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Nilsson, H., Zhang, Q., Stenberg Wieser, G., Holmström, M., Barabash, S., Futaana, Y., . . . Wieser, M. (2023). Solar cycle variation of ion escape from Mars. Icarus, 393, Article ID 114610.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Solar cycle variation of ion escape from Mars
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Icarus, ISSN 0019-1035, E-ISSN 1090-2643, Vol. 393, artikel-id 114610Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Using Mars Express data from 2007 until 2020 we show how ion outflow from Mars varied over more than a solar cycle, from one solar minimum to another. The data was divided into intervals with a length of one Martian year, starting from 30 April 2007 and ending 13 July 2020. The net escape rate was about 5×1024s−1 in the first covered minimum, and 2−3×1024s−1 in the most recent minimum. Ion escape peaked at 1×1025s−1 during the intervening solar maximum. The outflow is a clear function of the solar cycle, in agreement with previous studies which found a clear relationship between solar EUV flux and ion escape at Mars. The outflow during solar maximum is 2.5 to 3 times higher than in the surrounding solar minima. The average solar wind dynamic pressure over a Martian year was investigated, but does not vary much with the solar cycle. The escape rate at solar maximum is in good agreement with some recent MAVEN studies, and dominated by low energy ions at most sampled locations. A simple linear fit to the data gives a prediction of the escape rate for the much stronger solar maximum during the Phobos mission in 1989 that is consistent with observations. The fit also implies a non-linear response of ion escape for low solar EUV, with a lower initial escape response for lower solar EUV levels than those of the studied data set.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Academic Press, 2023
Nyckelord
Magnetospheres, Mars, Mars atmosphere, Mars climate
Nationell ämneskategori
Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191346 (URN)10.1016/j.icarus.2021.114610 (DOI)000953414200001 ()2-s2.0-85111018401 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-13 Skapad: 2022-01-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Pontoni, A., Shimoyama, M., Futaana, Y., Fatemi, S., Poppe, A., Wieser, M. & Barabash, S. (2022). Simulations of Energetic Neutral Atom Sputtering From Ganymede in Preparation for the JUICE Mission. Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, 127(1), Article ID e2021JA029439.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Simulations of Energetic Neutral Atom Sputtering From Ganymede in Preparation for the JUICE Mission
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 127, nr 1, artikel-id e2021JA029439Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Jovian magnetospheric plasma irradiates the surface of Ganymede and is postulated to be the primary agent that changes the surface brightness of Ganymede, leading to asymmetries between polar and equatorial regions as well as between the trailing and leading hemispheres. As impinging ions sputter surface constituents as neutrals, ion precipitation patterns can be remotely imaged using the Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENA) measurement technique. Here we calculate the expected sputtered ENA flux from the surface of Ganymede to help interpret future observations by ENA instruments, particularly the Jovian Neutrals Analyzer (JNA) onboard the JUpiter ICy moon Explorer (JUICE) spacecraft. We use sputtering models developed based on laboratory experiments to calculate sputtered fluxes of H2O, O2, and H2. The input ion population used in this study is the result of test particle simulations using electric and magnetic fields from a hybrid simulation of Ganymede's environment. This population includes a thermal component (H+ and O+ from 10 eV to 10 keV) and an energetic component (H+, O++, and S+++ from 10 keV to 10 MeV). We find a global ENA sputtering rate from Ganymede of 1.42 × 1027 s−1, with contributions from H2, O2, and H2O of 34%, 17%, and 49% respectively. We also calculate the energy distribution of sputtered Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENAs), give an estimate of a typical JNA count rate at Ganymede, and investigate latitudinal variations of sputtered fluxes along a simulated orbit track of the JUICE spacecraft. Our results demonstrate the capability of the JNA sensor to remotely map ion precipitation at Ganymede.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Nyckelord
energetic neutral atoms, Ganymede, JUICE, sputtering
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-192668 (URN)10.1029/2021JA029439 (DOI)000759550200017 ()2-s2.0-85124417315 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Rymdstyrelsen, 179/18Rymdstyrelsen, 189/16
Tillgänglig från: 2022-02-21 Skapad: 2022-02-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Fatemi, S., Poirier, N., Holmström, M., Lindkvist, J., Wieser, M. & Barabash, S. (2018). A modelling approach to infer the solar wind dynamic pressure from magnetic field observations inside Mercury's magnetosphere. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 614, Article ID A132.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A modelling approach to infer the solar wind dynamic pressure from magnetic field observations inside Mercury's magnetosphere
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 614, artikel-id A132Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The lack of an upstream solar wind plasma monitor when a spacecraft is inside the highly dynamic magnetosphere of Mercury limits interpretations of observed magnetospheric phenomena and their correlations with upstream solar wind variations.

