Umeå universitets logga

umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Länk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Mellberg, Caroline
Alternativa namn
Publikationer (10 of 23) Visa alla publikationer
Franklin, K. A., Lindberg, E., Svensson, J., Larsson, C., Lindahl, B., Mellberg, C., . . . Ryberg, M. (2022). Effects of a palaeolithic diet on obstructive sleep apnoea occurring in females who are overweight after menopause: a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Obesity, 46(10), 1833-1839
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Effects of a palaeolithic diet on obstructive sleep apnoea occurring in females who are overweight after menopause: a randomised controlled trial
Visa övriga...
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Obesity, ISSN 0307-0565, E-ISSN 1476-5497, Vol. 46, nr 10, s. 1833-1839Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background/Objectives: Obesity is the main risk factor for obstructive sleep apnoea, commonly occurring in females who are overweight after menopause. We aimed to study the effect of a palaeolithic diet on sleep apnoea in females with overweight after menopause from the population.

Methods: Seventy healthy, non-smoking females with a mean age of 60 years and a mean BMI of 33 kg/m2 were randomised to a palaeolithic diet or to a control low-fat diet according to Nordic Nutritional Recommendations, for 2 years. The apnoea-hypopnoea index was measured and daytime sleepiness was estimated during the intervention.

Results: The mean apnoea-hypopnoea index at baseline was 11.6 (95% CI 8.6–14.5). The mean weight loss was 7.2 kg (95% CI 5.3–9.2 kg) in the palaeolithic diet group and 3.9 kg in the control group (95% CI 1.9–5.9 kg); p < 0.021 for the group difference. The reduction in weight corresponded to a reduction in the apnoea-hypopnoea index in the palaeolithic diet group (r = 0.38, p = 0.034) but not in the control group (r = 0.08, p = 0.69). The apnoea-hypopnoea index was reduced in the palaeolithic diet group when the weight was reduced by more than 8 kg. Daytime sleepiness according to the Epworth Sleepiness Scale score and the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale score was unaffected by dietary group allocation.

Conclusions: A substantial decrease in body weight of 8 kg was needed to achieve a reduction in sleep apnoea in this small trial of women who are overweight after menopause. The palaeolithic diet was more effective for weight reduction than a control low-fat diet and the reduction in sleep apnoea was related to the degree of weight decrement within this diet group.

Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT00692536.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Nature, 2022
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-198343 (URN)10.1038/s41366-022-01182-4 (DOI)000829692700001 ()35879528 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85134643819 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Hjärt-LungfondenVetenskapsrådetForte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärdRegion Västerbotten
Tillgänglig från: 2022-08-01 Skapad: 2022-08-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Otten, J., Ryberg, M., Mellberg, C., Andersson, T., Chorell, E., Lindahl, B., . . . Olsson, T. (2019). Postprandial levels of GLP-1, GIP, and glucagon after two years of weight loss with a Paleolithic diet: a randomized controlled trial in healthy obese women. European Journal of Endocrinology, 180(6), 417-427
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Postprandial levels of GLP-1, GIP, and glucagon after two years of weight loss with a Paleolithic diet: a randomized controlled trial in healthy obese women
Visa övriga...
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology, ISSN 0804-4643, E-ISSN 1479-683X, Vol. 180, nr 6, s. 417-427Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate how weight loss by different diets impacts on postprandial levels of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), and glucagon.

METHODS: In this single-centre, parallel group 2-year trial, 70 healthy postmenopausal obese women were randomized to the Paleolithic diet or a healthy control diet based on Nordic Nutrition Recommendations. Both diets were without calorie restriction. The primary outcome was the change in fat mass. Here, secondary analyses on GLP-1, GIP, and glucagon measured during an OGTT are described.

RESULTS: In the Paleolithic diet group, mean weight loss compared to baseline was 11% at 6 months, and 10% at 24 months. In the control diet group, mean weight loss was 6% after 6 and 24 months (P = 0.0001 and P = 0.049 for the comparison between groups at 6 and 24 months respectively). Compared to baseline, the mean incremental area under the curve (iAUC) for GLP-1 increased by 34% and 45% after 6 and 24 months in the Paleolithic diet group, and increased by 59% after 24 months in the control diet group. The mean iAUC for GIP increased only in the Paleolithic diet group. The AUC for glucagon increased during the first 6 months in both groups. The fasting glucagon increase correlated with the β-hydroxybutyrate increase.

