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Publikasjoner (10 av 38) Visa alla publikasjoner
Rostami, A., Burman, M., Ghazinour, M. & Hansson, J. (2024). Sexual and gender-based harassment against police employees in European countries: a scoping review. Journal of Language and Sexuality
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sexual and gender-based harassment against police employees in European countries: a scoping review
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Language and Sexuality, ISSN 2211-3770, E-ISSN 2211-3789Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Sexual and gender-based harassment is a work environment concern, especially in hierarchical and male-dominant organisations such as the police. This scoping review aims to examine the existing literature on such harassment against police employees in Europe to identify the available knowledge and highlight the gaps for future studies. Following the Arksey and O’Malley framework, 16 relevant articles were analysed. Most of the studies were focused on sexual harassment, and gender-based harassment was mostly absent or mixed with other discriminations. The analysis resulted in six main themes: existence of sexual and gender-based harassment; perpetrators; associated factors; consequences; individual response; and impact of organisational policies. The findings demonstrate that such harassment remains prevalent among police employees, emphasising the need for continuous and rigorous supervision, evaluation, and comprehensive revision of policies by police authorities. This study recommends further research to address the identified gaps in this field.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2024
Emneord
Police, Sexual harassment, Gender-based harassment, European countries, Work environment
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-219346 (URN)10.1080/13552600.2024.2316156 (DOI)2-s2.0-85186191774 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Umeå University
Merknad

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form. 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-11 Laget: 2024-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-08
Hansson, J. & Borglund, E. A. M. (2024). Situation awareness in tactical police interventions. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Situation awareness in tactical police interventions
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, ISSN 0882-0783, E-ISSN 1936-6469Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In extreme situations, the police have limited time to react when a threat or a situation arises suddenly. Situation awareness has been identified as a key factor for success in how tactical decisions are made. This helps the police to perform secure and legally correct interventions and decisions. We collected the primary data from 21 interviews with police officers, supplemented by literature and documents. We analyzed the relationship between tactical methods and situation awareness. The purpose of the article is to explore the relationship between police tactics and police officers’ work with situation awareness. Situation awareness has been studied through the lens of the Swedish police general tactical explanation model. We discuss how the general tactical explanation model provides the conditions for the police officers’ explanations to achieve situation awareness. We conclude that if the general tactical explanation model is applied during tactical interventions there are better possibilities to achieve situation awareness.

Emneord
Decision-making, Police, Situation awareness, Sweden, Tactical intervention
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
polisforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223555 (URN)10.1007/s11896-024-09677-8 (DOI)2-s2.0-85190648797 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-04-19 Laget: 2024-04-19 Sist oppdatert: 2024-05-06
Padyab, M., Hansson, J., Sundqvist, J., Inzunza, M. & Ghazinour, M. (2023). A comparative study of stress experienced by Swedish and Norwegian police officers. Frontiers in Health Services, 3
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A comparative study of stress experienced by Swedish and Norwegian police officers
Vise andre…
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Health Services, E-ISSN 2813-0146, Vol. 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Police officers work in a variable environment under different circumstances and often involves stressful situations. This include working irregular hours, ongoing exposure to critical incidents, confrontations and violence. community police officers are mainly out in the society and have daily contact with the general public. critical incidents can also consist of being criticized and stigmatized as a police officer, both from the public but also lack of support from their own organization. There is evidence on negative impacts of stress on police officers. However, knowledge about the nature of police stress and its various types is insufficient. It is assumed that there are common stress factors which are universal among all police officers in different contexts but there is a lack of comparative studies to provide empirical evidence. The aim of this study is to compare different types of stress among police officers in Norway and Sweden and how the pattern of experiencing stress has changed over time in these countries.

Methods: The study population consisted of patrolling police officers from 20 local police districts or units in all seven regions in Sweden (n = 953) and patrolling police officers from four police districts in Norway (n = 678). A 42-item Police Stress Identification Questionnaire was used to measure the stress level.

