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Pandit, Tanushree
Publikationer (5 of 5) Visa alla publikationer
Pandit, T., Jidigam, V. K., Patthey, C. & Gunhaga, L. (2015). Neural retina identity is specified by lens-derived BMP signals. Development, 142(10), 1850-1859
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Neural retina identity is specified by lens-derived BMP signals
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Development, ISSN 0950-1991, E-ISSN 1477-9129, Vol. 142, nr 10, s. 1850-1859Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The eye has served as a classical model to study cell specification and tissue induction for over a century. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms that regulate the induction and maintenance of eye-field cells, and the specification of neural retina cells are poorly understood. Moreover, within the developing anterior forebrain, how prospective eye and telencephalic cells are differentially specified is not well defined. In the present study, we have analyzed these issues by manipulating signaling pathways in intact chick embryo and explant assays. Our results provide evidence that at blastula stages, BMP signals inhibit the acquisition of eye-field character, but from neural tube/optic vesicle stages, BMP signals from the lens are crucial for the maintenance of eye-field character, inhibition of dorsal telencephalic cell identity and specification of neural retina cells. Subsequently, our results provide evidence that a Rax2-positive eye-field state is not sufficient for the progress to a neural retina identity, but requires BMP signals. In addition, our results argue against any essential role of Wnt or FGF signals during the specification of neural retina cells, but provide evidence that Wnt signals together with BMP activity are sufficient to induce cells of retinal pigment epithelial character. We conclude that BMP activity emanating from the lens ectoderm maintains eye-field identity, inhibits telencephalic character and induces neural retina cells. Our findings link the requirement of the lens ectoderm for neural retina specification with the molecular mechanism by which cells in the forebrain become specified as neural retina by BMP activity.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
The Company of Biologists LTD, 2015
Nyckelord
BMP, chick, development, eye, lens, neural retina
Nationell ämneskategori
Cell- och molekylärbiologi Utvecklingsbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105258 (URN)10.1242/dev.123653 (DOI)000355208600014 ()25968316 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84929191594 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-06-22 Skapad: 2015-06-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Pandit, T. (2013). Control of early development of the lens and the retina. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå: Umeå universitet
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Control of early development of the lens and the retina
2013 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The nervous system is composed of two separate compartments, the central and the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) composed mainly of sensory organs transmits sensory information to the central nervous system (CNS) comprising the brain and the spinal cord. The CNS then processes this information and modifies the behaviour of the organism appropriately. To understand the functioning of these systems one has to understand how the different cell types belonging to these systems are generated during the course of embryonic development. Using the chick eye with the lens, which arises from the region that gives rise to components of PNS, and the retina, belonging to the CNS, as an embryonic model tissue the following questions were addressed: how do the BMP and the FGF signalling pathways affect developmental processes within the lens and retina? When do retinal cells get specified and how do the lens and the retina interact with each other during early development? These questions were addressed by using a combination of in vitro and in vivo assays in chick embryos. We show in chick that lens cells are committed to a lens identity, concomitant with the up-regulation of the lens specific marker, L-Maf. Before the onset of L-maf, or in the absence of ongoing BMP activity, lens cells switch to an olfactory fate. However, after cells have up-regulated L-Maf, they are no longer dependent upon BMP signaling for the next step of lens primary fiber differentiation, which is characterized by the onset of δ-crystallin. We provide evidence that the FGF signalling pathway is critical for regulating proliferation within the developing lens, while FGF and BMP signals cooperate with each other to regulate cell cycle exit. In addition we have characterized the expression of Equarin restricted to the differentiating population within the lens, and we show that this gene is subject to regulation by both FGF and BMP signalling. In the absence of FGF and BMP signals, Equarin expression is down-regulated similar to down-regulation of the cell cycle exit marker p27kip1. Over activation of BMP, but not FGF signals is sufficient to up-regulate Equarin expression within the lens. Concerning retinal cells, we provide evidence that retinal cells are not specified until stage 13 in chick. Prior to stage 13, retinal cells are initially specified as telencephalic cells. Our results indicate that prospective retinal cells require either BMP signals or lens tissue, to maintain a retinal identity and to promote further development of retinal cells.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2013. s. 46
Serie
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1596
Nyckelord
Lens, retina, BMP, FGF, chick
Nationell ämneskategori
Utvecklingsbiologi
Forskningsämne
miljömedicinsk utvecklingsbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-80192 (URN)978-91-7459-725-7 (ISBN)
Disputation
2013-10-04, Hörsal B, Unod T 9, Norrlands Universitetssjukhus(NUS), Umeå, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-13 Skapad: 2013-09-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Pandit, T. (2013). Specification of neural retina character by lens derived BMP signaling.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Specification of neural retina character by lens derived BMP signaling
2013 (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Utvecklingsbiologi
Forskningsämne
miljömedicinsk utvecklingsbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-80210 (URN)
Anmärkning

