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Hällgren Graneheim, U., Lindgren, B.-M. & Lundman, B. (2023). Kvalitativ innehållsanalys (3ed.). In: Maria Henricson (Ed.), Vetenskaplig teori och metod: från idé till examination inom vård- och hälsovetenskap (pp. 295-312). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Kvalitativ innehållsanalys
2023 (svensk)Inngår i: Vetenskaplig teori och metod: från idé till examination inom vård- och hälsovetenskap / [ed] Maria Henricson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, 3, s. 295-312Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023 Opplag: 3
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
hälso- och sjukvårdsforskning; omvårdnadsforskning med medicinsk inriktning; omvårdnadsforskning med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218335 (URN)9789144161389 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-12-19 Laget: 2023-12-19 Sist oppdatert: 2023-12-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Viglund, K., Olofsson, B., Lundman, B., Norberg, A. & Lövheim, H. (2022). Relationships among inner strength, health and function, well-being, and negative life events in old people: a longitudinal study. European Journal of Ageing, 19, 545-554
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Relationships among inner strength, health and function, well-being, and negative life events in old people: a longitudinal study
Vise andre…
2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 19, s. 545-554Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Inner strength is a conceptualization of a human resource that is generally considered beneficial for health and well-being. Previously, it has been examined in qualitative and cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal data are lacking. The aim of this study was to examine how inner strength, health and function, well-being, and negative life events, namely crises and diseases, affect each other over time in old people. A longitudinal two-wave design was used with data from 2010 and 2016. A total of 4023 participants, living in Finland and Sweden, and born in 1930, 1935, 1940, or 1945 were included. Data were collected using the Inner Strength Scale, the Life Orientation Scale, a short version of the Geriatric Depression Scale, one item from the SF36, and five items from the Katz ADL-index. Structural equation modeling was used to test for cross-lagged effects. Crises and diseases were found to be a positive predictor of inner strength, a negative predictor of well-being, and to have no significant effect on health and function over time. Inner strength and well-being had a reciprocal positive relationship, and health and function was a positive predictor inner strength. The study expands findings by providing perspectives of inner strength across time indicating that inner strength in old people increases when they have to face a disease or crisis. From a health perspective, the present findings reinforce the importance of healthcare professionals' awareness and knowledge of the construct of inner strength.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2022
Emneord
Cross-lagged panel model, Disease, Health, Inner strength, Longitudinal, Well-being
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
omvårdnadsforskning med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-188684 (URN)10.1007/s10433-021-00642-6 (DOI)000708325700001 ()34690625 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85117168816 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, K2104- 99X-22610-01-6
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-10-19 Laget: 2021-10-19 Sist oppdatert: 2022-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Hammarström, A., Lundman, B. & Norberg, A. (2021). The importance of having a paid job: Gendered experiences of health and ill-health in daily life among middle-aged women and men. BMC Public Health, 21(1), Article ID 2023.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The importance of having a paid job: Gendered experiences of health and ill-health in daily life among middle-aged women and men
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 21, nr 1, artikkel-id 2023Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: More gender-theoretical studies are needed to gain a deeper understanding of what life circumstances make people sick or improve their health. The aim of the study was to gain a deeper understanding of social determinants of health by exploring gendered experiences in daily life among middle-aged women and men using the theory of gender relations.

Methods: Individual interviews with nine men and women were performed, focusing on what made them feel good or bad. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data.

Results: A major theme in our interviews was the gendered health-promoting experiences related to having a job, which involved becoming someone, feeling appreciated at work and having control over work. Having good family relations was also health-promoting, in terms of supportive relations and becoming a parent. Ill-health was related to gendered adverse conditions at work (accidents, monotonous and stressful work tasks, being bullied) and in domestic life (demands, destructive partner relations, having children with problems).