Results: The findings show differences in types of stressful events as well as its severity among police officers in Sweden and Norway. The level of stress decreased over time among Swedish police officers whereas it showed no change or even an increase among the Norwegian participants.

Discussion: The results of this study are relevant for policy-makers, police authorities and lay police officers in each country to tailor their efforts to prevent stress among police officers.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Emneord
stress, police, comparative study, Sweden, Norway
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-208339 (URN)10.3389/frhs.2023.1072248 (DOI)001112632600001 ()36926512 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85159670302 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-05-20 Laget: 2023-05-20 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-21bibliografisk kontrollert
Crofts, N. & Hansson, J. (Eds.). (2023). Abstracts from the First European Conference on Law Enforcement and Public Health, Umea 2023. Paper presented at European Regional Law Enforcement and Public Health Conference, 21-24 May, 2023, Umeå, Sweden. Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Abstracts from the First European Conference on Law Enforcement and Public Health, Umea 2023
2023 (engelsk)Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet, 2023. s. 140
Serie
Polisutbildningens skriftserie ; 14
Emneord
health, law enforcement, police, public health, resilience
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
polisforskning; folkhälsa
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-208301 (URN)978-91-8070-109-9 (ISBN)
Konferanse
European Regional Law Enforcement and Public Health Conference, 21-24 May, 2023, Umeå, Sweden
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-05-17 Laget: 2023-05-17 Sist oppdatert: 2023-05-17bibliografisk kontrollert
Borglund, E. A. M. & Hansson, J. (2023). Active shooter events, a challenge. In: J. Radianti; I. Dokas; N. LaLone; D. Khazanchi (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference: . Paper presented at 20th Global Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Conference (ISCRAM 2023) Omaha, Nebraska, USA, May 28–31, 2023 (pp. 1051-1058). Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Active shooter events, a challenge
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference / [ed] J. Radianti; I. Dokas; N. LaLone; D. Khazanchi, Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM , 2023, s. 1051-1058Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