CONCLUSIONS: Weight loss caused an increase in postprandial GLP-1 levels and a further rise occurred during weight maintenance. Postprandial GIP levels increased only after the Paleolithic diet. Reduced postprandial glucagon suppression may be caused by a catabolic state.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Bioscientifica, 2019
Nyckelord
glucagon, glucagon-like peptide 1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, glucose tolerance test, Paleolithic diet, weight loss
Nationell ämneskategori
Endokrinologi och diabetes
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158775 (URN)10.1530/EJE-19-0082 (DOI)000468743400012 ()31042670 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85066329068 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2006-0699Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2010-0398Vetenskapsrådet, K2011-12237-15-16Hjärt-LungfondenDiabetesförbundetVästerbottens läns landsting
Tillgänglig från: 2019-05-08 Skapad: 2019-05-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Manousou, S., Stål, M., Larsson, C., Mellberg, C., Lindahl, B., Eggertsen, R., . . . Nyström, H. F. (2018). A Paleolithic-type diet results in iodine deficiency: a 2-year randomized trial in postmenopausal obese women.. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(1), 124-129
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A Paleolithic-type diet results in iodine deficiency: a 2-year randomized trial in postmenopausal obese women.
Visa övriga...
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 72, nr 1, s. 124-129Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Different diets are used for weight loss. A Paleolithic-type diet (PD) has beneficial metabolic effects, but two of the largest iodine sources, table salt and dairy products, are excluded. The objectives of this study were to compare 24-h urinary iodine concentration (24-UIC) in subjects on PD with 24-UIC in subjects on a diet according to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) and to study if PD results in a higher risk of developing iodine deficiency (ID), than NNR diet.

SUBJECTS/METHODS: A 2-year prospective randomized trial in a tertiary referral center where healthy postmenopausal overweight or obese women were randomized to either PD (n=35) or NNR diet (n=35). Dietary iodine intake, 24-UIC, 24-h urinary iodine excretion (24-UIE), free thyroxin (FT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3) and thyrotropin (TSH) were measured at baseline, 6 and 24 months. Completeness of urine sampling was monitored by para-aminobenzoic acid and salt intake by urinary sodium.

RESULTS: At baseline, median 24-UIC (71.0 μg/l) and 24-UIE (134.0 μg/d) were similar in the PD and NNR groups. After 6 months, 24-UIC had decreased to 36.0 μg/l (P=0.001) and 24-UIE to 77.0 μg/d (P=0.001) in the PD group; in the NNR group, levels were unaltered. FT4, TSH and FT3 were similar in both groups, except for FT3 at 6 months being lower in PD than in NNR group.

CONCLUSIONS: A PD results in a higher risk of developing ID, than a diet according to the NNR. Therefore, we suggest iodine supplementation should be considered when on a PD.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Nature Publishing Group, 2018
Nationell ämneskategori
Näringslära
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140504 (URN)10.1038/ejcn.2017.134 (DOI)000419795000017 ()28901333 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85040341972 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-10-12 Skapad: 2017-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Blomquist, C., Chorell, E., Ryberg, M., Mellberg, C., Worrsjö, E., Makoveichuk, E., . . . Olsson, T. (2018). Decreased lipogenesis-promoting factors in adipose tissue in postmenopausal women with overweight on a Paleolithic-type diet. European Journal of Nutrition, 57(8), 2877-2886
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Decreased lipogenesis-promoting factors in adipose tissue in postmenopausal women with overweight on a Paleolithic-type diet
Visa övriga...
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 1436-6207, E-ISSN 1436-6215, Vol. 57, nr 8, s. 2877-2886Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: We studied effects of diet-induced postmenopausal weight loss on gene expression and activity of proteins involved in lipogenesis and lipolysis in adipose tissue.