Conclusions: Gendered determinants of health and ill-health were identified in both working and domestic life. Public health policy needs to challenge the gender order in society, which defines the gendered structure of the labour market as well as the gendered relations in domestic life.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
BioMed Central, 2021
Emneord
Domestic work, Gender relations, Paid work, Social determinants of health
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-189615 (URN)10.1186/s12889-021-12034-7 (DOI)000715034600006 ()34742259 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85118711139 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259–2012-37Region VästerbottenForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011–0445
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-11-17 Laget: 2021-11-17 Sist oppdatert: 2023-08-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Lindgren, B.-M., Lundman, B. & Hällgren Graneheim, U. (2020). Abstraction and interpretation during the qualitative content analysis process. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 108, Article ID 103632.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Abstraction and interpretation during the qualitative content analysis process
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 108, artikkel-id 103632Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Qualitative content analysis and other ‘standardised’ methods are sometimes considered to be technical tools used for basic, superficial, and simple sorting of text, and their results lack depth, scientific rigour, and evidence. To strengthen the trustworthiness of qualitative content analyses, we focus on abstraction and interpretation during the analytic process. To our knowledge, descriptions of these concepts are sparse; this paper therefore aims to elaborate on and exemplify the distinction and relation between abstraction and interpretation during the different phases of the process of qualitative content analysis. We address the relations between abstraction and interpretation when selecting, condensing, and coding meaning units and creating categories and themes on various levels. The examples used are based on our experiences of teaching and supervising students at various levels. We also highlight the phases of de-contextualisation and re-contextualisation in describing the analytic process. We argue that qualitative content analysis can be both descriptive and interpretative. When the data allow interpretations of the latent content, qualitative content analysis reveals both depth and meaning in participants’ utterances.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020
Emneord
Abstraction, De-contextualisation, Interpretation, Qualitative content analysis, Re-contextualisation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
omvårdnadsforskning med medicinsk inriktning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-171534 (URN)10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103632 (DOI)000541257000011 ()32505813 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85085769949 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-06-04 Laget: 2020-06-04 Sist oppdatert: 2023-03-23bibliografisk kontrollert
Lundman, B., Hammarström, A., Ahlgren, C. & Norberg, A. (2019). Use of the model of Inner Strength for analysing reflective interviews in a group of healthy middle-aged adults. SAGE Open Medicine, 7
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Use of the model of Inner Strength for analysing reflective interviews in a group of healthy middle-aged adults
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: SAGE Open Medicine, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Inner Strength has been described as a human resource that promotes well-being linked to health. The aim of this study was to explore how Inner Strength and its four dimensions are manifested in interviews in a group of middle-aged healthy women and men.

Methods: Retrospective reflective interviews with middle-aged healthy women (n = 5) and men (n = 4) selected from a population study were content analysed deductively.

Results: The following themes and their constituents were found in the respective dimensions of the Model of Inner Strength. Firmness: having a drive to act, being purposeful, having trust in one’s competence, and having a positive view of life. Connectedness: being in community, receiving and giving support, and, receiving and giving care. Creativity: changing unsatisfactory life situations, seeing new opportunities, and realizing dreams. Stretchability: balancing between options, and extending oneself.