this manuscript is still work in progress and has not been sent to any jounrnal for peer review yet

Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-11 Skapad: 2013-09-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Jarrin, M., Pandit, T. & Gunhaga, L. (2012). A balance of FGF and BMP signals regulates cell cycle exit and Equarin expression in lens cells. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 23(16), 3266-3274
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A balance of FGF and BMP signals regulates cell cycle exit and Equarin expression in lens cells
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Molecular Biology of the Cell, ISSN 1059-1524, E-ISSN 1939-4586, Vol. 23, nr 16, s. 3266-3274Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In embryonic and adult lenses, a balance of cell proliferation, cell cycle exit, and differentiation is necessary to maintain physical function. The molecular mechanisms regulating the transition of proliferating lens epithelial cells to differentiated primary lens fiber cells are poorly characterized. To investigate this question, we used gain- and loss-of-function analyses to modulate fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and/or bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signals in chick lens/retina explants. Here we show that FGF activity plays a key role for proliferation independent of BMP signals. Moreover, a balance of FGF and BMP signals regulates cell cycle exit and the expression of Ccdc80 (also called Equarin), which is expressed at sites where differentiation of lens fiber cells occurs. BMP activity promotes cell cycle exit and induces Equarin expression in an FGF-dependent manner. In contrast, FGF activity is required but not sufficient to induce cell cycle exit or Equarin expression. Furthermore, our results show that in the absence of BMP activity, lens cells have increased cell cycle length or are arrested in the cell cycle, which leads to decreased cell cycle exit. Taken together, these findings suggest that proliferation, cell cycle exit, and early differentiation of primary lens fiber cells are regulated by counterbalancing BMP and FGF signals.

Nationell ämneskategori
Cell- och molekylärbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64061 (URN)10.1091/mbc.E12-01-0075 (DOI)000312219900022 ()2-s2.0-84871910395 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2013-01-14 Skapad: 2013-01-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Pandit, T., Jidigam, V. K. & Gunhaga, L. (2011). BMP-induced L-Maf regulates subsequent BMP-independent differentiation of primary lens fibre cells. Developmental Dynamics, 240(8), 1917-1928
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>BMP-induced L-Maf regulates subsequent BMP-independent differentiation of primary lens fibre cells
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Developmental Dynamics, ISSN 1058-8388, E-ISSN 1097-0177, Vol. 240, nr 8, s. 1917-1928Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signals are essential for lens development. However, the temporal requirement of BMP activity during early events of lens development has remained elusive. To investigate this question, we have used gain- and loss-of-function analyses in chick explant and intact embryo assays. Here, we show that BMP activity is both required and sufficient to induce L-Maf expression, whereas the onset of δ-crystallin and initial elongation of primary lens fibre cells are BMP-independent. Moreover, before lens placode formation and L-Maf onset, but not after, prospective lens placodal cells can switch to an olfactory placodal fate in response to decreased BMP activity. In addition, L-Maf is sufficient to up-regulate δ-crystallin independent of BMP signals. Taken together, these results show that before L-Maf induction BMP activity is required for lens specification, whereas after L-Maf up-regulation, the early differentiation of primary lens fibre cells occurs independent of BMP signals.

Nyckelord
lens, development, lens fibre cells, differentiation, BMP, L-Maf, δ-crystallin, chick
Nationell ämneskategori
Utvecklingsbiologi Cell- och molekylärbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-51584 (URN)10.1002/dvdy.22692 (DOI)000292772400005 ()21761477 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-79960359883 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2012-01-27 Skapad: 2012-01-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
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