital of Culture 2014 project2015In: Under the same sun: parallel issues and mutual challenges for San and Sami peoples and research / [ed] Peter Sköld, Moa Sandström and Maiseo Bolaane, Umeå: Vaartoe/Centre for Sami Research (CeSam), Umeå University , 2015, p. 51-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 66
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