An active shooter event is one of the most complicated situations a police officer could face. Today the standard procedure for an active shooter event is to enter the scene and try to prevent casualties. This involves taking great risks and puts the police officers in a situation they have not been trained for. This is a work in progress paper where the long-term goal is to develop modern technology that could increase the chance of saving lives and decrease the risk of being injured or killed during an active shooter event. Six active shooter event exercises taking place in Sweden have been studied using an ethnographic field study approach. Four themes have been identified where we argue that technology could enhance the police mission: A) Situational awareness; B) Decision making/prioritization; C) Localization of both sound and people; D) Decreasing time of intervention.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM, 2023
Serie
Proceedings of the International ISCRAM Conference, ISSN 2411-3387
Emneord
Active shooter event, police tactics, police interventions, lifesaving
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
polisforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-213189 (URN)2-s2.0-85171742459 (Scopus ID)9798218217495 (ISBN)
Konferanse
20th Global Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management Conference (ISCRAM 2023) Omaha, Nebraska, USA, May 28–31, 2023
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-08-22 Laget: 2023-08-22 Sist oppdatert: 2023-09-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Hansson, J., Eriksson, M., Hjertstedt, M. & Ghazinour, M. (2023). Coercive measures against minors in the Swedish asylum process: legal uncertainty, ambivalence and experiences of intrusiveness. Nordic Journal of Social Research, 14(1), 1-21
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Coercive measures against minors in the Swedish asylum process: legal uncertainty, ambivalence and experiences of intrusiveness
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Social Research, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Asylum-seeking minors are viewed as particularly vulnerable but are still exposed to coercive measures permitted by law. This study analyses Swedish Police Authority and Swedish Migration Agency officials’ perceptions of coercive measures towards minors in the asylum process in light of the Swedish law, and raises minors’ own voices on their experiences of coercive measures. Qualitative interviews were performed with 1) officials at the Swedish Police Authority and Swedish Migration Agency who manage and use coercive actions against minors and 2) former minors with experiences of being subjected to coercive measures. Based on a thematic analysis, the results illustrate how the officials’ perceptions about coercive measures are characterized by uncertainty and ambivalence. The minors expressed the importance of how they were treated during the asylum process rather than the coercive measure as such. Swedish law regulating coercive measures needs clarifications to give sufficient guidance for practice.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Universitetsforlaget, 2023
Emneord
asylum-seeking minors, law, officials, thematic analysis, qualitative interviews
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
polisforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-216998 (URN)10.18261/njsr.14.1.6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85179495917 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2018-00410
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-11-23 Laget: 2023-11-23 Sist oppdatert: 2023-12-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Hansson, J. & Padyab, M. (2023). How the availability and adequacy of social support affect the general mental health of Swedish police officers. Frontiers in Psychology, 14, Article ID 1196320.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>How the availability and adequacy of social support affect the general mental health of Swedish police officers
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, artikkel-id 1196320Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Police work is stressful. A protective function against work stress and harm to mental health is social support, either within or outside work. This cross-sectional study analyzes the associations of quantitative (availability) and qualitative (adequacy) aspects of social support with general mental health among Swedish police officers. A total of 728 officers responded to a national survey. Bivariate analyses (t-test and chi square) identified continuous and categorical variables (respectively) statistically significantly associated with sex and social support. Pearson correlation coefficient was provided to indicate the associations between general mental health and different types of social support. Sex-stratified logistic regression modeling calculated crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and assessed the relationships between different types of social support, sociodemographic variables and general mental health. The findings show that low adequacy of attachment is associated with poorer mental health among female officers, although female officers also reported higher availability of both social interaction and attachment compared to male officers. We found an association between low work-related social support and poorer mental health among single male police officers. Moreover, police officers who worked shifts, were younger, had less work experience, and/or had no children reported higher availability of attachment, whereas older police officers reported higher adequacy of social interaction compared to younger police officers. Variation in the quantity and quality of close social relationships seems to be important to mental health. Police organizations need to be aware of this in their efforts to make the work environment more supportive. Social support might create an environment where officers feel more comfortable discussing their mental health concerns and seeking assistance. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Emneord
emotional support, mental health, police, social interaction, social support, Sweden
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
polisforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-215302 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1196320 (DOI)2-s2.0-85175379976 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-10-16 Laget: 2023-10-16 Sist oppdatert: 2023-11-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Bartkowiak-Théron, I., Bent, R. & Hansson, J. (2023). LEPH 2023: Together again towards resilient communities [Letter to the editor]. Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 8(1), 4-5
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>LEPH 2023: Together again towards resilient communities
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, E-ISSN 2371-4298, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 4-5Artikkel i tidsskrift, Letter (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
polisforskning; folkhälsa
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206096 (URN)10.35502/jcswb.314 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-03-28 Laget: 2023-03-28 Sist oppdatert: 2023-03-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Hjertstedt, M., Nilsson, I. & Hansson, J. (2023). Migrant minors in detention: Practical needs and the limits set by the European Convention. Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 8(4), 166-175
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Migrant minors in detention: Practical needs and the limits set by the European Convention
2023 (svensk)Inngår i: Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, ISSN 2371-4298, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 166-175Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

State officials report practical needs to put migrant minors in detention, and the European Convention on Human Rights sets legal limits on this practice. This article defines the scope of circumstances under which migrating minors may be detained by analyzing The European Court of Human Rights case law, using judgments in which the detention of migrant minors has been alleged a violation of Articles 3, 5.1, or 8. It also explores states’ needs for detaining such children, using data from 19 interviews with Swedish police officers, and compares these views with the case law. Police interviewees primarily describe two needs to detain children: to make deportations of children smooth and dignified, and to prevent minors from committing crimes. The investigation finds that migrant minor detentions are rarely permissible according to the Convention—especially under Article 3—and that the permissible scope is too small to meet the expressed practical needs. The actors involved in the issue of detaining migrant minors might have different perspectives on the issue, but they must not lose sight of the fact that these children are categorized as some of the most vulnerable in society and that their rights must be protected.