Methods: Fifty-eight postmenopausal women with overweight (BMI 32.5 ± 5.5) were randomized to eat an ad libitum Paleolithic-type diet (PD) aiming for a high intake of protein and unsaturated fatty acids or a prudent control diet (CD) for 24 months. Anthropometry, plasma adipokines, gene expression of proteins involved in fat metabolism in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity and mass in SAT were measured at baseline and after 6 months. LPL mass and activity were also measured after 24 months.

Results: The PD led to improved insulin sensitivity (P < 0.01) and decreased circulating triglycerides (P < 0.001), lipogenesis-related factors, including LPL mRNA (P < 0.05), mass (P < 0.01), and activity (P < 0.001); as well as gene expressions of CD36 (P < 0.05), fatty acid synthase, FAS (P < 0.001) and diglyceride acyltransferase 2, DGAT2 (P < 0.001). The LPL activity (P < 0.05) and gene expression of DGAT2 (P < 0.05) and FAS (P < 0.05) were significantly lowered in the PD group versus the CD group at 6 months and the LPL activity (P < 0.05) remained significantly lowered in the PD group compared to the CD group at 24 months.

Conclusions: Compared to the CD, the PD led to a more pronounced reduction of lipogenesis-promoting factors in SAT among postmenopausal women with overweight. This could have mediated the favorable metabolic effects of the PD on triglyceride levels and insulin sensitivity.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2018
Nyckelord
diet, fat metabolism, lipoprotein lipase, obesity, postmenopausal women
Nationell ämneskategori
Näringslära
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141559 (URN)10.1007/s00394-017-1558-0 (DOI)000450829600020 ()29075849 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85032386275 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-08 Skapad: 2017-11-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Blomquist, C., Alvehus, M., Burén, J., Ryberg, M., Larsson, C., Lindahl, B., . . . Olsson, T. (2017). Attenuated Low-Grade Inflammation Following Long-Term Dietary Intervention in Postmenopausal Women with Obesity. Obesity, 25(5), 892-900
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Attenuated Low-Grade Inflammation Following Long-Term Dietary Intervention in Postmenopausal Women with Obesity
Visa övriga...
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Obesity, ISSN 1930-7381, E-ISSN 1930-739X, Vol. 25, nr 5, s. 892-900Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Abdominal fat accumulation after menopause is associated with low-grade inflammation and increased risk of metabolic disorders. Effective long-term lifestyle treatment is therefore needed.

METHODS: Seventy healthy postmenopausal women (age 60 ± 5.6 years) with BMI 32.5 ± 5.5 were randomized to a Paleolithic-type diet (PD) or a prudent control diet (CD) for 24 months. Blood samples and fat biopsies were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 24 months to analyze inflammation-related parameters.

RESULTS: Android fat decreased significantly more in the PD group (P = 0.009) during the first 6 months with weight maintenance at 24 months in both groups. Long-term significant effects (P < 0.001) on adipose gene expression were found for toll-like receptor 4 (decreased at 24 months) and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (increased at 24 months) in both groups. Serum interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α levels were decreased at 24 months in both groups (P < 0.001) with a significant diet-by-time interaction for serum IL-6 (P = 0.022). High-sensitivity C-reactive protein was decreased in the PD group at 24 months (P = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: A reduction of abdominal obesity in postmenopausal women is linked to specific changes in inflammation-related adipose gene expression.

Nationell ämneskategori
Näringslära
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134986 (URN)10.1002/oby.21815 (DOI)000400045000013 ()28440046 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85018850409 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, K2011-12237-15-6
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-15 Skapad: 2017-05-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Otten, J., Ryberg, M., Mellberg, C., Lindahl, B., Larsson, C., Holst, J. J. & Olsson, T. (2017). Weight loss by two different diets increases the postprandial response of GLP-1 but only the Paleolithic diet increases the postprandial response of GIP. Paper presented at 53rd Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-the-Study-of-Diabetes (EASD), Lisbon, Portugal, September 11-15, 2017. Diabetologia, 60, S233-S233
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Weight loss by two different diets increases the postprandial response of GLP-1 but only the Paleolithic diet increases the postprandial response of GIP
Visa övriga...
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 60, s. S233-S233Artikel i tidskrift, Meeting abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and aims: Weight loss by diet intervention has shown conflicting results on postprandial levels of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). We therefore investigated a Paleolithic diet (PD) and a prudent control diet according to the Nordic nutrition recommendations (CD) and aimed to compare the effect of the two diets on postprandial levels of GLP-1 and GIP.