Conclusions: Expressions that were interpreted as belonging to Inner Strength could be referred the different dimensions of Inner Strength. The Model of Inner Strength is suitable for analysing Inner Strength among middle-aged men and women. The findings indicate that Inner Strength can be identified in human beings’ narratives if asked for.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
SAGE Open, 2019
Emneord
Nursing, mental health, psychiatry, Inner Strength, content analysis, deductive
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161455 (URN)10.1177/2050312119856812 (DOI)000471113000001 ()31217970 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85116882818 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-37
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-07-10 Laget: 2019-07-10 Sist oppdatert: 2023-03-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Lindelöf, N., Lundin-Olsson, L., Skelton, D. A., Lundman, B. & Rosendahl, E. (2017). Experiences of older people with dementia participating in a high-intensity functional exercise program in nursing homes: "While it's tough, it's useful". PLOS ONE, 12(11), Article ID e0188225.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Experiences of older people with dementia participating in a high-intensity functional exercise program in nursing homes: "While it's tough, it's useful"
Vise andre…
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, nr 11, artikkel-id e0188225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of the study was to describe the views and experiences of participation in a high-intensity functional exercise (HIFE) program among older people with dementia in nursing homes. The study design was a qualitative interview study with 21 participants (15 women), aged 74-96, and with a Mini-Mental State Examination score of 10-23 at study start. The HIFE-program comprises exercises performed in functional weight-bearing positions and including movements used in everyday tasks. The exercise was individually designed, supervised in small groups in the nursing homes and performed during four months. Interviews were performed directly after exercise sessions and field notes about the sessions were recorded. Qualitative content analysis was used for analyses. The analysis revealed four themes: Exercise is challenging but achievable; Exercise gives pleasure and strength; Exercise evokes body memories; and Togetherness gives comfort, joy, and encouragement. The intense and tailored exercise, adapted to each participant, was perceived as challenging but achievable, and gave pleasure and improvements in mental and bodily strength. Memories of previous physical activities aroused and participants rediscovered bodily capabilities. Importance of individualized and supervised exercise in small groups was emphasized and created feelings of encouragement, safety, and coherence. The findings from the interviews reinforces the positive meaning of intense exercise to older people with moderate to severe dementia in nursing homes. The participants were able to safely adhere to and understand the necessity of the exercise. Providers of exercise should consider the aspects valued by participants, e.g. supervision, individualization, small groups, encouragement, and that exercise involved joy and rediscovery of body competencies.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2017
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142971 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0188225 (DOI)000415646100030 ()29149198 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85034242263 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-14 Laget: 2017-12-14 Sist oppdatert: 2023-03-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Boman, E., Lundman, B., Nygren, B., Årestedt, K. & Santamäki Fischer, R. (2017). Inner strength and its relationship to health threats in ageing: a cross-sectional study among community-dwelling older women. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(11), 2720-2729
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Inner strength and its relationship to health threats in ageing: a cross-sectional study among community-dwelling older women
Vise andre…
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 73, nr 11, s. 2720-2729Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To explore the relationship between inner strength and health threats among community-dwelling older women. Background: Inner strength is described as a resource that promotes experiences of health, despite adversities. Inner strength and its dimensions (i.e. connectedness, creativity, firmness and flexibility) can be assessed using the Inner Strength Scale (ISS). Exploring attributes of weaker inner strength may yield valuable information about areas to focus on in enhancing a person's inner strength and may ultimately lead to the perception of better health. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Methods: The study is based on responses from 1270 community-dwelling older women aged 65 years and older; these were collected in the year 2010 and describe the situation that still exists today for older women. The questionnaire included the ISS, background characteristics and explanatory variables known to be health threats in ageing. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Poorer mental health was related to weaker inner strength in total and in all the dimensions. Symptoms of depressive disorders and feeling lonely were related to three of the dimensions, except firmness and creativity respectively. Furthermore, poor physical health was associated with the dimensions firmness and flexibility. Other health threats were significantly related to only one of the dimensions, or not associated at all. Conclusion: Mental ill health has overall the strongest association with weaker inner strength. Longitudinal studies are recommended to confirm the results. However, the ISS does not only estimate inner strength but can also be a tool for discovering where (i.e. dimension) interventions may be most profitable.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
Emneord
connectedness, creativity, firmness, flexibility, health threats, inner strength, mental ill health, nursing, old age, women