Methods: We used AMITIS, a three-dimensional GPU-based hybrid model of plasma (particle ions and fluid electrons) to infer the solar wind dynamic pressure and Alfvén Mach number upstream of Mercury by comparing our simulation results with MESSENGER magnetic field observations inside the magnetosphere of Mercury. We selected a few orbits of MESSENGER that have been analysed and compared with hybrid simulations before. Then we ran a number of simulations for each orbit (~30–50 runs) and examined the effects of the upstream solar wind plasma variations on the magnetic fields observed along the trajectory of MESSENGER to find the best agreement between our simulations and observations.

Results: We show that, on average, the solar wind dynamic pressure for the selected orbits is slightly lower than the typical estimated dynamic pressure near the orbit of Mercury. However, we show that there is a good agreement between our hybrid simulation results and MESSENGER observations for our estimated solar wind parameters. We also compare the solar wind dynamic pressure inferred from our model with those predicted previously by the WSA-ENLIL model upstream of Mercury, and discuss the agreements and disagreements between the two model predictions. We show that the magnetosphere of Mercury is highly dynamic and controlled by the solar wind plasma and interplanetary magnetic field. In addition, in agreement with previous observations, our simulations show that there are quasi-trapped particles and a partial ring current-like structure in the nightside magnetosphere of Mercury, more evident during a northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). We also use our simulations to examine the correlation between the solar wind dynamic pressure and stand-off distance of the magnetopause and compare it with MESSENGER observations. We show that our model results are in good agreement with the response of the magnetopause to the solar wind dynamic pressure, even during extreme solar events. We also show that our model can be used as a virtual solar wind monitor near the orbit of Mercury and this has important implications for interpretation of observations by MESSENGER and the future ESA/JAXA mission to Mercury, BepiColombo.

Nyckelord
planets and satellites: terrestrial planets, methods: numerical, solar-terrestrial relations, solar wind, Sun: activity, magnetic fields
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147410 (URN)10.1051/0004-6361/201832764 (DOI)000436411500002 ()2-s2.0-85049600986 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-03 Skapad: 2018-05-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Lindkvist, J., Holmström, M., Fatemi, S., Wieser, M. & Barabash, S. (2017). Ceres interaction with the solar wind. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(5), 2070-2077
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Ceres interaction with the solar wind
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, E-ISSN 1944-8007, Vol. 44, nr 5, s. 2070-2077Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The solar wind interaction with Ceres is studied for a high water vapor release from its surface using a hybrid model including photoionization. We use a water vapor production rate of 6 kg/s, thought to be due to subsurface sublimation, corresponding to a detection on 6 March 2013 by the Herschel Space Observatory. We present the general morphology of the plasma interactions, both close to Ceres and on a larger scale. Mass loading of water ions causes a magnetic pileup region in front of Ceres, where the solar wind deflects up to 15 ∘ and slows down by 15%. The global plasma interaction with Ceres is not greatly affected by the source location of water vapor nor on gravity, only on the production rate of water vapor. On a global scale, Ceres has a comet-like interaction with the solar wind with observable perturbations farther than 250 Ceres radii downstream of the body.

Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Forskningsämne
rymd- och plasmafysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-119797 (URN)10.1002/2016GL072375 (DOI)000398183700003 ()2-s2.0-85014516987 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Rymdstyrelsen
Tillgänglig från: 2016-04-27 Skapad: 2016-04-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1760-210x

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