Materials and methods: Seventy healthy, obese, postmenopausal women were randomized to either the PD or the CD. In the PD group participants were advised to eat vegetables, fruit, lean meat, fish, nuts and eggs. Cereals, dairy products, added sugar and salt were excluded. With the CD participants were advised to increase their intake of whole grain, fruit, vegetables and fish. Dairy products and meat were supposed to be low fat. Both diets were without calorie restriction. Plasma levels of GLP-1 and GIP were measured after ingestion of 75 g glucose at baseline and after 6 and 24 months of diet intervention. The incremental area under the curve (iAUC) of GLP-1 and GIP was calculated during 120 min after glucose intake.

Results: The PD group showed a more pronounced weight reduction after 6 months (9.2 ± 4.2 kg (mean±SD)) and 24 months (8.1 ± 5.6 kg) compared to the CD group (4.7 ± 4.2 kg at 6 months and 4.9 ± 4.8 kg at 24 months; P<0.001 and P<0.05 for the difference between groups at 6 months and 24 months). For the PD group the iAUC of GLP-1 increased by 34 % after 6 months and by 45 % after 24 months compared to baseline. For the CD group the iAUC of GLP-1 increased by 11 % after 6 months and by 59 % after 24 months. For the PD group the iAUC of GIP increased by 23 % after 6 months compared to baseline but decreased by 3 % in the CD group (P<0.05 for the difference between groups).

Conclusion: Postprandial levels of GLP-1 increased through dietinduced weight loss by the Paleolithic diet and the control diet. The postprandial GIP response increased through weight loss by the Paleolithic diet but not by the control diet.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Endokrinologi och diabetes
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140913 (URN)10.1007/s00125-017-4350-z (DOI)000408315001288 ()
Konferens
53rd Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-the-Study-of-Diabetes (EASD), Lisbon, Portugal, September 11-15, 2017
Anmärkning

Supplement:1, Meeting Abstract: 511

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-20 Skapad: 2017-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-08-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Andersson, J., Mellberg, C., Otten, J., Ryberg, M., Rinnström, D., Larsson, C., . . . Olsson, T. (2016). Left ventricular remodelling changes without concomitant loss of myocardial fat after long-term dietary intervention. International Journal of Cardiology, 216, 92-96
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Left ventricular remodelling changes without concomitant loss of myocardial fat after long-term dietary intervention
Visa övriga...
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 216, s. 92-96Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Accumulation of myocardial triglycerides (MTG) is associated with impaired left ventricular (LV) remodelling and function in obese and diabetic subjects. The role of MTG accumulation in development of heart failure in this group of patients is unknown. Short-term studies suggest that diets that lead to weight loss could mobilize MTG, with a favourable effect on cardiac remodelling. In a 24-month, randomized, investigator-blinded study, we assessed the effect of two different diets and subsequent weight loss on cardiac function and MTG in postmenopausal women. Methods: Sixty-eight healthy postmenopausal women with body mass index [BMI] >= 27 kg/m(2) were randomized to an ad libitum Palaeolithic diet (PD) or a Nordic Nutrition Recommendation (NNR) diet for 24 months. Morphology, cardiac function, and MTG levels were measured using magnetic resonance (MR) scanning, including proton spectroscopy at baseline and 6 and 24 months. Results: Despite mean weight losses of 4.9 (1.0) kg (NNR) and 7.8 (1.1) kg (PD), the MTG content did not change over time (p = 0.98 in the NNR and p = 0.11 in the PD group at 24 months). Reduced left ventricular mass was observed in both diet groups over 24 months. Blood pressure was reduced at 6 months, but returned to baseline levels at 24 months. End diastolic volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output decreased over time. No differences between diet groups were observed. Conclusions: Diet intervention and moderate weight loss over 24 months improved LV remodelling but did not alter MTG levels in overweight/obese postmenopausal women.