Emneord
children, human rights, law, migration, police
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
offentlig rätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218362 (URN)10.35502/jcswb.354 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-12-19 Laget: 2023-12-19 Sist oppdatert: 2023-12-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Hansson, J. & Borglund, E. A. M. (2023). Polisiär konflikthantering: Ett integrerat taktiskt förhållningssätt för god arbetsmiljö. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Polisiär konflikthantering: Ett integrerat taktiskt förhållningssätt för god arbetsmiljö
2023 (svensk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [sv]

Det behövs en ökad förståelse för det integrerade taktiska förhållningssättet och dess helhet som härstammar tillbaka till den Nationella bastaktikens ändamål, det vill säga ”ett rättesnöre för alla poliser i deras förhållningssätt till och bedömningar av person eller grupp han/hon kommunicerar med eller ingriper mot, fysisk omgivning, samt egna förmågor och begränsningar.” Syftet med denna rapport är att på ett vetenskapligt och strukturerat sätt undersöka om POLKON som koncept med hänsyn till integreringen av kunskapsområdena skapar förutsättningar för en god arbetsmiljö för enskilda poliser. Empirin i denna rapport är 28 intervjuer (19 män, nio kvinnor) med poliser från samtliga polisregioner i Sverige. Intervjuerna genomfördes under hösten 2022. 

Resultaten visar att erfarenhet ses som en tillgång när det gäller att tillämpa det integrerade taktiska förhållningssättet. Enligt POLKON:s utbildningsmaterial ska individens förståelse, förhållningssätt och förmåga bidra till att i ett integrerat taktiskt förhållningssätt sträva efter kontroll i situationen, det vill säga tid och egen förmåga till adekvat åtgärd. Resultaten visar att POLKON som koncept tillämpas men att det finns variationer i såväl förståelsen som tillämpningen. Resultaten visar vidare att kommunikation är grunden i ingripande polisarbete men att det skiljer sig åt mellan olika poliser. Kopplingen mellan de olika kunskapsområdena, det vill säga taktik, mentalt och kommunikativt är dock inte helt uttalad. Resultaten visar att POLKON som koncept är anpassat till det praktiska arbetet som polis. Det finns inget i resultaten som indikerar att det integrerade taktiska förhållningssättet inte är anpassat efter det som poliserna ställs inför i sitt vardagliga arbete. Det finns snarare de som menar att de har allt de behöver för alla typer av ingripanden i sin förståelse av de grundläggande principerna. 

Resultaten från vår studie visar att det finns goda förutsättningar för att det integrerade taktiska förhållningssättet och POLKON som koncept kan bidra till att svensk polis gör rättssäkra och säkra ingripanden för polisen, den de ingriper mot samt eventuell tredje part. Vi har inte funnit något i resultaten som visar att de grundläggande teorierna och principerna för ingripanden brister även om det kräver ständig utveckling utifrån hur samhället och därmed polisarbetet förändras och utvecklas. 

Det finns internationell forskning som ger stöd åt flera av de nationellt fastställda metoderna och den grundläggande taktiska förklaringsmodellen. Utbildningsmaterialet är i behov av en revidering särskilt med tanke på att det finns ett förhållandevis omfattande stöd i internationell befintlig forskning för många av de metoder som finns nationellt fastställda. Resultatet diskuteras i relation till tidigare forskning och slutsatser och rekommendationer redovisas i sin helhet i slutet av rapporten. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2023. s. 28
Serie
Polisutbildningens skriftserie ; 15
Emneord
kommunikation, mental förberedelse, polis, polkon, taktik, utbildning
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
polisforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-214212 (URN)978-91-8070-166-2 (ISBN)978-91-8070-167-9 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-09-08 Laget: 2023-09-08 Sist oppdatert: 2023-09-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6113-414X