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143949 (URN)10.1111/jan.13341 (DOI)000418363000023 ()28513995 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85020430693 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-15 Laget: 2018-01-15 Sist oppdatert: 2023-03-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Graneheim, U. H., Lindgren, B.-M. & Lundman, B. (2017). Methodological challenges in qualitative content analysis: A discussion paper. Nurse Education Today, 56, 29-34
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Methodological challenges in qualitative content analysis: A discussion paper
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 56, s. 29-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This discussion paper is aimed to map content analysis in the qualitative paradigm and explore common methodological challenges. We discuss phenomenological descriptions of manifest content and hermeneutical interpretations of latent content. We demonstrate inductive, deductive, and abductive approaches to qualitative content analysis, and elaborate on the level of abstraction and degree of interpretation used in constructing categories, descriptive themes, and themes of meaning. With increased abstraction and interpretation comes an increased challenge to demonstrate the credibility and authenticity of the analysis. A key issue is to show the logic in how categories and themes are abstracted, interpreted, and connected to the aim and to each other. Qualitative content analysis is an autonomous method and can be used at varying levels of abstraction and interpretation.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE, 2017
Emneord
Abstraction level, Categories, Interpretation degree, Latent content, Manifest content, Qualitative content analysis, Themes
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138630 (URN)10.1016/j.nedt.2017.06.002 (DOI)000406725700006 ()28651100 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85021166616 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-08-29 Laget: 2017-08-29 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Norberg, A., Ternestedt, B.-M. & Lundman, B. (2017). Moments of homecoming among people with advanced dementia disease in a residential care facility. Dementia, 16(5), 629-641
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Moments of homecoming among people with advanced dementia disease in a residential care facility
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 629-641Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study concerns moments of homecoming among people with advanced dementia disease living in a residential care facility. Our main finding from participant observations with nine residents was that the residents showed moments of homecoming, i.e. they alternated between verbal and/or nonverbal expressions of feeling at home and of not feeling at home. If care providers understand that they can help people with advanced dementia disease experience moments of homecoming, they can focus on aspects of care that can promote these experiences.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2017
Emneord
dementia, ethnography, feeling at home, homecoming, residential care
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-114784 (URN)10.1177/1471301215613699 (DOI)000405005100006 ()26507520 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85022080995 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-02-01 Laget: 2016-01-28 Sist oppdatert: 2023-03-24bibliografisk kontrollert
Nygren, B., Aléx, L., Jonsén, E., Gustafson, Y., Norberg, A. & Lundman, B. (2017). Resilience, sense of coherence, purpose in life and self-transcendence in relation to perceived physical and mental health among the oldest old. In: Martin Orrell; Aimee Spector (Ed.), Psychology of aging: (pp. 85-93). Routledge
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Resilience, sense of coherence, purpose in life and self-transcendence in relation to perceived physical and mental health among the oldest old
Vise andre…
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Psychology of aging / [ed] Martin Orrell; Aimee Spector, Routledge, 2017, s. 85-93Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Different concepts have been presented which denote driving forces and strengths that contribute to a person’s ability to meet and handle adversities, and keep or regain health. The aim of this study, which is a part of The Umea 85+ study, was to describe resilience, sense of coherence, purpose in life and self-transcendence in relation to perceived physical and mental health in a sample of the oldest old. The study sample consisted of 125 participants 85 years of age or older, who ranked themselves on the Resilience Scale, Sense of Coherence Scale, Purpose in life Scale and Self-Transcendence Scale and answered the SF-36 Health Survey questionnaire. The findings showed significant correlations between scores on the Resilience Scale, the Sense of Coherence Scale, the Purpose in Life Test, and the Self-Transcendence Scale. Significant correlations were also found between these scales and the SF-36 Mental Health Summary among women but not among men. There was no significant correlation between perceived physical and mental health. The mean values of the different scales showed that the oldest old have the same or higher scores than younger age groups. Regression analyses also revealed sex differences regarding mental health. The conclusions are that, the correlation between scores on the different scales suggests that the scales measure some dimension of inner strength and that the oldest old have this strength at least in the same extent as younger adults. Another conclusion is that the dimensions that constitute mental health differ between women and men.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2017
Serie
The International Library of Psychology
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-203581 (URN)10.4324/9781315245706-15 (DOI)2-s2.0-85145829623 (Scopus ID)9781351907859 (ISBN)9780754627890 (ISBN)
Merknad

Published in printed form 2009.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-01-19 Laget: 2023-01-19 Sist oppdatert: 2023-01-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2929-9248