Nyckelord
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) imaging, Diet, Metabolic heart disease, Obesity, Weight reduction
Nationell ämneskategori
Kardiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123040 (URN)10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.050 (DOI)000376820700015 ()27149238 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84964765661 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-26 Skapad: 2016-06-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Chorell, E., Ryberg, M., Larsson, C., Sandberg, S., Mellberg, C., Lindahl, B., . . . Olsson, T. (2016). Plasma metabolomic response to postmenopausal weight loss induced by different diets. Metabolomics, 12(5), Article ID 85.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Plasma metabolomic response to postmenopausal weight loss induced by different diets
Visa övriga...
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Metabolomics, ISSN 1573-3882, E-ISSN 1573-3890, Vol. 12, nr 5, artikel-id 85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Menopause is associated with increased abdominal fat and increased risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Objectives The present study evaluated the plasma metabolic response in relation to insulin sensitivity after weight loss via diet intervention. Methods This work includes two studies; i) Ten women on a 5 weeks Paleolithic-type diet (PD, 30 energy percent (E%) protein, 40 E% fat, 30 E% carbohydrates), ii) 55 women on 6 months of either PD or Nordic Nutrition Recommendations diet (NNR, 15 E% protein, 30 E% fat, and 55 E% carbohydrates). Plasma metabolic profiles were acquired at baseline and post diet using gas chromatography time-of-flight/mass spectrometry and investigated in relation to insulin sensitivity using multivariate bioinformatics. Results Both the PD and NNR diet resulted in significant weight loss, reduced waist circumference, improved serum lipid profiles, and improved insulin sensitivity. We detected a baseline metabolic profile that correlated significantly with insulin sensitivity, and of which components increased significantly in the PD group compared to NNR. Specifically, a significant increase in myo-inositol (MI), a second messenger of insulin action, and beta-hydroxybutyric acid (beta-HB)increased while dihomogamma-linoleic acid (DGLA) decreased in PD compared to NNR, which correlated with improved insulin sensitivity. We also detected a significant decrease in tyrosine and tryptophan, potential markers of insulin resistance when elevated in the circulation, with the PD but not the NNR. Conclusions Using metabolomics, we detected changes in the plasma metabolite profiles associated with weight loss in postmenopausal women by different diets. The metabolic profiles following 6 months of PD were linked to beneficial effects on insulin sensitivity compared to NNR.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2016
Nyckelord
Metabolomics, Mass spectrometry, Multivariate analysis, Paleolithic-type diet (PD), Nordic Nutrition commendation (NNR), Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), Insulin sensitivity, Weight loss, Myoinositol I), 1, 5-anhydroglucitol (1, 5-AG)
Nationell ämneskategori
Allmänmedicin
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119058 (URN)10.1007/s11306-016-1013-x (DOI)000372157700008 ()2-s2.0-85008440655 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-04-20 Skapad: 2016-04-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Otten, J., Mellberg, C., Ryberg, M., Sandberg, S., Kullberg, J., Lindahl, B., . . . Olsson, T. (2016). Strong and persistent effect on liver fat with a Paleolithic diet during a two-year intervention. International Journal of Obesity, 40(5), 747-753
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Strong and persistent effect on liver fat with a Paleolithic diet during a two-year intervention
Visa övriga...
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Obesity, ISSN 0307-0565, E-ISSN 1476-5497, Vol. 40, nr 5, s. 747-753Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate changes in liver fat and insulin sensitivity during a 2-year diet intervention. An ad libitum Paleolithic diet (PD) was compared with a conventional low-fat diet (LFD).

SUBJECTS/METHODS: Seventy healthy, obese, postmenopausal women were randomized to either a PD or a conventional LFD. Diet intakes were ad libitum. Liver fat was measured with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Insulin sensitivity was evaluated with oral glucose tolerance tests and calculated as homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)/liver insulin resistance (Liver IR) index for hepatic insulin sensitivity and oral glucose insulin sensitivity (OGIS)/Matsuda for peripheral insulin sensitivity. All measurements were performed at 0, 6 and 24 months. Forty-one women completed the examinations for liver fat and were included.

RESULTS: Liver fat decreased after 6 months by 64% (95% confidence interval: 54-74%) in the PD group and by 43% (27-59%) in the LFD group (P<0.01 for difference between groups). After 24 months, liver fat decreased 50% (25-75%) in the PD group and 49% (27-71%) in the LFD group. Weight reduction between baseline and 6 months was correlated to liver fat improvement in the LFD group (rs=0.66, P<0.01) but not in the PD group (rs=0.07, P=0.75). Hepatic insulin sensitivity improved during the first 6 months in the PD group (P<0.001 for Liver IR index and HOMA-IR), but deteriorated between 6 and 24 months without association with liver fat changes.

CONCLUSIONS: A PD with ad libitum intake had a significant and persistent effect on liver fat and differed significantly from a conventional LFD at 6 months. This difference may be due to food quality, for example, a higher content of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids in the PD. Changes in liver fat did not associate with alterations in insulin sensitivity.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 16 February 2016; doi:10.1038/ijo.2016.4.

Nationell ämneskategori
Näringslära
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117538 (URN)10.1038/ijo.2016.4 (DOI)000377616500003 ()26786351 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84958073212 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, K2011-12237-15-6
Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-01 Skapad: 2016-03-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Stomby, A., Simonyte, K., Mellberg, C., Ryberg, M., Stimson, R. H., Larsson, C., . . . Olsson, T. (2015). Diet-induced weight loss has chronic tissue-specific effects on glucocorticoid metabolism in overweight postmenopausal women. International Journal of Obesity, 39(5), 814-819
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Diet-induced weight loss has chronic tissue-specific effects on glucocorticoid metabolism in overweight postmenopausal women
Visa övriga...
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Obesity, ISSN 0307-0565, E-ISSN 1476-5497, Vol. 39, nr 5, s. 814-819Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background/Objectives: Tissue-specific glucocorticoid metabolism is altered in obesity, and may increase cardiovascular risk. This dysregulation is normalized by short-term calorie restriction and weight loss, an effect that varies with dietary macronutrient composition. However, tissue-specific glucocorticoid metabolism has not been studied during long-term (>6 months) dietary interventions. Therefore our aim was to test whether long-term dietary interventions, either a paleolithic-type diet (PD) or a diet according to Nordic nutrition recommendations (NNR) could normalize tissue-specific glucocorticoid metabolism in overweight and obese women.

Subjects/Methods: Forty-nine overweight/obese postmenopausal women were randomized to a paleolithic diet or a diet according to NNR for 24 months. At baseline, 6 and 24 months anthropometric measurements, insulin sensitivity, excretion of urinary glucocorticoid metabolites in 24-hour collections, conversion of orally administered cortisone to plasma cortisol and transcript levels of 11β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1) in subcutaneous adipose tissue were studied.

Results: Both diet groups achieved significant and sustained weight loss. Weight loss with the PD was greater than on NNR diet after 6 months (P<0.001) but similar at 24 months. Urinary measurement of 5α-reductase activity was increased after 24 months in both groups compared with baseline (P<0.001). Subcutaneous adipose tissue 11βHSD1 gene expression decreased at 6 and 24 months in both diet groups (P=0.036). Consistent with increased liver 11βHSD1, conversion of oral cortisone to cortisol increased at 6 months (P=0.023) but was unchanged compared with baseline by 24 months.

Conclusions: Long-term weight loss in postmenopausal women has tissue-specific and time-dependent effects on glucocorticoid metabolism. This may alter local-tissue cortisol exposure contributing to improved metabolic function during weight loss.

Nationell ämneskategori
Näringslära
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-96782 (URN)10.1038/ijo.2014.188 (DOI)000354097900013 ()25349058 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84928924061 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-03 Skapad: 2014-12-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer

Sök vidare i DiVA

Visa alla publikationer